Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on December 10, 1947 · Page 2
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 2

Hope, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Wednesday, December 10, 1947
Page 2
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m^§f^\,^ ^'\^' i> • " 7 , 'r^ 1 j*' ''"'* ' *"*"''' v ^" ; '' HOPE STAR, HOPE, ARKANSAS » vn i >i n i Tuesday, December 9, 1947 J|ifes 4 Dr. Butler sday Dee. f ^8 — (/P)-* Dr. Murray jSutler, wno died terday of bronchial penu- nii be toitfiea tomorrow ^iuricral services At H a. m. ' ' is*, V&ul s Chapei on tne of Columbia university 'servdd as presment lor jVerninent educator and World iVocaie, ab years old and tui lafet yeais, mea at £>i. pitat wnere ne<rmd becii aays previous alter an inmgesuon. president emeritus of ms retirement i tnat his luneral tie field in the chapel, ai seats only about vuu per 'Raymond C, Knox 6Utus of the univer conduct the service. Pri '4iurlal win DC in Cedar Lawn iefcry, Paterson, N. J. etat of the Army .uwlght D ower is seneauied to becorm .-ht^of the university shoitly r, Hiltler, a native ot Khzabetn ,s (Jhtered Columbia as a fresh /at toe age ot 10 and trom »t time almost his entire Hi 4s 1 spent tnere, He was aecoratet & loreign riatiuis and, received Horary augiees irom da mbiuu- hs.-ol learning. Numerous expressions q*s regret >l)r. i Butler's death haW been Sdef-including a statement by -esidcrit Truman's "press secre- f, ''Cnarles U. Koss, vthat, ."the sident, deeply regrets -to .hear me'death ot such a distinguished p.efiean educator and' citizen." 1931, ' Dr. Butler shared the il*3?eace prize ^wltH, Jane Adas; He, had been a leading advocate 1 ot -the .League of Nations and iforld Court. In 1912j he was the ticcesstul Republican candidate r*VJtc president. * rTear-Old anted Money Fast K 1 Charlotte, N C., Dec. 9—(UP) '„ -—An 18-year-old who wanted to l f" make a million dollars before he was 21 faced one prison sen- j tence for forgery today while j* awaiting trial on other counts. ?Hugh Powell, 18, of Smith- w Held, N. C., made $10,000 le- ia-tgally in cattle trading at the ^ age 1 ,of 16. But he told police Sine wanted to get money taster, .'fcfc/>He was charged with forging '^checks to pay for the livestock /(.he bought here, and before he KK enters prison Jan. '6 must face , ,,,' another forgery trial in Shelby > N - C " L^' ( Police said he was wanted '•" H three slates. Ike'Still Mentioned as Candidate By JACK BELL Washington, ijce. 8 — W)— Fresh ndications tnat Gen. Dwight D. _ftennower may step-out of uni- orin in January coincided today vith reports ol increased activity n his uerialf as a possible Hcpub- icart presidential candidate. Although the aimy chief of staff IBS been vague about his quitting ime, tnere IB evidence that the previous schedule tor him to take over me presidency of Columbia University April 1 has been speed ed up by President Tramans action in naming Gen. Omar Bradley as his successor. .Bradley, whose transfer from ticad of the Veterans Administration back to the army was effective last Monday, will be available lor his new assignment shortly after January 1. Wnile Eisenhower may remain for a time to advise his successor, friends say that any . extended stay is likely to become embarrassing for both men, Althougn the five-star general has dodged questions about his availability for the nomination, politicians have begun to count nim as a major factor in the race which already has these three publicly announced entiants: Senator Kobert A. Taft of Ohio,' former Oov. Harold &. Stassen of Minnesota and Uov. tarr Warren ol California. Previously talk about Eisenhow- r as a potential candidate has een described as mostly just talkv But'art eastern Republican sena- or, who declined use of his name, old a reporter the :bacic-stage hunt or Eisenhower delegates is actual: / underway. As evidence of this, e said Republican organization eaders- in his state have been ounded out' by persons who said ncy represent the .Eisenhower movement, if not the general him- elf. V;.: •..; v .".. .- ..... .• Gen. 'George Olmstead, former lead of the Wational Young Repub- ican organization arid one-time candidate 'for governor of Iowa, is reported ".to" be one of those active n the general's behalf, Some who attended an informal meeting of Pennsylvania Republican leaders here last week at which Eisenhower was present said they came away with the notion that the general was "talking a whole lot like a candidate." Eisenhower is reported to have said that the country needs "new leadership" to unite the people behind the battle against rising living costs and in support of the American position abroad. Taft, also present, is said to have responded that it is all very well to . generalize on issues but something quite different to meet them hcadon in Congress. In any event, the Eisenhower campaign which definitely is under wraps now, is likely either to, be forced'into the open or he killed outright on the general's own words soon after he gets out ; of Army" Explodes^'Slave' Airmen MytK in Lplplarfd * i. u .. i i , i - i I, «„--,,, ,*.,~ .,*,, nmm - m»*<»»t rt V&fK1K"^tC'.