Vienna in 1851

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Vienna in 1851 - Story at a beau- jDtmocratu Sanncr. A Black...
Story at a beau- jDtmocratu Sanncr. A Black Eagle In a Bad Way. Austria, in tbispresentyear of grace, 1851, -- i Jiustna, m taia present year 01 ITDIUL-, .LOU.I, figure, i ookff to mo vory £ U( , U i, ko a translated ver- roseate j 6 ; OJf of j; n ^ and ^Jor the Stuarts. . of j j_ am ,, r | s i dcnt; at Vienna, and know Aus- many birds be- ) n i a pretty well. 1 have seen and the r oce now in a sit-kly state-1 smooth- have seen some smooth- . absolutelv rotting aw ay-but I never saw one Her | wit i, auch lmp r,, m i s ing symptom;, upon him , l v satin; , ^ the BIa( . k j!;. lgle oE Austria. folded , The court ol Vienna id perh; of In- ij ;ni an ( - yieni piu with was o£ flat, quite It to the did such a it "who the some- perhaps the moat .it in Europe; the whole social system . n n a is perhaps the most thoroughly unsound unsound in Europe^ Austria is weighed down by a numerous and impoverished nobility, by unjust taxes, Uy depreciated. and by a currency incredi- ller commerce is hampered hampered by all manner of monopolies, and is involved involved in such a. complex network of restrictions, restrictions, as only the industrious, gold-getting lingers of a few can unravel. Nearly the whole trade of Austria is in the hands of this busy, persevering few. Out of the immediate immediate "circle of the government, there is scarcely scarcely a satisfied misn in the Austrian dominions. The nobles feel abridgment of their privileges privileges and decrc.ise of profit by the abolition of their feudal rights, succeeding the late revolution. The merchants feel that in Austria Austria they suffer more vexatious interference than it is in. the nature oE man to bear quietly. quietly. The peopb,. a naturally good-humored ,"· M.fcvui*"i¥ Jl uuu-nuiuui -ii* so haye learn eU i nsensi bh- to clench their pas- . fist3 waenev . er they think of their absolute ^uenever tiiey tains I und p , vtcrnal government, position otf the nob'.., ,,,,»,, to do a « WJrm over the land; iner !'»- | mu ] t j p ly. a n j st i rre . Not more tli list of the | do zen of'them can live honestly wit 3 nobles is ridiculous.-increase ridiculous.-increase and than a few ·e honestly without em- top in one in She had practise authorship. The Austrian patrician cannot feed himself by marriage with a merchant's daughter; if ho do, his household will not be aeknowledgc.il by his noble friends. The he-iiobic must marry the she-noble, and they must niuke a. miserable, mean, hungry, noble I c Ho is j U it c well," said the professor. of- . And h J, wj f 0? » pu rsaed the other, with the i r - · "I n e d wit te relncu ,bcr meeting her at Home; they were at - marc :. cd anu 5 h c was a. most delightful and i Jpersou . she croatc d a sensation, no doubt, and , ^, hcn sh(J wag rcccive(1 tishc w ro f cgsol .. tishc waB not roce 1 at your court ?» ; vea !lt a n » said t b e ' , being delighted . _ __ ^ .__ ! Viennese. At thcpresent moment, the lami- that he | ly ot a m i- n i 3 t er; or of any of the generals "How v.as that?" asked many voices. "Because ehe is not born." "Not burn" is the customary mode of ignoring ignoring (i£ J.nntyTiSO-~a slang word of this time/the existence of the vulgar, among tho Rachel city, and house,' of Susanna. of our is not so never Again her to e she sand , a I who have .saved the throne, m.iy be excluded from society on this pretence. Two recent exceptions 1m e been made in favor of the wives of two of tho most important people in the-enfoire. They trete invited to the court-balls; but were there treated so scur- vily by tho "born" ladies, that these unborn women visited them only once. What is to be done by those poor nobles-shut nobles-shut out fcoui commerce, law, and physic ? Diplomacy is voted low; unless they get the great embassies- The church, as in all Oa- tholic countries, is low; unless a nobleman should eutfr it with certain prospect of a cardinal's hatorabishomic. The best bishoprics bishoprics in the world (meining, of course, the most luxurious) are Austrian. The revenues revenues of the» Primate of Hungary are said to worth the comfortable trifle of sixty thou- mind at to i that of at have ' Hut there remains for these wretched nobles, nobles, one xoad to independence and distinction; distinction; ami this is the amir, 'Io the army, it may be said, the whole body of the Austrian nobilily belongs. The more fortunate, that i to s.iy, the highest in rank, add to their commissions places About the court. Cher- ; sh()d tlUc3 aro ac(ra!rcd ; n this and a insist on king seriously addressed much in · ' U l J Aastrinn sonecv as-say for ex- with like view-She the desired . ity as--say 1 _ _ Frau-ober-eonsistorial-hof-Dirccto- In tho army, of course, under such a system, system, wo sec lieutenants with the hair gone from their heads, and generals with no nair come yet on their chins. A young man of family may get a captaincy m three months company; | wh ; cu Y, s neighbor, without patronage,might be ,' not t {{ he f lved ' £menr _ £ omm ; s °-^ ns f ire met any . not , old ; n Auatrlft as they aro ; n England, beauty but the ministry ofwarknowshowtorelpond How- to ,, ; n u uen( . 