Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on July 18, 1946 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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W » < va! * TC .«*.! (Ww ^^ !*•'!' i '•?<•#) i •£'„•>> iii; t; iViUisS SK~ it m V 1 fc ,4 I Pi V'' HOPE STAR, HOPE, ARKANSAS Red Attaches Flee Charge of Espionage "By HARRY T. MONTGOMERY Ottawa, July 16 —WV- Two high members of the Hussian embassy staff accused of directing undercover espionage operations in Canada Ieft 4 Ottawa hurriedly following publication of the government report on the Soviet espionage network, it was learned today. ;The two were understood to be hc'ading back to Moscow, presumably by the way of the United States. They are Bitali G. Hamlov second secretary of the embassy who was accused of directing an NKVD (Soviet secret police) espionage network, and Ivan I. Krotov, commercial counsellor. Both men were charged by a Royal commission with operating espionage networks secretly, while ostensibly serving in their official positions . The departure of the two followed n series of such exits beginning last December. The Royal commission report, published yesterday, told of operations in secret rooms of the Soviet embassy which, in most cases, were reported carried on without the knowledge of other embassy officials. The report stated specifically that Ambassador George Za- roubim was not involved. Pavlov and Krotov were among 17 Soviet embassy officials and employes named as, "at one iime or another since the establishment Russia Pledges Full Support to Red Cross I found the way to amazing » NewVIJALIJY...PEP... better looks! " of VITAL DIGESTIVE JUJCES Energize your body with RICH, RED BLOOD! • THESE TWO STEPS may help you. So if you are subject to poor . digestion or suspect deficient red-blood as the cause of your trouble, yet have no organic complication or focal infection, SSS Tonic may be just what you need. It is especially designed (1) to promote the flow of VITAL DIGESTIVE JUICES in the Stomach and (2) to build-up BLOOD STRENGTH when deficient. These are two important results. Thus you get fresh .vitality... pep... do your work better... become - animated... more attractive! SSS Tonic has helped " millions... you can start today... at drug stores in 10 and 20 02. sizes. © S.S.S. Co. A 'BUIID STURDY HEALTH ond le.p STALWART • STEADY • STRONG TONICS uild STURDY HEALTH Oxford. England .July 16 —(/Pi- Soviet Russia pledged her full support today to the humanitarian work of the Red Cross. "We are in hearty agreement with the principles of Red Cross," Dr. Sergei Kilesnikoy, chairman of the four-man .Russian delegation told the league of Red Cross societies at it second plenary session. The Russian delegates suggested two resolutions for the Go-nation conference. One would authorize the league itself to pass upon applications for membership. The Swiff International Red Cross committee now controls such applications. The other would encourage tne Junior Red Cross to mobilize the world's youth ior the promotion of international peace. A report released today said Russia has 3,500,000 Junior Reel Cross members. Little Case Labor Bill Signed Into Louisiana Law Baton Rouge. La., July 16—W 1 )— Gov. Jimmie Davis today signed into law a Louisiana version of the Case labor bill and another measure excluding strikers from unemployment compensation benefits. The so-called "Little Case' 'bill, one of the most controversial issues in the recent state legislative session, makes unions mutually responsible with employers for fulfillmenl of contracts between them. The governor's action, announced without comment, followed his veto of another controversial labor measure, which would have outlawed Ihe closed shop in Louisiana. Washington By HpWARD DOBSON Washington — War halted the Federal Public Housing Authority (FPHA) low-rent program with material shortages and the more pressing :ieed :"or emergency housing in industrial areas. FPHA's subsidiary, the United States Housing authoritv USHA), was able to go ahead of the embassy in 1942, directing undercover espionage operations in Canada." The NKVD network, allegedly- headed by Pavlov, was one of "several parallel systems" which the Royal commissioners said had been "and may still be" operating i in the .dominion. Now Provides THRU TRAIN SERVEGE TO NEW YORK-WASHINGTON ^ •*•• and Intermediate Lilies Including INDIANAPOLIS, CINCINNATI, COLUMBUS, CLEVELAND, BUFFALO, PITTSBURGH, BALTIMORE, PHILADELPHIA • Via Missouri Pacific Lines Baltimore & Ohio — Chesapeake & Ohio New York Central — Pennsylvania SUNSHINE SPECIAL service, famous throughout the Southwest for speed, convenience and comfort, now extends beyond the St. Louis Gateway all the way to New York, Washington and principal intermediate cities. Every day this popular Missouri Pacific train provides fast, through service to the East, offering a choice of the leading rail routes east of St. Louis. Departing from San Antonio 8:40 am, Austin 10:50 am, Galveston 9:40 am, Houston 11:45 am, Ft. Worth 3:15 pm, Dallas 4:15 pm, Texarkana 8:15 pm and Little Rock 11:55 pm, the new Sunshine Special service provides early second morning arrival in New York and Washington and convenient arrivals at intermediate cities. Returning, through cars operate over the same lines on equally convenient schedules, with evening departures from New York and Washington and second day arrival, via The Sunshine Special and The Texan, at Arkansas and Texas cities. You have a choice of accommodations too — comfortable reclining chair cars or modern sleepers— and there is no change of trains enroute. You step aboard The Sunshine Special here and ride in air-conditioned comfort all the way through to your eastern destination, Reclining Chair Cars • Ofcgu Sections • Roomettes Bedrooms • Compartments • Drawing Rooms Tickets - Reservations Information MISSOURI PACIFIC LINES "A Service Institution The Spirit of the Phillies Surprising Philadelphia Nationals show ebullient team spirit which lifted them out of cellar and established attendance record ai they storm out of dugout to congratulate Johnny Wyrustck for hitting home run. Drawing Cards ind build 53,000 war housing units vith low-rent funds. However, the var scrapped immediats hopes for 3,000 more units in 187 low-rent projects. These cannot bo revived This measure nas passed the Senate and is now before a House ••ommitlce. Wilson VV. vVyatt, na- ional housing coordinator, supports it as an intrinsic part of nis road program for veterans' hous- ng, because it would make iow- cnl homes 'available for veterans. About 232,000 veterans' and