.y/'>V'J'«*«BP***PapI . . t-, r tei • i i il! ft Off fTAf, HOPf, ARKANSAS Monday, July 1'S, 1946 C Congressmen Alone Know How They Vote Bv JAMES MARLOW Washinjttora, July 15 (if) —Unless you "ask yoor representatine or senator, youfB never be 'able to find out where he stood every time he voted In Coheres. The reason: No full record on all the votes oi individual congressmen exists, B never has. Yet such information might' helpsyou, make up your mind ifi.lhe Cp'n- grtessional primary" elections'"now 1 going on.. .-..•• fe #,|«. ' -\^> Your congressman cat} produce, a record, if he .wishes towon some of his voting. For the rest,you'll have to take his .word. Wh/7^ 1 •'/ k "' ;> * Because 'Congres ••Ijass^•several, ways of voting and iij. oniy. one of them is it possible to keep a 'record pf the individual's) vjpte.'tUhisiis called -the rollcall vote'. , Which means: ' , ( ^i:.<,.n } ^ui- \Vhen one member "requests, .it— and enough of the olners agree — each congresman has to -say "yes" or "no" by name. This then becomes a matter of record. Its' a rollcall vote. : A11 the other voting is one in a group, without any personal identification. The congressman vote by standing up or by shouting their "yes" or "no." this voting is decided by numbers or volume. This group voting speeds up congressional business, since it's much laster than calling the roll. Also, since no record of his individual vote is kept, it can save a congressman from embarras- ment back home. .But Congress often takes pains to order a rollcall-vote when it's voting on something which ;,cjan't bring a bad reaction back homfe. .For example. Voting money?to keep the army and navy •strong- There's usually a rollcall on things like that, although, since the result is a foregone conclusion, it would be quicker arid easier to dispense with the roll ca1K,_ Of course, there" are^rpll calls, too, on some very contro-versial matters. The British loan, for- instance, v ; >.-•. s In fact, there are so "many "rollr call"Votes' that any voter back home can tell from, them pretty ACTS ON THE KIDNEYS To" increase flow of urine and relieve irritation of the bladder from excess acidity in the urine Art you »ufferine unnecessary distress, backache, run-down feeling • and discomfort from excess acidity hi the urine? Are you disturbed nlfhti by a frequent .desire to pass water? Then you should' know about that famous doctor*s ! discovery —• DR. KILMER'S SWAMP ROOT —that thousands say fives blessed relief. Swamp Root is a carefully blended combination of 16 herbs, roots, vegetables, balsams. Dr. Kilmer's is not harsh or habit-forming In any way. Many say its rqarv«fou« effect It amaiini. All drufflsti sell Swamp Root. Hope Boy Scouts Photographed on Their Annual Outing at Camp Pioneer, Near Hatfield, Ark. —Louis Graves photo, Texarkana Back row, left to right—Perry Campbell, Ned White, Otis Kei th, Charles Dana Gibson, Jr., I. J. Sutton, Allison Shields, Joe Oiler Billy Milam, J. B. Juris. ' • Front row, left to right—Tommy Doyle, Thomas Duckett, Nolen Stanford, Happy Lyon, Richard Cook, Jesse Duke. well where his congresmasn stands on the things which are important to him, the voter. Many newspapers through the year publish the most important rollcall votes but how could you, an ordinary citizen, get a round-up record of all of your congressman's rollcall votes? You can write to him and ask.him for his record. 'CAll:the rollcall votes are published daily in the congressional record, which reports what happens in Cbngres and is mailed out by the. government printer — mainly to voters suggested by individual members of Congress. But only a handful of people, out of the whole population, ever sees the record regularly.). ~;S:o.m e private organizations make a.business of compiling Gon- gresional rollcall votinir records but these cost money, probably too much for the ordinary cilizen. Senator Glenn H. Taylor, Idaho Democrat, recently proposed lo the Senate lhat at the end of the present session the governmenl printer be ordered to publish a pamphlet — for sale to the public at cost — on thc rollcall voting record of every senator. j This probably wouldnl' cosl more Ihan a dime or a quarter. But it is almost certain the Senate will let the suggeslion perish. And no one has made a suggeslion like lhat in the House. About 14 cubic feet of warm moist air weighs one pound. Mars is only one-tenth as heavy as the earth. There were 53,000 miles of railroads in the United Stales in 1870. Amateur Wins Kansas City Golf Match Kansas Cily. July 15 (/P). —Ama- leur Frank Stranahan, son of a Toledo, O., millionaire, whose winning score of 274 in the Kansas City invitational gob* tournament yesterday resembled a pauper's bank account, today had the world's greatest professional tee- men on his hip for the moment at least. The 23-yer old Onioan had the shot for every pin during four days of blasting on Hillcrest Country I*. DODGE Club's 6,592-yard course lhal end ed without several of the big -iam money-players running out! Ihci siring. While Stranahan settled for the lille irophy after making the final round in 31-3H— G9 for a 72-holc tolal of H-undor par 274, big John Bulla, Chicago, was only one stroke away and collected Ine pro- lessional's prize of 2,, r )00. Veterans Byron Nelson, Toledo pre-tournament favorite Jimmy Hines, Little Rock, and '"arold dig) McSpaden, Sanfordm Me each came in with 276's and Sl'- 433.23 of the 20,000 victory bond pie. U. S. open champion Lloyd Man- playing out of Chicago, was ninth 'grum, Los Angeles war hero P aying out of Chicago, was ninth it 21,0, and the game's leading money winner for the year, Ben Hogan, of Hershey, Pa., finished in i tenth place tie with four others Jix-army sergeant Johnny Palmer, Baden. N. C., and Vic Ghezzi, Knoxville, Tenn., tie for sixth and seventh places at 277 while Herman Ban-on, White Plains . Y., was next with a 280. Stranahan's victory was his second triumph over the pros in the ast nine months. Ben Hogan, who collected his smallest check in many months .20, still was the money-man -for .he year, however, as Ihc golfers lamed their road show over to Chicago for the rich tam-o-shantcr and victory open this wok end Ben s lolal slands at $25,214.50. o- Chicks Take Pair From ouble *Your Safety and Comfort— * Your Present Car Investment TO all OUR FRIENDS and CUSTOMERS • —thu j? the most urgent aud sincere advice ;>ve. can give you today. "Keep YaurPre*ent Car in Top Condition" Qjf'Courge We waijt to put you in a new Dodge •'^s qiiicfcly ,as we.p^: jBr«t we sirnply can't do that. to your oivn heft advantage if you fun down the condition of your present car.: L:';. o. I,.:.