Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on July 27, 1946 · Page 6
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 6

Hope, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Saturday, July 27, 1946
Page 6
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Pago Six HOPE STAR, H-0 PC, A RICA N S AS , July 27, Bomb Damage May Claim 3rd Big Ship By JOSEPH L, MYUER Off Bikini AtolJ> Stuy. July 27 — (UP)— The Baker Day atomic bomb may claim another capital ship fatality in addition to the 15 ships already listed as possibly sunk or badly damaged, an operation crossroads expert predicted today. The 32,720-ton Japanese battleship Nagato was reported listing eight degrees to starboard, indicating her hull had been breached and her below decks compartments were flooding gradually. The 27-year-old ship developed a slight list after Thursday's underwater atomic burst which sent the battleship Arkansas, the carrier Saratoga, three smaller vessels and possibly five submarines 'o the bottom of Bikini's oil-slicked waters. Dr. Ralph A. Sawyer, technics 1 director of Joint Task Force One, believed the Nagato may sink jn another 24 to 48 hours. Meanwhile, Vice Adm. W. H. P. Blandy. operation crossroads commander, braved the "hot" waters of the rainbow-hued lagoon to see for himself what damage the bomb had caused. He personally led a group of correspondents into The laPoon for an inspection tour despite the lingering danger of ra- Oioactivity. When he returned to his flagship USS Mt. McKinley, he and his officers settled back to await J-ench- Ing-- rains which they hope will cleanse the target ships o£ :. aiio- activity deposited on them by the burst.,! Tradewinds have died down completely, giving rise to fears that an excessive calm may delay full reentry into the lagoon longer than the five days originally planned. Blandy's inspection of the damage showed: Sunk: the battleship Arkansas, aircraft carrier Saratoga, cement Yard Oiler 160, one Landing Craft (tank) and the Landing Ship medium 60, from which the bomb was suspended for the experimen tal underwater blast. • Possibly sunk: five submarines, the Pilotfish, Apogonn Skipjack, Sc Raven and Dentuda. The buoys to which the submarines were attached while submurged were alt in place and Blandy thought the 504 So. Walnut St. Phone 416 Superior Dry Cleaning Insured Storage Call & Delivery FayJaines Lyle Moore Axis Satellites Face Carving Knife Czechoslovakia!! industrial area given to Poland by Nazis in 1939 POLAN U, S. S. R. Northern half of Tronsylvanio taken from Romania by Axis-dictated pact of 1940, given to Hungary Northern Bukovina mania by Russia Taken by Hungary from Czechoslovakia in 1938 HUNGARY ROMANIA Future administration and control of Danube valley and mouth still a major problem ®BUCHAREST YUGOSLAVIA originally Romania Southern Bulgarian, 1913, was BULGARIA Educators to Discuss Gl School Proposal Russfllville. July 26 —(UP) — An educators committee, recently formed to discuss the possibility )f setting vip a G-I university to landle the over-How of pupils in Arkansas' .schools, planned to hold its first mcclnig at Arkansas Poly- .echmc Institute here today. '.-'le Kr'nralion Commi'^inner Ralph 15. Jones, chairman, said .u ecmmi'U'e would report to Gov. I5en Lancy whether such a move would ue .instilled and how it might ue accomplished. The group was set up after educators reported that there were some S.OOO to li.OOO more students in the state than present facilities could accommodate, The proposal consisted of taking over a surplus government installation, such as Camp Robinson, for setting up the school. Rioting Jews Brought Usider Wcilfsnilhausen. Germanv, Julv 26 —i UP'— Hundreds of' Jewish displaced persons, some yelling "American Gestapo," were forcer, back into the Foehrenwald DP.S camp last night after they hac surrounded, spit upon and tupped American military police wht broke up a riot, officials said today. Six Di'o were slightly "•jured by bayonets. Military jrovcrnment officials said the camp leader Life in a Target Range he said, wore nmrthotl off at nncc nnd killed with mnehincguns. Their bodies were thrown into a pond. All the comfort of home—almost—is provided U. S. personnel stationed on Bikini during atomic bomb tesU thove, even a sofl- drink "saloon.". Readjustment of frontiers and imposition of reparations arc expected when the peace treaty committees take up the cases of Germany's Balkan satellites, Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria. Some of the border problems are indicated above. Reported reparations agreements between Hungary and Russia include payment by the former of some 5200,000,000 worth of agricultural and industrial products, oil and other commodities. PINE GARDENS .Half Mile East of Hope FEATURING • GOOD STEAKS • Chicken Dinners 2 Private Dining Rooms OPcN FROM 5 P. M. 'Til Midnight • Cover Charge Saturday Night MILTOr: EASON, Owner subs might still be in position. Damaged: battleships Pennsylvania and Nagato. destroyer Hughes and attack transport Fallon. Possibly damaged: battleship New York. The Landing Craft (tan)--' :.'!•'. which was reported sunk yeste. day, was found still afloat. Sue had dragged h e r anchor and changed positions during the upheaval caused by the bomb blast. The radioactivity in the target area must further decrease before the damage from the atomic depth charge can be measured accurately. Every man who made the initial tour of the contaminated water absorbed two-tenths of a point of radiological penetration, the normal maximum working tolerance. Since the visit lasted only a s.iort while, task force experts ielt tha: no harm would result. There was a difference of opinion on the amount of damaae 'ihe battvjship New York suffered. Some correspondents reported '.hat she appeared undamaged, and believed an upended airplane on nor catapult appeared to be the 0'ily .casualty. Blandy learned as the result ot lis inspection that the battleship PennsyiVania was damaged and settling slowly by the stern. During the war, the Pennsylvania sustained bomb damage to her stern but temporary repairs apparently were unable to withstand the atomic blast. The destroyer Hughes was on an even keel but deep in the water. Blandy ordered crews to tow her to shallow water so that if she sinks, she can be studied by navy divers. The transport Fallon was listing 10 degrees to the starboard wiili-. the Nagato, also listing slightly to the starboard, appeared to be lower in the water .An airplane on the forward deck of