serv- cemen's families now arc living n public housing. Tremendous as it was, FPHA's var housing job didn't move the overnmcm very far along to- vard answering the groat national lueslion — "Where can I get a place to live?" FPHA says 1,200,000 Waldron Slayer Given Hearing for Shooting Wnldron, July 10 —{ft')— A preliminary hearing was scheduled here today for Mrs. Mildred Tolbert, 22, who is charged with first degree murder in the shotgun slaying of her father, Tom Metcalf, 53, at their farm home near Waldron July 9. The hearing was lo be conducted before Justice of the Peace A. C. Gaincs. Mrs. Tolbcrt surrendered July 10 to state p-olicc, who quoted her as saying she had shot her father at close range with a .12 gauge shot- Bun when he attacked her mother with a board. Mrs. Tolbcrt said her father and mother had been quarreling since the day before the slaying when Mrs. Metcalf announced she had "gained religion." Approximately 300 persons lined up in front of the Scoot county courthouse in hopes of witnessing the hearing. ~ " '' ' ----- Q • i — University Faculty Adds Rice Mentor to its Staff Fayctleville, July 10 —(/H— Addition of Dr. R. E. Wostmeycr, head of the Department of Economics at Rice Institute, Houston, Tex., to the University of Arkansas' Col- I legc of Business Administration faculty was announced today by Dean Paul VV. Milam. Dr. Wcstmeyer is the author of several books dealing with economic problems. He is an honor graduate of the University of Iowa, where he received the degrees of Bachelor of Science, Master of Arts and Doctor of Philosophy. o Ruling Given in Surplus Teacher Salary Funds Little Rock, July 16 —(/I')— Any balance remaining in a teachers salary fund after teachers salaries have been paid must be appor tionccl to all teachers on a percentage basis, Attorney General Guy E. Williams held today. The opinion went to Sharp County School Supervisor J. W. Taylor of Evening Shade. o Questions and Answers Q—Which is older, horse racing or greyhound racing? A—Greyhound racing, by at least a thousand years, says the Encyclopedia Britannica. The ancient Egyptians raced them in open fields, with a wild hare as quarry. ''We used (o catch 'em this big when th' Republicans were in office. intil more money is provided he Wagner-Ellendor-Tafl bill. by home construction two-year He has -100,000.000 to spend on Q—What is "transonic" speed? A—Speed between 600 and 900 mph. This is the transition area between subsonic and complete supersonic speed, with speed of sound at 760 mph. Q—Is Utah's Great Salt Lake saltier than the sea? A—Nearly six times saltier. Q—How many newspapers arc published in Paris? the production ot | A—20. Before the war stiniulatinp. building materials and is authorized to guarantee a market for prefabricated houses. This was provided by the Palman Housing Act. "Wilh the Wyatt program." says FPHA Commissioner Philip M. Klutnzick ,"wc are trying to telescope into two years a volume of building that otherwise would take -our or five years." It is an ambitious plan t:> get homes at prices veterans can afford to Day. It includes the hope that passage of the Wagner number was 01. the Q—What are the odds agains striking oil? A—Oilmen say that with the ful data, odds runs about 5 lo 1 agains finding oil. We, the Women By RUTH MILUETT NEA Staff Writer Americans have had to beg foi so long, and for so many ot the nccessilies of life, lhal it's a wondci Fourteenth Polio Case Reported in Arkansas Little Rock, July Ifi — (/r')-~ Seven- year-old John Alexander Bailey of Little Rock was admitted to University hospital for infantile paralysis treatment today. It was the t were a gift instead of an item bought and paid for. Wheedling, begging, pleading. - --'• "•! undignified way for have to transact busi- it s such pcoplo to ticss. VVith money in our pockets wo ve become a nation of beggars. Mlh polio case reported in Littlu Rock since Jan .1. Jimmy: "Is inK so very expensive, daddy?" Daddy; "No, son, why do yon nskV" Jimmy: "Because mother is so upset about my spilling some on the rug." Harry Segnar, Sr. PLUMBER Contracting and Repairs Phone 382-J 1023 South Main St. . . ____ .. bill, or a similar one they have any dignily left sponsored by Rep. McCormackj Certainly, we all hate to find our- iD.-Massi, will permit pandcd low-rent prograro. to families j inart; ' 1 along hand-in-hand u ast October. By the end of lad been forced to double up by j Accelerated private building. " this I Given the aulhori with year 3,40(1,000 more ity and money need! proposed in either of those two selves in Ihese begging silualions: Bogging a butcher for a pound of hamburger. Standing in line for stockings. Saying lo a clerk in a men's slore: "Could you possibly find me a white shirt?" —and then, in an attempt to svin his sympathy, explaining the dosperalc need for one. Begging for an automobile for lomes. About 2,900,000 of these | bills, FPHA could get started on alter will be the families of vet- i its plan to build 12:5,000 low-rent crans. units a year for the next "our That is where Wyatl and his I years. Local housing authorities ,• r— - . , -, -.-veterans' program come in to give already have asked for help on ^hich one expects to pay a plenty 'projects totalling 300.000 units to |h ' eh ,P I1CC —. and - f °"c '«>? n ° be built over the ncx three years ' scru P lcfs , against bribery, ptrhaps ,,,, , , , •* i even offering a fat bonus in add- Jhe governments double-bar-1 t ion to the sale price. private and Pleading for a hotel room. Legal Notice relied program fur public building is aimed at what KluUnick calls "the goal of good homes and livable neighborhoods for Anv.Tican veterans." He believes the job of the government is cut oul i'or it by this private enterprise can serve. Wo must rccognix.e thai public housing is here to stay." PROPOSED CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT NO. 38 SUBMITTER BY FIFTY-FIFTH GENERAI- ASSEMBLY BE IT RESOLVED BY THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF HEP- fact: RESENTATIVES OF THE STATE | "A reasonable gap—at In MS I 20 T)F ARKANSAS, a majority of all ] percent--is M'l between the top -he members elected to oacn House I "I lhe low-income market and the agreeing thereto: i lowest, possible income group that That the following is hereby pro- -••'• — '- -•-••• posed as an amendment to the Constitution of the State of Arkansas, and upon being submitted to the electors of the State for approval or rejection at the next general election for Representatives and Senators, if a majority of the electors voting thereon, at such an election, adopt such amendment, the same shall become a part of the Constitution of the State of Arkansas, to wit: SECTION 1. That Amendment No. 3 of the Constitution of the State of Arkansas be amended to read as follows: The county courts of the State in their respective counties together with a majority of the justices 1 -, ol the peace of such county, in addition to the amount of county tax allowed lo be levied, shall have , the power to levy not exceeding ten mills on the dollar on all taxable properly of their respective counties, which shall be known as lhe county road tax, and when collected shall be used in the respective counties for the purpose of making and repairing public roads and bridges of the respective counties, and for no other purpose, and shall be collected in United Stales currency or county warrant.'