™* n frff ' Mr ^*f~"" ' **•*>«««•. .--r-r——*' »• r /, Americans Call for Marshall Plan Passage Washington, Dec. 9 — (/P) — Prompt approval of the full Marshall plan for European recovery together with "economic measures against Spain to hasten the overthrow of the Franco government" were called for today by Americans for democratic action. The self-styled progressive political organization urged that the United States, as part of a "liberal foreign policy,' give unstinting support to the "Non-Communist left" in Europe which, it said, is the strongest bulwark against communism. "The fate of democratic forces everywhere depends on us," the statement, said. "The leaders of the non-Communist left in Europe who are x x x continuing their struggle against the police state cannot survive without our support." policy state- By DeWITT MacKENZIE AH Foreign Affairs Analyst We are faced with the tragic but ertam faci mat war — "cold" but nevertneless war — is being waged between Hussia democracies, tnat tnat purpose is to cornmumxe me worm ana thai the democracies are ae- :ermined to prevent his. it is a ignt to a fimsn. The ADA foreign ment also: Drive Out and Visit IROSEWOOD GIFT SHOPPE ;U ' . Fine Pottery and Novelties ' , * Gifts that last. Fireworks of All Kinds %- tf-4'.» /,V irti , Hours: 7 a. m. to 10 p. m. Located between Emmet and Prescott on Highway 67 Open 7 days a week. ATTENTION DUCK HUNTERS , Have Your, DUCKS DRESSED the Mechanical Way EACH ... 25* Phone 202 LOCKER PLAHT Hope, Ark. SEE ROY ANDERSON NOW! If you've been thinking of additional casualty or fire insurance to provide for today's increased property values, the time to act is now- Fires,accidents and crime are increasing drastically.-.and fate won't wait! This agency has complete facilities for handling insurance problems of all types... will (Mislyze your program at no obligation to you. Stop by or phone today. Roy Anderson & Co. I NS U RA N C E Phone 810 210 S. Main Hope, Ark. 15-month searh for downed airmen reportedly held as "slaves" by Lololanders to fm west ^^ is pictured with a group of Lolos. Refused Prizes 'Cold War' Between Russia and Democracies Is a Battle to the Finish mil oficially that there worlds. are two Sliced sharp criticism of Argeii tina's President Juan Peron anc Chinese Generalissimo Chiang Ka Shek. Proposed that the multi-billion dollar program for helping Europe help itself back to its feet be ad ministered by an Internationa body similar to the three-year-olc European coal conference. Urged that there be no American interference with European pro grams of nationaizle or social ized industies. Said the possibility that Britain should be furnished additiona funds above its share in the Marshall plan should be "fully ex plored." Termed stayilitaion and reduc tion of American prices, particularly those of foods, essential to saccess of the Marshall plan and declared that controls will be needed at home to prevent a repetition of the "malancholy effect' of rising prices on the now virtually exhausted British loan of 1946. Signers of the DA statement include Sumner Welles, former undersecretary of state; Mrs. Frank lin D. Roosevelt, delegate to the United Nations; Herbert Lehmas, former New York governor and UNRRA director; Paul Porter, for mer OPA administrator and chief of the U. S. Economic Mission to Greece; and Publisher Mark Ethridge of the Louisville Courier- Journal and Times. Of the Marshall plan, which Sec retary of State Marshal has saic vvill require up to $6,000,000,000 the first year and a possible four-year total of $20,000,000,000, ADA said une question arises therefore vhy the comoatants devote so much time and energy to nuerna- lonal conferences which rarely reacn agreement. Take fo instance the bogged-aown coiuercnce of Big Jj'our .foreign Ministers in Condon — called to draft a German and Austrian treaties. On tne lace ox tms parley is serving mainly to ruffle tempers and act as a sounding-board ior propaganda. soviet I'oeign iylmisler Molotov shows signs 01 being worried over the determination oi the democracies to proceed with me organization of western Germany witnout Kussia if the London