Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on August 3, 1946 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Saturday, August 3, 1946
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Pago Six HOPE STAR, MOPE, ARKANSAS Friday, August 2, 1946 r 'Enchanted Forest/ A Disney Feature Come to Life Colorful Movie Opens Sunday at the Rialto What is credited with being one of. the most unusual and exciting ex- i pcriments in the synchronization of. color, music, acting, drama, romance and adventure is PRC's "The Enchanted Forest" which will be shown at the Rialto theater, be- gining Sunday. In this all-color dramatic spcc- titcle. animrH actors clolaboratc with the human cast in the unfold- ine of a ppig-tant drama and create a film wilh the heart-tug and imaginative appeal of a Disney fcalure come to life. Edmund Liowe, Brenda Joyce, Harry Davenport. Billy Severn, John Litel and Clancy Cooper are featured. Fourteen animal aclors also play definite roles. From advance reviews, it is evident that the producers have developed something new in human dramas, by merging the screen elements heretofore confined to the sphere of fantasy. Definite musical motifs become the dialogue of the forest birds and creatures, so that music is a motivating factor. The story concerns Old John who has found peace and contentment within the green boundaries of "The Enchanted Forest." He has lived there so long that he can communicate with the friendly animals and can hear Ihc mysterious songs sung by the voices of the trees, the wind, the brooks. The drama gets underway when Old John and the forest creatures rescue a baby f:om a storm-swollen mountain stream. The little one grows to sturdy childhood under their tender care. The mother of the lost child comes to the forest because her heart tells her the boy is alive. It is Blackie, the Crow, played by Hollywood's famouse bird acfor, Jim, who unravels the dramatic threads of the story and brings the picture to its happy conclusion. Jack Schwarz produced the picture to its happy conclusion. Jack Schwarz produced the picture with Lou Brock as associate. Lew Landers directed frof the screen play based on the original story by John Lebar. Broadway New York—Laurence Olivier can just about write his own theatrical ticket from here on in. Greeted by exuberant hosannas for his acting in "Oedipus" with the Old Vic repertory company in its brief recent visit to Broadway: and by even more ebullient praise for his pro- duclion, direction and acting in the Shakespearean film, "Henry. V," Olivier has had waved in froh^ of his talented eyes sonic contracts which can be described onl.v by the Hollywood cliche, ''terrific." Young A\-mand Deutsch." ai) -heir to a big chunk of the huge- fprtiini of the late Julius Rosenwald,' went into motion picture production with a large and cash-green splash. Having already bought the Number 1 fiction best seller. "This Side of Innocence," for 100.000 down plus a percentage of the film's profits, the young millionaire quickly put aside any suspicions among ; n- lerested on-lookers in the trade that his plans were simply those of a rich but i'Hghty dilettante. Deutsch has made Olivier and his wife, Vivien Leigh, an offer 10 pay more than 1,000.000 for services of some of the members of the Old Vic troupe in the Hollywood version of the Taylor Caldwell novel. The offer, believed to be the largest ever made to an acting company by a film firm, calls for a minimum guarantee of $500.000 svhich would, if Ihe picture becomes the hit its producers expect, return the company well over a million: the largest retur agoing, of course, to Olivier. Miss Leigh and Ralph Richardson. Miss 1 Leigh would plav Amalie. heroine of the novel, according to the hopeful plans of Dcutsch's young but wealthy Story Productions .Inc., and Olivier would play Jerome. the hero': Richardson would portray Alfred, a heavier character role, and the rest of the Old Vic stalwarts would have the remaining principal parts. "This Side of Innocence," while 'it is an American story set in upper New York State in the 1870's, would be just right for the Old Vic troupe, Deutsch nolcd. Whatever Ihc result, it 13 a fabulous 'inan- cial exclamalion point after the artistic successes of Olivier and the Old Vic company both on Broadway and in London. o The titmouse is not a mouse, but a bird. The firefly is not a fly, but beetle. NOW AVAILABLE at Montgomery-Ward Women's, Misses, Childrens Clothing Womens Slips , 2.00 ' Film Raincoats 1.95 3rassiers 1..00 & 2.00 Corde Handbags 14.30 Cotton Dresses 1.98 to 2.98 Womens Cowboy Boots .... 10.59 Womens Oxfords & Loungers 1.98 to 5.00 Childrens Oxfords & Sandals .:........,.:..•..> 1.59 & 2.19 Flannel Ribbed Crepe Piece Goods 5 yds. 1.45 4 1,49 Taffeta yard 1.48 Crepe yard 66c yard 1.27 Infants & Nursery Supplies Play Suits and Ensembles Knit Shirts Mattress Covers 1,00 to 2,98 86c 1.09 1.97 Baby Crib (Natural) 24.95 High Chairs 7.45 Play Yards 11.50 Small Childrens Clothing Girls Knit Shirts and Rayon Slips 80c & 1,59 Boys Knit Shirts 78c Boys Slack Suits 2.98 to 3.98 Boys Shorts Boys Overalls Wash Suits Boys Fabric Shirts ...1.57 & 1.65 1.57 1.30 to 3.39 1.89 Mens and Boys Clothing and Shoes Mens Oil Driller Boots 7.25 Boys Oxfords 3.53 Boys Denim Pants 1.37 Mens White Dress Pants 4.85 Mens T Shirts 49c Mens Army Twill Pants Mens Work Shirts Mens Work Pants Mens Cowboy Boots . 2.93 . 1.-50 2.00 11.49 Household Furnishings and Supplies Electric Clocks . .: 4.34 E-Z Do Chests 3.49 Comforter 4.53 Tailored Curtains pair 1.67 Pressure Sauce Pans 11.95 Electric Toasters . 5.95 Carpet Sweepers 4.89 All Steel Bridge Sets 16.95 Rosterettes .... 6.75 Walnut Bedroom Suits, <\ pc, 99.95 Dinette Suits 47.95 & 51.50 Bed Springs 9.75 to 15.75 Metal Beds 8.48 to 15.95 Kerosene Table Stoves .... 10.95 Battery Table Radios 19.25 AC Radios 24.95 Building and Farm Supplies Hand Trucks Lock Grip Wrench Electric Pump Pumps Poultry Fence Cream Separators roll . 8.25 1.79 69.95 16.00 6.88 Hand Drills Socket Set, . Pressure' Tanks ... Stock Fence . roll Pump Jack 4.23 12 pc. 4.93 15.45 to 28.45 6.40 to 16.40 31.93 32.45 Sporting Goods and Camping Equipment Dry Fly Rod . 