Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on August 2, 1946 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

Hope, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Friday, August 2, 1946
Page 1
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*^ **., Pdgc Eight HOPE STAR, HOPE, ARKANSAS .^"Complete service for your car" MAGNOLIA 303 *. SERVICE STATION Now Open 24 Hours Daily ' 3rd & Laural Phone 303 ; Howard Lamb, Owner Fights Lost Night By The Associated Press Oakland. Calif.—Bobby Zander, 182. Los Angeles, outpointed Jack Hnnnon Porter. l"ii, Oakland. 10. Council Bluffs. la.—Tex Boddic, 182 1-2. Omaha, outpointed Francisco de la Cruz, 221, Mexico City, 10. MEALS TASTE BETTER WHEN YOU SERVE BLUE RIBBON BREAD AT YOUR pi-TV DA8/CDV GROCERS and A* I I T D A l\ t K I Market Report POULTRY AND PRODUCE Chicago. Aug. 1 —(A 1 )— Butter, firmer; recipls -17;).-Kit); 93 score AA 63.5 :92 A OH.25: 90 B 67; 89 C 66; cars: 1)0 B 67; 89 C U6. .Eggs, top firm, others unsettled; receipts 9.1)80: U. S. extras No. I and 2 — 37.5-40.5; others unchanged. .Live poultry: hens steady: chickens weak; receipts 29 trucks, no cars. FOB price.?: roasters 3034; others unchanged. S. LOUIS LVESTOCK National Stockyards, 111., Aug. 1 —(/l'i— Hogs. 1.000; bulk goc:.-l and choice 170-300 lo s32.75-24.00, top 24.00; few Heavier weights i!3.nU down; most 120-150 Ibs 20.25-21.25; 100-120 Ibs 19.00-20.2s; good sows 21.00-50. Cattle, 4.000; calves. 2,500; inquiry slow on all classes of cat- tie; limited bidding unevenly lower throughout: some canner and cutler cows about steady with Wednesday at 7.50-9.25; vcalers 25 higher; choice vcalers ID.50; medium and good 13.00-17.25. Sheep. 3,000; few early sales good and choice native There were a few wide swings bv notably "thin" issues although fractional gains ruled :'rom the start. A smattering of soft spots was in evidence. Several oarlv stumblers steadied at the close. Except .for occasional active flurries, dealings were light throughout. Transfers were in thc neighborhood of 900,000 shares for thc full stretch. Better performers wore Sunshine Mining, Cerro de Pasco ,Kon- nccott. International Harvester, Hiram Walker, Southern Railway, I Chesapeake & Ohio, Great Northern Railway tmd Montgomery Ward. Backward were BclhMiem, General Motors. American Telephone and ohns-Manvillc. o GRAIN AND PROVISIONS Chica go,Aug. 1 —(/Pi— An early upturn in corn futures failed to hold today as persistent commission house selling developed when prices got up to around iheir former OPA ceilings. Reports of continued dry weather stimulated the Thursday, Auguit 1, 1946 p early buying, much f which rep- spring i resetted short-covering. lambs to outsiders 21.50-22.00; few] Oats, firm with corn early, medium and good 17.00-20.00; cull i backed down to below the previous and common throwouls 12.00-50; I closing levels. Failure of outside buying to develop on the initial bulge caused some local traders to NEW YORK STOCKS swilch to Ihe selling side. Shipping New York. Aug. 1—(/P)—Strength sales of cash oats to the cast were was displayed oy individual favor- I placed at more than 100,000 bush- ites in today's slock mark" 1 but. ! els. while the averages advanced a shade for the seventh straight session .many leaders acted a bit fa- ewes uneslablished. o tigued. Apples Ciga 'Large Sunkisf Full of Juice ... Gravenstein New Crop Last Chance for Canning these big, luscious peaches — fine quality priced low. Specially selected at their flavor^ peak. Hurry! Buy and do your canning now! LETTUCE Lb. 13c Iccburs. Fine for Salads GRAPES . . 4 Qt. Bskl 65c Concords. 'All Purpose. Lb. 12k Lb. Popular Brands rettes i I . ORANGES . Calif. Sunkist. POTOTAES Reel Triumphs. . . . . Lb. Juicy. , 10 Lbs. Selected. 12c 39c Ctn. BIRD SEED .... Box 13c French's. Well Balanced. FISH FOOD French's. ..DO'OLFOOP... ' ParS'or Ideal. Box 7c Boxes 23c """ ' ™" DOG MEAL 5 Lb. Bag 55c Gaines Dos Food. Value. Motor Oii 10 Qt. Can $1.99 Penn Rad 100% Pure Perm. •RENUZJT., . . Gal. Can 69c French Dry Cleaner CRACKERS . . Lb. Box 18c Country Club Soda. Fresh. CRACKERS . . . Lb. Box 19c Sunshine Krispy. Crisp. CAMERA FILMS Priced GEVAERT From Kroger's Quality Assorted Beef Roast 35c BEEF LOAF . . Lb. 45c BOLOGNA . . . . Lb. 33c Bar-B-Q. Flavorful. Type 1, All Meal. Value. SALAMI Lb. 37c Liver Cheese . . . Lb. 45c All Meal. Seasoned Right. Tasty. For Cold Plates. Grade A Thick Rib Lb. Grade A Beef. Value Lb. WIENERS . . . . Lb. 35c SAUSAGE Lb. 49c Type 1, Holly Brand. Pure Pork FRANKS Lb. 33c WHITING . . . Lb. 16c IfivG. Scaled, Pan Ready. Special Blend for Iced Tea Krogcr's Tasty 80z. Box 8Oz. Tray Banner or reel i .vuod Country Club. No. 2 Can 13c /** n B breen reos « Green Beans Spinach Maxwell House Kellogg Pep Stuffed Olives No. 2 Can Avondnle Slringlcss Coffee Rich Ready Cooked No. a >-. Can Lb. Jar 8 Oz. Box Jack Frost Mann. Value But. lOc 26c Corn finished 1 1-4—2 1-4 cenls lower, January 1.42 1-4—1-2, oats were 1-fi lower to l-!i higher. August 73 1-8, and barley was 1-2 higher. November $1.28. At Minneapolis wheat was 2 1-4—5 cents lower. Wheat was steady today; receipts 122 cars. Corn was 1 to 2 cents lower; bookings 115,000 bushels; receipts 124 cars. Oats were unchanged: shipping sales 100,000 bushels; receipts 157 cars. o • NEW YORK COTTON New York, Aug. 1 —(/I 1 )— Colon futures moved over a wide •angc in active dealings today. Prices rallied a little more than >5 a bale on an early rush of juying .then clipped as much as 1.90 a bale on profit taking and in later dealings rallied to 'inish cents to 1.75 a bale higher. Oct high 34.35 — low 33.o"o — last 33.75-85 up 1-11 Dec high 34.42 — low 33.50 — lasl 33.95-97 up 13-15 Mch hig h34.42 — low 33.20 — lasl 33.66-67 up 19-20 May high 34.0 — low 32.9 G— lasl 33.40-43 up 22-35 Jly high 33.82 — low 32.39 — last 33.12 up 35 Oct high 31.60 — low 31.04 — last 31.12B up 2 Middling spot 34.59N, up G B-bid; N-nominal. NEW ORLEANS COTTON New Orleans, Aug. 1 -—(.