Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on August 20, 1946 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

Hope, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Tuesday, August 20, 1946
Page 1
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-; •: . - Government Is Probing Klan Revival (First of a scries of articles'). Washington, Aug. 19 —(/P>— The Justice Department has announced its investigating report of revival of Ku Klux Klan activity 1ft seven states. There are indications it will spread its inquiry over at least three more states. The national KKK broke up or at'least went under ground in 1944, whether Fedreal Government sued it for delinquent taxes. Various : . state klans continued, however. The justice department's civil rights section wants to know' whether any of them arc violating federal laws. Officials say frankly they expect an upsurge of klan .activity. Attorney General Clark said in ai speech at Philadelphia that "no quarter will shown if violations of federal law arc uncovered. The seven states where invest gatons are under way arc Georgia, Florida, Michigan, New York, California, Tennessee and Mississippi. The Associated Press asked its correspondents to interview state officials and acknowledged klan officials in order to form a picture of the status of the klan in those States. Tennessee's governor Jim Me- <2ord told the AP Nashville correspondent that "so-far as Iknow, there is no klan operation in Tennessee." Acting governor fielding Wright. of Mississippi expressed surprise at his state's being mentioned; He said the klan was inactive there, and an A check of other sources (Juled to disclose any traces. The Wan is not incorporated.'in Mississippi either. ' Far more evidence wa^ available in the other five states. The reports of correspondents- there wiir appear in this newspaper .on succeeding days this week. One of the other states in which it is possible the justice department will investigate may be Kentucky. The State's Attorney General. Eldon S. Dummit, recently filed a suit' to revoke the Man's state charter. Afterwards he told reporters he had received 50 odd Ibttcrs, many attacking his motives in filing the suit. 1. A statewide gathering of Georgia delegates' from the CIO Textile Workers' Union of America charged that the klan "has beaten and killed labor organizers, wrecked union halls and acted as vigilante groups in 6 times of atrikes." 2. Georgia's Assistant Attorney onei-al Daniel Duke said at a news conference ho had found photographs and literature establishing links between the German- American bund and klansmen before the war. 3. The American federation of labor has charged that four masked men representing themselves as. klansmen kidnaped and beat a Georgia Negro when he refused to quit a union. 4. The Justice Department is studying a complaint that the klan cooperated with certain local officials in a Florida city to prevent Negroes from moving into a Ijousing project. • 5 Another complaint being investigated alleges that a group of hooded men warned Negroes in a Georgia county against voting. How can the Federal ovcrn- ment act? The. Justice Department says violations of the federal election laws or of two civil rights statutes would permit federal prosecution. One of the Civil Rights statutes makes it illegal to conspire to deprive a person of his 1 Civil Rights. Another makes it a.federal offense tor a state official to use his 'office ito; deprive an individual ~ of Federal Rights guaranteed by the Constitution. The department says any evidence involving violations of state laws will be turned over to the state officials. Justice department officials say the klan is being stimulated in part by what they call "the aftermaths of war' 'such as congested living conditions and the dislocation of populations. They add the factor of Negro voting in the south. Reservations to University Grid Games Halted Fayettcville, Aug. 19—MVr Ai;- ceptance of ticket reservations for the University of Arkansas-Rice football game at Little Rock Nov. 9 will be discontinued indefinitely after tomorrow, Razorback Athletic Business Manager Glen Rose announced today. Rose said that 4,000 reservations already had been made for this game and that no more than 5,000 tickets would be sold in advance. "We must determine how many seats we must save for students and holders of complimentary tickets before any more advance sales are made," he explained. "Most of the tickets which will be availabcl for the general public at the gate after reservations and Btudcnt tickets total about 10.000 will be between the 30-yard line and the goal line and in the end- zones," Publicity Director Red Davis said. Reservations, request for which average between 50 and 75 daily, for other home games to date arc: Northwestern Louisiana State, 696; Baylor, 1.065; Ole Miss Cat Memphis) 1,025; Southern Methodist, 1,362. GREEDY THIEF Philadelphia, Aug. 19 — (/P>—The man who came to dinner in Arno Katz' hotel room was not only unir vited—but unappreciated. Katz, manager of the Commodore hotel here, picked up his suit at thi cleaners, returned to his room am ordered his meal sent up. In th meantime he went downstairs to attend to some guests. When he returned he found some one had entered his room, eate his rneal, and taken his newly- pressed suit. GOOt RECEPTION Baltimore. Aug. 19 — — Mrs. Charlotte Wining, 33, was charged in police court with assaulting a policeman— with an electric fan. Patrolman Charles Lambdin reported that when he went to Mrs. Wiring's home to investigate a complaint, the irate housewife threw the running fan at him. He syas treated at mercy hospital t'Jt a tut fjyg'jf. '_*!