Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on December 11, 1947 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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HOPE STAR, HOPE, ARKANSAS Wtdn«doy, D.c.mbtr 10,1947 ( KXAR 1490 ON YOUR DIAL u • Formal Opening ouse Open Friday Dec* 12 12 Noon Up Hope's New Radio Station AFFILIATED WITH MUTUAL BROADCASTING SYSTEM AND A MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS LATEST NEWS SPORTS ENTERTAINMENT EDUCATION FARM SERVICE HOPE BROADCASTING CO. Box 399 Hope, Ark. Phones 508 - 509 YOUR DIAL DAILY 6 A.M. TIL 11 P.M. SUNDAY 7 A.M. TIL 11 P.M. We take piide in announcing the formal opening of Hope's new radio station KXAR. You are cordially invited to visit and inspect our studios located IVi miles North of Hope on State Highway 29. Friday, December 12 between the hours of 12 noon and 11 p.m. For fine radio entertainment, every day and night, KXAR invites you to keep your dial tuned to 1490 kc. You'l! hear many top-flight artists in a wide variety of programs.... the latest in news and sports events. So, for a new and finer radio experience, stay tuned to Hope's new radio station —1490 on your dial. Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor Alex. H. Washburn Researchers Dig Up Some Facts on Arkansas Farming Bulletin No. 468 from the University of Arkansas College of Agriculture's Experiment Station at l''aycttevillc is a review of farm tenancy in Arkansas. It discloses some interesting . facts. As of 1940, for instance, 53.3 per cent of Arkansas' 216,674 iarm operators were tenants or croppers. The percentage varies from 13 in Grant county to aboul 90 in Crillonden. Continues the bulletin: "About 59 per cent of the 115,442 non-owner operators were tenants and 41 per cent were share croppers, iri 1940. White farmers comprised about 74 per cent of the . total number of farm operators, ,4 and colored farmers 26 per cent. • The greater proportion of the colored farmers are located in the lowland areas of eastern and southern Arkansas. Share cropping is most prevalent in the cotton- producing lowland areas and is less frequent on the mixed-farm-, inj; uplands. "The average 1940 Arkansas i'arm contained 83 acres . . . About 41 per cent of the state's total farm acreage v/as embraced in iarrns containing 175 acres or .'$ over." Inridcntally, the university bulletin shows that farm tenancy in Hempstead county is 42.1 per cent, wmcn compares with 45.6 per cent for Miller and 57.4 for LaFayette. But the higher-ground areas show a s;i-naller percentage, 3G.6 per cent for Howard county, and 22 per cent for Piko. And in the rich bottomlands o£ eastern Arkansas the tenancy percentage runs from 5J to UO. « * -n f> By JAMES THRASHER The Real Danger When President Truman asked Congress for discretionary power to impose price controls and rationing, it was only political second nature for some Republican members to charge him with using "police state" methods. For Mr. Truman, in an oilnand political con- iurcncc remark a month ago, had said that such controls, though . sometimes needed, partook of police state techniques. 1$ Mr. Truman's remark was rather ill-considered, since government regulations operating within the American constitutional framework of checks and balances czinnot bt> dictatorial. For the same reason, Senator Taft's charges that Mr. Truman's proposals marked "the end 'of economic freedom" and "a step toward a completely totalitarian nation" were b'oth ill-considered and extravagant. Whether or not the President's jltylp-polht program to combat inflation is wise, it carries no threat to the orderly processes of our government. Congress will grant him only such powers as the majority sees fit. The President may veto that grant if he thinks it is inadequate, and try again for something nearer to what he wants. But Congress still has the last word. The likelihood that Congress will withhold some of the discretionary powers that Mr. Truman 01 requested is proof enough that dic- v tatarship is not imminent. In a police state, ihe President would have a puppet legislature. The real clanger, then, is not totalitarianism. The danger is rather that both parties will sidetrack statesmanship in favor of politics. It was signaled by the reactions which reporters brought down from Capitol Hill after tlie President':; speech. Some congressmen said that Mr. Truman had pulled a fast one by ,f asking far more thpn the Republi- • ' can-controlled Congress would possibly grant him, thus putting the blame for high prices and growing inflation on the GOP. Others said that the smartest tiling the ^publicans could do would be to give , the President all he had asked