-'^—Fluctuation continued erratic over a wide range in cotlon futures here today. Closing prices were steady cents to §1.70 a bale higher. Oct high 33.44 — low 33.64-65 up 1 low 33.23 — close 33.20 close low 33.15 — close low 32.87 — close Dec high 34.51 33.70-90 up 9 Mch high 34.46 33.60-66 up 13 May high 34.25 33.44-45 up 29 Jly high 33.80 — low 32.64 — close 33.04-06 up 34 Spot cotton closed steady 75 cents a bale higher. Sales 1,89,'i; low middling 28.00, middling 33.05; good middling 34.25; receipts none; stocks 244,922. FOR- Local Flights and CHARTERED FLIGHTS also Instructions APPLY AT THE HOPE MUNICIPAL Judge Dexter Bush's Plain Statement as to the LIQUOR QUESTION In view of the fact, that a great many good and conscientious people in Hempstead County have criticized my decision in the recent liquor election case; and, feeling that in a large measure this has been due to a lack of complete understanding on their part as to the legal issues involved in the case, I believe it to be my duty to myself and my friends to make the following statement concerning this case; The law under which the petitioners were seeking to call the election, provides that the court shall order the election upon the petition of 15% of the official list of poll tax payers of the county. The legal issue involved in this case was whether or not the petition contained sufficient signatures as provided by law. Act 622 of the Acts of 1923, provides: It shall be the duty of the Adjutant General of the State in the month of January each year to furnish to the County Clerk of each county in this State a certified list containing the names of all residents of the county who are on active military or naval duty in the Armies and Navies of the United States, and that the county clerk in the month of February of each year shall certify to the county court the poll tax assessments of all such residents of his county as was shown by such list and at the same time to furnish to the tax collectors a copy of such assessments; that the county court or county judge in vacation shall make an order directing the clerk to issue to the collector a county warrant covering the amount necessary to pay the poll taxes of all such soldiers and sailors and to deliver said warrant to the county collector and the county collector shall thereupon RECORD THE NAME OF EACH SUCH SOLDIER OR SAILOR IN THE OFFICIAL LIST OF POLL TAX PAYERS, and such soldier or sailor shall be given credit for such payment and shall be entitled to all the rights and privileges to which he would be entitled if he had paid his poll tax personally. The foregoing law is applicable in those cases where the quorum court of the county has made an appropriation for the purpose of providing funds out of which to pay these poll taxes. No such appropriation was made in Hempstead County, but in 1944 the people of the State of Arkansas by popular vote amended the constitution to provide that soldiers and sailors on active military duty and possessing the other qualifications might vote without the payment of the poll tax. It was therefore unnecessary for the quorum court, which has to do only with the financial affairs of the County, to make an appropriation for this purpose. With this law before me, and with the stipulation of the parties that there were at that time 2500 citizens of Hempstead County who were absent from the county and in the military service in this and foreign lands, I held that the law should be construed thqt these 2500 soldiers, sailors and marines were an integral part of the electorate of Hempstead County and that if the Adjutant General in the absence of these, service men and women had performed the duties required of him by law, that the names of these citizens would have, as they should have, appeared upon the official list of voters and that their absence from such list was in no sense the fault of these service men and women and that they were not thereby deprived of the full fruits of their citizenship. Although I am a veteran of World War I, and have an abiding sympathy for the civil rights of all those who are called from their homes to engage in military service, still my decision was influenced solely by my interpretation of this law. There was no issue of wet and dry before the court in this case, but there was the legal issue involving the constitutional and statutory status of these 2500 persons to be passed upon for the first time by any Court in the State of Arkansas. I decided the case as I thought the law required. The Supreme Court, however, disagreed with my views and reversed my decision. (» Upon this basis it appears that some of Mr. Brown's supporters have seized upon the prohibition question seeking to make it an issue in the Circuit Judge's race. In my opinion, there is and can be no such issue, but if Mr. Brown insists on having such an issue whether or no, then I feel that the people of Hempstead County are entitled to know that in 1935 when the State of Arkansas was bone dry, Mr. Brown as Representative of Clark County, the very driest county in this circuit, cast the deciding vote for the Thorne Liquor Bill, and was not satisfied with that, but also cast the deciding vote for the Emergency Clause, thereby preventing the people of Arkansas from voting upon this law. C. G. HALL Secretary of Stale STATE OF ARKANSAS) COUNTY OF PULASKI) STATE OF ARKANSAS Department of State Little Rock May 1, 1946 I, C. G. HALL, Secretary of State of Ihe State of Arkansas and as such, the keeper of thc Journals of the General Assembly, do hereby certify that I have checked the House Journal of 1935, and find that House Bill 153, which became Act 108 of 1935, known as the Thorn Act, that Representative Brown of Clork County, voted in the affirmative as shown on Page 739 of said Journal. Total votes cast Necessary for passage Total vote in the affirmative Total vote in the negative 99 51 51 48 I further certify that said Journal on page 785 shows that Representative Brown of Clark County voted in the affirmative on the Emergency Clause. Total number of votes cast Necessary for adoption Total voting in the affirmative Total voting in the negative 97 67 67 30 (SEAL) GIVEN UNDER MY HAND AND OFF.'ICIAL SEAL THIS 2ND DAY OF MAY, 1946. C. G. HALL, Secretary