Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on July 30, 1946 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

Hope, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Tuesday, July 30, 1946
Page 1
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»,J ^.- .1,1.,-. j >,}« v ,1,~^ Page Eight University Plarts Industrial Research Planf at Jonesboro , Fajfettcville, July 29 -—(#)— The UniversUy 'of. Arkansas Bureau oi Research will establish an Indus- trial'priot plant «t-Jonesboro to de- termine economic feasibility of de- stock feed and various hay crops hydrating sweet potatoes for live- as a business enterprise, Dr. C. O. Bfannen, bureau director, announced today. The plant will be operated in co-operation with Arkansas State College. B. H. Mewis and \V. S. Farns will conduct the study for TAR ' HO Pi, ARKANSAS 0 French Ardor in War Trials Seems Spent *» TAYLO Efficient — Honest Candidate For Vote A Businessman fora Business Place Your Vote Will Be Appreciated —This Adv. Paid for by Pink W. Taylor BY HERBERT M. KING Paris. July :>7 — (Ul>>— The I frenzied ardor of France's war crimes trials appeared todav to have spent itself, making possible the virtual vindication of xhe Vicliv foreign minister during the brief eclipse of Pierre Laval in that regime. Pierre Elicnne Flandin. pre-wnr premier and foreign minister at Vichy for 56 days, came from a Versailles courtroom last night a free man. He was convicted of collaboration with the Nazis, but was sentenced to five years loss " f civil rights with th esentence suspen- cd. The Flandin trial before the French high court lacked the iragi- comic atmosphere of a judicial circus gone mad that prevailed in the the research bureau. The establishment of the dehydration pilot plant. Dr. Brannen said has been made possible by actioi ol Community Industries Inc n™ lc . sboro - in milk ing available 35!' uuo tor the construction of a build ing to house the plant and the ac live interest of the Jonesboro Chamber of Commerce. The bureau will attempt to determine methods and costs of dehydrating swoet potatoes and hays and the market outlets :'or ihe re suiting product.?. A commercial sized dehydrator has been purchased. War Criminals Seem to Be More Assured (Editor's Note: The Pacific's Ing war crimes trial, with Japan's i> car \ Hnrbor premier, Hdeki Tojo, the No. 1 defendant, has boon in progress since June j. Here is a word picture of the current courtroom scene.) VOTE TUESDAY FOR Dr. F. C. C For STATE SE! ! wont my friends fo know that I appreciate the splendid work you are doing in behalf of my candidacy for the office of STATE SENATOR. Dr. F. C. Candidate For STATE SENAT —This Ad Paid for by Dr. F. C. Crow By RUSSELL BRINES Tokyo, July2»— i UP) The shabby by. scowling men wiu> tiled iruo court less tnan two months ago a^s Japan s major war criminr.l de- lendants have become sleek and assured while the bloody evidence mounts against them, m i m , formel ' Premier cHdcki Jojo, whose egg-shaped, bald head nominates the prisoner s dock to Marquis Koioni Kido, so small he barely can see over the rail before him the prisoners have donned fresh manniM-s and fresh clothes They began ineir fight for life on June 3 with faces twisted into scowls which the Japanese long have practiced as a mask of detiance. Only the solemnity of the court saved their act from ludicrousness tor they wore patched makeshift clothing which hung trom gaunt frames. They stumbled awkwardly in attempts to quickly obey military police who guarded them. Today they have added weight and assurance. Civilian suits, mingling with plain uniforms, are clean and pressed. Beards and -.'lowing mustaches have been trimmed Their scowls and stubborn silence have faded. They chat with their alloys, scribble nolcs and trials of Laval and Marshal Henri Petain. Laval was hustled off to the firing squad. Flandin was sentenced lo death, but the sentence was commuted to life imprisonment. Because he agreed to serve as Vichy minister, Flankin was sentenced to "national indignity" for live years. But because xhe state could not or did not want to prove that his activity was contrary to the interests of France, he was relieved of the sentence. Flandin had been accused of in- ejligence with the enemy, but that charge was dropped last January The present trial was in effect an examination of his"nalional worthiness.' The defense presented testimony by Randolph Churchill, son of Winston Churchill, who acted as liaison agent in 1943 between Flandin and the wartime prime minister of Great Britain. A letter also was read into the record in which Winston Churchill said he Always considered Flandin a friend -of the Allies, even when he was in Ihc Vichy cabinet. Camille Bernard, chief defense lawyer, told the court that Flandin was appointed ipreign minis- .er without being consulted, and that he resigned 56 days later "on a German ultimatum." Flandin. he said, opposed Nazi attempts to push France into war against the Allies, and was instrumental m secret negotiations for an ,2 c f orcl with Britain which would have pledged the French 'to keep put of the war and to keep their fleet out 'of the hands of the AXIS, A R KAN SAS WltL CON Tl NUE BEN LANEY A Real Program of further progress and aid for our State and all our People! BEN LA ""^••^•••••Bi^^^^^^KB 1 A Positive Record of business-like achievements and .a firm found- \ ation laid! lur by Ben'~JLaney".' join in the infrequent laughter rip- J'"';s through the courtroom. P RALMOSlnsoE..shrdl shrd shr sli It seems almost as if they were spectators at an increasinly interesting dram instead of prisoners facing possible death. Newcomers to the court often confuse the prisoners with their nlqrneys who ore iicys wno are sealed m front of them — and look more worried. The source of the prisoners' new assurance is hard to pin down rood could be a primary cause Or there may be a feeling that some will escape severe punishment. They might have ph loso- phized themselves into accepting any ate and have relaxed to enjoy the final moments. Presently all Ihc horror of the rape of Nanking is being de- scribed. Former Gen. Iwane Mntsui, the man charged with the major responsibility for the horrible cpl- socle, looks unperturbed. He sits back, a gnarled little man. with crossed arms in the position he must have assumed nt many staff conferences. T °J°. whose attorneys have indicated that he will fight vigorously when the defense presents his case follows the testimony closely, lean: ing forward as if watching an opponent's next move. But with all their change, these men show no signs that they will duplicate the llumdcrings of a Her' " g Thcy m flfihl but Blandy Sees Redesign of War Ships By JOSEPH L. MYLER Off Bikini Atoll, July 28, —(UP) —Vice Admiral W. II. Blandy predicted a redesigning of fighting ships to meet possible atomic warfare today, while scientists compiled new evidence of the ferocity bla t Tnurstla >'' s underwater "I am convinced there will be changes needed i n design and structure, some of them i-udical changes," snld Blandy, who directed the two Bikini atomic tests. Examination of fragments Mown lo the surface show the lagoon's bottom consists of shredded cornl, like cracker- crumbs in consistency. Its softness diminished the atom bomb's effect, commander Roger Rcvelle, nn oceanography expert, said. . Even so the blast rolled Lfi waves of 60 to DO feet nl the 'orget renter, only slightly below pretest estimates of 100 feet. ucvelle stud there definitely was a crater on the Ingoon's bottom, perhaps as great as 50 feet deep, .iitnough precise measurements arc not expected for two weeks, —. 