Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on July 1, 1946 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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», ^.M. i lyaJja Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor - --- Alex. H. Washburn— — Truman's OPA Veto Vote-Catching ,* vs. Price of Bread Your correspondent had no (don whatever Hint President Truimm would veto the OPA extension bill when, writing Saturday morning, \Vr; culled it '"an attempt to make a political compromise on '.conomic tacts." But Mr. Trumn did veto the bill, declaring in his veto message — after we had gone to press Saturday — that the patched-up legislation was "impossible" and "a sure formula for inflation." The president is getting in the habit of being heroic and right after the game is lost. The administration bungled the labor and management issue until railroad labor ,;VHS tempted to strike — and Mr. nii had to step in with a crack- >wn threat. Politics has been played with the crucial issue of postwar industrial production until OPA's very foundation was cut out from under it — and, once again, Mr. Truman speaks out boldly for all or nothing at all. In the instance of OPA I didn't expect the veto action. I expected, rather, that Mr. Truman would accept the bill with reluctance, firing another critical blast at the con, Tress. But I concede now that so ,f\r as political strategy is concerned the veto was probably wisest. Mr. Truman has checked the issue back to the people. He lias said in effect: The congress has kll'id OPA — bettor to veto the bill and look the facts square in the teeth. On this individual performance the president, being one, looks better than the congress, being many — for where there arc many there usually is compromise, even Hope .., \ Star WEATHER FORECAST Arkansas: Mostly cloudy with thundershowers and not so warm this afternoon. Partly cloudy tonight and Tuesday, thundershowers southeast portion tonight. 47th YEAR: VOL. 47—NO 221 Star of HODO. 1899: Press. 1927. t-uiibuHuuiuu January ib, |y/y. HOPE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, JULY 1, 1946 'API—Means Associated Press iNEAl—Means Newsoaoer Enterortse Ass'n. PRICE 5c COPY such an unworkable the OPA bill. compromise *A* Bomb Sinks or Damages Half of Fleet $40 Prizes in Bicycle Races Here July 4trK Hope boys and girls will bid for a total of ?40 prize money in bicycle races at Fair park the morning of the Fourth of July—Thursday. Joe Dildy, Hope public recreation director, asks all contestants to meet in front of First Baptist church at 9:30 o'clock Thursday morning, where a parade will form, to march through the business section and out to Fair park. The first race will be held at 10 a.m.. There are four contests —three for boys and one for girls. The boys divisions are fol- But this instance can nol stand alone. Behind il is a long record of misuse of arbitrary executive power leading up to threatened economic disaster. The congress can very well say: If government economic stabilization policies have failed the blame is upon Ihc executive department— it was thai department, not the congress, which was charged with getting peacetime industry back into production, and failed. i-\ It seems Io me either Mr. Truman f*.r his advisers under-estimated the job of restoring America's profit-based private industry, and took lime oul Io play polilics along the way. In fairness to the president it should be pointed oul lhat history will make him his predecessor's whipping-boy. Mr. Truman fell heir to another man's problems. But Ihe president could have spoken as bluntly to labor and management nine months ago—telling them they had to turn out a certain quola of -loods Io gel us over the postwar .liflationary hump—as he spoke lows: For fourth, fifth and sixth graders. For seventh, eighth and ninth graders. For 10th, llth and 12th graders. Prizes in each contest: First $5; second $3; third $2. The prize lisl was made up b> the following sponsors: Hayncs Bros., Hefner Nash Motoi company, Hope Hardware com pany, Hope Auto company, Duffie Hardware company, Cox Drug store Geo. W. Robison & o., Mill's Shoe store, Hnmm Motor company, Re phan's, Chas. A. Hayncs company Moore grocery, Miss Henry's shop City Electric company, Gosncll' Men's store. City Rakcrv. Hop Furniture company, Talbot's, Scot stores and Roy Anderson & Co. when vetoing Saturday afternoon the OPA bill ' "••• By JAMES THARSHER Toward a Negative Equality In commenting on the Big Four deadlock over Trieste, Georges Bidault, the French foreign minister, majgo a remark which, though