the transport War Criminals .Nuernberg, Germany, July 2(i — ',rP> — Justice Robert H. Jackson demanded on behalf of the United States today that all the 22 Nazi leaders on trial on war crimes charges before Ihc international military tribunal De convicted as "conspirators" to wage aggressive boro in the state tournament. Little .Rock qualified automatically as defending champion, while Fort Smith and Jonesboro won their respective districl crowns. — ^—^——— —o Novelist Hcrvey Allen attended ic Naval Academy at Annapolis. inandcd the American soldiers be turned over to the DPS." The second riot last night stemmed indirectly from a small riot Wednesday evening when German police shot and killed Isaac Fcldberg. a displaced person. An official statement by the I military government said the i Foehrenwafd DPS "marched out of camp 16 abreast" as a rcin- be- thc Gasconade was smashed apparently by a high wave. The submarines Parchc and Skate still were on the surface. Oil and dirty water found bubbling up from the bottom prompted Blandy to say, "Sure as hell something sank there." It may 'have been the spot where the gal 1 lant Saratoga met her ::ate. The underwater burst threw some small boats 20 to 30 feel on to Bikini beach and a landing dock was torn and tipped. United Press Correspondent Ilo- bert Bcnnyhoff who flew over -h? target fleet from the air said the twisted and crumpled carrier Independence was still floating, still with the same list to starboard she had after undergoing tha li_.t atom explosion three weeks a:jo. The cruiser Salt Lake City, rer smoke slack slill crushed and lurching crazily froni the midair blast, was listing slighlly to starboard, Bennyhoff said. "There seems to be an almost complete lack of heavy surface damage to superstructures and fixtures," he said. "Some ships close to Ihe larget center have radar, radio masts and antennas Opening the prosecution's summation for the Allied nations against Hermann Goering and his 21 co-defendants after eight months of Icstimony and debate, Jackson declared: "Adolf Hitler's acts arc their acts. His guilt is the guilt of the whole dock and every man in it." Jackson was followed by the chief British prosecutor, Sir Hartley \V. Shawcross, who declared the prisoners were guilty of "12,000,COO murders." He declared they participated in and directed "the cold, calculated, deliberate attempt to dcslroy nations and races, to disintegrate the traditions, the institutions and the very existence of I'rcc andancicnl states through murder conducted like some mass production industry in the gas chambers and the ovens" of death camps. For the first time in several months, there hardly was an empty seal in Ihe courtroom. Rudolf Hess, the third ranking German before he parachuted into Scotland and started his incredible, insanity hoax, y.'as the only defendant missing beside Martin Bormann, tried in absentia but often lermed dead. Once when Jackson was relatinj how Ihe German Army, Navy am Air Force grew, paunchy Hermanr Goering and Grand Adm. Erich Raedcr started a heated argumen thai mililary police had lo break up. All Ihc defendants except Ems Kaltenbrunnor, once head of the secret police, seemed lo enjoj Jackson's biting remarks. Fran/. Von Papon, ihe wily olr diplomatic schemer, shook hi head sadly when Jackson said h was one of the men who madi Hitler believe in the "indncisioi and timidity of democratic: poo pie." Papcn had been cha'"'c!lp before Hitler took power. Ilelis lenecl intently without earphones. Julius Slreichor, Ihe •anti-Scmili publisher, paid lilllc attention. Ai and I can see very damage anwvhere." little deck forced infantry company was ing relieved of guard duty ::t camp yesterday morning. Major Philip Steers, military government director, said "as i'ar as yo'.i could see" there were people coming out of the camp. "The tactical troops jumped :Crorn their trucks," he said "and with fixed bayonets walked slowly toward the crowd. "The crowd yelled 'American Gestapo' and 'American SS.' They spit on some American troops and slapped others." The DPS were quiet today, Steers said. The only other incident occurred when automobile, a cow and a motorcycle — none legally owned by the Jews- were ordered taken from the camp. The three items were turned over the army by the Unrra. o Growing effectiveness in Ihe United Nations will logically be a ceompanied by a step-by-slop reduction in the rcsourj-js we are now compelled lo dcvolc In our security. — General —-o— Eisenhower. Temple Bailey, novelist, w; christened Irene Temple Bailey. Wholesale Murder by Japanese Soldiers Told Tokyo, July 2R —(/Pi— R Japanese soldiers, seeking to terrify the conquered Chinese of Nan- king, systematically ' inarched hordes of civilians to the outskirts of the city and cut them down with machineguns in 1937 .the interim tional war crimes tribunal heard today. Three Chinese described scenes of wholesale murder and rape in the trial of Itidcki Tojo and 2(j other allctcd warmongers. More than 200.000 civilians were slaughtered in the "rape of Nankin;: Dr. Hsu Chuang-Ying, Uni vcrsily ol Illinois-educated Nanking professor estimated. Fifteen hundred Chinese youths FOR- Local Flights and CHARTERED FLIGHTS also Flight Instructions APPLY AT THE HOPE MUNICIPAL AIRPORT is for DIVIDENDS on your fire insurance! We can give you complete protection, and save you at least 20 r ,' r on your insurance cost. Your life insurance pays dividends, why not your fire Insurance? Foster-Ellis MUTUAL INSURANCE AGENCY Non-Assessable Legal Reserve 108 East 2nd Phone 221 (ASH ¥ • « » in 10 Minutes! Borrow money from us on your car, or almost anything of value. V/e'll lend you all you need if we possibly can, regardless of where you live. The more you v/ont the better v/e like it. Ten minutes usually gets you the cash. Ask for Mr. Mel-arty, at Hope Auto Co. thur Scyss-Inquail, Hitler's ruler in Holland and earlier in Austria, appeared to doze several limes. Most defendants appeared to 'jn- joy Jackson's remarks about the fortunes in art treasures which Goering lotted. The former rcichs- marshal just shood his head as if he were a man amazed. Other defendants, whose very lives wore in the balance, were former .Foreign Minister Joachim Von Ribbcntrop, Field Marshal Wil- hclm Keitel; Col. Gen. Alfred Jodl; Giand Adm, Karl Doenitz; Hjalmar Sehacht, former economics minister and rcichsbarid president; Walther Funk. SchachL's successor; Alfred Rosenberg, Nazi party philosopher; Hans Frank, occupation governor of Poland; Wil- hclm