of State Political ad puicl for by Dc:;tcr Uush Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor Alex. H. Washburn War Veterans Unsettle Tennessee If you don't think the business of KWng off to war and being away from home n couple of years uii- scttles men when they finally get back, you ought to read today's dispatches about what happened in the rcnncsscc Democratic primary Thursday. Organized war veterans clashed with the political machine's police in thc stormiest election in years —• even for a stale as nol- ably stormy as thc Volunteer coin- It was probably a startling dev- r-Hipment, from Uie viewpoint of Kd Crump's peacetime cohorts — but a wholly natural development Crump is rated about No. 1 as henovclcnt political bosses go. But men just returned from war arc likely lo be rescntlul of even a good ward-heeler. Men experiencing army discipline find on Iheir return home an overwhelming desire to determine whether American political freedom is a myth or Ihc real McCoy. The Tennessee election probably didn't sctllc this point. There were top many contusing elements — as iiAial. For instance', thc anti-Crump tickcl also got the support of thc CIO's Political Action Committee. From the CIO viewpoint, therefore, it was a "reactionary victory." And yet. the very presence of Hope Star WEATHER FORECAST Arkansas: Partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Saturday .A few widely scattered thundershow- crs Saturday and in extreme south and extreme east portions this afternoon. 47TH YEAR: VOL. 47—NO. 248 Star of HODB. 1899; Press. 1927. Consolidated January 18. 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, PRIDAY, AUGUST 2, 1946 the radical and foreign PAC agitators in the South hurt the liberal cause and helped the fortunes of the Crump machine. The soldier-polilicans were caught in the middle. And. in politics, the middle is a bad place to be. 'S -K -K -X 'By JAMES THRASHER Local Political Loyalty Democratic leaders in Rep. Andrew J. May's district are predicting that Ihe Kentucky congressman will be helped rather than hurt in his re-election campaign by being linked with the Mead Committee's investigation of the Gin rson munitions combine. Jf that prediction proves correct, it will lend strength to the theory thnl a local candidate is seldom aided or injured by being the ob^ct of "outside interefcncc." Of course there has been no mem- lion of Mr. May's candidacy in the Garrson hearings. But the situation as regards cause and' effect, resembles some other recent and well-known instances. American attacks on Gen. Juan Pcron didn't prevent his being elected president of Dwight Griswold in Nesbraska and liie President's good word for Burl Wheeler in Montana didn't slave off their defeat for senatorial nomination. ^A nationwide barrage of blasts at £*jon. rf " _odore Bilbo only .seemed to ma,sC him stronger at home. .Mr.-'May is .making, the i^wst''Of , his position 'as a hard-working local boy who's being kicked around. He has written his consti- tucnts thai Sen. Jim Mead's is "crucifying" him in the hope of gelling eleclcd governor ot New York, lie also gives an assisl lo "Reds and PiliKs" who, lie says, arc oul lo gel him for trying to keep atomic bomb secrets "trpm being given away to some foreign nation." ,' This is ovcrsimplifacllon, to say the least. There were bound to be war-piolils scandals after this war. as alter every war. They make line political ammunition for the oppo- silion—and some straws in the wind indicate that the Republicans might gain control of the House in the next election. So the smart thing for the Dcm- ociats lo do was beat the opposition to the punch and start tne in- vestigalions themselves. The safe tiling was to start them in the Senate, where fewer scats are at Hackett Quits; Pilkinfonls New Prosecutor Today James H. Pilkinton of Hope became prosecuting attorney for the Eighth Judicial Circuit composed of Miller, Lafayctlo, Hempstcad, Nevada and Clark counties after the withdrawal of Charles W. Hackett of Tcxarkana. Pilkinton led a field of four candidates 2000 votes in Tuesday's elimination primary election barely missing a majority to almost double Ihc vole of his closest rival Hackcll. The vote was Pilkinton 6113 and Hackctl 3313. In withdrawing from the race Mr. Hackell issued Ihc following statement: "With a heart full of gratiludc to the voters of Miller, LaFayctte, Hcmpslcad, Nevada and Clark counties, for the splendid support 1 received in Ihe recent primary but because of the majority vote received by my opponent in three of the S adjoining counties in the district, 1 fell like responding to the people throughout the district and withdrawing from the prosecuting attorney's race. "Being a cilix.cn of Miller county I particularly appreciate the large vole accorded me in my home county. "In withdrawing from the race for prosecuting attorney, I wish to Hot, Dry Weather Continues in Arkansas By The Associated Press H's gelling hoi again in Arkansas, with shortlived'relief brought by last weekend's rains fast becoming only a memory. The mercury shot to levels as high as 95 in the slalc yesterday, and the U. S. Weather Bureau at kittle Rock forecast higher max- mums for today. At Lilllc Rock, .for instance, the ligh was 02 degrees yesterday but is expected to be between 94 and 96 today. Reporting the highest maximums of 45 yesterday were Kurt ^milh, express my good and best wishes to Mr. Pilkinlon who received Ihc majority vole. It is my desire that all my friends join me in helping him to make the district a good prosecuting attorney." Signed. CHARLES W. HACKETT — o McKellar Is Renominated in Tennessee Nashville, Term.. Aug. 2 — (/P)— Senator Kenneth D. McKellar, the 77-year-old dean of Ihe upper House, won Democratic renomina- tion and a sixth term in Washing- Ion yesterday in a statewide primary election marked by blocxl- sh"d and violence. Backed by the powerful Democratic organization of Edward H. Crump in Shelby county Memphis) the veteran McKellar rolled upa margin of nearly two to one againsl his chief opponent, CIO backed Edward Ward Carmack. The Shelby county vole was