ft m m m I Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor Alex. H. Washburn Home Medical Practice Not So Good The current issue (if tlu> Satur- clny livening Post curries the now- VJsl of n series of medical announcements aimed to toll tin; public the firim truth nbout some of the so-ciillcd "miracle drugs" which have developed within recent ycais. About a year ago the public was warned against attempting to use sulfa drug as a household remedy. Articles in the press and magazines quoted medical authorities as saying that use of the drug developed in the patient a cumulative effect: That is, if you used up your bodily "allowance" of sulfa d'rugs i'lor minor ills you might not be able to accept sulia at all when a leal emergency came. New the current Post tells us of a strange development in the case of the newest 'miracle Hope WEATHER FORECAST Arkansas: Partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Friday; scattered afternoon thundershowers in extreme south portion. 47TH YEAR: VOL. 47—NO. 247 Star of Hooe. 1899: Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18. 1929. dru;;s' — penicillin. Penicillin, it is reported by medical researchers. lost much of its early effectiveness — and then this odd fact came to light: That while penicillin is sure death to germs at first some of the germs are able to set up n defense against it.. > And here is the amazing conclusion of the medical researchcis: That, only the strongest germs being able to withstand the drug, if you use penicillin and don't kill all the germs at once your disease may actually get worse instead of better! Obviously the public has no business fooling around with drugs that the medical wr.rld itself doesn't know too much about as yet. Former Hope Girl Dead in Chicago Monroe, La.. Aug. 1 — The Chicago poliee department has notified L. V. Tarver, local probation olfieei, that there is in the morgue in that city the body of Miss Matlie Uempsey, 2!!, lormerly of Mon,\ roc, and that up to now fruitless "* efforts have been made to locate anv relatives. The matter was referred to the probation office here as her case was handled by the local office as a juvenile back in 1931, at which time she was sent to the Convenl of thl Good Shepherd in New Orleans. Her father, H. Frank Dempscy. was at that time an employe of the Louisville Cooperage company here, but he removed to Hope. Ark., where he was last heart* • from. The communication failed to tel! of the time or circumstances o the death, but did state that the identification was made throng) fingerprints. Efforts are being made to locate any possible relatives in Monroe 01 vicinity who may claim the body for burial. If any of these arc contacted, they arc asked to notify at the cailicst Mr. Tarver's office, Ouachita parish courthouse, room 303, telephone 1283. ' War Assets Studies Social Security Tax Hike Plan Up to Congress By PRACIS M. LcMAY Washington, Aug> ) —-(/D-— R,^ C . ing toward final adjournmr-:-t by nightfall tomorrow, the historic 79th Congress — which wrote •••ulcs of wiir and charted a course to peace — stumbled today over a dispute involving rich and poor stales. The session-end deadlock is over social security legislation, and, un- .less Congress acts, il will result in an increase of old age insurance taxes from one per cent to 2.5 per cent on employes' nay and employers' payrolls next Jan Meanwhile, the lawmakers HOPE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, AUGUST 1, 1946 minute sent bills flood of other last ( the White House. These were the 'asl-moving scs- Mon-ond developments: L The $3,000.000.000 GI terminal iny bill was put on President Tru- nan'o desk. It cleared both the Senate and House .yesterday. 2. Senator Morse (R-Oi-ogon) moved in the Senate for accopt- incc of compulsory jurisdiction of he international court of .K'stico. This would give the court :"uli rights ;o settle a wide assortment .if America's legal disputes with other nations. A two-thirds Senate vote is necessary for the motion to carry. House action is ool required. An attempt to enact ihe anti- tax bill before digress quits tailed yesterday when the Sciiate refused lo limit debate. 4. The Senate brought forward Ihe last appropriation bill of vhe session — a 2,479.