0 . Ia an tirmy of fivo £ an . itsoon | ^thousand, vacancies, it is needless to of un- to Jones worth see. she somebody six hundred »f morning, major, with the place of aide-decamp aide-decamp to the emperor; and to such a boy, wita friends to back him, the army is decidedly decidedly a good profession. The inferior officers officers are miserably paid, an ensign having little little more than thirty pounds a year. A captain, captain, however, is well paid in allowance*, if not in money; while a colonel has forage for twelve horses, and very good contingencies besides. there ara to be considered other very important differences between pay in the Austrian, and pay in tho English, or- with y uniform not a | t ;u. and ^ she told said it to he cannotrun up a long tailor's being admitted to the best society, be ne'ed not spend much money on amuse-' ' *\ ent - Besides, does not the stote accord to fa m tjj 0 privilege of going to tho theatre for twopence? *;^^ ^ The poorer officers mthe,.!VuVtrian service bly be well born, but who have certainly not been long born; nud in many nlaccs co'mbi- i nations have been made to resist the unfair kind [system of promotion. A young captain sent mines | down to command graybeards, witn a lively cirirg now and then required to fight, one after tho other, the whole series of senior lieutenants. This causes » juvenile captain ocoasionally ! to shirk the visit to his regiment, and effect let upright. read expect morn- a prompt exchange, Some part of tbe lost-namer! difficulty is overcome by the existence of one or two corps I of officers who bavo no regiment at all-' all-' Where there are no men to murmur, the business business of promotion is carried on with perfect perfect comfort. In spite of all this, there is much to bo the bi- I eaid to tho credit and honor of the innumer- Jack-' able throng of people forming the Austrian excellently appointed and well-disciplined multitude. The gallantry ( ing it carelessly, arxi immediate]^ ,, of its soldiers, and tbe skill and experience | the word "republic," banded of its highest officers, must bo freely adBiit- j to a servant, with a shudder, and toted. Then, too, the great number of nobles I the author acknowledging its receipt, classed irilhin it has at leant had the good I wondering that the- poet "should effect of crc.iting a high standard of artifi- him (the noble) capable of encoorjjfinere- cial honor. The fellow-feeling among Aus-1 publican principles 1" This note 1 scurified. trian soldiers is also great: those of the same the feelings of the-rhymer intensely. rank accost each other with the "Du," the, hurried'off to exculpate himself and household word of German conversation; | the real aim of his book. He did and the common word for an old companion of course, his book was bought, in arms, is "Duty-bruder." I This is the state of Austria io3851. Men of all gnides look aoxious.ly to-France-; knowing th.it the events in Paris next if they, lead to outbreak, will be felt In Vienna instantly. Yet Strauss . iteiights the dancers, and the military bands play "Hoch Lebe" round the throne. Theobles scorn the merchants and the men at who return the noble scorn with a contemptuous pity. Tho murmur of thepopnlace-ia hcird below: but still we have the gayest capital in all Jhe world. We tfcrong tno places of amusement. Dissipation occupies- our minda and shuts out graver thought*-Verily, thought*-Verily, Charles Stuart might be reigning Duels are frequent, but not often fatal, of eveu dangerous. To take the nib from aa adversary's nose, or to p ire a small rind from his car, is ample vengeance even for the 1 blood-thirsty.. An Austrian officer who has received a blow, though only in an accidental scuffle, is called upon to quit his regiment, unless ho has slain upon the spot the owner of the sacrilegious sacrilegious hand that struck him. This he is authorized by law to do. if struck while wearing wearing uniform. The effect of this savage custom custom has besn to produce in Austrian officers a peculiar meekness and forbearance; to keep them always watchful against quarrels this capital.--Dickens 1 Household with civilians; and to make them socially the | quietest gentlemen in the world. Richard Baxter. Lost winter, a fast English gent left a Thc followin , trik ; ; nterposUioa of masked hall at tne Redoute, intoxicated.