for and then let him stew in- his own juice. Still others obviously figured that the charge of totalitarianism would be the strongest po litical weapon. This situation rises from a con- t dition the exact opposite of total itarian. Its basic cause is the freedom with which American citizens arc permitted to change their political in i n d s. The result in this case is a partisan division ol authority which invites a partisan iufi ol' war. The fault is not in the system. But the question is whether the two parties will resist the temp tation to indulge in a purely political game. There is the uneasy recollection that there have been JK. such performances before that V^' caused momentous repercussions far beyond the field of domestic political maneuvers. There seems a chance that our Washington politicians may forget the simple truth that the mistakes which luad to domestic disas- , er or a war are made in the quiet and apparent safety of peace. When disaster or war comes, there is nothing Icit to do but pitch in and work together. But the pound of cure i.s costly and tragic. We cannot and would not adjourn politics or postpone elections. But \ve tan hope that both parties will remember that there are Continued on Page Two Gee. 11, 1927 Elks Club announced its annual piotjrum and dance December 14 with music by Ladies' Rainbow Sextet under the direction of Mrs. Sue Ernest Howling. Ch-iperoiu-s will be Mesdames K. P. b'ewart, John P. LV<, Jas. R. Honry, Sr. Joe B. Greene, J. W. Strickland, R. T. White, Ambrose Hancgan, and R. B. Remick—The Goodfel- lows club announced colleciion of ^5^—Jett Black entertained with tlag' dinner yesterday. His guesis included: Hamilton Hani!tsa.i, C. C. Ncwham, Dorsey Mcllae, Deu.iy Shipp and Pete Day—Hit recorded tunes were "There's A Cradle in California", "Melancholy Bab;-". *' Hope 49TH YEAR- VDI 49 ND "SO *"" ot Ho "« '•»»> *>•» '"I 7 ' ln ' C/AI ^- VUL. ty INU. OU Consolidated January U, 192* L.^^,". o£«si;frar<,M attertidSn &hif .tdhfrfht t^$SM ' £*3^% V #*™*«W* HOPE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 11, 1947 ZL_ V i' '""^V^Av 'eW6 -—- i — 'rfit •-», i t .j ^ri*A.. j£r. , Ij t* Fate of Parley Hinges on Reply ofMolofov By ALEX SINGLETON London. Dec. 11 — (/P)—A firm United States demand upon Russia to halt the removal of reparations from eastern Germany con- :ronted Soviet Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov today and uoon his answer may hinge the success or :ailure of the Big Four conference lere. Molotov's reply may be made at :oday's -meeting at which the council is expected, to turn its attention direction to the quesion of repara- uons — a matter which has stymied agreement for a week on a dozen other issues related to Germany's economic unification. Authoritative government iources said that Molotov was also -ixpected to give his reaction to reports that the U. S. and Britain nave reached a tentative agreement revising last year's pact for economic fusion of the American and British zones of Germany so as to give the U. S. control • over iconomic and financial policies. British informants said the new arrangements, effective Jan. 1, probably would "open the way for a new line of attack" on the western powers' policy in Germany. The informants Declared that conomic and financial control in the merged zones would be in direct proportion to each country's contribution to a common budget. This would mean that the U. S. would assume virtually complete "conomic and financial control over the two areas, as American negotiators have agreed to take over all o£ Britain's dollar commitments, the informants said. In the bluntest language he has vet used during the conference Secretary of State George C. Marshall yesterday accused Russia of extracting German assets at the rate of $500,000,000 a year while the United States and Britain have been pouring in $700,000,000 to keep Germany alive. Marshall declared that the withdrawals must cease by Jan. 1. He called upo/i his council colleagues to make that decision at once It was apparent that this time the American secretary would be satisfied with nothing short of a ycs-or- no answer. Arkansas to Give the Capital Something New By GORDON BROWN Washington, Dec. 11—(#•)—Arkansans will give the capital something new Saturday in the way of state society receptions— a series of open houses in the congressional offices. The Christmas receptions are Sponsored by the Arkansas State Society, headed by Les Biffle, now director of the Senate minority policy committee. Under the plan the offices of the representatives are to be open from 2 until 4 o'clock Sturday afternoon for society members, Arkansans in Washington and