Alonza "Lonz" Pennington
LOUISVILLE, SUNDAY, JANUARY 13, 1884. SIXTEEN PAGES. Ta-pestrv,Garpets; ; : ' SS cl' at ev-. ev-. and CO., : extremely in '- price. LONZ PENKIA'GTON, ' Thm JSttt Jtmndit Trmder eJteferis JLemtucky, FTAe J''rie' th fM for m BUad-eurdling BUad-eurdling BUad-eurdling A'eeeZ. mtttt FULLED HEX? AT EOFK&SVILLB XX 1848. DM yea ever know a famous character' in Christian county named Edward Alonzo Penningtonf" asked a CocaiKS-JocairAi. CocaiKS-JocairAi. CocaiKS-JocairAi. reporter of CoL James F. Buckner, ex-Collector ex-Collector ex-Collector ex-Collector of Rerenae, yesterday. 4 ''Ye, air; be was a client of mine nearly' forty years afo." "What became of him!" ' "HewashuDj in HopkinsriHe in lSie." "That was a very sadden way to terminate terminate the exisenoe of a prominent character, was it not!" S "It was rather sadden, . but he had made himself so prominent that the plan had been on foot a year before it terminated successfully. successfully. . His fame did not cease at his death, however, bat furnished the basis for a norel written by James Weir, of Owensboro, in 1S50, nnder the title of Lbnz Powers.. or the Regulators of Southwestern Kentucky.' " "What were the peculiar characteristics that grave him so much prominence!" . ''Well, sir, in many respects he was a ery remarkable man. In the first place be made a fine appearance, possessed an unflinching nerve,- nerve,- was a food Judge of man, weii educated, and shrewd and energetic enough to carry out any undertaking that bad money at the end of it. As a smooth trader I never saw his equal, and his knowledge of legal technicalities, and the ease with which ne employed tbera to gain advantage over men, was surprisinz even to lawyers. His father. Francis P. Pennington, was a highly respected Justice of the Peace, and afterwards afterwards high Sheriff and a rich farmer, his slaves numbering 40 or 50, and of course the son, as he grew up, enjoyed much re spect througn the father. 'Lonx, as be was familiarly called, was a dear lover of horse- horse- flash, and whence young man settled down on a farm inj&e northwestern corner of the county, ana soon became a lurge dealer in horses. He was very fond of racing, and constructed a 'quarter track' on his farm, which became headquarter for that kind of sport. ' He made frequent trips through the 'Purchase,' and over into Illinois, buying up horses, and he managed to get hold of the beet runners in the regions be visited. As fast as horses accumulated at his farm he drove them South and sold them to planters and horse-traders horse-traders horse-traders and was considered the most successful drover in all the country; but in a few years strange things were happening throughout the country , and close observers kept up continual but cautious whispering over these matters and the indications point ed strongly to Lonz Pennington as the prime mover in various questionable transactions, He was constantly bringing strange, shrewd, and unscrupulous men into the country who came from nobody knew where, to attend to hie horses and take them South. Metropolis, 111., was the headquarters of a gang of counterfeiters who operated with impunity aud defied all the efforts of the Government and the courts to dLJodge them. They counterfeited counterfeited in all grades of the business, and the Western frontier was full ol their spurious gold and silver coin and bank bill, and after each one of Louz's trips to Illinois and the in trod action of a gang of his hired men. counterfeit money was found to be very plentiful in Kentucky. It was also observed very frequently that about the time be started started a drove of horses South a few sprightly oezro boys were missed from different sections of the country, It was very evident that the counterfeit money increased every time Lonz returns J borne with horses purchased across the river. and that the negroes disappeared as the horses went South; but it was very difficult tojflnd a man who would assume the respoa sibUity to give utterance to nis convictions on the subject, because Loos was too shrewd to leave any gaps down to enable the trans actions to be traced to nis door, lie was ery quiot man, and preserved a great deal of dignity on all occasions, holding himself aloof, from the men in his employ, as though be scarcely "knew them. He was constantly making trades with farmers and borrowing money from those who merely re garded him as a very safe and thriving business business man', but wbo were not shrewd enough to discern anything irregular in his transac tions. It was m those dealings that his methods attracted the attention of those who were on the alert. To the latter his frequent litigations in the different courts of Southwestern Kentucky, in which he was invariably victorious, were