conference fails. Secretary of State Mrshall, British foreign Minister Bevin and .b'rench foreign Minister Bidault are gravely concerned over the Bolshevist upheavals in France and French capital: All this oemg so, why don't the combatants abandon their conferences and get ahead with tne job of finishng that "cold war"? Une hastens to add that this is a rhetorical question which we shall try to explain. I think tne chief reason they don't make a clean break is thai botn ides arc appalled with the gray- ty of trying to run two worlds in an atomic age. They hate to ad- Morcover, neither side is absolutely sure ot tne real strengtn or, tne other. For tnat matter they and uie i aren't sure of their own strengtn, Moscow's in some instances. That is true oi me cnses in France and Italy. Com munist striking-power in tnose 'cwo counties hasn t yet beenput xo me im;\i tes and herefore is an un- Known quantity to both Moscow ana to trie western democracies. Upon tnis unknown hangs the fate of the strength Marsnall plan". U the Reds in France and Italy should succeed in their efforts to cause the downtall of the governments of those countries, Russia certainly would ave taken amighty stride toward winning its "cold war." Tne western allies need time to get tne plan into operation to give France and Italy tne material aid wiin whicn to withstand tne Communist aggression. 'men from uie standpoint of the democracies, time might swing countries like Czechoslovakia ana Poland back into the democratic old. And Moscow doesn't overlook hat this same delay might enable Kussia to consolidate her positon n eastern Europe. In short, each combatant hopes ;o grow stronger with passing time. That, couplea with seriousness ai openly declaring our globe divided nto two more or less hostile worlds ,s what keeps the quarrelsome conferences going, but here will of course be a time when they will give way to more positive action. Congress amount, must authorize the ful appropriate the firs year's funds and take both steps 'immediately.' Failure to act quickly and generously, the statement said, W9uld jepopardize important American "political stakes in Europe' because the Communist party in the distressed countries would "move rapidly to take advantage of sucV a situation." "Even if the Communist bid for power were not immediately successful, it might well create prolonged civil strife, into which the U. S. and the 'U. S. S. R. would inevitably be drawn' MIGHTY FAST Relief For Piping an officer or notable aboard a ship is believed to have originated in sailing days when visitors often had to be hoisted aboard in a boatswain's chair in heavy weather and the pipe was used to signal the men handling the ropes. Sore, Stiff Muscles V/hen you're suffering from rheumatic, lumbago or neuritis pains—from stiff lame muscles—rub on Musterolo for fast, long-lasting relief, Musterole offers ALI, the advantages of a warming, stimulating muatard plaster yet is so much easier to apply—just rub it on. Musterole instantly starts to relieve aching soreness and helps break up the painful surface congestion. In 3 strengths. At all drugstores. —NEA Telephoto from USAF Photo Chosen as Miss All-Armed Forces Girl in a contest in which Army, Air Force, Navy, Marine, and Coast Guard installations throughout the country sent In entries, Miss Frankie Oilman, Zl, a civilian employee at Lackland Air Base, San Antonio, Texas, turned down all the prizes which went with the award because they would interfere with her wedding plans. Sht» is to be married to a Fort Sam Houston civilian employee on December 12. Alert Girl Brings Capture of Negro Criminal Little Rock, Dec. 9 — OT —A Negro whose capture resulted from the quick action of a 19-year- old girl who awakened early yesterday to see him peering into her bedroom lias been described by Police Chief M. H. Potts as "Little Rocks most dangerous charac- Potts said the Negro, whom he identified as James Harris, 29, a former convict, had admitted raping a white woman and attacking half a dozen others as they slept in their homes in recent months. The Negro was arrested after Miss Ella Lee Waggoner reported at 3 a. m. that a man was looking through a transom into, her room. Spotting the prowler, she pulled a telephone beneath the bedcovers and dialed police headquarters. A moment later officers arrived and took the Negro into custody after shooting him in the shoulder. Potts said Harris had acknowledged "several" recent burglaries here and had served six years of an 18-year state penitentiary sentence for burglarizing 54 Little Rock homes in 1938. He was pa in 19-14. Facts About Russian Sil uniform. Supporters