«— HOPI STAR, HO PI. ARKANSAS Monday, BACK TO SCHOOL Needs From Robison's Have you thought about school days? Well, they are almost here again. You'll need many new clothes whether you are going to school here or going away to school. You'll find new merchandise at ROBISON'S to help complete your wardrobe. Come in today and make your selection. Boys Sport Suits Sport jackets with pants to match. Ideal for school wear. Sizes 10 to 18. 17.40 Sport Jackets Just the thing to wear with your slacks. Sizes 36 to 42. 10.98 to 14.85 Boys Suits Be sure you see these. Buy now for school wear. Sizes 33 to 37. 15.00 to 22.50 Leather Jackets Select your coat or jacket while our stock is complete. Coat, Jacket and Aviator styles. Sizes 4 to 18, 34 to 48. 12.95 29°85 2 PC. Wool Suits Smart, new all wool suits with Eisen- houser Jacket, also regular suits in bright pastel shades for Fall. wear. Just the suits for School, wear. Sizes 9 to 17. 15.40 to 21.00 All Wool Skirts Plaids, checks and stripes in bright new fall shades. Sizes 1 to 6, 7 to 14. 1.98 to 5.98 All Wool Blouses Smart, pretty all wool blouses in all new colors. Many styles. This is a must for your Fall wardrobe. 5.98 to 7.98 All Wool Junior Dresses Gay Gibson and June Bcntly junior dresses for Fall wear. These will make a hit on any campus. Good rangc;.of sizes. 14.85 & 16.75 New Sweaters Sloppy Joes and Sloppy Sues in both long and short sleeves. Slip over and button styles. Pastel shades, black and white. 2.98 to 6.98 Fall Piece Goods We have a complete selection of pretty Fall piece goods in woolens, checks, plaids, stripes and solid colors. 1.98 to 5.98 yd. ) V ~. Pretty Soxs Phoenix and Munsing Soxs in all colors and sizes. Shoes For Boys Come in and see these smart school shoes. They have style and are really comfortable. Built for service. Most sizes. 3.98 & 5.00 25c to 49c ,~, •»•»* Children's Brown Moccasins Just the shoes you'll need to start school with. Sizes 12)/2 to 3. Only 2.48 Buy Your Blankets Now Part Wool and All Wool Blankets Come in and select your new blankets now and use our Convenient Lay-A-Way Plan. We will hold it and when you need it it will be sent to you at school. 3.79 to 19.85 Use Our Lay-A-Way Plan A small deposit will hold your blanket until you are ready for it. Childrens Shoes Childrens sport saddle oxfords in brown and white. Just the shoes for school wear. Sizes 12 to 3. 2.48 " Girls Oxfords •You'JJ |ik e these' shoes for school. Brown and white saddle oxfords. Good range of sizes. 3,98 Geo. W. Robison 6* Co. HOPE The leading Department Store Nashville Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor Alex. H. W.shburn United States Following Road of Great Britain 4> If you have an interest in history the fact hasn't escaped >ou In daily reading of the newspapers that our country is slowly but inirely following the course of Great Brilani in world affairs. By that I do not mnan eurcent foreign policy. Rather, 1 moan that both Britain and the United States started off as insular powr-rs, found their isolation blasted to bits —and, literally in self-defense, had to go put and interest themselves In foreign policy all over the world. i The Brilish have been a nalion Wand a governmenl for nigh onto a thousand years. All their early history was thai of an isolated kingdom, the few miles of water in the English Channel being sufficient to allow them lo talk about oilier guys without becoming Immediately involved in war. The European continent eventually blasted thai isolation. The American transitional experience is more recent, of course. Well into the memory of this gen cration America was believed to ^f be protected by a 3,000-mile ocean on one side— a 9,0(10-milc sea oh the other. World War II forevct destroyed that insularity, climaxec by the invention of the atom bomb England use to quarrel over gco graphy and political influence ir the Balkans and at Turkey's Dar- r'ancllos. Nosv America is ovci there. And this morning's papers re port—well, you guessed it: Amcr .ica is quarreling with the Balkans j»nd is telling Turkey she will op pose Russia's demand for the Dar j? dancllcs. + * -k By JAMES THRASHER Is Owlet Policy 'Realistic'? Il^is often said, in explanalioi or extenuation of Soviet govern mcnt policies, that the Russians arc "realists"—practical politicians who know what they wanl and go after il without too much diplomatic subtlety. Recently there have been a few dissenting opinions. Brooks Atkinson of the New York Times, for one, brought from Russia the impression that Soviet leaders arc confused and uncertain, due to a one-sided education .and lack of Hope Star WEATHER FORECACT Arkansas: Fair and mild this afternoon, tonight and Wednesday. 47TH YEAR: VOL. 47—NO. 263 Star of Hooe. 1«99: Press. 1927. Consolidated January 18. 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, AUGUST 20, 946 ,'ft?h~ M . e . Qns Associated Press (NEA)—Means Newsoaoer Enterorlse Ass'n. PRICE 5c COPr OPA Decision on Meat, Dairy Control Tonight By MARVIN L. ARROWSMITH Washington, Aug. 20 —(/I 1 )— The nation learns tonight whether such major dinner - table items as meats, milk and butter arc boing oacK under price ceilings. As the climax ot nine days of searching study, the price decontrol board will announce its decision at IIDOUI 7 p. m. (Kaslcrn Standard Time). U. S., Britain Join Forces in Opposition to Concessions to Russia in the Dardanelles The board plans to say whether By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER Washington, Aug. 20 —(/I 1 )— The Unilcd Slates and Great Britain have decided to meet Russia squarely on the issue of the Dardanelles. (A foreign offices spokesman in London said France had joined the United Slates and Britain in expressing to .Russia unqualified opposition lo Soviet proposals for sharing with Turkey the militarv control of straits. A copy of Inl- French note to Russia has been sent to Brilain, Turkey, and the United Slates, he said. An in- ccilmgs will DC restored on live stock, dairy products, grai s, cotton seed, soy beans and hundreds of products dcrivc'l from these basic commodities. At 9 p. in. (ES'n, the three members will explain in an all- network radio broadcast why they _j formed government source in Lon decided as they ctio. However, oven if hoard •a.