not matters of surprise, and he frequently satisfied bis dupes that they were mistaken about his transactions , with them. He was a thorough thorough financial freebooter, and in his suits surprised the attorneys on both sides by his ability to . furnish all the evidence necessary to satisfy a jury that the plain tiff bad no cause of action against him. To explain iis methods I will cite one case, An old farmer, named Williams, had accu mulated 81,000 and thoughtlessly spoke of it in the presence of on- on- of Lonz's followers. and when the information readied him he determined to get possession or it. He had a brother-in-law brother-in-law brother-in-law brother-in-law brother-in-law named Oats, who was worth nothing, and he made a note for 81,000 drawiug lO percent, interest and had Oats to sign it. tie then signed as security and told Oats to go to Williams and try to borrow borrow the money, and it the old man haggled to tell aim that he would give good secur.ty. and as a lass resort to snow mm the note itb Lonz as security. Oats did as directed. but YV iliiams hesitated till he saw.tae note, and knowing Lonz so well he counted ont the money. Of course when the paper fell due Oats had nothing to par it with and Williams went to Loos for hi money and was coolly informed that be must make his money oat of Oats. When he . became in aignant ana assea uonz now ne could .go back on h s own indorsement, Lonz replied that he bad warned biin long before the note fell due, and within the . time required by law, to protect niniseii, mat uais was ' be coming a bankrupt and notifying him to attach and save bis money, and if be bad not done so it was not "his fault, Of course Williams denied ever having been notified to make his debt out of Oats, and brought suit against Lonz, and the latter gave notice to Williams' attorney that be would on a certain day take the deposition of a mau named T. Black, at a town In Illinois. Illinois. He mid -Black -Black delivered bis warning note to Williams and knew 1 1 I latere of it. Williams and hie attorner weie on hand at the time and place, but T. Black could not be found, and Pennington said be had moved to Tennessee, and as soon as be could find where he was he would give notice again In a few weeks be said be had found his witness witness at a town in Tennessee, and the party proceeded to the place to take nis deposition. but be was not tnere. iliiams was worn out in the fruitless hunt, aud consented to let the deposition be taken before a Com missioner whenever lound, wuetner be was present or not. Of Courae this errangeraen' suited Penninzton, aud In a few weeks be fi.ed Black's deposition, duly taken and au thenticated. . It we plain to those wbo bad their eyes open that no such a man as Black existed, bnt before the case came up tor trial Lonz Pennington got into a more serious predicament than beading of. his creditors witn manufactured testimony. It was in order transaction, and was the first time that Lonz was ever suspected of resorting to violence to carry . a ' point, hia natural shrewdness having always equal te any easergancy, There was a man living in the upper part of the county named Simon Davis, a stone mason of good character, who married a young lady who was' one of three orphans wno bad been raised by a Baptist minister in the neighborhood. She inherited a farm and five negroes. Davis stocked the farm ana was lust getting started in iue, when she died, leaving no children. Of course her inheritance returned to the other two children, children, leaving Davis none of his wife's prop erty, rennington sawwtne situation at a glance and resolved to play a bold band. He told Davis that his wile's word would not permit him to- to- keep the farm - and negroes, because by law they . belonged to the other children, but if he could turn the negroes into money and sell him toe farm be would undertake to law the old minuter out of it. He said be was not afraid of 'lawsuits and could beat them every time, bat be did not like to see a man compelled to give up prop erty that had rightfully ' belonged to him because his wife died. Hie plausible argu ment bad its effect on Davis, and he agreed to take the friendly advice. He sold four of the negroes and collected the monev for them, $1,500, at the ilay muster at Fruit Hill, iu 1845. It was undertheold constitution that the regimental musters were held, and I was muster Colonel. 