Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on December 10, 1947 · Page 20
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 20

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Hope, Arkansas
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Wednesday, December 10, 1947
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w^f^s^y^^^^^v^^v^^v?^ HOPE STAR, HOPE, ARKANSAS Wednesday, December 10,1947 irrain Has tearing on lone Sales rtWashtngton —Distribution of the JfiliOTt's 94,000 airplanes reflects Kfl'tfetee big factors in private flying 8*?\7-terrain, weather and wealth. |* s ' the Pacific coast, thc Southwest 'id Florida show by the frequency >black areas on a map prepared Goodyear Aviation Prod- Division) from government t'jsi&Ustica their possession of alt items. ^ v ..«..j industrial sections of Illinois, Nte'Michigan. Indiana, Ohio, Pennsyl- Sfkvonia, Ne\v York arid New Eng- j^f'lfead, also s.how sizeable cohcen- |' frations Of planes, although some _. >v -&t these sections do not offer the ?f u f best iiymg weather or the smooth "** *, tst terrain. /- The rusted mountain country in uflfcw West and Southeast, with thin or sub-average per cap Bears the Stamp of Happiness 8W»«, V Coai't, incomes, naturally nave fewer ', planes. Between those two groups &, 1 is a great farming area, Wheie f , ihoney is more liKcly to be spent >> 'on tractors than airplanes. ,' ' 'A detailed count showed 81,000 i 'civil planes registered at the start •" e* this 1 year, and Since that time M about 14,000 have been produced. l r /^ernaps 2,000 to 3,000 of those are f ' ift commercial 01 business use. "" .Oaiuoiiiia, with Moo planes reg- . 5 "islered on Jan. 1, and lexas, with Reproduction of a British envelope, above, shows the special lover s knotSrint, bearing the initials "E" and "P" which was stamped on all letters to commemorate the wedding of Princess Elizabeth and Philip. Duke of Edinburgh. x Y,709, have no close for top honors. Ohio contestants ranks third . . f's with 4,448. Of the Nation's 3,072 cdunties, 425— one in seven— had no aircraft registered. The Civil Aeronautics Administration reported in a survey in October that private planes averaged only 183 hours flying time last year and that only 17 percent of that flying was for personal use. The great restraining factor is cost. Two-place private pianos sell for more than $2,000 to around $4 000, and the annual operating cost is around $1,000 and up. Lack of utility because if limited airport and navigational facilities and the complexities of regulation also contribute heavily to the relatively small use of personal planes. BEST WISHES TO Broadcasting Co. On the Opening Friday Noon.. .Dec. 12 of Hope's New Radio Station 1490 On Your Dial 4 HOPE BUiLDER'S SUPPLY COMPANY x-. KraoxDiesat Fort Smith Fort Smith, Dec. 8 —(/P)— Rober arr Knox, 55, El Dorado, formei ssociate justice of the Arkansar upreme Court, died early today i a Fort Smith hospital. He had ome here several weeks ago for reatmcnt of an illness with which e was stricken four years ago. Knox, who served on the cottr rom April 1944 until January 1 955, is survived by a brother, John /I. Knox, Little Rock, and two sis ers, Mrs. T. J. Compton, Prescott nd Miss Effie Knox, Booneville. He was appointed to the high ourt by former Governor Homer it. Adkins to fill thc vancancy ere atcd by the death of Ben E. Carter 'exarkana. He was succeeded by Minor Millwee of DcQueen. Knox had thc distinction of serv ng in all three branches of stale government — executive, legisla- ivc and judicial. Kis final job, that of supreme court justice, climaxed a legal Career dating back to 1914 when it thc age of 22 he began praclic- ng law in partnership with his lather, the late James C. Knox of Wonticello. During his lifetime he also served ;is assistant attorney general in the executive branch and as state sena- —_ - mayor of Monicello, Drew County judge, general Democratic State commit:e. Born in Monlicello, April 19, 1892 Knox attended school at Monticello and was graduated from the University of Arkansas and Harvard Law school. While serving as assistant to Attorney General John D. Arbuckle in 1919, Knox participated in several important cases including the Elaine race riot suits. He entered private law practice in Little Rock in 1921 and the following year was elected state senator from the tenth district comprising Pulaski and Perry counics. tor in the legislative. He also had been Transcript Puts Whole Show on Disc Radio listeners hear the announcer say that a certain piece 01 tnusic is played by "transcrip- :ion", but another