depressing and a little puzzling, is at the same time curiously illuminating. "What we really are seeking," £1; said, "is an equality of dissalis- Xa'clion." Thus it seems that the effort, firm resolution, tentative concession, hot words and cold logic expended in four meetings of the foreign ministers have not even brought them to a point where they can agree to disagree. This is discouraging news for the whole world. But it is probably to be expected in what is surely one of the most perilous and un- prediclable periods of peace in history. And at Ihc moment there ^cms no solution except Io continue Iho search of which M. Bid- itult spoke. "Equality of dissalisfaclion" is easier Io comprehend generally than to explain precisely. But il must mean a sort of negative compromise in which opposing objections can be brought near enough to a state of balance to permit -a step toward active, positive co-opcr- alion. So far Russia's dissatisfaction „ has seemed to be complete in all ••^Jailers of international discuss- 'ion. large and small. The Amer- By JOSEPH L. MYLER Off Bikini Atoll, Tuesday, July — (UP)— The lest explosion of mcrica's atomic bomb sank or nmaged to varying degrees almost alf of 73 target vessels in Bikini igoon but failed to kill or injure t leasl a portion of the sacrificial niliials assisted to history's great- si scientific experiment, it was iscloscci today. Three ships were sent to the bot- om, a fourth was damaged so cavily it was expected 10 sink, nd at least 32 others wore dam- god, set afire or scared by a vol- anic concussion of clomenll orce touched off by split-second uclear fission. Goats tethered aboard the light- y-damagcd battleship USS Pc'nn- vlvania, approximately three- eighths of the distance from Ihc -•tiller ol Ihc blast io Ihe outside )f the target perimeter, were ound alive and apparently unin- urcd. "They (the goals') were standing jn the forecastle deck, munching gleam in their eye. They seemed perfectly happy," said Hear Adm. Thorvald A. ierg. in charge of the target salvage. Sol- ship Price Rise Looms as OPA Goes Out By United Press The American people awoke today to a more expensive way of life. Reports from across the nation indicated that a good percentage of rents, food, clothing and other necessities lost little time soaring after expiration of the price control bill at midnight last night. _ However, many trade associations of landlords, food merchants and other retailers, fearful of hysterical price boosting and resultant public wrath, called on members to hold the present price line;. Or at least, to limit increases "within reason." And in many cases, the consumers tnemsclvcs began mobilizing their resources to light for reinstatement of price control, on a federal or stale basis. Many industry leaders foresaw an unpreccentcd era of prosperity as business, freed for the :iirsl time in four years of 'federal controls, relied on free competition and the law of supply and demand, to adjust prices. Other national spokesmen anticipated no immediate change pending possible congressional action to revive price ceilings, or forecast a temporary, general rise, subsiding somewhat within a particularly from Off Bikini Atoll, July 1—(UP) — Vice Admiral W .H. P. Blandy announced today that the atom jomb which exploded above a 73 ship guinea pig fleet in Bikini lagoon sank three, damaged a "ourlh so heavily it is expe'-'«id to sink, and others. damaged at least Be Committee on Atom Bomb By FRANCIS W. CARPENTER New York, July 1 —(/I 1 ) — Di Herbert A. Evatl, chairman of 'ih Uniled Nations Atomic Encrg <8pmfrtission, • today named Ih Uniled Slales, Russia, Great Bri ain, France, Mexico and Austral! to a special subcommittee to la the groundwork for a plan Io coi Irol Ihe bomb. Dr. Evall, Australian delegate, called the six-man group into session (12:30 p. rn. C'ST) today to begin work. In his announcement, the chairman said the sub-commiUce was being charged with Ihc responsibility of considering all policy speeches made by delegal^s and suggesting Ihc framework of a general plan. The firsl five nations were named as "permanent" mombcrs of the sub-committee \vnile Australia was seated as the country holding the chairmanship ol the commission. The entire Atomic Energy Commission agreed last Friday thai the smaller group should anal.yx.c the views already presented to the commission. M'ho commission itself There was no loss of human life in the giganlic Icsl of the effecls of an atomic bomb explosion on naval craft, Blandy announced. One drone ship thai flew through the gigantic radioaclive