Detroit Free Press from Detroit, Michigan on November 24, 1979 · Page 1
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Detroit Free Press from Detroit, Michigan · Page 1

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Saturday, November 24, 1979
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Swami picks today's prep grid winners Details on Page 1C state Partly cloudy High 48, low 39 Details on Page 13C 20c Volume 149, Number 204 ON GUARD FOR 148 YEARS Saturday, November 24, 1979 1979 Detroit Frw Press. Inc. 6-Day Home Delivery !.( aeflta Annus Write Action Line, Box 88 1 , Detroit, Mich. 4823 1 . Or dial 222-6464 from 8:30 a.m to 4:30 p.m. Monday-Friday. Card carrier finally i have applied four times for a Social Security card since last year. I still don't have one. I've been hoping to get a part-time job, particularly for Christmas, but I can't apply without a Social Security number. Everytime I complain, I'm just told to fill out another application. Is there anything you can do to help? T.Cn Riverview You came to the right place. You're ready to join the working class now that you're card-carrying member of the Social Security Administration. ID was in your hands within a few days of Action Line's call to Social Security rep in Detroit. He wasn't sure what was holding things up, but made contact with Baltimore data center to learn nine-digit number you'll carry for life. He passed it on to branch office nearest you and you picked up card same day but not before filling out once last form. Happy job hunting. More on 19A action line: How much should car poolers pay? sound off: Spend federal funds to fight drunk driving? (5) Walter Sullivan Finding black holes? Deep in space, some sci entists believe, there are energy centers so powerful they swallow entire stars. Walter Sullivan writes about them in his new book, "Black Holes" (Anchor PressDouble-day). Sullivan, science editor of the New York Times, has written on such diverse topics as expeditions to Antarctica and the possibilities of life on other worlds. By W. KIM HERON Free Press Staff Writer Q It seems that in a matter of a few years the black hole has entered the common vocabulary. Why do you think there is such an interest? A The black hole is a crazy type of thing where space and time in effect lose all meaning. There are these somewhat science-fiction ideas that you can go through a black hole into another space-time frame. There is the reality of the effect of gravity on space and time, at least at lower levels of intensity. The concept of black holes is so far out that it intrigues people. In a nutshell, 1 think that s what it is. Q Maybe we should back up. What exactly is a black noie.' A A black hole is an object that had become so dense that its gravitational field does not permit light to escape. It can be very small or it can be immense. The only requirement is that its gravity is so strong it keeps light from escaping. Q Could you give some examples of objects thought to be black holes? A Sure. First there were these rapid pulses of extremely high intensity X-rays coming from an (unseen) object that was orbiting another star. The explanation most agreed on is that (the X-ray bursts are caused by) gas falling into a black hole (and) that the companion object is a black hole, a star that has lost all its energy and simply collapsed. Then there are the observations of the cores of some galaxies. These galaxies are undergoing explosive events that are radiating enormous amounts of energy. Theorists were at a loss to think of any process that could release this much energy. And they finally came to the conclusion that at the center of those galaxies there must be a black hole and perhaps whole stars are falling into it. Q The realms of the astronomer and physicist seem to draw ever further from our common experience. A That's true, of course, because the things that relate to our common experience are things that we see, hear and feel. We think of time as something that moves immutably forward and as the same everywhere. We don't think that time runs differently at the top floor of a building than it does on the ground floor, but it does because you're in a weaker gravitational field. You're a little farther away from the earth; therefore time is less slowed by gravity. Q But that's a matter of degree. A And it's such a subtle effect that we don't worry about it; we're not going to miss a plane. And it's only when conditions become extreme that those effects become important. But if we look through a telescope we begin to realize that an awful lot of the universe is in a very extreme condition. Q When you see how violent the universe is, does it make human life seem more tenuous? A Human life is pretty tenuous anyway. But certainly what we see makes the universe appear a much more violent place than we once thought. You stand out there and look up and everything twinkles so gently and seems nice and calm. We're either happily or unhappily unaware of the extraordinary things that are going on. But I don't find them frightening, I find them awesome. it Genesee prosecutor found guilty By TIM KISKA Free Press Staff Writer Genesee County Prosecutor Robert F. Leonard was convicted Friday of embezzling federal money intended to fight crime. The U.S. District Court jury in Detroit returned the verdict after five days of deliberation and thus removed Leonard from his job after. 