0 America learned about ice cream from Dolly Madison «t a White House dinner in 1809. Government of the People, By the People, For the People Vote As You Please Tuesday But First Read This Expose of Professional Hate Mongers Remember Their 1944 Failure? Just two years ago an anonymous circular was mailed in envelopes—with no return address—to citizens of Arkansas in an effort to smear J. W. Fulbright, then a Congressman and now a United States Senator. On the floor ot the State Senate in 1945, Senator O. E. Jones of Batcsvillc laid the responsibility for that stealthy attack directly at the doorstep of the Christian American Association, Inc. And no denial came from the Christian American's full time lobbyist, Val Sherman, of Houston, Texas, though the latter was standing within 10 feet of Senator Jones at the time. • The sneak attack on Mr. Fulbright in his Senate campaign was typical of the Christian American Association. It was a rank perversion of truth, and the primary object was not so much to try to defeat Mr. Fullbright as to lay the foundation for shaking down misinformed Arkansas business and farming leaders. Well, Senator Fulbright was elected, but the Christian American Association collected plenty of money. How much? That cannot be stated with certainty here, but the Christian American Association reported at the end of 1944 that during that year, it received $67,884.50—of which $50,606.50 was collected in Arkansas, ft admitted spending $44,728.37 in Arkansas for an "educational campaign. Another $6,399.13 was reported by the Christian American Association to have been spent for "legislative sentiment surveys." That gives you an idea. A few Arkansans put up most of the- Christian American Association slush fund. -ngemcnt and workers, capital.and labor. Out of all of them, in 1944, the association collected $67,844.50 (it said), and the Arkansas suckers were separated from $50 606.50 of that total. It is any wonder that Muse likes the Arkansas pickings? Where did Messrs. Sherman, Muse and Ulrey originate? They are not Arkansans. They are interlopers who found that it was a simple matter to raise a slush fund from Arkansas suckers. Their habitat is Texas, where there is a lot more money than there is here in Arkansas. But down there, these fellows are known for what they are, and the hunting for suckers is not so simple as it has proved to be in Arkansas. They thrive on hate and strife and class struggle. They arc fostering trouble between peoples of different religions and races, between labor and management, and arc endeavoring to destroy harmonious relations that have always existed between the all essential factors of prosperity and advancement in our state. - "Louisiana's legislature would have nothing to do with the Christian American's legislation or Mr Muse, adopting instead a resolution condemning Christian American as an 'organization that would set capital against labor, Catholic against Protestant, Christian against Jew'. "Furthermore, it demanded of Mr. J. Edgar Hoover that the F- B. I. investigate Christian American. ... "Clpistian American has tried to foment trouble in 44 states and claims credit for success in Kansas, Idaho, South Dakota, Arkansas, Colorado, Mississippi, Florida, and Texas. "As long ago as 1918, Mr. Muse was a whipper-in for fund raising outfits. At that time he was col- lectlng from railroads who wanted the Adamson 8-hour day bill nullified. For that cause, he helped pile up $250,000, pf which he got his cut." Who Are These Outsiders? (Unwelcome Elsewhere) Much has been said of a critical nature about the Christian American Association. Now, let's see who runs it. Until Senator Jones, in our Legislature last year, look the hide off Val Sherman, that lobbyist had been living high iii Little Rock hotels — at the expense of suckers who fell for his line of buncombe —for more than 2 years. But now, his old boss, Vance Muse, also of Texas has taken over the suilc ot rooms in a Little Rock hotel, and is living sumptuously off the donations of the few Arkansas men with more money than judgment who keep shelling out the dough for him. Vance Muse is the secretary-treasurer of the Christian American Association, Inc. An article (by Walter Davenport) in Colliers, August 18, 1945, quoted Muse and Lewis V. Ulrey, chairman of the Christian American Association, as divulging ihat the outfit was working in 21 states for legislation that would be the basis for continuing strife between man- Why This Statement? (In the Interest of Fair Play) Why this advertisement, you may ask? Well, it's_ simply a matter of righteous indignation that this Texas aggregation should have the audacity to set up elaborate headquarters in Little Rock and tell Arkansas voters in insulting terms, how they should cast their vote. It's just a —Sk.tpment in. the ..interest.of fajr pjay. You are warned, however, that if anyone, regardless of who he may be, seeks to persuade you in any manner, to vote for any can... tlidate, you should accept that as a warning to investigate first, and see who is behind the candidate and not be misguided by the gang of wrangling—name callers from Texas. We resent, as do thousands of others, the order that has gone out from Vance; Muse for all Arkansans to defeat all Arkansas lawmakers who dared stand up against the pressure applied by the but- tinskics who would like to control Arkansas politically and economically. They are telling you lo defeat every senator and representative in the Arkansas legislature who didn't jump at Val Sherman's beck and call. What Kind Of A Legislature Do You Want? (Not Muse's Stooges) Many consciontuous lawmakers could not overlook the fact that until Sherman Muse, ct al, came barging into Arkansas, m the wake of their political overlord Pass-the-Biscuits, Pappy W. Lee O'Dan- icl, there was virtually no labor-management trouble in this state. Let alone Arkansas employers and employes had displayed a commendable