Part Two. E LOGANSPOET JOURNAL. LOGAXSPOKT, INDIANA, SUNDAY MORJS T I.NU, SEPTEMBER 6, A JUNIOK REPUBLIC. 'UNIQUE COMMUNITY AT FREE- VILUE, NEW YORK STATE. .a. CoTernmcnt for and by tbe Children— The Tenement Unuiie» of Durkent !<>w York Supply the Cltl7.un» — How 'They .<iov«rn Thcimelvm. (Special Letter.) ESi? VISIT to the Junior Republic at Freeville, K. Y., is sufficient to demonstrate to the most skeptical mind the usefulness of Wm. R. George's original sche-me o£ allowing little girls and boys from the lowest tenement house districts in New York to try the e.xper- .iancnt of governing themselves. Such a political economist as Jere- aiiah W. Jenks has stated that he feels convinced that it is an experiment -which is not merely profoundly intcr- •esting, but also very valuable from the -scientific point of view. Furthermore, <that Mr. George is conducting the plan -on what seems to be a sound educational basis and he hopes that the republic can be allowed to develop nat- xirallv along the linos on which it has TUU so far. If has passed the experimental stage there, and he could with iiropriety transfer himself to other regions, multiplying little republics all over the country. But his presence is surely an inspiration' to those little people to whom he has greatly endeared himself and ;imong whom he feels It best for the present to live. As yet the republic is in a crude condition. They own about forty-nine acres of land. Most of this is for farm- •Inp purposes. They have a few tents and slightly constructed buildings, which the children have dignified with the names "Delmonico's," "Sherry's." the "Waldorf," etc.—hotels which are managed solely by the children. A most interesting feature of their life is the way in which'they punish their offenders. They have a prison modeled after Sing Sing, Mr. George receives many-letters containing the inquiry, "Are not the punishments meted out to the culprits, too severe?" To .which he invariably .responds with a most emphatic "no." What are the nature of the crimes for which the boys are punished? Chiefly profanity, stealing and cruelty to animals. These cases are all tried in a court with a boy judge. "When an act has been repeatedly indulged in, as in the case of one incorrigible who was twenty-nine times imprisoned, tbe verdict is three days with a diet of bread and water nnd a hard board to sleep upon. For most of 'the boye one or two experiences o£ that sort are sufficient to inculcate the lesson that obedience is demanded. Upon tbe release from prison of one boy he exclaimed to Mr. George, and is the most practical scheme which gln uk that 1 don , t Tn.-, Trtt V\fw\n /tAirlcmft fAV nnlntntr thp \ ^ there. i pauper class to bo dealt with, for If the children refuse to work they must starve. It has been satisfactorily noted that they invariably prefer to work. The whole field presents, to the political economist such problems for study as arise and are suggested by a small area and a popula- lias yet been devised for helping the •poorer classes. It teaches the children Tt-spect for themselves and respect for law, the-value of money, and how to 'sarn it. If one visits the republic with the idea that it is a toy republic one ^becomes quickly undeceived upon an introduction to it. The children, rang- iing between the ages of twelve and seventeen, are in dead earnest. They literally govern themselves. They have their own legislature and make their own laws. Provided the new-comers <)o not like the laws, Mr. George merely says, "Change them, then. If .-you do not like them." And they pro- 'ceed to change them in the usual way. "What could be better than such an opportunity to study the government o e . their country upon which they are en- •dc-avorlng to model their own. They return to ":"th~e!'f"homes with a far •greater knowledge of law than has 'been acquired by their parents during •their whole lives. Up to this period of its development Mr. George has found it best to keep ! -the power of veto In his own hands, j "but so admirably have the miniature < men and women prepared their bills I that seldom has their chief executive | been compelled to prevent enactment JOE any measures passed by the legislative body, and upon a recent visit it -was learned that even so important a position as the presidency was to be turned over to the boys this summer. ""Senators" and members of the house .