16 years as prosecutor. Michigan law mandates that an elected county official convicted of such a crime must leave office. The government had contended through the six-week trial that Leonard looted a loosely monitored criminal investigation fund of $147,000 to purchase a Florida condominium for his mother and a California home for himself. , LEONARD, 48, of Flint, sat impassively across from the jury as the foreman announced the verdict of guilty on four of the government's six counts. U.S. charged theft of anti-crime fund At the request of the defense, each juror was asked if that was the verdict. One by one, the jury of six men and six women said, "Yes." There was little audible reaction from more than 30 of Leonard's friends, family members and supporters in the court. Leonard's conviction on one count of lying to the federal government about use of its funds carries a maximum penalty of five years in jail and a $100,-000 fine. The conviction on one count each of embezzlement and transporting stolen money across state lines carries a maximum penalty of 10 years in jail and a $100,000 fine. And Leonard's conviction of lying on his tax returns could mean three years in jail and a $5,000 fine. LEONARD SAID he would appeal the verdict. "I'm disappointed, obviously," he said, "but disappointments are relative. "All you have in your life is your family and your friends, and I still have those," he said, adding that he would "try and put my life back together." Chief Assistant U.S. Attorney Richard Rossman, who argued the case against Leonard, said the government was "pleased with the verdict." The trial, before Judge Robert DeMascio, included testimony from more than 50 witnesses, including Leonard's 71-year-old mother. PROSECUTORS questioned how Mrs. Helen Leonard whose lifetime earnings amounted to Free PressPATRiciA beck about $64,000 managed to put down $14,200 in Robert F. Leonard after Fri See PROSECUTOR, Page 1 9A day's verdict. S A It , CONSEQUENCES 'EXTREMELY GRAVE' .Don't Hurt Hostages, Carter Says Mortgage rate is lowered by one lender By DOROTHY WEDDELL Free Press Real Estate Writer First Federal Savings of Detroit Friday lowered the in terest rate on a home mort gage by one-half percent across the board because the firm has more money to lend and fewer borrowers It is the first time in nearlv four vears that a minor lend ing institution in the Detroit area has lowered interest rates on home mortgages. Home buyers who pay 20 percent down on the purchase price can get a 132 percent mortgage on up to $150,000. That is the lowest conven tional mortgage rate availa ble. Mortgage rates have increased sharply since January 1976, when they were last lowered. A mortgage with 20 percent down payment was available then for 8 percent. By May 1979, the rate had risen to 1 1 percent. Last month, it was raised to 14 percent. FIRST FEDERAL'S decision was based on two factors, said Ronald A. Sinclair, senior vice-president of the firm's mortgage department. "The volume of lending has decreased more than we had projected when rates were raised a full percentage point on Oct. 24," Sinclair said. "In the meantime, our savings flow (deposits) have improved somewhat." Savings and loan institutions are not the only source of mortgages, but traditionally have accounted for the majority of lending. Banks, mortgage banking companies and the federal agencies (Federal Housing Administration and the Veterans Administration) are other lending sources. "This is good news," said Jim Danaher, president of the Grosse Pointe Real Estate Board. "Basically, it's the high interest rate that is holding up sales of homes today, so any movement downward is a good one." EXACTLY how depressed the local real estate market is today is difficult to pinpoint. Traditionally, sales are slow between Thanksgiving and the new year. This year, however, the lull began in October. Brokers report houses are taking 30 to 45 days longer to sell than they were six months ago, and few buyers are getting their asking price. Sellers of high-priced houses $90,000 and up are facing the biggest reductions in price. With a network of 57 offices including the downtown Detroit headquarters First Federal is the state's largest savings and loan and ranks seventh largest in the U.S. in terms of deposits. Mil Wmm: ' 4 ' -w- - - v I i 1 ? ' -v A P Photo Police move in on demonstrators, angry about the raid the U.S. Consulate in Calcutta, India, Friday. The takeover of the Grand Mosque in Mecca, who tried to Mecca story is on Page 4A, the India story on Page 1 9A. Young to seek federal loan of $38 million for new arena If: Free Press7 ARO YAMASAKI Main entrance to the Joe Louis Arena. By CAREY ENGLISH Free Press Staff Writer The Young administration told the Detroit City Council Friday that it will ask the federal government for a loan of up to $38 million to buy the Joe Louis Arena. The notification to the council said: "The funds made available by the loan guarantee will be used by the city to purchase the Joe Louis Arena and the associated parking garage from the Detroit Building Authority." The loan would give the city some