(W3.210 measure including more :"uncls for .he resurrected OPA and money "or iviy- menls on the GI terminal pay bill. The Senate War Investigating Committee continued its inquiry into war contracts. There were indications, however, il will iakc an extended cummer reces. Along with a raft of minor bills. Mr. Truman yesterday sinned a measure authorizing Ihc treasury to sell its unpledged silver at 00.5 cents an ounce, and to buy newly mined silver at the same price. Mr. Truman used a silver pen to affix his signature. House Democratic leaders resorted to extraordinary means to break the deadlock — only throat to adjournment plans •— that developed as a group of .Republicans launched a last ditch battle against a Senate provision of the social security bill thai would give proportionately larger federal grants io low income stales for needy aged, blind, and dependent cnildrcn.' , .Ucp. Knutson fR-Minm blocked efforts to send the legislation, by the usual unanimous consent method, to a House-Senate conference committee for an ironing out of differences. Knutson said he would exhaust every means to remove the variable grants provision from the bill. State Hospital Daily Average Is 4,677 Patients Group I * D* J Line mas Washington, Aug. 1 •— (/!'>— War Asscls Administration officials today began a detailed study of Hi complex proposals for the government-owned big and little inch pipelines. The bids were opened and read publicly yesterday, but il will take several weeks '.or the agency io complete its analysis and decide whether it can accept any of ihc offers. They ranged as high as $14(i,000.000 lo buy and $220.000,000 for ii 40-year lease. Some bids came from firms already established. Others wore from individuals or groups who planned to organi/e corpor.ilions or cooperatives to take over the war- built linos which cost iho government $14 r i.HOO.Odd. L. G. Marshall, chief of WAAs' utilities division, said it will take ;,l loasl 30 clays for his staff to make a detailed study of the proposals. It will not be possible to determine the successful bidder, if any, until thai study ij completed, ho said. Some of the bids called for conversion of both linos to gas transportation. Others would use the lines for gas and oil and others proposed use of them to carry only oil and oil products. The $l4(i,000,000 purchase offer for Ihc linos came from Frank M. MoCJraw. of Anni:;ton. Ala., along with a proviso that there should bo a 1 pel cent per year reduction for depreciation from (he tii"e the lines first wore put into use by Hie government. WA'A said one offer, that of L.M. CiUibco. of Dallas, Texas, and associates, called for lease of the little inch liia- but removal from its present location. II would relocate between the Permain basin in Wost Texa.i and California and operate as a common carrier of crude oil. Another proposal was road from W. Loo Clements;, of Barton .Ark. Freighter Sinks With 6 Passengers, 51 Crewmen Aboard Now York. Aug. 1—i/l'i--TI>» now ( !',,25il-ton freighter, American Farmer, carrying six passengers, fil crow members and !!,')00 tons of vitally needed food '.'or Great Britain, sank lai'l ni<;ht about 400 mil°s west of Iho Knglish const after colliding wilh i lie cattle ship Wi. 1 - Jiaiu' J. l.'idclle. R. K. Olds turned oot 3.000 curs in his Michigan plant by hand methods in 1902. Washington .Aug. 1 -— iff Kansas' state hospital for diseases had an average daily rc-sT- ucnl-palicnt populalion of 4.677 — or 111.4 percent of its capacity — in 1944. the Bureau of the Census reported today. Total expenditure for and maintenance of the hospital for the year v 304 — approximately 2(: I dent-patient, the bureau's report showed. The average 'national expenditure per resident-patient during 1944 was $30(i. The report also disclosed that Ihe Arkansas hospital had 13- '* em- ployes, including physicians, nurses and others, for every 1,000 resident-patients. )— Armenia.) operation Arkansas as $1,230,' pe>- rosi- Here's One Way to Get a New Car Or Is It? Fort Smith, Aug. I — Ct')— Ward Staccy of Fort Smith, has asked the chancery court here to restrain the Packard Fort Smith Co., from selling any more automobiles until it delivers one to him. The plaintiff alleged that the dealer agreed to deliver him the seventh new car it received when Slacey turned over nis old car to ihc company last March. Slaecy charged dial the company had received 15 but had delivered none to him. o •— Bread, Flour Increase Gets non By MARTIN L. ARROWSMITH Washington. Aug. 1 — (/I 1 )— The government is trying lo reach a decision today on whether to allow price increases of a penny a loaf on bread and about a cent a pound on flour. Top OPA and Agriculture Department officials conferred on ihis as the new price decontrol board pushed plans to start public hearings by August 12 on this issue: Should price ceilings be restored August 20 on meats, dairy products, grains, cotton seed and soy beans? Chairman Roy L. Thompson announced last night that as soon as the board has decided this, it will tackle the question of whether controls should go back on eggs, poultry, tobacco