disposition lo _get along well together and to settle their differences by peaceful means. ...... That still holds good. It's high time that the money-hungry Texans went on home and let Arkansas look after its own affairs. Everything that the public thinks is rotten about politics can be attributed to this type of political gangsterism, .No doubt Muse's present aversion for his homo stale is duo in part lo the be; tm« he took at Ihc polls 'when he was a candidate for Congress a few years at-o His vote appeal had such a meager rol sponsc he immediately set his ,si«hts "" 1 "^ bCfia " to bui ' a "P his Did You Read Colliers? (Unrefuted Expose) These men came in from Texas and moved into Arkansas to purge our legislature for nol voting as they wanted them to, after many investigations had been originated in other states for the same sort of unscrupulous dealing. Colliers magazine of August IS, 1045 staled: We know most of the members of the InwfV"^ Rc »at« would not knuc c d™" o Sherman, Muse, and their ilk; and they deserve the thanks of every straight-thinking, democratic Arkansan who will go to the polls Tuesday and exercise his right of franchise to vote for whom he pleases. The charges which Christian American levels at so many Arkansas representatives and senators are false and vicious. On Tuesday, July 30, and two weeks thereafter, show that you are free and independent. Show these demagogues from Texas that we here in Arkansas resent their coming in to our state and disrupting our peace. Vole votir honest conviclion.s, and hcln put a stop to interference from outside our state. Beware of the unscrupulous outsider who is collecting huge sums pom well-meaning— but misguided Ar- Arkansas doesn't want a legislature composed of loals and stooges of Vance Muse, Val Sherman, cl al., and a bunch pi lexans who have been repudiated at home. You don't want to take a chance on getting that sort of General Assembly Let s keep our Arkansas General As' scmbly for Arkansas. This Message Paid For By The Arkansas State Federation of Labor: Charley W. Mowcry, Pros. Hot Springs Ark £"v |}ddy. V-Pres. Little Rock, Ark S. V. Ziiin, ISoi-lh Little Ruck, Arkansas Star of HODO. 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18. 1929. Pur Daily *t Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor !" Alex. H. Washburn Election Day Order Out of Confusion—Later 'j&jlever in the history of Arkansut no» tlieic been s\ich confusion in this year ot lour primaries—counting the preferential and runoff in both 1'cdural mid suite elcci.ons. But today's county and state preferential will be tne first "reai .election" for most folks, with the , prclimintiry issues being setllcci "•* lULlll IclCC b> 11 • • V"~~ •' ,/•-*•«-*-• vt U,T in ji ui mi wu v^i 111 i«_;c *J, OUJIHJ WUel I'll I tl :s? : Out of.all this legal chaos we wiK Ulc collision of two trucks on High- ' bluish green uniforms of Coin- erncrge sooner or later into some- ffi'^.V G7, about 1 mile north of Em- munisls, killed at jcasl four U. S. WEATHER FORECAST Arkansas: Partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Wednesday. Scattered Ihundershowers in south- cast portion this afternoon. I7TH YEAR: VOL. 47—NO. 245 TwoMenKii HOPE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, JULY 30, 1946 Near Emmet Two North Little Rock men were Wiled almost instantly yesterday in 'API—Means Associated Press _.__'— Mcan! > Newsoaoer Enterorlse Ass'n. by Communists Pciping. July 30 —(/P)T — Three hundred Chinese, some wearing thing resembling campaign and order—as in the old days. 111V. - ^i/ t •' la w'" 1 -"Si- But there was much .justification for the confusion this year. G{yjrl decisions had posed new problems for legislature and, in turn, for election officials. Another campaign year will probably see the election machinery simplified, with fewer voting day's campaigns on account and keener of it. -K * -K j By JAMES THRASHER Interesting Argument ;: Among the leftovers on the Con- .grcssional agenda is an argument in the Governmcnnt vs. Private The dead. Benjamin F. Ilowo 22 of 3006 East Second Street. North Little Hock, and a companion, Louis Oscar Winter, 00, of Route one, North Little Hock. Injured was H. Haskell, of Greenville, Texas who sustained several broken ribs. Howe was driving an empty truck going south and sides wiped another loaded truck which was traveling north and driven by Haskell, according to Ikcy Pritchcll. state patrolman investigating the accident. Witnesses to the wreck .said the youth apparently fell asleep at the ;iEnterprise department which the' wheel and crashed into the session will probably resume preaching Haskoll truck, Prilchctt '" T ' J - 1 " 1 - : " "' said. No charges will be filled against Haskell. he said. Both vehicles were completely demolished. The bodies were taken lo Prcscott. and settle. It isn't a world-shaking /argument, and the subject isn't Very dramatic. All the same, tho outcome will be significant. / Briclly. and ovcr-siniply, the sit;. nation is this. The government wants to build some fertilizer /,plants and go into the business in a fairly big way. It 'so wants to use some of the plains' output to "•conduct demonstrations on 75 •la\ ms in each agricultural county, ' ! .'.or on about lliO.OOO farms. Within li>jp years it would dispose of the ]>lnts lo co-operatives (if the coops want them) on 50-year leases. The chief reason for this pro. gi am scL'ms to be a disputed claim that tlic'i L- was a wartime fcrlili- xcr shortage. Fcrtilier manufacturers say that isn't so •— that thong' there were local shortage due to lack of material, labor and transportation, capacity lias nl- '. ways exceeded consumption. Naturally the reriilizcr people, including several farmer co-opera- atiyes, don't like the legislation . v]l»iich would authorize this. They say it isn't cricket for the government to set itself up in competitive business with tax money. They don't like the sales promotion of . free fertilizer for 150,000 farmers, when tliusc farmers' have to pay for their neighbors through taxes, help for the government's gift besides. The fertilizer people favor the experiments and demonstrations which .are continually being carried on by various federal and state agencies. But they dont't soe Thy this"" necessitates the federal government's competing with them and perhaps driving some o£ them out of business. The fertilizer industry is liifh- ly competitive. Its members hold that fact responsible Cor some remarkable bcncUls and improvements. They cite Agriculture .Department figures to show thai the price of fertilizer has n'one down and its plantfood content hn.5 gone up steadily for the past 2;"i years. There arc ample sla-.isiics to fbow the increasing yield and val- iw thai money spent for soil In,- provcmcnl is bringing. But the fundamental question" io whether this government is content to let a basic private industry carry un under a watchful eye, or whether the government, armed with subsidies, will enter the competition. This question now aii'r/c'.s only r-« L^'BJ J * rive Killed in Mississippi West. Miss.. July 30 Icasl person:; were (/!')