Frick, minister of the interior, Constantin Von Neiirath former "protector" of Bohemia and Moravia; SS Gen. Fritz Sauc- kcl; Munitions Minister Albert Speer; P r o p a g a n d i s t Hans Frilsche: and Youth Leader Baldur Von Schirach. From American Legion Junior Teams to Try to Qualify By The Associated Press Nine team;; will seek to qualify in district meets ihis vvcckcjr.d .'oi the two remaining spots in thi Kansas American Legion Junio. baseball tournament at Little Rod- Aug. 1-1. Pliiy is- to get ii'"jfr way lonigl in one uf lV>i' diiiric', elimination^ with Pine Bhlf, No.tl) Little Rock Lonol:r. Melbourne, A'leHae anr Lake Villa^r: vie"."ig at Pino B'uil Three Icyri:, '••:!! try ( o -'j at Ho' Sprinjjri in a district lour nc-.y \\hieji v, ill MO! oegiu until \a ruorr'jw. Thc-y a'e Jlot Spring iUahern :i;id Cainden. Winner;; of these meets. ijol slated lo wind up Sunday, will joi Little Rock, Fort Smith and ' en mpsiead County On next Tuesday you will, by your vote, select a man for the nomination of Sheriff and Collector of your county. This is an important office, because your sheriff is not only the chief peace officer, but is also charged with the duties of Collector for the County. I was born, reared and educated in Hempstead County. I am married, and have two sons. My life is an open book. I have endeavored to conduct myself in such way as to merit the respect of the people. I have no official record to point to, except I did serve my country as a soldier, and I'm proud of that record. I am acquainted with the duties of a Sheriff and Collector, and will render prompt, courteous and efficient service. I do not belong to any political clique, or official organization, and when elected will not be obligated to anyone except the people of Hempstead County. I will, personally, discharge the duties of sheriff and collector, and not any officer or ex-officer, regardless of how much experience he may have had, will have anything to do with the running of the office of Sheriff and Collector. Reports are coming to me from all over the county that the people are saying, "Bearden is the man for Sheriff, they are flocking to him/' I want to say keep working and victory is assured. And I shall ever be grateful. Respectfully, TILMAN BEARDEN For Sheriff and Collector -This Ad Paid fur by Tilman Bearden v." 47TH YEAR: VOL. 47—NO. 244 Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor - Alex. H. Washburn Government's SPG Decision Not Acceptable The federal government's preliminary report Hint most of the 'farmland in the Southwestern Proving Ground reservation is loo-hcav- ily impregnated svith shells over to be tanned again is not acceptable to Hcmpslcad county, southwest Arkansas— or the people of the United Stales. Floyd Sharp, chief of the War Assets corporation office in Little HOCK, was merely reporting what the Army Engineers presumably said when he told Hope Chamber of Commerce at its bamiuct Friday night that 2,'j,000 acres arc "impossible" and another 17,000 acres -merely ''possible"— which throws into doubt the future of 40,000 acres of our county. II the word "impossible" is used to describe a physical fact— that is, that the Army mine-detectors can't "pick up" live-shell locations because of the presence of so much metal in shell fragments, thrn P hui'e a roil of our county is doomed to be scaled off while we sit down ana wan lor new technical ad- attoiTr inmo i r-i • cave's l ' 1C 10CaUn8 ° f hlddc »P«"HobJnJ am ana 'charts" 1 W' "Si "Ninth DistrictStatc Scnnloh Hope Star of Hooe. 1899; Press. 1927. Consolidated January 18. 1929. WEATHER FORECAST Arkansas: Partly cloudy to cloudy, scattered thundershowcrs this afternoon and tonight and in east portion Tuesday. HOPE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, JULY 29, 1946 County Voters to Cast Ballots on Tuesday Tomorrow is the day for candidates in Hempstead county when voters cast ballots in the elimination primary. The polls open at 8 a. m and close at 0:30 p. m.. Altogether there are seven offices listed on the ballot, three slate, two district and two county. Governor Ben Laney is opposed by J. M. Malonc and Virgil Greene. 1'or liculcnant-governon it's Hoy M. Milum, Nathan Gordon and R. K. Sutton. In the state auditor's racc incumbent J. Oscar Humphreys is opposed by R. C. (Bob) Surridge and R. W. Tycr. In Ihc Eighth Judicial Circuit four candidates seek the prosecuting attorney's office: J. W. (Billi Palton, Jr., ' -chvcncn n src.tatc Scnnloh what is financially feasible then I racc ."",?,. thl ' ce "spirants in Em- Woshington is going to keep hear- ory A - Thompson James P. Huling about .10.000 "war acres" in s °y n»d Dr. F. C. Crow. Arkansas from now on. The federal government spends billions of dollars turning Western deserts into irrigated farmland— what arc a few millions spent to put the sites of war plants back into the same farmablc condition in wliich the government found them? No one pretends the intrinsic value of the land justifies this. But 4 salvage of good farm land is jus- '••' lified at any cost—particularly when government was the one that damaged it. -X * * By JAMES THRASHER Amending the Charter If the United Nations Charter wcic to be taken as Holy Writ, then Andrei Gromyko, Soviet delegate to the Security Council, would be on solid ground in his objection lo (he Baruch plan for control of atomic energy. The proposed International At• t omic Development Authority, savs Mr. Gromyko, "would be inde'p- cndent of the Security Council Mid would have almost lull autonomy. This cannot be reconciled with the Charter of the United Nations.'' And indeed the Charier docs state that the Security Council shall have "primary responsibility for Hie maintenance of international peace and security." Mr. Gromyko complains that the proposed ADA would infringe on the principle of soverignty and en, danger the whole existence and fu• * lure of the United Nations, and Paragraph 7, of the Charter, which that it would contravene Article 2, states: "Nothing contained in 1he present Charter shall authorize the United Nations to intervene in inal- For Hempstead sheriff arc :Tilman Beardcn, J. W. (Son) Jones and Claude Sutton; while Tax Assessor C. Cook draws opposition in Garrett Willis and Pink W. Taylor. The Star will hold ils usual Eloc- lion Parly, giving state and county and district returns as they come in, Tuesday night. Local voters will cast ballots at the following precincts: Ward 1 and 1-A—B. R. Hamm Motor Co. Ward 2 and 2-A — Hcmpslead courthouse. Ward 3—City hall. Ward 4—City hall. Box 5—Frank Nolcn's office. U — Hempstead County Lumber Co. FBI Unraveling Negro Slayings in Georgia By LARRY AL Monroe, Ga., July 29 — (UPi — The Federal Bureau of lnv--r;tiga- tlon today tripled itu force here nnd along with slalc agents stubbornly pursued ils search ior a mob of white men thai lynched two Negro men and their wives .as bitter resentment mounted against the mass cold blooded murders. At least six FBI investigators and a like number of Georgia Bureau of Investigation agents have been thrown into the search .for a men who ambushed Ihe um^-u i, ul , UI , a tu mtw, VV.