an avalanche for McKellar but he out- dislanccd Carmack in the rest of the slate as well .Democratic nomination is equivalent to election. Unofficial returns from 1,!M4 out of approximately 2,300 procincts Cave McKellar 159,790; Carmack 90,578; Byron Johnson 1,736; John Searcy, horning. Blythcvilic traces of rain. The weather Newport, Colbert and Batcsvillc and bureau's forecast today was: partly cloudy this iiftcrnoon and tonight; widely scat- icrcd Ihundcrshowers in extreme south and extreme cast portions this afternoon and Saturday. The predicted Ihundcrshowers. however, are expected to bring lilllc, if any. temporary relief in he areas where they occur. — o Drive Started for Funds to Erect Memorial Veterans organizations this week start a drive to raise money with which lo creel a $4200 memorial for buddies who didn't come Banker Tells of $5.000 Unpaid Loan to May By ALEX H. SJNLETON Washington, Aug. \l— (/I 1 )— Eli-sha Walker, senior partner of the New York firm of Kuhn-Locb, infbrmcd Senator Mead (N-NY) today that in 1941 he lent $5,000 to Rep. Andrew J. May (D-Kyl at the renticst of Munitions-maker Murray Garsson, Walkor said he still has not- been paid back. The New fnrred hire York with financier con- Mcnri. who is 1 back. Headed by the Veterans of Foreign War committees are canvassing local citizens business houses for funds. If you are con- lac:tod give what you can. Contributions may be left at the Star office, or mailed to the American Legion or Ihc VFW. The liirgc grcy-granil memorial will contain the names of all Hempstead dead in both wars. Relalivcs of men lost who were not listed in the recently published official war dead list are asked to contact one of the local organizations by September 1. An effort is being made to list every man in the county who lost his life in the war. Plans now call for dedication of the memorial sometime in November. R. Ncal 1,960. 1,973; Herman H. Ross Also assured of renomination was incumbent Democratic Governor Jim Nance McCord, who ran on a coalition ticket with McKellar and also was supported by the Crump organization. McCord swamped opponent, former Governor Gordon Browning, 155,543 to 101,048 on reports from 1.845 precincts. Browning made the race at the urging of friends despite his job as a lieutenant colonel on the army civil affairs staff in Germany where he remained throughout the electioneering. Hope Students Take Top FHA Miss Virginia Ann Magncss, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. A. F. Mugncss of Emmet and Miss Mary Louise Brown, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. R. P. Brown of Hope, took top honors at the July meeting of chairman of Iho Scnalc War Investigating committee. Afterward, Walker told rcnorlcrs that prior to the maturity of thc note, he had written May 'abmit it, and had received a reply from May "thai he had given Ihe origi- lal nolc as an accommodation to Mr. Garsson and that Mr. Garsson had advised him thai such renewal nole would be paid in a few days." "In view of Mr. May's stalc- mcnl," Walker said, "I" took with Mr. Garsson thc matter up of paving that note. Up to Ihc present time, however, it has nol been paid." Walker !£?h~ M . eans Associated Press INEAI—Means Newsoaocr Enterprise Ass'n. Bong Leaves Small Estate; Insurance Was Invalidated PRICE 5c COPY ?' 2 — The cslale of Ma], Richard I. Bong, 34- year-old pilot who shot down 40 airplanes, amounts to $2,800 and two airplanes. Mrs. Marjorie Bong, his .72-year- old widow, filed a petition for letters of administration yesterday Bong left no will. He had a 520,000 life insurance policy that was invalidated because when he was killed Aug. 6, 1945 he was flying an experimental jet P-30 plane, in violation of a clause in thc policy. Mrs. Bong now is tutoring fashion models. said he had placed the ", : ,take and the Democratic majority .. Although his principal b-.-ckcr. seems more secure. thc Nashville fenncsscean, early A logical group to do thc inves- i conceded ' his defeat, Carmack • - - - • • early today still withheld formal conceding, saying only "if I am convinced I have lost this race I shall wire congratulations to Sen- McKellar." Carmack';; race was the first full-fledged test of PAC influence in Tennessee, for he was endorsed formally by Iho slate PAC while a national PAC executive expressed disapproval of McKellar as a leader of "southern reactionaries." McKellar has been a member of the Sonat of or 29 years and a national legislator :;incc 1911. Next March ho will begin his 3()lh year in the Senate which ho said was a distinction held by only 10 men in the history of the nation. As "acting vice president" he sits in ligaing was the warlimo Special Committee to Investigate the Na linnal Defense Program. 11 was Mi. Mead's political good fortune that seniority lifted him to the committee's lop seal when Chairman Harry Truman went to the White House. A record of fearless, impartial investigation and examination would be a handy thing lo carry into a campaign with former District Attorney "Tom Dc" wey. ivla.vbe that's why Mr. Mead selected the Garsson case, complete with Congressman May, as a major production. Maybe not. After all, "Reds and Pinks" aren't the only ones opposed to Mr. May's favored plan of having military control ol atomic energy, which his position as head of the House Military Affairs Committee might help him put through. Mr. May's present plight may be strategy or coincidence. But il n r.vill be interesting to sec once again how regional pride and loyal- ally react to whatever cold, hard facts arc brought out, when those gelling a going-over from a bunch facts concein a local boy who is of strangers. Prosecutor Says Heirens io Confess Tuesday Chicago. Aug. 'I (UP i— An announcement from Slide's Attorney William J. Tuohy indicated today that William Heirens. 