- :. •- • . - f Why? Because the wait may be long— yofiril'present cur U old a«d yet you need all tlie,driving safety and voinfort you can <>el. Also, because you definitely 'profil 1 or 'Jose' hy the "condition" of your prescnl car when you finally turn U in. j So, out of our experience and knowledge of today's conditions we again say to you—• Get Our Double Protection — Today Bring in your ear. Let us give it the necessary inspection and expert care. Then you'll have peace of mind—and you'll be money ahead. Your New Dodge will be a rich reward for waiting. With Double Protection now—while you're wailing—you gain in every way. '" ~~ 0, R, Hamrn Motor Co. 207 E. Second St. Lookouts By The Asociated Pres Memphis defeated the Chat- unooga Lookouts in both ends of a twin bill yesterday to depose them as Ihc Southern Association's second-place team, taking the first Same .1-1 and thc nightcap 5-2 Barney Cook, a star with thc pennant-winning Atlanta Crackers ast year, held the Lookouts to four hits in the opener to notch nj« sev- ••nth victory against four loses Charley Rupple, a south-paw •eceimy obtained from the Philadelphia Phillies, took the lighlcap loldmg Ihe visitor:; scoreless unlit _ Ihc last inning. The front - running Crackers clowned New Orleans 7-0 with Bill Ayers winning his IGh game in posting his fourth shutout. The ^nickers were off lo a firsl-inning Hying slart in Pelican Stadium when darkness halted thc second game. The leaders tallied five runs ind were still at bat when Ihe umpires, called il a clay. Rain delayed .lie lirsl game more than two hours. Little Rock arid Nashville split a pair, Ihe Travelers taking the second till 3-0 after the visiting Vols had grabbed thc opener, 4-3 in 14 innings. Thc first game was a thriller with thc Travelers ty J'-Vv "in , SCOI ' L ' lhl ' oc timcs ' i» the filth, 10th and 12th frames after thc Vols had gone ahead in each case. Al Hazel won ih c second game with a three-hitter. Birmingham, invading Mobile got away to a three-run lead bul the Bears took over with five runs in the second and went on to win 8-5. Each club used three hurlers. Rain delayed Ihe first tilt as'.d the second was called at the end of three frames on account of dark- ncs. Tonight's schedule: Allanla at New Orleans (2) Nashville at Little Rock. Chattanooga at Memphis. Birmingham at Mobile. Charges to Be Filed Against Pines Manager Seizure of appro.ximat.oly two cases uf whiskey at Pines" Garden in a raid Saturday night was re- P°''t?, d tul - la >' '-'y Sheriff Frank Hill. Milton LaLJun, operator of j'ae gardens, will be charged with illegal possession and sale of whiskey Sheriff Hill said, fellowing Ihe raid. u __ Thoughts Thou believest that there is bui one God; thou docst well: the devils also believe, and tremble. —Jamei Arkansas Takes Stock at the HALF WAY MARK Nearly 2 Eventful Years Past -- 2 Critical Ahead and ; : lhfgi^^ih^^rcKlife : - •••'•• • • •;• ,r' ! ' j^M-v^.,/ i • ••'frii. iitx'i'f! 51 , .- •> t -• \, '• v -••, f, ; ' 'l^Hhli •^•B 1 ••'.'•• >'<••• •"• (•:](•• LANEY is the MAN who his profitable business and farming interests to give/his people an HONEST* EFFICIENT, POLITICALLY-FREE, ECONOMICAL business admlhntra-' tiOfl! ' • ' ' • - ;..,..:.:..•'• ;..;,;. :.; ; .;;,;'; .- 'GAVE Arkansas.a business administration! the Highway Department out of politics and appointed a 28-man honorary committee to study problems of highway maintenance and conftructign in order to create a 10-year "pay-as-you-go" Highway , and Road program! building to McRae Tuberculosis Sanitarium, new under construe- \ tion! < : ; — I I EWIER 38c a gallon tax on liquor foi benefit of livestock industry and vo- LCwiCiJ cational education! ', .-. 1 Postwar road building program and will use all federal matching moneys during 3-year allocation period. Already let a larger percentage of contracts to total volume of 1946 program, than four of our bordering states! •! The Nationally acclaimed Revenue stabilization Law Permitting liquidation of $800,000.00 in Non-Highway Bonded indebtedness and improving state financial structure of its institutions. DOUBLED the reduction in State Homestead Taxes! REDUCED State Inheritance Taxes! " the Bureau of Research at the University of Arkansas for agricultural and industrial research to aid in the development of the State! t State Aid to Vocational Education since 1944-45, enabling this/ program to be extended to 77 local community centers previously denied these services! ; Vi-w, in obtaining for Arkansas the best and most favorable publicity in the state's history! —..,;( funds to construct industrial school building for •Negro girls! . V.,.J;:^ additional unit at State Hospital, Benton, to accommodate 400 additional inmates and help relieve an intolerable condition. (Under construction)! I PROVIDED for the gradual elimination of ad valorum taxes! 'A DDDi^lf Eft new classroom building (now under construction), it Slat* Ml rKWGW University, Fayetteville! new dormitory for girls for University of Arkansas, F«y« etteville. (Contract already awarded)! I APPROVED ABOLISHED five inactive and unnecessary State Boards! ELIMINATED S * ate aid *° local schools by over Sl * M I U.IOH DOLLARS more than in 1944-45 through savings, economies and pwper allocation of funds, under his Stalilixation plan! < taxes at least cost per dollar collected, in modern history of State! _ ' _ _' "death-trap" condition through fire-proofing of dormU tory at State School for Deaf! I in establishing Arkansas Highway Bpndi on New York legal list, enhancing values! MAINTAINED Welfare payments . . . only six other states pay MORI on basis of per capita income! C DC A D UC A ftCft and co-operated in a vast program of industrial ^1 GMI\ H rlCMvEiV development which has been a factor in eitab lishing several hundred new Industrie* and tht Expansion of hundreds,of others in Arkansas!;; I N AUGUR ATED ""°-"" ke U.lV!