-..U „, ,,,,,t- tors which arc essentially within if 0 "' r J e S l ' ocp S some 10 miles from the domrslic jurisdiction of nny i,? M as l Thursday and sent ., mbers to , U 5i lll - clc ,,? submit such mailers lo settlement ! Jl "' the domrslic jurisdiction of nny , M y an sen ., stale or shall require Members to , U 5i lll - clc ,,? f Ts , ho i s Illto l lon ' bodies. submit such mailers lo settlement !™, Jl ",' K . s .Pp nc , c ' )lcad ° r ihc under the present Charter." | 1B1 - sald 'Hiblishcd reports that Of course, Mr. Gromyko objects Complete y^fou^dedTbul hinted ta the waiving ql thevelo powc O f a break in ihe case soon when ^s applied to punishing a govern- ho s:lid hlsl ni , t u t ™™ n t ,, mcnt found to be developing at- tery is being unraveled- omic energy for destructive purposes. He speaks of this as undermining "Ihe principle"—which unfortunately is not aiways Ihe pr-.ic- ice — "of the unanimity of the permanent members of the Security Council." "II is going lo take some time to break mis case," Spcncc added. "Even if Ihc public interest lessens, we shall proceed. We will keep on and do our best to bring lo justice those who did this deed." John Trosl, agcnt-in-charge of All this is correct according lo the Atlanta FBI office, refused to Ihc leller of the Icxl. But the | comment on progress of the in- 1 lulled Nations Charier is not Holy Writ. It was written when only a handful m men even dreamed of the imminence of Ihis new powjr which, as Mr. Baruch put it, has ? "damned every man to be slave of fear." 11 is a sel of rules achieved through argument and compromise by a group ot governments umied in the desire for peace but shorp- ly divided by divergent ideals, phil oiiophics, strengths and national interests. A wholesale revaluation of accepted theories of government, .society and science has been made necessary by the military a,sp-jets of atomic power. This need for revaluation centers inevitably on the United Nations. Why, then, must "— Mr. Gromyko talk .as if the Charier were a perfecl and eternal instrument'. 1 Obviously that is a stralegom. The Baruch plan runs counter to the Russian plan, which would, in tnc end, allow any of the great powers to violate the agreement uiiluliiwing atomic militarism and. by the veto, cheek any threatened punishment. But since the stralcgem is used il points u way lo solution. For there is a hint of flexibility in tin; j phrase, "present Charier," quoted * above. Continued on Page Two Mrs. Brown Dies at Home NearBlevins , Mrs. Fanny Brown, 71. llemp- ™ stead county resident, died last night at the home ti her orolher, Joe Brown, of Blevins. Funeral services will be held Tuesday afternoon, at 2 o'clock ut Macedonia cemetery. Rainfall Today Brings Relief From the Heat Following « swell .'ring weekend in which the mercury climbed to a high of 97 degr-'es Hempsioad today is enjoying :::>ol weat'i.'r resulting from rain early Monday morning. Saturday the lem;rjralr.re vent lo a high 97 degrees and ;i lf\v of 76. High for Sunday was IiO degrees with Uy low. There was .96 incaes of rainfall early today, the Univerfily of Arkansas [''xponmonl Station ;!n- lioimccd. vcstigation. It was reported that two FBI agents wore with J. Loy Harrison all day yesterday. Harrison, in whose automobile the Negroes were riding just before they were ambushed, was ihe lone witness to the shooting. lie had posted bond for one of the victims and was carrying the four lo work on .his farm. As interment, services were being held Cor three of the four victims yesterday, the National Nogr» Congress announced thai reprejcnla- tivcs of the organization :"rom Massachusetts, Connecticut, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Michigan. Indiana, New Jersey and New York would march to the While House in Washington today in protest against the lynching. Legion Commander Says Key to Peace Lies With Russia Texarkana, July 29 —(/I 1 ) —National Commander John Stelle ol Ihe American Lmoion declared here lasl niyht thai ."our peace efforts are being obstructed. And the blame rests squarely on Russia." Stelle spoke at a dedication of the new clubhouse of TexarKana, Tex. P.ost No. 25 and Texarkana, Ark., Post No. 58 of the Legion. "A year after the close ..f Ihc most destructive war in history, we find little progres shas been made toward permanent international harmony," Stelle said. "Russia constantly besets the path with road blocks, x x x In the light of this behavior, we must alter our eouse. "11 is high lime we become hard- boiled aboul our determination to have lasting peace through inler- muional teamwork. Let's quit vacillating. Let's quit making all the concessions. Let's get off the road of appeasement. 1 can only lead to disaster." Threat to Bomb British Consulate Brings Guard New York, July 29 —l.l'l—Radio cais, cleleeiives and the police bomb squad were sent to the building nt 25 Broadway, in \vhich the British consulate has offices, this morning on reports the building would be bombed. o By aet of congress, a :,"lag must be il'jwji crt all times at the grave of Francis Seotl Key, composer of "The Slar Spangled Banner " at Frederick, MU. Star to Hold Usual Election Returns Party in Front of Building on Tuesday Night The Star will stage its biennial Election Night Party in front of the newspaper building on South Walnut street Tuesday night, July 30, flashing precinct returns on the screen and announcing them over a loud-speaker system, which will also furnish music. Election officials all over Hempstead and Nevada counties are asked to co-operate by telephoning complete returns from their boxes, as soon as counted to Hope 768, collect. The loud-speaker system will be set up by arrangement v/ith Cobb-Tooley Radio company. State returns will be furnished by the Associated Press wire. Tuesday's Election Party will be repeated on August 13—the night of the runoff primary. (KiFAT M x e x ans Ass ° ci °t<!d