suburban citizen, dc, 12 Jan 1901

eericksonalaska Member Photo

Clipped by eericksonalaska

IN INIANDOFPOLAKBEABS INIANDOFPOLAKBEABSWHALERS LANDOF POLAR BEARS BEARSWHALERS BEARSWHALERS WHALERS TRADE TRADE WITH WARY AND ANDMERRY ANDI ANDMERRY ANDMERRY MERRY ESKIMO ESKIMOHow ESKI ESKIMOflow O OI I Bares BaresPelts Pelts How They The Get BnrereltB Rare relte OheapNnthee OheapNatlveaAnxious Cheap OheapNntheeAnxloull Natlvee NatlveeAnxloun Anxious For Useful Articles and Gilttaring Gilt Gilttoring GUtt41rlng toring Trinket Give In Return Ueapd Ueapdof lleop lleopof lIeapof of Valuable Animal Skin SkinsWalter SkinWalter SkinNatter Walter E Clark writes ns follows to t0the tothe tlthe the Philadelphia Record from Port PortClarence PortOlarenee PortClarence Clarence Alaska Through the In Increasing Increasing Increasing ¬ creasing contact with wBlto men from fromtho fromtho fromthe tho States who visit tho far North Northevery Northovry Northevery every summer the Eskimos of Arctic Arcticand ArcticInd Arctcand and aub subArctic Arctie Alaska hare become becometraders becometraders becometraders traders of great shrewdness and abut ability a1JIIIty abutty ¬ ty It can never bo said that an Es Eskimo Esklmo Eskimo ¬ kimo over got more In trade than he hegave hegavehe hogavehe gave gavehe he usually gets much less The Thelaw ThlInw TheIaN law of supply and demand Is univers universal ¬ al however and the native Is glad gladto sIndto gladto to glvo articles which aro of ofgrolt ofgroltvnluo great greatvaluo groatvalue value In tho markets of tho United UnitedStates UnitedStates UnitedStates States In exchange for t rchenv cheap things thingswhich thtngswhich thingswhich which to him are rare and useful and nndtherefore amitherefore andtherefore therefore valuableThe valuable valuableTho nlunbleThe The Eskimo Is is not nof to be regarded as asa asa asa a savage for he is far from It It A Atrader Atrader Atrader trader might bring a ship load of look lookIng lookIng lookIng Ing glasses and glittering beads to this thiscoast thiscoast thiscoast coast and at the end of the short gum putnmer lIummer gummar mer season ho would have no bear bearskins bCIl bCIlskins bearskins skins and no fox skins nor Ivory but butho butho buthe ho would know more morc about the Eskimo Eskimocharacter Eskimoclutracter Eskimocharacter character characterWill clutracterWILL characterWILL Will TIUDE WITH NATIVES NATIVESArticles N NATIYDSArticles ATIvnsArticles Articles more useful arc demandedNot demanded demandedNot lemnntIelNot Not a few men who have failed In the thegold thegold thegold gold fields this year have conceived conceivedtho concehelltho conceivedthe tho Idea that there is money to be bemado bemade bemade made In trading with the natives and andat anclnt andat at least ono expedition for this purpose pur purpose purposo ¬ pose was fitted out this year enr and oth others others othera ¬ ers are promised tor next season But Butthe Butthe Butthe the slender population on these coasts coastsis constsIs coastsis is is every year becoming less and tho thovisible thovIsible thevleible visible supply of furs and other arti nrtlcles articles artlcles ¬ cles formerly brought out for trade by bythe bythe bythe the natives Is decreasing decreasingIt It was only until comparatively re recent recent recent ¬ cent years that whaling ships pene penetrated pcnetrated penetrated ¬ trated to any extent Into the waters of ofArctic otArctic ofArctic Arctic Alaska Owing to the whole wholesale Wl101lsnleslaughtcl tvholasale ¬ sale snleslaughtcl slaughter of whales In the North NorthPacific NorthPacIfic NorthPacific Pacific the catch became smaller each eachyear eachycar eachyear year until ships entered every year In Inconsiderable Inconslelerable inconsiderable considerable numbers Bering Sea The Theslaughter Theslaughtlr Theslaughter slaughter of whales being b lng transferred transferredto trnnsrerrcto to these waters and resulting in de depletion tIeplotlon deplotlon ¬ plotlon tho whaling ships entered