-and congressmen were "running" for -office very much in the same manner SOME CITIZENS. tion living within it. The expressions on the faces ot' the children themselves point clearly to success. A PLEXUS OF HATES. Five Great Power* That Wiuto Xo Love on One Another •as their elders do. No such perplexing There are in. Europe five great pow- problems as the present financial one, ers _ En o.i an( j France, Germany, Rus"" * w " •'" The "' sia and Austria-that all hate each \how*ver, agitates their minds. is tin, and they have a single American standard which they coin ctheiEsslvee. And it goes a long way. "S : '»f if one takes twenty-five cents of .American money to their bank, one receives in return two dollars in tin imoney which Is just eight times greater 4han ours. It Is somewhat star tling to 'hear a youngster narrate to his c'om- Tades the sale of a pair of chickens for twenty dollars until one h:is been let Tinto the intricacies of their money system. Some of the children earn as much as •ninety cents a 'day, sufficient to enable them to save by the end of the season :an amount that will buy clothes 'enough with which to supply their families through tbe winter. Those clothes •are contributed by surrounding towns, :as well as food and furniture, all of -which, in addition to money, they are still much in need of. -A growing interest in tha republic is other cordially, although they make alliances between themselves whenever expendiency suggests agreement, says the Westminster Review. England hates France because they are rivals for the supremacy of. 'the world; England hates Germany because she is irritated by her presumption and her trade competition; England hates Russia because of the distant east; England hates Austria becuase she is not England. France hates England because it has Juty of England to put a the glory of all her great monarchs; France hates Germany with a racial hate; Franco hates Russia because the two peoples-are so essentially made to disagree; France hates Austria because she has always hated her. Germany hates England because England was great, before she existed and will be great when she in her present form shall have ceased to exist; Germany hates France because she fears her; Germany hates Russlaa because fate decrees that these two natlone shall cut each other's throats; Germany hates Austria because she knows Austria does not love her. Russia hates England because of the future; Russia hates France because of the past; Russia hates Germany because of the present; Russia hates Austria for every conceivable reason. Austria hates England because a debilitated nation hates a healthy one; Austria hates France,,for France has j-cbbeil her; Austria hates Germany as Esau hated Jacob; Austria hates Russia through sheer force oC circumstances. IN WOMAN'S CORNER, INTERESTING READING FOR DAMES AND DAMSELS. Contnmoi for-thn' Glrln — tittle Chance for Originality — Now Bodice* apd 8klrt«—Itutlier Novol — Hlntl for tlio Houieliold. F ELL brought up girls In our grandmothers' time were taught that homespun gowns were good them enough for and the dream ol the young maiden's fancy was the far-off day •when she might be permitted to havo a silk dress and wear her gold ring. But that was the time when the markets were not so full of fine stuffs to be bought at possible prices as they are nowadays. In these days silk can be bought cheaper than so-callorl homespun, and the tiniest maids are often' dressed in It. Even babies in arms havo white Bilk slips that are no more expensive than fine nainsook or mull. And their white faille silk cloaks are quite the ordinary thing, For summer wear silk is almost as cool as lawn and wash silk is quite as serviceable, even for 10-year-old girls. For girls who are old enough to wear separate waists and skirts, a very serviceable dress can .be made with woolen or alpaca ekirt, and waist of figured Bilk. Skirts for girls in their teens should trimmings, plain white arid all l.Jic res but after all they look very mu:h. n and there la vary little chance liar orig ir.alicy. If one wears a dress to go fishing i the best material is English flanne because it floes not shrink, and th blouse waist will be found the mo; comfortable style for the purpose. I Is very easy to make a gown of th kind;for oneself. The skirt need no be lined,- and may be sewed into two-inch belt, which Is fastened ove the blouse. The blouse should hav a broad sailor collar and a loose chem selte, which may be hooked or pinne in the neck. The'sleeves are cut bish op sty-ie and gathered into narroi bauds, which admit of being draw: up on the arm as far as desired. Thi is a very ordinary but a very comfort able yachting dress. For swell yachting trips which ar move' tor the opportunity of showin one's gown the dress shown in the pic ture Is very pretty and, what is more it is decidedly ne-w, having dispense with the usual sailor collar and em broidered anchors.—The Latest. Rnthnr NovM. Jeweled insects—butterflies and drag on files in particular—ornament man fashionable articles o£ headgear. Some times these artificial flies, particular!