time he says ;fic piece is a "record" — they really are two different things. A record is just what you play on your home phonograpn. It is either 10 or 12 inches in diameter, and its playing speed is 78 revolutions a .minulc. Even the best home records have considerable sunacc noise in the music due to tiic material thc discs are made of. But a transcription is a professional disc manufactured principally for broadcasting stations. A transcription usually is 16 inches in diameter, it turns at 33 1/3 revolutions a minute, and will play continuously tor 15 minutes. It shows almost no surface noise in the music. If bought .at the stores in competition with phonograph records a transcription would cost many times more—but the transcriptions that radio stations use aren't bought; they are leased. Hope's new radio station, KXAR, 14UO on your dial, uses transcriptions by Lang-Worth, the recording division of Columbia Broadcasting System. Lang-Worth has supplied KXAR with a library of 4,000 musical selections, and will furnish 1,- 5GO more, pro-rated monthly' over a two-year contract. For this the radio station pays Lang-Worth a monthly fee, Holding the library and thc additional new selections snipped monthly, only as long as the contract is in cifect. The transcription service has two advantages besides the superior quality of the discs themselves: (1) It embraces all kinds of music, giving a background of melodies that never grow old, and adding new tunes from the popular field monthly; and (2) with a transcription disc five or more pieces of music are arranged on a single plate, with intervals Between the songs for announcements— thus giving a complete 15-rmnute show on a single transcription. In addition, of course, the radio station starts off with several hundred phonograph records, mostly popular music, wnich will be added to iTo-m month to month. Ouviously, all radio stations employ special turntables which will play either the smallest records or trie largest transcriptions, and at either 78 or 33 1/3 revolutions per minute. That Donald Duck call which you hear over some stations when the disc jockey late at night is clowning around is the effect produced when the operator deliberately plays a transcription (33 1/3 rpm's) at the 78 rpm's that a phonograph record uses. When he throws tne switch back to slow- speed thc transcription returns to normal tone. The copyrighted music reproduced by radio stations either with live talent or on transcriptions or records is paid for by the station through contracts with the three organizations representing tne musical composers: ASCAP, BMI and SESAC. The Hope station, KXAR, has contracts with all three, payable either with.a flat monthly lee or a percentage arrangement. Mu- Old 'New Look' Marga Dieterle, 18, dons a long- Americans Have Longer Lease on Life BY JAMES THRASHER means. He NEA STAFF Correspondent New York (NEA) —It may seem like a harder job every day to make ends meet. But at least tnere is one side dish of comfort in the present situation. Today's average American has a longer lease on life than ever before in our history in which he may try to perform that economic miracle. The long-suspected fact that A- mcricans are living'longer these uays is now official. Life insurance companies have just adopted a newly revised mortality table, and the keepers of the longevity box score now figure the average life expectancy at 65.8 years. That's a gain of 16.6 years in less than half a century. Staticians say that record has never been approached in man's history and, like Babe Ruth's 60 home runs in one year, may never be broken The new mortality table is the first official one in this country since 1868. Its appearance is at least partly a public relations gesture. Irate, misinformed policy holders had been complaining tnat it was ridiculous to base their re- miums on an 89-year old forecast of life expectancy, and that they were getting gypped. Actually, the insurance companies have been keeping up with the advancing length of life pretty well even though the 1868 table was still the basic one. They did this antee the holders of participating johcies around 3 or 3 1-2 per cent nterest. But with their present earnings they feel tms is unsate. bo, on or beiore Jan. 1, the great majority 01 tnem will scale ciown tne guaranteed rate to 2 a-4, 2 1-2 or even 2 per cent. An insurance statistician offered to try 10 explain wnat ail ihis means. He SIJUKC slowiy ana cautiously and usfcd snort words in ih'e optimistic hope mat a iujman might unaersianu. A lower guaranteed interest rate, he