— At killed in the crasli of a two-engine airplane about five miles nort.hcast of here. Waller Howetl. resident of West who viewed the wreckage ihis morning, said he saw five badly burned bodies. Hpwell said the airplane h:\d two engines. He was not acquainted with its type, but other spectators told him it wan an army B-25. He sairi he had hoard of no survivors. AH Ihc wreckage except the vail was burned, he said, and a wins was found about hajl' a mile from the fuselage. Howcll said he understood the crasli occurred about 5 p. jn. yes- Marines and wounded 19 others with a tootic weapons, rifles and grenades during violLMil four- hour altack on a truck conbol of 100 Leathernecks, eyewitnesses related today. A .search is being made for other marines, believed to be still missing. The attackers, lying in ambush ill cornfields 35 miles southeast ot Peiping, would have wiped out the convoy had the marines not elected to jump back in Ihc trucks and roar away under fire, the nesses said. (In Nanking, Chou En-lai, chief Communist negotiator in efforts to settle China's fratricidal strife, ex- prssecl Belief that vhe clash resulted from marine provocation of Communist forces during the last three weeks and added ihat "Communists have aboluslely no intention of unlcasing a conflict." (He sak! Communists have been provoked by marine intrusions into their areas.) Maj. Fred J. Frees, of Sioux falls, S. D., who was with 'the convoy of replacements bound :.or Pcipinfi from Tientsin, said ihc attack erupted "like an explosion." "They threw everything at us during Ihc iirsl hour of altack except l!u; kitchen sink," chimed in Sgl. James West, of Cincinnati. Frees and West, both army men, were convoy passengers. Major Frees, a special service officer for Peiping headquarters, lolcl uhc Associated Press: "If the marines had not reacted as efficiently and swiftly as they did, the convoy would have been taken in the first rush." He declined to identify the attackers as Communists btit said he saw Iwo dead Chinese on the road who wore "bluish green uniforms," the color niunists. of inose worn by Com- Voting Heavier Than Expected in Hope; Star to Hold Usual Election Party Tonight Although observers predicted a light vote in today's preferential primary election a chock at the polls in Hope at 1 o'clock today revealed a heavy vote of 916 not including 215 absentee ballots. This is compared with 692 ballots cast up to the same time in the 1944 general election. Ward 1A led the city precincts with a total of 215 votes. County Box 5 reported 150 votes which also is unusually heavy. A light shower shortly after noon today threatened the annual election party held by the Star, but the rain was not believed general and the parly will be held regardless. Everyone is invited. A loud speaker system will be set up by arrangement with Cobb- Toolcy Radio company and returns from each box will be flashed on a screen In front of the Star office. State returns will also be furnished by the Associated Press wire. Tuesday night's Election Party will be repeated in August 13—the night of the runoff primary. Vole by precincts in Hope were: PRICE 5c COPY U. S. to Back Ward 1 Ward IA Ward 2 .... Ward 2A Ward 3 .. Ward 4 .... Box 5 Box 6 Total 103 215 95 92 118 01 150 52 916 Under Arrest the tcrday. The wreckage was near bank of the Big Black river. At Valdosta, Ga., Dr. Frank Bird said he had communicated with the commanding officer of an ait- base at Enid, Okla., and was advised that an army ship onrouie from Maxwell Field, Ala., to Enid was missing. Dr. Bird said his son, Billy Bird, who was a prisoner of the Japanese during the war, was a passenger aboard the plane. Search for 11 in Sub-Division RUTILLE, Mo., July 30 — (/Pjllc Ruthcrvillc, iVlo., July :iO •—(/!') — The Coast Guard Hauled out Opening of a new sub-division lo Hope was announced today jointly by R. D. Franklin and Calvin E. Cassidy. The division, lo be known as Hill of Hope Addition, is principally locatea on the old Mabel Smithy farm on Highway 4, between the Pines swimming pool and the city. It will have 350 lots which arc ideal for building. Also included and available to the public will be tracts no to 10 acres, it was an announced. Complete dclails including exact locations of lots and tracts will be ready in a few days. —o By CARTE RL. DAVISON Jerusalem July 30—(/!')—British troops placed the 200,000 residents 01 ine all-Jewish city of Tel Aviv under virtual House arrest at dawn today as tncy opened a prolongo and deliberate roundup aimed at finding tne persons wno bombed the King David Hotel in Jerusalem last week. The entire city was placed under a 22-hour-a-day curfew, with residents lorDidden, under pain of being shot on sight ,to leave their nomcs except aunng an authorized iwo-nours period lor purchasing lood and oincr supplies. Lt. Gen. Sir Aian Cunningham, British nigh commissioner ior me uouoled .holy Land, said 'ihe Bril- isn nad "clear evidence ol the existence of terrorists in Tel Aviv and tnat some-il not all of tnoae wno took part in the Jerusalem crime came from lhal town." JSifjiny-sevcn bodies have been rc- coveietl Irom the oombed ' hotel and 24 persons are missing. A nign-iaiiKiiig oflicer in Jeru salcm said me world's only all Jewish city probaoly would be under the rigid curlew for several days while soldiers and Palestine ponce curried on tne steady house lo-house search, which officials predicted would result in the ar- csl of 2,000 to 3,000 women. men and polling equipment today jOareh for bodic:, oi the 11 or more „ persons who are believed to nave one industry, but its implications | died in Sunday night's mid-cnan- are broad. Government eompetit- ncl collision ol a Mississippi river lion is not new. H exists in mildly socialistic Sweden. But there government competes on an equal taas- '£; teaches lessons in eltiei.MH'y, operates al a profit, and usually lowers prices to the consumers s benefit. Thei c is no promise or indication, however, thai this government could make fertilizer cheaper or better. Apparently that isn't the point. Contest May Result in Garland Hot Springs, pi'cccdenlcd scenes were 30 — (/I 1 )—Un- denee around ovi- somc of Garland county's voting places today as voters marked their ballots to decide whether Hot Springs Mayoi Leo P. McLaughlin's political machine will retain control of county and district ofiiccs. War veteran candidates opposing Ine McLaughlin .slate, with Prosecutor Candidate Sidney S. McMatl'. as