cloud that arose from the lagoon went oul of control and was losl. Some of the animals aboard one of me target snips are alive despite Ihc alom bomb explosion, indicating humans might, nave survived the blasl ,Blandy disclosed. He did not identify Ihc ship. However, Blandy said, "Ihis is probably nol. significant as the ship was some distance from the target cluster." He said he did not know as yel what nad happened io animals on ships nearer the center of the explosion. The boxscore : Sunk—The unarmored transports Gilliam and Carlisle and the destroyer Lamson. .Badly damaged .and expected to sink—The deslroyer Allerton. few months. Still others, the ranks of labor, predicted nothing but ruinous inflation with the lifting of controls. Industi'y spokesmen predicted that the 'cost of meat and many other food items would jump at least 10 per cent. Office of Price Administration representatives, in turn, said il would be more like 50 per cenl on mosl scarce items. Rent raises, already announced by many landlords, ranged from 10 to 25 per cent. A' tew were even higher. Many landlords felt that a 15 or 25 per cent increase was "reasonable" but admitted there would be a certain amount o f gouging by the greedy. At Indianapolis, tenanls of one apartment who had been paying $45 monthly were told the rent now was $150 a month, effective j today. Only in New York were tenants safe from rent increases. New York boasls Ihc only stale rent control law in the nation. At midnight last night Governor Dewcy froze all rents which had been 'under OPA control and named an administrator for the OPA Situation at a Glance By The Associated Press Legislation — Congressional leaders • forecast early House approval of OPA extension but delay in Senate following While House conference. Prices — Milk up two cents a quart in some places but most shoppers find meat, food and other merchandise at OPA levels. Rents — Increases ranging between 15 and 3 31-3 percent widespread except in Massachusetts, New York, and Washington, D. C. Florida resort rents so far as high as »300 percent. Commodities — Cotton futures jump $3 a bale at New York, 5 limit at New Orleans; corn up five cent limit at .Chicago; industrial shares up $1 to $3. o = Livestock Prices Score $2 Advance Chicago, July 1 —W)— Early prices on the Chicago livestock market leaped from $2.00 to 2.50 a hundred pounds today, with many being held for still higher :ash return on unexpectedly limited receipts. ,. Sales o£ choice barrows and gilts pushed $2.00 higher than last week's ceiling top on hogs of $14.85, with bid prices up as high as $17.35. Salable receipts totaled 2,500, compared with an expected number of 3,000, actual receipts a week ago of 1,445 and a year OPA Revival Splits Capitol: House, Yes, But Senate Says No Immediate Skyrocketing of Prices for Arkansas, Retail Managers Declare ago of 4,870 head. Sheep _wcrq quoted as sharply Heavily damaged Submarine ion large ican and British attitudes were USS Skate, Japanese battleship Nagalo and cruiser Sakawa, American batleships Arkansas, Ihc lighl carrier Independence, ihe heavy cruiser Pcnsacola and one landing ship. Lighlly damaged — Battleships Pennsylvania, New York and Nevada; carrier Saratoga, cruiser Sail Lake Cily landing crafl medium No. -1, yard oiler No. 100, and 12 other unidentified ships. "Numerous fires—most of them small—arc all oul wilh Iho exception of the one .aboard xhe Independence," Blandy said in his second report. "We have been unable to get close enough to ner io successfully fight il presently. She looks just like she has been hit by a Kamikaze." Damaged by "ire (negligible) — Destroyer Wilson, transports Briscoe, Niagara, Bladen, Banner, Unite and Corlland. The thinly-armored Lainson was the only fighting ship sent Io the stale's renl conlrol passed as aud Massachusetts promised.' exercise emergency powers an OPA backstop at the legislature's last session. The governors of Rhode .Island, to to control rents, If the " conditions warrant. The national association of re- lail grocers announced that it had sent telegrams to its secretaries in all stales urging members to hold the present price line. The president of the Allanlic and Pacific Tea Co. said the food charity 0,000 stores would "take absolutely no advantage of the fact price control has been removed." Western Union reported that it had been swamped with telegrams from thousands of persons wiring protests to Washington. One Chi- cagoiin said he had filed eight lengthy telegrams costing $170. The Chicago chapter o f the higher. Salable receipts were only 500 