Press )—Means Newspaper Enterorlse Ass'n. At Least Ten Persons Die in River Crash Caruthcrsvillc .Mo., uly 29 —(/Pi — The muddy Mississippi river was searched loday lor ine bodies of at least ten persons, possibly more, who were believed 10 have perished in the collision of a ferry boat and two oil laden barges near here. Thirteen other occupants of the fiery were saved after the :'lat boat overturned, dumping at least live vehicles and their passengers into the waters. The accident occurred at 9:20 p. m. last night SO yards from the Missouri shore as the ferry nearcd completion of its crossing i'rom the Tennessee side. One was known dead. Jerry Vickers, five-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. Claude Vickers, Jr., of Caruthersville died after he was brought to share by his mother. A brother, Larrv. G, is among the ten missing. His parents were saved. Also missing arc: Jesse Guy of Ridglcy, Tenn., ferry boat deckhand, and Mrs. Guy, who boarded the boat with his supper. L. L. Green of Caruthersville, Mo., circuit court clerk of To mis- col county. Jim Ed Kelly, 12, a rider in the green aulomobile. Robert Wood, 22, of Carulhcrs- ville. An infant child of Mr. and Mrs. C. W. Myers, address not given. Janice 'Eastwood, 21, of Cronanville, enn. Robert Lee Easlwood, 23, of Cronanville, Tenn. Ann Hopson, 21, of Cronanville, Tenn. The pilot of Ihc ferry, Ed Hcn- dricks, who was saved when he was tossed on a barge in the crash, was quoted as eslimaling Uial Ihero were between 20 and 25 persons in Ihe i'ivc or six cars on the ilat boat. Oilier estimates ran as high as 30. One survivor said the ferry carried four automobiles and one pickup truck. The ferry tug was demoi'-hcdet The ferry tug was demolished and sunk by the impact of the two oil barges, linked together and pushed by two tugs in a single train. The terry overturned and floated down the river. Aaron House, Ridgely, Tenn., still shaken from his experience, said he and two women and another man with him all were thrown into the water in a closed car. With House worn his fiancee, Janice Eastwood, 21, her brother, Robert Loo Eastwood, 23, and Ann Hopso-.i, 21, all of Cronp.r'villc, Tenn. The three companions are listed as missing. House said he kicked open the window of the car and tried to pull his woman companion with him, but her clothing caughl on the broken class and she was lost. The two barges, carrying .111,000 barrels of oil up.sltrcam from Jennings, La., bound ior Mount Vcr- non, Intl., were Ihe -ii and the Fred B. Ziglcr of Ihc G. B .iglcr Towing C'o.. Jennings. K. W. lingers, Vicksburg, Miss., the pilot on duty on Ihc tugs pushing the barge at the time of the collision, said he gavo blinker signals that he was going to pass upstream on the left or Missouri side. He said he saw no answer and that when he saw ho wclosc the boats wore approaching il was too lute 10 stop. Also on duty at the time was Gil- berl Pierce, Mermenliiu, La., tug master. RogL'i-s said he hold his barge against the ferry for a few moments after the collision hoping that some of its occupants would leap to his craft, but that in their panich those on Ihe ferry were too excited to take advantage of the chance before their boat overturned. The impact of the collision was reported lo have toppled ihe pilot bpal from the furry boat lug lo the 011 barge, saving Hendricks, the ferry pilot. Some of the survivors said they saw blinker light signals and .heard whistles .just before the crash. The barges'then backed downstream, Rogers and Pierce throwing out life preservers and aiding in bringing the swimming barge occupants to shore. LUCKY Hartford, Conn., July 29 —(/I 1 ) — Manuel Alverz, returning home fioni New York, got off a train at Bridgeport .yesterday, clapped a hand lo hi:; nip pot-Kel and discovered that liis walli'l, containing $5!!0, was missing. He's Kclting it back ioday. though. Railroad Policeman Gifs- tav Kolb, Jr., searched Ihe irain hero, and found the poeke-lbuok which had fallen between two scats. Cut glass is pressed — mil cut •— into shape. U. S. Marines Are Attacked by Communists By REYNOLDS PACKARD Peiping. July 29—(UP)—A Communist iorcc was reported tonight to have attached u train bringing 100 U. S. Marines nrom Tientsin to Peiping and in the ensuing battle boin American and Communist casuallics were inflicled. The Americans were said to have suffered more' casualties 'than the Communists. The Communist attack was regarded as of major political significance in view of the high tension now prevailing in North China. Official confirmation of the bat- lie could not be obtained tonight because only military priority telephone calls were being accepted from Peiping to Tientsin. However, there were some indications the battle might still be in progress. Chinese Nationalist troops were rushing to the scene of the attack. The Chinese Comminist were said to have ambushed the train from strategic positions on both sides of the railroad track, o Chinese Nationalist quarters said the marines were riding in several coaches in a regular pas- passenger train when it was hailed uy a volley 01 shols which wounded both maines sengers. and Chinese pas- iney for Governor Dallas, Tex. July 20—(UP)—Railroad Commissioner Beauford Jester will oppose Dr. Homer P. Rainey, v oustd epresidcnt of the University of Texas, Aug. 24 in a run-off election for the dcmcratic nomination for governor. Jester, whose vole-getting ability amazed seasoned political observers, had a wide margin over all other candidates on the JS-man ticket ior the gubernatorial seal being vacated by Gov. Coke Stevenson. Jester was ahead in 200 counties, Rainey in 18. o— Bevin Reported to Be Improved, May Attend Meet London, Julay 29 — (/P)— Foreign Says U. S. Gave Away Millions in War Work By ANN HICKS Washington, July 29 — (UP) — Comptroller General Lindsay C. Warren said today the government "gave away untold billions" through defects in war contract renegotiation laws, and said many officers who tried to prevent such losses were pulled from their jobs and " nt to the sticks." He also told the Senate war investigating committee that a "terrific lobby" by army officers was chiefly responsible .'or breaking down an 1872 statute which prohibited former government officials from handling claims against the government for two years after Iheir retirement. Testifying at the committee's inquiry into alleged war profiteering by the Garsson munitions empire, Warren named four former army officers who left the service for jobs with companies