their leader, set up motion picture cameras at several wards to photograph the voters. The Me- Math forces were challenging voles right and left to Jay the ground, work foi a court contest if they lose. Representatives of the GI .slate had challenged in every p-f but they were kept outside of ropes which marked off each polling aica. Armed deputies were on ^•and at each precinct io guard ugainst trouble. The bitter contest resulted recently in Ihe invalidation of some 1,600 poll tax receipts held by -,hc McLaughlin group, and the" McMath slate indicated it was preparing to challenge the entire v'otc in Hot Springs' second ward, ;: McLaughlin stronghold. Up to noon 1.500 votes had been east in Hot Springs alone, indi eating the county total would be Ihe heaviest in years. This was in sp'ile of the fact thai Doling was slowed by the work of election judges who were called upon to make careful check oJ each voter's qualifications. It slartoil tu rain here about noon but this did lot dampen ihe ardor of poison:, iluj .stood in long lilies waiting to cast their ballots. Arnold Bennett. Englisn novelist i and playwright, once wrote beauty hints and advice to the lovelorn under the pen iiume "Gwendolyn." ssippi ferry and a barge train. Eiforls will be made lo raise the four automobiles and one pickup truck known to have been on the i'erry when the ilat boat was jvcrlurncd in the swirling waters ,50 yards off the Missouri .snore. A Mernp'.iis diver, Charles I: least one yesterday VC' but Biowii, located niele in the river had to await the arrival of "grappling equipment lo recover it. Thirteen ferry passengers were saved. Another,, a small boy, died to Increase This Week Detroit. July 30—(/PJ— Passenger ear and truck production in 'the United Stales week probably will go over the a. r ),000 unit mark for Iho first lime since before the war. Output has moved forward steadily since the short Independence Day week. On the basis of current production rates this year's aggregate output could easily exceed 2,' after being hauled to shore. The skipper ol Ihe terry, '.'32-year- old Charles Edward Hendrix, estimated there were between 20 ;ind 25 persons on his boat. Hendrix was saved in th ccrasli wnen his pilot house was tossed onto one of j J. 1 ihe oil-laden barges. Meanwhile, a special board of inquiry was set up by the coast guard to investigate the tragedy, termed by one coast guard official as "the worst on this stretch of .he Mississippi river in 20 years." The board consists of Capt. B.C. Willon of St. Louis, Comdr. George 5ymon of St. Louis, Comdr. J. B. iVyckoff of Memphis and Henry A. Myers of the St. Louis coast guard •jfi'icc. o Snake Cultists to Bury Victim Who Died From Bite Abingdon. Va.. July 30 — (UPi — Virginia eultists who use snakes jn heir religious services loday made jurial plans for Charles Harrison Haley, a victim of his worship. Washington county eommon- A'eallh's Attorney Roby C. Thomp- ion said that Haley died of snake jiles received during a Sunday service. Coroner Ur. Mip'ilcr. Wolfe Haley died of snaKc poisoning and Morluary attendants here said he lad been bitten twiee, once in the 'orchoad and once over the right \ye. They said his head and faee .vere badly swollen. Haley, p;n-t-lime oreaclu'r and j me:U lo land ilie nig onex children, u'a-i laK-l Three girl eaaiper,-; -.in i'JOO,000 cars and trucks in United States plants. The rate of production now is being determined solely by availability of parts, equipment and material, according to the car i makers. They report many items in I short supply because of strikes in plants or shortages of rial shipments to nil parts manufacturers. Last week's passenger car assemblies in United Slales plants, according to the trade paper Automotive News totaled "i7,K72 units against the previous week's 53,807. With the addition of 22,5G7 trucks and commercial cars produced in the United States and 4,226 cars and trucks assembled in Canadian factories, total output for the week- was placed at 84,1365 units. • Q Hope Girls Hurt in Accident Late Monday Two Hope girls. Sue Stilton and Je;;sie Clarice Brown. suffered minor injuries in an anlomobile accident late yesterday at Fifth ami Hervcy streets. Tlie second ear was driven by Mrs. Leon Btincly ul- so of Hope. The were suffering mostly from shock, invesliRalors inclieat- ed. The vehicles were damaged considerably. FISHING TIP Oconr.mowuc, Wis.. July 30 — (/I — Here's a Up lo ihe /isnernien wl'o earry all the net-rosary eoliip- The searchers also were believed to be seeking arms caches and clandestine racHo.-T.vr;uismitters ..op- crated by such Jewish underground organization.) as Irgun /.vai Letirni and the stern gang, whose members, army officer said, were the principal objects of the roundup. It was the second time month that the city had placed under rigid curfew restric tions, turning the normally bus- in a been tling cily imo ghosl town. A monlhs ago Jewish institutions Tel Aviv were occupied a _ searched and the residents of the city were held under curfew for Hours. Under the terms of the present curfew the residents arc not permitted, to go near their windows now on their balconies and inusl stay inside their nomes despite the sweltering heat on the coasta plain .Tne Tel Aviv beach, usual!} teeming , thousands seeking iclief irom the heat, was descried Hillsboro, Wis., July 30 — iff) Bob Jacobson celebrated ihe ;.. rival of an eight-pound daughter by going on a hitting binge in a base oall game. Jacobson slammed runs, driving in 10 (hrce home New Board to ity on any drafted by council. on Price Control By MARVIN L. ARROWSMITH Washington, July 30 — (/P) — Quickly confirmed by the Senate, members on the newly-created price decontrol board expect to get started today on the job outlined for them by Congress. Roy L. Thompson, designated as chairman but President Truman, planned as the first step a "get acquainted" meeting with his new colleagues, Daniel W. Bell and corge H. Mead. Thompson is president of the Federal Land Bank of New Orleans; Bell, former undersecretary of the treasury, is president of the American Security and Trust Company of Washington; and Mead is board chairman of the Mead Paper and Pulp Company of Dayton, Ohio. The Senate confirmed them in $12,000-a-ycar jobs late yesterday, stamping its approval without discussion and with less than a score of members present. The board is set up under the OPA revival act with xinal authority on removal and restoration of price controls. Taking over power that formerly was OPA's exclusively, the board is faced with this first big assignment: A decision by August 20 whether price ceilings should be restored on meats, dairy products, grains, cotton seed, soybeans and hun- •d'ppds of products made from these items. If the board fails to act