- knowledge This view of the Outside world, would seem to be orders controls re-established on any of the items involved, tnc new ceilings will not become elieclivc until Friday, OPA boss Paul Porter announced last night. "A little time, therefore, is necessary for business to readjust itself lo such reconlrol as ihc board may order and to permit ihc (OPA) administrator -io determine what specified changes in the price regulations may be required by the decision of the board." This means. OPA officials said, that if the board orders re-establishment of controls, OPA will defer until Wednesday or Thursday any announcement of what the ceilings will be. Prior to Porter's action, .any controls restored by the board would rave becnmn effective to- mororw! Thus, OPA would have lad to fllw up the bard's an-etanoi lad to follow up the board's announcement immediately with a schedule of ceiling prices. The two-day postponement also will apply, OPA said, in the unlikely event the board fails to make a ruling on one or more ot the five categories of commodities. strengthened by Andrei Gromyko's recent elaboration of Russia's previously slated position on the nues- tinn of atomic energy control. If Russia instead of the United States were sole possessor of "a proven, workable atomic bomb, the Soviet position might be considered realistic, or even ruthless, attempt production of atomic If Russia has never intended to bombs— which is to be- doubled /from some slv.tcments by Mr. Stalin and Mr. Molotov— this at- tiludc could be ascribed to an admirable trust in slslor nations never exhibited by the Soviet Union up lo now. Bui since Uie first hypothesis don predicted that an International conference, with the United Stales represented, would be called on the Dardanelles this year). In a cards on the table gesture, this country .already has informed Moscow that it is flatly opposed to Soviet demands for a voice in the military control of that highly im portant water link between the Mediterranean and the Black Sea. Furthermore, diplomatic officials who reported this action said Groat Britain will take the same step, if she hasn't already done so. Thus Ihc Iwo big western powers are siding firmly with Turkey, current guardian of the Dardanelles, upon whom Russia has served two highly unpalatable demand: 1. That the straits should be jointly defended by Turkish and Soviet forces, and 2. That further control policies should be laid down by agreement among the Black Sea powers alone. To the first demand this country is said to have objected on the ground Ihal it virtually would mean granting the Soviet Union military bases in the straits. And because Turkey and Russia arc the principal Black Sea pow- Guardla 1 ers, the second point reportedly named was rejected because of fears that Russia would be able to dominate the smaller nation on any major issue. The Montreaux treaty which governs control of the watciway currently gives Turkey the right lo bear passage of warships of any country during lime of war. Secretary of State Byrnes, however, has declared that the United States is willing to back Russia in any request for unlimited transil rights for'her war and merchant ships at all times. This presumably is what the State Department had in mind in advising Orekhov that the United States would be happy to attend a n y international conference called lo consider revising the Montreaux treaty. Alone this same line the note was said to emphasize that this country feels the entire issue of future control should be settled in full accord with United Nations principles. These call for broad international agreement among all nations concerned. • ' Great Britain is vitally interested in the straits because of her farflung Mediterranean interests. And British friendship for Turkey has been traditional. Indications arc that the dccison to eject Moscow's two-week old demands upon Ankara w.as reached at a Whtc House conference last wce.k at which top arm and navy officials as well as cabi- Morgan Released From Duties as UNRRA Director London, Aug. 20 —(/P)— The Wai- office announced today that Lt. Gen. Sir Frederick Morgan had been released from his duties as UNRRA's chief of displaced persons operation in Germany. Morgan created a sensation last Guardla had challenged an un- n a mod "high source," quoted in authoritative press dispatches, to prove a statement that Soviet Russia was using UNRRA as a means of gathering information in western Allied territory. Morgan had not been specifically named as the "high authorila- tivc source," but there had- been 1 speculation in the press that the statement was attirbutable to him. Mogan created a sensation last winter with a statement that there was an organized, well - financed ,exodus of Jews from Europe. He said many Jews in the exodus carried with them a good supply of money. Jewish organizations immediately accused him of being "anti-sc- mcitic.' ' Epidemic May Follow Riots in Calcutta By DONALD HUTH Calcutta, Aug. 20 — % f/Pj— Military and police units, working their way through the blood-stained streets of Calcutta, restored a measure of order today in this weary city where an estimated 3,000 men, women and children were killed in four days