- 1 ••,;:•• , ;TdQwn":of -*-'f'*-t'i.'- '-•'• • *Mtm,¥ state employes I "in* Boards and ComminfonsMnrp the Stilt Board of Fi tea I Control! • •-.^t n 4 Conservation agencies into 4^^^^m^^ *«< sources and Development Commission! 1 Here 1$ thc Proof That Arkansas Will Continue to Go Forward With EN LANEY Governor —Political Adverlisement paid for by Ben Laney, Little Rock, Ark. <* (7 Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor •Alex. H. Washburn Letter to Reader's Digest Following is thc texl of n loiter your editor has written thc Read*> "In your July issue Mr. John Gunthcr's article 'The Giant World r of Texas' (p. Oil) lakes in too much territory in reporting: 'The stale has produced thc world's biggest watei melon.' "Hope, Hempstead county, Arkansas, has held that record for a generation—backed by certified weights, duly reported In pictures and press dispatches, and evidenced by frequent presentations of actual champion watermelons to presidents, national commanders • .of thc American Legion, and other notables. "I am enclosing Warner Bros, photograph of thc world champion watermelon, 195 pounds, which was weighed in at Mope September 21, 1935, and was presented thai same month to Arkansas Motion Picture Star Dick Powell at Hollywood — where the picture of the melon and Mr. Powell was made. "The farmer who grew Ihis melon, Oscar D. Middlcbrooks, 12 miles soulh of Hope in the Palmos com, munity, had previously held the '-* world title with a weight of 104 3-4 pounds in 1930, one oC a long line of Hempstead county melon growers who had continuously hold the title of 'world champion' for Arkansas. "In your headlines over Mr. Gun- Ihcr's article you report thai Texas' 'grapefruit arc so big, nine make a dozen.' But when you arc speaking of watermelons observe lhal Arkansas grows 'cm so big, 17 make a Ion! Here are Ihe facts: 44 "Thc same half-acre on which Mr. Middlebrooks grew his 193- pound world champion in 1935 produced that same season a melon weighing 140 pounds, six melons in excess of 130 pounds, and 32 over 100 pounds. You can lake Ihe 195-pound champion, thc 140- pounder, thc six at 130 each, and add nine 100-pounders to get a tolal of 17 walermelons grossing 2,015 pounds. "Mr. Gunlhcr has been misled by his Texas enthusiasts. Thc sole claim of Texas to watermelon if, grealness was advanced in 1933 when a farmer near Allanta, Texas, claimed 183 pounds for a melon he had grown from Hope's famous seed. It didn't happen before—and hasn't happened since." -K * -K By JAMES THRASHER t ' *he Publicist i-lu Paynter may not have en[ioyi..-i hjs appearance al the Mead Committee investigation of a wartime munitions combine suspected of profiteering, .and of with thc same. Nevertheless, we think Mr. Paynter should console himself with the thought. thai his appearance was n public service, in that it shed a little light on his important, powerful, but generally unpublicized profession of publicizing. News stories identify Mr. Paynter variously as a publicity agent and a publicist. Perhaps he would prefer, as many do, thc lillo of publicity counsel or, betlcr, public relations counsel. At any rate, he represents a calling which has be. come an indispensable part of I American life. • Publicists (as we shall call them .for brevity's sake) operate on many levels. Thc big-lime publicist dispenses information, suggests policy, molds public opinion and occasionally does some lobbying. He wriles Ihc clients' speeches and his signed magazine articles. Sometimes he performs the untradition function of keeping thc clients name' out of Ihe papers. Al his best he is an ethical, intelligent, informed and y valuable source of information. He is engaged by a variety ot persons for a variety of reasons. He may be asked to publicize a slarlcl's figure or an ex-king's dcmocialic disposilion and good inlenliuns. Or he may be asked lo prescnl an enlire industry's viewpoint to Ihe public. Bul Ihe prudent invididual or concern hires a publicist as a Chinese hires a doctor —to keep him hcallhy, nol cure him of illness. To some publicists an account is simply a business arrangement, • But lo others, including some of the best ones, a client's cause partakes of the nature of a crusade. Mr. Paynlcr's relalions wilh Ihc Garsson inlcrcsls seem lo fall in Ihe latter category. Mr. Paynter told the commillee thai he had been hired by the Garssons' .attorney after he had "thought it all over for two days and two nights." His acquaintance wilh bolh principals and issues must have been brief. But be it said lo his crcdil lhal no lioness i ever defended her cubs wilh more •' ficice courage Ihan Mr. Paynter showed in his brush wilh Ihe in- vesligaling senators. He referred to the "Mead Gestapo gang." He said the commil- lee had "maliciously suppressed Ihe truth," and was holding star chamber sessions. He announcer! that he would "freeze in hell" before he would bclray a confidence. What impresses us more Ihan anything, however, is lhal Mr. Paynlcr could think Ihe whole n thing through in two days and ^'nights. That means he had lo follow the tortuous maze of tli2 Garsson transactions, whereby the Illinois Walchcasc Co., Erie Basin Mclal Products, Inc., Cumberland Lumber Co., United Stales Wind Engine and Pump Co., Ba- Lavia Metal Products Co., Inc., U. S. Challenge Co., Nalional Machinery Works, Interstate Machinery Co., Pershing Engineering Co. and yomc others were sold and resold, christened and rcchristened, snuffled and reshuffled in a manner r resembling Ihc old shell game. T Bul Mr. Paynter, in 48 hours, uol only figured the Ihing out but ainvcd at the conclusion that, as ;(hey say in Brooklyn, "we wuz Blobbed." Thai's really an imprss- "MVC emergency operation —whether it saves the patienl or nol. —r— o Soil ferliljly losses yearly by or- OMOII are 21 limes greater than Ihdl required lu produce a crop of cut n. Hope WEATHER FORECAST Arkansas: Partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Wednesday. 