breathing room in its drive to arrange financing for the still incomplete $57.8-millon project. EARLIER plans to raise the money by selling bonds and repaying the debt with parking revenues have run aground. The new federal loan is possible under a law allowing a municipality to borrow money against future block grants pledged by the U.S. government. Detroit anticipated receiving some $60 million in block grant funds in 1980-1981 and a comparable amount in 1981-82. The notification to the council came in a letter from the office of Emmett S. Moten Jr., director of the city's Community and Economic Development Department. It was signed by Theodore Spencer, a Moten aide. Neither Moten nor Spencer was available for comment Friday. IT WAS unclear Friday why the city wants to buy tha arena from the building authority, which also is an agency controlled by Mayor Young's administration. The letter to the council did not say how the city intends to pay back the borrowed money, although it is understood that the administration has considered using funds from a special taxing district it established last year. The council did not meet Friday. In effect, the proposal turns the pledged Hock grant money into collateral for the city. Thus, if the city fails to pay back the loan, the federal government reduces its block grant pledge by that amount. Community development block grants are spent in accordance with a plan approved by the mayor and city See ARENA, Page 6A inside today ANN LANDERS 7B BUSINESS NEWS 16-18A CLASSIFIED 6-10C COMICS 11-13C DEATH NOTICES 6C EDITORIALS 8A ENTERTAINMENT 14-15A FEATURE PAGE 7B MOVIE GUIDE 12-13C OBITUARIES 10A REAL ESTATE 1-6B SPORTS i-C STOCK MARKETS 16-18A TELEVISION 12A FRIDAY Oil firms rig world prices to gouge U.S., study reports 41i WASHINGTON (UPI) A confidential White House analysis revealed Friday concludes that a handful of big companies are pushing up oil prices in America by exercising great leverage over world markets. The Wall Street Journal said the analysis, prepared by inflation adviser Alfred Kahn's staff, suggests three possible actions to be taken by the government: Changing the federal oil price and allocation system to penalize these companies. Joining with other countries to control the spot-oil market. Establishing the federal government as the direct importer of oil to the United States. The newspaper said the report recommends trying to negotiate with the major oil companies for a voluntary lessening of their market control before taking any of these steps. But it also calls for tightening the current price guidelines on heating oil, gasoline and diesel fuel. The Wall Street Journal said the study, entitled "Inflation in Energy" and chiefly written by energy adviser Terrence O'Rourke, is part of Kahn's current investigation of the oil industry's record third-quarter profits. Its major thesis is that current federal price guidelines are unable to lower oil prices because the biggest companies have created conditions abroad that raised domestic prices, it said. "A large part of the companies' profits See BIG OIL, Page 7A President huddles with top advisers By JAMES McCARTNEY Free Press Washington Staff WASHINGTON President Carter bluntly warned Iran Friday that "extremely grave" consequences will result if a single American hostage is harmed in the embattled U.S. Embassy in Tehran. The warning came after a two-hour-and-20-minute meeting with top military and foreign policy advisers at the president's mountaintop retreat at Camp David. It was clearly meant as a response to a statement from Iran's Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini Thursday night that if the United States attacks Iran, the Islamic militants occupying the embassy will kill the 49 remaining American hostages and blow up the building. White House press secretary Jody Powell, who emerged from the Camp David meeting bearing Carter's message, said. "The president has asked that I tell you that in his view the last American hostage is just as important as the first The consequences of harm to any single hostage will be ex tremely grave." THE PRESIDENT'S warn ing represented the latest round in an escalating war of words between the top leaders of the two countries that See CARTER, Page5A Lawmaker visits 3 hostages From AP and UPI TEHRAN, Iran Iranian officials let Rep. George Han sen, R-Idaho, into the Foreign Ministry Friday to see the American charge d'affaires and two other senior U.S. envoys held there. Hansen said the captives appeared tired but well, and he was trying to visit the 49 hostages in the occupied U.S. Embassy. He said he had proposed a congressional inquiry into allegations against the shah, and is convinced after talking to Acting Foreign Minister Abolhasson Bani Sadr and others that the U.S-Iranian crisis could be resolved "by dialogue and initiatives." Iran announced it will not pay some $15 billion in foreign debts it said were run up by the regime of deposed Shah See IRAN, Page19A Redford Township parents of hostage are silent after hearing tape of son. Page )A. Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini spied on his Moslem sect for the Soviets, a Polish defector charges. Page 12C. r 1 rW1 Hansen -ft

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