} the dragon flies, are wonderfully gooc invitations of nature. The French na tion excel in mimicking insect life, i: both.genuine and imitation gems a.n< metals, and the most perfect specimen of the art are seldom seen on this sid of the Atlantic. Xnw liodtcoR .ami JSfclrtN. The fancy for striking bicycle cos tumes which has ravaged Paris has penetrated in a. milder form to Eng BLACK TULLED GOWN WITH; SUFFLED SLEEVES. •IT bo!is. now GO popular, lend themsel7«s particularly well to this style. White petticoats have decidedly returned to favor. They are worn with all kinds of gowns and are appropriately elaborate. They are cut of ample: width and are of muslm or lawn,' trimmed with multiplied frills, edged with lace or embroidery and perhaps enriched with insertion as well. They are so full that a light summer gown requires no additional support to make it flare properly. An illustration is given of a costume ot taffeta and crepon. The skirt of. lavender taffeta has godets at the back and a panel of darker lavender r.ud white crepon at the left side of the tablier. The plastron, collar and close sleeves are also of crepon, the open sleeve putts, trimmed with guipure applications of taffeta. A scarf drapery cf lavender mousseline do sole adorns THE JOKER'S CORNER.: WIT, HUMOR AND SATIRE OHIO.. INAL AND SELECTED. A. Mutrlmonlal Comedy In Three Actl— Affection Dellcutely KxpreHed — A Cool Spot—Mental Strength — In th* Museum—Bo Liked .lam and Cake. the bodice and is fastened at the left side of the waist by a gold buckle, from which it falls over the ekirt panel in coquilles. The collarette is of lavender velvet and white gauze. SAID he was a nobleman— a. rich man's child was she. They loved each other madly, as madly as could be. (••YUM^'lVV, T WO SOlllS With ^'^ but a single -cSp* . thought ex- f^ pressed the matter pat- She thought he had a title and she loved him so for that. He knew she bad the plunkets—I'm not cynical, you know- But I fancy that's the reason that he loved the maiden so. A week of wedded bliss was theirs, when the parental gent Assigned and shuffled off this coil and left her not a cent— And incompatibility of temper was the plea That caused the learned Judge to grant the usual decree. So then she went upon the stage and made a great success. And he is doing every one that he can do—I guess. —R. F. 0. Coiitum* for a Bride'* Mother. ' The costume worn by the bride's mother at the wedding ceremony should be as elegant as she can afford and should not be black. Even .If the mother is in mourning.she should lay it aside for this occasion. The colors employed vary according to the age 'and figure of the wearer, but green, violet in all tones from pale to dark, bright chestnut and tobacco brown, wood'color and gray are all lilted for the purpose. Broche or striped silks and plain satin duchess are the materials usually chosen. The trimming consists of fine ace or beaded passementerie. The skirt ought to have a train of moderate ength. Skirts are now gathered at the top of the back instead o£ being laid jn ilaits. Fashion still favors light bod- ces different from the skirt. They are of mousseline, gauze, surah, batiste or pulard and are ornamented with a •oke of guipure or other lace, large square collar's or arrangements of Va- enciennes lace. Embroidery, passe- menterie and beaded trimmings are ilso much employed for adorning bod- ces. Belts in all forms are very greats' worn. High, narrow, straight, draped, ornamented, plain, they are een everywhere. They may be fas- ened by buckles, buttons, clasps, bows ir choux. Skirts remain comparatively imple as a set-off to the much-trimmed jodlces now worn. The more beautiful ho oaterial the plainer the skirt. Not hat decoration is not fashionably era- loyed upon them, however, for appli- xitions of embroidery and lace, ruffles nd ruches are all seen and are very uitable for thin gowns of wash or ther materials. be stiffened and made to stand out with as much style as those intended for older people. The waist need not be elaborately land, and sympathies of it have already appeared here. It is doubtful,however, if really well dressed women will ever "go la" for. anything much more trimmed. • Ribbon will be found suffi- | striking for the bicycle than for horse- cient decoration, it used for collar and i back, exercise. English women Indulge belt. In the Illustration the ribbon i in slashed skirts of Rrny, dark bine oi- i put on in bretelles with bows on. the shoulders and at the waist. WILLIAM R. GEORGE. [ (Founder of the Republic.) | -•apparent. Such contributions as that j •of the mayor o£ New York city for :?225; $100 from Ida Fuller; the proceeds of Boutley'e circus for one day; ,Sr>,000 from the New York Journal, provided $15,000 are raised, indicate faith iin a plan which is something more stban merely Utopian. It has been stated that so well has . ."Mr.' George established this little republic that ills work is practically done. A Stone Home, On St. Kilda's island, which lies in ihe Atlantic eighty-two miles west of the main island of the Hebrides, a house belonging to the stone age has •been discovered, with a number of stone