of fighting between Hindus and Moslems. Shaking off the terror and hysteria which had gripped them since last Friday, the more than 2,000,000 inhabitants of the city found they faced the threat of starvation and disease. • Calcuttas food distribution sys tcm has been thrown so badly out of gear that many of the poorer not members Truman. met with President is untrue' and the second unlikely, the present Russian plan appears 'surprisingly unrealistic. Let us look •al Mr. Gromyko's arguments from the viewpoint of n governmenl which lias not progressed as far is atomic development as the United Sliitos, which professes to despise the "blackmail and atomic diplomacy" of American policy, and to fear the war-mongcring of "reactionary circles" in America. Russia wants control of atomic energy kept in the Security Council, not vested in an independent international agency. But in any event, the veto power must remain. Russia admits that Security Council action might be ncccs- Cfenlinucd on Pane Two Mrs. Ccmnical Succumbs at Age of 68 Mrs. Lydin May Carmical, (i8, ;i resident of Hope many years, dirrl here late hist njgM. Funeral services win be hold al 10 a.m. Wednesday at the Methodist Church. Burial at Rose Hil' Cemetery will be in charge oi HPI ndcn-CornGlius Funeral Home She is survived by a daughter Mrs. W. M. Ramsey of Hope, twr sons, Glen Cannical of Hope nnc Thomas Cannical nf El Dorado two sisters, Mrs. Jess Gibson o Marion, La., and Mrs. V. P. Me Kowcn of Monticell", 3 brothers J. W. Harper of Hope, W. H. Harp or of Monliccllo, Guy Harper o Orange, Calif., three grandchildrci aiirl two great grandchildren. Active pallbearers: Webb Lasetc I'Yank Douglas, Buck Powers, C Cook, E. P. Young and Paul Corn clius. Honorary: Rov Anderson, Harry Shiver, Hugh Hall. W. S. Atkins Doctors Lylc and MnrlJndalc, A. D Mkldlcbrooks, Jeff Murphy, Holli I .lick. Goorgo Brown, Max Cox Douglas Bacon, P. A. Lewis an Dale Wilson. Congress provided for automatic restoration of controls, effective tomorrow, over any commodity on which the board Called to rule. But it also gave OPA the discretionary postponement authority which Porter exorcised. Aides of the board said, however, that members "confidently expect" to make decisions on the whole range of commodities. The three-man board stayed hard at work on its ; job as the deadline approached. Late last evening it still was collecting information on what has happened to prices on the items Congress specifically decontrolled. As it prepared to resume discussions this morning, the board reportedly has cleared away all but a few details. What the decisions may be remained one of the most closely guarded secrets in Washington. Even the two agencies most di- cctly concerned — OPA and the icy had no inkling of the final griculturc Department — said hey had no inkling of the final ord. In addition to a decision on ccil- igs the board also must decide nether subsidies are to be rc- tored. Should- the board rule for ceil- igs but against revival of subsi- ies, or cut the previous rate of aymcnl, this would preclude re- toraling June 30 ceilings on icals, OPA officials said. By the ainc token, they added, plans to oil back milk prices to one cent quart above June 30 levels would avc to be abandoned. Ringleader Gives Up in Mississippi By MARTHA COBLE Jackson, Miss., Auf;. 20 —(UP) — The ringleader of the swamplands HUH fight between the "Craft clan" and law enforcement authorities strolled into the county jail here today, giving himself up after a walk of almost (SO miles from the Magee, Miss., balMcfiold. Thn. Hinds county jailer identified the man as Johnnie" Craft, quick-triggered chieftain of the Negro gunmen who felled four sher- ff's men with a fusilade of buckshot before eight of their number were captured. He told the jailor he had "walked Merchant of Patmos, Dies T. M. Ward, aged 73, .a mcrchai cf Palmos for 45 years, died al I tope hospital early today. Funeral services will be held a ,'i p.m. Wi'dntisdiiy at the Palmo Baptist Church with the Rev. Floy Clark in charge. Burial will be in charge of the Herndon-Cornclius Funej'al Home at Patmos Cemetery. He is survived bv a daughter, Mrs. C. P. Jones and a son, H. M. AVurd. both of Patmos. four sis- 1crs, Mru Cummings Byers, Mrs. Ollie Moorehead. Mrs. Avery Mc- Kinni-y, Mrs. Hershel Hayne and McMath Takes Another Poke at Machine British Take Over German Steel Works Bad Oyeiihuson, Germany, Aug. 20 —(UP)— The British control commission loday took over Ihc entire German iron and steel in- Veterans Pick Crump as Main Target By DAVE HOWARD Alamo, Tcnn., Aug. 20 — (U) — Tennessee war veterans, meeting here last night to form a national political parly, set their sights nearer home and named as their target E. H. Crump, Memphis "political leader. James "Big Jim" Butlram, a leader in the recent Athens, Tcnn., GI political upheaval, was named temporary chairman of the unnamed organization, which will be only state-wide in scope. John Paul Butler, of Alamo, who called Ihc meeting to organize a national third parly, said that he hoped other slate's would follow the example of the Tennessee scrv- •esidenls have been without food !or days. People moved freely through the in Ihc British occupation icemen. Buttram told the 1000 shirt- Bristling Note to Slavs Terms Act Outrageous ^^^^^ By DONALD J. GONZALES Washington, Aug. 20. —(UP) — Congressional spokesmen demanded -psay that Marshal Tilo's parit- san government be brought to task for firing on American planes and allied Iroops. Chairman Sol BlOom, D., N. Y., of Ihe House Foreign Affiars committee, who usually reflects Stale Deparlmenl opinion, said Ihcrc was no queslion of war involved,' jusl "foolishness," bul Ihal Ihe foolishness had to be