said, would tend to increase premium costs on new policies. At tne same ume, tne new mortality late would tend to decrease them. Net result: IIOL much change. He also empnasiised Pitmiunis wouldn't uc aliected on existing policies, aithougn dividends mignt be a little less uii tnc participating kind. Inere is one other change, which has lo do wilh a different way of computing the cash surrender value ol a policy. An explanatory pamphlet wmc'n the statistician passed along said ot tms step mat "companies will recognize me equities to policy holders in dealing with the situation that results irom the use of the interest differential. In case it still isn't clear, the slalistician said this new procedure would end—another end, that is— to increase a policy's cash value. He also included in his explanation a dozen or so ifs, buts and exceptions. The prospect of a longer lue may cncuurage you to delve into the 'study ol tnem. Your own insurance agent will probably be glad to Iry to help you understand ihcm. snould live so long. California grows 30,000 or more tons of almonds a year. Methodist Women Would Abolish Church Segregation Buckhill Falls, Pa., Dec. 9 —(/P) —The Woman's Division of Christian Service lor the Methodist church has recommended that the general conference at its meeting f in Boston next April abolish the ^ principle of racial segregation in the church. At Duncan, Miss., Oscar Wolfe, president pro tem of the Mississippi Slate Senate and a prominent member of the Methodist church in that state, said a plan to abolish the principal of racial segregation in the church would 'mean a splitting up of the church again." "I think that's what they plan to do (abolish segregation)", he said last night. "It will ruin the Methodist church as far as the south in corncerned, the Methodist people in the south will not stand by what they -call "weighting:" skirted Guatemalan costume, on :lhat is, they studied various med- display at Chicago's Natural ical and mortality reports, evalua- History Museum, to prove the New Look is as old as the well- dressed Mayan belle of three centuries ago. Terrier Is Defersse Witness in Murder Trio! ted their own and other companies' experience, and made continuing adjustments which they felt were pretty accurate. But now the 65.8 figure is on the record book for all to see. One company at least thinks that, with the advance of medical and sanitary science, fulfillment of the Biblical promise of three score and ten isn't more than a decade or two away. (Actually, archaeologists ... ... . _ .. ._ . , mathe-meticians and other scientif- Ncw York, Dec 9 — (/P)—.A clog lc snoopers, flying in the face of was called as a defense witness :-n t hc Scriptures, sav that life ex- a manslaughter case in Bronx county court yesterday. The division, a policy making group of 1,303,452 Methodist women, rdported its action yesterday at the opening session of the board of missions and church extension to the Methodist church. The recommendation is aimed at thc organization of the church whichset up a separate jurisdiction for Negroes when the northern and southern groups were in 1939. The Methodist church has six jurisdiction, five of them based on geographic boundaries. Thc sixth, the central jurisdiction, embraces Negro', churches spread over two- thirds of the United States. Flint is a variety of quartz. Judge Harry Stackcll instructed Defense Counsel Samuel Segal to call his next witness in the trial of say pectancy in Biblical times was only about 22 years.) A lot of people who are wondering what tangible benefits, over. and above social security, they are | Svcnd O. Sandgren, charged with going to get from this promised second-degree manslaughter as the owner of a pack of bull terriers accused of causing the death July 1 of 11-year old Stanley Balban. Segal explained he wanted to prove bull terriers are gentle and to exhibit the formation of teeth so the jury could compare their arrangement with marks the medical examiner's report said were on xhe boy's body. Segal then placed on the stand "Wonder," a three-year-old bull terrier relative of one of Sand- grcns dogs, which were destroyed after Stanley died. Wonder, owned by Mrs. Platt Bennett; of Dallas, Pa., wagged longer life. Among other things, they are wondering about the cost of life insurance. The insurance people saved up this nice little longevity surprise to spring along with another one which is unavoidable but not so pleasant. The rate of earning on life insurance investments — and most other safe investments—has been declining while our life expectancy has been rising. It has gone down from 5.25 per cent in 1925 to 2.92 per cent at present. A general practice of life insurance companies has been to guar- the teeth. his tail and looked around the "Have you anything to say," thc courtroom, but he declined to co- court asked Assistant District At- operate when Segal tried to open his mouth. However, Mrs. Bennett torney Marvin Lechtman. opened the animal's mouth and the ' plied. "No question," Lechtman re- Hope Broadcasting Co. .and the Entire Staff of Hope's New Radio Station it: 1490 On Your Dial <<y ?