Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana on April 26, 1894 · Page 4
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Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana · Page 4

Logansport, Indiana
Issue Date:
Thursday, April 26, 1894
Page 4
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•'•.^..S'?!r i -"?.' ;< . i '. ';> John Gray's "CORNER" ON FIVE CENT GOODS. LOOK IN OUR NORTH WINDOW AND SEE HOW MANY USEFUL ARTICLES YOU CAN BUI" FOR FIVE CENTS. WE WILL SELL YOU MORE GOOD GOODS FOR A NICKLE OR A DOLLAR THAN ANY OTHER HOUSE IN THIS PART OF THE STATE. COME AND SEE US. J,W. Henderson* Sons •AWUFAOTCKEK8 OF FURNITURE, «ND UPHOLSTERS. Ho. 320 Fourth Street, tOGANSPORT. IND. FACTOR V: *os. 5,7 and 9 Fiftn Street. ft M. BOZER, D. D. S. DENTIST. IM "Hale Painless Metrtod" used in toe nillnfl of leetti. •tflee Over State National Bank '•rner Fourth and and Broadway It's tie Part of Wisdom. Time* roar be hard and money close but HNM things nave their compensation. We can Mil you watcbei and will, at very close figure* to fit In* money. Come and see what you can do with Hale money. I am unions to sell not only watcher, but other goods. Diamonds, Clocks, •Urtfwarf, Spectacles and Novelties. I am tftni lor tne title Safe and Lock Co., Cincinnati Ohio. Call and see a small sample, D. A. HAUK, JEWELER AND OPTICAN. VANDALIA LINE. •trutus Leave L,o«anBport, lad. rOB THE MOUTH. 40, *S, Is. Son, 10.35 A. M. For St. Joieph. M. 8.40 P. M. " 80Trth Bend, FOB TDK SOUTH. •o U, Bz. San. 7.3-1 A. M. For Terre H»nW, •• M " II.M P. M. •BUly except S, Wot templet* Time Cud, giving til Into* and •Man*, nod tor foil Information u to MtM iKnun otn, rto., it ». C, EDGEWORTH, Aflent, < IDD DAILY JOURNAL PnbUintd eierj (Joy Ir the wffk (fjtcfp Monday bj tfla LOSAKSPOHTIJOUWAL CO. Price pep Annum Price per Month $6.00 . 50 TH* OFFICIAL PAPER OF THE Cur. [Intend AD «econd-claia matter at the Logans- pott Post Office, February 8, 1888-1 THURSDAY MORNING, APRIL 26. THE DEMOCRATS HAVE FIVE MEMBERS OF THE COUNCIL AND WITH THE MAYOR'S VOTE CAN CONTROL THE BODY.—Pharos, 6th PROMINENT capitalists of Lafayette ; who IM« year were making 1 such a , bowl about the supply •( gas giving OUtbftve just Invested $208,000 in a company to put In a pipe line from the Indiana fields to Ohio towns. The "howl" bad Us effect and the Lafay- *«tt» council gravely reported that the \fM (uppV was about exhausted and •Ten attempted to report on the Lo: fkneport caee In Us anxiety to aid $thMe capitalists. Those of the Lafay- |«tt« council who were honeit mutt be ply mortified and those who were f not mutt feel that they are completely Vixporcd by thit new Investment of ; th«f« gai capltallita. And thU tame Investment la a great vindication of the Logonsport Journal I of the Loganiport council. HON. W, D. OWEN'S NOMINATION. Hon. W. D. Owen received the republican nomination for Secretary of State on tho fourth ballot. This result was not unexpected because it was logical. The secretary of State heads the State ticket and ths deep, vital Interest arouflod in national affairs during tho past year has made every election, however insignificant, national In its character. The utter failure of the present administration to accomplish anything, or even to stem tho backward tide has filled thonsanda of voters with a deep seated burning desire to go on record at the polls. With this sentiment prevail, ing it was natural that all eyes should seek the candidate best qualified by experience and ability to load a succosful campaign on national issues. Without any any disparagement to the able candidates in competition it must bo said that the convention did the natural thing in its action and the Journal will predict that the public will be unanimous in this sentiment before tho campaign is over. The campaign under this leadership will be the most enthusiastic ever conducted in Indiana, ''Billy" Owen has a personality that is magnetic and an oratory that la thrilling. He is in favor of prosperous times and a man who advocates that these days is eloquent if he cannot talk at all. Cass county and the Tenth district is honored by the action of the convention and congratulates Mr. Owen on his successful contest. HENBY C. CALDWELL. The Judge Who Stands for the BightB of Labor. A Man of StcrllnB Churncter niul Iffuoh Lenrnlns—Altlioueli l!orn In Vlreiiila, JIo In a Westerner In All IIIn Sympathies. FOR A PHAKOS STATEMENT A TEXT. The Journal editor stated confidentially to a friend that be worked hard to defeat the nomination ot Mr. Vaughn.