13.95 Automatic Fly Reel 3.50 Skates pair 1.89 to 4.59 MONTGOMERY-WARD ORDER OFFICE 212$. Main Phone 1080 Baby Makes Her Bow Bare Midriff Causes Paris Uproar Paris. July 31 —(UP )— Skin-tight dresses bare at the midriff and or above are threatening to p'<m>kc another international miclundcr- standing in Paris today and I think I'd bctler step in and clear it up because the boys at Luccm- bourg palace arc pretty busy. Scurrilous reports seem to have reached Paris Irom Hollywood that movie actresses arc wearing dresses without any front. These patently false rumors escaped me, but they are bothering Jean Louis, a French designer who works in Hollywood and is visiting in Paris. "Ect ccs terrible," he said. "And we in Hollywood have such a time with the Johnson office. Why, we can't even put a girl in a sweater on the screen!" "Now, of course, the idea of a naked top! She is not a bad one! Mist inlimc, I should say. But, ziit!, alors, what can we poor :"cl- lows do against ;he censors?" Louis knows all about the censors. He designed 'the gown» Hit a Hayworth wore in "Gilda." You •ill recall that "Gilda" was the ame given to the . .first atomic omb dropped at Bikini. "Everybody wondered why Miss ' Haywroth's dress did 'own while she was Making her 'debut before the camera is Jessica Louise Jackson, going on six months old. You may not know Jessica, but you know her mother—screen star Deanna Durbin, vvilli whom she's pictured in their Hollywood home. Birdman's-Eye-View Is Too-Too .Three unidentified sunbathcrs on the roof of a Santa Monica, Calif., beachclub hasten to "cover up" as airmail helicopter hovers a bit too close for their privacy. After numerous complaints about aerial "Peeping Toms," postmaster declared that helicopter pilots are much, much too busy with thoir aircraft to pay any mind lo scenic attractions. Washington By JANE EADS Washington — Katharine F. Lenroot, chief of the Children's Bureau, warns that ,vc arc confronted with the possibility of idleness among the ration's youth, she says "bears watching, for it n the l'l-lo-17-ycar-old group arc neither in school, where most of them should be, nor regularly employed. Information brought in from many parts of the country by the bureau's staff indicates ;ewer employment opportunities arc open lo young workers today. Miss Lcmool says mere is no evidence that we have marie appreciable headway in regaining j ground lost during the war, when high school enrollment dropped a million. She cites some trends in the youth employment situation, which she says "bears watching, fol has many dangerous potential! ties." Trends are: 1. Young veterans generally ar given preference for Ihe belle jobs — jobs with a future. 'i. The high school diploma i regaining ils prewar value as a jo qualification. Employers once moi can find high .school graduates I'o many jobs. not fall dancing," .ouis confided. "1 created for her strapless evening gown — but I scd plastic underneath!" Loins thinks that plastic sup- Fields Asked to Explain How He Got Wire Washinglon ,Aug. 1 — (UP)—A louse commillce today set Aug. n o hear Bcnjmin F. Fields. Wash- ngton publicity man involved in he Garsson munitions combine in- ;csligalion, explain how he ob- aincd scarce wire screening from he War Assets Administration. The dale for Fields' appearance it a public hearing was announced ifler a brief, private conference Between him .and Hugh D. Wise, Ir.. counsel for Ihc House com- nillcc investigating surplus properly disposal. The commillce wants to know low Fields was able to gel nearly M.OOO feel of Ihe screen wire, al- hough il supposedly has been scl isidc for veterans housing. The committee issued a subpoena for him last week, but had lot been able to locale him. One committee member said there was 'something very peculiar" abotil .he whole incident. Fields, i\ publicist who can't lorls arc the answer to the whalc- )onc cage which had women quirming since tlie middle 1000's. They make the strapless gowi 'safe," he says. o Russia Losing Popularity in Europe By VIRGIL PINKLEY Vienna, —(UPl —A year ago Russia was extremely popular in Ticsl European countries. The Soviets enjoyed enormous prestige, the highest since the Bolshevik revolution swept Ihe present gov- '"•rnrncnt into power. But this correspondent who has :ravelled extensively in western and central Europe and Scandinavia the past 12 months must report that this attilude largely has passed and the old feeling of doubt nas increased. In some cases doubt has developed into fear. Today one hears 'requcntly in many quarters lively discussions on how Russia can ae defeated in the coming war which seems to many people inevitable. This swing away from Russia has been sharpest in the past three or four months. What have the Soviets done to cause this and what has Russia's 'orcign policy won in exchange for :his withdrawal of friendship and lowering prestige for the victorious Red armies and the gallant Russian people'.' In Ihe case of Britain, France and the Unilcd Slates, mistrust or failure lo understand the Soviets stems chiefly from Russian policy in Germany and Austria and at the conference table of the United Nations and meetings of the foreign ministers. Attacks against America and western Europe in Moscow newspapers and by radio Moscow which is controlled entirely by the Kremlin and servo as departments of the government have not helped Ihe situation cither. People of many European coun- ies have scon Communist activity accelerated locally and rightly or wrongly they believe Moscow responsible. They have noted that in countries which have come under the influence of Moscow Communists hold key governmental positions in' the interior, armed forces, education and press and propaganda. What has Russia gained from practices criti/.iced by many? From Moscow's standpoint a wide protective bell of land has boon obtained. The Kremlin contends that any lorrilory addcrl or areas placed under Sovicl domination is done to insure security for Russia against future attack. Russia has taken over all three , „„ , former Baltic stales and iiicnrpo- 3 .Many employers of their own j rated parts of Finland, Poland, Germany, Czechoslovakia and Romania. Russia also has won economic control over largo areas in tral Europe and and Balkans. <ecp the publicity confined to his clients, was dragged inlo the spol- ight by the Senate War Invest!-' gating Committee's hearing on profits of the Garsson arms-making syndicate. The hearings also brought these other developments today: 1. Senator began ihlking about lightening laws governing campaign contributions...$o,mc felt this was necessary 'after' diselo'sdl'e 1 that Rep. John Coffee, D., Wash., accord arc raising rcquirc- "Complete service for your car" MAGNOLIA 303 SERVICE STATION Now Open 24 Hours Daily 3rd & Laural Phone 303 Howard Lamb, Owner FOR- Local Flights and CHARTERED FLIGHTS also Flight Instructions APPLY AT THE AIRPORT incuts. Those who took on Hi and 17-year-olds during the war .seem now to prefer 18-year-olds. They say these arc "steadier." 