&>' On the Formal Openi Friday Noon...Dec, 12 sic transmitted by the Mutual network is cleared with the com posers' organizations by Mutual itself. In addition to the records and transcriptions KXAR has two of the newest inventions on the market today for making transcriptions of local talent, or speeches, or for recording network programs and playing them back over thc air on a delayed broadcast. These machines are Brush magnetic tape recorders. The Brush tape recorder puts music on a quarter-inch paper tape by magnetic impulse. Tiic paper tape is covered with an ink tnat is impregnated with iron, enabling the tape to be magnetized. After the recording has been played over .he air the tape is run 'back through the machine, demagnetized, and used over and over again lor hundreds of ditlercnl subjects. KXAR has had two brush tape recorders here since July, and will expand this or similar equipment as the months go by so that many programs can be brought into the station from the rural area where telephone service is not good enough for a direct wire. The Brush tape recorder will hold a continuous program of more than 30 minutes, and thc machine is so simple that anyone can operate if after a few hours' instruction and practice. Thus many a rural program can bo recorded nnd delivered to the station without requiring one of the KXAR staif to leave the building. The limitation on rural program- ing ior small-city radio stations always has been the excessive demands on trained manpower, for every time a member of the staff goes out on a remote; assignment someone back ;it tho station must "double up" for him on routine duties. The tape recorders, will overcome this difficulty. "All this was testified to by KXAR representatives when tho Hope Broadcasting company was in hearing iii Washington Novembei l-(i, I!i46, more than 14 months p.go. It attracted special intcres from the FCC examiner, because KXAR disclosed at that hearinj, that many rural telephone lines iu the Southwest are huny on REA or other powerline poloj, creating a hum that makes tho telephone hies unfit for radio iransmissioi purposes. Simple magnetic tup recorders such as the Brush wen quoted at that time a.s being th practical answer to this ditl'iculty— and now they are here luady to d a specific job for rural program hit.; by county agc>nts and consoli dated schools. As far as quality is coucernec you have already heard tl.e Brus tape recorder's music and voice on several stations that reach the Hope territory and you couldn't delect uny difference irom a standard disc recording. o Leader Dies in Prague Prague —(&)— Ji-"'ij Cyz. 43, one oi the foremost leaders, died recently in Prague. The Lusatian Sorbs are the last remnant of a Slav population of Germany which in the Midodie Ages reached us far west as the Elbe. The Sorbs are asking full minority rights under a German peace treaty, jurors leaned forward to gaze at Th aitn was mcu e. On the Opening of Hope's New Rad§o Station FRIDAY NOON - DEC. 12 To Hope's New Radio Station 1490 on Your and the entire STAFF Malco Theatres Inc. Earl Young, Manager KXAR, KXAR Model Station Built Edwards Tho KXAR building, one and a half miles north of the heart of Hope on Stale Highway No. 29, was built by B. W. Edwards, who put up thc Hcmpstcad county jf courthouse and who is a director in Hope 1 Broadcasting company. Thc building was started September 2, 1047,. and was finished November 28. It is 32 by 54 feet, constructed of buff brick with interior tile walls, an asbestos slate roof and asphalt tile floors. Steel frame windows arc used throughout the building, with special tilted double-glass panels looking into the studio interior from three sides, giving a clear view of a "live" show but at thc (f\Vsame time guarding against intrusion of noise. Thc building was designed by Contractor Edwards from an extensive collection of sample radio station plans, none of wnich met exact local needs. After examining other stations, and in consultation with Chief Engineer L. B. Tooley as to mechanical