—Pharos. Now, Benny, you know this was manufactured in the Pharos office. You know that men do not talk confidentially to people who at once hetray confidences and you know that tbo Journal talks openly to everybody. Did you know that thin community said that It couldn't believe a word It saw In the Pharos and that 11 never knew the Journal to attempt to deceive or mislead It? That's what they say, Benny, democrats and all. Now you say that "This year will show an expenditure of something like $100,000, the largest sum over expended in a single year. One-third of this vast sum has gone Into Erie avenue." You know that this isn't so, Bonny. If Erie avenue is so bad what is the use of lying about it? Preachers don't feel tempted to lie about hell. They show it up and thore It is. Erie Avenue cost about $17,000 at the most and $6,000 of this was paid by adjacent property holders. The property purchased, laid o.ut in lots, would sell for from $12,000 to $17,000; tho street will be the moat useful in the city. Tell the truth, and if the people object to the expenditure you will make capital out |;of it. It was a Democratic Council that ordered it, and If It waa extravagant, show It up. The people have found out by stern reality what the truth is about the tariff. Lying don't go any more, and we are sorry for you, Benny, when you attempt to work the old racket. Give us a square deal. Come out for the people and the right. Tell the truth, Benny, and God bless you. Judge Henry C. Caldwcll, of tho Eighth United States judicial district, who has just rendered a decision of national interest and importance in the Union Pacific railroad case, is a thorough western man, although he is bv birth a Virginian. The Kansas City Star, which publishes a sketch of Judge Culdwcll, states that he has lived on tho other side of tho Mississippi rivor since 18;i(>— a long time, and p, period that has witnessed a growth of a wilderness inhabited almost solely by Indians to a populous and prosperous empire that no longer knows tho red man. lie came of hnrdy Scotch- Irish stock and was born over three score years ago in that part of Virginia now included in West Virginia, When a lad of four years his parents moved across the wilderness to tho westward and located in the southern part of the territory of Wisconsin, now a. part of the state of Iowa. Tho red man was then supreme ruler of this great western domain, and the lad becamo thoroughly familiar with the characteristics, language, customs and traditions of the Indians. After the subjugation of tho noted Sac, lilack Hawk, tho chief pitched his tepeo near tho cabin of Caldwull, parent. Tho boyhood of the present judge was chiefly given over to toil. What books he was able to secure he devoured eagerly. At the ago of seventeen he began' the study of law in an ofllce at Keosauqua, la., and three years later was admitted to practice. At the afro of twenty-four he was prosecuting attorney of his district, and at twenty- six was sent to the legislature. He served as chairman of the house judiciary committee during two sessions. The civil war breaking out, he threw aside everything to eral cords are drawn across the road »t intervals along tho route, and tho to- roads on tho bridegroom's purso we thus considerable. JAPANESE METHODISTS. Will Build • Ten Tliouimml Dollar Church In San PnuiclBco. Tho Japanese Methodist church of San Francisco has had plans drawn for a $10,000 church building to bo erected on Pine street between Hyde and Larkin streets. It will bo modern Gothic in architecture, with a frontage, of fifty feet, and will be two stories high. Highest of all in Leavening Power.—Latest U. S. Gov't Report y Baking _ Powder ABSOLUTELY PURE than a minute there was blister on tn The first floor will contain four man's hand, ami in loss than thru Sunday school rooms, a lecture room, a library, a kitchen, two rooms for tho use of tho sexton and u storeroom. The Sunday school rooms will be connected with the lecture room by sliding 1 doors, and in case of largo gatherings ean bo thrown into one assembly room 'with a seating- capacity of 300. The second story will be occupied by the auditorium, pastor's study and rn- REPUBLICAN TICKET. For Mayor, GEORGE P. MoKEB. Kor Treasurer, ED. BABNKTT. For Clerk, J. B. WINTKHS. yor Wnter Work« Trustees, THOMAS AUSTIN and GEORGE L1NTON. Tor Coimcllroen, First Ward-CHARLES BINGLEBEN. Second Wiml-GEORtJE W. HAIGH. Third Ward-WILLIAM