Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on December 18, 1947 · Page 5
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 5

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ARKANSAS Wednesday, DccetnberJff,> *'-*.' IT" •V_ V* ' 1 r »;. lert and Thtre Arkansas ..'JDorado, Dec. 17 — (ff) — A tow-be robber, was fright^ r off twice lasi night by Mrs. . Trevathah and her daughter, cue, operators of a grocery women told police the man ' tfeVetal shots, but that all j,..i»i '/ he^iifst time he entered the Miss Trcvathan started after iwWith a butcher knife and he ," officer's were told, the se- i he was frightened away Trevftthan's screams. j'jSioux Falls, S, D., Dec. 17 — (/P) :s\ •£•*•; Death of arr Arkansan, whose iv'<pddy was found in a trailer at a \cslmp here yesterday, apparently Restated from a heart attack, c- cording to Coroner B. M. Banton. 6 'Banton identified the man as Ar! 1 O. Thompson, about 45, of Cave Springs (Bcnton County), Ark „ ? fr l * { 111.11.111111 ,ni SilfWBatesvllle. Dec. 17 — (IP) —Snow " ", iwas a direct factor in the destruction by fire of the high school gym,„ l^riashnn building at Cushman, 12 ^r, miles north'of here, yesterday aft- aUthorilies said apparent- shifting of loose snow on the nasium roof, knocked loose a [jje from a stove in which a fire d been kindled in preparation for scheduled basketball game. The accident Caused the large frame l^antildlhg to catch fire. Cushman nas no fire depart '•{»<£ $ nMnl. Other buildings were noi & •y^aamaged. No one was injured. s *yj- "V The snow had fallen Monday. w *, ,iittle Rock, Dec. n-^-i/P)— Eight Arkansans have applied formally *)r appointment to the Mississippi ',5 Riyer Commission to fill a vacancy, **,tiie 'Arkansas Gazette says. &* f J3enator McClellan of Arkansas /, <ata>ounced at Washington yester- i*5": " -day ,he had discussed the vacancy |,with President Truman, but no decision was reached. fj. The lifetime $17,500-a-year posi- p?P tion, vacant since the death of Har- f^jy^Farr of Memphis, must be filled '$ && a registerea civil engineer. ? ,?>V/y Crittenden County Judge Cy ;,<,v',Bond has said puioicly he was iwseklng a position witn the com- anission. Others listed by the Gazelle as fe -i 1 applicants: j John E. Buxlon, former Slate fiighway Department engineer; Charles Crhistian, former regiona director of the War Assets Admin ,„ , 3*tration and War Produclion ^i ' iboard; Roy E. Warden, enginee fyt the Missouri Pacific linos; Col !Roy Burdick, former District U. S engineer, and W. DeWoody Dickm son all of Little Rock; L. R. Par Helena city engineer, am T. McKie, Forrest City engineer for the Yazoo-Mis ="';«issippi .Levee District in Misslsiip President Signs Continued From Page On* up the machinery for long term aid- Without waiting for Mr. Truman to submit the multi-billion dollar Marshall plan in detail later in the week, the committee opened hearings on a proposal advanced by a special Committee headed by Rep. fierier (R-Mass) for managing long range aid through a $500 000,300 government corporation. Before getting the hearings under way, however, the committee planned to act on a suggestion from Rep. Francis Case (R-SD) that the administration be asked for all details on the dismantling of German industrial plants for reparations payments and how European recovery prospects, may have been affected. For the emergency aid program intended to help France, Italy and Ajstria through the winter, the ap- proprations committee chopped $88,000,000 from the president's request for $597.0 00,000. And it trimmed to $230,000,000 his estimate of $490,000,000 to. meet army needs in Germany, Japan, Korea and other occupied areas. The committee recommended thinner slices in several less con- troversaial domestic items and tossed in $222,000 allotment to pay the mileage allowances of Congress members for the special session due to end Friday. Since the $88,000,000 -cut from the foreign aid fund was taken off estimates for purposes other than direct relief— such as interest on ic French debt — no concerted ffort was expected to be made to pset the reduction. Neither was there any prospect Collapse of London Talks Probably Will Leave Two Worlds' in Europe Proper By DeWITT MacKENZIE AP Foreign Affairs Analyst The collapse of the Big Four efforts in London to frame German and Austrian peace treaties has sent America. Britain and France into a huddle to devise pr ,00 E restoring the $200,000,000 cut rom the army's occupation funds, tnce Taber's group claimed the ways and means for the economic :onsolidation of Western Germany, eaving Eastern Germany in the lands of the Russians who will use it as a base for their further offensive to defeat the Marshall plan and extend Soviet domination across Western Europe. This may easily be the decisive European battle in the struggle between Communism and the democracies. Certainly it gives an unwelcome picture of "two worlds" at loggerheads. However, on the brighter side is the fact that it finds the three major democracies finally united in this crisis, for France is standing solidly with Britain and the United States. As the Big Four conference was rushing to an angry close, French Foreign Minister Bddaulft was quoted by the newspaper Paris Presse as declaring that his coun try couldn't act any longer as re feree between Russia and the U S. A. He said "it becomes obvious that the U. S. S. R.'s efforts no longer are aimed at peace" Bidault's statement might be ,ex tended. It is equally true that it no longer is possible for any coun try, or individual, to take a mid die of the road course between Communism and Democracy. It's & Little Rock, Dec, 17—(/P)— Th <r3Pubiic Service Commission has Vjigranted tne North'Arkansas Trans- 5,*-j|<ortation Company a permit to 'j "adjperate as a common carrier be- $s'ltween Little Rock and Mountain .is- iSome and Bull Shoals on High- JW»Sys 65- and 62. •*'-tt,Tfte > permit was granted only 4fter~ tne company amended its ly- application to provide tor closed •s-w^n^ operation from Little ROCK to le intersection of Highways 02 i.