. legally drawn on such road tax fund if a majority of the qualified electors of such county shall have voted public road lax at lhe general election for Stale and county officers preceding such levy at such election. Filed in the office of Secretary of State on the 20th day of March, 1945. Witness rny ham! and seal of office on this Ihc 25th day of February, 1946. C. G. HALL, Secretary of State May 8, 15, 22, 29, June 5. 12.. 19, 2U July 3, 10, 17, 24, 31. Aug. 7, 14. 21, 28, Sept. 4, 11, 18, 25, Oct. 2, 9, 16, 23, 30. Going back lime after time for 11 a train reservation, saying during I each try: "I'll take anything Ii can get." I Admitting apologetically, to the I man one is trying to win as a new 11 landlord, lhat there arc children in the family. STRANGERS AREN'T WANTED l| Being put in one's place when one I asks timidly for a scarce article in; a strange slorc. I Being eternally grateful if one is granted a scarce article— as if, The Wilburn Family in Person AT THE City Hail in Hope, Arkansas Friday, July 19, 8:30p.m. The Nations Most Amazing act of Radio and Stage. The Five Children that have grown up in Radio and Stage entertaining. From their Ozark mountain farm home to the NBC Network in radio in two years with home training Formerly of the WSM Grand Ole Opry, Nashville, Tenn. Now featured daily from KTHS Hot Springs, Arkansas, 4:30 p. m. Yes friends the absent member (Leslie) returns to the band after spending seventeen months in the U. S. Hospital from service with Patton's Thiry Army. The entire group that started in radio at the young ages of six to thirteen years of age. all playing own accpt. of String Instruments and doing Vocals. Lester, Leslie, Geraldine, Doyle, (Silly Ike) Theodore. And as your special added attraction, Ken Blivens. A National Noted Clown returns from Uncle Sam's Army and will present his act of high class entertainment of fun for everybody. (Pop Wilburn) will be there to see that they make you laugh at clean jokes of Wit and Humor. Don't miss thi r , Interesting. Amusing and Educational Feature. Children under Six years of age FREE. DON'T FORGET THE TIME AND PLACE HOPE CITY HALL — FRIDAY, JULY 19 Sponsored by Your Lpcal VFW Post No. 4511 Clearance — OF ODD LOTS — Many Less Than i/ 2 Price It's Your Gain - Our Loss DARNA LEE DRESSES Sizes 9 to 15 Two Piece Styles Value Close-Out 7 only 19.95 DressK g only 12.95 Dresses 7 only 15.95 Dresses 7. These Are All Nationally Advertised i 3 only 5.95 Dresses 7 JnH I 3 only 6.95 Dresses 1 only 21.95 JERSEY DRESS only 6.20 Dresses 7 only 9.95 Dresses 4.95 REMNANTS V 2 fm 1/2 yords to 3 yards 17 LADIES'STRAW OUT THEY GO REGARDLESS OF PRICE 50 PAIR MEXICAN now 50 MEN'S GENUINE PANAMA HATS CHILDREN'S BATHING 12 Out They | Go EYELET BLOUSES WHITE, YELLOW and BLUE 6,95 Now , pr. SANDALS i/ 2 Price WE NOW HAVE HOLLYWOOD PATTE Over 2000 Patterns in Stock STORES AT HOPE and PRESCOTT 113 East Second Pi«onc 731 Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by Tho Editor Alex. H. Waahburn Moforizcd Bilbo, Now Talmadgc Wheeler Out Memo (o tl u - editor's yard man: *>J> AiS ''' '"'lay all arrangements ,.ire of. \ou recollect 1 told you nisi Spring 1 had had a pn<' lawn-mower on order for months. Well, it arnvLM ims nio.u,ii- . loday 1 am .a free man. K * f Karly (his month the people ol Mississippi, resentful ol om.side advice and an anti-slate publicity campaign in national -na^n/nWs and Norlhcin metropolitan dailies re-elected Theodore Bilbo Uniled Mates senator—although Bilbo hao brcn declared a public disgnce by Ifilmost Ihc entire home press of "Mississippi. Yesterday almost the same thing happened in Georgia, whose concluding returns today show Eu- «cnc Palrnadgc, rabble-rousing ex- governor, far ahead of James V. v-xiin i|iiiiol. supported by Governor Ellis Arnall. The Georgia ease is a striking argument for leaving home folks to work out their political problems alone. Working without interference in ihc last election the people of Georgia threw Talmadgc ^,.out of the governor's chair and - put in il young and liberal Arnall. But in this election a bunch of professional agitators from outside Georgia came in to "help"— and they helped the loud-mouthed Gene I'aimadge right back inlo lhe governor's chair. -K * •* Burton K. Wheeler, United States senator from Montana for 24 years, was defeated yesterday by I'oi mer Montana Supreme Court Justice Leif Er.ckson. The issue was whether lhe people of Montana '3 were to continue supporting the Wheeler brand of isolationism or try by intelligent foreign policies to head off a third world war. Wheeler did not change his views on the stump. But the"people of Montana did change. Two world wars wilhin tho memory of this generation prove to most Amcri- cans lhat you can't avoid war simply by not thinking about it. An obscure squabble in "Middle Europe, left strictly 4ilone by our government, in a few years rumbles over the horizon ' as a full•J> fledged war—and the men who turned away from puzling headlines find themselves suddenly matching off in the draft. Wheeler had convictions— but Montana's present conviction is that there must be something better in the future than in the past. •K * -K By JAMES THRASHER Scientific Bogeyrpen The House Rules Committee has received warning that "lhe peace and security of the United Slates , is definitely in danger" from the ^1 activities of certain scientific so' cietios. This dire alarm v.'Js raised by Ernie Adamson, chief counsel of the House Un-American Activities Committee. It was passed on to the public by Rep. J. Par- ncll Thomas, another committee member. 47TH YEAR: VOL. 47—NO. 235 New Evidence Reported in Profits Star WEATHER FORECAST Arkansas: Fair this afternoon, tonight and Friday. Star of Hooe. 1899: Press. 1927. Consolidated January 18. 