47TH YEAR: VOL. 47—NO. 233 Star of HODO, 189$: Press. 1927. Consolidated January 18. 1929. 43 Nazis to Die for Slaying U.S. Soldiers By DONALD DOANE Dachau, Germany, July 1C—(/P)— An American military court' sentenced '13 veteran German SS troops to death today for the slaughter of 900 American soldiers and Belgian civilians during the winter battle of the Ardennes bulge. The crimes were commuted during Germany's last offensive around the Christmas season of 1944. Prison sentences ranging up to life were given the other 30 of the 73 officers and men convicted lasl Thursday. Col. Joachim Pciper, who gave the fateful order that Ihc SS Iroops were to take no prisoners, was one of those doomed. Testimony was I thai he ordered frozen, exhausted . and disarmed American prisoners 'shot during the battle and that the Germans sang songs of massacre on the eve of Hie offensive. Col. Gen .Josef (Scpp) Dietrich, I veteran of Adolph Hitler's abortive beer hall putsch .in 1923 in nearby Munich and commander of the German Sixlh Panzer Army, was sentenced to life imprisonment. His Iroops spcarhedcd the December-January battle. Lt. Gen. Hermann Pricss, commander of the First SS Panzer Corps, was sentenced to 20 years lin prison. | Brig. Gen. Fritz Kracmcr, chief i of staff to Dietrich, was given 10 1 years. I Testimony at the trial showed I thai 750 American prisoners were ! slaughtered and 150 Belgian civilians also were put to death. Peipcr, the highest ranking officer among those sentenced to die, laughed when a photographer's flash bulb exploded in his face when senlenced was pronounced. Peiper was the daredevil commander of the "Task Force Peiper," an armored formation which included his own first SS Panzer regiment 'It was his men who participated in the massacre of American prisoners of war at the Belgian town of Malmedy, a key in the decisive battle. The lormal death sentence provided for hanging. The doomed men asked the courl for permision to be shot, inslcad. The court announced that a recommendation to thai effccl would be made to Gen. Joseph T. McNarney, commanding general of American forces in Europe. Some women wept at the sentences were read in the crowded courtroom. About thrco, fourths of the scpectators were German civilians and Ihe rest were American soldiers. The prosecution introduced stalc- menls from the defendants at the trial to show lhal the Germans had been instructed wage lo ruthless warfare and kill their cap- lives. Several Americans who escaped clcalh at Malmedy testified. HOPE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, JULY 16, 1946 Texarkana Mayor Reveals City Scandal Texarkana, July 16 —M'l— Judge N. L. Dalby of the 102nd Texas district court said today he was preparing an order for a special grand jury investigation of charges by Texarkana, Tex., Mayor W. N Harkncss that three city aldermen had accepted $1,000 each for votes on city council legislation. Mayor Harkncss made the charges at a special council meeting yesterday and added that he had accepted a similar amount to sign the proposed ordinance in order that a public investigation could be made. The mayor said the offers had been advanced by proponents of a proposal to open Spurce street Harkncss turned over to City Secretary S. D. Garrett two $500 wlls which he said were the ones he had accepted in exchange for a promise to sign the proposed ordinance. He requested that the money be turned over to united charities. The accused aldermen denied the charges and demanded a grand jury investigation. Texarkana, July 15—(Special) — Mayor W. N. Harkncss of Texarkana, Texas, blew the lid off a suspected municipal scandal here today when he charged in a statement an open meeting of the city council that three aldermen had ac- cpeled $1,000 each for their affirmative vote on the opening of a bottleneck street here, thereby increasing values of properly en that street. Mayor Harkncss said that he had accepted a $1,000 bribe in order to throw three alderman off ->ua:-d in order that he might obtain the necessary evidence against them. After reading h i s statement, Mayor Harkncss • demanded ihc resignations of Aldermen Albc-t McWilliams, Lee Tallcy, mid Harry Everett. First reaction to the mayor's stunning statement was complete silence in Ihc council chamber Only a few curious citizens had attended the special meeting. At a late hour this afternoon (lie councilmen and the mayor were engaged in a heated argument as to who was -and was not going to resign. The alleged scandal arose over affirmative action on the opening of Spruce street. Mayor Harknuss charged in his statement that Joe Eldridgc und Henry Lee, recent purchaser:; of properly at the dead end of the street, had given Alderman McWilliams $1.000 to be distributed among himself, Mayor Harkness and Aldermen Tally and Everett. people. Truman Approves Drafting of Men 19-29 Years Old Washington, July 10 —(/P)—President Truman today approved a Selective Service recommendation that men from 19 through 29 be deemed "acceptable" for drafting. The minimum of 19 is in line with recently cnacled legislation which forbade the drafting of 18- year olds. • The lop of 29, however," is"scvcr"- al years higher than the ago beyond which the armed services have been desirous of going. Few, if any, men over 29 have been drafted since V-.I day. At the same time, the 29-year age is far below the maximum now permilled by law — through 44. (The law exempts all fathers.) The War Department said S;:V- urday that it may be necessary in the future "to consider Ihc induction