40 to 50 babies die at Orphanage Memphis Tenn. 1945
Needless, Doctor Testifies MEMPHIS, Tenn., Sept. 18 (UP)—A physician said Monday that from 40 to 50 babies died, many needlessely, during a diarrhea epidemic at the Memphis orphanage accused of trafficking in children. " The late Georgia Tann, director of the Memphis branch of the Tennessee Children's Home society, ignored his warnings to close up the orphanage until the epidemic abated, said Dr. Clyde W. Croswell. Former Medical Adviser Dr. Croswell, president of the Memphis and Shelby County Medical society, is former medical adviser to the home which has been pictured as nn expensive purveyor of foster children to celebrities in NVxv York and Hollywood. He was its adviser in 1945, the year of the diarrhea outbreak. Estimating that 40 to 50 babies died. Dr. Croswell said "far too many babies' lives were lost. "I instructed Miss Tann not to bring any more babies into the home while the epidemic was on. She didn't follow the instructions. - - . The mortality rate certainly should have been much lower." Babies Die Needlestlj He said that many of the deaths at that time were attributed to "pneumonia" or other acute illnesses but they were only the "terminal" causes after the babies had been weakened by the diarrhea. Dr. Croswell's reports provided other items for scandal about the semiprivate agency which came under fire last week 24.hours before Miss Tann, 58-year-old nationally known children's welfare worker, died of cancer. Both state and local gators named by the investl- orphan- age's Jocal have found -_.„ , ir creased her income "by" extracting padded expanses from foster par- board of director* that Miss. Tann ia- cnts. Ignore Precaution* Miss Tann often brought prematurely born infanta to the children's horns before they ghould! have left the hospital, the physician said. These and other deHcat* babies were placed for adoption here while "healthier babies were sent out of town for adoption," Dr. Ci'oswell added. He said that after Miss Tann ignored his advice during the epidemic he resigned his advisory post after sewing 12 years without pay. It was also disclosed Monday that in 1946 Shelby Probst* Judge Sam O. Bates called for investigation of doctors' complaint* about the home. Aircraft Engineer Nets 1-20 Term For Murder Try SANTA MONICA, Cal., Sept. 18 (UP)—Aircraft Engineer John H. Grant was sentenced Monday to one to 20 years on each of «ix counts of attempted murder for trying to blow up the airliner carrying his wife and two children. The mild-mannered, 32-year-old Lothario's term -in state prUoh. however, will run only a maximum of 20 year? because Superior Judge Orlando H. Rhodes ordered the sentences to run concurrently. Before sentencing, 'Judge Rhodes denied » motion for a new trial.