THE REGISTER-NEWS CHRISTMAS GREETING EDITION AtUlewaad jiccount t)f, jloheer -^rtOfets at Idlewobd was presehtea as a paper before the Jeff' Jeff' erson County Historical Society Society by Verne S; Melton, '' a resident of the Idlewood neighborhood which adjoins! tteasanl Grove about five nrilles north of Mt. Vernon. By Verne S. Melton As you know, the early settlers settlers began coming into South ern Illinois in the early part of the nineteenth century. Some Season's Greetings May Peace on Earth prevail may you have a joyous Yule and a home flHed with happiness ... every day. GABLES TAVERN Open All Day Christmas Day (Special Eritertoinment Christmas Night) came traveling on foot and were called "foot padders", some di 'ove or led pack animals, horses, mules, or 6xen, others on horseback and in o.\ carts and covered waaons; then some came in boats floating do^vn the rivers, especially the Ohio river, "which was a principal tlwroughfare from East to West. Flat boats coming down the rivers carried produce, also families «nd goods of the set* tiers. Because it was practically practically impossible to row or pole them back upstream against the cuiTent, njany were broken broken up at their destination and the lumber used for buildings. The first settlements were made under difficulties and amid hardships and dangers. These first settlers were mostly mostly poor with few worldly goods, and had many obstacles to combat combat such Indians, wild animals, cold, hunger and sickness. There wei'e no bridges or established established ferries when the first settlers came;- John W. Allen in his book "^jpgends and Lore of &)Uthern IlHnois" speaks of ft. grave situation that arose when an ox was lost in little Muddy Riverpvest of Hurst, Illinois, while I5S raft was being constructed. IWithout an ox. they were neMy as helpless as an automobilojwithout gasoline. They were llfopeful, courageous courageous and delii-nuned people. They came nol&o much because of tlie "land'ijfcwing with milk and honey", temperate climate, climate, a rich irfil and plently of wild game, but their grand aim was a home, free and without any social restrictions. One historian historian says the early settlers in Southern Ilipnois came mostly mostly from staHils south of the Ohio river, ewsdally Kentucky and TennessdSC This of the ted near of their JehUdnaui. ^deals with some earlylUfcttlers who set- also some and grahd- Jomei R. Campbell Billy Joe Campbell Norman; Tolley <^ I AAelvIn Knappler i ^ Clyde Baker , 1605 Pace Phone 242-1450 We begta^iStrenneSBee in April April 1818. WiUiam Maxey, tiioi ,48 yMin^f age. with his wife and tVma children, one son>in-law SM one daughter- in<Jaw.i:iili4 others, a total (A t««iMtyrbi|personp, left Gallitan, Gallitan, TMiil^. Amll 20, 1818. After a J^ey of nineteen days they 'Hrlved in Moores Prairie, Jef^on County, Illinois, Illinois, on Maj^d, 1818, and set up a home t|i^. Ihat summer Zodak Casefe; who had come here the ye)^: before and settled settled on. a farm a few miles northwest of ;Mt. Vernon, went down and Visited the Maxey family. He toW them they had stopped too S^n, that Paradise was about fifteen miles northwest northwest of thehr present location in Moores Prairie, so that autumn autumn of 1818, they moved to a farm a few,miles northwest of Mt. Vernon in Shiloh township adjoining the Zadok Casey farm. Out of th& family of eleven children we tSjntiniie this story With Elihu M&)cey, the fourth son of William Maxey. He lost little time in selecting a location location for himself. He homesteaded homesteaded eighty acres, exactly 80,16 acres which was entered in the Jefferson County Entry Book as of Deceml ^pr 12, 1818. This eighty is theiVest half of the southwesi; Quarter of Section Six, Mt. Vernon Townshipl and is in the Pleasant Grove neighborhood neighborhood near Idlewood and my home is located on it. The next year in 1819 Elihu went back to Tennessee and married Eva|Qp Taylor of Wll[son Wll[son Coimty .afennessee. Pi-evl- ous to this lie had erected a small cabin on this eighty acres where he afterwards built the best home in the county, and it became a country tavern. An THE VIEW FROM THE PYRAMIIK-It's a breathtaking view, but you have to work to get it, as these tourists discovered. Climbing, the.5,000-year-old, 481-foot Great :i^mid of the Pharaoh Cheops, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient Wotld, is a high point in more ways than one of a visit to Egypt The walk "upstairs" takes a half hour over 2%-ton granite blocks, but the reward is a sweeping view of the green