1 had been Pennington's lawyer in a few cases and he bad been to see me several times just before the muster to inquire about tbe writing and acknowledgment of a deed. 1 supposed be was making a trade in another county and told him how the document should be drawn up, signed and acknowledged, acknowledged, or witnessed. Alter the muster was over Davis was mA leaving tbe grounds with get the money to pay for the fartm A part of tne program m was for Dis to leave tbe county as soon as the trade was mads, so as to be out of the way in case suit was brought against Pennington to recover the farm, and mat ne must teil some of his meads that be was going away. Well Davis was never seen alive after he left the muster grounds with Pennington. They started to take a near cut tbrougu tbe country, aud tuenrst tbing the neighbors kuew Peuuington was working the Davis farm aud Davis was gone.. Everybody was anxious to know what became of him, aud the suspscions of the entire ivuuty were aroused, and in a lew weeks some one mustered mustered courage enough to ask Pennington where Davis was. He repled toat Davis was in Illinois buiiiling a saw-mill, saw-mill, saw-mill, and that be saw him the lost trip he made alter horses. xl is explanation lulled suspicion for a while, but tbere was a strong belief prevalent that there bad been foul play, Pennington bought all of Davis' stock except a bald-faced bald-faced bald-faced horse, with a glass-eye, glass-eye, glass-eye, whic h be said Davis took with bim. Six weeks after the muster there was a "meeting" at Fruit Hill. and.as, was customary in the couutrv at that day, everybody tor miles around went to tne meeting-nouse, meeting-nouse, meeting-nouse, end among those wbo at tended that day were some young men who. walked to save their nones.aud to shorten tbe aistancetney took a near cut tbrougb tne bills. Ai mey were skirting across tue bead of a deep bottom . they came across Davis' glass eyou nor.e in a pen made or poles, and irum tue iooiu oi tue place it baa been tbere some time. They were boys and knew nothing oi tne suspicions tnat baa been, entertained. and when they came out on tbe road again. clo-o clo-o clo-o to a bouse where a man named Shef tie Id lived, ttey asked him what that horse was penned up in the . woods for. He was known to be one of Pennington's gang, but be put on an air of innocence before the beys and - said he didn't kuow anvthing auoui it. ana aavisea tneiu to keep very quiet Because tnere were some very baa men la the country and they might get into trouble. trouble. When tbev got to fruit Hill meetinsr- meetinsr- bouse, the men were sitting on the borse blocks waiting for meeting to take no and taiKing a oouG sue condition or. crops and sucn matters as fanners dfecuss when they meet Among those who were at the horse DiocKs was an oia man named dames Rob ertson, who was a leading, man in the sec tion and in whose wisdvsr and integrity evervlKxiv olaced the rraaust conndenc. The bo& told what they had seen and de scribed tbe borse, and tneir narrative in teresteJ Robertson very much. He took 1 few of tbe stancbest of those present to one side aud told them that it was a solu tion of the ihystery, and said he was in favor of following it up then and there. All agreed, and as soon as meeting was over the party started with the boys to guide them to tue. place wnere tbe horse was seen. But when they got there the horse was zone the inquisiiiveness of tbe bovs bad warned tsuetnela, and tne animal bad beeu removed. 1 bey went to the bouse and asked a bethel wnere the borse was. but ha did not know: a man named Cessna bad rode it away. While tbey were crow-questioning crow-questioning crow-questioning him Cessna came up and tney begun . on Mm, and it was not long before tbe two coutraucted each other. At this juncture old man Robertson said the country was greatly iu need of some regu lators, anu ne tnouzut tuat was a good time. place and opportunity to organize and begin operations. He . was a leading man in the church, upright in his walk, aud houest iu all bis dealings, and some of the more timid of the party were greatly surprised at bis un usual boldness and determination, but he told them the occasion demanded prompt and vigorous action, and tbe Christian Uounty Regulators were organized on that Subbath atternoon. . Kobertson was chosen com mander, and Sheffield and Cessna, who had already been placed under guard, were told that the performance would begin' immediately. immediately. They first made Cessna bug a tree, without any shirt on, and whipped him till be told where the horse with & gloss eye was. Then they whipped bim until . he told where he got : tbe ' animal. tie said Pennington had given him the horse for a debt that was due him. Robertoon was satisfied that tbey were on the right trail, and asked him wuere Davis was. tie said be didn't know, and was tied up to the tree and again whipped till he agreed to tell all he knew, and they untied him. He then said that Pennington bad killed Davis and turown his body into a sink-bole. sink-bole. sink-bole. lie was told to conduct them to the sink-hole, sink-hole, sink-hole, and they