1929. The report which carried this warning was a masterpiece of innu- cndp. Us source was the testimony of Army security officers at Oak nidge, Tenn., officers of the scientific societies, and others. Its purpose was to stall congressional V f action toward putting atomic energy under civilian control. Its ovcitones were ominous, as they doubtless were intended to be. But when you put the accusations down in print, they look considerably less dire. Scientific and engineering personnel, separated from government service on the atom bomb project, have organized small groups in various cities which "continue to co-operate with scientific socilies whose headquarters aio located inside the resorva- ^ lions at Oak Ridge," it is charged. It is further charged that the Oak Ridge societies arc made up of "young me'i who are classified as scientific researchers and engineers," and that their purpose is to create "some form of world government" and support international civilian control "f manulac- turc of atomic materials. Also it is charged that these young men arc opposed to Army supei vision of OUK Ridge, mat tiiL-y liave communicated with persons outside the United States '''and that (horrors!) they intend to keep on doing so. One is evidently supposed to read between the lines and discover that the accused are conspiring in their vaiicus tcienlilic cells to give away .iiioinic bomb secrets to Russia. But the evidence presented is scarcely tapauie ol nlniig one with immediate terror as to the country's peace and security. 'Ihe formation ot scientific societies and the exchange of scientific information arc old and hon- •jiu cd customs, and envisioned in "the future international development ot .atomic resources. "Some form ot world government" is advocated by a good many wise and distinguished persons, including former Supreme Court Justice (Jwcn Roberts. The tieasonable notion of international civilian control of atomic icsearch and industry is backed by, among others, the President ol tin-! United Stales. Continued on Page Four Father Royc.e Is Guest Speaker at Kiwonis Meet Father Boy ft: of "Our Lady of Good Hope Church" was speaker at tuwanis luncheon. He chose for his subject "The I \ iiicaiion of the- limited Nations'. In speaking on this subject Fathei Buyce pointed out the possibilities of the UNO but dis- jcussed it from several angles and in his final remarks slated that tne united nations will never be able to .solve their differences as long as they Juil to recognize the principles ol dealing with our Jcllowmen as laid down by Jesus some 1UUD years ago. Paul Hulsey of Norman, Arkansas was a guest. Talbot Fields, Jr. was welcomed back as a regular member of the club. By JOHN W. HENDERSON Washington, July 10 — (/!')— The Senate War Investigating Committee reported today that it Mas uncovered "new evidence" in its war profits inquiry into a midwest munitions combine. The "new evidence" delayed a committee decision on what steps it might take in hailing Chairman May fD-Ky) of the House Military Committee before it for a nubile "vn'.inlaiion of nis activities in explanation of his activities, in connection with the combine. The commiUc met i'or more than an hour behind closed doors for a "general discussions" of possible steps. Two written invitations already have been sent to him by Chair- I man Mead (D-NY) to appear "vol- i untarily." But he has laid down I conditions ior that appearance — I among them the right to cross I examine witnesses and summon I records — which the committee I has refused to accept. | May has acknowledged that he I aided the Illinois industrial com] bine during the war years, but has 'insisted that aid was for the war effort alone, and has denied that he profiled .personally. Yesterday the committee hoard testimony that he once asked an ! official of the combine: "What I about that :?:•!,000?" I At the close of today's executive I session, Francis Flanagan of committee counsel announced ihe discovery of the new evidence, but ] flatly refused to disclose 10 reporters even an "inkling" of its ,ia- turc or who it involved. He acknowledged that it might involve the reopening of public I hearings. Mead, who brought public hearings to a tumultuous end yesterday, said the committee also will 'decide wnat action to take on the non-appearance of Murray Gars, son. Garsson was one of 'the pro] moters of the .Erie Basin Metal IProd'Tts Comnany of Elgin, 111., and Batavia Metal Products Com' pany of Balavia, 111., leading com' panics in the munitions s'iuip. The chairman iold newsmen that the committee is "not satisfied" with Garsson's statement that he is unable to leave Havana because of ill health, and will c.on- sult with its chief counsel, George Meadfcr, as to the legal possibilities in connecton with both Garsson and May. Testimony concerning May's inquiry about $3,000 was offered yesterday by Mrs. Eleanor Hall, one of two pretty ox-secretaries of vhe combine's Washington office who sprinkled the committee's record with references to members of Congress and high-ranking army officers. The other, was Mrs. Jean Bates. Mrs. Bates confined her testimony chiefly to naming persons wn-o had figured in telephone conversations with her bosses, Garsson and Joseph Freeman, the Washington representative of the munitions II'"-"!. Mrs. Hall had a lengthy F'.ory to tell, and she began it by characterizing her former employer .. o_..L.'n ul Cn-.JuS. ' It was Mrs. Hall's testimony, which included frequent references to Louis Sarolas, manager of the munitions combine's Wash- in"'on office, tbnt precipitated a noisy scene as the hearing ended. ivirs. Hall was leaving ihc stand wiin a commendation from Mead for "patriotic service," a woman spectator arose and began shouting denunciations of the witness' testimony. The woman was seized by capitol police and led struggling ."rom the room. She told newsmen her name is Mrs. Vanetha Sarelas Doukes and that she is an elder sister of the "sensitive souled" Sarelas. Mrs. Hall told the commil.U;" ihe reference to $3,000 came when May telephoned I'Tocinan "auoui lumber" and finally "s f iid rather gruffly \f> Mr. Freeman: "'What about that $3,000'" "What did Mr. Freeman reply" she was asked. "It would be along in a day or so — as I remember some kind of assurance that it was coming," Mrs. Hall replied. She told the committee she 'lad been requested to listen in on the conversation and take notes. May told her during one visit to the office, she said, io O'j careful "because the wires may be tapped." Mrs. Hull also told of listening to another telephone conversation, between Freenvjn and E. M. i"^l:i/'°i'. treasurer