stopped. It was believed that a very strong stalcment on Yugoslavia's militant actions might be forthcoming from the state dcpartmenl. The statement was expected to warn I streets this morning after a quiet I the Yugoslavs that any future at- lighl. Obstructions in trolley tracks were being removed, and transportation was expected to be resumed shortly. Some city employes declined to work in the street, in the absence of full protection. Military police and rescue par- lies, wearing masks, worked to remove decomposed bodies lying on the streets. Thousands of refugees jammed dustry zone. The Krugg, Slinncs, VereiniglC, Stahlmakc and other world famous steel firms in the Ruhr and Hhine- land were among those over ..whichi the control commission assumed ownorshii). Most directors of the firms wore in Allied custody as suspected war criminals. Many will be Iricd. An official slalemenl on the move said: "This slop was taken in pur- •A grandson, uj PuUuu.,. Clinton .Donal Jones Little Rock, Aug. 20 — (A')— Sid- icy McMath, leader of Garland county's war vcloran-politica bloc, took another verbal poke at machine politics today. In address prepared for delivery at the Little Rock Kiwanis club unchcon, the Hot Springs attorney and former marine colonel who won the Democratic nomination for prosecuting attorney in the 18th district said that he had learned in his campaign that the people haven't forgotten the war nor why we fought it." "They arc determined somehow, someway that the ideals of representative form of government, which during the war we so magnificently championed, be applied at home," he said. "There arc people in the United States .in position of power and influence who do not believe in democracy; who believe that the processes and procedures of Democratic government arc outworn and obsolete; who do not have confidence in the people; who do not believe the people qualified to select their own representatives to public office; who, in short, do not believe the people have sufficient intelligence to govern themselves. T do not refer to those .Individ' uals who advocate ideologies wliiel are contrary to the principles o: Democratic government, as dun gcrousas they arc: but 1 refci particularly iu tnosc sawdust ct sers, the political bosses of the people, have deprived the people of their basic civil rights and havi discharged the democratic- gpv eminent of the communities with in their respective jurisdictions x x x We have thorn in the soull and we have them in Arkansas. "Their influence for inci'ficien corrupt anil dictatorial guvernniej hat. permeated and iiil'luunci-d uu local, state and national sucietj Their motto is greed and exploit a tion. They breed in corruption They maintain their power by ab cwiti'ul uf. the UuUul lx % x, He is a veteran of the marine corps. Johnnie Craft was armed with a nigh-powered rifle. 11 was inconceivable that Craft could have walked through Ihc far- flung posse which blocked all roads leading lo Ihc murky swamp near Mage in which the Crafts, aided by their friends, had decided lo make their sland. However, a I 6:30 a. m. (CST) he walked lo the jailer's desk, and announced simply: "I'm Johnnie Crafl. I wanl to give up." Eight members of the shooting clan were pulled from the swamp last night and yesterday by officers and volunteer possemen who scoured the area for 36 hours. Still al large, according lo authorities, was one .. of Johnnie's brothers: Garficld Craft. Bloodhounds were pressed in the ontinuing search or Garficld rait, as aulhorilics expressed a csire to clear up the whole mys- ery of the Crafls. Tension was heavy in Magec last ight, and the captured men were dkcn to Jackson for safekeeping, 'here was no outward dcmonstra- ion against the Negroes, who rounded the four officers, but ru- lorti ran rampant. accordance with Berlin Protocol article to 12 of the establish firm control nver the major German industrial potential and break down the influence of excessive concentrations of economic powers." The statement said the "nationalization" order had three purposes — to reduce the industry's capacity to peacetime level; to break the concentration of economic power; and to prepare the in- sleeved veterans that crowded the Crockett county courthouse here to "go back to your counties and form organizations — not mobs — to preserve the ballot so a man can run for office in Tennessee without the blessings of Ed Crump. "I think that Ed Crump is the backbone of all the political machines in Tennessee. • •• . "Do every thujR.vppsslblc to prcS vent shooting," 'Buttram declared. "Go by the rule book. But if you Ro • by down. the rule book, don't back duslry for It said never would be returned lo the former German owners. reorganization. the firms concerned "The people of Tennessee mean to'destroy machine politics." Marine Brig. Gen. Evans F. Carlson, leader of Carlson's famed Raiders, was one of the first to advise the veterans not to attempt to organize a third national party. Carlson, who also turned aside from local political issues to dc- •inand there call of the marines from China, urged the veterans to take the lead however in working for "good government.' ' "Practice ypur convictions regardless of cost," he advised them. "I feel very strongly that the people of good will must get together for clean government. I believe that the majority want clear 1 , government and the only thing that prevents them from having it is their lethargy. railway stations. The soldiers and police were touring the streets not only to present fresh outbreaks but also lo search for food. Fresh vegetable and fruit stalls in new market, the largest in the city, were damaged in the dicorders. Some sections of the market have reopened, but the limited supply of commodities were selling high above normal prices. Eggs, for example, were priced at 16 cents apiece. Well dressed men and women mingled with servants in lines before bakeries which were limiting each customer to one loaf of bread. Smaller bakeries sold out their supplies Jess than an hour after their bread was offered for sale. Only residents were served meali at hotels. Health authorities feared disease would be raging before disposa' squads could, complete the rcmova of ; the pi.