4. Part-time employment possibilities tor in-schor/1 youth arc shrinking. Employers want full- time workers and can get them. "The promise of the Allure must be kept open lo Iliis country's youth," says Miss Lenroot, "and we must never again close doors to them as was clone in the depression year;. "If we do, they will look for a .solution elsewhere, and we Cannot be reminded loo often that both Hitler and Mussolini gathered ilieir first strength from the disillusioned and disinherited youth of ihcir respective countries, from those who saw no acceptable future for themselves in the existing order." The United States Employment Service hero is issuing a six-sided pocket folder entitled "Your ob- ulogy Check-up" with each job re- fen-;.! card handed a person seeking work through the local office. It's a sort of "Emily Post" on the correct behavior, manner and appearance lor ihe first important interview wilh a prospective employer. Celebrating the completion of 25 years of operation, the Washington School for Secretaries decided to ask its Si.fiOO former students how they were getting along in the v.-orld. it got answers from about .000 and found thai the average annual j -..,lary of Ihc.-.c alumni v as 'J.- i liO.'i.UO. Sixly-iive percent of Hii., I ^ruiip had married; \J2 percent !ni:\ quit '.'.ork ai'd letired. About ;.!(! percent of ihus'j an- j\\cring had advanced beyond tli? secretarial level, l^ast chary show lhat abuut r>3 percent, went inlo go\ e! iiii'enl .jobs; /.our percent diplomatic u'id congressional; iive percent educational: .seven percent professional, and 31 - LOiai'ueruul aud n;d // ^/RIALTO Friday • Saturday Stage Coach OUTLAW" 2 BIG HITS 2 Friday • Saturday 2 BIG HITS 2 LOOK! Sunday, Monday, Tuesday 'Return of 'Frank James' To the Voters of Hempsteaci County I THANK YOU For the splendid vote given me in Tuesday's election. I am deeply grateful to each of you. Your friend, C. COOK This ad paid fur by C. Cook received a $2,500 check from a war contractor, but did not report it ns a campaign contribution because il was nol received in an election year. The statute of limitations prevents nny criminal prosecution. 2. Chairman Jimics M. .Mead, D., N.Y., of the War Investigating Committee announced lhat «n inquiry into, the premature explosions of '1.2-inch mortar shells has become "a separate major investigation." The committee, he disclosed, is sending cjUeslionnaircs to all persons who may have knowledge about faulty shells. Already he bus received reports that so many shells rXvcro defeclivc that shipment of shells to the front f soinclimcs was slopped rather than who would have to fire them, risk the lives of American .troops The House Surplus .Properly Committee became interested In fields when il learned that he obtained (M.OOO linear feel of the screening al a recent War Assets Administration sale in Philadelphia. Good farm management conserves moisture, slops .soil washing. Rcslorc Ihe soil—restore it. "Woodman, spare that tree." f Land makes an ideal "living memorial." NOW • SATURDAY •• Double Feature "Stage Coach Outlaw" "Hot Cargo" 'i • SUN. FEATURES • 1:00 - 3:07 - 5:14 - 7:21 - 9:28 " NOW • SATURDAY «« Double Feature 'Action In Arabia" 'Moon Over Montana" " • HENRY FONDA • GENE TIERNEY Sun. Features • 1:00 - 3'05 - 5'10 - 7:15 - 9:20 G U r D a i I y ^ Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor Alex. H. Washburn Arkansas Convinces John Gunrer On July l!(i we printed from .Header s Digest a note of apology jtitftnc error in the Digest's July Issue which gave Texas credit for producing the world's largesl watermelons. The Digest said il was passing ( , lm ' Icllcr and photograph of Dick Powell and (lie 1W5 world champion melon on to John Gunthcr, author of Ihc piece about Texas. This morning I received a teller daled July ;il Irom Mr. Gunthcr, <10 East 'lilth street.'New York 17. The author of "Inside Europe", "Inside Asia" and the new book "Inside IJ S. A."—which latter work was Ci,Censed for the Digest in the piece about Texas—wrote as follows: "My best thanks for your biter lo the Digest which has just been forwarded to me along with the photograph. Believe me. I will never make any such hidesous mistake again, and you can bo quite sure lhat when my book comes out Arkansas will get full credit Tor ils monstrous watermelons. Yours sincerely, "JOHN GUNTHER" The bone-crushing rejoinder in \''if argument between Arkansas aim Texas was, of course, our photograph showing Dick Powell and the ID.'if) champion, with "Hone. Ark.." in big black letters on Ihc crate. Many a time, indeed, this picture has saved us. Originally an 8x10 glossy print, soul us on pur rc- diiesl by Warner Bros, studio when the big melon got to Powell in Hollywood, it was framed, and remained our one and onl.v copy. Bui later we made a negative of tilt picture and started producing (/r own HxlO prints—and what hViipens when a customer lakes a look at this vivid picture suddenly fhrusls inlo an argument is Hope WEATHER FORECAST Arkansas: Partly cloudy this afl- ernoon, tonight and Saturday .A few widely scattered thundershow- crs Saturday and in extreme south and extreme east portions this afternoon. 47TH YEAR: VOL. 47—NO. 249 Slar of HODO. 1899: Press. 1927. Consolidated January 18. 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, AUGUST 3, 1946 fnllv illustrated by Mr. John Gunlhcr's humble reply. * * * By JAMES THRASHER Bureaucracy in Action As a prime example of bureaucracy in action, we commend the recent train of events which resulted in postponing the Maritime Commission's construction of so- v>.i passenger ships for operation by American lines. On July 2, Vice Adm. VV. W. Smith, Maritime Commission chairmnn, wrote to Reconversion Director John R. Slcclman, in- quring about this construction lo gel on with il. A week later the Navy Department recommended that construction proceed without delay, since it was interested in having fasl passenger ships available lor emergency conversion to transports. , On July 17, Dr. Sleelman, in the >'3mc of the President, told Ad- /niriJ Smith. to*.,poslpono».awarding contracts for two luxury liners for the South American trade for al leasl a year, and to hold up schcd- ([Hiring about this construction to lineis while Ihc whole project was re-examined. This was the firsl notice lo American shipbuilders and operators that the program to build fast liners for international competition was halted. Dr. Slcolman gave as reasons for the cancellation a shortage of 1,'Jtitcrials, the heavy tax burden ol construction costs and operating deficits, "substantial naval construction" and reconversion and repair work. Vet at this of material, the Slate Depaitrnent was approving an Ex- poi -Import Bank Ion loc-acsan port-Import Bank loan lo Chile to buy American steel for ships to be' built in Britian while the stool allocation by 50,000 tons tor this purpose. The cancelled liners for our ,'yood neighbor fleel" would have f's'Ken less steel Hum the five Chilean cargo vessels lo be buill with American slcel and financd by an American loan. As tor construction costs, the