started. He ' conducted them . through the woods, in search of the place, and, after two or three failures, said be could not Hod the sink-bole, sink-bole, sink-bole, and was told to hug the tree again. They whipped him till he said be would find it, and be did. It was on a long bill-tide bill-tide bill-tide in heavy timber, and was really a crack in a rock about 20 feet deep. - Men who thought they knew every foot of the country had never seen or heard of tbe place before. Tbe bottom could not be seen, but one of the regulators went down, . and sure enough there laid Davis' body.. Cessna said that; Pennington and Davis had stopped by the opening and sat down on a log to talk about the deed, and that they had a dispute and Panning ton bit Davis on tbe skie of the boad with a hickory club, killing him, and had thrown the body where if was found. Sheffield Sheffield was tben taken in band and asked what be knew about it. He was ignorant, of course, but a good flogcing revived his mem-o mem-o mem-o y and be corroborated Cessna's statements. The two wen were taken to jail and the excitement excitement spread over the whole country. Pennington's house was visited, but he was not there. His wife said I bad gone to Pa- Pa- ducan to get some horses and a party started after bim, but tbey missed bim. He came bick by way of Princeton, and Hopkiusville and thus avoided them. 'Ashe was riding along the road before reaching Hopkinsville he met a man he was acquainted with who was more communicative , than wise. Pennington Pennington asked bim the news and be replied: 'Haven't you heard itl, Tbey have found Davis' body and they suy you killed ti u and they are hunting for you.' Tbia was a tip for Pennington and he rode -on, -on, through town aud thence home. He told me afterward that he would not have gone home at all had it not been that the animal be was riding was jaded and be wanted a fresh hone. He said be had a blooded horse at home named 'Walnut 'Walnut Cracker,' and he wanted to get on bim to get away. It was in the niglit when he got borne and be discovered that tbere were some horses bitched to tbe fence and be made ud his mind not to co ini lie was thirsty and started to the spring to get a drink of water, and just before be reached it be beard some one talking aud hid himself to nten. Three men passed him with guns and he knew there was no time to lose. ' Old Wal nut Cracker was in tbe pasture and he went back anfl got on his borse ant rode around the bsra to the - pasture, He soon found his favorite horse, and after transferring tbe saddle end bridle to bim mounted, and left tbe country. The search for bim was kept np several days, but as no trace of him could be found It was finally abandoned. The deed from Davis to Fea- Fea- ningtoa bad been lodged for record ia County Court, duly drawn, signed and witnessed, witnessed, in one of Pennington's peculiarly dis guised styles ot nanawriung. ut had robbed Da vie of the $ 1.500 the latter received for tbe four negroes, killed him and fonred his signature to the deed and made Sheffield and Cessna witness it under assumed names. Old man Williams forced his suit to a trial about that time, and as be had no trouble ia throwing throwing oat tbe deposition of T. Black he collected collected bis money. This was in June, 1845, and during the following winter CoL James .Dowjaaa, wbo bad removed from Christian county to Texas several yearn before, returned returned bom. He bad been a candidate for tbe Texas Congress and was defeated just be fore nis return, and one day be mentioned to bis brother. Dr. Reece Rowland, that during nis canvass be spoke at a little town ia Texas, and during bis speech be noticed in the crowd a familiar face. He studied it closely and tben recognized tbe man as Lonz. Penning ton, whom he bad known ia Kentucky. After be got through speaking he banted tbe uibu Hp, iuu, cauiug nun oj name, exieaucu bis band, but the man declined it and told him be was entirely mistaken in the man. The Colonel was greatly surprised, but apologized apologized for bis mistake and was forgiven. He bad not beard of Pejmington's work in Kentucky, Kentucky, and when bis brother narrated tbe circumstances to him be was satisfied that be was n-t n-t n-t mistaken in tbe man be offered to shake hands with in Texas. A large reward bad been ofTei-ed ofTei-ed ofTei-ed - by Christian county for Pennington, and after the brothers talked the matter over CoL Rowland said Rennington Rennington was still in-Texas in-Texas in-Texas and could be caught without any trouble, and tbey determined to undertake his capture. They started tbe next day on horseback, but when tbey reached the place Pennington was not there, but had gone up into tbe lodian Territory. They followed him &nu found him playing the fiddle at a