of men through age 35' 'but it had not recommended doing this. o Argentina Seeks Arms From Russia By HARRISON SALISBURY New York, July 16 —(UP)— Ar- gcnlina, it was understood today, has asked .Russia whether the Soviet can provide her with German war materials and armaments. The Argentine request was said to have been submitted to the Soviet trade delegation, which went to Buenos Aires some weeks before Russia and Argentina agreed to establishment of diplomatic relations . There was no indication as to the Soviet attitude toward the Argentine request, but information reaching the Uniled Press was that the matter is the subject of current negotiation between the two countries. It was believed likely that the report might be denied officially in both Moscow and Buenos Aires. Russia presumably would supply Argentina with German weapons and equipment from the vast stores captured during the course of the war and collecled on the Rusian '/.one of German and Ihc Soviel-occupied satellite countries since the end of the war. Argentine interest in German armaments, it was underslood, stems from the fact that the Argentine-army was German-trained and equipped before World War II. Thus any Gorman equipment received now would fit the pattern of German armaments already on hand. Argentine interesl in American equipment, it was suggested, is less than her interest jn German- typo weapons although she docs have certain types of American equipment. Among the specific Argentine requests, it was understood, is one for tne shipment of a dismantled German war plant. The exact iypc of plant desired was not Known but it was presumed the factory was desired to provide spares and replacements for German military items already in use by the Argentine. It was reported that Argentine had ' suggested the provision of Nazi war supplies as the first requisite of Soviel-Argcntine trade negotiations. Argentina was understood to have informed Russia that she is desirous of ..expanding her own arms industry and placing her military force, if possible on a more self-sufficient basis so .-Car as requirements from abroad arc concerned. One factor in the Argentine desire was said to be a wish to bring her military strength up to parity with that of Brazil. Brazil under American lend-lease lias "really slrcngthcncd her land, air and naval forces. It was understood that Argentine military advisers have «hown marked interest in Soviet industrial capacity. Presumably wilh a view to estimating the desirability of Argentina relying upon Ihc Soviel as a source of industrial supply. What quantities of German armaments arc now-held by the Soviet is not known. However, the Red Army captured hugh depots and storehouses as well as intact arms plants in its westward advance While the Red Army employed quantities of captured German war materials, particularly artillery, munitions and transport, in the later stages of the war, it was assumed uial present German slocks would be regarded as surplus by Moscow since Sovit-l industry, relieved of war- lime strain, presumably is fully abl-i to meet current Red Army leecls. • u Negro Wounded in Downtown Altercation Hosea Walkins, negro, was seriously slabbed by an unidentified astailanl downtown laic lasl nighl, Ihc police department reported today, j The altercation occurred in front i of Sluearl Grocery Co. the wounded neyio told police. He was fo'incU about 1 a.m. by local officers but I did not give much information ex- ccpl thai he was attacked and slabbed in the chest by an unidentified negro man. . —o Production of Bricks Resumed at Acme Plant Little Hock, July 16 —cT'i— Production of ary pressed bricks was resumed at the Little Rock plant of Acme Brick company ol today following a 10-year lapse. Martin Bolchert, division sales manager r u r the company, .said first production would average 30,00 Obricks a day and lhal wi'liin 90 days Ihc plant would be turning out 40,000 a day. Do nut mine soil. Degnan Suspect Questioned lNFAT M i5 ans At «><:l°fed Press (NEAI—Means NewstMoef Ente .rise A; PRICE 5c COPY William Heirens, 17-year-old University of Chicago student, being questioned in connection with the murder of Suzanne Degnan, is reportedly trying to make a deal with the state to confess the Degnan kidnap-murder and two other murders, in exchange for a life sentence Instead of the electric chair. This most recent photo of Heirens was made during his earlier questioning by Chicago police officials. (NEA Telephoto) Light Vote Indicated, 318 Ballots Cast in Hope in Morning; State Also Small TV , A - } ig ^ 1 votQ - > vas .indicated aj,'i p. m. today .in the- Seventh Diitrict Congressional race- in Hempstead county wilh only 318 ballots cast in the entire city of Hope. This is expected to pick up considerably during thc afternoon but every indication points to a small number probably due lo the .lacl that only one race is listed on Ihe ballot. Elections elsewhere in thc slale also indicalcd voting was '•£ It- u7 5 , votc P b , y ,P, rec i nc ,ts in Hope up lo 1:30 p. m.; Ward one, 122; Ward Iwo. 64, Ward three, 43, Ward four 23, Box five 37 Box By The Associated Press A ding-dong taallol battle was under way in Montana today (Tues- ay with Senator Burton - : K. Wheeler's campaign manager pro- dicling he would win democratic rcnomination by a close margin. Primary elections also were being seltled today in Wyoming, Arizona and Arkansas. Georgians vote tomorrow in a boiling contest formed by a "white supremacy" cry. President Truman wroic Wheeler a letlcr which he said ho hoped would slop "the smear campaign against Burl Wheeler." The senator's opponent is Leif Erickson, former Montana Supremo Court justice, who drew the support of James Roosevelt, son of the late president. With a moderately heavy vole of about 125,000 forecast, Wheeler's campaign chairman, Bailey StorU, predicted victory by 15,000 voles. "An Erickson victory by .'20,000 votes" was the forecast from Erickson's camp. A special Senate commitlee in- vosUgaling campaign expenditures