visitors from home. Visitors are expected to ro'am from office to office. Secretary of the Treasury Snyder has said he will attend if possi- •ble, John Steelman, presidential assistant, is expected. Senators McClellan and Fulbright are due to join in receptions in the House office building since their own Senatorial offices are several blocks away. Washington, Dec. H — (/P) — President Truman met Republican counter-proposals for wage and price legislation today with the declaration that anything less than .he administration's 10-point program for curbing living costs will inadequate. Mr. Truman told his news conference he will submit to Congress in a couple of days specific legislation covering the wage and price controls whicn he has requested. The president added that he also expects to submit other proposals to coyer all the ten points outlined in his first message to the special session. In a sharp criticism of one.fea- ture of the proposed Republican program, Mr. Truman said the 23 Americans Six Survive Westover Field, Mass., Dec. 11— (/P)— The U. S. Air Transport Command announced today there were only six survivors of the 29 American men aboard the huge-transport plane that crashed in Labra- ;•* Condition of Highways in This Section Condition of roads in this area as reported by A. G. Rives, district highway superintendent: Highway No. 4: Dierks to Hope —Fair. Washington to Nashville— Under construction. Detour provided. Hope to Ouachita County line—Not recommended in wet weather. Gravel haul in progress Drive with caulion. Highway No. 19: Delight to Waldo—Fair condition. 5 miles south of Prescott under construction. Traffic maintained. Highway No. 24: Lockesburg to Ouachita county line—Fair. Nashville to Blevins—Bridge out. Detour provided. Prescott to Junction #53 —Road under conslruction. Detour 67 to Gurdon #53 to Junction No. 53 and No. 24. Highway No.' 26: Junction No. 26 and No. 24 to Antoine—Fair to good condition. Highway No. 27—Junction No. 27 and No. 71 South of Ben Lomond to Mineral Springs — Fair. Gravel operation. Drive with caution. Mineral Springs to Kirby— Good. Highway No. 29: Blevins to Louisiana line—Good. Gravel being placed irom Lewisville to Bradley. Observe warning signs Highway No. 32: Oklahoma line to Red Bluff—Fair to good condition. Foreman to Ashdown— Under construction. Detour maintained during wet weather. Highway No. 41: DeQueen to Horatio—1 mile South of DeQueen under construction. Use present No. 41. Horatio to Texas line- Fair to good. Highway No. 53: Little Missouri River to Junction No. 53 and No. 24 & Junction No. 53 & No. 19 to Bodcaw—Traffic should drive with caution between Little Missouri River and Junction No. 24. Observe signs. Highway No. 55: Fulton to Mineral Springs—Good. Highway No. 67: Texarkana to Clark county line —Heavy maintenance repairs from Texarkana to Clark county line. Traffic should watch for caution signs and observe all traffic regulations. Shoulders in some places soft and very dangerous. Highway No. 70: Oklahoma line to Hot Spring county line — Fail- to good condition. Oklahoma line to DeQueen—Under construction. Detour provided. Kirby to Dierks— Fair to good condition. Observe warning signs. , Highway No. 71: Louisiana line I to Polk county line— Good condition. Highway No. 73: Junction No. 73 and No. 4 to Saratoga—Poor. Not recommended for travel in wet weather. Highway No. 76: Junction No. 76 & No. 19 to Junction No. 76 & No. 4 —Poor condition. Not recommended for travel in wet weather. Highway No. 82: Texarkana to Columbia county line— Texarkana to Garland City under construction. Detour provided. Balance good. Highway No. 84: Kirby to Clark county line— Fair to good condition. Highway No. 108: Junction No. 108 and No. 67 Paup's Spur to Junction No. 108 and No. 71 Index—Good. dor's icy wilderness Tuesday night. A doctor who landed at mid„„ the •yreckage eight miles north of -roosc Bay reported that 23 were killed in the crash. Names of the survivors and dead are being withheld pending receipt of a complete report. A hard, driving wet snow has prevented any large-scale rescue operation but doctors and medical supplies are -being landed by helicopter. A space has been cleared within the scattered, . The huge transport plunged flaming to earth in forested, hilly country that could not be reached by air or ground for nearly 24 hours. A rugged rescue party travelling overland with dog-sleds reached the wreckage last night —but first reports of the survivors came only after the landing of a radio- equipped hplicopter. , . '• ' ' • 'Stormy Weather hamperdd~cbm- munications even though only eight miles separated the scene of the wreck from the Goose Bay airfield