Shipbuilders Council of America pointed out in a letter lo Dr. Slccl- man that shipyard wages arc up ;)!! cents an hour since Ihc war bc- ian, largely .through government inlluencc and elfort. Now, the lei- lor continued, Ihc shipyard workers, having been given Ihcir demands, are having their work taken from Ihem. *l'hc Council quoted Navy figures lo show that naval construction is rapidly being completed, and thai there are no naval contracts for new ships in fiscal 1!M7. II quoted the Bureau of Labor Statistics In show thiit by Jan. I there will lie only about 130,000 workers in private shipyards, as against 2'Jtt,- (illt) in May. lifll.UOO last December, and a wartime peak of l,H9(i.400 All this would seem to indicate a lack of co-ordinated information and policy among the various gov- i^nmenl agencies concerned, And ji makes one wonder: Did Dr. Sleelman have all the facts at hand when he issued Iliis drastic order'.' Why did he not even i-onsnll Ihe shipbuilders and op- eralurs whose business he is run- A^id whal has become of all the wartime plans lo make Ibis country a gieat maritime nation in peace, with an adequate, expandable nucleus of builders and operators in Ihc interest of our national defense'.' 3 Courses Open on SPG Disposal Three possible courses of action in disposing of the Southwestern Proving Ground, federal properly now in process of liquidation, were outlined by Charles A. Armitaitc secretory of Hope Chamber 'of Commerce, in a leller addressed lo Ihc membership today. Mr. Armilage wrote as follows: Dear Member: This is a personal letter to you as to Ihc present status of the Southwestern Proving Ground. When you hired me as your secretary 1 was advised thai —and I believed il, and xlill clothe industrial area of SPG was one of the mosl valuable potential assets of Ihe city and county which your chamber of commerce serves. Should this valuable asset be lost as a community enterprise I want it lo be known thai you wore kept advised of Ihe "happenings" before they happened, and I want no "Why didn't they do something about if.'" So here Ihc current status from my personal viewpoint: On August 15 the industrial area of the Southwestern Proving Ground will be transferred to the War Assets Administration. That organization is now open to proposals^for the sale or lease of tliis area. There arc three major possibilities by which disposal could be effected: (1.) LEASE TO A NON-PROFIT CORPORATION Advantages i A. i With no profit to individuals. Ihc sole inlcrcsl of the corporation would be to bring new payrolls to the community. tb.i A non-profit corporation could establish with a relatively small amount of capital—no great risk or damage should failure be encountered. (c.i With no profit possible, sublease rates could be made attractive to prospects. Disadvantages (a.) The property would -remain off Ihc tax books. (b.) Local interest might be measured by Ihc amount of capital required—relatively little. (c.i Distance from the city might be objectionable to some prospects. (d.) Under board of jurisdiction, delays in decisions might be to the detriment of the incorporators. (e.) With the property still in the hands of Ihe government, restrictions could create problems. is own (2.) SALE TO PRIVATE SPECULATORS Advantages i a.) With "eonsldorifblo" invest mcnt involved, time and interest would be great, and without fear of governmental restrictions, changes could be made to suit prospects. (b.) The property would be on the tax books. (c.i The city and chamber of commerce could clcvole more lin.e lo other problems—we could have our cake and eat it. Disadvantages (a. i Private investors would bo free lo demolish Ihc post for salvage purposes if so inclined. (b.) The best interests of the community would be dependent upon the will of a fow. (3.) SALVAGE BY THE GOVERNMENT Advantages (a.i We could all forget about it. (b. All safe land would become agricultural. Disadvantages i a. i The taxpayer would pay a- 13 Compromise Social Security Tax Freeze. to Truman Washington. Aug. 2 — i/l'i— Congress gave linal approval today on a compromise social security bill Ircczing ihe old age insurance pay loll tax at one percent. •The action, subject to president- fl'dl approval will prevent a $2. 030, 000.000 tax rise !or employers v\\ci employe:, in J'J-17. With Iliis bill los:,ed lo President Tinman's dei-k, a major barrier 10 congressional a d j o u r mnent — slated for lalu today — was removed. Both Houses approved the compromise social security uill over wliclmin»ly, by voice vulcu. H is nol my intent to try lo influence Ihc members of Ihc chamber of commerce lo adopt any of the above methods—however 'if a non-profit corporation is your wish, action to that end should be taken immediately. Rumors that final disposal has already taken place, or is "fixed", arc not true. Private interests, both locjil and oul-of- slalc, have been busy for some months, but Ihc final determination has not been made. Many factors, including political influence, will decide flic issue, but the besl interests of the community, behind an enthusiastic and co-operative citiv.enry, will be served if those best interests are brought to light. In order lhat I may best serve you and the community, your wishes must be made known. Action, if it is action we seek, must be taken without further delay. On Friday evening, July ' :>!>, Mr. Kloyd Sharp of the War Assets Administi ation lold members attending Ihc chamber of commerce banquet that at long last a determination had been made as lo the boundaries of the Industrial and Commercial area of the Southwestern Proving Ground. Mr. Sharp also told of the procedure used by Ihe Liltlo Rock Chamber of Commerce in taking -over the Arkansas Ordnance Plant by ihe establishment of a non-profit corp- oialion for the sole purpose of taking over thai plant for industrial purposes. These facts. I fear, were lost to mosl of us in Ihc announcc- i mcnt concerning Ihc range area. Lcl us foigct the range area lor Ilio time being and give thought In what we desire lo o.o. if anything, about the Commercial and Industrial area. CHARLES A. AHM1TAGE Aug. •>, 194(5 Hope, Ark. New Air Group Being Formed at Malvern Little Ruck. Aug. 1 --iUPi — Col. Hc.\ P. Hayes. Arkansas \\iii commander of the Civil Air Patrol, announced here today Ilial a new squadron was being' lormec in Malvern. 'The new unit will include cadcls as well as members, the colonel said, and will bring to 20 the number of active squadrons in Arkansas. Teaching Vacancies Decline for First Time in 5 Years Lilllc Rock, 'Aug. 3 — (/!')