as a result of Wheeler's protest that "unfair propaganda, financed by New York and Hollywood money" had been injeclcd inlo Ihe con- lesl. In Wyoming, the principal contest was to choose a Republican nominee lo oppose Gov. Lester C. Hunt, who was ,iol challenged for dcmocralic renominalion. The Republican i contenders arc former Gov. Ncal John Smith and T r e a s u r c r Earl Wright, Senator O'lVlahney. Democrat, and Rep. Frank Barrcll, Republican, were unopposed. Arizonans climax an indifferent campaign by choosing between S"nalor Ernnst W. McForland and Harry J. Valentine, Phoenix, attorney, lor the democratic senatorial nomination. The stale's two democratic representatives. John R. Muidock and Richard Harless, have only one challenger—Albert n. Macivt'nzie, Prescotl lawyer. Democrats in two Arkansas congressional dish-ids decide the democratic primary bids of war veteran candidates for seats' held by Reps. Uiooks Hays and Oren Ha'-i-is. Hays is opposed by Parker Parker and Humor F. Berry, and Ilairis by Paul Geren and urucc Bennett. Georgia's democratic primary tomorrow is a four-way battle "or the governorship nomination with former Guv. Eugene Talmadye raising the "white supremacy" issue and warning "wise" Negroes to btd.y away from the polls. He is opposed by James V. Carmichalc. former Gov. E. D. Rivers, and Hokc U'Kclley. Carmichael has the backing of Gov. Ellis Arnall. Litlle Rock. July 1(5 —i/Pi— Reports from Pulaiiki county wards indicated that olio of ihc smallest votes in county history WHS being recorded today for nomination of a fifth district congressional candidate. o A half done job in terracing a held m worse than no terraces al Youth Admits SlayingsSays Press Service By ROBERT T. LOUGHRAN (Copyright, 1946, By The United Pres) Chicago, July 16 — (U?*i— William George Heirens, 17-year-old college student, has admitlcd tnat Ihe slaying and dismcmbormcnl of six-year-old Suzanne Degnan .was premeditated — planned as the safest and easiest way to collect ransom from her father, Ihe Unil- ed Pi-ess learned from reliable sources loday. This was only one of Ihc shocks ing delails in Ihc youth's brief oral admissions, revealed exclusively by Ihc Uniled Press yesterday, that he kidnaped and killed litle Suz anno and also killed Iwo women — Frances Brown, a former Wave, and Mrs. Josephine Ross, a house wife. The latter slayings were committed in a mad fivnxy which swelled in the youth's twisted mind when thc women .surprised him in attempts to burghiri/.e their aparlmenls. The youth showed the same violent reaction June 26 when he wrestled four policemen after they caught him allcmpting to burglarize another apartment He was felled by three iiower pots in Ihe hands of a rookie cop. Thc Uniled Press sources .said lhat Ihp youth, a powerfully-buill university of Chicago .sophomore, was allempting to make a deal with Ihe slale lo pul a full conlus- sipn inlo writing in exchange for a life sentence instead of Ihe electric chair. Negro Held for Recent* Slaying in Louisiana New Orleans, July 16 —t/Pj— A 31-year-old Negro was .arrested 'yst niphl and placed .in ihc Orleans parish jail [or safekeeping in connection with Ihe brulal slaying of •< war "elf-ran. .Jseooh Pelrolin and his wife in their home June 10. ucpuly nherili Kdward .1. P- jan of St. Charles pari.sn, said ihe Negro, Milton Harold Wileon, of 't>t. Rose, was taken in custody a! a Hammond. La., sawmill when; .'ie had been working. > Prejean said Wilson had admitted the double slaying and wu:< under a murder charge in St. Charles parish. Thc couple way blain by head blows delivered with a piece of lumber in the hands of an intruder | who entered their home in the j early morning hours. The v.oman ! was raped. I Thc attack occurred wiiilc the couple's several months old baby was sleeping in a separate bed iii I the same room. The infanl was un- I harm eel. in Unify Effort By DOUGLAS B. CORNELL Washington, July ](j —(/pj_ T1, G Uniled Stales risked an open split wilh Russia today in an attempt I to force economic unification of Ucrmany. Secretary of Stale Byrnes declared lasl night that orders giving Kussia a choice between cooperation or "economic paralysis" in uermany. will go forward "this week to Gen. Joseph T. McNar- noy, American military commander at Frankfurt. The orders will be to cooperate with any or all of thc other occupying powers — Britain, Fram-e and Kussia — on finance, transportation, communication, trade and in- duslry. . In a radio report to the American people on successes and failures of the four-power council of foreign ministers at Paris, Byrnes asserted: "We will cither secure economic cooperation between the zones or place the responsibility ior the violation of the Potsdam agreement." President Truman listened in and telephoned congratulations to thc secretary immediately after the broadcast .Russia declined at the Paris meeting to go along either on economic measures, guarantees for keeping Germany disarmed for a quarter of a century, or the writing of a peace treaty for Austria. On those points, Byrnes observed, the conference "made no progress at all.' 'He pinned the blmquarely on Russia . "I do not believe," he declared, 'that (he Soviets realize the doubts and suspicions which they have raised in the minds of those in ntnnr countries who want to be their friends by the aloofness, coolness ana Hostility with wnicn they have received America's offor to guarantee jointly the continued disarmament of Germany." But on the success side of the ledger Byrnes listed the calling of a peace conference for July 29 to consider trcalies, drafted in tentative form at the Paris council, -"or Ilaly and Ihe former axis satellites. Prospect rights, he said, for treaties that will Jet the people of five occupied states "live and breath as free people." He added: "We are on the road back to peace." But the four powers had a "groat struggle.,' and tremendous difficulties" in harmonizing their views as much .as they did on peace trealies, the secretary said. And he