and petroleum. Ceilings cannot be re-invoked on these latter items before August :!0 in any event, nor thereafter with- oul consent of the board. As for the possibility of higher bread and flour prices, an official in a position to know told a reporter privately that a boost in ceilings has been recommended to OPA Chief Paul Porter by his aides. However, even if Porter concurs, the approval of the Agriculture Department is required to pi". increases on these food items into effect. The recommendation submitted to Porter is based on a tentative decision against roslorating the flour subsidy which lasped July 1 .In this decision OPA officials took Ihe stand that the subsidy could be paid again only if the decontrol board voles lo restore ceilings on wheat. Porter and the Agriculture Department must review this decision Ion. The subsidy held down retail prices a cent a loaf on bread and about a cent a pound on flour. Since il lapsed (here has been no upward adjustment of ceilings lo compensate millers for loss of the gf'ornmont payments. The subsidy amounted to $1.03 on each 100 nounds of flour. OPA said. Officials predicted that any ceiling price increase may amount to about $1.11 to offset a rist in wheat costs since grain controls expired. In announcing August 12 as the tentative date (or the start of pub- lie hearings, Thompson said \he decontrol board will give representatives of agriculture, industry and consumer groups an opportunity to present their \ r icws on whether controls should be restored on meats, dairy products .grains. cot- Ion seed and soy beans. The board plans to hold separate hearings on commodities in each of these categories. Thompson said rules of procedure will be announced by next Tues.clay. • POSTMASTER APPROVED Washington, Aug. 1—(,1>i— Nomination of Gratia M. Vinson as postmaster at Armorcl. Ark., has been approved by the Senate. Eight Months on a Bench With No Time Off Is Pretty Tough for Judges in War Trials By HAL BOYLE Nuernberg, Germany — i/l . Shipwreck Kelly had nothing on the eight judges of the international military tribunal: He never sat for eight months on a bench without a working day off. The judges have. Since lasl November 20. no member of the tribunal has been absent for the courtroom in the ease of humanity versus 21 men «md a giiost. The ghost i.; Martin Bormann. Hitler's twilight deputy, who |s believed dead out is being tried j n absoiiiia Anyway just in case lie tin us u)) later among the living. The 21 men, of course, are Hermann Goering and a score of other prominent ox-salesmen of ihe Swastika. Despite their long training in Na;-.i parly bombast they have shown marked lack of endurance in weathering the flood of more than 4,(100.DUO words spoken into Die official record since the trial began. "The dotonclants don't always appear, but Iho Ridges always do'." said Anne Keeslian. Chicago, who has .supervised the pressroom irom ihe beginning. "Tlie defendants can go io sleep in court, loo, and iho judges can't. Soi nel i iiiC-s they look as if ihey might bo nodding. But then they pop up with a qi.u.ilion ilial snows they're right on the ball. l'\e icvor caught one lapping .vol." Tin's judicial record of polled allciulani-r is made inoro remarkable by tin- .iiiol that iho judges from America, Britain and Franco are all in Iheir elder vears. The two Russians are the lro.sliino:i of the bench in point of age. As the trial winds wordily toward an expected verdict in September home 1.501) persons tuirl nine electric mimeograph machines j lethargic svheols. I "Of course, it's tapered off a good bit now," said Miss Keoshan. "Many more were employed at the start :>f Iho trial." The transcript of icstimony and argument now runs about 14,000 pages, and is increasing al better than a hundred pages a clay. Indicative of the failing world >n- lercst in this eventful but .snail- paced drama is the shrinkage of the correspondents' corps from 300 newsmen representing :i3 countries to 75 men and women "rom eight countries. Britain has the largest representation. There wore 249.H27 words of news copy tiled the day Juslice Robert Jackson, the American prosecutor, made his opening statement. On July 1 the daily He dropped io 1.200 wordi. Throughout the trial it has averaged about 05,000 words. All 21 defendants arc still on- joying their American-made calories in reasonable health, but Ihe trial has resulted in some attrition of the tribunal's personnel. One court interpreter and a Polisn newspaperman died, a public relations officer suceumcd of a .heart attack and a Russian prosecutor kiV/rd himself while cleaning Ins revolver. It should bo chronicled, as a footnote to the old