whose contract termination accounts they supervised while in uniform. "It is all very well to talk about the billions collected in renegotiation," lie continued, "but what 1 would like to know is how many billion? were given away in contract renegotiation." Committee Counsel George Mcad- er asked Warren G"Do you mean they gave back the same billions they recovered in renegotiation?" "That — and more," Warren replied. Warren said the laxity of government renegotiation laws, coupled with an apparent "moral degeneration" in their administration, seemed t o have encouraged "everybody and his brother" to try to "gel the government during the lush war years." Referring to high army officers 'who attended expense-paid parlies put on by the Garsson combine, Warren said: Washington, July 29 — (UP) — Rep. J. May, B., K ,y charges that testimony linking him with thooms on munitions combine is part of a smear campaign being directed by Sen. James om. Mead, D., N. Y., for political purposes. May gave his side of the dispute, it was disclosed today, in iorm letters sent to a number of his constituents July 19. "Sen. Jim Mead is a candidate for governor of New York, and thinks if he can crucify me he can use that .to make himself a great and overcome his present dit- ficult political.opposition and ride into office of governor of New ghork," May wrote. Mead is chairman of the Senate War o .Investigating Committee which is conducting the sensation- packed hearings on profits and dealings of a midwest munitions syndicate headed by Dr. Henrh and Murray Garsson. Mead has been mentioned frequently as a New York gubernatorial possibility, but has not announced his candidacy formally. May wrote that, "I have done no wrong, my conscience is clear and I will be vindicated in the end." Mea,d simultaneously spurred the committee to further investigation of 4.2-inch mortar shells which exploded prematurely, killing a num- oer of American soldiers. He disclosed that the War Department had submitted a second report on the defective shells, but ihe committee declined to make it public at this time pending "complete de- volopmet of all pertinent facts." The Eric Basin Metals Products, Inc., a Garsson firm, was one of eight manufacturers of 4.2 mortar PRICE 5c COPY Special Taxes Considerably More Than 1945 Little Rock, July 29—(/P)—Special tax sources in July produced $4,- 1M, 4«a lor the state compared to $3,201,926 in July, 1945, Revenue Commissioner Otho A. Cook announced today. The Julv collections brought the total for 1946 to $32,620,329 compared to $23,895,029 for the seventh month period in 1945. Sharp increases were noted in gasoline, cigarette and sales taxes. Gasoline produced $1,389,324 revenue this month compared to 994,271 last July cigarettes, $442,130 compared to $284,681; sales taxes, $1,241,005 compared ta $980,982. Liquor taxes increased to 225,792 irom $217,232 last year but beer taxes dropped to $86,067 from 127,158 in July 1945. PAC to Face Open Talks Are Sought by U. S. at Peace Meet Test in Tennessee which ones. Secretary Ernest Bcvin was report- shells, but the committee has been ed by his wife today to be "very ' " ' ' ' ' ' much improved" and perhaps will be able to uttcnd Ihe Paris peace conference by lalo in the week. London newspapers had speculated earlier that the 05-year-old .statesman's illness was more serious than merely the strain of overwork. Some suggested he might resign because he had said irankly he never wanted to be foreign secretary. Naturalist William Beobe served as an aviator in World War 1. unable to determine pany made Ihe bad Mead said his committee considered the failure of the shells "a mailer of even great magnitude than excessive profils." "For that reason, the committee had decided not. lo make public piecemeal expressions of opinion as lo the damage resulting irom these defective shells or as' to the blame therefore . . . Because of the confusion, Ihe committee urges thai condemnation of any individ- Continucd on Page Two Associated Press Political Reporter Washington, July 29 (&).— The CIU Poimcal Action Committee runs up against ils toughest dixie test tins wecK. Tennessee voters decided Thursday whether lo re- nominale 77-year-old Kenneth D. McKellar for a sixth term in the Senate. The Tennessee contesl sparks a week of political action in which: L Alabama voters choose u democratic nominee to complete the term of he lage Senator John Bankhead. 2. Arkansas nominates a Democratic gubernatorial candidate;; and; 3. Kentucky voters pick nominees for nine House seals-and the Senate chair now filled by Republican William A. Stanfill. The Alabama and Arkansas elections are tomrrow. Kentucky's Saturday. Most interest will be centered on Tennessee .however. There Edward Ward Carmack is attempting to unseat McKellar in a Democratic primary wnere nomination usually means election in November. McKellar, held in Washington by the failure oi Congress to clean up is business earlier, has been waging an active, if long distance, battle to retain the choice political position he nosv holds as me Senate's presiding officer and unofficial acting vice president. In that capacity McKellar draws $5,000 a year more salary than his colleagues and .also. Jittoaigsi&cabinet meetings. " ••••=* s *~^—" Taking note of the opposition to him, McKellar has struck back with the contention thai tho CIO- PAC neaded by Jack Kroll pur- osues pro-Russ ia pno ilieadsn m sues pro-Russian policies- and counts "New York puiKs" anong ils members. jas an indication of the seriousness with whicn McKellar supporters view Carmack's bid, Senator Stewart (D-Tenii) took the unusual course of issuing a statement asserting that his colleague's health is "strictly iirst class." Stewart said There had been some "loose charges" about the health of McKellar, who spent a lew days in INaval hospital m May. The CIO also is involved in tomorrow s Alabama voting, wuii an endorsement of Hop. Jonn Sparkman, one of three leading candidates ior the seat Senator Saift (D) now holds a temporary appointment .Rep. Frank Boykin and stale Senator James A. bimpsn are ballling v/ith Sparkman. In Arkansas, vjov. Bon Laney is being challenged ior rcnominalion by lormer Judge James Malonc and Virgil Green. The Kentucky primary Saturday will find ailing Rep. Andrew J. May, currently under lire ot the Senate War Investigating Committee, icnominatcd without opposition, i'ivc Republicans arc seeking the chance lo oppose him in November, including college president Klmer K. Gaobard, who came close to beating May two years ago. By MEL MOST Paris, July 20—(/!')