17. now could be expected \u confess io him next Tuesday Ihc sidnap-slay- ing uf Su/.annc Degnan and two other killings. Tuohy emerged about 11:10 a.m. from a conlercncc with Hire o of Hcirons' attorneys, thc second in thrr-o days sinco Heirens oalkcd 'it making a confession, and announced iluil ihe prosecution and defense conferences would be re- '•Hiiiicu al lu:,iU a. .111. Tuesday. »• There were some who believed Hint Hcii'cns still might be balking al telling Tuohy the full .story of Ihe slaving;; nc has admitted orally. But Tuohy. his assistant Wilbcrt. Crcwley, and the three defense al- lurncys, John and Mai Coughlan and Alvin Hansen, appeared uj be in good humor when ihcy emerged from Tuohy's office after u conference of little more than 40 min- utea. on President meetings. Truman's Future Homcmakcrs of America al Camp Couchdale. Miss Magncss was elected president of the state organidalion and will preside over future meetings. She also is prosidcnl of Ihe Hope FHA chapter and secretary of the Arkadclphia Federation of Southwest Arkansas. She will be a senior at Hope High School this fall. Miss Brown, an honor graduate of Hope High School this year, was awarded an all-expense scholarship to Magnolia A. & M. College al the meeting winning out over statewide competition. She served as president of the Hope chapter during the 1945-4G term, was a member of Ihc Nalional Honor Society and active in school organizations. -o- — Memphis Mayor Expected to Resifrt Soon Memphis, Tcnn., Aug. 2 —i/I'i — Mayor Walter Chandler is expected to re-sign, effective '.Sept. 1, thc Commercial -•Appeal reported to- dfiy,-,-,addlng .that the "best bcl" for • successor'm is City Attorney James J. Pleasants. Chandler-declined comment on the lie-port..' •' The paper said the mayor had wanted to leave the office in 1942 but was persuaded to remain until the end of the war. Chandler took office in 1!MO after serving in the House of Represent;!. details of tho case before Mead because he "thought the committee should have all thc facts" concerning the relations between Garsson, one of a munitions combine which has been under investigation, and May. chairman of the House Military committee. Garsson first approached him in the spring of 1D41, Walker said, asking him to participate in. thc acquisition of ."some Manganese properties in West Virginia," He said he told Garsson, after investigation, that he was not in- terestcd. and that "at about that time or shortly thereafter, Mr. Garsson told me thai ho needed ;j;5,OOQ and -.sked if I could advance thai amount." Walker said that he, himself showed "foinc hesitation,' 1 and that Garsson then inquired whether "I would be willing lo make Ihc loan on Ihe note of Mr. Andrew J. May." Walker said thai he replied that lie WOIKV be willing to do so on that basis, adding that he had "novM- :TIC! or hac any relations with Mr. May, but, of course, he was Known to me by reputation." He reported that a short time laier, Garsson camo 'o his office and handed him a promissory note for $5,000 signed by May, 'dated April 2 ,1941, and made payable four months i«tcr. Garsson ho said, asked Mm to deliver io him the chec-K ior the amount of the loan "made out to the order of Mr. May." He did Ihis. Walker said, bill only aflcr he telephoned May in Washington "and he tonfiimcd that Mr. Garsson was authorised to deliver the note and receive the check." May, who h^s said he helped thc Girsson rniiiiitiors companies during war t:mc only to speed thc war ofiort, is on Ihe committee's wilnt.is list. Howevei, his doc'or has certified he is too ill to -ceslify Injuries Are Fatal to Sgt. Durden Mrs. W. A. Price has been notified her son-in-law, TVSgt. Al Durden. veteran of two world wars, died July !) from injuries suffered in an accident at Alburqucrqut. N. M., on July .2Sgt. Durden was on duty when the accident occurred and was given a military funeral at Alburqucrque yesterday. Ho was in Ihe first outfit at Barksdalo Field, Shrcvcporl and write sport news for the flying 'icld, being connected with the pubic relations office there, o- cabinol lives .from 1 district. the 10th congressional With Extra Session Unlikely, 78th Congress Speeds Toward Final Adjournment Today WILLIAM F. ARBOGAST hington, Aug. \i -- (/]')— Thc Vfitli Congress, which learned with Presidents Roosevelt and Truman By ' Was (j) — session aflcr the November elec- in carrying thc burdcn.s of but balked on many home-front mat- torsJ, .sped toward final adjournment today. With an eleventh-hour compromise worked out to frce/.e the so ciiil security last-minute flurry over a world court proposal was the only threat lo plans ior sine die adjournment Ioday but ihe Senate has held up on ihe suggestion. Barring an emergency that would cause thc. president to recall it ,ror a special .session, the 79th Congress will not meet again once il closes the books ,1'or ihe Congress that convenes in anuarv will be a new one. ,he I'Oth. The fact that a iicw '.'uiign.'.ss will be elected in NovcrnLcr \vus one of the compelling rcauun:; ilial prompted the body to take its lung- esl vacation in eight years. All 135 House seats and 32 of !!<e JU in Ihe Senate will be filled. HI d members seeking re-election want ample lime tu campaign. Even as they begun leaving for their homes, many members felt they might be recalled intu special lions. Should the Republican party make good its boast thai il will win control of the House in lht> new Congress, they i'ccl certain that President Truman will make one effort io win approval of some of his domestic legislative proposals from the Democratic 79lh. Many of those proposals already have been rejected ihe 71)th which often ignored ihe expressed wishes of thc chief executive. Bill on the other hand it went, down the line with both Mr. Roosevelt ;md ills .successor on international issues and on mailer!; Dealing with Ihe A'ar, which was in progress on two fronts wh"^ the Congress .first convened on .lan- In one phase of its investigation that of faulty mortar shells which killed American sold^er.s who fired them—the committee got aid^ from batllcfront veterans. From one combat soldier came an offer to supply the committee with the "lol numbers" of bad 4.:a shells supplied ihe lOlOh chemical mortar battalion in Italy. A second letter related thai ; complete report had been fur nishcd thc chemical warfare scrv ice of a test at Fort Bragg, N C during