theory xhal crime never pays around a courtroom, thai one German kitchen employe w is apprehended leaving iho si-oiie uiih his coal lining stuffed wilh eot'loc. On iho other Hand. ..mo 001- rospuiidenl complains ihat ihc gasoline was stolen from his jeep in daylight — "broad daylight." he said — \vliile it was in a parking lot fitly fool from the military police's pass inspection post under the court windows. This mystery has yet lo bo re- Slavs Protest Trieste Plan by Ministers Paris. Aug 1 — t/P)— The Yugoslav delegation served notice at the peace conference today that it would not accept the compromise solution on Trieste. The foreign ministers council recently voted to establish Trieste as international territory under United Nations authority. The U. N. has not accepted the responsibility, however. Edward Kardcl.i. Yugoslav vice premier and spokesman for Premier Marshal Tito's peace conference delegation, attacked the so- called "French line" of demarcation between Italy and Yugoslavia. "It abandons large, secl ; ons of our people to the oppression of Italy," he said. "It takes from Yugoslavia large sections of Istria. The so-called French line has replaced an ethnic line in contradiction to all ethnic Jacts.' Yugoslavia, Kardclj iold a plenary session of the conference, suf fared 400,000 dead "against Italy alone." Soviet Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov agreed today to a Greek proposal to open the peace confer once to all "questions pertaining to the draft of peace treaties." In supporting the Greek motion, Molotov proposed that the rules of procedure of the conference be amended to include the statement that: "The conference may place on its agenda at the request of any delegation any question pertaining to Ihe draft of peace treaties." The motion was made by Constantin Aghnides, Greek ambassador to London, who said that the conference should be tnrown open to any "connected" peace question not now on the agenda. Before Molotov spoke the motion was op posed by Mosha Plajadi, Yugo slav official, and Dmitri Z. Man uilsky, member of the Ukranian delegation, who said the proposa was a 'disguised form' of bringing up the disputed question of a sim pie majority as against a two thirds majority rule for voting in the conference. The Greek proposal asked tha the decision of placing any new matter on the agenda be by a sim pie majority vote. Manuilsky said article 18 of th< United Nations charter required ; two-thirds majority ior voting. Dr Herbert V. Evatt, Australian min ister of external affairs and chain pion of the simple majority, 7 Bro posal, said that Manuilsl!y' 5 s''inte f r ruplion of the U. S. article wa faulty. "This is only a recommending body and I think it should consider everything and send it back to the final body—the lour ministers," said Evatt. The adoption of the two-thirds rule seemed assured, however, thus probably restricting the major decisions of the 21-nation body, lo those matters on which the big four nave been unable to aaroe. The debate on the question of opening the conference 10 various peace treaty questions occurred at a meeting of the rules committee, U. S. Secretary of Stale James F. Byrnes was expected to inform the committee that the United Stales gave qualified support lo the two- thirds proposal. Molotov's amendment permitting the conference io disci'ss iill questions pertaining to the peace treaties was adopted in a harmonious atmosphere. A Netherlands proposal ihat each country be admitted on an equal .looting lo all conference committees was defeated, 11 to n. in the first public roll call in the rules committee. The United Slates abstained. .Russia, Yugoslavia, Poland .Czechoslovakia, the Ukraine, White Russia, France, Britain, India, Norway and New Zealand Voted "nay.' Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China. Kthiopia, Greece, the Netherlands, South Africa and Australia voted "yes." The British, in opposing the Dutch proposal, said the rights of every nation would be safeguarded by final consideration of wvy resolution on the general session floor. The French said having all committees composed of delegate:; from all 21 nations would be too cumbersome. Meanwhile, an Australian source said .Ihat delegation might question Soviet Russia's claim '"> $1 put).000,000 reparations as written into Ihe present drafts. The Australian source said Evatl probably would propose a fact finding committee to get a bill of particulars showing now Soviet Russia arrived at her claim for damages. o JAP)—Means Associated Press JNEA1—Means Ncwsoaoer Enterorlse Ass'n. PRICE 5c COPY iiie- still kept busy turning justice's furred to the tribunal. Newspaperman's