\es'-bf. torn, bloated bodies which antetcd- the streets.,',"' " ' Distraught refugees by the thou sands streamed into rescue and police stations seeking rest and safety. The State Government of Bengal said that the bloodiest rioting in the violent history of Calcutta was "definite!-! under control.' ' The first official report on . casualties listed the dead at more than 2,000 unofficial accounts placed the toll al 3,000. So confused and widespread was the fighting that an exact tabulation of casualties may never be made. lacks on U. S. planes would result in vigorous action. Informed sources said, however, that drastic action would not be taken, nor diplomatic relations broken. But, they said, Yugoslavia would bo made to understand that the United Slates will not be pushed around. In an unusually blunt statement, U. S. ambassador Richard C. Patterson, Jr. in Belgrade already has denounced the first attack oa an American transport plane as 'wicked, inexcusable and delibe- •ale." If investigation proves that he latest attack was by Yugoslav fighters, an even sharper statement nay be forthcoming. The Yugoslavs shot down one U. S. transport—an army C-47 •— ten days ago. Another C-47 was reported missing yesterday. It was last ncard from when'its crew messaged that their plane was being fired upon over Yugoslav territory. The incidents—coupled with the shooting of two Yugoslav s.oldlers in a skirmish with U. S. Patrols on the Trieste border 'last month-^ hayc. curdled the already sOur relations between the two countries. Congressional, sources insisted that the time has passed for dilatory U. S.'actioii. regarding -the incidents. •"('(.(•-,;.; .;:!,.::• Bloom/ said that>:,<ielay in 1 acting would only' encourage:-the partisans to keep shooting down; U; S; planes; SlavGovernment Backs Shooting of U.S. Planes By GEORGE; PALMER , Belgrade; Yugoslavia, Aug. 20 —(/P)— A spokesman within the Yugoslav government said today thai "our pilots, did the right thing" iri : commenting on the shooting down 'at an unarmed American transport 'plane yesterday and forcing-;another- to' land earlier. - ' ' - ' • -•- "They'did nothing which was not in coordination' with our own and international rights," said j'-' spokesman, who declined to '7! quoted by name. The governing 0 itself refused official comment. J . A person who saw the second C- 47 attacked yesterday said the big transport went down spiralling in black smoke'during ah^attack by, two Yugoslav fighters. Four or five cannon shot could be h°ard. Only two parachutes were seen to open from.the plane, whic^par- ^ ried five crewmen.. No passengers, s mail or cargo--was aboard: •- Reuters said today that Bombay Free Press Journal, the Ultranationalist newspaper, placed the toll of the Calcutta riots at more tha-i 3,500 killed and 5,000 injured. On the oxher hand, Maj. Gen. now;let thing cleared up right away. over-' of black smoke arose from.tne-Ju-,' lian 'Alps-where the- transport '?$} came''dowri, : indicating it exploded. 1 f >. American'emba'ssy officials, who, * called-the'-earlier "attack "wicked, " inexcusable' and •- deliberate," said they;r 1 ^'%ere'.'r.-*'^nye4ti6atlng 1 '^J>tlJe 1 new incident',-'but' ; ',th"at'^Vimoslavji military : - authorities •t'-declined'v, io " •give any .^information^ ~ Lj ,'^' •i- t »V'»' •-. Two'•RAF-planeV i which' went' in, search'- of-trie-' American' -'-"•-" Wo William Elliott Dimond, general with the Bengal surgeon govern- Women Like Mrs. Schulz Are Ones That Are Really Doing Cleaning Up in Berlin Chiang Issues Warning to China Reds By TOM MASTERSON Peiping, Aug. 20 — I/I') — The jovcrnmcnt confirmed today that I had dispatched a blunt mcmo- •andum lo the Chinese Communists hrcalening to attack Ihc Commu- list strongholds of Yenan, Klagun md Clicngleh to rciiove goycrn- ncnt troops defending besieged I'alunjj. Earlier Hie Yenan radio had rc- xirled the government threat, and s;iicl such allacks would mean the starl of full-scale civil war. Lt. Gen. Tsai Wen-chili, govern- ncnt chief of staff al executive (triifci headquarters in Peiping. said the memorandum was sent ay Gen. Cheng Kai-min lo Cm- munist Gen. Yeh Chien-ying. both commissioners at executive headquarters. Evidently failure of executive By IRENE ANGERSTEIN (For Hal Boyle) » Berlin, Aug. 20 —W)—Her name is Mrs. Schulx. and she's a "haus- frau" but you don't find her at home cooking. For one thing, there is not much to cook, and ior another, she's too busy removing the rubble and debris heaps from her once beautiful city. They talk much of reconstruction in Berlin, but when it comes to action, it's women like Mrs. Schulz who are doing the work — the old women, the mothers, and the housewives. Day in and day out Ilioy are making neat piles of bricks from the junk heaps of masonry Ihal once were houses and buildings. They don't work :for any altruistic reason, such as aoning for the evil Germany brought on the world. They work because it's a job to which they have been assigned by the labor office and through which they receive a worker's food ration card. "Of course I'd stay home if I could," says Mrs. Schulz as she doggedly swings a heavy hammer against a stubborn piece of rock. "You do not think that I like this