by Uiat time, ceilings automatically will be re-established. Before any decision on this, the board is required to hold public hearings so consumer groups and industry representatives can present their views . The situation is a little different on eggs, poultry, tobacco, petroleum and their products — "all of which are ceiling-free at present. Controls cannot be re-established on these items prior to August 20, nor at any time thcrcaiter unless the board consents. These are me special assignments Congress gave the board as part of us general job of jurisdiction over removal and restoration of ceilings. In effect, the board is an appeal court. It will near appeals on decisions of the secretary of agricul- luic in the case of foods and other farm commodities, and on deci sions of the OPA administrator in the case of non-agricultural products. Rulings-Byrnes Paris peace conference today the retary of Slate Byrnes told the aris peace confcienrc loday the United Slales would sland by the conferences 'recommendations in the event of a .two-thirds major- '' of the peace Ireatics Ihc foreign minislrs Byrnes spoke in the general assembly ol Uie conference shorlly after the rules committee had proposed unanimously that all eom- millee mcelings and general conference sessions bo thrown open to the press of the world — a step toward ihe Wnsoman ideal of a generalion ago of "open covenanls openly arrived at." Soviel Foreign Minister Mololov was nol present in the halt wnen Byrnes made h speech, an answer to French President Bidault's inaugural address of yesterday. The Russian delegation, wnich has insisted upon unanimity of the lour principal powers on recom- menoalions to the peace conference, was headed by tne Vice foreign Minister, Andrei Vishinsky at trie moment. "The United Slates will stand by its agreements in tne council of foreign ministers," Byrnes said. "But if ine conference should, by a two-thirds vole of Ihe governments lieie represented, make a contrary recommendation, the United Stales will use its imluencc to secure the adoption of ihat recommendation by me council." Beginning his short speech' with an ooject lesson on democracy, Bridegroom 75 Bride of 98, Start Honeymoon Malloon, 111., July 30 — I/PI—Mrs. Mary Ue Wilt Wilson, 98, and Luther Wilson, 75, who said they conducted Sunday aiternoon courtship' for three months, were honeymooning today following their marriage Saturday afternoon at nearby Charleston by Justice of tne Peace Thomas Sanders, who doubles as a barber. Mrs. Wilson, a widow with a daughter and three grandchildren, says she has chewed tobacco since, she was 4 years old. She related:' "We lived in Kentucky, and when I was 4 years old, 1 Decame ill and puny. One day 1 heard my lather telling the doctor thai he was ill when he was a child, and his parents gave him tobacco and it made him well. "We grew tobacco, so I watched for a cnance arid took a twist of nome-grown tuoacco. I started tobacco, and got well and became able to eat my victuals. "I have never smoKed tobacco, though.' VVuson, a widower twice, has one daughter. Both Mr. and Mrs. Wilson araw old age pensions. Asked whether tney would pose for a photograph, Wilson told the photographer: "(JKay — and nexl year you can come back and gel a picture of our kids.' c;- cann.H I:HJ n;. c u or taught al the point ot a bayonet. As terror inspires terror, so good will can inspire good will." Byrnes was loudly applauded when he said, 'However dillicult may be the paths of intesnalional cooperation, 1 the United States is determined not lo return to a pol-. icy of isolation.' The secretary of state said the Unitld Staos insisted that "those United Slales -insisted thai "Ihose the peace.' "I hope thai Ihe delegates will feel free lo express Ihe views of their respective slates on the proposed treaties,' he added. "No nation, large or small, can be insensitive to world opinion.' Prime Minister Atllee of Great Britain mounted the rostrum next and said: "We are endeavoring to open a new chapter -in European history. We should keep before our minds the simple objectives of removing from the hearts of simple people the brooding tear of anolner war! "In my view the peace conference task is comparable lo the Stilish government's socialist attempt to remake English lift.' He added however, lhal "our Filibuster Ties Up All House Action By WILLIAM F. ARBOGAST vvasiungton, dtiiy ou — (if) — A fili buster auu uwinuling auenaancc tnrcatenea toaay to jolt legislative in uie ±iou!>e tu a lui that happen, several ma jor Dais, inciuuiug uiose providing pay ior s a. id Hcywood Broun never received runs, as Hills- his degree from Harvard because . I - I F i ••*— u^-ej i. i. v. J.l.t.flJI A ill 1 V Cl I V4 kJt_ L tl W<OU boro ruined Woncwoe, 27-7, in a of difnctilty with elementary uneau County League contest. | French. Saying 'Quiet as Mouse' Does Not Apply to One in a Castle Says Columnist tioiiai iunus ior OPA, will die witn out imal acuon wnen v^ongres quits ior the year on rriday. me rare nousc nuuusier begar yesterday. At issue was a resmu uuu tiring tne cnamoer xo insu tute contempt proceedings on be riau ot us cuinuiutee on un-Amui- ican Activities. Tne -principals in uie dispute arc Heps. • .ttariKin (LI- ivussj and Marcaioni tLao.-Nx.). mere was no sign oi a create to- oay. ": nankin told reporters ' he .'was prepared to "lignt it through to me end ot Congress. tonio indicated a,' similar attitude. Backed up bohind .the. filibuster task is limited, "the problem mains.' pointing of Gem _ out lhal Germany re- By HAL BOYLE Nuernberg, Germany — (/P) — There he goes — right across Whoever coined the phrase "quiet as a mouse" mtisl have had fealh- ei-s in his ears. A mouse in a castle is about as noiseless as a horse in a cathedral. This is no old wives' tale or speculative hearsay. 1 am in a castle right this minute, and there is a mou.-ie scuttling around banging tip the furniture, as noisy i'or his si/.e. ounce for ounce, and decibel for decibel, as a Holstein bull in a Chinese porcelain emporium or a symphony orchestra in a Pullman berth. This mouse isn't at all impressed with living in a castle built .irom the Eberhard Faber lead pencil millions, which now houses a number of Allied gentlemen of ihe press currently re|HIrtint; the 'ligli crimes ;>.nd misdemeanors -jf topflight Na/.is. To the motiKi and glamor the high-priced arc strictly /rom nothing. He would prefer a .smaller, crumbier bread-crumbier- plaee. He doesn't waste a glance nude lady and the cnpids veils adorning the paint- thc middle of the room. Oops! Safe under a chair and a little out of breath. He sees a shoe stuffed with newspapers. He climbs up the leather slowly, crinkles around the paper and disappears into the ioe of the shoe. Then up the bed lie goes, over the folded clown sheets and .