head, compared with 1,000 ec- pecled, 3,651 aclually received a week ago and 912 a year ago. ' Gallic prices Io were bid as much as $2.00 a hundred pounds higher than lasl week's ceiling top of $18.00 on salable receipts of 4,000 head. Receipts had been expected to total 7,000, compared with week-ago receipts of 10,302 and year-ago receipts of 15,934. :,, o jBilbo Makes Third Term Bid Tuesday '; Jackson, Miss., July 1 — (UP) :— Sen. Theodore G. Bilbo, D. Miss., a vociferous advocate ,o: white supremacy, today made his Cjnal bid for a third term in tomor np.w's Democratic primary as E c~—a^e eqmmittee. in ..Washington Little Rock .July 1 — OP)— Arkansas' — and the nation's —first day withoul legal price controls in four years was marked by stale- ments from representalives of many retail lines that there would be no immediate skyrocketing of costs. Chris Finkbeiner, vice president of the Little Rock Packing Company hert, said he expected mp.at price increases today or Tuesday " hich would "allow us a reason- bio margin of profit x :< :<." Vaughan Winston, executive sec- elary of the Arkansas Reslaurant issociation, said cafe prices will e raised little if any. "At the most," he asserted, "an verage finner cost may be raised ive cents." Spokesmen for three grocery hains operating in Arkansas as- erled there would be no price in- reases on present retail stocks, 3ut added that if replacements to ctailers cost more, it will be nc- essary for them to raise the price o consumers. American Veterans committee will meet again in plenary, open i bottom,' but Vice Admiral Blandy, session Wednesday, <2 p. m. CST.i The "sub-commiUee No. 1" will have before il a chart prepared by Bernard M. Baruch, United States member of the commission, snow- ; expressed enthusiasm over tlie "successful" tcsl of an alom bomb iiiainsl naval power as a steady stream of. reports reached his flag- snip. ing the expressed views of all 11! j As Ihe lethal rays left by today's members. This chart demonstrated'- . .. • thai the United Slates and Russia, proponents of the two principal plans before the commission, were bomb dissipated, scientific crews entered the target area to report the actual damiigc and learn iiic effect of the above water bomb in conflict on three points ing the veto and wore agreed on thl! pUu . 0 of n , cll on three phases, ihe Hussum and 'ships. uurst on Ino animals winch look Die largel Unitcd Slales plans loft il oilier poinls open Io ncgoticiUon, according Io Ihc chart. Preparations a 1 r c a d y were underway for Ihc second part of TlnitpH Nations security vs. navy ships — an underwater increasingly clear thai Ihc defeat" of fascism settled only one profound political question. Two others remain: Musi Ihc world be dominated cither by communistic dictatorship or cunsti- commum tutional democracy, or can botli cnairman. was considerable speculalion that the council might nol meet unlil .sometime next week. pres- wilhsland Iho terrific water sure. Man's mightiest weapon explud- Conlinuod on Page Two for lime more pliable. The Ameri can and British altitudes were for limo more pliable. They seemed- . , . .- i, . ,- - .„ . , to be motivated by an earnest de- council remained in recess, await- burst to see if sled sire for free and friendly associa- n:,,,-,,-,:,,, 'in,.,-,, wnhsn.nrt th,, i,,,-r,f,,. tion, and an agreement for peace and harmony on a supra-national plane which would not interfere too greatly with present domestic concepts and practices. Bui concession found Russia as adamant and demanding as evnr. .JWipii our diplomacy took a turn 'toward what has been dcseribcu. aptly if over-simply, as a policy of '"gelling lough wilh Russia." Maybe that is somewhat Ihe same thing as M. Bidaull's more polilc "cnualily of dissalisfaclion." This was an almost inevitable countermovo Io malch a Russian diplomacy which so'-ms horn of a desire for "one world" of Russian design. Even inlernalional mailers of passing importance are, to such .a diplomacy, reflections of a drift fViward or away from thai "one T'-orld." Thus nolhing is insignificant, in the Big Four or United Nations meetings. Every indication of a deviation from the Russian design must be challenged and comballcd. It is bccomin Atomic Bomb Show Proves to Be Disappointing, Though It Was 'Heck of a Big Thing 7 asked members to join a chain- lelephonc drive to send a ilood of wires to congress. Each of Ihc 3,000 members was asked Io call iivc persons. This was the outlook on some scarce commodities: Moat—Ihe American meal in- slilulc, reprcscnling 5!!,000 packers in 37 slates, termed the