requirements, Mr. Edwards made the final floor plan. Thc building' has been highly praised by visiting radio men as a model 250-watt "local" jfyplant, both as to durable construction and interior arrangement. A special feature ot tna building is its floating foundation. A reinforced concrete frame was laid on lop ot the, ground, and a concrete slab poured on top of this, ft was Mr. Edwards' idea—knowing the destructive movement of hope's soil between wet and dry seasons —that ill tho building changed its postofficc address it would at least be all in one piece. The building is air-conditioned ifcand heated through a central system by Carrier, furnished by A. W. Johnson company of Tcxarkanu. The central system covers all but an eight-foot section across the south end of the building, which was cut off from the working quarters because this 8-by-32-foot room houses thc Collins transmitter and its 2,000 watts of heat. The transmitter gauges are clearly visible, however, as required by FCC regulations, through an insulated double-wall glass separating this |& work room from the control room. This is a brand new feature wilh the KXAR building, and attracted interest , at the federal inspection December 1. The building ceiling . throughout is protected with a four- inch layer ot rock wool. KXAR provides an unusally large studio, 17 by 22 feet, with the OVa-l'oot ceiling that prevails throughout the building. Both the studio and the control room ara ceilingcd and walled with Heerwagon acoustical tile, purchased « ufrom the famous radio supplier at Fayetleville, Ark.. In the studio is a Baldwin Acrosonic piano bought from Melody shop, Tcxarkana, an instrument of full-length strings despite its small size. The studio runs along Ihe west wall of the building. Adjoining it on the north end are a combination office and audition room, 12'/> by 13 feet, with plate glass giving a view into the main studio; and, on the northcasl corner of Ihe building thc manager's office, 13 by 814 feet. Between these two offices W is a four-foot room housing the air-conditioning and heating units. On thc front, or east, side' is the reception room or outside office, 29 by 13 feet, with restrooms adjoining. Adjoining the south end of the studio, on Ihe west wall of the building, is the control room, 8 by 17 feet, housing Ihe operating console, tiie turntables and the storage cabinets for transcriptions and records. South of both thc control room '•If and the reception room is the 8-foot section of the building, running the whole width of 32 feet, which t houses Ihe transmitter and workshop, and is not air-conditioned. In this room also is the great switchboard where are the terminals for KXAR's 14 telephone lines, comprising 10 remote lines to points about town (including six churches), a spare line, the Mutual Broadcasting System line, the Assoeialed Press wire, and two local 'phone lines. 9 The building is bordered on the cast front and south end by a concrete walk serving the main entrance and also the door to the transmitter and work room on the south end. The driveway comes in to a parking lot on the north end of the building, and this lot will be improved to accomodale a large number of cars when KXAR is playing a local show with particu larly wide interest. ' NeilR.Baird as Announcer Neil R. Baird, 28, has joined KXAR's staff of announcers from Radio Station KRKN, Fort Smith. Mr. Baird, a native .of Tulsa, Okla., is married and has one child. He is a member of the Christian church. General Rain Hits Most of Arkansas Little Rock, Dec. 9 — (/P)— Occasional rain and slightly warmer weather in Arkansas was forecast for tonight and Wednesday by the weather bureau here today in the wake of an overnight cold snap •.vhich sent the mercury to subfreezing levels in some sections of the stale. Gilbert had a low of 18 for the "euld spot title. Batesville reported 2, Harrison 22, Morrillon 30, and Newport 31. Near freezing marks were posted at Fort Smith Which had a 33, Arkadelphia and Little Rock, 34, and Pine Bluff 35. Hope Rod/o Station, to Open at Noon .-.'-. '! '&$* ' I 2fi^$i KXAR Genera! Manager as engineer James Dcwey Gardner, 23-year- old Navy veteran, joined the KXAR staff this week as an engineer. He is a native of Queen City, Texas. Mr. Gardner has just been graduated from Tyler Commercial college. He is accompanied to Hope by Mrs. Gardner and their 7- months-old baby girl. Mr. Gardner is a member of the Baptist church. in _ , .