*»d 65, south of Harrison, Commis- jflon Chairman Charles C. Wine, said. "' .North Little Rock, Dec. 17 "' -—(ff) — Governor Laney and some of his confederates, had a V little lun wilh Ihe Lions club r A- .here yesterday. '•••k.j'1 The "word 1 had been passed fi»v,i 'fthe governor would have »t < ^something important to say. gbfV - Jle did but not much. fre-V jrfsM ? j '• tending irritation at the attitude §£»"•*< 'i fdt ''some members, the exec' w^i* utivti tore up his "speech" and •*?»» !r i w sat down. T ,,t Associates explained later it ,. t was ail a gag. * j ,- tittle Rock, Dec. 17 — (/P)— A 'Rock Island locomotive fatiuck;,a / ,truck at a crossing here yesterday, '/'^ringing death to the Iruck driver " * and serious injuries to a woman ' passenger. Myles L, White, 25, died a few 'hours after the accident. • J' Mrs. Robert T. Simpson, 40 Ihe 'passenger, lemamed in a cnlical ppn.dition at a hospital loday, *;'» Little Rock, Dec. 17 — (JP) — A ,' Crircuit Court jury here ycster- ./'• day 'convicted Kdwaid Pugn, Ne- *.j f * i gro of rape of a two and one-half vypar Negro girl, Dec. 3. * The jury verdict of "guilty as 'Charged" automatically parries the Oeath penalty. ,' ' Washington, Dec. 16—Mft—Sena- -tpr McClejIan of Arkansas conferred today with president Truman. * ' MpCleilan said it was largly a ^"'Chri?tmas visit,," He added that " tie discussed applicants for a vat cancy oh the Mississippi river com- ^j^lssion but imade no specific re- mount recommended would cover equirements until Congress can eview the situation next year. Rep. Cannon of Missouri top Democrat on the Appropriations ommittee, chided Republicans for vhat he called "this picayunish, cheese paring economy." But Cannon said any amendments to restore the funds should come from Republicans "to divest them of the :aint of partisanship." The commitlee urged that the United States and Great Britain reach an understanding on German occupation costs, saying that p237,000,000 of the total requested ay the army was for relief' use in :hc British zone, the committee cut $137,000,000 from that request. Shortly after its report -was submitted to the House yesterday, government officials told newsmen tne Uited States has agreed tenta- Uvely lo assume 75 per cent of the cost of operating the Anglo-American zones. In return,-'this counlry would be given 75 per cent of Ihe voling po t wer in delermining policy for the economically unified zones, the officials said. They reported the tentative agreement was reached after nearly three months of negotiations here with the British. —— o— : either one or the other. The two sms just don't mix. Meantime, in accordance with reaty obligations, the last of Jncle Sam's troops of occupation n Italy are aboard a Yulctide ransporl, bound for home, and the British also have folded their tents and departed that economically shattered and politically turbulent country whose govermeent is lighting a life and death struggle against Moscow-directed Commun- " ;m. At first glance this withdrawal might seem like yanking crutches from under a cripple—but not so These military contingents had been reduced to a handful of men mere token forces. And as the Americans sail away they are re placed by President Truman's blunt warning that, if Italy's so vereignty should be threatened, the United States would be obliged to consider what measures would be appropriate for the maintenance o peace and security. That, I take it, is a promise— couched in the language of diplo macy—to safeguard Italy from ag gression. Turning to another field of for eign news, the British House o Commons has before it the warm ly debated question of whethe Prince Philip should be given state allowance of ten thousan pounds ($40,000) as a royal duk ist to intrude in John Bull's af- airs but, having been a close ob- erver of the royal family over ome eighteen years of residence n England, I can testify that they re among the hardest workers in rie world. Their,time truly belongs o their people. Week in the week iut they play a prominent part in ill sorts of functions, and their :chedules often run from morning intil midnight and cover many en- agemtns. It's a tough job, and e have been told that "the laborer is worthy of his hire." While we are on the subject of royalty, Lord Baldwin who has ust died in England wasn't the ;rcatcst figure ever to be prime minister 'but his name is bound to ive in history as the one who 'orced King Edward VIII (now the Duke of Windsor) to choose be- ,ween abdication and renunciation of Wallis Warfield Simpson. As Baldwin himself said to -parliament in asking it to consider Edward's message of abdication, "no more difficult, and I might say, more repugnant task ever has been imposed on a prime minister." Baldwin was the type who fol lowed the dicates of conscience and he was deeply religious. Once when I was chatting with him in his private office at ten dovyninj street I asked him if he believec in prayer. He hesiaated a momen and then said: "I believe that no man can go through life carrying a great bur den without Divine guidance." FREAK FOODS In Europe and Asia, varieties o iflowers are utilized for food pur poses. It is not rare to hear o geranium soup, shrub cakes, boilei and husband of Princess Elizabeth, I lily, violet preserves, candied jas heiress apparent to the throne. jmine, or rose dessert in these part Well, far be it from your colum- of the world. To jo to Take Responsibility for the War By PETER KAUISCHER Tokyo, Dec. 17—(UP)— When I 'X-Premier Hideki Tojo takes the land, probably Monday before he International Military tribunal or the Far East he will lake full •esponsibility for Japan's declara- ion of war against Ihe allies, it vas learned today. The bald- 64-year-old No. 1 Japanese war crimes suspect also will ;ake the blame for execution of the Joolittle fliers and the deaths of hojsands of British and Australian Allied war prisoners, who per"shed in the building of the Burma 3iam railroad. In a 240-page affidavit, which will be read to the court by his American d e f c n s e attorney, George Blewett of Philadelphia, Tojo will offer the following arguments in his defense: 1.—Japan's war was a defensive one and inevitably brought on by Allied economic pressure. 2.—The decision to attack Pearl Harbor and British possessions was made' at a Dec. 1, 1941, imperial conference because the United States note of Nov. 26 was regarded as an ultimatum and the chiei fear was that prior military consultations between the Americans, British and. Dutch would result in were Ihe only two cabinet ministers who knew of the Pearl Harbor plan, but Tojo will say he fervently desired the final declaration of war delivered prior to the attack since it was the emperor's wish. 4.—Tojo will say he ordered the court-martial of the Doolitlle fliers because the bombing of Tokyo was an an atrocity under international law. MORE Tojo will further argue that the ourt-martial order was given in >rder to prevent Japanese soldiers vho captured the fliers from tak- years, ng action against them on the spol an allied attack on Japan. However, the decision Tbjo will maintain, was made with the provision that the orders to attack Pearl Harbor would be recindec if the Washington peace nego tialions succeeded: 3.