KEISEB, Fourth Ward-J. 0. HADLEY, Fifth Ward-JOS. KENNET. HENRY CLAY CAXDWELI,. enter- the sorvice and was enrolled as major of tho Third Iowa cavalry. Subsequently he becamo colonel of the regiment, succeeding Gen. liussey, assistant secretary of the interior during Mr. Harrison's administration. As an officer he was intrepid, energetic and efficient, and would probably have attained high rank had not President Lincoln taken him from tho ranks to serve as tho First district judge of Arkansas. The appointment was made in 1804, and Judge Caldwell retained the office until March, 1890, when he succeeded David J. Brewer, of Kansas, as circuit judge. As presiding officer of the federal court In Arkansas ho made his name as n jurist; His court was tho first to pass upon the many questions arising out of the civil war, and the justice and evenness of his decisions are shown in tho fact that not one of: his opinions carried to the United States supreme court was overruled. Since his elevation to the position of United States circuit jndge his duties have been enormous. His district, which in extent Is about one-fourth of the area of tho United States, excepting Alaska, includes Missouri, Kansas, Iowa, Nebraska, Minnesota, North and South Dakota, Wyoming, Colorado and Arkansas, ten states in all. When tho varied interests and pursuits of the people living In this vast area ore considered it will be seen how broad should be the mind and knowledge of its federal judicial officer. Uldeit Coal Mine In America. When wo consider the fact that tho whole eastern range of mountains, those natural barriers that were first encountered by the European explorers in Arnorica, are regularly stratified with several seams of coal, both anthracite and bituminous, wo cannot help expressing surprise when tho historian informs us that the first American coal mine was discovered in what Is now the state of Illinois. In Hennepin's account of his explorations in the west in tho years 1078-84, he tells of an outcrop of coal on the Illinois river, not far from Ottawa, "tho shelly fragments of which burned with a bright light, and gave forth much heat." Hernedon says that thls,is tho flrsthistorical mention of coal being found in what is now tho United States. urn NEW JAPANESE ccption rooms on either side of the vestibule. The auditorium will bo 40x00 feet and will have a seating 1 capacity of 400. A gallery will run across the front of the building to the back of the auditorium. The pulpit, paws and entire interior of the auditorium will be finished in highly polished redwood in nirtural colors. The building will be unique in its way and unlike any other structure in tho city. In general effect it will strongly suggest the Japanese, but in outline it will belong to the Christian Gothic school. The Japanese Methodist church was organized in 188C by Rev, 0. Gibson. Tho church no w numbers 800 members. JAMES D. YEOMANS. C*r*er of th« Now Member of the Inter- Itnte Commerc* Commission. State Senator James D. Yeomans, of Sioux City, la., was born in Cattaraugus county, N. Y,, forty-eight yea^s ago. Ho had the advantages of a fair common and high school education. His first experience in the railroad business was as an office boy when he was eighteen years old. Ho rapidly advanced to tho position of superintendent, serving 1 as brakeman, con- flnctor, and in all intermediate grades. For several years ho was superintendent of tho Buffalo, New York & Philadelphia Railroad company. During the war he served in important railway positions in military operations, his ability in operative work being highly valued. In 1870 ho became a member of the railroad contracting firm of Craige, Railer & Ycomans, of Buffalo, N. Y., which built many lines of road in Michigan, the ore docks at Marquetto and other important works in tho northwest. He came to Sioux City in 1889 in order to look personally after his prop- l of Wedding Toll. A curious but rather inconvenient custom of exacting toll from newly married couples appears to survive at Wllsden, Enfr., in the Bradford district. The other day a marriage took place in the Congregational chapel, and on tho happy pair emerging from tho building they found the way to their waiting cab barred by a number of women who had tied their aprons together and stretched them across the gateway. When these were satisfied with a douceur nnd the cab waa gained, progress was again hindered by a couple of carters who had drawn their teams across the road and who also