silua- lion "confused." The institute, which has favored removal of price ceilinHs on meat, said that prices would be higher than "OPA infiction prices" but lower than black market prices. Grain—directors of the Chicago bpard of trade met in special session and voted to eliminate price ceilings on future contracls i n corn, oat and barley, cffcclivo lo- day. Thus, futures prices can rise a limit of five cenls a bushel daily on Ihose commodities. The board Ihe $76,000,000 lest of alomic bombs i look no action on wheat and rye futures, on which there has been no recent trading. Rents—Ihc Oregon apartment owners association predicted an average- increase of 15 per cent, el'feclive in 30 days. Typical reports showed boosts of 15-25 per cent in Memphis, 10-15 per cent in DCS Moincs, 15-25 per cent in Dallas, and 10-20 per cent in Detroit ailer uxpiralion of a 30-day period sel by Michigan Slale law. met' to' consider demands for a fed oral investigation into his biller anti-Negro campaign. The small, gravel-throated sena tor, in his statewide radio talk to night, was expected to appea again for "all red-blooded Anglo Saxons to use any means" to keep Negroes away from the polls —n statement thai caused Sen. Glen H Taylor, D., Ida., to demand an in quiry by the Senate Privileges and Eleclions Committee. The , investigation opened Satur ay but was postponed until todaj despite the protests by Edgar G Brown, director of the Nationa Negro Council, who also had ap pealed Io President Truman t send troops to police the polls ii Mississippi tomorrow. Bilbo claimed that thousands o Negroes had registered "illegally/ but informed sources estimate lhat only a tolal of 5,000 were lisi ed as eligible to vote. And som ^uO.uuO votes were expected in th primary, which is tantamount t eleclion in this almost Republican less stale. "The Man" Bilbo is opposed b four other candidates —1-rank Hai per, a peachlree salesman and ioi mer stale senator; Nelson T. Lev ings, Gulfport war veteran wh coined the phrase "Bilbonic plague in vigorous attacks against Bilbo former U. S. Reprcsentalivc Ros Collins and Supreme Court Cler Tom Q. Ellis. Collins and Ellis, Ihe pepper incumbent's chief opponents, were willing to concede Bilbo the lead in tomorrow's primary, but their hopes were thai he would nol gel a majority of the votes, which would force him into a runoff. armor can By MURRAY MOLER Aboard the USS Panamint off wliich he is a member, "In my humble judgmcnl, Ihc Nearly $100,000,000 cost of this project is observers, j entirely justified. particularly m Little Rock Bikini, July 1 — (UP) all Ihc Uniled Nations . sciontisls and congressmen board : when we lake inlo account thai il this vessel were disappointed to ! costs no more than one Iowa-class j Lille Rock, July 1 —I/I')—Plumb- day because Ihc alom bomb blast. I balllcship," he said. ey were unanimously agreed, I Anderson said, "I would say il is j Greater Littlo Dver, that hislory's fouiih atom about time for llu> nalions to gel , day when me was nol more spectacular. They however, bomb detonation was "a heck of a big thing," .as Congressmen Dean Gillcspie, R., Colo., put it. One man was otilslpokcn Jn of man's mightiest weapon. and heating installation work j "From what I saw this morning," Jon" all union construction jobs in a we lie R., Rock was halted Io . ... members of ihe Plumb- logc-lher and find a way to end all ers and Sleamfillcrs Union, Local wais. Civilization cannot stand lily impact of the blasl that shook Bikini on. July I. 1940." i.,1. Co I. Juan Loyo Gonzalez. 153 failed to report for work following expiration of their contracl Sunday midnight. Sonic yt) plumbers joined in the Harry W. Pfeifcr Jr., president of the Greater Litllc Rock Retail Merchants Association, look a similar view and added praise ior the OPA which he said had "served a ine puroose and saved the public a considerable sum." He said he planned to call for today a meeting of the association. W, Link Lewis, manager of the Arkansas Automobile Associalion, said .he would advise dealers not to. increase prices on vehicles, parts or service. District OPA Director Robert P. Hall announced Saturday night the Little Rock district office would remain on the job until future status of price control is definitely determined. He added a warning to retailers that they "buy at their own risk during the interim after expiration of the price conlrol act at midnight Sunday because if price ceilings are restored, OPA cannot recog nizc unreasonably higher acquisi tion costs of merchandise." Washington, July 1 —(/P)—Speaker Rayburn forecast