—Tojo and Minister of the Canadian Prime Minister Is 73 Today Ottawa, Dec. 17 — (IP)— Prime Minister W. L. MacKenzie King observed his 73rd birthday today, hard at work. By April 20 next King will have equalled the record of Robert Wai- pole, who served as Britain's Prime Minister from April 3, 1721, to Feb. 11, 1742—a period of 20 ic communted the death sentences of five out of eight at the emperor's wish, Tojo will say. 5 — Tojo will attempt to justi- \y his own order to build the Burma-Siam railway with prisoner of war labor by claiming tne railroad was well out of the line of fire and that Japanese soldiers worked 10 monlhs and nine days. After he surpasses the record, King is expected to relinquish the post. alongside the prisoners identical conditions. under 6 — The former Japanese premier will argue that the Manchurian, China and Pacific wars were three unrelated incidents and therefore not a wage war," as charges. "conspiracy to the prosecution Much of Tojo's affidavit will attempt to make individual rebuttal of the more than 1,000 times his name appears in prosecution evi- ence or testimony. The prosecution contends that Tojo was "criminally liable for every crime." Tojo prepared most of the affi-' davit, the second longest yet presented in the trials— from copious notes made daring the nearly 18 months he has 'been sitting in the prisoner's dock. The average American spent 1230 percent more for recreation in 1947 than he did before World Navy Admiral Shigetaro Shimada' War II. Daily Bread Continued From Page One he may be hawking Communist < propaganda. None of the movies to outlaw the Communist Party has ever gotten very far. For there is always the assurance that, once outlawed, the party would dissolve into "front" groups and become more slippery than ever. . ; Thus Mr. Thomas, in linking Iho agent-registration laws with the loyally reviews, is , wandering a- field. If being an avowe.d Communist is not legally disloyal, then membership —perhaps innocent—• in a "front" organization cannot in itself constitute disloyalty. It is, as the attorney general says, just a piece of evidence. Government employes may well be.thankful that''their loyalty tests will be conducted' according to rules laid down by tho Justice Department, and not the Thomas Committee. 0-: Copper occurs in all human tissue. ; Contest Developing in Western Germany Frankfurt, Germany, Dec. 17 — (^—Political parties of Western Germany prepared today for a developing conlesl wilh Communism for Ihe minds of the German people. ' j -.' -..' The Communist parly joined the battle with "alarm" telegrams sent from- Berlin lo all Communist points in Western .Germany, proclaiming itself the only standard •bearer of a ^ united Germany. Politicians of the right and left continued meetings in Frankfurt, drafting means to combat Communist propaganda. Members of the right - wing Christian Democrats, the Left- Wing-Social Democrats and the Liberal Democrats agreed that they should shun any stiggeslion thai Ihey wanled to create a "Western Germany stale" which would ;ive Ihe appearance of splilting jermany once and for all. •Throughout the combined American-British occupation area, politi *f „ Little Rock, Pec. 10—(/Pj—A 10 t<j-> percent increase in Arkansas auto»v mobile license sales, which began *an. I is anticipated by Frank D. Clancy, supervisor of the motoi vehicle tax diviiipn of the State Rev- ifnue Department, ; Clancy said today that the divi- jion's stale capital office and all Bounty revenue oftices would be «S>en Jan. 1 to begin 1948 license iwies. By Statute licenses must be Attained by Jan. 31. ' The 1948 Arkansas passenger r«ar license plates will have black v numerals on an aluminum back- cians began making hurried speeches saying that the breakdown of the London Foreign Ministers' conference does not mean the division of Germany. They said privately they were eagdr, to prevcnl Communist propaganda from convincing any of the 46,000,000 inhabilanls of Western Germany that Russian Foreign Minister V. M. M.olotov was a "German hero" fighting alone for unity of the country. The politicians stressed thai they want to build an economically- sound Western Germany that would show Germans in the Russian zone thai iheir only chance for a "decent standard of living" was in the west rather than the east. To create such a healthy "bizon- nia" or "trizonia,," the politicians agred that reorganization of the present bizonal economic council was necessary immediately, giving it most of the owers of a government except, perhaps, in name. The bizonal political leaders met r> secret for a second day to plan heir aclion in milding a new Western Germany. They hope to jrcscnt their united views to Gens. Lucius D. Clay and Sir Brian Robertson, the military governors, Ihis veekend. Jonesboro, Dec. 1 —Wt—Defense testimony began today in the lltfal of Walter Montague, 54-year«id Jonesboro businessman, on a Charge of first degree murdei for $b,e fatal shooting of a Negto cm- jpdoye. Ralph Donaldson, Sept 21. The state completed dhecl tesli- aaony late yesteiday. In an opening statement to the jury, Special Assistant Progecutoi Denvei Dudley termed the killing ''cold-blood- murder' 1 and death penalty. demanded the Defenie attorneys have indicated ••» ffcey would i>eek to prove Montague was forced to ihoot Donald&on to v protect himself after the Negro attacked him with a knife. vena em en weie ex- before a jury was com- JE^ pjetefj yesterday afternoon. |%_ MtUeRosk, Dec 17 - «p> -Ark ** .=»*«<- state Republican headquar *e?« • announced today that Harold eandjdate for the Republi Tito Leaves for Romania for Official Visit Belgrade, Dec. 17 — M 1 )— The press announced today the departure of Premier Marshal Tito and a delegation of Yugoslav officials for Bucharest Romania, on an official visit. Usually well informed sources said they believed the premier hoped to effect an agreement of friendship tance. and mutual assis- presidenhal nomination, was primary formally requesting a GOP presidential preferential primary in this state. Wallace Townsend, Little Rock, Republican national committeeman, said Stassen informed him by telephone from Washington that the request was in the mail. Stassen. on a recent visit here, announced he intended to invok a 1939 state law which permits a presidential canddiate to require a preferential primary, the law never has been invokd previously. Stassen said he was prepared to substantially assist in financing the COfltf ' Including 8 FRAZERS Awarded in 8 GREAT t First Contest Ends December 28, 1947 I^ISER Kaiser and Frazer wants every car owner in America to know firsthand the difference between prewar and postwar motor cars. Look around, the unmistakable characteristics of Kaiser-Frazer design can be seen in nearly every new car model introduced by other manufacturers. And this style trend is certain to be followed by others in the years to