camp dance. He was captured captured aud brought back to Kentucky, just a year alter the murder of Davis, and hi re turn in the hands of the law officers was a great surprise to tbe people, who never expected expected to bear of him aain. When the news caaie that tbe Bowlands bad him at a pom t on the Cumberland river and wanted a guard to escort Mm to Hopkinsville, nearly every roan in the county volunteered for the service. . It was tbe intention to reorganize the Regulators, Regulators, aud after escorting Lonz to Hopluns-vUiel Hopluns-vUiel Hopluns-vUiel take bim to the place wnere Davis was kiiled aud hang him; This plan did not meet! with general approval, however, and the law was given full scope. I was attending attending court at Princeton when they passed throusu, and everybody made a ruu to see tbe prisoner. Tbe escort stopped, and as It was standing on the court-house court-house court-house steps, Pennington Pennington beckoned me to hiui. I responded, and lie asked me to defeud him, and I accepted accepted the oder and told Mm I would call at the jail to see bim when I reached home. When I got home his wife was waiting tor me, and I started with her to the jaiL, The greatest excitement pie vailed, and tbe town was full of armed men who were really anxious for a,n opportunity to take Penniug-ton Penniug-ton Penniug-ton out and bang bim, hut as a subterfuge their wrath was divided against me for offering offering to defend bim. They had boldly announced announced tuat no lawyer should take bis case, but that the testimony should be given in brief, so tbe jury could return a verdict in order that the form of law might be carried . out. ai i walked down the street with Pennington's Pennington's wife, who was a lady above reproach reproach and knew nothing of her husband's free-booting free-booting free-booting preclivities, I was halted on every side and warned to keep out of the case. I paid no attention to tbe warning, but proceeded proceeded to the jail, where I found an excited crowd, wbo boldly informed me that if 1 had anything to' do with Pennington's defense defense tbey would take both of us out and bang us. My family and relatives were frightened, and beseeched me to keep out of it, but I felt that I could not stand to be boll-dozed boll-dozed boll-dozed in that way and turned my attention to the mad crowd. I told them that any criminal was entitled to a trial, and if Pennington Pennington did not employ counsel the court would appoint some one to defend bim, and that I was not going to ask the public for permission to defend, a man in a Court of Justice? I saw in a few momenta that I bad adopted the only plan to sustain myself, and in a short time Uncle Jimmy Robertson, who had made the first move in all this work1 and laid tbe lash on to the two men who furnished the first positive evidence of the murdor, came to me and said: I reckon we are wrong; 1 is best to let the law take t course, but we can't have any acquittal or bung jury in this case. If the evidence is not strong enough for a jury, the Regulators Regulators will aJiuiuister justice.' After a great deal of persuasion be got the men to .consent, and I . went into the Iail and bad a conference with Pennington, told him to tell me the truih, and I believe be did in many points, but when he would get to tbe killing he would only say that he did not touch Davis. I reached the conclusion conclusion that he made Cessna or Bheffi dd do tbe killing and biding, and . that be took the money and gave them some of it. They were in jail under indictment as accessories to tbe murder, and the Regulators thought the best piau wouia be to take ail three out and hang tbem. 1 demanded a continuance of a few days when the case was called, , which aroused the people again, and I was accused oi tryiug to give Pennington a chance to escape. 1 was warned that I need not ex pect any support in my next race for the Legislature, but I told them I owed a duty mj uiy cuent ana was going to perioral it. Of coarse there was no defense to be made, and the jury were not long in deciding to inflict inflict the death penalty, and in May, 1&4B, Edward Alonzo Pennington, tbe successor of the robber chief, John A Murrell. was hung before the largest gathering of people ever seen m oouinwssiern Kentucky. Cessna and suemeia baa made tneir escape . before' tbe banging, and a great many men left that section oi country quietly out nennanentlv. When I ran for the Legislature again I was elected by : a larger majority than before, and some were so unkind as to say that all the rascals in the county voted f or me through kindness. - James Weir pbked a good deal of fun at me in his romance of 'Lonz Powers,' but I felt that I bad done some good by prevailing on the better cjasses to respect the