Nile delta merging with brown desert sands. In the background is the pyramid of Chephrent son of Cheops. early day taven is not to be confused with our modern taverns, taverns, but is comparable to our present motels or hotels as a place for travelers to put up for the night. When Elihu built his cabin there were no roads; even the road from Mt, Vernon to Salem was not in existence. Later when the road was opened Elihu Elihu Maxeys house was tiie first point h&rtli of MiL Vernon. Soon thli« was a great emigrant line opened a^^^ Tavern w^as known from Vandalla, the Statu Capitol to the Ohio river. Abraham Lincoln is reported to have been a guest there. Elihu Maxey also operated a trading: post at the tavflm. There was a rail hitching rack at: tiie rear or east side of the building where Indians came for hand outs and to trade. They were not allowed to come nearer the building than the rail, and the women folks were report^ afraid of them. Along the RichvieW and Farrington road nearby, in front of the present present Rerie LeMire rock hoase was a rail fence. This was a favorite place for the Indians to sit on the fence and whittle. The exact location of the tavern tavern was on a small hill on the east side of the Salem Road approximately three hundred and fifty feet South of, the intersection intersection of the Salem Road and the Richview and Farrington Farrington rpad. The Richview and Farrington road was an early trail between Richview and a 'radirig post in Farrington f jwnship. • • • When my parents moved to my present home location in 1911, the biiUdihg was gone but the location spot was marked by a basement excavation, a well, a pea^ tree,-the usual walnut tree and some locust trees alohg the road. All that remains •oday to mark the spot is the well covered with some timbers and a few small locust trees neai'by. In addition to the tavern and his farm described as the best in the county and consisting at that time of nearly a section of land, also a brick kiln located across the road to the West, Elihu Maxey in 1833 and 1834 built a water mill on Casey Fork Creek a mile east of his home residence, into which he put the burrs of his father's old mill and added a sawmill attachment' This soon cut all the lumber for eoffins, furniture, furniture, in fact all the lumber used for any purpose in the county, while the grist mill had a large trade. But the creek would go dry In summer and fall. This, necessitated erection of a large shed and the putting in the horse mill, gear and machinery machinery bought of his father. "Hiese mills were known all over over the county and some of the adjoining counties. Timers in the Casey Fork Creek bed still mark the place where the mill was located. » * * One evening Mr. Maxey rode out to ask his neighbors to come to a corn shucking. As he rer turned home just after dark a few hundred yards from the house the dogs were barkingf at some animal. He could see a large bulk in tiie dark and supposed supposed it was his neighbor's large male hog. But the dogs continued to bark, so he.rode rapidly to It and arrived just as it went up a tree. He called to the house for someone to bring him a gun. A nei*ew staying at his house that night, misunderstood and brought an ax, so he had to rettim to the house for the gun. When he re- ttirned with the gun, Mr. Maxey Maxey got on his horse named "Tiger" "Tiger" and circled the tree, a sharp crack of the trusty rifle, an ounce ball went crashing thru the monster, and he fell to the root of the tree, the dogs got badly scratched. The animal was a panther and measured three feet high and nine feet from tip of nose to tip of tail. Bllha Maxey was the father of five sons and five daughters. Out of these ten children we will continue this stoi^ with the eldest daughter, Hostelina, who was born in 1820, Ih 1840; and twenty two years after Elihu Maxey arrived arrived here in 1818, another nian named Mervil A. Smith, who was born in Norwalk County, New York, June 22, 1817, came down the Ohio river on his westward journey. In contrast with Elihu Maxey, whose father father and mother, brothers and sisters emd other relatives were here, Mr. Smith came all alone. A young single man twenty three years of age. He was also a carpenter and carried his tools with him. When he reach ed Cairo, river and on land, ihe north. northward, the Elihu It seems weather temporarily for him to several became several people lonely after enjoyed his and also decided to continue his to end It is Hostelina daughter had an they were marriageable. fate (Continued DaU 216 N.