Camera Smathed in Memphis Memphis, Tenn.. Aug. 1 — 'UP i — Cameraman George Pierce, of ihc Memphis Press- Scimitar, nad his camera smashed today while taking pictures of voting in Tennessee's heated primaries. Pierce was sc.nl oul by his newspaper to photograph pie- lures uf ihe voting. At Ward 10. he was* accosted by a man identified as Mike Burn, oi'fi- cer-in-chargo of elections. Bum told ihe photographer that he didn't want his picture- taken, "that his father never had one taken, that he I Mike Burn i ,iever had one laken. and that he didn't want to start now." Pierce said that he wasn't inicroKted in taking Burn's picture, and lot-used "his camera ai a ballot box \\liieh Pierce said "held a key." an obvious election violation. "I snapped the picture jusi. as Burn whirled around at me," Pierce said. Truman Expects Jackson to Resume Duties Washington, Aug. 1 — (/[>)— Pros- dcnl Truman said today he exacts Associate Juslice Robert H. ackson to resume his duties on- he Supreme Court upon his re- urn to the United States. Jackson, chief U. S. prosecutor at German war crimes trial in Vuernborg, is due back in Washington tomorrow. Mr. Truman was asked at a lews conference whether he expected to talk with Jackson about lifferences on the Supreme Court, ncluding Jackson's disagreements .vith Juslice Hugo Black .The pres- dcnl replied he expeclcd lo talk vith Jackson about his duties in ermany. "Is he returning—?" a reporter isked. Mr. Truman broke in, "Of course ic is reluming, lo his dulio- hero. Why else," the president asked, "would ackson be coming home'.'" Jackson's return tomorrow will b his first trip home since he said in ii statement June 10 at Nuernberg thai Black wanted hi m"to 'lovci- up facts" in a case before the court. Mr. Truman told an carlie lews conference thai he ha-', tried unsuccessfully t odissuadc Jackson from making the criticism of his colleague. o Furlough Pay Heads for Truman's Desk By WILLIAM F. ARBOGAST Washington, Aug. 1— (/P)—The $3,000,000.000 GI terminal pay bil headed ;'or President Truman's desk today as House members laic plans to get around its "paymcni in bonds' provision early next year. The measure cleared both chamber of Congress yesterday. Acting last, the House contented itself :"or the nrcsent with denouncing the Senate - inspired bond - payment plan. Members were afraid to reject it lest the legislation get lost in controversy during the closing davs of the session. But the chamber left no doubt regarding its future plans. From both sides of the aisle came demands that the new Congress, convening next January, enact a bill permilling holders of the bonds to cash them immediately instead of waiting the required five vears from date of discharge. Republican le'ader Joseph W. Martin, Jr., of Massachusetts Jf\jned Damocratic- members' in eYilitizirig' the bond provision. Many called at discrimination against GI's, since officers have been receiving their terminal pay in cash. President Truman himself advanced the bond plan, describing it as less-inflationary than straight cash payments. But Rep .Gavin (R-Pa) told his colleagues the ad- minislralion had not been concerned about inflation when it backed the $3,750,000,000 loan to Britain. Rep. Dwight L. .Rogers (D-Fla), co-aulhor of the furlough pay bill and leader of the fight Ihat brought it to its first vote in the House last June 11, announced he would introduce on the urst day of the new Congress a bill io allow ihe bonds to be converted into cash immediately. No one knows exactly how much the legislation wil'l cost. However Rep. Thomason (D-Tcxi, who helped write the compromise after Ihe Scnalc rejected the House straight cash plan, estimated ihe sum at about ¥3,000,000,000. That would be approximately 800,000,000 Jess than the World War I bonus is estimated io have cost. A bill to make 2,432,000,000 in casli and bonds available at once has passed the House and is awaiting Senate approval. Thomason said 16,000,000 past and present enlisted personnel would receive an average of :?]