- p r07 ; d( , nco ; 36 £ d to hllT " e ^ l ° d « Dmrminga sentry, he ensconced himself I rfngMr.Baxter'sresideneeatCoventrv. Sev- until urorning in ins box. The gent was then forwarded to the frontier, but the soldier was flogged for not having shot him. Freedom from arrest for debt is an immunity immunity enjoyed by Austrian officers; but those who indulge too freely in their exemption from responsibility may want defenders powerful enough to prevent their summary dismissal from the service. j I have written thus much about the Aus - until morning in Iris box The gent was then, era f ministers, ejected by the act of uniform- forwarded to the frontier, but the soldier ity, who resiBed^n that city, united Baxter in establishing a lecture in a house on a neighboring common. Tbe of worship was generally a very carlv Mr. Baxter left Coventry io the evening-, intending to preach the lecture the following morning. The nigbt being dark, he lost -..,. ,. . ... , wav, and afterwanderinsa'jout a considera- .1 have written thus .mucii about he Aus - | Ue - t '; me be CTtte to ft ° tituttttl , a TM ?'"_ B TM*_ b ^ au ?!:LTM £$_" ft 8 .?^ i ^here he asked for direction. The servant here now siandgj every third man is or has been a soldier; and one cannot talk about society in this empire without beginning at once to talk about its military a«pect-_ e U n 3 a e _ Ciay and trifling as the metropolis with deri OQ tho common at *, TM ? a n o its abundance of out-door amusement, Vien- ' ^ tb 1 1 ; - t h; . must be pat down ,n plain words as tho ' The servant informed his master, that a person of respectable appearance, who had lost his was at the door. The gentleman, thinking would be unsafe for anch a ' ' most inhospitable cap.talm Europe. The | Mr. Baxter readily accepted the kind pro. . f , ... ... uro , pe ' ,9 ! posal, and met with a very hospitable Austrians Austrians themselves, admit that they could g on . u ; 3 convcrsa tion wL such a" not endure to be received abroad as they are Ms hog| . an lt( ^ ^ f fa in the habit of receiving; strangers here.- and cstcns ; re information. The? I he greater Austrian nobles never receive a , wishm t knovv th . it , ,. * stranger to their intimacy. A late French , after £ ° « A ^ - « whole period of his residence in Vienna.-, -Q ~ h ^~~ ^' £ - ,,,, ^ The diplomatic corps do not succeed in fore- » I L 1 _ '. J - , entitle a stranger to feel that himself familiarly the friend of trian. Any one who has tho somewhat indignant testimony of the old- ' est and most respected members of the corns diplonalique to the inhospitable way i n ' which their friendly overtures have been re- , ceived. Invitations to dinner are exceeding- j * f rare; there are brilliant balls; but these .0 not satisfy an English longing for good- ly Jo fellowship. "Familiar visits and free ?ocial S^fftelSuae intercourse do not exist at all. Then there to enter the houac ' i. and I doubt not we shall Mr. Baxter very prudont- irapany him. icordingly, the next morning, the gentle- took Mr. Baxter in his carriage to was to be held. of people hoverirfcjb ; for seeing the carriage of the and suspecting hi · · · · - -- n8,they were The iusticei observing ?, , ' f ., L o " intercourse uo not c^iac at an. jjien incro ... « » . r -r ? e , ' f ., are the two great divisions of society-orthe i ' his ' **$ . to * Ir : * Mter ."' ", m ^ nobles and the merchant Jews; on one side' S avet °T" aed mform!ltlon of m T Je »'i poverty and pride; on the other, wealth and I r intellect. The ugliest and most illiterate of paupcr-counte.°ses would consider her glove soiled by contact with the rosy fingers of tho fairest and most accomplished among bankers' bankers' wives. The nobles, so intermarrying and so looking down contemptuously upon tho br,iio and sinew of the land, have, as a matter of course, degenerated into colorless morsels of humanity. How loi remain uppermost is for thcmsal late, if they can; it is eno J; ' " good wine at the bottom, ai to know that there must be a settlement impending. impending. For the inhospitality of Viennese society there is ono suflicient reason; it springs out of the dread of espionage* In this city of Vienna alone there are said to bo four hundred hundred police spies, varying in rank between the people wiH not enter the house. I if we extend our ride a little farther, departure may encourage them to a*semble,and on our return wo may fulfil our commission." When they returnod,thcy found their efforts useless, for the people still appeared unwil- ! ling to assemble. The magistrate, thinkinc obliged to him to address them on the of loyalty and good behavior." Mr. Baxter replied, "That perhaps this would not bo deemed sulHcient; for as a religious service was tho object for which thcv met together, they would not be satisfied "with advice that nature, but if the magistrate would u l u u puiicu auica, tniiu;r ill ittutx UCL»I;UU . .^i . , .", an an archduke andawaito?. Letters are not KTM wth prayer, he would then endeavor An of say something to,them." Ihegentlemanre- · ciu "*· «i:«^ »,.