—The 1,500 delegates assembling loday for the fust great peace conference of World War II were confronted by American disclosure that Secretary of Slalc Byrnes would urge all negolialions be wide open to the press of the world. An American source said the Icpuly foreign minislcrs of the lour principal powers—Britain, the United Stales, France and Russia —agreed at a meeting today to make public tomorrow the complete texts of the treaties for Italy, Romania, Hungary, Bulgaria and Finland that have been prepared 3y the foreign ministers council. These dratts, which will be submitted to the peace conference, ,vill be released for publication at 11 p. m. Greenwich Mean Time (5 p. m., Central Standard Time) Tuesday. The tcxls will be accompanied by slalcm.cnls from each of four foreign ministers giving German Highways Today Are Lanes of Trade and Barter With Eyes on Scarce Goods By HAL BOYLE Nuernberg, Germany —(/I 1 )—German highways today are lanes of barter and pilgrimage. Farm wives and children stand by Ihe roadside hawking produce, but they let you know at once that they are little interested in your Allied marks Like their brethren in the bomi'.'d out cities, they arc straight trade for looking .such items as chocolate, soap. ci rj arets or wearing apparel. It has been more than 14 months since the war ended, yet die roads are still walked by thousands of wayiarers with everything they have in the world on their backs. This backwash of battle will go on indefinitely, a restless tide of human misery fluctuating endlessly between the Allied zones, until Germany is Din of productive .queror.s. again into some order by her Sprightly, among the best tires that plod dully along the road h'nouHler.s, are a new war-err .itcd class - the painted ladies oi' the aulubahns. They aie wayward young German girls who nave moderni/.ed the world's oldest profession Their beat, instead of a Jew city blocks, may .stretch along a hundred miles of highway. Their quarry are the soldier uck and jeep drivers. Dressed provocatively, they stand far out in the highway and boldly try 10 thumb down any passing army vehicle which contains no officers. To any soldier who picks them up they quickly make their purpose clear. They seek cigarcts, candy or food — supplies which they can easily dispose of for fancy prices on the black market. If Ihc driver isn't interested, the fraulein cheerily alights and flags down another prospect. These "Macadam Magdalenes" are regarded by army authorities as one of their most serious problems in reducing vencral disease. Mosl arc infected and ihey «re difficult to catch. Soldiers rarely turn the girls in to constabulary police who patrol the highways, and the faulcins themselves ha've learned lo duck at sight of the well-marked patrol (tars. German fields are heavy with harvest Because of the shortage of farm equipment, whale :"umilie r ; from young children lo old grandmothers work together lo reap ihe precious grains. To scare away birds the :"iclds are studded with scarecrows so dilapidated they would stir a wise crow lo apoplectic caws of derision. In many eases ihc.v consist only of slicks from which dangle of metal thai tingle wind. The clothing acu'e in Germany it has ("gather in the shortage is so the scarecrows, their old rags. They if ford Light Voting Is Indicated Over Arkansas Liltle Rock, July 23 — (/1V- Can riidates for major slate offices scheduled radio talks tonight to close their campaigns on Ihe eve of tomorrow's preferential .primary wnieli is expceted to oring out un unusually light vole. Governor Ben Lancy will apeak at 7:30 p. m. in a network ;id dress here and his most active op ponent, Former Judge James M. iVJalone. LonoUe will close his campaign at Booster Park in North Lillie Hock. The third candidate lor governor is Virgil Greene of Blyllicville. In Ihe three way race for lieu tenant governor, State Senate Dean Roy Milum, Harrison, and Nathan Gordon, MorrilUm war hero, also planned to wind up their appeals to the voters. Opposing inem is T. K. Sutton of Helona. The only other slate race involved in tomorrow's primary is that lor slate auditor in which the incumbent Oscar Humphrey is opposed by R. C. Surridge and R. W. Tver. Hitler's Deputy Reported Seen in Munich Nuernberg, July 2!) WY—American intelligence officers reported today that Martin Bormann, Hit- lei- o deputy parly leader who has been missing since the fall of Ber- liim. was seen in Munich only a week ago and that a house to house search for him is going on. Bormann lung W as believed dead. He is being tried in absentia as one of the ->2 Nazi defendants by the International Military Tribunal. Lheir attitudes on the meenls that still exist. disagree- Most of the terms of the treaties already have become known unofficially. Release of the full texts simulaneously in Paris, London, Washington and Moscow had been advocated for several days by the United States and France, but the British and /Russians had differed on how much should be made public. Byrnes was disclosed to favor a policy at the "Goldfish Bowl" peace conference. If hfs proposal lor open meetings is turned down, the American informant said, Byrnes will propose that representatives of v ' of the r.Qnfere: keep newspapi rjpus commissions j, appointed to ''bpivrlj-rs formed of what goes on at closed meetings. . ..-.„• . It was known, however, that the proposed treaties would change the map of Europe, list reparations which the five defeated -nations must pay, and outlaw militarism. Secretary Byrnes, who arrived here yesterday, conferred with British Prime Minister Clement R. Atlee in an attempt to -break, the publication deadlock. Th;e two also discussed various aspects of the Palestine problem. Attlec is here in place of his foreign secretary, Ernest ..Beyin, V.'ho is ill;. -..:••: •~ilU(-;Z f ?&-?$!~£: -:f^,K- .. Washington, July 29 — l/p\ — A 2,431,708,000 allotment for GI fur- pugh pay and a .$26,000,000 fund for the reborn OPA topped a 2 479,063,210 deficiency bill approved .oday by the House Appropriations Committee. Last scheduled money measure of the 79th Congress, the bill also provides: $20,000,000 for overtime, leave and holiday pay for government workers; $250,000 for the new price decontrol board under OP-A. Provision for use of Manhattan engineering district (A-bomb project) funds by the Atomic Energy Commission, and $19,750,000 of War Department money for military aid f " the Philippines. The bill was rushed to the House door after two days of committee leanngs, and House leaders urged its immediate passage. Accounting for 98 percent of the total, the GI terminal pay allotment gives effect to pending legislation under which an estimated 15,000,000 army and navy enliste!