a half mile of charred wreckage. where the rescue being directed. First reports received operations are at ATC headquarters here did not give the condition of the survivors. The rocky country — threaded with streams — makes it virtually impossible to remove Ihe injured by land. The Helicopter dispatched to Labrador when the transport crashed has been making relay hops between Goose Bay airfield and the scene of the crash. Three doctors— one orhe parachuting Lieut. Stanley Bear of Carlisle, Pa. — have been landed at tne wreck. Bear was not forced to jump. A second helicopter is being flown from Weslover to assist in the rescue and help carry out the injured by air. Whether the storm would interrupt the flights remained problematical. A message received here at 11 a. m. (EST) said the weather was closing in. It wasn't until daybreak that the first definite word came from Goose Bay of possible survivors; it was a ' only: terse message, saying Mr. Truman Stands Firm for Plan to Curb Living Cost, Hints Other Proposals country's anti-trust laws enforced to the limit as will long tie is president. He made this comment on a point in the GOP plan which would allow some relaxation of the anti-trust laws to meet the New England oil shortage, Mr. Truman repeated that as long as he is president there will be no relaxation of the anli-trust'laws if he can help it. Reminded he had said at a previous news conference that the OPA was in the form of a police state method, the president said the police state method arises only .mder dictatorships. If Congress directs price and wage controls in a free government by free legislative action, he said, that is the free government approach. The Republican plan appeared headed for quick congressional ap proval with democratic members of Congress indicaling wilingness to allow Republicans to pass their program and take the blame if it fails. They contend that the GOP plan to curb inflation by "voluntary" means will flop. The House Banking Committee was called together today to consider the Republican legislation which is built around a plan to let business make agreements to hold down rising living costs without incurring prosecution under the antitrust laws. The bill was introduced yesterday -by Rep. Wolcott (R-Mich). It has been docketed for House debate Monday. Besides asking standby authority to impose wage.-price and rationing jTrigger-Happy Russian Fires on AP Writer 'Berlin, Dec. 11 —(/P)— Russian soldiers and German workers pre- >ared charges today to demolish he chancellery shelter where Adolf iitler and Eva Braun are believed 6: have died. The demolition was planned under the Allied program of. destroying German fortifications. A Russian soldier fired wildly at Richard Kasischke. American correspondent for the Associated Press, after the reporter had asked whether photograp.hs could be tak- eri and then failed to move fast enough when ordered off the premises. [The entry to the chancellery in he past has been open to the JUblic as a sight seeing spot. The Fljissians had published no rcstric- .ions against visitors. [When Kasischke asked the soldier if a photographer could be admitted after . the demolition, the Russian shouted in German: "Pictures? No. no. Ojt out —' get out of here." He followed this with a stream of curses in Russian and German controls, Mr. proposals also for: Truman's included 10-point requests Curbs on installment buying and bank credits, continuation of export controls, beyond- next February 29, and paVer/to''••regulate'' trading' on commodity exchanges to eliminate speculation. Mr. Truman's statement that specific legislation covering his proposals will go to Congress within a couple of days was made when a reporter remarked he has not seen any proposed bills from the administration on price or wage controls. The president added that everything he recommended in his message to the special session will be covered by legislative proposals. Asked about the 4-point Republican "substitute," Mr. Truman said there is no substitute, and he wants his program carried out to the letter. He said anything short of that will be inadequate. On the question of the anti-trust laws, he was emphatic, saying they will be enforced to the limit. Mr. Truman said he is insisting on everything necessary to make the cost of living come down. Senator Kilgore of West Virginia, one of the first Democrats heard from, declared the Republicans are "rushing to a three-alarm fire with a garden hose." Democrats championing President Truman's own anti-inflation program were reluctant generally i to comment on the counter-propos- Continued on Page Six Arkansas Christmas Shoppers Are Buying Larger