^.:--!.:,, i , i_ t_;~ _ _ _ i f j*i safe; writing-desks are not sacred ' ' " - · · vent (supposing that to be anv consolation) if you seal with wax over a wafer. One consequence consequence of tho melting and steaming Dracti- ces of the Austrian post-office is especially afflicting to merchants;--bills come some- tiines t o b e presented, while t h o letters con- , . . , . taining advfco of them. He detained by tho g'strate_standm authorities; acceptance, in the absence of ad- viee, being refused. From the surveillance of the police officials, house, and the people hesitating no longer, followed them. Mr. Baxter then commenced tho service prayer, and p.rayod with that seriousness 1 ervor for which he w.is so emincn'. by was soon melted into tears. The good divine then preached in accustomed lively, and zealous manner. When he had concluded, he turned to magistrate-mdsaid, "Sir,Iam thevervDick perhaps not a house in Vienna is free. Tho magnate-ma saw, "SiMatn the man whom you invited as a friend, and w h o , J? ax . t(!r of wbo TM J oa »TM n pursuit, I am en- is dancing with your wife, m a v b e a spy-- | t-rely at your disposal." The how--_ °. . .. J , - ' . . " *·* . ttfttr- Tiorl fAlf eft Tni.AT, 3..,.7.._ *l,« ..»-».:«« _ n ^ -, had felt so much daring the .w things in so diu'erent a light, that 1 1 - entirely all his enmity to tbenoneonfor- You cannot tell; and for this reason people j in Vienna--naturally warm and sociable--- j close their doors upon familiarity, and are' . - v v . made freezingly inhospitable. Yet this grand nllsts ' i 1 TM eve , r afterwords became their sin- machine of espionage-leaves crime atlibortv. I c f c friend and adrocate, and it is b-Uetrud. Although murder is rare, or at least rare of I !llso a decided Christian. discovery, (there is a Todscbauer, or inspeo · ·--~ tor of deaths, but no coroner's inquest,} un- CO-OPEBATIOX OFTHS Wirs.--There punished forgeries and robberies of the most 'good sense and truth io the remark shamelcss kind outrage society continually, I crn author, that no man ever prospered Many of tho more distant provinces are in- j world, without the co-opnration of f ested by gangs of organized banditti; who If she unites in mutual endeavors, will ride, daring broad daylight, intoaeoun- i waids his labor withan endearing try gentleman's courtyard; invite themselves, what confidence will bo reso*rt to- his-, to" dinner, take away his property-, and insist, chandize or his farm. By over on a ransom for himself if he has no wish to the soos, meet difficulty, or seo his houoe in flames. When met by troops, I ger, if ho knows he is not these hands of thieves are often -' ' *· : ! - v -- · · - ' L -- '-*· ·" But, although the enough to offer battle. lthough th proteet Austrian s only them, but foreigners besides glish are extremely liable to suSer. etrong ' strength in vain, but that his labor will ', rewarded by. the sweets of homo! Solit tle. . ', rewarded by. the sweets of homo! Solitude. e Austrian police cannot and disappointment enter thehistory of ubjects, it can annoy not ry man's life; and ho is hut, half eigners besides. The En- for his voyage, who finds bot an ly liable to suSer. One for happy hours f while fir his months Englishman, only the other day, was ordered darkness .and distress, no sympathiiing to the frontier for a quarrel with his land- ner ia prepared. ..." lady; another, for keeping bad society; an- ----- ; -- ,r~T". other, for hissing a piece of music; throe, i WOMEN'S RIGHT?.-- Those ladies for being suspected of political intrigue ; to officiate in town'nieotihj's amTvofe guard, i sense of their own claims on the vacancy, Ta'^idro, for being newspaper reporters. The the men, and perform other French have lately come in for their share arc reminded thst they can enioT of police attentions; and we have lost, from unmolested itl?itcairn s Island, nc . the same cause, the company of two Ameri- j ted hy Sw descendants of the cans. Among the Austnans themselves, the theBritwh ship Boiinty. ' In 'that very name of the police is a word of terror. Island, the women aro allowed By their hearth* they daro barely whisper laborious work, such as proparing-tho matter that would be harmless enough else- , for planting, digging potatoes and where, but dangerous hero, if falling upon A tha'tchin{£rpof$; etc. In the municipal ad' " policeman's ears miniftratiorfot tho Island, "a magistrate , Beocntly there wa»a poem published which appointed yearly by a majority o£ professed to draw a parallel between a mon- both male and 'female, above arohy and a republic. Of course itwasun tfage, are voters.-- Worcester Transcript. orthodox and .in almost rabid glorification ---- * ot "sound" absolutist principles. The.poot. gffl- Which is the quickest, best or seat a copy to "" Austrian noble ; who, ope'n- HervF, T)(icninip you oan catch

Clipped from Democratic Banner05 Mar 1852, FriPage 1

Democratic Banner (Davenport, Iowa)05 Mar 1852, FriPage 1
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  • Vienna in 1851

    haloupek – 06 Dec 2014

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