come. It has completely, changed modern motor car design. These great cars are miles. ahead in performance, style, ride. Come and see the KAISER and the FRAZER today. Get your free entry blank.. . . your free tip sheet. Ask your dealer any questions you want. Watch the Kaiser-Frazer ads. Follow the rules and win! There's no purchase necessary. Here are the most beautiful cars in the world! COMIH- your FREE Contest Entry Blank and Tip Sheet from your nearby Kaiser-Frazer Deafer LUCK MOTOR COMPANY 500 South Walnut St. €> Our Daily Bread E> Sliced Thin by Tho Editor •Alex. H. Washburn—— 'Wetback' Smacks 'em Furniture From Arkansas Wood When Claud Garner's first novel "Wetback" was published by Coward-McCann in September your correspondent's review of the DOOK Precast that It would land in the first-ten list oi national best-sellers before the Winter is over. Well, Ihis is only December, and last Sunday's New iorlc Herald Tribune reports tnat tne hemp- stead county man's book is already among the 25 best-sellers. This is no accident, believe me. Popular report to the contrary, there is very little connection between literary polish and .a great novel. You can save the literary ,.jmrt-stuas lor- writers ol essays 4Snd book reviews—but what maices a novelist is actual contact witn liie ana- an observing eye, and 11 he can put it down witnout interference irom the so-called literary art he has got a, book that everybody understands. Ciaua Garner's own explanation is that he doesn't know any "uve- dollar words". Well, there's money in writing' that, manages to stay away from live-dollar words. Coward-McCann had a pre-publication Aale on "Wetback ot lo.uJU copies ^-morc than UU pel cciu o^. au noveis sell in their whoxc career — and the publishing house s judgment is now bein^ vindicated book-stores all over the nation. Hope r»i ?«s' WffiSS iH Star '*VW , Arkansas: CW'' .{onlghi'alid- night and^A 49TH YEAR: VOL. 49 — NO. 56 Stor o» Mop* IWf; Prem J'JJ Coniolldofed January It, 192V HOPE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 18,1947 (AP)—Means Associated Prnt (NBA)—Means Newspaper EntefpHt* AM'n. Anderson to Give Grain List to Senate, Public Washington, Dec. 18 — (£")•— The Senate Appropriations committee dropped today its demand that secretary Anderson give it names of big traders in grain and decided to ask Senate and House votes on whether it should have them. Mix Memorial in The December edition of Arkansas Resources & Development Corn-mission's news bulletin reports, tnat Americana furniture, Inc., which has estabiisned a hall- muhcn-ciollar factory in North L,it- tie 1-eock, will turn out 53 turniture ^tems under the trademark "Bucks •fjounty Provincial." The bulletin also discloses that the company has put a new lactory in Kernersville, N.C.. Which reminds me of what our Arkansas delegation saw when a special train carried us over to Norlh Carolina on an industrial look-see excursion 21 years ago. We caw, in 1926, 20-odd furniture factories at High Point, N. C.—and on the unloading dock for raw material we saw huge shipments -£f wood labeled "Arkansas gum." ™ An old story for all of us—carrying Arkansas wood to Carolina to make furniture, and then shipping the furniture back to Arkansas. Factories like the new one in North Little Rock will eventually change this, ulilizing native labor to process native raw materials. Aready we have Hope's own Cobbwood, Inc., plant scheduled foi installation within six months turning -waste products of the wood working plants into commercial wallboard. -..-..• ' •"•' V And on industrial combinations of this sort we can never go wrong, for the joining of native labor with native raw materials is the fundamental factor benmd all industry. BY JAMES ThriASHER 'Better Than Nothing' The Palestine proolem could never have oeen solved perfectly, if only because of its background of violence. Too many passions had been- aroused, too many mistakes jtpf judgment and evidences of bad faith had been translated into blood shed in the last 30 years. Bitter resentment of any United Nations decision was a foregone conclusion. Yet partition seems the most sensible solution. The UN was confronted on the one hand by -ne all- or-nothing attitudes of both Jews and arabs. On the other were the commitments of Great Britain, the mandatory power, wiiich tne Lea gue of Nations had recognized, and some less oincial pledges made bj this country. It may be faint praise Washington, Dec. 18 — (fP) —Secretary of Agriculture Anderson promised a Senate committee today to give it and the public a list of heavy traders in commodities "as rapidly as we can gather the information and prepare the lists." He told the Senate appropriations committee in a closed door session l hat "if your decision to demand the names remains unchanged" he will make them public as soon as possible. Anderson was questioned by the committee for two hours and 35 minutes in the closed session. Then reporters were admitted and a stenographer read to them his record of what had been said. The transcript recorded that Anderson had testified: "In the event that you as a committee, without further action by the congress, insist on having the names and addresses of all traders along with the statistical information called for in your subpoena. I shall not permit myself to be charged with shielding anyone by " refusal to grant your request." The committee served a sub- jocna or) Anderson yesterday di- •ccting him to appear before it this morning with all information le has on commodity trading. The group is inquiring into reports hat government "insiders" have j profited from speculations in wheat and other commodities. Anderson's remark about "shielding" apparently was a reference to statements by Harold E. Stassen, republican presidential hopeful, that "insiders" have profited by trading in commodities. Anderson himself has stipulated that if Congress formally calls on him to make public a list of heavy traders, then names of member GOP Action on Inflation Plan By JACK BELL Washington. Dec. 18 — VP) — Signs of a Republican split plus democratic opposition to GOP proposals left it almost certain today that Congress will go home for Christmas without passing any cost of living legislation. A little "cow-puncher" points out the marker on a monument recently dedicated on the Florence-Tucson, Ariz., highway to the late Tom Mix, famed cowboy movie idol, on the exact spot where the actor was killed in an auto accident seven years ago. 00, followed by ay $28,000,000; Anderson By GORDON BROWN Washington, Dec. 18 — (/P) — Leg- the secretary make public islation authorizing of agriculture to call partition "belter than no thing," as some UN delegation did. But that was the choice anc the decision was