and More Useful Gifts This Year By The Associated Press Arkansas Christmas shoppers are •buying larger and more useful gifts this year than ever before. And laey are doing mas buying earlier. This was reflected their Christ- by a statewide survey of Christmas shopping in major Arkansas communities. The survey also showed: The shoppers are spending more -cash than ever before. They are utilizing relaxed credit controls to provide large gifts for their homes. The shoppers have a wide choice of better quality stocks than at anytime since 1941 and perhaps in history. They have a "buyers' market" for the first time since 1941. All types of merchandise are boro. Hot Springs "getting a play" from the shoppers but the prevalence of so-called useful gift buying was noted by at least two sales managers. These include home appliances. draperies, furniture, washing machines and rugs. Only at Pine Bluff was there a departure from the general trend. There merchants reported that the Christmas trade was not up to the 1946 level and that the holiday buying season was late in getting under way. These same merchants, however, predicted the Christmas rush would be in fjll swing next week. Drug and novelty stores at Pine Bluff reported a greater demand this year than last. Throughout the state a heavy demand for toys, doils r.nd nylon hose was reported. One Little Rock sales manager said simply — and "•;adly — "our tov stock is about depleted." Fort Smith and Little Rock reports indicated that the dollar volume was well ahead of last year indicated" but that the unit buying probably was less. This was attributed to (1) increased prices and (2) purchases of more expensive items such as $50 to $100 electric train sets instead of $10 construction sets and $10 pipes instead of $2 ties. The tie, shirt and toiletry counters are getting a heavy rush from the buyers. And, nylon slocking sales at Fort Smith led one jib- server to comment that there probably would be at least one pair of these hose under every tree in Se- oastian county. Little Rock merchants, who generally agreed that sales exceeded expectations, and those at Fort Smith reported increased November sales which may have been early Christmas buying. However, they wouldn't attribute the increase entirely to Santa Claus. Jonesboro reported that, although the Christmas buying was a little later this year than last, the volume would be greater. Credit buying of articles above $50 was reported on the increase at Jones- and took his gun from his shoulder and gestured threaten- inly. The American turned and walked quickly from the garden back into the chancellery. There he stopped to talk with two German boys, selling souvenirs. The Russian shouted angrily and fired when he saw Kasischke had stopped. With the Russian in pursuit, the reporter ran to his car and drove off. The Germans scattered. German witnesses have testified that Eva Braun, long Hitler's mistress, was married to the German dictator a few hoars before their supposed deaths while the Russians were storming the city. o— • Irregularities in FBI Office to Be Probed merchants, whose per capita retail sales led the state last fiscal year, reported Christmas sales w"about the same" as in 194G. They formally opened the Spa Christmas season with a parade Nov. 25. Fayelteville merchants likewise reported "about the same as last year' business but that the buying was somewhat earlier. Postal receipts at Fayctteville and Hot Springs in November, a Christmas trade barometer were ""). Christmas buying will hit its peak the latter part of next week Inroughojt the stale, most reports house appropriations subcommittee today turned over to the justice department and other federal agencies an investigator's report that a "condition which may embrace criminality exists in the Boston office" of the Internal Revenue Bureau. .The subcommittee, headed by Representative Canfield (R-Nj), suggested "appropriate action" by the: attorney; general, the treasury department,' the internal revenue commission and the civil service commission. The committee also sent a printed copy of its hearings and record to Basil O'Connor, president of the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis, because funds of that agency were said to be involved. There was no formal committee report, only the transcript of the secret hearings being made public. The subcommittee investigation was based on report of Robert E. Lee, chief of the committee's investigating staff, that "a review of the evidential material" appears to indicat in the Boston office: "1. A disregard of trust funds. "2. Lack of proper control and supervision over various collections from outside charitable and political and political organizations, including the March of Dimes and the Jefferson Day dinners. "3. That the civil and criminal sections of th ehatch act may have been deliberately and consistenlly violated by the office of the collector at Boston, Mass." The March of Dimes, which handles contributions for the aid of infantile paralysis victims, is sponsored by O'Connor's organization. Jefferson Day dinners are annual affairs of Democratic party members. The, Hatch act, to which Lee referred, restricts political activity by federal employes. « I _ Q_ Sees Church .Active in Foreign Policy Buck Hill Falls. Pa., Dec. 11 — ,'~ The Melhodisl church should lake a more aclive part in lormu- r?