— The number of leaching vacancies in Arkansas has declined somewhat for the first time in five years, according In Ralph B. Jones, slalc education commission. More than a year ago there were H,0() vacancies but a recent survef showed an estimated 1,582 openings in the 12,770 classroom po- silions, ones said. o Suit Attacks Georgia's Poll System Brunswick, Ga., Aug. 2 —(/Pi— A suit was filed in federal district court hero today attacking the constitutionality of Georgia's conn '.y unit primary election system •md seeking to block the nomina .ion of Eugene Talmadge for his 'ourth term as governor. Talmadge won the nomination inder the county unit system in a July 17 primary. He received a najority of (he county unit voles, jut in the popular vote trailed young James V. Carmichael who lad Ihe blessing of Governor El is Arnall. Nomination in the Democratic primary is tantamount to election in one party Georgia. The suit, filed by Charles S. The suit contended that the Georgia primary Jaw, which pro .•ides for the count yunil system if nominating state officials, was in conflict with the 1'llh amend nicnl to the constitution o f the United Slates. It asked that Secretary of Slate lien (-'orison, Chairman Lon Bach worth of the State Democratic Executive committee, and Miss the committee, be enjoined from Grace Cannington. Secretary of the committee, be enjoined from certifying the nominess in the re cent primary. o •— Released Reds Say They Were Treated Badly By CHARLES P. ARNOT Berlin. Aug. ,'i — (UP)— Two Russian Army officers charged today that they were treated "like criminals" during the more than a month that they were held recently by the American who accused them of espionage. The Soviet report on the detention of the Rod Arniv men carried forward through another chapter the battle of words between the Russians and Americans over alleged spying in Germany. The charges and counter-charges began July 1 when two Americans disappeared into the Sovicl zone. Three days later two more disappeared. All four now have boon released, as have two Russian officers and their chauffeur who had been charged bluntly with spying on U. S. installations in Germany. o Negro Butler Identified as Killer, Rapist Mineola, N. Y.. Aug. 2—l/I'i— 'apl. Stuyvcsant Pinnell, chief of Nassau county detectives, .said today a 23-year-old negro butler and chauffeur had been arrested and charged with murder in the deatli July 24 of Mrs. Marjoric Church Logan and Ihe rape and shooting of her 2U-.vear-old daughter, Mariorie Jean. Pinnell said Miss Logan had positively identified the Negro as Ihe man who forced her to disrobe in a bedroom of her home, attacked her, and then deliberately shot her in the lace and neck. Mrs. i^ogan wa.i shot to death in the living room of her home a fow minutes before Ihe attack on ihe daughter. The man was identified by Pin- noil as George Bocchor Caraway, employed by Joseph M. Hose, whose homo is near the Logan's in the Long Island community of l-'lower Hill. Caraway first was under suspicion Wednesday niglil. Pinnell said, and was arrc.iled last light by Detective Michael O'Brien. To day he was taken lo .Nassau conn ly hospital, where Miss Logan is a patient, and sue identified nim immediately. Pinnell added. The 52-year-old Mrs. Logan was shot lo death by an intruder who apparently had demanded money. Miss Logan lold police her mother had called to her lo throw a $10 bill clown a stairway to her so she might "pay a debt." Almost immediately there was a gunshot and a Negro ran up the slops to confront the girl, who was on the second ilooi' of nor home. The man look from her a roll of bills which she had in her hand. Miss Logan said, and the attack followed. The young woman ran scream- inn from ihe: house in her under clothes after ihe attack. '\ painter working on ,i •lea.-ljy home rusncd her lo Ihe Jiospilai. En roulo Ihev passed her attacker, who was walking along ihe roadside, but lluy did 10! stop. An intensive police search followed. Farm Bureau Family Picnic to Be Held Thursday, August 8 Hcmpslead county's Farm Bureau family picnic will be held at the Fruit, and Truck Experiment Station Thursday, August 8. A special program has been arranged with short talks and contests starting ul 10. u.in. [—Moons Associated Press Moons Ncwioaocr tmcrurtse Ass'n. PRICE 5c COPY Russians Are Taking Most of Hungary's Industry But Still Wants Reparations By DEWIT MacKENZIE AP Foreign Affairs Analyst Russia's rejection of America's complaint thai Soviet occupation policies are ruining Hungary's economy emphasises a situation which is of vast importance to the rehabilitation and political economic realignment of continental Europe as a whole. What has happened is this: The U. S. State Department in a recent note lo Moscow raised the point of a possible reconsideration nf the Soviet claim for $300.000,000 reparations from warshaltcrod Hungary. Washington pointed out thalJ the Russians were taking at least four-fifths of the present Hungarian production in heavy industry, and wore requisitioning much food as well.. The note also suggested that a commission work out a plan lo help Hungary out of her economic chaos. The Danubian country has been suffering from one of the mosl fantastic inflations the world has known. At the time the Amcr- I lean note was soul. Ihe Unilcd States dollar was worth one hundred quadrillion Hungarian pcn- gos, whereas the pcngo of June of !!).')!) before the war was rated as 29.12 cents. Moscow rejected the American points regarding the economic position as "completely groundless." II turned down the idea of r. joint commission as "inacceplablc." Why shouldn't .Russia welcome Uncle Sam's suggestion? Well, the answer would seem to be—and it's worth logging for future reference —that Hungary is a key position in the Soviet's new /.one of influence in eastern, southeastern and central Europe. That /.one is rapidly being made air-light, and so the signs read Moscow has no in lenlion of surrendering any advantage in a Hungary which is of vast strategic importance politically economically and militarily. Hungary is the logical gateway between the Balkans and Central •Kurope. The mighty Danube runs through the very heart of the country .providing a navigable water route which reaches through Austria into the heart of Europe on the one side, and on the other winds through the Balkans to the post, which stands aslridc the ® Black sea. The Hungarian capital, Budapest, which stands astride the Danube ,is not only a port of inestimable value that is the hub of railways from all points of the compass. The country is bounded by Yugoslavia on the south. Romania on the cast. C/.echoslavakia on the north and Austria on the west. No wonder the Russian high command made Hungary one of its main objectives as the world war drew lo its close. So wo sec that Hungary is a mighly keystone in the Russian structure of influence. A similar situation prevailed before the war when Germany was