presented a grim picture of Ihe tugging and hauling that went on over Germany and Austria. Leading up to his disclosure of thc orders being drafted for Mc- Narncy, Byrnes said it was "no secret" lhat four-power control of Germany on a zone basis is "not working well." Under thc Potsdam pact, he said, Germany was lo be administered as an economic unit. Inslcad, he added, she is being run in "four closed cpmparlmcnls" and thc country is threatened wilh "inflation and economic paralysis." Noting that the American zone is costing American taxpayers $200,000,001) a year, he declared this condition must nol continue, Hence the instruclions to the general . Byrnes granted that the time spent on Germany and Austrian questions might not have been a Continued on Page Two o Class Schedules for 1946-47 Term Are Being Planned Class schedules for the 1946-47 term will be completed on all high school students by thc end of Ihis week, Dolphus Whillcn, Jri, principal, announced loday. Any student who has nol already registered or who may desire to change his schedule should report, lo the high school office not later Ihnn Friday, July 19. No .schedules will be changed after thai dale for sludcnls who have already regislorcd. Laney Proposes Revision of State Institutions Lillle Rock, July 10 •—(/?>)— Governor Laney said loday he would lay before Ihe 1947 Arkansas legi- Islature a proposed long-range, permanent building program for state instilulions. The governor made no estimate of the cost of such an extensive program but said he believed regular stale revenues sould be sufficient to finance it. Laney said that in proposing the program he would recommend that acute needs" — such as housing and classroom facilities at educational institutions, additional space at the state hospital and fireproofing of the school for the deaf—be met first. First on the governor's list of acute needs" are two buildings at thc state hospital, one to house the tubercular insane and the other for criminally ins?ne. 'The stale hospital is more desperately in neeo. ol additions to us physical plant than any other," the governor asserted. "The population of the institution is increasing at a rate amounting to 250 in some months." Native King May See Next Bomb Test By ELTON C. FAY Aboard Ml. McKinley, July 16 — &) —Juda, king of the nation of Bikini, may see the second atomic bomb shake the island where he and his people once lived in peaceful obscurity. King Juda received an invitation today—indirect but valid — ' after he had been paid a courtesv visit by , Vlcc , Adm - w - H - p - Dlandy and other American notables, at his present abode, Rongerik island No one had any doubt, that King Juda would accept. The admiral left word he would save a ringside seat for him — probably on this, flagship — for the test now .scheduled for July 25, local time. Blandy and his staff went by plane to Rongerik, 130 miles from Bikini, to see the king. He was introduced by Commodore Ben Wyatt, Marshall Island commandant, who explained through an interpreter that "this man commands thousands of men and hundreds of ships," and is responsible for the whole project. Admiral Blandy, speaking slowly to permit an interpreter to translate his words, said it was a great honor to visit Juda and his people, He; thanked, them for their kindriess,,and , cooperation-in-making 'thisi. experiment possible- J -^i Wyatt then introduced to the half-circle of natives sitting cross- legged in tnc shade of palm trees "a direct representative of the president of thc United Stales" — Senator Hatch of New Mexico, a member of the .president, omalua- tion board. Hatch told Ihe natives thc president "knows thc sacrifices you have made and he is deeply grateful." The task force chiefs went to Ihe new land of Juda bearing gifts. Blandy personally explained the operation of a new design air-conditioned pipe. He also gave the king tobacco and cigaretles. For others there were 200 bars of chocolate, soft drinks and salted nuts. Wyatt presented to Josiah, the village school teacher, a globe, and found himself involved in an atlempt lo explain it. Admiral Blandy gave the people a set of half dozen photographs of the first bomb tesl, showins the bomb cloud over Bikini. He told the interpreter to tell King Juda thai Ihe palm Irecs were slill there. He also tried to explain what a weather balloon was: "It shows how strong thc wind bows and in what direclion." Wyalt told the assemblage that "all the world has heard about the nation of Bikini." Pointing to reporter , he said: "These people of the press have written about it." If King Juda is among thc witnesses of the next atomic lest — as now appears probable — even greater publicity may come to him and his people of thai once virtually unknown mid-Pacific island. Rich lands yield rich crops. Officers Considers Relations Between the Four Powers in Berlin 'Very Satisfactory 7 By HAL BOYLE Berlin •-(/!'; —The Irish combat soldier who bosses the American Harrison in this showwindow of Allied occupation considers relalions between the lour powers in Berlin "very satisfactory." Major General Frank A. Keating also reports that the army's "spit and polish" campaign has sharpened up occupation troops, but ihat results would be even belter if Ihe soldiers were more mature. The i-cd-fiit-ed curly-haired com- piMiidor, who hnaan his army career as an enlisted man, caiiie to 111s IJ.CMMI administrative 'post after winning a name for himself as an expt-it on amphibious warfare and leader i.«l doughboys in the field. "Ci'i:trary to the general belief," hi- said, "tho relations between the lour powers in Ihc Koinmandatura in Berlin are very satisfactory. A friendly spirit prevails at all mccl- Keating said there was no quos- jtion but that the army's tighter diM-ir-line i:-. producing result::. j 'Iho -venereal rate in Berlin u; , sraduallv chopning, and at the present time i;- hrlu-.v the theater aver- i age levrl. Our misdemeanor and fel i'Jiiy rate has dropped to a very low ebb. "Isolated cases, however, are still rcpurti'd. It. is hard for me to uiidev.ta.uU .