„, , — Hope Star photo r, ,, R V L> M li che L'' ? eneral manager of KXAR, was born Dallas, Texas, May 26, 1906. He was graduated from Terrell School for Boys, and took his B. A. degree at Tri-State colleae. His first radio experience dates back to 1930 wTien he had his own dance band on CBS, "Band of Romance" with "Bob Littleton" (his middle name). Later he had extensive newspaper and insurance company advertising xeperienoe, and in 1940 joined WKY, Oklahoma City, as salt's representative. In 1941 he was made sales manager of WKY- and in 1943 was appointed manager of KVOR, Colorado Springs, but had to be hospitalized for a major operation. In 1944 he became local sales manager of KMBC, Kansas City, Mo. In 1946 he resigned from KMBC to join the staff of Tracy Locke Advertising Agency, Dallas, handling the Burris Mills Light Crust Doughboys and other accounts. He formed his own advertising agency in September, 1946, but sold it in ordtv to join KXAR as general manager in Octot-r, 1947. Mrs. Elizabeth Bannister has joined KXAR as secretary. Born and reared in Hope, she attended the local schools and Lindenwood college, St. Charles, Mo.. She has had six years' experience in secretarial and personnel work at Southwestern Pruvins Ground and other war plants. She is a member of First Methodist church, is married, and has daughter. —Hope Star photo Luthor B. Tooley, chief engineer for KXAR, was born in Vernon, Texas, 31 years ago, moving to Hope in 1E<i3. He formerly was part-owner of Cobb-Tooley Radio company hc're. He has had 12 years' experience in radio, being instructor In radar at Lexington, Ky., head of the electronics department of tho Southwestern Proving Ground here, and an engineer for the Eighth Service Command Headquarters, San Antonio, Texas. He is an amateur radio operator with license for Station W-5-HVV. Mr. Tooley is a member of First Baptist church, and he arid Mrs. Tooley and their two children live at 1024 Park Drive. U. S. Radio Stations to Total 2,250 by End of Next Year KXAR, 1490, Hope, Ark., is just one ot <:,0uu u S. oroaacastlng stations as 1947 draws to a close. And by tne end of 1U48 the Federal Communications Commission oxi-ccls the total to level off at 2,- 2ou—wnich compares with a prewar toial of s)00. Broadcasting installations wore booming betoic tne war, but hostilities dwelled all equipment to the armed forces. How the back-log of demand lor local stations swamped the i-'CC is. shown by its own figures as of December 1, 1047:Stations actually licensed 1,453; under constructi6n or aoout to lake the air (such as KXAH) 482— an authorized total of 1,985. In audition, there aie 385 application in hearing, and 282 in the pending file—for a grand total of -,002. But conflicts in the hearings will eliminate many of the later applications, and tne FCC expects the final total of operating stations to be around 2,25U. Which would put ~a radio station in every city able to support a daily paper—and a couple of hundred over. Broadcast in One of the things that puzzles tolks when their old home town gets a radio station is that the broadcast doesn't tiavcl as far at night as it docs in the daytime. As everyone knows, the long- range stations which aren't heard m Hope in the daytime suddenly spring to life when the sun goes down. How come, then, that a local station has g -eater range in the day and Icht, at night. Take the case of KXAR. It should covei a radius of GO 1 to 80 miles around Hope in the daytime, far beyond the city's actual trading territory —but at night the signal, instead of spicading out for hundreds of miles, will probably be cut back to just the trading zone. Why? Well, KXAR's transmitter during equipment tests between 1 a.m. nnd 4:30 a.m. November 29 actually reached out some 2,000 miles. The Hope station was heard clearly and in good volume at Fort Resolution Northwest Territory, Canada, 600 miles north of Edmonton, Alberta province. Other verfied reports showed KXAR reached such distant points as these: Lincoln, Nebr.; Walnutport, Pa.; Dubuque, la.J Hamilton, Ohio; Cleveland, Ohio; Rapid City, S.D.; Albuqjerque, N.M.; Elizabeth City, N.C.; Elberson, N.J.; and Rodney Mich.. .' Before all the mail returns are 1 J' 1 , 0 , Hope station's signal will probably have been reported overseas also, for 250-watters do reach Hawaii But only on equipment tests —between the non-broadca&ting hours of 1 to 6 a.m.. Because all broadcasting stations are more powerful at night the federal government arbitrarily reduces their range by overloading certain frequencies on your radio dial. Take KXAR for instance. Its broadcasting frequency is 1490 k.c.. But aCXAR is only one of 157 stations broadcasting on 1490 k.c.. .These" are known as "locals." bpaced at intervals