about all that any one could reasonably hope for. The UN's task was made harder by th-2 ochavior o£ all three principals. The British government pledged and unpledged. It played both ends against the middle. At the encl it washed its hands of the whole business by refusing to help enforce a decision thiit was not agreeable to both parties. jk Jewish terrorists prejudiced the "case of their more moderate and more unfortunate brothers. Jewish extffemisls outside Palestine, particularly in America, professed to speak for all Jewry in their almost hysterical attacks on British policy. Together, these two groups succeeded at times in making the most obvious British errors seem almost forgivable. The Arab governments, speaking ior Palestine's Moslems, cried that partition was illegal, though there is no exact precedent for this sit- Wualion and no authority to penalize the alleged illegality. They argued that the Jews have no claim to the Holy Land, which is a matter of opinion, not of fact. They virtually incited their citizens to murder Jews by their talk of a "holy war." When the UN decision did come it was the Arabs' turn to become Continued on Page Five 20 Years Ago Today Dec. 18, 1S27 A fire alarm proved to be a grass fire at the home of C. F. Routon and Fireman Tommie Watson had the misfortune to sprain of Congress shall not 'be excluded. In testimony to the committee, the secretary urged again that Congress approve a .resolution calling on him to turn over the list. He said that would be the "easy, etter method." "All that; is,necessary is the-pass- ng of a joint resolution, which ths resident will approve," Anderson aid. He contended thai would pre- erve the proper relationship be- ween the legislative and excutiv Dranches of the government. His stand Ihre raised a ques- ion whelher Congress had consti- utional authority to subpoena in- 'ormation from the executive araneh of the government. Afler Anderson had explained ils refulsal lo lurn over the lisl :o the commitlee, members votec x> support a joint Senate - House resolution which the secretary saic would relieve him of the necessity for withholding it. Asked whether his reasons for withholding the information were "legalistic," Anderson said he does not know. ' "All I know is the circumstance; under which it was obtained," he said. "I know of the pledge tha has been given to the people Wh supplied." The law tinder which. Andersor gathers the information from ex changes and brokers provide that it is not to be made public names of grain market speculators has the endorsement of Rep. Harris (D-Ark.) In a brief House speech appear- ng in the Congressional record Harris said Secretary Anerson has asked Congress to dopt, such an authorizing resolu- on and added "I also think this iformation should be revealed and ublicly." "No one," he said, "should be ermitted to gamble in the market n the bread and food of the peo- ile of the .United States." Harris'*i3id "Andersbrt, whom he ailed "thoroughly reliable, honest nd courageous," has challenged Congress to authorize him to re- eal the names which he now is prohibited by law from doing. Republican congressional leaders turned Anderson's proposal down. . . "Evidently," Harris said, "The majority again wish to duck this .mportant issue because it is reported that other ways would be explored by the Republicans to get 'all thenames and all the fadts' Before resorting to such a resolu- MANDATORY AUTHORITY DENIED PRESIDENT Washinglon, Dec. 18 — (/P) The Senale loday batted down a democratic proposal to grant President Truman "mandatory" authority to require industry to parcel out scarce cost of living commodities. The Senate defeated an amendment by Democratic Leader Barkley (Ky) to a three-point anti-inflation bill sconsorcd by Senator Taft (R- Ohio). The action may result in democratic oppositon which prevailed could prevent passage of the ations. measure in the special session of Congress. The vote against Barkley s amendment was 47 lo 32, . The Taft Bill would authorize the president to consult with industry on voluntary agreements designed to hold prices in line under temporary suspension of the antitrust laws. Barkley wanted to give Mr. Truman 'power to issue orders ' and regulations which would compel such agreements. Taft opposed Barkley's amendment on the ground it would "change the entire nature" of his bill and "impose • compulsory controls over all industry." The Ohioan said adoption would have made it "impossible" to pass the Republican bill before adjournment of Ihe special session Friday. Barkley disagreed and said he does not believe "the president of the United States ought to be required to huckster among business."- . Senator Taft (R-Ohio) bucked determined democratic opposition in a last-hour attempl to get Senate approval of a bill which would let business men get together voluntarily to divide up scarce commodities and materials without run ning -.the risk of anti-trust prosecu ; tions. ' But the time element was such that Taft told reporters the Senate Continued on Page Five o Income From Main State Crops. Total $405,000,000 Little Rock, Dec. 18 — (IT) —Arkansas' principal crops were worth fc-iu5,000,000 this year — 2 per cent less than the value of 1946 farm production, the state crop reporting service said today. Principal crops were valued at $414,000,1)00 in 1946. Miles McPeek, agricultural statistician for the crop reporting service, said crop production this year was 7 per cent below that of 1946 but that value declined only 2 per cent because of higher prices. Cotton was the big money producer with a value of $238,000,000 or ( 59 per cent of the total. Corn was second in value with $52,000,rice, $42,000,000; ,, . oats, $11, 000,000, nd soybeans for beans, $10,000,000 The state's crops were harvested om 5,923,000 acres in 1947, which s an acreage approximately 4 per :ent larger than that of 1946. Arkansas agriculture started the -eason in a relatively favorable position but a two-month drought oeginning in July reduced yields of most crops substantially, McPeek sjaid. Gnerally favorable weather during harvesting oper- Lcmey Casting Eye on a ThirdTerm By BOB BROWN • Little Rock, Ark., Dec. 18 —(UP) — Only one man, the fabulous Jeff Davis, ever held three con Hopes Senate Will Restore Foreign Aid Cut Washington, Dec. 18 — (fP) —The administration pinned on the Senate today its hopes of restoring House cuts in foreign aid funds There was no immediate indica- ion. however, what that chamber would do about either: (A) the $88,000.000 slice carved put of the 5597,000,000 winter relief program 'or Fance, Italy and Austria or (B) the $260,000,000 slash in the $490,000,000 asked- by the army lo meet emergency occupation costs abroad. ' Chairman Bridges .