of every other potential presidential candidate, from the 1944 standard bearer, Gov. Thomas E. Dewey of New York, on through the list are itching to gel the general on the spot where he will have to say whether he is available or not. If he doesn't take himself out of the race unequivocably, the other camps will bend every effort lo get him on the line on current controversial interests. Many politicians believe that if Eisenhower says his say on only a few of the top issues and stays out of the wrangling going on between the Republicans and President Tru- Iman, he might have a powerful appeal to those who are becoming tired of all the fussing over national problems. The general's greatest liability, the same dopesters say, may lie in the circumstance that he is a military man otherwise untrained in government. Apparently, too, he would face determination on the part of some influential Republicans not to permit the party's June convention to be stampeded into nominating a relative "outsider," as many considered the late Wendell L. Willkie in 1940. By JAMES MARLOW Washington, Dec. 8 — (A'}— Stories of "runs on the banks in Russia" have made headlines in the past two days. A lot of Americans, with no knowledge of Russia, been surprised that Russians had money banked or could draw on it. The stories started with a Stale Department broadcast about i "wave of panic buying" in Russia The uroadcast. said: "The buying runs were reported ly caused by widespread rumors of impending price increases and changes in Soviet durrency." This writer talked to a number of government officials about this. The following is what they had to say, pieced together: Russians can deposit their savings in banks and gel interest. The banks are state banks, owned by the governmet. And they can buy government bonds, which pay inu-rst, .too. They can cash them in al banks. Those bonds not only pay interest but, in case ol death, can be handed down to a man's heirs. (The banks use the savings deposits to -bay government bonds, in turn i. 41, (The Russians not only can draw their money out of the ban::s but can cash in their bonds, tou, 10 get t'to another peasant on the black market for whatever he thought he could get. As a means of chopping down in- lation the Russian government might, as the rumors said, :ut down the value of the ruble, low? The government could say: 'We're issuing a new kind of ruble. Turn in all your old paper rabies for the new kind. Alter a certain date, the old kind will be no good." What would that mean? It might mean this: For every ten-ruble note the gov- evnmcnj. might issue a nole equal to only one ruble. If the Russian people thought that was gong to happen it's understandable they'd try, under existing price conditions, to buy up everything they could while a 10-ruble still would .buy 10 rubles' worth of goods. You can see how it works. Say a suit of clothes now is worth 500 With Safety rubles in Moscow. A Russian civilian has a 000- ruble note. He can buy that suit. But suppose the Russian government issues an order saying a 10- ruble note is worth only one ruble. In that case the Russian who has 500 rubles today to buy a 5I10- ru : i]le suit tomorrow will have only 50 rubles and be unable to buy the suit. It's likely that if the government cuts down the value of the ruble, but keeps prices the same, it will have to raise wages to help workers keep on buying the things they need to live. The peasants w.ould be hard hit if they .had been hoarding money. Why? 1. If they'd been paid largely in kind Uike pork) for their crop quota (like grain) their immediate needs would have been taken cure of. 2. Then, if they had sold on the black market for cash the rest of cash. The cash is called rubles. | m j r non-quota crop, they could There's inflation in Russia be-'i a y j n a supply of money, cause lor years there s been more [ Unlike the city workers who gut money in circulation lhan there . a wu ge raise, they'd have been goods that can be bought with money. . l We've had inflation here \\iih living costs up GO per cent over 1939 wages high, and more money around than goods to buy). You ask: but do Russian workers get paid in cash? sure. The government decides how much pay they get for a certain job. And when the country people — the peasants — raise crops, they must turn in a certain pereentaye or quota, to the state. For this they get fash or pay in kind. For example: fur 10 sacks of grain a peasant might get 10 pounds of pork. But he could sell for cash that part of his crop which was over and above the quota he had to sell to the government. And, being free to sell that ex- be paid (when" tho ruble