-luzzlos under the pillow. Well, wnere is the guy hiding his chocolate bar vo- night? Probably wasting it on a iraulcin. He strolls across the army blanket swaying a little in the illicit springy wool like a right- rope walker. Down the bedpost. A sudden sound of i'ootstcps massing outside. He swings his head alertly and sprains u whisker on the Dccl- pusl. All quiet again. He unfreezes and skitters across the lloor —a gray- brown shadow on the given ..'lower- pat terned linoleum. He leers up momentarily with bead-bright eyes at the clicking typewriter. Well, live and Jet live. Each mouse to his own way of life. He explores two more beds and another pair of siloes .a oedside He said the conference delegates, nations and rulers could nol ignore the forces of public opinion al work throughout the world. The prime minister, here in place of his ailing foreign minister, Ernest Bevin, said "we are anxious lo hear Uie judgments of the other 17 nations' joined at the meeting with Britain, Russia France and the United Slales. "The four powers should not, and indeed cannot, be unresponsive to the ideas of other nations—especially those nations who have contributed so much lo victory,' he said. "Lcl us never forget Germany and Japan are slill there and the very real danger of their causiny trouble .again exists if dissension is allowed to split the Allied nations.' Dr. Wang Shih-ihich, China's minister of loreign affairs, pointed out that China was longest in war. "She was first to take up arms to resist Axis aggression and among the very last to lay them down,' he s.aid. "Being convinced that peace, like war, is indivisible, she cannot but be concerned with the peace which the United Nations are making in any part of the world.' Wang called for a full and free discussion of all conference matters, saying he believed complete frankness "will be most effective in piomoting true undtrstanding among nations.' Tlirc'i ng part in worship at the Glade i Nashota Lake were rowing ,'n shal- •ipriiu', home of l'lrne:,t Owen when I low wale-i when they spied a large Bitten. Tlion Thompson Woodward l box said, .--.aid Sheriff 'I'u'h. One uf thr gals dolivi J.T. ' knockout blow with an oar. red companions. squea n .isn Own home 1 . Mrm-'abuol slippery fish, slipped a baih the Owen family were \ 'reluctant" lo have tin. 1 snake killed, he said. They iuld Wooci- •vaixl the snake had b"en ordered from "somrwhcTi! in Florida." Slate police said I hey Had taken a snake away irom Haley during a similar eiilt-meolinR .spvpral weeks ago. lowt'l benealh it and lifted it northern pike — into the boat. The catch measured '14 3-1 iiiclu.:, and weighed '•!•() pounds. In '.ncienl Egypt, if a gentleman lost his life ur an eye as a result of un operation, the surgeon's hand was cut off in retaliation. ed ceiling. He should get a :-ieck-1 table, nol even a loose suited pea- ache looking at a fat lady on a i nut lying around. What arc Incsc t't-'jli'iy. I people living on — hoi air? You Me lust crawled out t'rom the ra-I said a mouse-full, diatur and is looking for something hi 1 ean put the bite on. It's ruining . lightly outside but .'on can him plainly ten feel lie wore golf .shoes. This typewriter doesn't if bother . He rubs nis fro.it puw.; loycthiM-. You can sec his thoughts. What lo do next'.' Here it is midnight, and no breakfast yet. What'll the Id lady say 1 . 1 4iuws on shoe She thinks :uod trees. liini^ a bit. and lie must 'lave fig-j get out of lhal warm i am a mouse instead ol | lime and see how Ise 1 would already Jiuvc ; i a^lle rcallv is. She 1 1 e s oughta luugh life in a Nothing in this joint. Besides ihat i:; :;o plump — me rat! — ! big ape clanking away on Uie v. ord ne mu:;l ue deahuy in black i machine is wi-aiins mv ears raw. -.el cheese jr sienliiu; coupon:. Better iry the kilchei ' buok. ii.; mother in-law 't, He fairly waddles ati'jn I And the non-silent mouse nc|pers noisily back under the trundles across the i'loor. He bulges I tor, leaving the bi so you ean't even see his bit; feel. I lonely and still. eam- radia Paris, July 30 — (/I J i — The rule committee of the Paris peace con feruncc decided today 10 open its meetings to the press of the world and recommended vhat newsmen be admitted to all general sessions of the eonfencm Secretary of State Byrnes proposed the action to give Uie press Iree access to the proceedings ot ihc conference which will consider the treaties for Italy, Romania, Hungary. Bulgaria and Finland. He was supported by V. M. Molo- lov, Russia's foreign minister, and the Australian minister of ''orcign affairs, ' Dr. H. V. Evall. Paul Henri Spaak of Belgium was elected chairman of the committee 13 to 7 over Edward Kar- delj of Yugoslavia, with one abstention. Spaak was nominated by Evatt ;Kardelj by Molotov. . H'-wever, Kardelj, vice premier in Premier Marshal Tito's regime, \vas chosen as vice-chairman upon a suggestion of the United States and with Soviet backing. The committee meeting at which these aetions were taken was clo.serl. so it was not immediately learned .how the national dclega- the Spaak-Kardelj election of Spaak came after Testifies He Agreed to Pay Coffee $2,500 By JOHN W. HENDERSON Washington, July 30—(/P)—Eivind Anderson, Tacoma, Wash., defense contractor, testified today that he agreed to pay ?2,500 to Rep. Coffee D-Wash) for service in the cap- tal. He denied that it was intended as a "campaign contributions," as Coffee has contended. Anderson told the Sent Wai- Investigating Committee the ar- •angemenl was made in 1941 in a "lonesome corridor" under a 'winding staircase" on the House side of the capital. He related his version of a conversation, which occurred, he said, after a lunch which followed a visit which he and Paul A. Olson, then Coffee's secretary, had made to the War Department. He said he received "encouragement" there .hat he would be awarded a ?936,517 contract. The conversation was ''very short," Anderson said. : He quoted Coffee as saying that "I understand irom Paul that you will pay $2,500. for us to represent you in Washington.' ' "Yes," Anderson testified he agreed, "I will be willing to pay $2,500 to have representation in Washington. That will be all right with me." Anderson said his answer appeared "gratifying to John" and quoted Cotfee as saying "if you do that, you can depend upon us to look after your interests." Anderson said that he then inquired whether it aouid be' "all right" to send a check-after he returned to Washington State, and quoted the Coiigressman.' as replying: "That's all right, send it to Paul." "Was the campaign mentioned?" demanded Senator - JEerguson 1 ' (R- Mich). . . • • "I never -heard of it while I was m Washington," Anderson responded. "Never?" pressed .Ferguson. "Never," repeated Anderson. Anderson .said that he ,had come to'Washington;, after he became alarmed over the-possibility that he might not be awarded a hqspit- al construction job at Fort-'Lewis, Wash., although he was the low bidder. .