job. do you?" Whether she likes it or not, Mrs. Schullz and her colleagues, working in groups of about 200, have been steadily removing Berlin's rubble since last May. They have organized their labor into a real science. Mrs. Schulz' particular gang of 217 women — they call themselves ,lhe "Reichstag rubble remover" headquarters to halt the- Cuinnui- because they work in the shadow nisi attack on Tailing, a coal and rail center 125 miles west of Peip- ing, bad prompted General Cheny'.; threat, which many here- regarded a.s a possible trial balloon on the part of the government. Military news was lacking from Tailing itself but Ihc Catholic newspaper Yi Shili Pao reported ;i new outbreak oi lighting in oliansi province along Ihc south section of the tung-Puchow railroad. The Communists were said lo havi; captured Hinglung and isolaled Uie village of Chaocheng. Fall of encircled Tailing ha- been reported imminent. "Reichstag rubble removers" were toiling busily in the dust of a hot dry day. One gang worked directly in the rubble, pounding large stones into small ones and passing the bricks from hand lo hand, assembly line fashion, lo waiting iron carts which ran along transplanted trolley tracks. The second gang, the cart push- cr, had enlivened their dull work by chalking nicknames and slogans on their carts: "Give me sausage and ham and I'll be happy all day" — "If you think I give up. you're crazy' — "Under Den Linden ex press.' ' Over the makeshift rails zig-zagt ging across bumps and around holes in the strecl the women silently pushed their rock-laden carts to tlic third crew, the brick polishers who chipped and hammered at the rough stones until Ihcy had been shaped into rough replicas of building bricks. "My gang," said Ihc proud foreman, "produces 10,000 bricks a day ment, said he believed the number of dead was only about 500, the news agency reported. Reuters said firing broke out anew today in the corporation street area of Calcutta. Jews Resent British Use of Arab Guards Jerusalem, Aug. 20 (/Pi- Jewish agency spokesman said today the transfer of British-lrained Arab Icgionaircs from Transjor dan for guard duty in Palestine was "bitterly resented" by Jews. Jews also iii.ve protested Ihe use of Arab members of the Trans- Jordan frontier force as guards in the Jewish women's dentcn- tion camp at Lalrun, he said. "Britain has no right, to impose foreign armed forces on Jews," lie declared. The "Voice of Israel," .radio of of Ihe once famed building — .serves as a good example of all the crews of women swarming like io many ants over the city's rubble hcups. Promptly al seven every morning .whatever Uie weather, Ihcy report to their lurcman, a grizzled bachelor who swears by Mislead of at his workers. "Krankly." Vic admits, pullin; yrudgudl.v al his stubby chin, "I hud my doubts. 1 hale women. But tlii'-ie women do bolter than any crew of men I've ever .supervised at them and see ior your" selves. UiviUed into Unxc the which arc sold by building firms. the city to The oddly dressed women— some wearing dresses which had seen seller days, some ragged trousers made out of old blankcls, and others sporting scarfs fashioned from rags — do not share the pride of their foreman. A tired, bcalcn lot, they have worked long years in munition factories and fail to sec why they have to bear the heavy burden now. How is it possible Ihc Allies al" lowed things lo go so far biltcr woman asked during the lunch hour. "Why did iiol the Allies interfere long before and pre- vcnl all this debris? We never wanted the war. but could do nothing against it." The women arc particularly resentful toward the high Nazis now being tried at Nuremberg. To - a woman like Mrs. Schulz, who lugs bricks eight hours a day in lorn sandals, a newsrecl shol of an extra pair of shoes under Hermann Goering's prison bed is bitter gall. "Killing is too good for him," she exclaims. "Better he should do this work for years." As an afterthought, she added: "Then maybe we cOuld go home." the underground Haganah organization, warned again today thai a British military operation was impending against Jews. "British intelligence docs nol keep its secrets very well so we are able to announce 'phase three' of the Brilish program against Jews is about lo begin," said the broadcast. Apparently referring lo the June 29 raids on the Jewish agency and the lalcr four-day house-to-house search of Tel Aviv as the first wo phases, the radio said "this line there will be more searches and arrcxls and detentions. Every Jew must offer passive resistance to searches and must not obey police when asked for idcnlily cards. "We remind every Jew and Jewess that the only answer they can make when asked for their identity is: 'I am a Jew from Palestine'. 1 ' The broadcast concluded the warning that a British gimc of guillotine and death must insist on a hall to this sort of thing. .... "There is no question of war involved. It no more means' way than did the Panay incident, who would go to war. with Yugoslavia? Their action is not unfriendly—just foolish. For a supposedly friendly counlry to do a thing like that is very foolish. Of course , if we don't take action they will probably go on doing it. Rep. Leo Allen, R. ,111., a member of the powerful COP steering conimiltee agreed with Bloom. He said he though "this would be a good time lo assert ourselves most emphatically." Rep. John E. Rankin, D., Miss., said that he frankly "can't imagine any country the American Air Force saved shooting at an American plane." "It is one of the most unfortunate situalions in years," he said. The Uniled Slates, meanwhile, made public the texts of two notes il has delivered to Yugoslavia in recent months. The first, delivered May 20, charged the Partisan govern inenl wilh engaging in a campaign lo discrcdil the U. S.