was devalued), in kind for their quota crops. So they'd have less advantage in buying power, because of their devalued hoarded money, over Ihe city workers. Some government officials here seem to think a devaluation in ihe ruble would be aimed largely at peasants who have been hoarding rubles. Whether or not this is so. devaluing the ruble would cut down Ihe buying of Russians while guuds for sale are slill fairly scarce. For part of each year 75 percent ol Ihe sheep and half the beef callle of the United States are supported on 728 million ' p.cres of range lands in 17 west- The casualties of peace ... of motor accidents . . were greater in one year f 1946, than the casualties of war from Pearl Harbor to V-J Day! Too large a percentage of these motor accidents were caused by mechanical defects that could have been avoided by proper maintenance Check the Points for Your Safety! • BRAKES • Defective brakes are the chief reason for accidents caused by mechanical failures and defective brakes develop frequently without warning. The hydraulic brake system should be checked often for leaks, and drums for wear. • STEERING • Worn bushings and pins, wheels out of balance and alignment, conditions causing loose control and shimmy . . . anything less than perfect control of steering can cause serious accidents. • TIRES • Replace worn tires before they can cause trouble is much wiser than risking an accident. It's much cheaper in the long run. • LIGHTS • Night accidents cause 61 % of total fatalities. Lights out of focus, burned out bulbs, glare that blinds oncoming drivers ... all are causes of accidents. We can make inspection and Put Your Car in Safe Condition on Every Feature. HOPE AUTO CO YOUR FORD DEALER FOR OVER 28 YEARS 220 W. Second Sh Hope, Ark. Phone 277 - 299 tra part of his crop, lie could sell cm states t> O u r D a i I y Bread Sliced Thin by Tho Editor Alex. H, Washburrr Some Straight Talk About Taxation in Arkansas One of the long-time editorial planks of The Star is the belief mat i£ you are going to retain home-rule for local public institu- ,. tions you have got to assume the responsibility for keeping local tax revenues in line with local needs. The Arkansas Public Expenditure Council, Little Rock, brought out this month its Arkansas Ktate Tax Study, which reports, among other tonclusions, that there is an inequitable division of taxes between tne state and local units—counties, cities and schools—and the etlect is to gradually make the local units virtually beggars at the .sluti. £> b'acis. door. 1 Here in Hope we do not feel the full impact of stale-wide policy, because the City of Hope owns a highly profitable water & light plant. But the situation in cities generally is bad. Here are some of the findings by the Arkansas Public Expenditure Council 'The feature of the Arkansas tax system which most calls for adjustment is tho maldistribution oi" lax sources between the state f~*nd its local governments. Total state and lucai revenues per $1UJ of taxpayer income is only slightly lower in Arkansas than in the average Southern state. But the state takes for itself more than the average Southern state, leaving the cities, counties and schools with the least tax support— in proportion to the earnings of the people — of all the Southern slates. ' The impoverishment of tho local governments can oe traced to i two (.?uic» .(i) • demoralization ot 1 piopcrty tax administration and (2) the tendency 0:1 the part ot the General 'Assembly to withhold from the local units the power tD finance themselves, forcing the cities, schools and counties to rely on the unpredictable generosity ot the General Assembly or on public generosity in donation drives, l-'roperty tax deterioration —assessed values equal only about 20 per cent of actual values, and much personal property is not on the A tax books at all—has led lo serious 'financial Insufficiency since that tax is traditionally the principal support ol local government. And inci easing state aid in lieu of requiring local units to finance thLirii.jives, has led to financial irresponsibility, promoting an easy-come, easy-go spending philo- sopny which fosters and perpetuates uneconomical government." •fc. * «. BY JAMES THRASHER RoundWHeo Coming UP It may be. Philip Mo-iay, and | not Hany S TiurncUi? *\vlio •. .;pur the Republican Congress to gr.ant the President's request for authority to put the ceilings back on prices and wages. Mr. Murray's announcement, calling for round three of the CIO's postwar demands for more pay, is certainly the signal for more inflation. Such a demand, unlike the demand for higher prices, is something tangible that