the theArctic theAlctlc theArctlc Arctic Ocean In search of the retreat retreating retrcatIng retreatlag ¬ ing bowhead bowheadATTEB bowhendwrEn bow heitd heitdAFrEn wrEn THE WHiliBS FAB NORTH NORTHThe NonTIIThe NOBTIIThe The whaling men are the th great trod traders tro trocrs troders ¬ ers of the region north and west of ofthis cfth18 ofthis this port Whales are rometimcs rometimcsscarce rometlmes8clrce rometimesscarce scarce 8clrce and tho whalers whnhlxsaro arc glad to toadd toadd toadd add to the precarious profits of a sea seasons SOlsons seasons ¬ sons catch by trading for furs nnd nndother nndother andother other products of the country There Therearo Thlrenre Thereare are native settlements on the coast of ofNorthern orNorthern ofNorthern Northern Alaska and on the Islands Islandsof IslnntIst islandsof of t Bering Sea Sen where not more than thanono thanone thanone one ship shlpla is seen In the course cour of n nyear nyar ayear year At i other C11r places I placsa > lac 8 tljrfyx thli r a or 01 four fourvessels fourvesselg fourvessels vessels call during the abort season of ofnavigation otnnvlgnUon ofnavigation navigation navigationEvery nnvlgnUonEery navigationEvery Every whaling vessel carries Its Itastock Itsstock Itsstock stock of trade goods on a Northern Northerncruise Northerncruise Northerncruise cruise and even tho officers of the theUnited theUnltc theUnited United States Kevenue cutter Bear Bearthough Dearthough Bearthough though In the service of tho Govern Government Government Government ¬ ment are allowed to take along a nlimited aIImUe alimited limited IImUe amount of trade In the case caseof caseor caseof of Government officers however the thetrading thetrading thetrading trading Is not carried carrl el on for profit profitbut plofitbut profitbut but for the purpose of obtaining relies reliesof lcllesof relicsof of the country and articles for to person personal personal personal ¬ al use 1se ABTIOLES A TlOLES NATIVES NATJ S WANT WANTThe WA1 WANTThe > oor oorThe The trado goods stock of n whalingship whaling whalingship wballngship ship consists of a pretty definite list listof l1 listof t tor of articles and the small variety varietychanges vnllotychanges varietychanges changes little UtU from year to year cnl The Thelist TheUst Thulist list Includes InelmlesllOUl flour In bags cloth tea teasugar tensugar teasugar sugar tobacco hard bread or sea biscults bis biscuits blscults ¬ cults cartridges needles and thread threadTho thrcnc1The threadThe The native has to offer In exchange exchangemukloks exchangemukloks exchangemukloks mukloks or walrus hldo boots fox foxskins foxsldns foxskins skins walrus lyory bear skins deer deerskins decrskins deerskins skins Ivory buttons and various na native nilthc native ¬ tive Implements and devices prized by bywhite b3white bywhite white men as curios curiosFor cirlosFor crlosFor For brown and polar bear skins the thetrader thetrw1er thetrader trader goes to tho Eskimo settlements settlementsnorth setUemenhrnorth settlementsnorth north of Belong Benng Strait on the shores shoresof shorcsofUu shoresof of ofUu the Arctic Ocean Bear Bearsklnswclc Bearsklnswclcsearco skins werescarce wore worescarcft scarce this summer for what reason reasonno reasonno reasonno no one seems able to explain explainPOIiAR explainlOLAn explainPOLAf POIiAR BEAU PBLTS CHEAP CHEAPNearly cmutNcarly CBEAFNearly Nearly every summer It Is possible possibleto to find several of these beautiful white whitePolar whitelolal whitePolar Polar bear pelts at tho principal sottlements sot settlements sottlements ¬ tlements between Capo Prince of ofWales orWllles ofWales Wales and Point Barrow Every year yeartoo yeartoo yeartoo too tho Eskimo seems to be disposed disposedto to demand a little higher prices for his hisskins hi hiskins hisskids skins skinsThey skinsThe skidsThey They The are gradually getting a vague vagueIdea vagulIdea vagueidea Idea of tho market value nluo of these thesethings thes thesthings thesethings things In