law, and also by satisfying the outlaws that they could get justice in the courts and be bung too." Sbootles; Affray. ' Frank Cass and James CrisweH. two coal- coal- boat men, ' who intended to start back to Pittsburgh on the Cincinnati train yesterday afternoon, caused a hasty evacuation of the reception-room reception-room reception-room at the Short-line Short-line Short-line depot just before tbe ticket office was opened by en gaging in an encounter. Tbe room was full of waiting passengers, and before many of them knew that the row " bad started Case manned his pistol and fired a shot at bis comrade, comrade, which produced consternation and emptied the room in a moment. Tbe aim taken by Cass was too bigb to do any barm. but if be bad been a low-shot low-shot low-shot a tragedy would have followed. The ballet passed through the board wail and struck a car win dow, and let the passengers off with a scare Officer Rounser reached bim before he could fire again, but bad to push his head through the window to subdue bim. The men bad to delay their return borne, and" took lodging in rot-street rot-street rot-street station. ' Tbe Caltee Stales Life laseraeee Company. The thirty-fourth thirty-fourth thirty-fourth annual statement for the year ending Dee. 81, . 1883, ot the United States Life Insurance Company, in tbe city of New York, appears hi our columns today. today. 'All the policies issued by this excellent old company are 'incontestable after three years for any cause, and lossea are paid in full without a day's delay. ' Mr. James F. Lloyd, a well-known well-known well-known citizen, is tbe manager for the company in Kentucky and Tennes see, ofhce,448 West Main Street, .( . Xattonal Leasee Mtettag : - Tbe Emerald Branch of the Irish National League will hold its regular monthly meet ing to-night, to-night, to-night, at 8 o'clock, at Wedekind Hall. Arrangements have been made .to have tbe ball well heated, so as to add to tbe comfort of tbe audience. Ibere will be good speak ing, singing and music An in teres ting programme programme will be rendered. A large meeting and an agreeable time is ex pec tea. . ' A Car-driver Car-driver Car-driver Faaa. . ' . Tbe following additional subscriptions to Rev. Dr. Pratt's street-car street-car street-car driver fund were sent to tbe CoCKixa-J CoCKixa-J CoCKixa-J OUBXAX counting-room counting-room counting-room yesterdayi e Win. Kendrtck'sSona. ...... .......M....t5 00 fiympathiser ........ ..-............ ..-............ ..-............ 00 A MILLIONAIRE'S ELSE. - ie e Bmrkrprr XesstseiUe le Thai mf m Bnmsm Kimg thm Gmid . riTosrrr child or rosruiBr Among the numbers of men wbo leaped from comparative poverty and obscurity in this country, in tbe past half century, none stand ont more prominently John W. Mackay, the California at present living in Paris. His name known all over the continent, and the project of laying another cable across Atlantic, bringing the other continent instantaneous connection with ours, which he is so greatly identified, him before the people again.'. To those familiar with his career in the past few and knowing his immense wealth and splendid surroundings, it seems almost that, within tbe memory of comparatively young men, he w as poor and obscure, without a dollar in the world. . Although has been written and said about bim, matter ot course, but few persons are acquainted with bis early life, and the that be was at one time a resident this city has never been made Aa a reporter , was passing Main street yesterday, a gentleman at the corner of Twelfth street, "You see that building over therel" ing to the bouse on tbe nortbwe&t. corner Twelfth and Main. .. Upon the reporter's replying in tbe affirmative, be continued: suppose it would surprise a number of persons to know that Mackay once lived and kept a saloon. Tbe story is not generally known, as be was not a man ot wide acquaintance, and wbvn be left tbe city thonght of him died out. Of those who to take drinks from his hands across counter, but few recognize bim in bis sphere. "Along about 1845, ' Mackay to this city in -company -company with one two others in search of employment. He was a young man, strong, active willing to work at almost anything would afford him a tood living. An two-story two-story two-story frame building stood at the corner over there, and tbe front room bad used as a ealoon. The proprietor closed few months before, however, and the ing was left without a . tenant. had some little money, and as Uie was a good one he resolved to start a room tbere. lie made a bargain tbe proprietor . and secured the opening up about a week lator. Tbe and its fixtures would be in strong with the fine saloons of the present day, tbeir gilded counters and fancy bars. walls were covered with a simple coat