of not less than 85/miles apart, they do not interfere with one another in daytime broadcasting. But at night—all of them being more powerful —they drive each other back to then- own trading territory limits. Stations in this section which broadcast on the same frequency as KXAR 1490 k.c., are: KPLT, Paris, Te , xas ' to the west; KXHJ, Russellville, Ark., to the north; KOTN Soi C To B1 S f£ '. Arlc " to the easl ! an d 9.VI; R i" s ! on ' La - to the south. .OfNo. 1 importance to a "local" station, therefore, is a good "ground system"—a mass of wire buried in the earth and radiating out from the base of the tower like the spokes of a wheel—for this, and pot the tower, is what gives strength to the daytime signal, KXAR's installation consists of 120 wires 180 feet long, and 120 wires 50 feet long spaced between the longer ones—a total of nearly six miles of wiie buried in a huge circle around tho tower. It is a much larger ground syitem than required by Continued on Page Two KXAR Owned by 10 Hope Men; Acknowledgment !s Made to Contractors and Suppliers Hope Broadcasting Company, owner and operator of Radio Station KXAR, has the following stockholders, all of Hope: A. H. Washburn, president; Roy Anderson, vice-president• A AlbriUon. secretary-treasurer. Directors: B. R. Hanim, B. W. Edwards, Claud H. Button, Thomas F. McLtuty. Tcilbot l-'eild, Jr., C. E. Cassidv R D Franklin. Following are thc facts on the company's eqi-irmeul and construction for KXAR: Broadcasting equipment was furnished on a blanket order by Collins Radio company of Cedar Rapids, Iowa It is ull new and ot thc most efficient and durable design. The towar and ground-wire.' system were erected and installed by Johnnie Andrews, Fort Worth (Texa:;) tower man'ifacturer and contractor. The tower, 150 feel high (151 including base), is f-jur- sided, measuring 16 inched across each side. It is supported-by foul- systems of double guy wires. The ground-wire system spreads out around the tower in a circle 360 feet in diameter, containing nearly six miles of No. 10 bare copper wire buried in th>3 earth. The KXAR building was constructed for the company by B. W. Edwards on his own design. Foreman on the iob was Milton Gloghoru. Sub-contractors were: City Electric company. Hope, s kju'-i-\_i_»:n. ,11.LUIs wc;u. UJLV c,iut tne company, nope, ail wiring; Harry Shiver, Hope, plumbing; A. W. Johnson company, rexarkana. Carrier air-conditioning and central hcatin-j; Cuving- ton Roofing company, Conway, asbestos slate roof; Peters Glass company, Trxarkana; glass and glazing work; Heerwugc-n Acoustic Decoration company, Fayetieville, the accouslic tile to dampen sound in the studio and control rcum e MifchelS and Tooley Head KXAR Staff: Station Member of Mutual Network, AP News Hero is tiic KXAR staff: Robert L. Mitchell Luther G. Tooley \V. R Nickols Mai shall Hendrix . Leo W. House, Jr. Nt-il R. Baird '.'.'.'.'.' Glac'mau W. Upchurch ... James D. Gardner * Elizabeth Bannister '.'",'_ Herman Webb ....'..'.' General Manager ,, Chief Engineer •••• Commercial Manager Program Director & Chief Announcer Announcer Announcer Engineer Engineer Secretary Janitor r-.XAU broadcasts on the assigned frequency of 1 uulimiteij r.oiu-i, with an authorized power of 250 watts. llu> oulv broadcasting schedule will be from 6 a. p. m. — and 7 a. in. to 11 p. m. on Sunday 1490 Ic. c., m, to 11 of tn own KX.Ul i a jii'jinbcr of the Mutual Broadcasting System; and K'd ^ Press, boin a .served with a 24-hour leport on its printer at thc station. Hi '! ldr ' x ' program director and chin' announcer for , is 20, a native of Ridgeway, Ttixai. He was an aviation radio man in the Navy for six years, and served as 1st radioman aboard a l\ t .vy patrol bomber based on Tinian and | wo Jima. For the past year, since- his .discharge from the Navy, he was employed as music r *l-ri «. ?on =5 T| =' ul P hur Springs, Texas. He anil Mrs. HenUrix reside at 420 Edaewood, Hope. Afknu..vi<.'d',iJieiit is made to the following for s.eivices duiing the 14 moi.lii.s required to ac-t KXAR on the air: ... , .l^U'.ei'.o L Burke yf Hayes & Hayes, Attorneys Muasey Bldg., Wa-shmyton 4. D. C. IVjr. Burke handled all the Washington legal matters, mciiains the hearing before the FCC in Washington November 1-fa. 1946. Hurold B. Rothrock, Consulting Radio Engineer, 1908 Bye St.. N. \V., Washington 6, D. C.. Mr Rothrock prepaitil the various surveys and eiiginet-iing reports covering the 14J3U frequency sought by Hope, and supported the application wita expert testimony at the Washington hearing. Chief Ent'itieu- Tooley, who installed the broadcasting equipment, and pas.ied tests and federal inspection with flying colors, General Manager Mitchell, who asscmble-i the announcer staff and sei up the business end oC the station. Victor Cobb and Paul Khpsch, Jor part-time aid au4 advice oa engineering. On From 6 a.m. * .