the United States nevertheless neverthe nevertheless neverthele ¬ less le s It is usually possible to buy on onthe onthe onthe the Arctic const < OaRt a fine Polar bear skin skinworth skInworth akinworth worth several hundred dollars In New NewYork NlwYork NewYork York or Boston for three or four small smallsacks smnllsacks smallsacks sacks of flour two or three cases cases of ofhard ofhard ofhard hard bread and a few cartridges If Ifyou ItyoU Ifyou you make the trade on these terms termsyou termsYO1 termsyou you have pald paldtro paidfrom from 15 l to 520 20 for that thwskin thl thlskin thatskin skin Frequently It is possible to buy buya a Polar bear skin for less than Ills Sa15It IllsIt fl5 fl5It It Is hard to say what the average averageprlco avcrageprlco averageprice prlco Is s THINK WHITE MEN tEN C1UZT C1UZTThe O OnAZYThe AZY AZYThe The visit of a whaling ship to ono of ofthese ofUleso ofthese these native settlements always ex excites etcltes excites ¬ cites iritcrcst among the Eskimos Eskimosvery Eskimosvery Eskimosvery very much like that experienced by the themerchants thomerchants themerchants merchants In ina a small provincial city citywhen clt cltwhen citywhen when tho circus came to town townThe townTho townThe The Eskimos think all al white men menaro mennro menare are crazy This T lats Is averred nverrcdby by all whites whiteswho whiteswho whiteswho who know tho Eskimo language and andoverhear ant antoverhear andoverhear overhear tho natives conversation conversationThey convcrsatlonThey conversationThey They have been In no land but their theirowii theirowu theirowns owii owns and they cannot understand why whywhite whywhlto whywhite white men should dig ground for gold goldand golland goldand and do queer things unless they are arethe arethe aret the victims of unbalanced minds Dlndsj t o as th As Ass noon as til r ship drops anchor the thenatives thenntlves thenatives natives are seen coming off In tholf tholfoumlaks thol tholoumlaks tboifoumlaks oumlaks and kyaka kyaksmon men women and anilchildren nn1children andchildren children tho whole population Noa Noaly Nualy roQly > ly every oiery ono of thorn has a poke or orsort orsort orsort sort of pouch made of the whole skin skinof skinot skinof of a hair seal cal slung over his shoulder shoulderESKIMO shoulderBauto houllerESKJUO ESKIMO ALWAYS ALW AY8 MERRY MERRYIn MEItRTIn MEnRYIn In these arc contained the furs nnd nndIvory aUI aUIIvory amiivory Ivory and boots that they wish to totrade totrada totrade trade Nearly every ono of them has hasa a II paddle which he wields wlcl s vigorously vigorouslyIn In his eagerness to reach the ship shipThere shipThero shipThere There Is n great deal of shouting and andjabbering andjabberlnJ andJabbering jabbering and laughing for the Es Eskimo Ellklmo Eskimo ¬ kimo Is always merry and his sense senseof sonstof senseof of humor Is thin wonder of white men menA nJenA menA A sailor throws a line from the whalers whal whalers wbalers ¬ ers afterdeck and In a moment short shortfat shortrnt shortfat fat smiling Eskimo men women and andboys unitboys andboys boys girls and children aro rolling up upover upover upover over the sides of the ship The wun wunIng wl whnh aJ aJlug lug men then bring up their trade traclegoods trndegoods tradegoods goods and the barter begins beginsPOPCIiAB btglnsPOPULAR beginsPorULAf POPULAR FUR FOOTWEAR FOOTWEAROffer I FOOTWEAnOffer OOTWEAnOlrer Offer a native a price which to him Is Isrlduculously IsrltIucuiousl1 isriduculously rlduculously low for his goods goo < ls and amiho anIIhe andhe he will probably laugh at you Hg Hgseems HJseems II IIseems seems to think It a good joke and that thatyoufeally thatyouenl1y thatyoureally youfeally cannot mean to be serious seriousAt serIousAt seriousAt At the price of four yards of calico for forono fotone tarone one pair pal of mukloks which Is s a pretty pret pratty pretty ty low figure tho profit to the tI l whabt whabtwho whnl whaletwho t twho who buys them Is enormous enormousEskimos