()(! each, with the interest on the bonds raising ihc overall cost. All enlisted personnel who have served at any lime since September H, 1939, in the army, the navy, Iho coast guard or ihe marine corps would receive the payments, piovidcd they had accrued furlough time at the lime of iheir -|is- chargc. Payments would be at ihc rate of two and one-half days a month less furlough time actually received. But no one 'could be paid for more than 120 days, regardless of how much time he had .'iceruecl. DrWiikeT Joins Branch Clinic Here Dr. Elborl H. Wilkes who ha . •l l ' st , bccn released from the Army Medical Corps, has moved to llou'o and will be associated with Dr James W. Branch. Dr Wilkes served approximately throe years in the army, two of which 'wc'-e spent in ihe European theater Ho served with the 7lh Army and received the Bronze Star Modal foi meritorious service. He returned to (he States in February and has been on the surgical staff of the Halloran General Hospital. Now j ork, until his release from active duty. Dr. Wilkes, son of the Kite Dr. Chinese Reds Admit Attack Which Killed Three U. S. Marines Memphis. Tenn.. Aug. 1 — (UP) — E. H. Crump, Shelby county political leader told the United Press today that lie "welcomed PAC-CIO watchers" al voting stations, and attributed several reported ejections lo "ovcr-zealousncss" on the part of both sides. Crump's statement was made after two complaincs of ejections wore received at headquarters of Ihc Political Action Committee, but. before Cameraman George Pierce of the Memphis Press-Scimitar had his camera smashed in front of one of the cily's voting places. Referring to the stationing of "passive" watchers at voting polls, Crump said: "They c; n have all the watchers they want. We welcome -hem. Remember, we have 12G ~-oting places in this county (Shelby). Perhaps some of our friends and Ihe watchers became over-zealous in their election efforts.' Crump 33id that election officers at voting places were advised to permit "any and all watchers." The PAC headquarters under the direction of Chairman R.H. Ronton, reported that two of their poll watchers, identified as R.L. Whitl and W. S. Peas, were "grabbed and pushed" into Ihe streets. After one and a half hours later A. T. Clark, election officer at the ward permitted Peas to take up lis post again. Peas was ejected after he had challenged pYie of the voters. At a thirdlward, CIO-PAC ••'.-atch- ers Glover''Hargett and Loda L. Nanking. Aug. 1 —(UP)— The'-) !ommonist New China News • Agency today admitted that Communist troops attacked a U. ;3. Marine truck convoy Monday, but said the Masines had "suddenly raided" Ihe town of Anping and iho Communists fought in self defense. The news ftgency said Brip. Gen. William A. Worton, Marine chief of staff in China, had "failed to explain satisfaclorily" why • Marines were palrolling and lighting "shoulder to shoulder with Kuo- mintang troops." A slrong protest has been filed with cxcculivc headquarters, the agency said. At the same time, the Communists reported that an entire division of the Nationalist 99th army had been annihilated by Communist forces in the Hsuchow region. Another government division was when the Kuomintang army attempted to drive eastward :"rom decimated, the agency claimed, when the Kuominlang army attempted to drive eastward from Chiakou, 27 miles south oi Hsu- chow, toward Suining. within 50 told not Norwood, were "halted feet of the polls" and come any closer. The PAC and pro-Carmack Memphis Clf-an Eloclion League sta- tione',ifc,.v'!34ive'-watchers-,, at' most Mempliis""polling places to guard against what they called "fraudu- lenl cleclions." The Shelby County political organization headed by E.H. Crump, supports Senator K. D. McKcllar for re-election against E. W. Carmack, son of a former •••lator, who previously lost a senatorial race after Shelby county votes were counted. Incumbent Jim McCord, also wilh Crump's blessing, faced former Gov. Gordon Browning in the race for the Tennessee chief executive's spot. Browning, an army officer still on military duty in Germany, was chosen governor in 1936 with Crump's support. Two years later after a political ways-parting with the Shelby county leader, he was defeated for re-election. McKcllar, president of the U.S. Senate, and chairman of its all- imporlanl Appropriations Committee, did Hllle campaigning. He maintained that the "only issue" was the fact that Carmack was backed by the "communistic" CIO- PAC. Army Air Corps Observes 4th Anniversary Washington, Aug. 1—i/P)—• The Army Air Forces, which began with throe men and :io airplanes, celebrated its 39th birthday today wilti ;i llourish in keeping with its war stature as the world's mightiest. Some -100 of iho thousands of combat aircrafl loft over "rom V Day tuned engines lor skv reviews over many of the principal cities of the United Slates. Thirty 15-2!) .'