exacted toll. Sometimes, it appears, sev- IIOJT. JAJfES D. 1-EOMANS. erty interests In the west. ^leis an ei- tonslvo farmer and stock raiser. Two years ago he was elected to the sttvto senate from that county, although his residence had been short. He is a lifelong democrat and was prominent in New York politics, having 1 been an intimate personal and political friend of President Cleveland and Postmaster General Blssell. Very Trying to the N«rTo». "I saw an amusing experiment in Kansas City recently," saiil Henry Weller, of Oraftha, to a St. Louis Globe- Domocrat.reporter. "Some one stated that no man could stand a quart ot water dropped on to his hand, drop by drop, from a height of 2 or;! feet. A bystander bet $20 to SI that he could, nnd tho wacer was accepted. In less miuutcs hiK f:icc fravc evidence of in tense .snfferinjr. JJc-fore a pint ha been dropped ho ^uvu up exluuistec and ilosci-ilicd Liu: wus:Hion ;LS th most terrible one he h:ul cvor c.xpor! enced. The man who pockoted tin: S- offered Lo give odds of 810 to SI that n one conld stand a pin I of water droppui on his liuail drop I>y drop. When h could get no taUurs lie vohmtuerud th statement, that no one- could have £oin through tho ordoal and retained hi reason, a statement nobody prcst-'ii seemed qualilied or anxious to contra diet." THE SECRET OF STEEL. HuDtnuBB anil tho Modnrn I'roccs* MHliufiiCturc. To the question "What is steel?" many answers have linen given. J5e fore the discovery of the liessemer process it would have been defined as : compound of iron and carbon, includ ing from % to "% per cent, of the lat ter, which could be hardened, soft ened, tempered, drawn ond welded Capacity of tempering and wcldinp still fix the advanced limit of steel, bu at the lower end oi the scale it has dropped from IK percent, of carbon to 1-10, thereby enormously multiplyin. its uses and applications. The causes and processes which have effected thi; advance in metallurgy have create' many of the world's most important industries. In the primitive apes of metallurgy iron and steel were marie from ricli ores with charcoal fuel, and the iron- maker did not need to trouble himself with the stubborn problems offered bj the presence of sulphur ami phosphorus. Kut with the exhaustion of the rich ores which were available for use, and the need of substituting mincra! fuel for charcoal, tliesu danp-erous enemies came to the fore. The presence of sulphur, beyond a mere trace, in any of the forms of iron destroys its weld infr power, and renders it highly brittle at a red heat, or, technically, "red short." Phosphorus causes brittlcness when cold; that is, makes iron "cold short," and fragile at any sudden shock. When steel ceased to be a direct product of tho forg-e, or to be made in any larpe quantity from pure bloomary iron, the question arose how it could be obtained from the impure and highly car- buri/.ed product of the blast-furnace. This was answered by the operation of reficinp, which did not fully eliminate the evils that threatened, affording but » makeshift product for the i-aw material of steel. The imperfectly cleansed bars were then treated by tho cementation method. It was known more than two centuries ago that wrought iron enveloped in powdered charcoal and retained at a red heat for a long- time would gradually change into steel. Until 1740 this process was used, with the further addition of reheating the "blister-steel" so produced, and hammering it into what was known as "shear-metal," so called because it was first used for sheep-shears. But the product was wretched, and good highly temperablc steel was imported from the far east at groat cost. A working clock-maker. Huntsman by name, disgusted with tho poor quality ot watch-springs, sut his brains at work to find a remedy. IJeing-a bright- wilted man, he visited the different steel-works and studied the chemistry of his subject; and after several years of research he erected a furnace, which produced steel no excellent as to stir universal wonder and set his own feet on the highway to wealth. But his secret was filched by a rival, who, in the disguise of a drunken tramp, begged Ishelter at his furnace door one stormy winter night. The keen-eyed thief discovered enough in what he saw and heard to repeat Huntsman's suc- qess. The best steel of to-day is still made by this process. This discovery, in the course of a few years, reduced the price of the highest grade of uteel from £1,000 to £100. per ton. The cementation