- tlng Uni ted Stales foreign policy, bishop C. Bromley Oxnam of New York said today. Ihe church should provide "competent men to represent the moral opinion of the world at Ihe places where decisions ar made," Bishop Oxnam told delegates to the annual session of the Board of Missions and Church Extenlions. . A vigorous program by Methodists and other Protestant churches to counteract communism, fascism and atheism in Latin America was recommended to the Board of Missions and Church Extension of the Methodist Church. •l no proposals fur Latin America are part of a four-year program to double the foreign missionary staff pf the Methodist church as well as KXAR Opens Friday Noon; MBS Network KXAR, Hope's new radio station, 1490 on your dial, opens its reg- ula'r program of broadcasting at 12 o'clock noon Friday. A musical interlude will start the proceedings, followed by a three-and-a-half-minute dedication of the station by A. H. Washburn for Hope Broadcasting company. Invocation will be given by the Rev. S. A. Whitlow, pastor of First Baptist church, Hope. The program will then be turned over to Robert L. Mitchell, general manager of KXAR. and his staff. The first connection with the Mutual Broadcasting System will be at 1 p.m., the feature being "Queen for a Day." The rest of the Opening Day schedule until sign-off at 11 p.m. will consist of alternating Mutual network features and local programs which have been produced especially for this occasion. Transcribed greetings have been received by KXAR from Senators John L. McClellan and J. W. Fulbright, and Congressman Oren Harris, and will be heard during the afternoon. There will also be a transcribed greeting from the Associated Press, which has an automatic 24-hour printer in the station building. The opening of KXAR has been publicized more than any event in the history of Hope with the exception of the world-famous watermelon festivals. Yesterday's special edition of Hope Star greeting the station was only one of the publicitymoves. Hope Broadcasting company mailed out Opening Day notices: to every rural mailbox, and every postoffice boxholder in five counties: Hempstead, LaFayette, Nevada, Hovyard and Pike. • Advertisements also were carried in the two papers at Prescott. the Nevada County News and the Prescott Daily Mail; 'and in the Nashville News. KXAR will be greeted by a potential Opening Day audience of upward of 90,000. o >— Oil Industry Asks Fuel Conservation Washington, Dec. 11— (IP) — A twin-pronged drive by the petroleum industry to encourage conservation of fuel oil and supply rnore of it to shortage.'areas was Truck Runs Over, Breaks Water Line, Damages Yard A large truck was crowded ol' the road by another Vehicle last night on East Second street, the police reported today. The driver ifas l«ted as Alvin Aldrldge of Medford, Texas. When a wrecker pulled the truck back onto the road its weight broke a water line and damaged the yard of Hubert Thrash. Jews and Arabs Continue Battle, Death TolM53 By JOSEPH C. GOODWIN Jerusalem, Dec. 11—(fl 3 )—Jews and Arabs battled today in Jerusalem's old walled city in a continuation of the Holy Land strife which has taken 153 lives in 12 days. The deaths of 10 Arabs and two Jews were reported today in sporadic outbursts throjght Palestine principally in Jerusalem and the port city of Haifa. British troops blocked the gates of Jerusalem's walled city, barring the passage of both Jews nd Arabs who, panic-stricken by the violence touched off by the United Nations decision to partition Palestine, were moving out their possessions in army trucks, The death toll in the whole middle east was 269. Five Arabs were killed and another was wounded in a bomb attack on a Tel Aviv-Jerusalem Missouri , Pacific's ; * * jfa Agent R. T. Williims of .o mid Division Freight \Agent 1 Hams ot Little .Rock*' folio conferences wtih their olficia St. Louis, returned -to Hopfel a further conference.l- held >v terday afternoon au the* Cha of