of one of the firms in the combine, diving | wnicn r iceman asKed: "What about that piece of !paper" | Glazier replied, "what piece uf paper - or something like that," she said. "You know what 1 mean," she quoted Freeman as saving "llv $,1.000 for Yankel." Committee counsel said "Yankel" was Yiddisli "or "Jacob" or "Little Jack" and was -Dually . ussd as meaning ">iol (loo smart." Mrs Hall said 'ier employers frequently referred io May as "Yankel." <"!i-.izini- M -«i. HuM s;nd. uromis- ed to put a check for $1,0(111 in the n...in i,.e ne.Nt clay. On another oe- '••i^i 0 n s h<> related. Sarelas came into the office carrying an e:,ve- 10^0 io pass on to i''reeman. say- ling it contained $1,000 and was jj'u- 'ing "to the .hill." She's Hungry HOPE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, JULY 18,7946 Braves Cameras This ragged, starving Chinese,' orphan girl stands in a deserted rice paddy in northern Hupch province, chewing dried out stalks from the last crop. Such diet hns given her the distended t-tomadi so common in famine arcns. Allanla. July 18 —(/I')— Form'er governor Kugene Talmadgc, exponent of "white supremacy*," maintained a wide lead today in Georgia's race :;or governor as tabulation of returns from yesterday's primary election proceeded with nearly half a million voles counted. At 10:15 a.m., Talmadgc had carried or was leading in counties having a unit vote total of 234 while 36-year-old James V. Ca'r- michacl. backed by Governor Ellis Arnall, had taken or was ahead 'in counties having 156 unit votes. Caririichacl was leading in the popular vote but that means nothing in Georgia — the unit votes tell the story in much the same way as the U. S. electoral college operates. Carmichacl's popular vote was 212,472 while Talmadge had 184.419. This was a lead of-28.053. Fulton County (Atlanta'), most populous in the stale, went 'or Carmichale by a 31.161 margin on the basis of latest returns. But Talmadge had won a majority or was leading in 98 counties compared to SO for Carmichael. Former Governor E. D .Rivers and war veteran Hoke O'Kelley trailed. The vote had been completed' in 35 of the lf>9 counties, with :io ire- turns reported from two. The returns were from 1,111 of the iota! 1,746 precincts. Under iiie county unit vote system, the candidate carrying a county receives a designated number of unit votes, ranging from two l,o six. There arc 410 unit voles in all and a candidate is nominated with a majority, :"!OG. Incomplete returns showed Car- Employers who list all of their job openings with the United Stales Employment Service are certain of reaching the largest number of job seekers available in any single pool, Herbert Whitehead, manager of the locad USES office said today. "Our current list of job applicants represents not only the largest number of workers, but many with exceptional skills and abilities. We have applicants for many kinds of jobs in industry, service'trades, clerical work, and also in the professions. By us in the USES as a central clearance point, the employer has access lo the greatest number of workers and worker skills; and the veteran or oilier job applicant michael leading in heavily populated seven of counties the and Talmadgc in one. These counties arc allocated six units voles each. They include the cilies of Atlanta, Savannah, Decatur, Rome, Ma' con, Columbus. Augusta and LaGran'ge. In these eight counties Carmichael had a popular vote of 90.034 LO lannadge s 01.J28. But the red- gallused Gene was picking up his unit votes in tii2 smaller counties with two and [our unit votes, cashing in heavily on the rural vote. The primary — equivalent to an election in Georgia — - was the first time that Negroes had voted in great numbers in the deep .^outh. About 135,000 of Ihem rsgislered, and most voted. : Yet Talmadge's election may mean the restoration of v.he traditional "white Democratic priwarjf. in Georgia which the U. S. Supreme Court has said must go. Talmadge promised to bring back the whits primary by putting it beyond state control, as South Carolina did two years ago. By may be given intelligent direction I taxing tne primary out of sta^'con-' in his job socking by USES placement officers. Mr. Whitehead said thai job applicants at present In Hempslead County tolal arc veterans. 900, of which 70% Truman Aid Election trol, Talmadge contends il t'^en would be a privale organization subject only to its own rules and regulations. Opponents of such a change contend, however, that it would endanger the slale's unique county unit system which permits small rural counties lo dominate stale affairs. White persons outnumber Ne- P" r ics in Georgia nearly two to ono, although in some counties it is the ouier way around. Total registration d"i-'ng the vitriolic campaign exceeded .a million — double the normal figure. DANGEROUS ! Seattle, July 18 — i.Pi— While Frank Kulmala, 33, was waiting for a bus, he coughed. His lower plate jumped out ,if place -ind got I stuck crosswise, biting him on the longue. .^utaators called police, who rushed Kulmala to a hospital where several stitches were taken in his gashed longue. Washington, July 18 —(/P)— President Truman 'said today lie will take the noliiical stonip for Democratic E congressional candidates tins year it ne can bo 01' se> vice He told the news conference, 111 .,^.*(.., tlliiL Uu opt'CiliC pUOK-,1 for a speaking tour had been I made. Ho said he did not know whether ho would speak in New- York. Mi. Truman expressed outright opposition to the renmoinalion of one democratic house member — Ron. Roger C. Slaughter ot the Filth Missouri District. He- has asked James Pendcr- gasl. Kansas City oolilical loader to support Axtell, Slaughter's opi:i;nt-;il, Air. Ti Liman said, a'c'cl- ini! lhal Pondorgast would do so. The president had no comment to make on the defeat of Senator Wheeler (D-Mcnli in his race for lonominalion. Mr. Truman intervened. In Ihc Wheeler campaign with a loiter defending Wheeler against charges by his opponent that he was an enemy of railway labor. The political talk be last The repeal of lhe ooll lav year, and the fact that teen . could vole for the first lime v credited with adding to the vast turnout of voters. • Talmadgc whose red suspenders and unruly forelocks have made him a familiar figure on the Goor- rated called "ou side he The richer the land, the lower the cost of production. ' A .P'— Meons Associated Press iNhA)—Means Nowsooocr Enterprise Ass'n. PRICE 5c COPY China at Brink of Full-Scale Civil War By HARRISON SALISBURY U. P. Foreign News Editor (Copyright 1946 By United Press) New York, July 18 — UP — Nanking, July 18 — (/P)— Rival-, Generalissimo Stalin has shaken up Chinese government and Commu- Ihe high command of the Red nisi armies were on Ihc move to- Army and relegated Marshal day and clashes norlh of Ihis vital Gcorgi K. Zhukov, the Union's top war hero, to scurc provincial post. No announcement, ot the Sovicl an ob- Red Army shakeup has yel been made artery of China posed a threat of fullscale civil war. Gen. Chou En-lai, leader of Ihe Communist delegation in Nan-king, charged the 'government with "ag- io the Soviet public but the United I gressions" and told a press confer- Press today learned thai it already I cnce "local conflicts are blossom- haj; been carried out. ling rapidly into civil war." Peng Hsueh-Pei, minster of information, denied this and asscrlcd The chief viclim of the Red Army reorganization, so far ns the United Press has been able to Audio Murphy, 22,.of Farmersville, Tex., holder of 17 war decorations including the Congressional Medal o£ Honor, and termed "the most decorated GI," will face the perils of Hollywood next. He's slated for roles in two forthcoming films. to Help Run s Little Rock, July 18 —(IP}— John P. Vesey, chairman ol the Ar- Kansas state Police Commission under the Homer Adkins administration, has been named co-manager in the Jim Malone gubernatorial campaign, the candidate's headquarters here has announced. Vesey, who was mayor of Hope for eight years, served a term in the stale legislature from Hempstead county (1937-1939). The Malone headquarters pointed out that Vesey served as attorney for the slale in gambling cases when Ihe supreme courl held that gambling equipment could be seized and destroyed by law enforcing Agencies, including the stale police. Maintenance Plan on State Roads fro Start Soon •"-• •- Little R-pck, July 18 —(IP) — A $750,000 highway contract maintenance program will be under way throughout Arkansas by the end of August, Maintenance Engineer R. B. Winfrey has announced. Contracts for the program which calls 'for the seal-coating of some 650 miles of highway with bituminous paving material, already have been awarded in three districts and a part of a fourth and the others will be awarded shortly, Winfrey said. Peach Festival at Clarksville Draws Crowd Clarksville, July 18 —M 1 )—Thousands turned out here yesterday for Ihc annual Johnson county peach festival, which was climaxed by the crowning of Miss Florence Kenncy, Fort Smith, as "Miss Arkansas Valley.' Former Attorney General Jack Holt prc- learn, was Zhukov, commander of all Red Army ground forces and Ihe top mililary hero of Russia's World War II campaigns. First intimation ol the Red Army •=hake-un cnme in a brief United Press dispatch which cleared Moscow censorship. II said: thai Communist armies instead were upon marching from the the Yangtze,' along north whose "Unconfirmed reports said loday | Hal in weslern China.") banks lie Nanxing and the great porl of Shanghai. "If we permit them to advance lo Iht; Yanglze unopposed," Peng declared, "we had bctlcr start considering moving the capital back to Chungking (war-time cap- Mill 111 -\traai oi-r-k ("""Vi I»T r, ' ' \ that Marshal £nukov nas been appointed to command the Odessa Military District." Today the United Press obtained information that Zukov has boon t 01 his nign command and sent to the obscure Odessa post — a move comparable to relegating Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower io command a U. S. Army post at New Orleans. Zhukov, it was learned, is not Ihe only victim of the reorganization of the Red Army's xop command. However, details of the changes are not yet available. There was no explanation of the sudden Soviet move which '-.ame only a litlle more lhan three months after Zhukov had been named Hcd Army ground force commander and elevated to a post on the presidium of the supreme Soviet, top legislative body in Russia. However, il came afler the Soviet press and tne Red Army organ, Red Star, had launched a major propaganda drive for tightening up discipline in the Hed Army and placing major emphasis on security and tne preservation of state secrets from foreigners. ^.nuKov, during his service as Soviet representative on the Allied control commission in Berlin, had become a warm personal iriend of Kisenhower who then represented the United States on thai body. ZhuKov's successor as commander of Soviet ground forces was not known. Wniie Ihc shakeup of the Soviet higlr-eernmand was uncia-'sUSod to have been sweeping in ature, il appeared nol to have been as severe as the famous "purge" of the Soviet high command in 1937 when ihe top ranking hierarchy of the army was virtually swept away by executions. There has been no indication thus far that the shakeup involved any Soviet suspicion of foreign iiiiKs with the hed Army high command. Tne fact thai Zhukov was senl lo the Odessa .military district would appear to indicate thai his demotion resulted from a conflict in hign policy rather than suspicion of troacnerv. It was speculated that Ihe policy General Marshall, special U. S. envoy, flew to Ihe summer, capilal at Kuling lo confer wilh Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek and presumably gave him the latesl account of Ihe deteriorating situation. His headquarters said only thai Marshall was accompanying Dr. John Leighlon Stuart, new United States ambassador, who will present his credentials to the generalissimo. Marshall is expected to return to Nanking within two or three days to resume the deadlocked negotiations. There was an ominous quiet in Manchuria, but from reports pouring in lillle remained in China proper of lasl January's cease-fire agreemenl which Marshall hoped to use as a foundation ixir a permanent peace. Marshall Still Trying Nanking, July 18—(/P)—A scene at the Nanking military airport to- ri ay r<rp S ented a clearer picture of the Chinese situation than could a Will Name When OPA Passed-Trusnan By FRANCIS M. LeMAY Washinglon, July 13 — {#•) —A successor to Economic Stabilizer, Chester Bowles will be :oamed by President Truman, the chief executive said loday when he can get an OPA law under which a successor ian function. Asked at his news conference whether he thinks he will get such a law from Congress, he told a reporter, your guess is as good as rmne. Efforts arc underway on Capitol Hill to work oul a law revising price conlrol to substitute'for •: the" legislation the president recenlly vetoed. However, there was a temporary lull in these efforts loday. Mr. Truman said rising prices— he called them substantial — had followed the collapse of price control and predicted