after a White House conference today that the House will vote temporary extension of OPA, but Senate Majority Leader Barkley (Ky) held out Ho hope of early Senate action. For 45 minutes congressional leaders talked with President Truman over the situalion created by the end of OPA last midnight after Mr. Truman vetoed an extensioa bill which he called "impossible." Barkley told reporters he hoped he Senate could work out a more ermanent piece of legislation lhat will be acceptable." Rayburn said he expected the louse to pass a resolution restbr-., ng price controls for 20 days; uch temporary action, pending' ermanent legislation was asked. y Mr. Truman in his veto mes- age. Meanwhile, OPA is dead. Throughout the country, its end vas marked by confusion, uncer- ainty and sharp political cross- Mexicu'.s tup army ordnance ox- i work .stoppage and an estimated Calif., one of Jour observers \vh:i : pert, i-aid Hie bomb flash appeared j,35 or 40 projects wore affected. Nazi Blames Pole Murder on Russians Nuernberg, July 1 —(UP)—The war crincs tribunal today hoard marshal Hermann Goering, designed to eslablish thai the Russians rather than the Germans were responsible for the Kalyn forcsl murder of 11,000 Polish officers and men. Col. Fredrich Ahrcns, commandant of a signal regiment based in the Katyn forest, near Smolensk for two years .said thai a Nazi inquiry which invesligaled Ihc atrocity found thai leters and diaries found on Ihe bodies of the slain men ended in the spring of 1940 when the Russians still occupied the area. "The lasl entry in one of the diaries expressed fear lhal somc- Ihing horrible would happen," Ah- rcns Icsliticd. The Germans are charged with the Katyn crime in the war crimes Heirens 7 Prints Match Kidnap Note Chicago, July 1 —(/P)— Atlorneys ! or William Heircns, whose iinger- prinls, Slale's Attorney William J. Tuohy said, match those on the Suzanne Degnan kidnap note, sought to obtain the release of Ihe 17-year-old Universily of Chicago student from police custody today. A petition for • a writ of habeas corpus was filed with the clerk of he Cook county .(Chicago) crimi- ial court and was expected to be icard by Chief Justice Harold G. Ward later today..Heirens has been leld without charge since last week when he was arrested during.-a house prowl.-"" ' Under habeas corpus proceedings Lhe state is required to charge him formally with a crime or to demonstrate to the court that it has sufficient grounds to hold him for additional investigation. Tuohy said Heirens at first had been enacting a "pose and sham" of delirium but had dropped this behavior and talked to invesliga lors. Emerging from Bridewell hospital early today after questioning the 6-foot, 185 pound youth for more than 5 hours, Tuohy said "at no lime did he (Heirens) make a confession, either oil the Deenan case or any other crime of whicl he stands accused, except thai 01 lasl Wednesday in which he was caught." The young student, in whose room on the University of Chicago campus police found several suit cases filled with what Tuohy saic was loot from many burglaries was linked to the slaying of the G year old Degnan child through ; fingerprint . The stale's attorney said Heir ens' fingerprint had been matched by police and the FBI with one found on the Degnan ransom :nole He said much of Ihe lool had bcci traced to burglaries in the neigh borhood of the Degnan home. After agreeing to answer questions, Tuohy said, Heirens asserted he had commiled no crimes other than the one in which he was captured. Tuohy said Heirens explained the stolen articles found in his room by saying they were given him by a friend whose whereabouts he did not know. Tuohy said Heirens gave invesli- gators three samples of his handwriting. These, Tuohy said, would be given handwriting experts lor comparison wilh the Degnan ransom nolc. County Gives $1,146 to Drive A total of $1,146 was raised by lope and Hempstead counly fo .he Emergency Food Collection juy E. Basye, chairman, reporter oday in his final accounting for the drive. He said: "In behalf of the Hungry PeopI of the war torn sections of th world, we wish to thank the citizen of Hope and Hempstead counly !or cash conlribulions totaling $1, 146.00 for the Emergency Foo Collection. "We hope, in a short time t able to give the tolal "contribu lions from the state of Arkatisa so that we can see how. our con tributions compared wilh the slat as a whole. "Contributions for the past wee were as follows: "Previously reported . "Rev. & Mrs. Tom Qrcwsler "Cily Cleaners "Lulu Allen , $1134.00 5.03 5.01' 2.00' $1146.01' "The