overlord of all the vast territory of which Budapest is the hub. and it's important to note that the Reich's mosl important hold on these small countries .was economic. The economic grip, backed by military might, gave Berlin political domination. W h c n Hitler launched his attack lo conquer the world he held this whole area in the palm of his hand, because these small countries were dependent on Germany to absorb their agricultural products and lo furnish them machinery and drugs. The nature of the Na/.i Brigand's stranglehold was we.U- illustrated by a remark made to me while 1 was in Budapest in 1038. Perhaps I've mentioned the incident in this column before but il is so pat lhat 1 venture to repeat. A famous Hungarian statesman in explaining the situation said to me: "Germany takes more than fifty per cent of all our exports. Wo have no alternative market. All Hitler has to do is ban our exports for six months and Hungary is bankrupt. Do you think wo arc going to play his game? The answer is "yes' " It's a fair prophesy that Russia will establish economic control throughout its sphere of influence. It may be difficull to do so immediately because of the industrial destruction the Soviet suffered in Ihc war, but Marshal Stalin i driving hard for rehabilitation and great progress is being made. In any event, il seems clour whj Moscow isn't keen to have any mixed economic missions working i in the Russian /.one. Citizens Order Following Election Riots ress journs Long Session By JACK BEL L Washington, Aug. 3— (/I 1 )—Lawmaker*- shifted from the legislative to the political battlefields today as the 79lh Congress went home expecting that it won't bo back unli latter the November election, if ever. The vast majority of its members, however, hoped individually to be on hand when the 80th Congress is called to order in January. For most of them in Ihe opportunity to got back homo and hoe political gardens was what they had been waiting .for months. Every House scat technically is at slake in November, although some of the contests already have been decided in Democratic primaries in the South. Thirty-six Senate seats arc to be filled, and there, too. some southern Democrats have cleared their voting hurdle. The Senate bowed out with a thumping (il) to '2 vote approving a resolution authorizing Hie presi dent lo deposit with the United Nations this country's agreement lo Continued on Page Four Leaders Vote to Rotate Chairmanship By LARRY DALE Athens. Tenn., Aug. 3 — CUP) — A minister, a merchant and an oil dealer took over today as an emergency council named al a citizens' nass meeting to keep order in roil scarred Athens. The three, the Rev. Bcrnie Hampton, Methodist minister: J.P. Cartwriglil, oil distributor; and A. Anderson, a grocery wholesaler, will govern McMinn counly until the GI nonparlisan league •.•andidatcs, declared victorious in Thursday's bloody election, take of- iice on Sept. 1. An atmosphere of complete calm setllcd over the town today as both business men and veterans who unseated, the Democratic machine with a barrage of ballots and bullets, throw their support behind the emergency council. Cily officials made no attempt to return lo Ilieir jobs. Police Chief Herbert Walker and former Police Commissioner Hugh Kiggs wore working wilh volunteer' law enforcement officers. Businessmen worked in shirts as policemen to keep order in Ihe town of 10.000, tucked in the mountains 125 miles southeast of Nashville, Ilio slalc capital. Their work was routine. Only two or three arrests had been made, and those were for drunkenness. Anderson is commander of the local company of the state militia, but the town indicated lhat it could lake care of itself without calling on any state agency. The emergency council conferred yesterday with U. S. Marshall Henry R. Boll of Knoxvillo ,who came hero as a representative of the federal government. The council promised to cooperate fully with Tennessee Gov. Jim McCord. However they refused life offer of foui state policemen as aides. The Justice Department said ii Washington that it was investigating the rioting during the Thurs day election which was climaxcc by a six hour gun battle between the supporters of the victorious veterans and 25 special dcputj sheriffs who had taken the ballo' joxcs to the county jail. The men declared elected by Bounty election officials, who will ,ake over the county administration on Sept. 1 are: Knox Henry, sheriff. Frank Carmichacl, county trustee. 1 —0 ' $3,245,825 Spent by Arkansas for Textbooks Little Rock, Aug. 3 — f/IV- Arkansas has spent $3,245,82!) for free textbooks since that program was inaugurated nine years ago nd 02 cents per pupil, or 247,17.01, the last fiscal year, the cd- ication department has reported. I'hc slate lost more than ' 10,000 cxl-books in 1945-46 because of chool building fires. " —O™— " " — By A. Paris, I. GOLDBERG Aug. —(/P)— Leaders of the Paris Peace conference voted 12 to 8 today to rotate the conference chairmanship, as urged by the large nations, and then turned to the question of whether a two- thirds vote or a simple majority would decide all issues. The vote on the chairmanship was the first outright acst in the dispute between large and small nations, and was a victory for the United States and Soviet Russia. T h e chairmanship will rotate among the United Slates, China, France, Great Britain and Russia in lhat French alphabetical order. The nations voting for the rotating chairmanship proposed by the foreign ministers council were: T h c U. S., Canada, China, France, Great Britain, Norway, Poland, Czechoslovakia, The Ukraine, Soviet Russia, Yugoslavia and White Russia. The nations voting for a single permanent chairman were: Australia, B c 1 g i u m, Brazil Greece, India. New Zealand, Hoi Continued on Page Four Bamberg Art School for U.S. Soldiers Is Serious Affair for 140 Men Participating dtUIAJDnvsirr ,-, * ***' By HAL BOYLE Bamberg, Germany —-i/h— A black-haired Herman ,.i>-| sloo.l si lenll.v before the roomful of American soldiers. The young soldier* neither giggled nor called rruc • jokes at her. They looked criliea'.'y at the shadows on her nude boi'y. en made painstaking marks on mo papers before them. The Bamberg arl school was in session. An hour earlier Ihe young so 1 diers had been patrolling the high ways or working n ,lnj hearl>|ir:r- lors ol Ihe constabulary, the American Army's new mobile police force for Germany. Tlie art school is one of several educational and cultural diversions created to give Ihem something to clo in their spare lime besides chase frau'cins. "It's on a parl-time strictly volunteer basis," said Major A.S. Williams, information and education ollieer for the constabulary. "About MO soldiers are taking courses in drawing .painting, holography, sculpturing and wood- eai ving." Tlie stall of German teach-rs is directed by a former scrpoant William Tardiff. :>«, himself a pri/.e-wiiining art student from Bus- Ion. Mass. Tardiff has a small sliuho off the main classroem. "The arl school provides a place when- soldiers can come when Ihey're lired of going lo Ihe movie: or drinking beer," he .,aid. "None 'jf the men ever had arl p-struc- lion belore. Redeployment has made it bard lor many students lu linisli their couiscs bill thev keep uludying unlil Ihc time conies for them to leave. "Ihey are sui prising! v serious I thought they might be a little self- conscious, but they look on the girls a:-, just a problem in drawing. "We have had some cases of dating belwo" '-tnHn-iti' 'lie arl school is one of the most unusual since Ug carvua u.e .. .,. deer on Ihc \valla uf his smuhe- Bread, Flour Price Raise Is Allowed rns Farmers Three Navy Ships Just Dissappears New Orleans, Aug. 2 —-(UP)— i'hc Eighth Naval District an lounccd today that a total of 105 on were aboard three naval vessels which have not been heard "rom since Ihey left Panama City, 'anaina, July 24 bound for New Orleans. The ghostlike disappearance of he throe vessels was reported lore after a search of the entire gulf of Mexico was ordered. The vessels: LSM 484, with 50 persons aboard. LCI 883, wilh 28 aboard. LC (FN) 656. flagship of.... the .illle fleet, with 28 persons aboard. The ships left Panama City, the navy said, al 2 p. m. July 24. The scheduled arrival here was 2 p. m. July 30. None of the vessels has been heard from since departure. A single navy ship which depart cd from the Central American Republic after the ghost fleet rived here today. Its captain and crew members reported thai they saw nothing of the missing ships. o Mayor Denies Charges in 'Love' Suit Hot Sprngs, Aug. 3 — (UP) — the $200,000 breach of promise suit filed against Mayor Leo McLaughlin in Ihc midst of the recent torrid political campaign in Garland county was back in the limelight today. The fact that it failed to vanish when the elections were over seemingly refuted McLaughlin's publicly-expressed idea that it was "merely political blackmail." Late yesterday, McLaughln fled answer in Garland circuit court here to the suit .filed la.gt ..July 11 by Lucille Griffith, a former milliner in Hoi Springs. In her suit, the pretly brunette, nolivin gin Oklahoma City, claimed that the mayor had entered into a marriage contract with her. She said that he had later changed his mind, and had refused to marry her. Miss Griffith's attorney, Frank Crouch, said in Oklahoma City that his client would be glad to drop the charges if McLaughlin would marry her. McLaughlin's court answer de- By MARVIN L. ARROWSMITH Washington, Aug. 3—i/Pi— Price ceilings arc up today on bread and bakery products, flour, cereal.s macaroni, noodles, corn meal and hominy grits — and increases on more market basket items arc on the way. Tagged for announcement soon arc one to two cents on canned corn, peas and tomatoes. Meanwhile, OPA rdcred these retail increases into effect: Bread — one cent on loaves weighing up to two pounds; on bigger loaves, two to three cents. Bakery products — one cent a dozen on bread rolls, 15 per cent on cookies, crackers and biscuits. Flour—about one cent a polnd. Breakfast cereals—one to three cents a package on all kinds except corn flakes, pulfcd rice and puffed wheat. Macaroni and noodles—(wo cents on eight-ounce boxes, one cent n smaller packages. ,.. Corn meal and hominy grits- one to two cents a pound. OPA tumbled out announcements of these increases in rapid succession late yesterday. It followed Ihem up with a ruling that no ceilings apply until at least August 20 on corned bee£ hash, meat stews, tamales and chili con same. This reversed an earlier decision. llv .. The reason for Ihc turn-around, ar- OPA said, is that these items con tain more than 20 per cent meat, and thus must remain control-free for the present. As for the increases on flour, bread and bakery products, OPA said they stem principally from a decision against restoration at this lime of a flour subsidy which lapsed July 1, and from "the fact that the price of wheat had gone above June ceilings." There arc no price controls at present on wheat or other basic grains. To compensate, OPA raised millers' flour ceiling $1.11 a hundrld punds east of the Rocky Moun Speculation Joncsboro, Aug. 2 —(/Pi— Farmers were cautioned at the closing session of a soil conservation short course here today against making McL,augmm's court answer de- plans on the basis of current infla- niod every allegalion, and he asked blackened cave. It is housed in Hie "Water Ca.itlo," a commodious baroque dwelling overlooking Ilio placid Rcgnil/ river. The casllo itself was built dur ing the cvenlcenth century by a cantankerous w e a I l h y cili/.on named Johann Ignat/ Tobias Bool- linger, who had a phobia againsl paying taxes. Instead of dishing mil to the tax collector, old Johann would hand over a building lo the town authorities, thereby gaining a name as a philanthropist. Annoyed because he overheard his heirs quarreling over his properly as lie supposedly lay dying. iWctlinger recovered and in revenge sank most of his capital in ihe castle which lie ironically called "Concordia House." His hapless heir., in time became owners of Hie castle but found il.s upkeep such a drain they had to present it to the city. Tlie art school gets most of its materials from the armv but has had to do considerable improvising. Backdrop.; for the models, for example, are made from dark coffin liniiu; silk, a material which many Gorman girls also use for dresses. Tardiff said the soldier students preper portrait work firsl, then life class, landscapes and still life compooilions. "They like to paint anything but military subjects." he said. "They don't put their soldier hie into their art. "So tar we haven't du>co\ercd any rcmbrandls in Ihe constabn- larv. but a number have- real talent. Some plan tu go lo art school; in America later under the. G I. Bill of nights." Old army officers who at [iri-l looked down their noses at the art school as a "sissv project" approve of il now. "They're in favr of anything that helps cut down the high venereal rale," taid Tardifl. lionary prices. Hall, associate professor of rural economics at the University of Arkansas, lold the soil conservation supervisors and farmers that farm operations should be planned over a period of years with realizing that current prices may not stand. "The soil," Hall said, "is the starting point in planning a rural economy. The farmer must consider what crops will best conserve the land over a period of years and provide a stable system of farming if a period of low prices is expcrcincod." He emphasized production of food products for family consumption, year around utilization of land, machinery and labor .selee- lion of correct crop varieties and livestock breeds. Importance of forestry in .soil conservation programs was pointed mil by II. A. Unwell, extension forester of Hie University of Arkansas. Among forestry objectives he listed were: development of high p'liialilv forests on all land suitable for trees and not needed ,'or other uses, rehabilitation of present limber stands, stabilization of forest land ownership and development within the slate of stable and diversified wood-using industries. Functions of soil conservation districts wore discussed by Homer Town,;, -assistant stale .soil conservation agent. Lachlam. president of the Missouri Valley Association, pointed mit at a banquet last niglil thai "(here are im new fron- tieis today every man's irontier is 11 is farm." The short course was sponsored by the Mississippi Valley Association in cooperation with priv.