white paint and the counter was a lou narrow one made ont of pine boards. was a shelf on which sat some bottles glasses. His coming was not taken -much notice of and none felt enough interest inquire from whence he came or who he ile was an energetic ana industrious polite a,d attentive to his customers, his short figure and smiling face could seen at all times behind tbe bar. He built up a very good trade, but be never appeared satisfied. It was evident that be not intended for such an avocation in as he was restless and. like Micawber, constantly waiting for something to torn Tbe long looked lor day nnaiiy and he started for California, little expecting that such good fortune as fell to was awaiting bim. in 1S4'J tbe gold was at its heiiht, and every day emigrants were leaving for tbe coast, eager ' to reap the of gold ' which tbey expected was waiting for them. Mackay one of the first persons in taia city afflicted with the fever, and be to induce a number of friends to go him. A party of about twenty-five twenty-five twenty-five finally . made up, and be was oas of leaders in it. He sold his property for a small sum, and that was the last of bim until he jumped suddenly into lap of fortune. "1 was, said the gentleman, "in fornia at the time of hia arrival tbere, watched his career with considerable interest. He had previously known Flood O'Brien and they were very friends. ; They . were at that ' keeping -a -a saloon . in San Francisco Mackey worked in the mines. Iho famous fields of wealth then were California and the Consolidated v and be worked in both of them, tie very shrewd man. tolerably well and bad some little knowledge of civil engineering. He clearly saw that money vested in the stock of eitberox tbese was sure to bring good results, and dollar he could raise was invested in way. - At bis instance ilood aud went in with him and the three stock at three dollars a share. Soon it went up to 7, and gradually increased 18. In this simple manner their were made, and almost before they tbey were wealthy men. Mackay lived in a frame bouse on butter street, bis fieure became a familiar one to tbe quenter! of the mines. i "lie was not married tben, but woman who became his wife soon This in itself is a .little romance and trates bis character. She was a widow be became acquainted witn her, and the daughter of Alal. uungleford. New Orleans. She married . a and moved to Nevada City, where the band died some time afterwards. He poor man, and left his- his- wife and rather destitute circumstances. heard of this some months later, and a subscription for tbe widow's beuent, tribuung liberally nimseit, and neat little sum. This so touched tbe heart that she called on bim to thank his kindness, bhewas young and with a childish facet end winning ways, captured Mackay'a heart completely. courtship was a quite ono, of short duration, and soon the widow united ber destiny with his. was tben a rich man. but be kept his field of action, until in connection Flood. O'Brien and rair he established Nevada Bank, and Louis McClain went Baltimore to manage it. bince tnat Mackay 's career has been familiar meet every school-boy. school-boy. school-boy. Unlike the ot men, however, ne aoes not lorget Was once dependent himself, and bis bas been great. Ho is a member Catholic Church, and established an asylum for the children of that tion in iHevaaa vity, wutcn ne stiu supports. He is always ready to give for charity 's sake, and in addition is polite and teous to everybody." . is Expect Treat. The citizens of Looisvuie are to rare treat in a lecture to be delivered the latter part of this month by Rev. Bryson, D. D.r"f Huntsville, Ala. subject of tbe lecture will be "The of Egypt." The lecturer; who has some time on the spot in . tbe study pyramids, baa had photographic pedally prepared for ths illustration lecture. In the presentation of tbese be assisted bv Dr. Tanner, lecturer Polytechnic Society, under whose supervision the views will be presented to best effect. Under tbe improved will be brought to bear on the katerior of toe pyramids will be with better effect Mian most observers have by actuailyvisiting the pyramids Tbe exact time and place of tne lecture be announced in a few days. - ; The Senatorial FlshL Mr. Z. F. Sniitn, Jr., arrived ia yesterday from Brandenburg. He with him the following communication: fro ?A Editor of ih CourierrJoumaL Bbakok-xbcbg, Bbakok-xbcbg, Bbakok-xbcbg, Jan. 12. There lam and enthasiastio mass meeting Democracy of Meade county held to-day tbe Court-house Court-house Court-house here at 12 o'clock, to expression of tbe sense of this county regard to the Senatorial race pending the Legislature. Tbe following were passed, with only two dissenting Whxsxas, fa consideration of the i to ale country of Gen. Jobs a.