drive for funds closed with the month of June." Guy E. Basye, Chairman, Hempslcnd Counly Emergency Food Collection, -o- fcivcrnmcnt systems c%'isl in ;cndlv, peaceful world? On Ihose questions an cqualily of dissatisfaction may already be said to exist. The official Anglo American attitude is known to reject the former. The official R '"-'- sian attitude is apparently against the lalter. But an affirmative answer to that second question is the Continued on Page Two climbed up the Panaminl's iri-iich- to be urous mainmast ladcr lu a ( jre carious lookout pot>l 100 feel alxjv the water. as bright as the burning. sun. Jlc said ihe c.xi.'l'j "was just about as 1 figured would be." "1 was .flabbergasted," Anderson | S i m u n Alexandrov, said. "I believe this is ihe must I scientist, was more magnificent spectacle man ever had created." One of 13 members of Congress viewing "Operation Crossroads," .Anderson said later he thought the results of today's test will be "tremendously valuable to the House NavaJ Affairs Committee," of Shrugging his shoulders, Russian reserved, he point. ; C. S. Burns, business .vigcnt :Cor I Iliu union said nc'golialion.s with j master plumbers J'or a renewal of Ihc conlract had been underway lor nearly Uirec months. The wage scale under the old contracl \va:; $1.50 an hour. The indictment. Ahrcns claimed lhat the mass cd to the mushrooming cloud and plumbers asked $1.88 1-2 cents and said, "Nol so much." I Ihc contractors made a counter-of- Maj. Orlando Range! of Brazil j for of $1.62 \-2 cents, said he was "nol terribly disappointed bul I'm nol loo much impressed by wlial I saw." He termed his attitude as "so-so." The most popular Tibetan drink is buller lea— bulter and tea churned together. graves were discovered after a tox had dug up some human bodies. We will invite agaression and encourage war if we do nol dcler- mine now Io make whatever sacrifice may be necessary to hold our full share of military responsibility for world security. —Herschel V. Johnson, Acting U. S. Delegate to UN Security Council, JoeColerrmn Dies; Funeral at 4 Monday Joe C. Colcman, 44, died at a local hospital about 7 o'clock Sunday night, following a short illness. He- is survived by his widow, two daughters, Misses Nancy Jo and Belly Rulh Coleman; three brothers, John and Robert Coloman, of Mineral Springs, and Tom Coleman, of Lillle Rock; Iwo sislcrs, Mrs. W. P. Whillen and Mrs. Tom Slome, both of Mineral Springs. • Funeral services will be held at 4 o'clock Monday afternoon from First Baptist church wil the Rev. S. A. Whitlow in charge. Burial will be in Ross Hill cemetery. Active pallbearers: Jack Bell Bedford Bell, Jr., Clifford Franks, Charles Benson, George Warren, Carrol Hyatl and Jerome Duffie. With OPA passed the myriad of regulations that have governed the nation's economy for the last four and a half years. (Prices on the nation's commod- ty markets bounded upward as trading began on the first OPA-less day. Slccl, molor, copper, rubber and mail order shares rose from $1 to more .than $3 a share in early trading on the New York stock exchange.) Rayburn and Barkley, together with Senator McKellar (D-Tenn), president pro tempore of the Senate and House Democratic Leader McCormack (Mass) devoted their usual Monday morning conference with Mr. Truman to the situation. Last Friday they went to the White House to urge the president to sign the compromise bill as better than "nothing at all." The president rejected this advice, contending the amendment- studded bill would legalize inflation. . . Leaving the conference today, Barklty -said "the House presumably will pass a simple resolution extending it (OPA) ior 15 days. Rayburn and McCormack nodded agreement. ... . "I've no way of prophysying what will happen in the Senate or when il will happen," Barkley continued. At the capilol as Barkley spoke Senator O'Daniel ,(D-Tex) ..-again "blofikVd an effort by 'Senator Wagner (D-NY) to introduce a resolution to revive OPA and continue its operations until July 20. O'Daniel first had blocked introduction Saturday. Under Senate rules, introduction of the continuing resolution now will have to be delayed until to- riorrow. Further objections at that ime would delay its consideration ay a committee until the follow- '.ng day. "I hope we can work out some- .hing acceptable that will extend .he OPA for a year,"-Barkley said, If we can do it in one bite instead of two, it will be belter than to :ass one temporary measure and .hen a more permanent one." Barkley saia today's conference ith the president was a "friendly" one. The immediate question on Cap- ilol Hill, indeed, through^jifc. the land was: -J.