-.by any iulditr will without provocation assault a civilian, male or female, but they do. "I am of the opinion lhat misconduct along this line has caused certain retaliatory measures to be taken by the Germans. "Tile assaults on troops are usually due lo an argument bclween two nalions, or the cause arises in jealousy of German males over fralernizalion." Keating added lhat many of the men in the European theater are young and just out of school, and haven't attained proper standards "I believe lhat if the average soldier was in an older age brack- el we would be able to do anorc than we are now doing." Keating said lhat despite "a howl from the cafe owners' ' he would continue for sometime the "off limits" ban against German night clubs, cafes and restaurants in order to curtail black market activities and "deny prostitules a convenient place to effect pickups." Troops have complained this left them no place to take decent German girls, Keating pointed out ihat "we do allow them to lake frau- | leins to certain service clubs and other places for dancing.' ' "Later," he said "I shall re-open the better places after being assured they are under a superior quality management and are fully euwplyiiig v.juY'uui- regulations,." Asks for House Rejection of Senafe OPA Bill By FRANCIS M. LeMAY ' Washington, July 16 —(/P)— The House, debating OPA revival , tin < j a pl ? a from Re P- Sa t>ath (D 111) today for rejection of thc Senate bill and Us exemption of meat, milk and many other items Jtrom price controls. nnrt T1 v, e i5 ubllc ,. mus i not be mulcted and hold up," Sabath said, "We -> l™ S publfc S " ate ln thG lnterest of Sabath, chairman of Ihe Rules committee, asked the House to send thfi measure to a Senate- H ° US . G conference committee which could rewrite it "lo prolect the consumers of this country" "If something isn't done about ' controlling prices we will have a situalion that will be troublesome for labor will be unable to. exist on present scales of pay with the-cost of living going up," Sabath said. Many essential -living cost items, he added, have jumped "20 lo 30 percent" since OPA died 16 days ago.- Just before the debate began Speaker Ravburn (D-Tex) told re-*, porters he was confident the Hous^A would send the bill to a conference^* committee, hoping £or a compromise lhat President Truman will sign. r Administration leaders drove hard for such a procedure, hope ful of getting a stronger price control bill than the Senate measure which President Truman has said 'couldn't be any worse." That bill would bar future ceil* ings on meat, dairy products, gasoline and several other items. Specifically, the House had a choice between 1) accepting the Senate dread as is and sending r it- to the White House for a possible ' veto or (2 routing it to a joint committee pf House and 'Senate members. •ndi:p<'ons of an administration v>:. t(v , the second course appeared c. rttjubhcan ranks split over the first The Republican Steering com-- mittee held a strategy -meeting yesterday, but failed lo agree on a concerted line of party action. Some members of the Gop group predicted privately the conference action would prevail and that the " chamber would not even,instruct Us conferees, thus leaving them* . with a free hand in dealing with'' the senators. ^ v " , No one would gudss at the shape -, any compromise might take But ""'it was deemed certain the admin- , 4 str .?MPfl WDjuJjWight to delete the'> Senale-ErppfovifTj i decontrols' "6n' meat, poultry \ dairy products, gram, coltonseed and soybeans. —o- Demonstration on Food Prices Spread in U.S. By United Press Consumer demonstrations by labor unions, veterans' groups and women's clubs spread today as prices continued to climb. The CIO United Auto Workers union authorized its members to quit work for one or Iwo hours this afternoon to attend mass meetings to protest rising prices and to demand restoration of OPA controls . Presidents of 100 CIO locals met in Hartford, Conn., to discuss the possibility of a stalewide buyers' strike. At Philadelphia CIO • unions planned a mass demonstration at city hall and continued picketing stores charging high prices. The American veterans committee prepared to dump bales representing inflated goods into Boston harbor tonight at a mock Boston tea parly. Wives of AVC members in Pittsburgh continued their drive for a cilywido buyers' strike. Salt Lake City women's groups pledged themselves not to buy goods at unreasonable prices The Marin County, Calif., American veterans committee passed a resolution urging buyers' strikes against any commodity on which prices are inflated . Slack consumer demand brought prices down in some cities. Butter dropped to 68 cents a pound in some Portland, Ore., stores, despite a wholesale price of 72 to 73 cents. Grocers said Ihey were taking a loss lo bring cuslomers into Ihe stores. Memphis grocers said customers were becoming price conscious and in many instances were refusing to buy marked-up items. The Columbus, O., Retail Grocers' Association reported scattered consumer resentment against butler prices, currently about 80 cents a pound. Dun and Bradslreel's index of wholesale prices of 30 basic com- niodilic.s yesterday nil the high-- esl level since Ihe organization stalled its compilalion in 1932. The nalional fertilizer association reported yesterday that its price index on 11 major coinmo- uities had gone up nine points during the firsl two weeks without price control. Fort- Smith Man Held in Death of Fred Grantham Fort Smilh, July 16 —(/Pi— Floyd McCucn of Fort Smith was under a c h a r g c of first degree murder today in connection with the death yesterday of Fred Grantham, 23, also of Fort Smith. Grdnlham died at a Forl Siuilli hospilal from injuries allegedly suffered in an altercation Saturday night. McCucn is lo be arraigned'iii municipal court Ihis afternoon. Bai-nvarU fertiliser builds toil.
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