• . -..,._ ,...| M He said he went to Coffe'e's office as "a natural event" to see .whom, he should, interview;;at* "the 1. An indepcnding committee report adjusting Differences between Inc Senate and the House on a bill to pay enlisted service personnel for furlougn time thcy lailed to releive. 2. An appropriation bill carrying $2b,Ouu,OUu 101- OPA, more tnau 2,- 50li,OOU,UOO for GI terminal pay, aim autnority lor tne attic energy control commission to use funds 01 the army's a-bomb pro- jell. 3. Legislalion authorizing the veterans administration to mrnish specially equipped .automobiles io legless war veterans. A conference report on railroad organization legislation. 4. A conference to hospital construction lho ciefeal of a compromise pro- "orcign room strangely 1 -i...sul by an JUasaryk, minister of Czechoslovakia, for a .•,y ; .ii.'!ii ul allenialing presidencies, winch x\;t,, rejected li io MX with ii"ir al^l'Miliuiis. The .lrlc.:atu.s \\liu met aruund a gireu uai/c table, touk no action on the cxplo!-i\e question of whether a simple majority ur the two- thirds rule would govern further Continued on Pane Two report on a ..-..—- program. 37u,uuiJ,000 live-year federal-aid. Hospital construction program. Unerc was a possibility xoo that the bill ireezmg social security taxes at their present level might gel caugni in the jam. It nas passed uie House and is scheduled ior a Senale vote today, but ben- ale changes could return it vo vhc House, unless tne measure passes social security laxes will jump irorn one to two and one-nan per cenl on both employers and em- ployes January 1, Vvnether any of Ihosc measures, and scores 01 minor Dills, will be considered all in the House be- Iwcen now and linal adjournment depends largely on KanKin and Marcantonio. Tne disputed resolution, asking the House iu recuinmend. contempt action against uuo«'ge Marsnau, chairman ol the .National Federation oi Constitutional Liucrties, New York, is a matter of hifin piiwlege and lanes precedence over anything else in me House, uankin can call it up any uinc ne wants. He did so yesterday as acting chairman of the committee on Un- American Activities. That committee contends Marshall failed to provide icquested mfbrmalion. iviarcaiitunio and others opposed to ihc contempt action ^orced eight roll-calls, winch IOOK 'J.5 minutes each, bciore the House finally gave up after hours ot doing little but answering names. With fewer than 250 House members on hand at any uinc yesterday and alii required for a quorum, there waa a possibility no quorum might be obtained on future calls, since many members are leaving town daily. That would lead to aq- joununenl from day lo day until Friday, when Sine Die (Final.) adjournment is scheduled. ieW'> — War Department* abbtitnhe " con" tract.••••! •;.-<,. : - ; a. i :<'s-v<;,^-»!M'.i(.>-.:.' • • f^ Under questioning by Senator- Mitchell (D-Wash), Anderson acknowledged tnat he had talked to Coffee on prior occasions about government business. "But, if you mean, did he achieve something for me in the departments, or did he do me favors, Ihen 1 say no," he added. Anderson testified that Olson accompanied him to Ihe War Department where they talked with "the chief assistant" to Lt. Gen. Brehon. Somervcll about the work. There he was "practically assured" of gelling the contract, he added. They then returned, he said, for lunch in the House dining room with Coffee. High officials of the War and End of Acute Sugar Shortage Is Predicted Washington, uly 30—(/Pi—George Dice, head of OPA's sugar rationing division, told Congress today the nation's acute sugar shortage will be cased noon in most places. Testifying before ihe House committee on loud .shortage.;. Dice said thai within aboul iwo •••-•ecks inuit housewives will be able io find sugar enough to meet their radon allowances. The OPA official said increases in sugai imports, plus snipniciits of western beet sugar lo eastern mark-Ms will relieve shortages. Bolli Dice and James M. .Marhall, head of Ihc Agriculture Dc- palir.cnl' sugar branch, stressed that no increase in the ration allowance is planned, however. Justice Department and a former senator were listed as prospective witnesses as the committee turned temporarily from ils probe into , the Garsson munitions combine. Al it entered the new field of inquiry, the committee learned ihat President Truman had granted its request for authority to inspect income, excess profit and other tax returns. The body did not disclose whose returns are to be examined, beyond a statement by Chairman Mead (D-NY) that tney would be persons associated with the Garsson enterprises. That inquiry has been temporarily sidetracked diie to the ; illness of Rep. May (D-Ky), whom the committee, is waiting to .question regarding his relations : with the combine and its promoters", including Henry and Murray Garsson. May's physician "has .reported him suffering from a chornic heart condition, recently aggravated. Coffee entered the investigation picture at his own Senator Brcwster request after (R-Mc" sub- milted evidence that Ihe Washing- Ion legislator received a 2,500 check from a Tacoma defense contractor in 1941. Coffee has acknowledged the payment by, Eivind Anderson, contending that it was a "campaign contribution", in apprccia lion of efforts on behalf of a constituent over a period of years. Meanwhile, Chairman Mead announced that the committee had added another investigation to its growing list. This is an inquiry into a report by Senator Ferguson (R- Michi concerning the storage, "at great expense and over a long period of time," of 31),000 boxes in a War Assets Administration ware house in Detroit, when the contents wore not known. In a letter to Mead asking the investigation, Ferguson declared that Ihe facts, if true, constituted "an example of waste in the disposal of surplus government property through procrastination and lack of decision on the part of Ihe government officials which ought not lo be tolerated." Fergus-'on, a committee member, said the boxes had been declared surplus by the ordnance department after an undetermined period of storage and had since been kept in storage at an annual cost of SH.iiC-). altnouch mere was "no accurate information' 'as ta the contents. Yesterday the committee heard Comptroller General Lindsay C. Warren appeal "or greater powers for tlic general accounting office to prevent "extravagance and waste" in government spending, particularly for the right to audit in detail termination of iixed price contracts. . Snvo the soil—savo soil.

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