(R-NH) of the Senate Appropraitions Committee announced^ immediately after the House stampted its voice vote approval oh the reductions late yesterday that his group would meet to consider the action this afternoon. His only comment to newsmen was that his personal: belief is that some funds should be provided for aid to China on the theory that it is futuile to halt -communism in Europe and allow it to spread in Asia, That was the theme of a parade of witnesses bcforn Bridges' committee yesterday. But the administration has yet to suggest a definite program for helping tha country. Hence although the House wrote help for China into the stop gap ! bill, it provided no funds. The idea of the hearing before Bridges' committee yesterday was o try to learn what should be done right now, but State Department experts on China said they '48 NAM Head tion. Is it lip. service that is being . given to the American people?" 'Why not go all the way and let's find out iust who is responsible. Is it only Ed Pauley (A special as- to the secretary of the or is somebody else being Third Struggle on Control of Atom Shaping By FRANCIS W. CARPENTER Lake Success, Dec. 18—(/P)—The United States and Russia turned today to their third struggle over atomic energy with a U. S. delegate predicting Russia might eventually change her mind and join other nations in a sweeping world pact controlling the atom. The working committee of the United Nations atomic energy commission was called to meet to plan work on the third phase of its long search for atomic agreement. As the delegates completed preparations for this meeting, Frederick H. Osborn, U. S. deputy on the Atomic Commission, told a news conference in his Manhattan of- tice the Kremlin had made a number of basic economic and political mistakes." He said he felt that Ihere is "greal ignorance" in the Kremlin on the sincerity of proposals for an internalional atomic de devel a u Ihri o opmen mic development author ity backed by the U. S. and approved by 10- other members of the 12-nation commission. Declaring thai he had nol heard a word from Ihe Russians and that neither the Russians nor the U. S. delegates had made any attempt sistant army: protected? Why not have the buyers for large milling interests and the big grain dealers come in and give information about their dealings x x x?" Harris called on Congress to forget "political effects and what 'will happen in 1948 and do something o protect our economy and ior the people." - o Church Silent on Government's Birth Control Approval London, Dec. 18 —(/I 3 )— Heads of the Church of England withheld comment today on tho government's implied approval of birth control, but there appeared little likelihood that the decision would lead to a break in the long partnership of the church and British state. The five law lords of the House of Lords, highest court in the land, announced the government decision yesterday, admonishing against "to strict reliance on the words" of the prayer book. The lords ruled that the use of contraceptives to prevent child bearing does not constitute wilful refusal to consummate marriage and refused a Lender's appeal for annulment of his marriage on the oractice of birth control. A number of similar divorce suits are Father of Hope Man Succumbs Jacob B. Greenberg, aged 68 father of Oscar Greenberg of Hope died Wednesday at his home i: New York City. He had been il some time. He is also survived by two othe sons, Pat and Jesse Greenberg o New York; 5 daughters, Mrs. E I. Rephan of Hot Springs, Mrs, Ruby Dorfman, Mrs. Joe Bier Mrs. Ben Berkowitz of New Yor City and Mrs. Lou Williams o Rochester, N.Y. Funeral services will be hel in New York City at 11 a.m. Thur day. ^cutive terms as governor of Ark- isas. But since he succeeded, the mptation to seek re-election has een great. George W. ' Donaghey tried and . led' in 1912. Carl E. Bailey tried nd failed in 1940. Now Gov. Ben aney is reported to be consider- i. the possibility of seeking a iird term, and perhaps for the ame reason announced by the lunt and always-confident Davis. Before asking the voters for a hird term, Davis — described as o "stormy petrel of. Arkansas olitics'' — announced that he 'anted to be governor for the Morris Sayre, of Montclair, N. J., head of Corn Products Refining Co., smiles broadly as he receives congratulations over the phone following his election as president ot National Association of Manufacturers for 1948 at the organization's annual convention in New York City. Report on Roads in This Area were not prepared to outline a specific program at this time. in summoning the lawmakers nto special session last month, President Truman put the help for France, Italy and Austria on the urgent list and said the army also would need more money to meet food and other occupation expenses in Germany, Japan and Korea. The House, however, took the view that aid for China also is imperative, and broadened the European relief bill to permit such assistance. The House also said the army was asking loo much money for its occupation expenses partiuulai- imple purposes of -furthering his landidacy against U.S Senator J.H. Serry, of holding his machine to- tether, and of being in office when fc next contest, came. .on. • -. If he goes after his third two- ear span, Laney probably will be n the same position — of planning o run in 1950 against U. SI Sena- or J. Wiliam Fulbright. Davis rode into a third term at he peak of his personal popularity but at a time when he was opposed by the press, the business in- ersts and politicians. His second erm had been charcterized by an unusual amount of turmoil, includ- ,ng: an unsuccessful effort by the .egislature to impeach him. And le was attempting to do something no one else ever had tried. "He had been turned out of the Baptist church," said Charles Jacobson, Davis' private secretary in his "Life of Davis,' 1 and had slig- malized the board of deacons who expelled him as 'quart Baptists'." Despite such obstacles, Davis made one of his famous persona tours and defeated Carroll D. Wood an associate justice of the Arkansas Supreme Court. And not satis lied to saty in his own back yard Davis was credited with carrying James P. Clark into his post as U. S. senator. ly in the absence of definite agreement" Un ted a clear and between the and Britain as to and Biitairv as to Suggests Way to End High Divorce Rate is for the Men to Use Mirror Also ust how much each j.coutttry, hould. i>e .responsible for- in dneir economically mt"i;ed zones'. •' • Miss Temple onKXARat 9 p. m. Friday The Hope territory will have a chance to hear a local girl who has made good on the New York stage and in motion pictures when Miss Temple Texas appears on KXAR, 1490, Hope, at 9 o'clock