«T : ":^"••?•.' What will happen'to; Ihe";cost of living? "•::'• ;--T "',.'; Forecasts varied hugely;-* but mosl seemed agreed that Jt would he weeks, nol days, before the effects could be accurately assessed. The legislative outlook, meanwhile, appeared none too promising for "rapid-fire action on the orice control restoration program President Truman asked in his veto message. There were pawnshops in China 3,000 years ago. Berlin Thrives on Rumors Despite Weakness of Stuff They Cal! Beer, Says Boyle By HAL BOYLE Berlin, July 1 —{/l'i—Every good rumor is supposed to start from a beer bollle. In Germany, however, the bed- is too watered to float a third of the wild and unfounded reports that sweep like prairie fires through Berlin and spread out to the occupied zones. They have their oriuin instead No rumor is too ridticulous io bo believed by some. Here are a fe\\ recent quotations from the gossip exchange. 1. That the Americans, British and French arc going to pull ou .of Berlin. Jeavin" the caoHal Chairman Spence (D-Ky) of the House Banking committee voiced confidence thai House will approve a 20 day slopgap ressurcclion nf the defunct OPA law to cover the period while Congress is working on comprehensive new legislation. No such asstirance was heard on the Senate side, however. Senator O'Daniel (D-Tex) promised another anti-OPA filibuster, arid Senate Deniocralic Leader Darkly (Ky) said he feared a price con- tori holiday of two or three weeks might result. A potentially poweiful factor in the situation was Ihe extent of ihe public's response to Mr. Truman's radio appeal Saturday night for the people to come to the rescue of OPA. Avalanches ol telegrams addressed to congressmen poured in on the capital yesterday, and heavy congressional mail was cx- peclcd today. The tenor of these communications might alter Ihe picture. The baltlclines joined again after a turbulent weekend which brought these prominent developments: 1. OPA Administrator Paul Porter predicted Congress would restore price and rent controls within a short time, and said he did Russian hands. This stirred such' not look for any "sweeping up- panic in some German quarters ward price movements" in the in- Ihat Gen. Joseph T. McNarncy, U. S. European theater command- in fear, suspicion — and perhaps cr, issued an official denial during in some cases arc begun by na- ro'np eiK'e. It was ironl tionalislic Germans who .still cling page news in Berlin papers, except to hopes of restoring their nation's importance by a deliberate but subtle campaign to split the Allies. Whatever the ,.voe uucicr soviet control. 2. That Britain and Russia on the verge of open war. One Iru- lUlllll. 2. Senator Tuft (R-Ohic.i asserted thai Mr. Truman, by his veto, "has chosen to plunge Ihe economy of this counlry inlo chaos" and said the president, not Con- eress, should be held responsible for the consequences. Taft also word of muuth .creating discontent I two days ahead explaining. "I'm _1 •.. _ I i , .. ;• .. .. • J . C . __l_ .. . ._...._ !_..._ . I, 1 . . source, gossip jlein was so frightened at Ihis one i claimed he had been the victim of mongers pas.-; the rep.orls on by tnat she declined Io make a dale i a "personal attack" by the 'ircsi- ' ' ' ... •'- • .... denu "deliberately misrepresenting" his position. 3. In another GOP blast at ihe chief executive. Chairman Can-oil Recce of the Republican Natioiul Committee said Mr. Trumai) was "throwing the American people into the fires of inflation," Recce declared control of rents and prices of scarce commodities "must be recaptured by forceful and worry in a people already /car ful under the stress of defeat, poverty and hunger. Berlin by virtue of its 11 daily newspapers, should be one of ihe world's best informed capitals, but actually, il is probably the mosl rumor-ridden. The quadripartite government is partly responsible, because the people i'ccl :-io newspaper can be fully objective because Ihey are licensed by different powers. afraid of what may happen week-end, and I have iu be ready to pack and flee." 3. That the Russian Army is increasing its strength in Germany and massing in power around Berlin and along the border with Britain in the north. American official information on the contrary, indi- vales Ihe Russians arc reducing the number of their occupation troops. 4. That the Americans have a Continued on Page Two congressional action." 4. The White House reported that Continued on Page Two

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