Planting, fertilizing and application of a pre-emergence herbicide is quite often done in one operation. Getting the most done by one man in the shortest possible time is important in today's farming. It's part of the minimum tillage picture. SPECIAL REPORT: ^*:-^^ *•>.. ' .'•.••'-••"' ••' •.!.:,(. v ,.•. ••;«••••. hj tiHfrHfv v ^r^SKKsft/*; ,±L. •;<•. ,jU Narrow rows is another topic of itv* tense interest. Here a farmer cultivates in a field planted to both corn and soybeans in 30-inch rows. Many feel 30-inch rows are the most practical narrow width because of mechanical problems. i /I • fi "*K •*» •f. 4. ^^f r-V,^ A/ ^v- ;^ j j > v - Here's the twine that won't rot— New EASTMAN Baler Twine .irtore usable bales of hay. That's what you get with Eastman's new plastic b'aler twine because it won't rot—practically eliminates broken bales. It is also inherently resistant to mildew, weather and insects. And rodents aren't attracted to it. New Eastman Baler Twine is strong, uniform — runs smoothly through most balers—ties knots that stay tied 1 Competitively priced with domestically produced sisal twine. Eastman Baler Twine gives you over 9,000 feet per bale. Thoroughly tested on farm and in laboratory, it's made in the U.S.A. and always in dependable supply. See your nearest farm supply dealer and order a season's needs of Eastman Baler Twine today. New 18-minute movie, "Modern Hay Baling with Plastic Twine," now available to farm groups. Write: EASTMAN CHEMICAL PRODUCTS, INC.. Kingsport, Tennessee. Subsidiary of Eastman Kodak Company JALER T WlNE modern power and production methods F ARMING, like all other business, has becomi a matter of making the right decision at thi right time ... a science of matching machines and manpower to achieve maximum efficiency What are some of the major "power and pro duction" decisions today's good farmer mus! make? The subject has been well explored by sp< j cialists from the Allis-Chalmers Company and. according to the experts, the following things arc important They start their presentation by suggesting that the word "farmer" no longer properlv di scribes the role of today's men of agricuinir They are managers. Their big job is to select tiv best possible tools to work with in order to mm mize production costs and maximize profits. Trm is no small tasi. Sticking closely to corn and soybean open tions. the first major consideration is tractor pov er. How many tractors should be used in a givei operation? What size should they be? What i>the laboi situation? How much time is availabl< to drive them? How many acres of corn and beam will be planted? These are all important. So. toi is the question of whether the hired man will b< staying with vou and whether the boy will be of? to schooi One factor involved seems always to come out on top. CAPITAL IS CHEAPER THAN LABOR There are a number of studies available whicl can suggest to a farmer whether he should havt for instance, two 3-plow tractors or one 7-pW tractor. The choice depends usually upon the number of hours of use, hourly cost of labor and fixed annual costs Fewer people on a farm can take one of th< new big horsepower tractors .and end up with much better use of manpower; and greater fuel efficiency. A disadvantage, in some minds, is th< 11-thousand to 16-thousand pound weights of thi big tractors. Soil compaction becomes a consid eration. But, keep in mind it can pull six or mon bottoms, it is comfortable and easv to handli compaction is immediately broken-up There are so many things for a farmer to coi sider. He is, indeed, a manager These company experts live farming efficiency Their corn and soybean clinic presentations g<' into planting methods and techniques, as well as consideration of planting and related equipment They relay research facts that show the advantages of early planting. Many fanners displayed surprise in learning that corn should be planted during a certain early 2-week period . . . endmp early in May in most corn belt areas. Foul weatL er usually reduces the period to about 8 actual days for "ideal planting." Not getting the corn in early can easily reduce vields bv 10 percent. On a hundred acres, yielding 80 bushels per acn this is $800 The planting discussion also included such things as use of a 24 cell planter plate which slows down rotation speed and gains a better chance of filling again. Then there's planter flexibility . the weight factor, the size and efficiency of the planter attachments, use of squadron hitches and. with "big tractor power." the use of dolh hitches to be able to double up operations each time across the fiekl What Is Minimum Tillage? Here. oJ course, we are talking about the art of doing several things with each pass across th< field to cut down on labor and other operating COS! s. indeed, farming is a business of making very important management decisions The strong tendency is to ever narrowing rows in corn and soybeans. Coupled with this trend is increased use of chemicals for weed and insect control and minimum tillage to just generally cut down on production costs. It is not at all uncommon todav to see a farmer enter a fall plowed field in the spring with a mounted cultivator on a big tractor, trailing a 6-row wheel track planter with fertilizer attachments and a boom spray rig at the rear to apply a pre-emergence herbicide or insecticidi Many ask ... "Why are we talking 30-inch rows and not narrower 0 " . . . The experts answer . . . "It's sort of like why we had 40-inch rows for so long . . . that's how wide the horse's rear was. Today, to get proper power use. a wide tractor tire is needed . . . perhaps a 17-inch tire. When soybeans start getting bushy, to go into the field means to run over plant foliage in extremely narrow planted rows. And, sometimes it is riecessarv, in order to get maximum yields, to break that crust or get rid of the weed- Farming Is Complicated Farming gets more complicated every year. But, the changes are of the kind that the average farmer can accept as necessary and progressive. Farm experts will have an ever increasingly important role in supplying our farmers with advice and technological data on how to KEEP UP with the major changes that will keep him in business in years to com< You used to hear the statement . . "Get big or get out." Perhaps the trend continues to larger farming units, but the statement that one hears more often now is ... "Get efficient or go brokt Now in Pfizer's New Vitamin A-D-E Emulsifiable: 25% more "D" than in most others. And enough "A" in one dose to last up to three months or longer. All at no extra cost! Use it on your beef or dairy cattle, sheep, swine or horses. This new vitamin injectable from Pfizer delivers 500,000 units of vitamin A in each cc. —5 times more than most old-fashioned oil- based formulas. - j\, It also supplies 100,000 units of vitamin D 2 in each cc.— 25% more than most other leading brands. You get the 50 units of vitamin £ per cc. as an added bonus. Yet it costs no more than most other emul- sifiables. And its water-based formula solves a couple of other problems. Because it's more compatible with body tissues, it reduces the chance of abscesses often caused by oil carriers. Too, it doesn't get tied up at the injection site like older products. More of the vitamin A moves to the liver fast where it's stored for long-range availability. Here's how to use it on beef or dairy animals: Give each calf % to I cc.; each yearling 1 to 2 cc.; each mature animal 2 to 4 cc. And that's it. You've helped eliminate vitamin A worries for up to 3 months at a time without « change in feeding or management practices. And treated vitamin D 2 deficiencies that could cause bone-stunted animals. And helped prevent vitamin E deficiencies that may contribute to white muscle disease. Get Pfizer's new Vitamin A-D-E Injectable Emulsifiable at your animal health supplier. Available in 30- and 100-cc. vials. Science for the world's well-beinf Agricultural Division Chas. Pfizer & Co., Int. New York. N. Y. 1001"
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