Friday night, December 19, Station Mana ger R. L. Mitchell announced to day. Temple Texas is her stage name Actually she is Miss Dora Jane Temple, daughter of C. O. Temple who owns Hope Novelty company She was born and reared at Lewis ville, Ark., was graduated from th high school there, attended Ware Belmont school in Nashville, Tenn, and after a successful career as professional model she went on th New York stage for Billy Rose. She appeared in the Rose show "Seven Lively Arts", "The Gil From Nantucket," and "It Take Two." And she appeared in a motion picture, "Kiss of Death", which played in Hope November . Miss Temple is visiting her fa- The following report on condition of loads in this section was released today by A. G. Rives, district superintendent: Highway No. 4: Dierks to Hope Fair. Washington to Nashville— Under construction. Detour provided. Hope to Ouachita, County line—Not recommended in „ wet weather. Gravel haul in progress, Drive with caution. , >, Highway No. 10; Delight, to Waldo—Fair condition. 5 miles south of Prescott under construe"' on. Traffic maintained. Delight to rescott: Closed, Water «ver roa'd L Little Missouri river. f t '' Highway No. 24; ^QcKesburg to uachita county line—Fair.\Nash- ille to Blevms—Br.idge out, Detour rovided. Pjescott to*JunctionJ*58 —Road under consf-^'-" f ' n - i — T'to Gurdqii "#53 14 ' and No. 24. < v „, Highway No. 20: Junction No. 26 nd No. 24 to Antome—Fair to ood condition. Highway No, 27—Junction No. 7 and No. 71 South of Ben Lorn-, nd to Mineral Springs — Fair. Mineral Springs to Kirby'- Good. Highway No. 29: Bavins to otusiana line—Good, Washington,',^,.,.. .,, $5,600,000,000 income . tax ;cU., bill which .would strike 7,400,0- low income and elderly ; pcrtc from the tax rolls was-introduce today by Rep. KnutSon * (R-MInn For the 47,000,000 Other taxpal ers the measure, referred to "bji its author as "veto proof,"' 'pr poses tax reductions ranging:,fro 58 per cent in the lowest bradt to 10 per cent on higher income Knutson, chairman of the;t writing House Ways and "It* committee, said he expects theH to be the first major business Wh Congress reconvened - in- Janiiar The reductions' wbuld be tlve to January 1. " s '}$*.?i! jy would slash taxfefevei _., .,1,600,000,000 trire thanltheTI 000,000,000 Knutson measure :< Preidcnt Truman twice kilted vetoes earlier this yearf^ ..,_, Here is what the riew"bttl- r woi do: " ^ , T' "•• 1. Increase the present $500. 7 { sonal exemption to ?600, thusir ing 6,000,000 low income perlj from tax paying and ^prrtyio. some reductions for all- other taxpayers. This would 'reauceTrfeV" enues by about $2,000,000,000; tf^ 2. Apply the "community?* p» 3 « erty" principle to all states^-' milling married "couples • tS^ the family income equally lot .. ^ reporting purposes In order tO^akeJ advantage of lower surtax bracki) ets. This principle * now is' applli cable in a dozen states by local law. General application , woulcl cost the treasury about 000,000. , 3. Provide, in addition to t added exemption and "communi property," split, 10 to 3Q pe,r cebt graduated reductions as A. 30 per cent lor -those . comes after deductions and;ex tions not 1 , exceeding l $l*000,§t now are '29,200,0001 taxpayer this group,' 5 "<,-„•<>*< fn^' ;, 1 B, 30 V> fcO.per- ?enti 'on'& scale, 1 for those Hvith .taxable comes between , s |l,090 Jaiid *i' Thi$ would affect 14,500,0091 sons. v, ,'C%M".*a,& fc'-*$ >tfC, 20 per cent.for«"th.ose vy comes- There Highway No. 32: Oklahoma line o Red Bluff—Fair to good qondi- ion, Foreman to Ashdown— Under jonstruction. Detour maintained during 1 wet weather. Highway No. 41: DeQueen to Horatio—1 mile South of DeQueen By HAL BOYLE New York — (/P) —The former pending. The lords' decision questioned that part of the church of En_ land's marriage service, authorized in 1662, which reads: "First, il (marriage) was ordained for ihe procreation of children, to be brought up in the fear and nurture of the lord and to the praise of his holy name." Newspapers and clergymen! gen- erallv treated the subject with caution, awaiting a more detailed analysis of the opinion. - Q "•'"' '" T ~" court beautician for Queen Marie of Rumania says the American divorce rate would fall if husbands would learn how to look in a mirror. "The secret formula is to look in the mirror long enough to learn how to glamorize yourself for your ihe wife," said bushy-haired Donu. Ed-jbro you better half: "Most men say -Gimme mond. go the barber and ..-, _.....,.^ the works.' That means the barber always decided how they look. If the barber is a glamorous man himself. You re hokay. But how many barbers are glamorous? "Don't lei the hair grow from nose. Trim it. Trim the eyebrows too. Pay attention to the mustache 30. A tall man should wear a French •mustache. A writer or a serious man should war a heavier mus- Never tache — a la clemcnceaj. wear a waxed, turned up mus- •You only count what you look like, and if the husband keeps his glamor the wife will no longer think she has the freedom to be sloppy, and they both like each other better." Edmond, who operates a glitter . _.. belt "house of beauty" only a ten-1 who can wear one. Bui eveiy pio- karat stone's throw from Fifth! Cession can't wear a beard - it i^ Avenue believes the average;no good on the soda jerK. aui a American husband is about as I doctor, a dentist, an independent lache — it is like ihe cheap villain. "Any man should wear a beard ~ . . . . •-. ... , ,. ... T i ueivjsaica iiau auauc any a Livr his ankle while lighting the blaze Q settle th£h , differencei f since •—C. E. Christopher was Missouri Pacific ticket agent—J. D. Barlow entertained yesterday with dinner honoring ex-Governor and Mrs. T. C. McRae of Prescott on Iheir 53rd weddins anniversary. Other guests included children and grandehild- -F. N. Porter Whitfield Masonic Lodge secretary—Letters to Santa included ones from Norma Jean Allen, Janet Leinley, Pershing Floyd, Geraldine Van Sickle. James McLarty, Dorothy Gunler, Roy Lewis, Clyde Hill. David Davis, John Marion Brummett, . James Cobb, Lucille Porter, Audrey McAdams, Dean Parsons, Abbie Hutchons, Mildred Gray. Ben McRae, and usl commission meeting in Sep- .ember. Osborn said no one coun- .ry desires to take the responsibility of breaking off the atomic talks. He said, instead, that the U. S. was anxious to continue negotiations. "I feel," he declared, "that as ihe world and the Soviet situations change there is increasing likelihood that they (the Russians* will 'Isire seriously to negotiate a treaty and for that reason it is worthwhile keeping negotiations open as lung as possible." Osborn said he had no information on Russian research in atomic energy, but that he "guessed they are doing everything they