•iuuerforlrosso' 1 were ordered oul from their Okinawa bases for another flight over the wiirlimc target oitios of Tokyo, Yokohama, Hiroshima, .and Osaka—this lime without bombs. President Truman accepted an invitation to a dinner here at which General Carl Spaat/. air force col 11 niandor. was host. A telegram Troll) Oiville Wright, the nioneor aviator who with his brother Wilbur bulit the firsl aiieiiil't. stood oul among congratulations received by the air forces. "Probably 'io military organization over had a smaller beginner or a more rapid growth," ho suid. Tile air forces, then the Aeronautical Division of the Signal Corps, was a year old when Wright with Lt. Benjamin D. Foulois of the army as a passenger, lully met the army's requirements in a speed test over a five-mile course .irom Fort Myer io Alexandria, Va. and return. Then, with Ll. Frank P. Lahm as a passenger, he set a world's onduranoc- record of one hour and RED LEADER ATTACKS U. S. Peiping, Aug. 1 —(UP)— General Lin Piao, commandcr-in-chicf of Communist forces in Manchuria, believes that Chinese communists could win China's undeclared civil war quickly if the United Stales would stop "Garrisoning" Nationalist cities with U. S.' Marines, it was learned today. Lin Piao expressed his conviction several days ago in Harbin, shortly before three Marines were killed and 12 wounded when iheir truck convoy was ambushed between Peiping and Tientsin. A transcript of his three-hour soecch reached Peiping today by plane. The Communist general apparently spoke extemporaneously during a meeting of the People's Political Congress in Harbin. He described Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek's central government troops as "half Am«" % ican- ized" and asked, rhetorically, if the "Foreign Reactionaries" would continue "to give the Kuomintang arms and garrison the cities for them." ••' ,,f "If this intervention does not •Tc'ea-se.-W-he'* declared, "civil Avar will be rifd in China and extend to threaten the peace o f the world." "Only if the United States government continues to give Chiang Kai-Shek aid can the Kuomintang 'ofces even hold their own against js,' 'ho said. "The present prob- em is what policy the United States will adopt. Due to the foreign aims of America, she is enabling the Kuomintang to carry on Another Cache of Arms Found in All-Jew City B» ELIAV SIMON Jerusalem, Aug. 1 — CUP)— Another large cache of arms and ammunition was discovered in the all-Jewish city of Tel Aviv today as British troops scoured the area for the third consecutive day in their unrelenting search IDS the perpetrators of the King David Hotel bombing. Army officials said the discovery at dawn today was in addition to the supplv of arms :"ound yesterday in Tel. Aviv's great synagogue. The entire Holy Land seemed on the verge of martial law as the 20,000 British soldiers ranged through the Jewish community, questioning all residents and checking identifications. Stringent measures were being considered by the government io end illegal immigration. Another refugee ship — the third within a week — was sighted off the coast. Royal Navy lookouts identified the illegal ship as the "Yagrou" and said at least 2,000 Jewish immigrants were board. British ships will escort the "Yagrou" to Haifa. Government officials indicated her passengers would be returned to the port of origin. Other illegal refugees who arrived at Haifa this week still were being held there and were not allowed to disembark. A bomb reportedly exploded in Jaffa Wednesday night, but there .vere no reports of casualties. 7,vil- Branch of this city, is of Heiulrix college. Ih of Arkansas School of M(-dk-i-i'-> r,--cl served an internship and resicl -nov in surgery at the Baptist Stale Hospital in Liltol Rock. Prior to his entry into the military service h" oracticed in Little Rook. l> ai-d Mrs. Willies have a small ilmifh'..,- «nd uri.' "uw living at 7lj:.5 S. Kim Si Mrs. Wilkes was formerly Mis* Mary .Tune Archer, daughter of Dr. and Mrs. C. A. Archer of Do- Queen. .he civil war.' "The Kuominlang finds this (war) different from the war against Japan. Then, the people for patriotic reasons for the war. Today, the people of China are against the Kuomintang's -ight and so the Kuominlang cannot accomplish much." 12 CHINESE KILLED Peiping, Aug. 1—(/P)—The U. S. Marine Corps announced today that an cslimaled 12 Chinese were killed among Ihc 300 wo ambushed a marine convoy Monday southeast of Peiping. The corps previously had placed the marine casualties at three dead and 12 wounded. The Marine Corps' announcement said the number of Chinese wounded was not known. It listed the marine dead as one officer and two cnlisled men. 18 New Polio Cases Are Reported Little Rock, Aug. 1 lfP>— As many cases of infantile paralysis, 18, were reported in Arkansas last week as were reported 'or ihe on tire first 30 weeks of 104. r ), the slatp board of health's wocidy morbidity report disclosed today. Six now cases were reported in Pulaski county alone as Iho drear disease's spread took another upswing in central and south Arkansas, bringing the stale's total re ported cass to 89 for Ihe year. Craighead county reported Iwo more cases last week, while Arkansas, Benton, Cross, Dallas, Dcsha, llempstcad. Lonokc, Pcry, St. Faucis and Woodruff counties had one new case each. Stiite health officials had hoped that the polio outbreak had reaeher its peak two weeks ago. The number of new cases for the week ending July 20 was 15, or five less than those reported the previous week . No cases of the disease were re ported during the week ending July 28, 1945. Declines from the 1945 rale were reported in many other serious di scases. The report issued today listec these disease lolals for 1946 anc 1945. rsepcclivcly: Cancer. 