the netherland inn story part two

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the netherland inn story part two - The Netherlcmd Inn Story, Part Two 77m is the...
The Netherlcmd Inn Story, Part Two 77m is the second /art of a two-part series dealing with the Nctherland Inn's beginning period. Muriel Spoden is chairman chairman of the Sullivan County Bicentennial Commission. By MURIEL SPODEN George Hate's Boat Yard Journal is a large leather hound book of 784 pages with his business operations in Christianville Boat Yard from April, 1814 and ending November, 1817, after he left the business operations to his brother, P.S. Hale. Hale transferred transferred all his business dealings out of his "day books," "storage books" liquor books"; " f r e i g h t i n g contracts", contracts", etc., to this large general ledger, on loan to the Netherland Inn Museum Committee, which has been invaluable to the research of the Netherlanrt Inn property and to the entire history of Christianville Doat Yard, or Old Kingsport. Listed on May 20, 1817 on page 646 of this George Hale Journal is the following entry: George Hale pays "To Estate of William King for rents of houses and lots for three years, 1 month and 20 days at $165 a year - S517.92 1 /!, deduct this amount already to credit, $268.33. Balance paid, $247.59." This was the Netherland Inn property and the property across Granby Road from the Inn. The next entry is the following: "To Thomas Hopkins for rents of store house 1 year 2 months and 20 days $70. Total $85.50." The store (Male's Store), located between today's Metro-Gas Co. and Shirley St. was rented from Thomas Hopkins during this period of time. Among repairs made to the property he leased f r o m the ESTATE OF WILLIAM KING and recorded .as cost ol said properly are: 1 stock lock for warehouse, putting on nails for floor and door of the warehouse, nails for fixing up the scales shed, hauling sleepers for the warehouse and logs for the wharf, 41 trees for wharf and warehouse sleepers, laid floor in the warehouse using 900 feet of 2 inch plank;'raised the wharf; 24 light sash and 30 panes of glass to fill the sash, hinges, glaze and.putty for windows for a building on the ESTATE ESTATE OF - W I L L I A M K I N G property, logs and stone for the wharf; removing a door and window and installing 2 window frames, putting putting in a 171 foot partition and a door in the partition, installing a shutter, sealing and cashing a closet door, 109 feet of chair and washboard running measure, 1 stock lock, 2 stock locks and wood screws, plastering laths, lathing a room, paid for dressing 71 apples, and m a n u r i n g apple trees; hauling stone to mend the road by the warehouse - all above was in 1814 which shows there had been damage to the wharf and warehouse which was fairly common due to flooding and storms. In 1815 materials are again purchased to r e p a i r the warehouse, stone work, etc. In February, 1816 he pays the ESTATE ESTATE OF WILLIAM KING rent for t h e DWELLING A N D WAREHOUSE for one year and 11 months $140 a year...paid the estate 80 pound ten shilling. In 1816, among the entrys regarding regarding the property rented from THE ESTATE OF WILLIAM K I N G , he mends fences, mends a corn crib, steps and platform, makes and installs installs steps and shutters. In 1817 he makes steps, hews limbers and placed new shingles on a roof. George Hale also lists m a n y entrys under the Estate of William King which show that he operated a boarding house on King's property where w o r k m e n a n d t r a v e l e r s boarded. George Hale as well as other These are George Kale's journals which record much about Kingsport Kingsport from 1814 to 1817. businessmen in Christianville Boat Yard did business w i t h a great number of companies; some they had an interest in, others by contract. contract. Among these businesses were John Hogan Co., Jacob Gosham Co.; John Lynn Co.; O'Brien, English, O'Brien; Henderson and Beaty; Henderson Trigg; Lynn, Trigg Carson; Morgan Smith; Purdom McAlister; Rogan Henderson Henderson Beaty; Pactolas Store; Henderson Henderson McGhee. D u r i n g this period 1814-1817, G e o r g e Hale,, borrowed money f r o m R i c h a r d Netherland, purchased plank from Richard Netherland, paid Richard Netherland for the store license, had freighting contracts with R i c h a r d Netherland. Richard Netherland did not purchase too many items at Hale's Store but t h i s is not too surprising since he had a store of his own on Long Island and one of his daughters married into the Lynn family and he traded at the Lynn stores. This settles that King's Boat Yard in Kingsport was in Christianville and in 1802 was at the site of the Netherland Inn and a large lot adjoining adjoining the Inn on the west. It must be understood that William King was a very wealthy man and had boat landings and stores from Saltville, and Abingdon to as far south as Ditto's Ditto's Landing in Alabama. He never lived in Boat Yard (Kingsport). His Abingdon home is still standing. His Boat Y a r d in K i n g s p o r t was in Christianville at the site of the N e t h e r l a n d Inn p r o p e r t y . It is believed by some that the original builder of the Netherland Inn was William King and th» Inn was the "elegant dwelling house" named in the advertisement. It is h i g h l y probable but to date has not been positively proved. As to Richard Netherland, he was a member of a tide-water Virginia family of great wealth, the son of Captain John Netherland, Jr. and Mary Ann Mosby. His father was a planter, Justice of the county, vestryman, vestryman, member of the Committee of Safety during the Revolutionary War, man of means, respected and honored. A m o n g the o t h e r vestrymen vestrymen of Southam Parish were William Randolph, B e n j a m i n Harrison, and the Reverend William Stitch. Captain N e t h e r l a n r t was a "Gentlemen Justice of Cumberland County, Virginia" and later S h e r i f f of this county. He was active in the affairs of his ehurch, county and colony but managed to find time to provide handsomely for his large family and accumulate for himself a considerable estate. As each of his children married, he made them substantial gifts of land, money and slaves. He was a member of the Committee Committee of Safety during the Revolutionary