-tlr business firms and .state agricultural agencies. Crude Petroleum Stocks Show Big increase Washington. Aug. 2 - i/V. — The bureau of mines reported today thai sliu'l.s ol domestic and foreign crude petroleum totaled 'Jliii, 756110(10 barrels on .July 27. a net n '-rea.se ul I.Olli.'Hlt) Darn-Is ff >r ihr wccl-i. Dumetk- crude increased Vfiti.OUO barrel-' on Jul.s 27, a net creased 2M.OIIU. Dajiv a\era^e production was •!. i)^(i.OIH) bar, els. a' decrease of 11, 000. Huns lo stills averaged 1.8913. 000. an increase oi 70.000. Slot'Ui. by grade, or origin, and change li'um previous '.\cel; iiii ilu'Ubdiid:, i'f barrel:, included: Arhan:.a> L'.XKJ dee L'S Norll'.ern Luiii.siana 'J.'JIB dec llti. linlf Coast Louisiana 11,11-1 dee l.'iti. Mississippi 2,,'iU7 inc Hi2. Terraces have the effect of maintaining the toil. for a jury trial. More trouble for McLaughlin was expected today, in the form of an appeal lo Ihc Arkansas Supreme Court by Sidney McMath a suil to oust McLaughlin as chairman of the Democratic Central Committee in Garland county. McMath, recently nominated prosecuting attorney for the 18th judicial district, composing Garland and Montgomery counties, pledged a continued fight for "free government" in Garland county. o Official Count Gives Sutton 3-VoteMajority An afficial tabulation by the Mempstead Central Committee yesterday cut Claude Button's ma'jor- ity to ,'i votes for sheriff and spiked rumors in Hope thtat a contest was in the offing. Apparently 3 voles is good as 103 lo J. W. (Son i Jones, defeated candidate who did nol appear lo ask for a recount or a contest. The official tabulation: Sut Ion . 'JOliT Jones . IBOli whether be rc-im on the acknowl- the in- continued rule against grain ceil- The ooimnittoe will reconvene on Thursday, August 8. to select judges and clerks for the runoff pi unary August 13. Drys Protest Use of Grog by the Navy Washington. Aug. 2 —i/Ti-Deets Picket!, research secretary for the board of temperance of the Methodist church, expressed a "layman's opinion" today thar (lie navy's new sanction of grog for gobs abroad is illegal. The navy disclosed yesterday that il had lifted its ban against Ihe sale ul intoxicating liquor to enlisted men and civilians at Mavy bases anywhere outside the United .Stales. Picket! told a reporter (here was I she" rouirt "one good feature" in the order of fiom the July 13 —a provision lhat. a sodd fountain dispensing soft drinKo and ice cream must alio be ;=ci up wherever liquor is sold. But. he .xiid. il was his "'ay- man's opinion" that a law of 1903 prohibiting the sale of intoxicants at any United States military base was still operative and extended to American establishments any- v.'here in the world. tains and 1.24 on the west coast. This boosts retail flour ceilings at leasl a cent a pound, the agency said. Besides the flour increase. OPA listed these reasons for higher prices on bread and bakery products: 1. Higher costs of shortening and several other bakers' raw fateri- als, all of which arc exempt from control. 2. Continued restriction of output due.-tp....lttc: 85 npj;< coni-limitr*. tion on flour productin. This curb", OPA said, makes it impossible for t bakers to offset cost increases by' larger volume. In ils official announcement OPA termed the bread and flour increases "temporary." The agency said they will remain in effect "only until the price decontrol board has determined maximum prices should posed (after August 20) basic grains." OPA officials later edged, however, that creases wil lhavc to be if the board should re-cslablishment of ings. OPA said it would be "adminis trativcly impracticable" to restore the flour subsidy until the board has made its decision. Loss of the subsidy, the agency continued, has "made it difficull for flour millers to maintain the supply of flour lo bakeries and households throughout the country at (previous) ceilings prices." o ~ Argentine Now Ready to Fight With Ajnericas World Copyright 1946 By United Press Buenos Aires, Aug. 2 —(UP)—• President Juan D. Peron said today that should there bo another world war, Argentina would "ight on Ihe .side of the United States and Ihe other American nations. "Argentina is an American country, placed geographically in lha American continent, and, consequently, my country inevitably forms an integral part of what might be called ihe 'American line' ". President Peron declared in an interview in Argentina's famous casarossada. "We all know that there is a potential danger of other conflict:; and if. unhappily, the statesmen of the world cannot prevent it, Argentina will be found alone- side the United States ?nd tlie other American nations. "A chain of mighty airdromes may prove to he iar more necessary in the future, through ihe length of the American continent, than Ihc Pan American highway. Argentina already is building such an airdrome at LOzciza — outside of Buenos Aires,—which will acj-om- inodalc the greatest airplanes lhat can be invisaged during the next 10 vcars." "Among the many accusations that have been hurled al me was that I was seeking to form a bloc of South American nations to be headed by Argentina, so as to counter-balance the United States. But how could a president of ihib country be so -stupid'.' For Argentina to risk .c:- destiny in such a bloc would mean lhat in a conflict be isolated and cut off great resources represented by the United otateb. No. Argentina prefer... to be an equdl partner in Ihc great, design of the union of all Ihe Americas. "Then. 1110, such a bloc would mean lhat Argentina would isolate herself from sonic of her most important markets. Do you think lhat I would wont to limit our economic and commercial development lo Continued on Page Four

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