they would go higher unless controls are rein- 'imn 01 words Presidential Envoy George C. Marsnau was about to board a U. S. Army transport plane Sor a flight to the summer capital at Kuling to renew peace talks with Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek. Roaring down the runway came flights of Chinese air force nghter planes, each wilh five bombs nestled under the wings, their Ma- chineguns loaded and ready. Marshall was on a , peace mission; the fighter planes were off on armed reconnnaissance of strafing missions against Communist positions aloirg...ihc.,.Yangtze river.,Had he been elsewhere,* of course, Marshall might have seen Communist troops on the offen- Expect A-Bomb to Crumble Old Battleships By DON WHITEHEAD Aboard lhe U. S. S. Appa- lachan, July 18 — (fP) — The under- __ ___________ ......... _ ___ ^ conilict may have aris'en "irf'the j water atomic bomb explosion is sphere of foreign policy w here' ex P ected to turn Bikini lagoon's sent.ed Miss Kenncy a wrist watch and a sterling silver bracelet. Bobbf Jones, Jr., won his first cup in an 18-hole neighborhood golf tournament at the age of eight. Annual Switzerland Cow Fights Prove No Less Thrilling Than a Title Boxing Match in U. S. By HANS DE WATTEVILLE 'For Hal Boyle) ®-~ -I/Pi— Sion, Switzerland, July For Ine farmers living ....... ,. ... the isolated valleys of the Valais ( - ;lnl:)n in southwestern Switzer- The political talk began with a *- : "' l:) n in southwestern Swilzer question as to what the president ! lan( -l. their annual cow :~ighis arc planned to do about the Missouri!' 10 lesa thrilling than a heavyweight championship boxing bout to citizens c;f the U. 3. primary. He replied that lie was home lo vole Augusl G. gonu who defeated them in previous o- Craighead County Checks Siiegal PolJ Tax Soles Joni.'.sburo, July l.'i — i..:|',— 'lhe Crain'head C'ounly Ut-mo- eratic Central Committee was lo meet here this afternoon io investigate ivporUid irrjgulur- ilk'H in issuance of poll tax re- ce ! •)!••.. Judge C. 1). Friorsoii, S>- . i'haumun uf me central c-oin- mitl.-', said thai "several pur- sons" had complained that lhc> were listed on the pull lax lolls although they had ii.it purcnusud receipts .liomsolves. Fricrsun said Unit 10 candidates "or '.iffii'v.- \\'t'i'e ac- cus.i>d of having a hand in any irregularities, llv added, however, that some of tho candidates' siipp-jrtor.s "mav na\v lw;i t"u bold' 'in paying poll ti'xcs I'or other person? undrr tin; olocK authorization system. The chairman said ihe committee would check all authorizations for possible 'orreries. He said there was 10 i;sli- rnate of the lumber of receipts involved in the complaints. . . Toward the end of June herds | of the stocky, combative brown and black eallle known here as the years. The cowherds separate the animals if more than two become involved in a struggle. The clashes arc short but violent. Two cows will maneuver with lowered heads for a good attacK- ing position, then hurl themselves against each other, locking horns ! and straining with the whole \yeighl i of their muscular bodies until one ; yields lo superior strength. The queen cow always is the si.'"igest luissia has been increasingly in conllict with her war-time allies, the United Stales and Brtain. The U. S. ambassador lo Moscow, W. Bedell Smith, became well acquainted with £nuKov during tne days of his and Eisenhower's service on inc Allied Control Commission. Wasiiinglon sneculation at Ihc lime of Smith's appointment was thai a factor in pieiung mm ior the job was his acquaintance among top heel Army commanders and his ability to reach a meeting of minds with the Soviet military. Mercury Hits 97 Degrees Wednesday, Hottest of Year Yes you were right—yesterday was the holiest day of Ihc year with the mercury reaching a 'liign of !)7 degrees and a low of 71! clo- yuics, the University of Arkansas Experiment Station reported to! day. Monday and Tuesday the tem- P-, .,, ul v, hjf,), WMS c)5 w j ln ., j ow of 7-1 degrees. Previous high for me year was 9ti degrees rcco'clcd in June- ana again mis month. —o and heaviest of the cows are evenly matched MI power Ihen the victory goes to the with the most fighting spirit. wounds and the occasional .'oss ..if I "Hcrunce" breed are driven to high pastures just beneath the glaciers and snow covered lops of the [Alns to spend the summer. On the same day approximately [:!DO cows, cnosen i'rom the different stables, are assembled on the grazing ground to determine aja horn, the cows never are really queer. woich will occome the ; seriously injured. Some o- ih-'iii acknowledged summer leader of (display .fine sporting spirit, slep- [the combined herds. jping back lo wail a "ew seconds It IH a great nonor as well as fi-: when an opponent slips on the »vel jnancially .interesting 'or a 'armer ; grass. Others, in such an instance. |t> own a queen cow. Rivalries arc j rush in lo Cinish the rjout. | sharp and often ilvj ..-xcittiole tern-: The trial by individual combat per oi the valaisans. noted a- over • continues for about ihrc-' days Switzerland, flares in heated ar- I after tho arrival .--it pasture, put giiinenl, sometimes culminating in ! ihe fights never wholly cease all violent listic c'licounlers and life-I summer as some of the cows ;>•>• long lamily lends. again and again lo improve their ihe cow lights .start early in the rating. The oucen. However, svldom morning. Ihc animals are herded is attacked after thv 'irst 'lurries, logtlhcr in as level a field as can, her impressive series of early >'ic- be loiind in this rugged country. ! lories giving her such prestige- lhal J heir Horns have Deen olunted and ! other cows apparently feel handi- sharu tios removed. The air is j capped n-om me beginning. Uilled >vilh .lowing and bawling and) For weeks before the drive to .the tinkle ot hundreds ,>f cow bells. : r;>«lure ciwiidaios "or 1'ic ,i\lo ro- ... ''"•' £ ows - Censing .he coming ccivc special care, are fed the best : tight, dig the earth with (heir • .