120 and 131; malaria, 657 and 769; pneumonia. 673 and (528; rabies in animale, 07 and 112; syp hillis, 2,861 and 3.260: luberciil,) sis, 26 and -13; tularemia, 01 and 65. first V. S. military plane. They have ceased irying Mow to soe how long planes can b-> kept iiloll but speed has bccn stepped no to around 630 miles an hour for Public the now P-80 let-propelled light- gineors say thai growing mug 'ightor. Tests are duo .0 start electrification 'of the slale Iliis month mi a small experiment- helped the rural ii! S-l craft at Mi'roc Air Base. " Culilornu-, which >; expected ultimately lo reach 1,500 miles an hour al HO.000 feel. And Ihe rocket era is just dawning. o Service Commission on rtira !;asn' telephone situa lion bceausc the old type telephone wires acl as a ground : r or adjacent electrical circuits and provide a great deal of "noise" on the old fashioned linos. yo '' ous members of the Arab movement and the Moslem erhood were believed respon:, Requisition orders were .on the owners of a nu:-.bfc. arge buildings in Palestine \\ grounds that their properties vrrL lidded for/security reasons; - Quit lers^of the Anglo-Puleatine ' banK", were requisitioned, <along with some 25 shops. The order was bc- ieved aimed at relieving present congestion in Palsetine government offices. Tel Aviv still was under a "shoot on sight' curfew, but only two casualties were reported during the :irst day of the house-to-house search. One Jew was wounded yes- .erday and one British soldiov was killed accidentally. Five hundred uspects have been detained in con- icclion with the hotel bombing.' At the great synagogue, where sub-machine guns, pistols and Brit- sh Army uniforms were iound under bedding and religious -racts royal engineers with mine detec- :ors continued their search of the juilding. In addition io the arms, Lroops yesterday iound equipment :or forging bonds and a radio transmitter. The cache was discovered in a former public air raid shelter in the basement of the synagogue, which is situated in the center of the city. Truman Delays Answer Washington. Aug. 1 — (UP) — Apparent differences of opinion between British leaders and President Truman over problems of transplanting 100.000 European Jews to Palestine today threatened further delay in carrying out the scheme. U. S. officials familiar with the Palestine situation hinted strongly that Ihe president has decided to reject a British-approved proposal to divide the .former Jewish homeland into lour federal provinces Their reports flowed Mr. Truman';; surprise action yesterday in recalling his American commission which has been conferring in London on the Jewish migration. The president asked the group io hasten home because of the "complexity" of ihe Palestine problem, which he said he wanted to discuss. Attlee Flies Home London, Aug. 1 — (UP)—Prime Minister Clement Attlee :Ciew back from Paris today for a hurried meeting with the British cabinet, which was reported disturbed over President Truman's decision to delay Ihc American answer on ihe, Palestine division, plan. Attlee landed at Croydon airport at 10 a. m. (5 «. m. EDT.i. He was driven swiftly lo No. 10 Downing Street, where the cabinet members Hwaitcd him., —o- Severol Persons Are injured in Auto Accident Several persons were iniured this morning when an automobile overturned on Highway 67, about 4 miles west of Hope. Occupants were W ,R. Allen and wife, and granddaughter and a Mrs. Foley and baby, all of Hosier City, La. Mrs. Allen sustained broken arm and hip, Mr. Allen suffered severe head injury and the others were painfully but not crit- 'ically injured. Cause of the accident was not known. Mr. Allen said the ear just left the road. All will be taken to Shrcvcpoil today following treatment at a local hospital. The Missouri and Arkansas railway, in the news again because of salary and other difficulties, reported lo the Public Service Com- I mission Ihat last vear it earned I$1.00 for every 1,02 it .spent.
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