which a mortar shell ex plodcd at tho muzzle, killing 01 wounding the entire crew. "These reports show that loi number of the defective round and from that information Ihe manufacturer can be ascertained,' it said. A third 'ormcr soldier, volorav of the European champaign, in funned thc committee that he had kept a record of defective snolls sent lo thc G5lh chemical company in Belgium. "The records of Ihis work must, be some place and I believe you could get some valuable information from them," lie wrote. With these—and more than a half-hundred other letters in hand —committee members declared that they would press the chemical warfare service for quick delivery of Ihc lot numbers of all 1.2 shell purchases, and the manufacturers Frank Drake Leases Diamond Cafe Opening of the Diamond Cafe within the next few days was an- lounccd today by Frank Drake. Hcmpstead man who has iusl ro- .urncd from 4Va years service with thc Army Air Corps, Iwo of which .verc spent overseas. Mr. Drake is well known in Hope Having been in the cafe business here a number of years prior lo thc war. He attended school here and was a member of thc football team several years. He plans lo use thc same loca lion in Hotel Henry having closed the lease and purchase of equipment last night. o l,OOp Veterans Smash Political Machine in Tennessee Election Riot Canadian Head Seeks Speed in Peace Parley By A. I. GOLDBERG Paris, Aug. 2 — <v\ —Prime Minister W. L. MacKenzie King of Canada proposed before Ihc 21-na- lion peace conference today that the council of .foreign ministers of the four principal powers speed the writing of the peace by holding a meeling on their own during the conference. King said: "I would like -;o sec the four great powers willing to consider and consider promptly any changes in the foreign ministers' proposals (contained in the five draft treaties before the conference) which arc seriously sug- gesled by strong argumcnls. I hould like lo see any suggested cnanges considered by fore the vote is taken.' iheni be- Under the present procedure any changes suggested by i.hc conference have to be approved by the foreign ministers of Britain, Russia, France and the United Stales. The Canadian prime minister's speech before the general assembly followed a morning of wrangling in Ihe rules committee over whl should be permanent chairman of the conference. The question was left undecided. Preceding King, the foreign minister of Czechoslovakia, an Masaryk, in an obvious reference to Hungarian minorities within his Washington, Aug. 2 — OP) — 5 Attorney General Tom Clark ordered an investigation today of last night's election gun battle at Athens. Twin., in which at least six men were sreiously wounded. The Justice Department said without elaboration that Clark has ordered the civil rights section of the department io determine whether federal laws were violated. By LARRY DALE Athens, Term., Aug. 3— (UP) — A force of 1,000 former G. I.'s and Iheir followers won a gory, six- hour battle today over the McMinn county election machine and Athens became a city without, law as Gov. Jim McCord rescinded an order for state militiamen to move into the shot-torn town. McCord said in Nashville his information was that "everything is quiet and orderly in Athens this morning" and "I feel certain the splendid citizenship of McMinn county will be calm and maintain order." In a joint announcement with Col. Hilton Butler, state adjutant general, McCord revealed that the militiamen had been told to return lo Iheir homes. Bui spokesmen for the hastily- formed committee to preserve order in the strife-ridden town urgently denied that order had been restored and telephoned a new appeal for state guardsmen to the capital city of Nashville, some 125 miles lo the northwest. The downtown slrects were choked with throngs in tho grips of a destruclivc mob spirit. Armed with axes, lire tools and clubs, they hacked and bashed to wreckage a dozen automobiles that were overturned during the fighting last night. As new appeals for help went to the governor's office, at least one to whom assigned. those Jot numbers were At the same lime. Senator Knowland (R-Calif isaid that iho committee _ would _ "insist" ihwl th service search produce reports on Three months later, on April 1". i! \\c-alhercd th'.' bhouk uf iho den death of Mr. Roosevelt and helped one of it;, former colleague!-. Harry S. Tiuimin, then vice yi'-i'si- dcnt. pick up the burden of lending the lalion'ji war 'jffoil. .11 <.•<>• operated with Mr. Truman until of Germany and Ja:-an. poliliciil "honeymoon" be- the The tween the new president and Congress ended abruptly in September, Continued on Pay.; Two criminal warfare __. .._. its records thoroughly and "all" the records and rc|, defective mortar shell casualties •'Once we get these, plus the lir.sl-hund accounts from those in the field." s;>id Knowland, a combat officer in World War 11, "it .should be an easy matter to pin down tho responsibilty for thcr produclon." Dsclosurc of the faulty mortar shells first came in ihe'course o the committee's inquiry into the wartime operations of a ?ininitions combine and the part Rep. May (I)-Ky). played in .Helping it obtain contracts worth more than 78.