Revolutionary War; notwithstanding his generosity to his children, he possessed possessed at his death in 1803, a very large estate, the equitable distribution distribution of which was made in a long and carefully drawn will, in which he appointed appointed his friends Francis E, Harris and Josiah Smith with his son, Richard Netherland as his executors. Richard Netherland was born in 1764 on the Cumberland County Virginia p l a n t a t i o n . In 1792 he m a r r i e d Margaret Woods, the d a u g h t e r of Samuel Woods of Amherst County, Virginia. Margaret was also from a wealthy Virginia family. A m o n g the p r o p e r t i e s inherited by Margaret and her'four sisters from their f a t h e r Samuel Woods was the entire Long Island of the Holston (in Kingsport, Tenn.). The legality of title to the famous island was in question as the Cherokees still claimed it. It was not u n t i l J a n u a r y 7, 1806, t h a t the Cherokee N a t i o n f o r m a l l y relinquished title to the Long Island of the Holston. It has been difficult to pinpoint the arrival of Richard and Margaret Netherland to settle on their Long I s l a n d p l a n t a t i o n , b u t t h e best evidence, after much digging, points to 1810 when Richard paid taxes on the property, having bought out or gained permission from the other heirs (sisters of his wife) to the land. It is positive that it was when John Netherland (born 1808), youngest son of Richard and Margaret, was a very small lad. Little John did not remain in Virginia but came with the rest of the f a m i l y . J o h n ' s daughter attested to this fact. In 1815, Richard Netherland obtained obtained a "quit claim" to the lower end of Long Island from Robert Christian, son and heir of Gilbert Christian who had registered this small section of tlie island in his 1793 land grant, Richard's claim was from the 1776 purchase of his father-in- law, Samuel Woods from William Cocke. Richard and M a r g a r e t Netherland built a f i n e two-story brick house on their Long Islanu Plantation of over 800 acres. Between 1810 and 1836, Richard Netherland and some of his sons built two more residences, one for Richard Netherland, Jr. and one for Samuel Woods Netherland. On this large plantations were several mills, a store, a mulberry orchard where they raised silkworms, pasture lands, a netwood or roads, and cultivated farmlands...all developed, operated and owned by the N e l h e r l a n d family. I remember the red brick house. It was still standing when my husband and I moved from Knoxville to Kingsport. Brick from the destroyed destroyed house is now a part of several chimneys in fine modern homes in Kingsport. In 1818, Frederick A. Ross came to the Kingsport area to settle on lands he had inherited from his f a t h e r , David Ross. Frederick states in his memoirs that Richard NetUerland was a fine Virginia gentlemen and had been a friend of his father K.A. Ross set about immediately to develop the town of R o s s v i l l e , previously mentioned from the west boundary of Christianville to near the North Fork of the Holston along the banks of the Main Holston River. He diverted the Great Stage Road which had, prior to this, run about where the railroad now runs behind Old Kingsport, to run w h e r e Netherland Inn Road in general goes today. In 1818 he built a bridge over the North Fork of the Holston. With the main road being converted and the town being enlarged, plus his wife's worry about the flooding on Long Island, Richard lost little time in purchasing the N e t h e r l a n d Inn property from the ESTATE OF WILLIAM KING. Among many references to the Netherland town property being an Inn and tavern, a few follow: His g r a n d d a u g h t e r attests t h a procured a stage contract and established established the Netherland Christian- ville home as a stage stop, tavern, and Inn. In Deed Book n u m b e r eleven on page 146 in the courthouse records at Blountville, it states that a public sale for O'Brien properties was held in 1831 "before the tavern door of Richard N e t h e r l a n d in Kingsport commonly called the Boatyard" Boatyard" Margaret Netherland refers to "keeping the T a v e r n " a f t .Richard's death. Her granddaughter wrote that "Those were the days when there was no market for farm products, so the man w h o h a d a s t contract was considered a most fortunate fortunate individual. And the old Inn in Kingsport was quite a land mark. My grandparents lived there till after my father (John Netherland) was grown, had studied law and had located in F r a n k l i n , Tennessee. Then his father (Richard) died and his mother wrote him ( J o h n N e t h e r l a n d ) she could not l i without him, so he went back to East Tennessee to live, but the Inn had been closed for several years when grandmother died (1841). As recently as 1901 (proceedings on Rule Docket G p.8 in C M) George R. N e t h e r l a n d and W i l l i Netherland property is referred to as "112 acres of land, 8 acres of land, THE HOTEL P R O P E R T Y IN KINGSPORT". Richard Netherland was Sullivan County court clerk for many years before his death in 1832. He was a gentlemen of wealth and high standing standing in his community. It is impossible impossible that he was ever "a workmasler for Joshua Phipps," He died in 1832 and Joshua Phipps did not become the proprietor of Rotherwood until 1847. Upon Richard Netherlands death, he had a landed estate of over a thousand acres in the Kingsport area of Sullivan C o u n t y ; plus several town lots including the Netherland Inn. He was Chairman of the 1830-31 Railroad Committee which met at the Netherland Inn. He certainly had no need nor inclination to work for Joshua Phipps in any capacity; and wasn't even alive when Phipps owned Rotherwood. It could not have been any of his sons either as their work and energies are well documented. One son was n a m e d Richard and Ije left for Missouri in 1837, ten years before Joshua Phipps owned Rotherwood. Page 4 Times-News Weekender, December G, 1075

Clipped from Kingsport Times-News06 Dec 1975, SatPage 18

Kingsport Times-News (Kingsport, Tennessee)06 Dec 1975, SatPage 18
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  • the netherland inn story part two

    cherylcal1 – 11 May 2013

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