Commerce, with^titticUflft** representatives of the CWamb of Commerce and Hope" Deve] ment Corporation, and'advised>t the 'Missouri Pacific has agreed place -within the switching,'/ lit r of Hope, industries to 'be loom within the industrial area^of 't' Southwestern Proving Ground.jtfc bringing to a successful coriclu; a. matter which has been the' ect of prior meetings and Jconf enccs of the Chamber ofV, Cat, merce and Hope Developmenf'O poration representatives With'iS, ofifcials of the Missouri Pacific Placing industries, local withing the Southwestern ' Prov Grounds industrial area,' ''irrY< switching limits Ot Hope, 'witn able such industries to 1 shlphffi raw materials and ship. ^ !inished products via an..,.., :incs serving Hope 'and ,» ftt&it lowest freight rates affordedK either such lines; will maike'^yj able to such industries all trail rates and privileges which -.Hiis industries find are vital to thJ successful operation; • will mal available to them • r single-Ity freight rates, which on many con modities are lower than joint-ljj rates; and will afford them-cl convoy near Beith Dagan. bus . Several Arabs were believed to nave been wounded when the convoy's escort fired on a coffee shop believed to have been the source of the bomb. In the old city of Jerusalem an Arab.. was slain by bullets and his mother was killed wh6n she rushed to his assistance, an official report said. Several hundred families already have fled the walled area, which in normal times has a population of about 20,000 Arabs, 2,500 Jews and 4,000 others of mixed nationality — mostly Armenians and Greeks. A businessrifan from the . . , ,--,,, «.»«>•. vnv- A^VVV city, who left the walled region a few minutes before the gates closed, said he Tiad seen dead and wounded lying in The in the making today. At the same time, Interior Department officials announced that no government rationing of petroleum products is contemplated immediately, even though Congress should make such a step possible. C. Girard Davidson, assistant secretary of the interior, told a judiciary subcommittee . yesterday the department is willing to await the outcome of the industry's voluntary program. He expressed hope this would cut consumption by 10 per cent. The committee is considering an administration bill which would give the government power to allocate critical scarce materials. A spokesman for the American Petroleum Institute said the oil industry plans to conduct an extensive advertising campaign asking fuel oil users to use all possible conservation methods. He called it an "educational" program and said that it will gel underway immediately. > & The petroleum instilute official Continued on Page Six when Arabs occupied a synagogue and hoisted their flag 'over the building. They later were driven out by the Jews, On4 Arab was reported killed and two Jews wounded in this engagement. Arab sources said two more Arabs were killed in an attack on the wall surrounding the ghetti like Jewish quarters. These killings, together with other reported from different sections, increased to 146 the number of fatalities in Palestine during the 12 days of communal strife resulting from the United Nations decision to partition the Holy land. At Hafta, an officialjSlnnounce- ment said, a British sefftry at a military hospital was fired upon by four Jews this morning and. returned the fire, killing one of-'the Jews. Three Arabs previously wounded in street fighting in Haifa died of their injuries. The bodies of six more Arabs were found, meanwhile in an orange grove bordering the bloody Hatikvah quarter of Tel < Aviv, where an Arab-Jewish gun battle raged Monday night, The Tel Aviv- Jaffa borderland area was reported quiet, One Arab was killed and ' four were wounded by a bomb which official reports said was thrown Continued on Page Six Accomplishments Featured 1947-aSiamese Prince Did More for His Country up. the present financial aid of the church for missionary purposes in all foreign fields. u'- v wel 'e made yesterday to ine board at its aniual session by Dr. Ralph E. Diffendorfer of New York, executive secretary of Ihe board's division on foreign By HAL BOYLE New York —M 1 )— The year 1947 probably will go down in history as he one in which Uncle Sam became the pawnbroker of western civilization A backward glance discloses it also had its odd accomplishments n many other fields of endeavor. Our nominaliens: The man who did most for pos.erity: The Siamese Prince Singla, who died worn out in Ihe serv- ce of mankind leaving 180 wives, 24 recognized families and more :han 800 children. No man tried harder to be the father of his country. The most interesting homicide: The case of the 33-year-old Baltimore husband who strangled his 53-year-old lallooed bride because she beat him up and insislcd on showing her talloos lo admiring sailors. Runner-up: The man who killed his wife because she made him say, "Pretty please." in 1900 on his induction into the army two hours after his marriage. The hottest issue at the polls The question of whether to allow Sunday movies in -Parryvllle, Pa. Citizens decided yes, 58 to 47, although the village has no theater, Most depressing scientific iact: Discovery by an Eastrnan Kodak researcher that the human eye can distinguish 17,000 separate colors, 600 more than the manufacturers of Christmas neckties thought possible. ....'