- Eric Basin Metal Products, Inc. one ol 19 companies in the combine, was one of the country's duel process of this tyoc of a'm- munilion. There has been no testimony, however, that Kric produced clclcctivc. ammunition. The committee planned io go into a huddle behind closed doors today to map uut a program of con- 'inning mvcKligalions through the impending cuiigrcsional rue-ess. Among Ihe decisions expected to be readied is whether to send a subcommittee west for public hearings al San Francisco and Hawaii in connection with its in- vesiigalions inio the canol and Alaska Highway projects. Tidelands Veto Upheld by House Washington, Aug. 2 —f/P)— Thc House ioday sustained President Truman's veto of thc Tidelands bill, thus killing ihe legislation. Thc vote was 139 :"or overriding the veto and 95 against, but this fell 17 ballols short of the two- thirds majority required to enact a measure inio law over Ihe president's objection. Thc action thus gave Mr. Turman a victory in a last-minute flarcup of discord with thc 79th congress. Previously, thc House has sustained his vetoes on thc case labor disputes bill and thc first OPA continualion measure. In each case a majority, b u t nol two thirds, voted io override. Earlier, the bill's sponsors had indicated they would not make a fight againsl Ihc vclo, because they did not believe they had the strength in the Scnalc (9 gel a two-thirds majority required to override. Mr. Truman sent the bill back to the lawmakers yesterday with thc declaration that the Supremo court, not congress, should decide the issue involved. Thc legislation, bv renouncing all federal claims would have given stales clear title to certain oil- rich lands, chiefly those between the three-mile limit and thc low- tide mark along the nation's coast. Bombs Explode Just Outside Jewish City By ELIAV SIMON Jerusalem, Aug. 2 — <UP>—Two bombs exploded today outide Tel Aviv, where tho British were winding up an intense search f"!- extremists, and a military cordon was thrown around tho Kchavia Jewish quarter in Jerusalem. All of Palestine seethed with unrest. Sporadic ouclrgppings of violence were matched by Ihc lightening of British counter-measures. A fleet of small craft was reported cruising somewhere off Palestine with some 10,000 refugees who cannot legally enter '.his cotin- mlry. Runioio circulated that an attempt might be made io liberate hundreds of illegal immigrants detained at Haifa. Without explanation the British Army suddenly revoked an -:-'irlier order lifting the rigid curfew on Tel Aviv, which had boon scheduled for this afternoon. Thc revocation said the' ending of the curfew would not bo announced until half an hour before the four-day search of thc city was over. Nazi Commander in Norway to Pay With Life Brunswick, Germany. Aug. 'I •i.'V' — Gen. Nikolau.s ' vi.'ii Ffllkcn- hursl. German occupation commander .in Norway, was sentenced today to death before a firing squad. A British and Noiwcgian military court convicted him of responsibility for the execution of Allied commandos captured in Nor- f ° r » rotccti °» o£ . The automobiles, most of, them ujiiuiji>.y 451 uu^js. Under pre-war treaties, Hungar- an minorities in Czechoslovakia praclically enjoyed auldhomy. Since the end of the second world war Czechoslovakia has insisted upon getting rid of both German and Hungarian minorities, who conlribuled lo- breakup of the -country after Ihe Munich agreement of l OQn IkMO. Many of the smaller nations, led by New Zealand, lined up against a decision of the foreign ministers of the four principal powers — Britain, thc Uniled Slales, France and Soviel Russia — lo rotate the, chairmanship among themselves, but the issue did :iol reach a vote. When Hector MacNeil, speaking for the British, called on the proponents of a single chairman io offer a proposal which would specifically call lor the election by acclamation of President Georges Eidault of France as permanent chairman, Soviet Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov poinledly remarked, "in Ihis very room Ihc foreign ministers made thc decision to have a rotating chairmanship." Looking over his nosc-pinchcr glasses in the direction of the Brit- lish clclegalion, Mololov said "I cannot understand 'those who voted for it in thc Foreign Ministers council now coming nerc to vote against it." MacNeil had said: "We want to gel on with our work xxx and quit making speeches. I .hope as we go along wo will be able lo throw aside our Continued on Page Two hard-to-get 1942 models, belonged to Ihc deputies, The 1942 Chevrolet of Deputy Frank Walker was set upon by a mob that rendered it into smashed junk in a matter of minutes. As thc rear compartment of Walker's, car was smashed .open, the leaders found a cache of shut- gun shells and with a lusty yell tossed them one by one into the mob-crazy crowd. Youngsters eight and 10 years old joined in thc destruction. At 9:30 a. m. (CST) every office in the courthouse was locked tight and thc building was deserted. At thc height of the rcsurging violence someone fired a shotgun blast inio a first floor courthouse window but no one was injured. A stubble-bearded farmer in dirty overalls and a stained felt 'hat joined thc mob and asked for some ammunition. "Give me a handful of them shells, he's been living off us long enough," he growled .referring io Deputy Walker. There was an unconfirmed rc- porl thai the veterans had broken inio the stale guard- armory, bul it may have been one of dozens of rumors thai flashed with lightning speed through the surging, excited crowds. Thc mounting sun attracted :"lics to a block-long rail of blood ihat led Trom thc battle-scarred jail to thc litllc brick hospital where Drs. C. O. and W. K. Force worked wearily around the clock treating thc casualties. Continued on Page Two Trial of 21-German War Criminals Becomes Chief Attraction for Tourists ffv By HAL BOYLE Nuernberg, Germany — dl'i — The 21 members of the vanished Na/.i hierarchy being tried here for war crimes have become Ihe biggest tourist attraction in Germany. They don't like it. At each recess spectators crowd lo tin- railing to gel as close a look as possible al Iho men whose empire has come down to a prison cell and a seat in a courtroom box. "Look al Hess!" someone cx- flaims audibly. "Look at Julius Strcicher, he's eating a piece of bread! ' Particularly maddening to thc defendants are spectators who stare at them through binoculars. This so cnrancs Alfred Jodl, the loan rod-nosed former chief of staff of the German general staff, ihat on occasion he screws his hards to- gethc-r around his eyes ;is if he held a pair of field glasses himself and glares back at ihe offending onlooker, jabbering angrily in German tho while. This performance always brings an audience laugh, and angers odl n vc»ii mo i-n has wearied thc entire court, and Ihc proceedings drone to thc climax in a gathering inertia. Everybody seems wood-bombed. Only during excess periods do the defendants snap out of their half- coma and exchange