can." glamorous as , , sheep dog with business man — yes, hokay. ' mange. "Really it is him that is whole mistake." coniinued the Egyptian born beautician. If he would get hold of himself the , "Don't let any woman tell you the she won't like you with a beard. ' — U gives you a 'he-man look — u is a nice clean beard. A man can wear a beard udds ten and become a glamor boy, thc,pe>r cent to his glamor.'' marriage it would last longer. The Edmond has a separate door^ai ' • his establishment for Auto Strikes Pole at Second and Shover An automobile driven by L. D. Springer struck a telephone pule at Second and Shover Street about 8:30 a.m. today resulting'in minor damage to the vehicle. Mr. Springer was not hurt. Police investigated. IN PLACE OF DRINKING Desert animals are able to do without drinking because of their specialized ability to change the starchy pan oi their iuod into water. glamor — it must begin befoie Breakfast." This means, he indicated, that the husband should quit letting his wifc see him when he first turns off the alarm clock, yawning and scratching himself Instead hs should go to the bathroom, shave, comb his hair r.nd come back in a fancy dressing gown before arousing the sleeping beauty he is wedded to. "Women like movie actors because of their voices." Edmond went on. "A husband can make the voice glamorous by speaking very slowly. Then his words have thoughts behind them. "Speak distinctly. Don't give the woman the chance to say, 'What did you say. dear?' She will have lost the interest, and you will be annoyed." establishment for men. His male patrons arc largely people who have to meet the public — ••actors, doctors, big hcadwaiters 700 sailors whose hair fell out 700 saileurs -whose from nervousness. hair fell oul ther in Hope before reluming lo New York City. o Seal Sale for Blind Nets $300 The Hope Lions club raised $303 in the Hempstead county sale of seals for the adult blind, which supports the Educational Center for the Adult Blind, Little Kock, Committee Chairman Glen Walker announced today. Of this amount $90.90 will remain in charge of the local club for use with underprivileged children, the balance going to the state center, Mr. Walker said. The total raised in the stale- wide drive for the Educational Center for the Adult Blind, which is sponsored by the Lions clubs of Arkansas was $20,000. Herbert Stephens Home at Blevins Damaged by Fire Fire damaged one room yesterday at the Herbert Stephens home under construction. Use present 41. Horatio to Texas line- Fair to good. Highway No. 53; Little Missouri River to Junction No. 53 and No. 24 & Junction No. 53 & No. 19 to Bodcaw— Traffic should drive with caution between Little Missouri River and Junction No. 24. Observe signs. Highway No. 55: Fulton to Mineral Springs— Good. Highway No. 67: Texarkana to Clark county line — Heavy maintenance repairs from Texarkana to Clark county line, Traffic should watch for caution signs and observe all traffic regulations. Shoulders in some places soft and very dangerous. Highway No. 70: Oklahoma line to Hot Spring county line — Fair to good condition. Kirby to Dierks — Fair to good condition. Observe warning signs. « Highway No. 71: Louisiana line to Polk county line — Good condi- HJghway No. 73: Junction Ho. 7J and No, 4 to Saratoga-^-Poor. .No1 recommended for travel in wet weather. ' _^ft* ''> \ J? 1 ^- 1 '*Vt Discussed H by Cpuiieil^, Acceptance of arf'area^at of South Main Street tot, an,, tion to the^eity of Hope-'was'? cussed at "length" Ja.3t.night?^byi| council and -Albert Graves,' atti ney for residents of the iecl Petition for ' annexation- alrea has been signed b^ ^property! "" ers approved by the .county^ and awaits only council approv The section is approximately;' a mile wide and almo&H^*'' lon'g. Actual Approval because a 'member of was absent and a full ,. sired when the issue is vo< t is expected to be approved i mously, and acceptance 1 *'. ring hundreds'of residents.!? he corporate limits, ,. ?',>*) Robert LaGfone, school "DO resident, gave the city a $1* check as payment4for moneys •owed »last year to buy the, *Mc1 an property" adjoining k Hop'e*H School for the district., ">-*>> Pieviously the council" pay the school district $5# tor 7 years, so -the i district-, , irepare its recent bonding-til This figure ^represents Jnte: . Highway No. 76: Junction No. 7* & No. 19 to Junction No. 76 & No. '. —Poor condition. Not recommended for Iravel in wet weather. ^ f . Highway No. 82: Texarkana,- to Columbia county line—- Texarkana to Garland City under construe tion. Detour provided, Balanc S °H?ghway No. 84: Kirby to Cla.rk county line— Fair to gpod qqndi- 10 Hlghway No. 108: Junction No, ' 108 and No. Junction No. de "' 67 108 Paup's Spur to and No. 71 In- mg"hway' No. 160: Red Riyer levee to Spring bank ferry— Fair.1 condif'-n. . Edmond is also explicit on how wives can help keep down divorces "American women are too sure at Blevins placed the and first loss around estimates $aOO. The of themselves." he nid "They Some other Edmond tips on how (heavy, lo keep a glamor hammeiiock on I bad at ali." •;hould be thinking always of their beauty, then they would keep the -.nnuth shut. There is nothing like a woman making mistakes because ihe mouth is open." Edmond looked a litile dreamy when I asked him what hud been ihe secret of Q.ieen Marie's beauty. He finally boiled it down to p-jsture and social charm, then ankles were a little too — they weren't added: "Her slaze started from a gas stove, bul was confined to tho unej-oom. Temperatures Remain in Middle Twenties The temperature last night was 25 degrees, some Iwo degrees higher than the seasonal low re- toided December 13, the Experiment Station reported today. High for the 24-hour peiiod was, 54 degrees. Austrian Sees First'Real Hope' for Peace London. Dec. 18—OT—Dr. Karl Gi uber, Austrian foieign .minister, said today there .appeared to be "real hope" for the first time that the big four will write an agreed peace and independence pact lor his country. ; Soon 'afterwards, a British foreign office spokesman told a news conference that discussion _ yester; day among the foreign ministers deputies over east-west differeoes in Austria was "encouraging and deputies have adiourned. to allow- Russia's H. K- Koktomov to submit concrete cpunter-prop.psaj to a French compromise »lan tor settluig the question, ol \yhat con stitutes German assets in A The deputies have agreed to belgre Feb.. I, expend an over 4 road. structed area, Syd library and plans Library w home. Hie , be operated The c cermng at Municipal ted it wouW erec\ taken, it get ajxot A commi vestigate expense in. _ and ojakfj recj-, m ing ^istog the ' OR1QJN The, '^fl '??;vt'i

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