method of steel- making with Huntsman's addition, may be briefly summarized as the packing of wroug-ht-iron bars in charcoal dust. They are cemented in a fire brick chamber, and suffer a dull-red heat for a period of about ten days, Removal of the bars shows the pe culiar condition known as blist«r-steel, so called from the swellings on tho surface, which are caused by tho occlu sion of carbonic oxide. The metal is hard and brittle, and breaks easily with a hammer-tap. The following stage is that discovered, or, more prop erly, revived, by Huntsman, for it was essentially in use in the east from early days Broken pieces are packed in crucibles of from sixty to eighty pounds capacity, with certain propor- Awaroed Hfghest Honors-World's Fair. D*PRICE'S Baking Powder Tlie only Pure Cream of Tartar Powder.—Mo Ammonia; No Alum, Used in Millions of JJ->mes—40 Years the Standard tions of black oxide or manganese. The crucibles arc made of refractory clay, graphite, ami old pots pounded to a dust, and their manufacture i* no\v an important industry in itself. The pots :irran^ed in pairs in furnaces, the openings of which are level with tin; Hoor of the casting-house, while each furnace has a separate flue fed by powerful forced draught. When tho steel is thoroughly melted, the pots are withdrawn from the furnace, and their contents emptied into moulds. The lifting of the crucibles is a picturesque si^ht. The workmen are swathed in musses of woolen rags saturated with water from head to foot, with wet sponges held in the teeth and masking the nostrils. As they arapplc ihe incandescent pots they are enveloped in walls of white flame, which shoot from the furnace twenty feet in height inenormous. volume. The rapidity of the operation, insures safety to the workman. The case-hardening- of wrought iron (which is merely a transformation of the surface iuto steel) depends on a law allied to that of cementation. The iron is heated in charcoal, or some organic- matter like leather, for a brief period, thus receiving- a surface charge of carbon. The Harvey process for hardening a superficial depth of a mild steel armor-plate, of which the world haa heard much during the last two yaars, is-based on a closely-analogous principle.— Harper's Magazine. —Among the Greeks there was onc» a prevalent fashian of composing lipo- gra.mmatic works or works from whioh a particular letter of the alphabet had been purposely omitted. One Try- phiodorns wrote an odyssey from the first book of which he excluded the letter Alpha, from the second Beta, and so on through the entire alphabet. Fulgentius, the Latin witer, wrotAa similar work,the first chapter of which. has not a single A, the second no B, and so on. —John was an extremely popular- Hebrew name, signifying the grace of God or the gracious gift of GoH. Dr. Kilmer's SWAMP-ROOT M. H. McCOT, Van Wert. Ohio. Acted like Magic! Suffered Years with Kidneys and lifer,, LIFE WAS A BURDEN! Mr. McCoy Is a wealthy and Influential clti- BCH of Van Wcrt, and a man known for miles- around. Sec what he says :— For ycnra I wax a terrible sufferer with KM- cy and Liver trouble, also ncnron* pro«- ratlon and poor health In general. I •as all run down and life n burden. I tried »I»y«lcl»nii and every available remedy, but ound no relief. Was induced to give wamp-Hoota trial, which acted like magic,,, nd to-dny I am entirely cured and as good man as ever. It is without question the rcalcut reined}- in the world. Any one In OUbt of this statement can address mo below." H. McCOY, Van Wcrt, Ohio. 4*R,«VVZ^ CiiBrMlce — Too contonta of One- •WAral Bnottlt' If vou w-u cot ItcnollU'd, Drvfp. d *k» " Hh-ist will rahind to Jo* Ifcopriw pi>ld. J[^ \* ••Inv.illd.' Omttf t*H»llk n tn* CuuxultaUon free, Dr. Kllmwi Co., Blnehiimton, X. T.' At Dr.ntaU, Mr. »d *!.«« MM. ir. Kilmer's FAKO-LA. LIVXB FILM are the best. 42 pi IB, 25 cents. WHAT DO YOU GRAIN, PROVISIONS and STOCKS, bought and sold on limited margins. We accept discretionary orders on the tilwre and will glre our cn»- t >mern who have not the time to look alter then- own Interests the benefit of our 30 years ence in "SI-ECULATJON." Hulse's ManmU for speculators sent tree on rewlpt of two cent. stamo. Correspondence solicited. JAMES G.. HULSE & CO., 453455 Eookery, Chicago. STORAGE. For storage in large or small; quantities, apply to W. D. PRATT. Pollard & Wilson warehouie. FREE FADING ROOM, Open Dally and Evenlnu, 616 Broadway. Welcome to AIL

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