notes and brief jests. Hermann Goering remains the most virile, commanding presence. and the one who has won most courtroom respect because of his lack of hypocrisy and his continued allegiance to his dead fuehrer. Americans like loyalty in a man — even if he is serving the devil. Goering lias an almost benevolent profile, bul when he turns his head you got a sudden shock as it you had dived into a woodland pool and came up to find "yourself staring into the leering face of a satyr. The eyes have a thyroid intensity. the mouth holds a voluptuous cruelly, and thc skin of his checks hangs loosely over the lost fat. Pnysicians have weaned him from thc narcotics habit. He sits hunched forward with an Amcri- f*;i n u i*m v hi a n tr rtt \u»«?a i-» »•»/•»/-! M i*/»» i >ir\ even more. can army blanket wrapped around It is strange to see these men his body. Sciatica troubles him. standing trial for a world's misery. "He nas lost interest," one court- They look so harmless surrounded room attendant told me, "since nis by wooden barriers armed attempt failed to create a legend guards. And lo read iheir defense around Hitler. He feels the other briefs — if he hadn't read the cvi- defendants Jet him down." dcncc massed against them — a Now when a (Jcrman attorney newcomer from another planet speaks disparagingly of Hitler as might think them a must \ irluom. I a man who befuddled his followers imi-ohfcl upon and betrayed group of men. Their long confinement has broken ihe cockiness of most defendants — they all have had a chance tu tell their stories, and now as the purple of black-robed German defense attorneys present their final .summaries., the defendants siit dully or stare moodily around the room. Thc eight-month tide of words and led his iiatipn to ruin, Goering cups his face in hi;, nands slowly shakes his head. and Thc shadow of Adolf Hitler hangs heavily over thc entire trial. You can't escape feeling that if thc chief architect of World War 11 were in the defense box, the world would more surely learn from his vainglorious life Ihc lesson il musi learn to keep ihe pattern of peace. U.S. Marines in China Bolstered by Big Tanks By TOM MASTERSON Peiping, Aug. 2 — UPi— With tanks available if needed, U. S. Marines today took up their regular patrols of the Tientsin-Peiping highway on. which an ambush by Chinese Communists on Monday cost the lives of four members of a marine motor convoy. Three marines were killed outright and one of 12 wounded died today. The marines had been patrolling the road in routine fashion for months to insur cdelivcry of supplies to the Americans at Chinese truce headquarters here. Tvto Qhincse government officials warned them today that further clashes with the Communists could be expected. The marine corps has announced that three marines were killed and 12 wounded in the ambush of the convoy 35 miles southeast of Peip- ing. The communists have- admit-' ted involenment, but say thi marines and government trbops "made a surprise attack." Tsai, who is leaving within a few days for the United States, forecast "further moves by the communists to create incidents forcing the withdrawal of American' forces from China." A high official of the government's special police asserted that communist headquarters had ordered Reds in north China "to clash with United States forces and mobilize people in areas where the forces are located' to .start an anti-American movement" He said the purpose?of the order;, was "to create incidents ba'cking • up the communist program a t- lempting to get "Americari-'forces," out of China." Jackson Silent on Resuming Court Duties Washington, Aug. 2—(/PJ—Associate Justice Robert Jackson returned today from Nuernberg but declined to say whether he will resume his duties on the supreme court where he has been publicly critical of Justice Hugo Black. Jackson told reporters who met him al Ihe Nalional airport he would comment only on the war crimes trial where he is the United Stales prosecutor. Asked specifically about returning to ihe bench, Jackson said: "I won't have anything to say except about Nuernberg." Shortly after Fred Vinson was named chief justice io succeed the late Harlan F. Stone Jackson issued a statement while abroad June 10 critical of Black's participation in deciding a case in which a former law partner represented one party. Black has not commented. When he may return to Ger-' many, Jackson said, "depends on the course of events there." Before his departure from Nu- remburg Wednesday Jackson said he would be gone only temporarily, planning to return by mid-September. Jackson said ho had no definite plans for Ihe immediate future beside going for at least a few days lo his home at suburban Langle'y, Va. While turning aside a direct question of whether he proposed to return to the court, Jackson said in a brief remark for newsreels that he planned to "resume his normal work." He did not elaborate. Referring to the .Nuernberg trial of Nazi war prisoners, Jackson said the prosecution had presented since last November the "most closely documented case in the world's history." Documents seized from th Germans, ho said, convinced him beyond doubt that crimes had taken place "which 1 did nol believe before could be committed in the 20th century." "Our hope is that 1hc trial to some cxtenl at least will deter future international aggression, 11 Jackson said. The justice was accompanied by his son, Naval Lieut. Robert E. Jackson and was met by his wife. B-29 Cross°e7u7s. in 7 ] /2 Hours to Set New Record Burbank. Calik.. Aug. 2—(ypi—An Army B-28 Superfortress roan l across the continent in 7 hours and 28 minutes yesterday, setting a new ca.;t lo west speed record between New York and Burbank. Piloted by C'aot. Boyd L. Grubaugh of Van Wert. Ohio, veteran of the first Super-fort bombing of: apan. ilic plane broke he previous record of 9 hours and 23 minutes, established last May 28 by a Lockheed navy Neptune. The B-29. carrying a crew of six and 8,705 gallons of gasoline, .flew al aboul 30,000 feel ovor the 2.4GO- milc route. 1 fl 1 ll I 1

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