-British occupation of the Vcnczia Giulia area. In sharp lones, Ihc note accused Tilo's agents, in the area of: "Subordination of the press , al- lenipls lo discrcdil public order forces, propaganda attacks against the allied i.nililary government, incitement tonihresl, intimidation of the local'population, intimidation of local officials, fomenting industrial unrest and impeding production, usurping functions of Ihe government and criminal and terrorist activilics." On Aug. IS, Ihc United Slates delivered another note to Yugoslavia in answer to its protest against the killing of two Partisan soldiers in the area. The note said bluntly that the soldiers had invaded the U. K. zone of Venc/.ia and the patrols to vhich they were attached had fired ipon U. S. and British troops 'williotil provocation." The Uniled Stales said il was protecting "in tront?osf InrniK* 1 1ln« "mniFai*,«:i,,<_ consul at"'Ejubljaha, \venf to -head-"' quarters .of ; the "Yugoslav 1 -Fourth Ar.my on'-receiving reports that'a ' plane had'been downed. He reported that the'. Yugoslav soldiery "declined to discuss^it." Theodore Hohenthal, ; American vice consul at Zagreb, was en route to the. scene. The latest.incident occurred near Bled, where Premier MarshaUTito was residing at his summer home, '• U. S: Ambassador Richard C. Patterson ;Col. Richard Partidge; military attache; Lt: Col. Chester M. Stratton, assistant military at- tache, and other-embassy officials will fly to Bled Thursday and confer with Tito. Several of the Americans who were aboard tho first C-47 transport forced down on, Aug. 9 still were ;held . at f Yugoslav Fourth Army headquarters at Ljubljana. The embassy .said it had received no reply to any of the protest notes rjor any indication when any of the detained" Americans .would be released; The ' plane'- was flying ."from. lenccs is about to over Palestine. Not only the Morn gang an dlrgun members will be sentenced lo death bul Haganah members also. We arc prepared lo nieel this regime." Tile Palestine radio station was evacuated and programs disrupted for half an hour al noon lodaj when the receptionist got a warn ing call that the place was abou 1 to be dynamited. trongcst terms id entry." this "umvarranl- Washington, Aug. :M — (UP) — ['he United States has sent Yugoslavia a bristling note emphatical- y protesting the shooting down of in American plane over northern Yugoslavia the State Departmenl •cvealed loday. In the note, this government reserved the right io claim compensation for plane and personnel and demanded that the Yugoslavs say vhcthcr they will give American Mi-craft the usual courtesies When pad weather makes it necessary for the plansc to fly over Yugoslav territory. The note referred to an Amcri can plane forced down Aug. 9. It renewed an American demand Ihal passengers and crew who Vienna to.Udinc in Italy, a regular run of the European air transport service, and it was not clear whether the attack was over Yugoslav terrilory. ' The.person who saw the assualt on the unarmed transport .said the cannon shots could be heard on the ground near Bled, where Premier Marshal Tito was reported spending a vacation. Diplomats said Tito may personally explain the attacks, The attack yesterday was southwest of Kl'agenfurt, Austria and bout 25 miles from .the spot where nother TJ. S. army transport was ired on Yugoslav fighter planes nd forced to land on Aug. 9, The ccupants of the first plane were icld incommunicado for a week be- ore American diplomats "could see, hem and protest subsequently that he incident was a "wicked, inex usable and deliberate attack on a, ricndly nation's plane." . The C-17 missing since Monday Horning was believed to have car- led a crew of five. The witness aw only two parachutes drpp. "We saw fighter planes attack diid we saw the transport piano spiral down in a column of smoke and disappear into the mountains," .he witness said, "then we saw a aig column of black smoke appear, ndicating that the plane had ex. nloded." . ' 7 The witness said Yugoslav troops mmediately started a. "thorough search" of the mountains. A sliver of Yugoslavia juts northwestward ,*', o join the borders of Austria ajjd ' Italy in the general area. •* P (In Washington x x x etc second 1 * graph previous). ','•" v (In Washington, the U. S. State J Department, revealing a state of f, near war between • American' and t Yugoslav troops at Trieste, accus- r i cd Yugoslav forces of making illegal forays into the American occupation zone and of unprovoked * attacks on American soldiers. are now able lo travel be relcascc immediately. It normally would be assumed the nolc said, that the Yugoslavs would help friendly aircraft who are lost over their territory rathei than force them down. The nolc will be delivered ii Belgrade today by U. S. Ambas, Richard C. Pctlcrson. It pointed out a second Amcri can transport plane is missing ci route to Italy from Austria "aftc having lasl reported itself undc machine gun attack." Acting Secretary of State Dean Continued on Page Two (The British foreign office in f London said that it had protested i in the strongest terms against'in- 't vasion of the Allies zone p;id attacks on British and American I troops). i The eyewitness , whose re- <* liability is unquestioned said the two fighters closed iji on the transport yesterday 'morning southwest of Klagen/urt, Austria, 14 miles north of the Yugoslav border. The plummeting plane disappeared in the mountains and "then we saw a big column of smoke appear, indicating that the plane had exploded," he said. Continued on Page Two tr*4fsrw: .1....

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