• Most cheerful news to the world of mice: Destruction by forest fire of a laboratory at Bar Harbpr, Me., which had developed cats with four ears and extra claws. Most thought-provoking contribu tion to agriculture: The Australian gardener who went to a circus, ob tained some fertilizer from the elephant quarters, and boosted the weight of his white turnips from rier and rates^ competition both in service's :-ates. * t& C. A. Armitage, manager of Chamber of Commerce says that! the Chamber of Commerce arid, of* Eicials of the Hope Development! Corporation are very appreciatPi*"" of the splendid cooperation evide ced.by the Missouri Pan ~ road Officials in this-mail in they have a'greed' this, industrial area to with the other rail 1 I Hope, and expresses preciatlon of the personatv«i of Industrial Agent te$9$& liams,.and Division FreigfcT A, M. ( Harris in securing'" proval of other St. Louis of their r6ad, to the, prd ,,'lir."' Harris told the "' fives'at yesterday's!, i ghi "thfcjiffissQim Pn< _>ver; th«i i>od8ibllitieff*of7thi wood ; products and that \! tion of that industry in the^ Pr Ground area was very helpfuLSin-i getting his officials to agree-.' to'^ the placing of the area' within th Hope switching limits, Nice Sort of Way to Speni 365 Days Chicago, Dec. 11 — tVf) i-Mftjjjj Nellie Mason, who is living "in $~ stenographer's dram come true- ' a year's vacation with pay j-tf ready is. looking 1 forwrd to the nc one — In 1954. l , Miss Mason has been a sterio'g- rapher for some 25 years, ,£ never until she t came to worfc '.J Mr. Glen Miller, ^president pf'<X, advertising agency, did"* she hOJ to take a year off to see the.co try and get paid for doing Hj "J But Miller- put* into practice,! plan he ahd had sfor some/fen,*, ^ granting each of his employes?-a',' year's vacation after each i*«Bc -' yeais' employment, on the sttpft-J lation it be .spent in something'* useful, such as 'travel or study,' an that the employe write the " once a week; to report on U__ her activities,, Miss Mason was first of Miller's 12 employe? to tain six years' service, and l$ftu a nationwide sightseeing tour-"i rail in July. < ^*&" She spent the first hall -of '£ year's vacation traveling in, f\ west, with trjps to CanadsQ'-fl Mexico, „ - K-f She saw pulp mills, sawmill? plywood mills; learned atjout*' sea fishing and oyster 'beds.' got "a general education-eri she said. lfiyj After spending the holidays-hi Miss Matvn will spend the »§« half traveling, having planned u to eastern cities, to her natiye-S of St. Joseph, Mo., and the south, Travel doesn't become weal some, Miss Mason said, beer s>he makes frequent Stops of al days' duration. Asked U like to spend the rest, 'qf her on the load, she replied: The tistic: most depressing The American and Telegraph Company's statement that the United States held 42,000.000.000 telephone converse lions Ihe previous year — 301 for each inhabitant. Nu figure was given on how many were wrong numbers. ; The man who did most to worry school children: The Rt. Rev, Msgr. Francis M. Kenny of Malone, N. Y., who announced he had found a way to trisect an arc. a feat held impossible by mathematicians for centuries The most reasonable husband of .Ihe year: The 69-year-old Califor- mis-1 nian who sought an annulment or ... for 24 years head of the'divorce from his wife he never had Continued on Page Six seen since he kissed her goodbye one pound to 12 1-4 pounds. ("Think what might have been achieved single sta- with fertilizer from dinosaurs," he sa'd.) Most dismaying development in the field of outdoor sport: Breed- Telephone ing of a new type ferocious rabbit that bites anything that comes near and also can punch with eith- Schools Invited to Attend Drama A one-day Drsm£'MKlint$ sored by Menders^ ptaljf Tea College in cooperatipri National Thespian Sftc held at the Henderson, in Arkadelphia on Saturds uncompromising figure in fused a ten-ceut-a-year wage crease for throwing the switch WM^^ the

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