• .. HIT. ns'j . ,t-u LMH. horns, stamping and pawing ,vilh white wine to increase their light[their foielegs and throwing up ing spirit. They also arc allowed clocks oi din. Ihe strongest plunge to produc cless milk. That is why, into tne tray, each instinctively duiing the war, cow fight official- choosing a cow of about the same ly were forbidden by the govern- weight. Cimnily, they shun cows • ,,,ciu Fiier Says Girl Framed Him in Branding Case If lwo ; Boston. July 13 — (A>>— LI. Thorn- Fan-ell, --1-year-old veteran of Pacitic air warfare, charged with ; branding Miss Helen Stavrou, was Despite frequent deep head | on record today as saying the girl wanted lo marry him. ! Called to the stand yesterday in , Suffolk superior courl in his own ide'enr:'. Farrcll said the 18-year- i old former Wcslover Air Field typ- | isl told him: ; "You're going to have to marry me.' ' Farrt-ll testified thai the girl ; made ihe statement when he saw her on Tuesday .following the March 16 weekend during which he , is accused of branding her body, 1 slashing and .sex offenses. ' The ilier said he noticed bandages :ili -ilK- girl and asked: "\Vhai the hell is that I'or?" Hi' said Miss Stavrou answered: "That is where you burned me .IP. l!ic h'jiL-1." FaiiLll said he then asked her: "What arc you trying to do, frame me?" " Von're going 1o have to marry m ••.-," Fanvll quoted her as saying". I When asked by his counsel, Atty. i Herbert F. Callahan. if he burned j Helen Slavrou during the light of March 16-17, Farrell 'replied: I "No. 1 did not." blue waters into a monstrous bat- terng ram powerful enough to crumple the steel sdes of old battleships. The structural damage to tho 75 target ships set up for the mighty blast Julv 25 (July 24, U. S. time) is a matter of keenest interest lo scientists and naval arlhtccts. Lt. Commander Norman Myrick, member of the task force, emphasized at a press conference kinds of damage. These included holes blown the sides of ships, destruction of , ships' machinery, steel plates Wiciichea loose and Hurled as projectiles, violent shaking of the ships, fires and radioactivity. While the ships in the July were subjected to heat and blast, vessels in test punished by an "Baker" will be undersea shock creating sudden and violent stresses and strains. The most modern vessel in the target fleet is the German cruiser Prinze Eugen. The most modern United Stales ships is the carrier Sarattoga, which has the hull of a battle cruiser. Capt. Fitzhugh Lee, press officer of the task force and navy veteran, said the explosion "may crumple the hulls of some ships." A torpedo explosion creates a sudden pressure on one part ol .a ship's hull, Lee said, but the atomic bomb will apply violent and instantaneous pressure over the entire hull, possibly powerful enough to buckle thick steel plates such as those protecting battleships. The bomb will be detonated anywhere from 18 to 120 feet below the lagoon's surface but the oxact depth is Uniled States -o- sccrel. Candidates Plan Short County Tour A group of Hempstead County candidates announced today four Sketchy outlines of a uossible compromise OPA bill began to" take form as a House-Senate • conference committee met for the third day. While no one could say what ultimately would come from the committee, members said the idea shaped -up like this: 1. That the Senate yield to President Truman's insistence on re- irmval of bans for further price ceilings on rneat, butter, eggs 'and < other food items. The House con-' terees are supporting the president's position on this point. , 2. That the conferees, then follow the proposal of Senator Tafl (R-Ohiq) and strike from .the "bill- a provision that would give OPA discretionary power in. ^applying a new pricing formula that would mean price increases Jor many manufactured and agricultural items. - • ; ;§enator Millikin (R-Colo) said, Jjfrvvever,.. the . confere !Li_i_ ••-_ jv - .•r*V*+ JfV . , J i, TTi, state, of urfctefm'ed •SisagreerrieriC"-' """' although he reported'evidence of-a determination to produce an OPA bill that Mr. Truman will sign. The president has been represented on Capitol Hill as willing to sign the Senate bill — overlooking some other objections — if it restores price control on market basket items. Senator Barkley (Ky), the Democratic leader, told reporters a showdown on allempts to write a compromise price control bill that President Truman will sign is unlikely before tomorrow. Yesterday's session of the Senate-House conference commitlse considering the measure produced a lot of talk and no little confusion. It finally broke up for lack 1 of a quorum as senators drifted away to debate a bill proposing 2 con- stitulional amendment to guarantee women equal rights with men. That debate goes on today. Also, before the confereer. can get back to the subject of OPA they planned another -effort to break a weeks' long deadlock over Senate-House differences on the price of silver. A price ongage- menl will keep Barkley away i'rom any afternoon OPA session. Hence prospects are dim for an agreement today. No votes were taken yesterday on any part of the Senate bill,* which Mr. Truman has hinted strongly he will veto if it lands on his desk with its current bans on price coilngs for meat, butter, eggs, milk and several other grocery store items. However, House conferees we; e reported waiting only for a propitious moment lo propose to the senators that they back down on. the food list amendments. Mr. Truman was represented in some capitol quarters as ready to overlook other objections if the price, lid is put back on the market basket. But even in the absence of any parliamentary maneuvering within the conference, tempers apparently got hot. Senator Tobey (R-NH) emerged from the committee room declaring "lhe house conferees want to talk, but it won't take any position. The time has come to fish or cut Tall (R-Ohio), whose bait." Senator speaking dates before the elimination primary on July 30. Although all candidates would not agree to a pre-election tour several are going to speak and probably all the others will on hand also. Time will be lolled to district candidates. The tour includes: July 23, 8 p.m.— Patmos. July 24, 8 p.m.— McCaskill. July 26, 8 p.m. —Bingcn. July 29, 8 p.m. —Hope Court pricing amendment in th? vetoed bill was roundly crticized by ihe president, held firm against a compromise. "Let the president veto if it he wants to," he said. The Ohioan served notice ho will ask the conference to erase from the bill the discretionary power given OPA in applying the new pricing formula. Ths :''ormula \v-is written by Barkley as a substitutes tor the provision Mr. Truman objected to. Geographic Magazine to Feature Resources of Arkansas house lawn. Sorry land yields sorry crops. Little Rock, July IS —W— The September issue of the National be ' Georgraphic magazine will featurs al- j as its leading article an item en,' tilled Arkansas rolls up its sleeves,' the Resources and Development Commission has been notified. The article, prepared by Assisl- ant Editor Frederich Simyich, will be illustrated wilh 35 phovographs I including 16 pages of color repro I ductions.

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