}, personnel already discharged i-'i -'-ill in service are expected to a . w f ply for reimbursement ior unusc.i furlough time. • The bill authorizing the payments is tied up in .a Senate-House conference committee seeking to adjust differences over the form of payments. The House voted for cash, while the Senate recom-' mended bonds except for payments under $50. ; •-•'.•;>•*. The committee' cutothe 'budget estimate for furlough' pay .by '$247,i 785jOOO, saying that amount ; \vould not be needed for another yeari Other funds in .theybill include $200,000 icr- th'eiAir'- 1 -'"- :-•.<?•!,. Byrnes disclosed that he would urge the delegates to allow former enemy states, as well as any other interested nation, to present their cases to the conference. He said he felt bound by the ior- eign ministers' decision in Moscow last December which limited the peace conference talks to the Allied belligerent nations, but that he was convinced no country should be refused a hearing. The U. S. secretary said he would stand firm on all agreements he made with his colleagues at the recent meetings of the ministers in Paris, but that he reserved the right of complete freedom of action on questions on which no agreement was reached. The conference is not scheduled to consider the future of Germany or Japan, or to take up such matters as atomic energy. An American source said, however, that although the Big Four were committed to confining the discussion to the five peace treaties, the other 17 nations could bring up additional they chose. subjects if The question of freedom of navigation on the Danube was shaping up as one of the major issues of the conference, with western powers favoring such freedom over the protest of Russia. Likewise, Hungary, gateway to the Balkans, appeared to be looming as the principal battering point for Amcrean efforts lo obtain an open door economic policy in Russian-dominated eastern Europe. The Hungarian treaty stipulates that the nation can have an army of no more than 65,000 men, it was learned, and that her air force may consist of only 90 planes and 5,000 personnel. The treaty draft calls for pay nieiil of $300,000,000 in reparations lo Russia, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia, but the United States added a reservation retaining the right to reopen the reparations question if warranted by Hungary' economic situation. Countries attending the conference are: K n g 1 i s h speaking—Australia, Canada, Great Britain. New Zealand, South Africa, United States. Slovir—White Russia, U. S. S. A., Czechoslovakia, Poland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia. O t h c r EUropcan—Belgium, France, the Netherlands, Norway Greece, Asiatic—China, India. Other—Brazil, Ethiopia. Jonesboro Guarded Records Following Anonymous Threats J'nesboro, July 29 —i.Vi •— The Democratic County gccntral Committee disclosed for the 'irsl time today that because of mysterious telephone calls and anonymous threats it had used armed guards to protect the county poll tax records since it began a revision of the poll books eight days ago. Simultaneously the commiuec is- icd to all county officials and candidates in tomorrow's primary copies of the revised poll tax list of more than 8,000. Those dropped were names of persons for whom receipts had been purchased undt-i Ihc "bloc" authorization system but w.io had not assessed personally. The committee announced that if .my candidate among those for who office had \\as been dropped from the list his name would appea run thp lot regardless. official bal- _ system'';"firitf^^SUb.OOO - for the "' Commerce Department. Under terms of the OPA revival act, the board must hold public hearings before it makes any ruling on these commodities. The purpose ol this is to obtain the views of consumer groups and industry representatives. The revival law also bans restoration before August 2 ceilings on eggs, poultry, tobacco and petroleum. After that, consent of the board is required co re-establish controls. The board also has sweeping jurisdiction over decontrol of all other commodities, and it may restore ceilings on any item if it deems this necessary. Industry committees are authorized to petition the board for removal of ceilings if preliminary requests are rejected by OPA in the case of non-agricultural products, ,. or the Agriculture Department fl in the case of i'arm commodities. -* Officials said price hikes on automobiles and farm machinery probably will be the Jirst actions taken under the revised standards. They arc expected this week. Over the week-end OPA ruled that the new law eliminated ceilings on all items containing 20 percent or more by volume of meat, poultry and eggs, dairy products, or cotton seed and soybean derivatives. This left beyond controls, at least until August 21, most mayonaise, salad dressings, margarine and vegetable shortenings; animal gelatin and lard; canned chicken and powdered eggs, butter, cheese and ice cream; soy bean food products and most soy bean flour and bread, 142,076 Met Death at Hands of Jap War Criminals Washington, July 29 W 1 )—The- War Department now estimates that 142,073 Americans and Filipinos met death from enemy war crimes. Assistant Secretary of War Howard C. Peterson said the "staggering" latest total is slill growing as more inform;'.!iiin comes in. His announcement pledged speedy trials of atrocity suspects as ihey become known. The war crimes victims died * : of murder, starvation, neglect snd other forms of mistreatment. The list includes £3,039 members of the U. S. armed forces. 27.253 of the Philippine armed forces, 595 U. S. civilians and 91,184 Filipino civilians. All but some 11,000 were killed in Ihe Pacific theater. Five New Cases of Paralysis Reported in State Little Rock. Julh 29 —(/P)—-Five new cases of infantile paralysis were admitted for treatment at University hospital here over the weekend. The victims, all children, included 21 months old William T. Northern, ojvo.and Elliot Beverly, 3 of Little Rock; Marion Beavers 3, Norflecl: .Donald Barker, (i, Mabelvale and Gordon Browning, ii, Conway. Ernest Hemingway's f a thcr wanted him to be a doctor, his mother wanted him io study Ihe cello.

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