enormousEskimos enormousEskimos Eskimos mukloks are the best kind kindof klcdof kindof of footwear for tho region In which whichthe whlc1the whichthe the Eskimos lives and thousands of ofwhite otwhlto ofwhite white men In the Alaska mining camps campsnnd campsand campsand and on the trails throughout the Ter Territory Telrltory Terrltory ¬ rltory wear them In the winter Mask Maskloks Mukloks M1kloks ¬ loks cost < Ost 0 a pair at Nome seventy seventyfive seventyfive seventyfive five miles from here Calico oven at atNome atNoml atNome Nome is only on1 fifteen cents a yard yardIt yardIt yardIt It cannot bo said that contact with withwhite withvhlte withwhite white men Is of very cry much benefit to tothe tothe tothe the Eskimo on cither side of the Bering BeringSea BeringSea BeringSea Sea In many respects it Is distinctly distinctlyharmful ellstlncUyharmful distinctlyharmful harmful The laws against Hquot sell selSing scUIng selllag ing among the natives are very cry strictly strictlyenforced strIctlyenforced strictlyenforced enforced but tho whalers evade It Itnnd Itnnd itand nnd mischief always results Even It Ifliquor Itliquor itliquor liquor is not sold to the ho natives they theyaro thcire theyaro aro re very likely to make an alcoholic alcoholicdrink nlcohollIllnk nleohiolledrink drink < from flour and sugar obtained obtainedin in trade and an the thee consequences arc archarmful archnlmfuL areharmful harmful Loft alone the natives on ontho ontho onthe tho American side arc happy and con contented contcnted contented ¬ tented with a lot which might be far farworse farworsc farworse worse and which the white man is isnot Isnot isnot not Improving ImprovIngVon Von Moltke ai a Novelist NoventTl1e NovelistTho NontbtTho Tho German people generally have havebeen hnobeen havebeen been celebrating tho one hundredth nn anniversary nnnlversary nnniversary ¬ niversary of the birth of General Von VonMoltke VonMottke YonMoltke Moltke than whom no soldier of the theempire theempire theempire empire stands higher In the public es esteem Qttoom ea eateem ¬ teem Among other facts brought bl > ught out outregarding Olttregarding otlt otltregarding regarding his life Is the statement stnt statement iueut that thathe thiir thathe he wrote a novel of much promise nonilse In Inwhich InwhIch Inwhich which there Is much of poetry and tO romance tOmancc tomanse ¬ manse It was as written when ho was was a ayoung n nyoung ayoung young lieutenant of twentysix In Iusearch Inscnreh insearch search of health among amougtho the Sllesiun SllesiunMountain SlIesllInrountaIIlf Slleslanlfountains Mountain and dells with incidents incidentsIn InchlantIn In Frederick the Greats cevouycar cevouycarwar seronycnrwnr sevenyearwar war The story toly Is dcubly Interesting Intorestl In Inthat Inthat inthat that its hero is obviously Moltko him himself JIlinsclf hltnself ¬ self under tho namo of Helm and Its Itsheroine Itsheroine Itsheroine heroine his first love the Counters CountersUclcbcnbach ConntersItelehonbach CountersReichenbacli Uclcbcnbach under tho tltlo of Coun Countess COUlltess Countess ¬ tess Elchanbach It Is n story some somewhat sOlllewhat sonicwhat ¬ what looso in construction and dell deficient dctlclent dellcient ¬ cient In plot but there are plenty of ofhalrbrcauth orhnlrbrcluth ofIiairbroauth halrbrcauth escapes secret doors and andpassionate anLlposslol1ate antipassionate passionate love making malciugThe makingThe malclngIhe The f uturq futuretleld tlt field lll marshal was at that thattime thotthne thattime time nri an authority on love A maid nmitiens maidens maIdens ¬ ens love says the world famous famousstrategist famousstrategist I strategist must be won but once oncogiven onceghcn oncegiven given It Is like an avalanche which whichnothing whichnothing whichnothing nothing can retard which gathers In luimpetuosity InImpetuosity Inhnpcluoslty Impetuosity A mans love on the theother theother theother other hand Is too often like a flame flamewhich 111Inewhich flamewhich which goes