weapons, hammers and axes. There are only seventy-one inhabitants on the island, which is 4,000 acres in extent. The minister is at the same time the doctor and the school teacher. He sails to the main land once a year to shoo * h <» whole island. LIUlo Ctmnce tor Orlclnnllty. There is no costume for specific occasions that is so difficult to vary as the boating gown. It is nearly always made with a blazer Jacket and a V neck, with anchors embroidered on all the available places. There Is usually a broad sailor collar, perhaps a.chic little pocket, and with It Is worn a white sailor hat or a jaunty^yachtlng cap. All the possible varieties in color have been tried. There are gowns of blue, with white trimmings, white with red-or yellow, red or-blue with gold other dull, staid shades, the slashings exhibiting an underskirt of yellow, red, pink or some other brilliant color, and the hat being trimmed to match. The new waists -ira making up in shoulder ruffles what they lack in sleeves, although in some of the most approved models the sleeves are no smaller than heretofore. Ribbons are vnry beautiful this year,.and enter into the composition .of many charming bocMces. Sometimes there are bands of ribbons alternating with lace Insertion, sometimes embroidery or mousse- line, de sole .takes the place of the lace. Usiyally. the stripes are arranged to run lengthwise. .Of course a silk lining to match IB required. The flowered rlb- I'llntu for tlio HouKohoId. In a sick room where there is a fevei atient the temperature may be lowered uickly by hanging up sheets wrung ut of ice or very cold water and fas- ening them t.o the doors and walls. Any stain from fruit on table linen hould be looked after before the linen put to soak iii water which there is ny soap. Hold the stained places over vessel and pour boiling water through This is better than soaking In ater, as it prevents the stain from preading. Clover blossom tea is said to be an \cellent thing to purify the blood and improve the complexion. Clover is now in full bloom, and if the blossoms are not wanted for use now gather them and place them in paper bags, tie the bags to keep out the dust and hang in a dry place. Red clover blossoms are excellent to use for stuffing and making sweet pillows or mixing with sweet clover, rose leaves, lemon shrub, or any fragrant shrubs or blossoms that you may gather. Make a muslin pillow cover and fill it very full with the blossoms, putting'just a sprinkling ofgsalt in with them, and also a very few ground spices. Sew up the cover and keep It in a dry place until the blossoms are dried. Then with the hands knead the pillow to make the blossoms fine and cover with some pretty, thin material. Such a pillow will retain its fragrance for a long time. I.«K«nd of th* One day as a Magpie had taken a seal on a limb of a tree near the highway, two travelers came along and halted under the tree to rest. They soon observed the bird, and never having seen one of its species before, one of them called out: "Behold the eagle! What a nobl» bird!" "How beautiful! how grand!" added tbe other. Filled with conceit, the Magpie began to chatter her satisfaction at these words, but she had scarcely opened her month when one of the "travelers exclaimed: | "What fools we are! I know from • what I have read that this bird is only a common Magpie." "And let her begone!" added his friend, as he picked up a stone and sent it whizzing at her head. Moral—A crow which had heard and seen it all without being noticed himself, now scratched his ear and murmured: "If some fol>3 would only keep their mouths shut what credit they might get for what they don't know."—New York World. TVftttln? Good Material. From the Chicago Post; "I don't think very much of Wm," said the girl in blue. "Why, I thought I saw him throwing kisses to you on the beach," expostulated the girl ia white. "You did," 'answered the girl in blue. "That is why I say I don't think very much of him. He isn't as strong mentally as I should like a man to be." "I don't believe I quite follow you." "Why, think of the absurdity and the •waste of throwing from a distance what ought to have been delivered ia person?" In tbn The bride who finds a spider on hci wedding'.dress may consider herself blessed. ' :,- Manager—"What's the matter with the glass-eater?" Fat Girl—"He's got a puncture." D«llcatcl.v Exprrnnod. They were anxious to break it to her gently, for she was very fond of the homely dog with the pink ribbon • around his neck. "Where is Hector?" she asked. "Oh, he's out." "Playing?" "Urn—yes—I s'pose you might call it a frolic." "Where Is he?" "Well, the last I saw of Hector h«. was on his way to a pound party." Intellectual AdTaticnmcnt* Th& freshman entered the library. "Can. you tell me," asked he, ,"whcr» I can find Milton's 'Paradise Alley'F* —Princeton Tiger.
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