-Vjt 3V •t\,!&3 ViV < I 490 ?, > broadcasting station, o,itfe,iir debuttaf 12'O'cl Cetitrfal Standdrd Time" day, December 12. -A . The broadcast will originate the studio In s thc new KXAR bu Ing on the north side of Hope,' State Highway 29. ..{ . *. _ The inaugural broadcast" include introduction of public " ficials and other guests, 'ahd<y then move into a diversified " gram. KXAR is a member of Mutual network and thc Associate Press, both of which wires^ & already installed and operating; Opening Day will run 4 un slgn-oif at 11 p.m., but beginnJ Saturday, December 13. KXAR M observe the tollowing broadc schddule:- , 6 a.m. to 11 p.m. 7 a.m. to 11 p.m. on Sunc It took 14 months to on the air. • Hope Bowdcasting com application ^as. filed in Wa ton t D.C., October 9, 1948.' application ran-into a contest^.'i suiting in a hearing before>a l 'F eral Communications Commiiis examiner in Washington Nove 1-6, 1046. Hope was granted the 1400 frequency in an FCC order' adop June 12, 1047, and published',. following day. The i«'CC decisio was made final 20 days" later.vJ' V The broadcasting company, ord ed equipment, from Collins! Radi company, Cedar Rapids, is'l& purchased: five and >a half; 'ac on State High '20N t from' Ho Luck for plant site— and awai 1TCC and Civil Aeronautics Admi istration approval of site befor^ beginning construction. ' t \ v ,\ Uovcrnment approved the' plan and tower site August '27, ari construction or the building was started by Contractor B. w,' waids September 2. The ground-wire system, <;om prising nearly six miles of ,'No 10 bare copper wire, was insta and the loU-toot tower innate November by Jo drews, steel contractor Wor^h, Texas. Building and plant were nounced complete November , Broadcasting equipment ,wa tested an$ declared okeh Novembe . f Federal inspection by the Orleans * off ice of the FCC -was! made December 1 and the proper was approved. • , ? The FCC telegraphed - fr Washington December- 5 permisi to, begin , program tests Hondas December 8—the final word iha puts a station on the air or^allo it to announce,! a definite open; 'date. ^New stations operate^ , "program test", < although 6n,>re lar schedule, until 4he formal,v«. cense is issued, usually a mattet of 30 days or so. t And that's the story of 14 and a new radio station. How KXAR Get a Name ., Picking call - letters" for** a" ne radio station is a ' "Qifficult^oli nowadays. ' r ri* This is how Hope's new static got KXAR. - ,,<f The first selection attempte<Jl\W obvious. "Hope" is-a-four4erte« word, and since all stations^, J5»; censed west of the Mississippi " begin with "K" (stutitms sa of the Mississippi start with ' first choice was KOPE. Hope didn get it. KOPS belongs to some jfaer chant ship. -" «' (Incidentally, regarding Mississippi river line and W. vpu are going to obieti that WC5A1, San Antonio, T starts with W although it-is' of the Mississippi and oughj^j start with K, But, San Antomdi station was founded in 10JS2,'Icf- before the FCC rale was adopt* and there are similar exceptio among the older stations. The r neer Pittsburgh, Pa.. stationY? instance, is K.DKA, Westingha*i.« although being east of the riveim ought to start with W.) < "v?^ After KOPE was denied it logal company tried to get tye „,, lowing letters, in the order named.-™ KHOP KHAR (for Hope,, ArJwfi| sas), KPOEJ. KRED, and-KVC (Voice of Hope). But flpne 1 'vn available. There are an »wluH. of bteamships running around' ocean. > ' It being obvious, then, that^ KX combination would hays .to 1 tried, a request was made »fc,« KXOP; but it wasn't to be Had either. , '• • The next—and eighth '-try t the money: KXAR. -. J All three-letter combinations' long ago used UP. and now : of the four-letter signals are gc indicating that something is girii to have to be done about all mo merchant ships using . the sa starting letter as sQjfnmeria^J stations. ^ v . f Pole Government Swap Peasant! Fuel for drain v W4rssw — W— The Polishf eminent is distributing building materials, to pea encourage them to sell g plies to wvwwnmt agencfef;j?,|j The plan to* distributin in the next several rag -eludes 100,000 tons of tons of leather, sever^J tons of, cejpaen$ an4 $3 worth, of manufactured, monthly. The coal premium ha?' at 200 pounds, of; coal, each, 4-

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