out when It hns no nour nourishment 1I0UIIshmcnt nourIsluuent ¬ ishment e e Love with women is istho Isthoc10mlnant isthe the thoc10mlnant dominant passion excluding e c1tdlnt all allothers allothClS nilothers others it Is the aim of their thehlIvos lives their theirllfo theJ theJIIfl ihelrlife life Itself In the case of a man love lovepales 10vlpales lovepales pales before other Interests and at the thecull thecllll thecall cull of honor honol It pales like the stars stnr3the a athe t tthe the rising of the sun sunI sunTelephone JunTelephone I Telephone lu Iiue IuMlu IuMluThe IhtMhThe + + ia iaThe The growth rowth of the telephone system systemIn systemin In Kussla Is now considerable consde1ll cnl cnlthough al although ohthough ¬ though It has been slow as compared comparedwith compuI1with comparedwith with other countries < According to tosome tosome tosome some recent statistics statl tJc3 there thl11eole wore In InRussia Innussln inRussia Russia an aggregate of some 83000 35000miles 83000miles 000 000miles miles of telephone wires about half of ofwhich orwhich ofwhichn which Is State and half private concorns con concerns cancerns ¬ cerns The use of the telephone and andthe andthe andthe the number of subscribers arc how however however however ¬ ever rapidly Increasing and some Im Important 1mpoItant Important ¬ portant lines between some of the thelarger tilllarger thelarger larger cities are under 1del contemplation contemplationor or already completed In the Baltic Balticprovinces Balticprovinces nlUe nlUeprovinces provinces there are some large tele telephone telephone tclephone ¬ phone systems but they do not appear appearto appelllto appearto to be altogether satisfactorily con constructed constructed constructed ¬ structed Inasmuch as tho different differentlines differentlIues differentlines lines which are frequently of consid considerable consldorable considarable ¬ arable length have no connection with witheach withcach witheach each other This is attributable main mainly mainIy matnly ¬ ly to Government restrictions where whereState wherCState whereState State telephones already exist existOrercrnwdlucr existOvercrnwdhtr < tlst tlstOeterowdll Orercrnwdlucr unit Tuborcalnilt TuborcalniltS S A Knopf declares that lack of air airand alland airand and light lI ht Intemperance and under ithdevfeeding underfeeding uudl uudltOrlUll ¬ feeding tOrlUll I help to create In the hc body boo the thebest thobest thebest best soil for the Invasion growth mid thuddevelopment middevelopment nuddeclopmcnt development of tho tilt tuborce bacilliThese bacilli bacilliThese bacilliThcso These conditions predominate In many manyof 11an 11anot manyof of the city tenements He then spooks spenksof 811l spooksof ks ksof of the great danger nttendlugtho nttendlu tho care careless rateless 110 110less ¬ less disposal of tuberculous sputum sputumDamp sputumDamp I Damp and soil fosters tuberculosis tuberculosismodel tuberculosismodel tuberculosismodel model tenements built on good soil soilwith soliwltb soilwith with proper drainage will go far to tostamp totamp tostamp stamp out this disease Overcrowding Overcrowdingof Orelcrowltlnot of all Institutions as well as dwellingsshould dwellings dwellingsshould dwotllngcshoulll should be avoided The Croatian of ofschools ors ofschools schools s hooilr of ottolcstry forestry would giro useful usefuland I usefuland scCnl scCnland and healthful employment emplo ment to a anum anumber num number numr ¬ ber of men as well as rendering the theregions thorcjtlons theregions regions moro healthful bealthrullollical Medical flee Record n fleeord c corll ¬ ord Wellington New Zealand has ac acquired ncqulred acquired ¬ quired the local tramways tramwaysa a I H 1 In liar liarTHE hillTHE liarTHE 171 r I i at D our and II

Clipped from The Suburban Citizen12 Jan 1901, SatPage 3

The Suburban Citizen (Washington, District of Columbia)12 Jan 1901, SatPage 3
eericksonalaska Member Photo

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