Congress could move in on. But wage controls \ui- thotigh price controls are out of the . question, of course. They would be * unfair, ineffective, and plitically disastrous tor those who proposed them, •As for price controls without wage controls well, we can just skip that one. There is no need to itirgue the inflationary and general economic dangers of that course, or to cite the labor spokesmen who say it could bet'S'S . safely. It can simply be disrhfs'scU with the confident statement that the 80ib Congress is about as like iy to approve a set-up like that k as it is to vote i'or higher income taxes As things stand at the moment, the majority of congressmen probably don't like controls of any sort. Neither, us a matter of principle, do the majority of their constitue- cnts. Neither does President Truman—it' we may assume that he expressed his true feelings when he spoke out against them a month before he requested them for Con^u „ But the time may have come when in i _t of tih are moie con" ccrned with 1he weakened purcha- iing power of our dollars than with abstract ideals of personal freedom. Our g.iOSb is that, even though the majority of Americans don't li!«c tho idea of peacetime price coiurol: 3 the CIO won't reap much ill will if its wage demands force the ceilings on again. Even though round three of wage hikes would add more inflationary pressure, it might have more pub lie support than the first two got Hope Star r. ?• KXAR EDITION 1496 ON YOUR WAI,, 2 Sections: 16 Pagfti 49TH YEAR: VOL. 49 — NO. 49 >tor ol Hop* It**; ft»,t I9Z7, Coniolldolwi January 11, HOPE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 10, 1947 Many May Have Died in Series of Air Crashes Konawa, Oka., Dec. 10 — (ft 1 ) — Three oil field workers flying rrom their home at Wewoka to work near Duncan, were killed in a predawn crash of their modified AT-u plane near here The three as identified by the pilot. highway patrol were Ollie Bon Martin, 20, Dick Carder, about 43 C. S Tucker, about 43 The patrol said that Carder went to Wewoka last night to witness the coronation of his daughter, Joyce Lee, as Wewoka high school yearbook queen They took off at 5:10 a. m. today for Duncan and the time of the crash was fixed at 5:35 a. m Wcstover Field, -Mass,' Dec. 10 — iyP) —A big ATC transport plane carrying 29 — 10 crew members and 19 military passengers — crashed and burned just before midnight in the icy wilderness north of Goose Bay, Labrador. The number of survivors — if any — was unknown. From the air, one man could be seen in the center of the'wreckage waving his arms "Whether he is one of the survivors or a member of the ground rescue crew sent put from the Goose Bay airfield is unknown," a spokesman at the air transport comma'hd headquarters here said, A four-engined army C-54 transport crashed in the icy wilderness north of Goose Bay, Labrador, last night, and reports to Air Transport Command headquarters said "scat tered burning wreckage" had been sighted but that there were "no known survivors. ' Air force officials in Europe meanwhile supervised a search by Greek, British and American planes for a C-47 army transport missing since last night on a flight from Rome to Athens. Greek officials said they feared the plane, with four persons aboard, had crashed into the sea. Three men were killed when a small plane crashed and burned Hon. CIO on the March in Japan near Konowa, Okla. Stormy weather early today, in '-Labrador hampered observation from the air by an army observation plane which sighted the wreckage of the C-54. The plane is capable of carrying 40 passengers but ATC authorities said the craft'might have carried only its';normal-;crew of five and cargo r " •" ' Ground icscue units* set ou*' for the scene at daybreak but faced rough going over the rugged and inaccessible country. 35 Believed Board Westover Field, Mass., Dec. 10 —(ff) — A four-engined ATC transport plane — unofficially reported to be carrying 45 or 35 persons — crashed in flaming wreckage with "no known survivors" just before midnight in snowy wilderness eight miles north of the Goose Bay ail- field, Labrador. Stormy weather hampered rescuers who set out at dawn today by ground and air after a ninth airforce reconnaissance plane sighted "scattered, burning wreckage." Air Transport Command headquarters here said it did not know just 'how many persons were aboard; but a Canadian press dis- p'ff.ch iiom St. John's, Nfld., said it was learned reliably the plane was carrying 29 passengers and the crew, which is normally five men and sometimes six. The big plane — similar to the DC-4 flown by commercial airlines Continued on Page Two - , - o -- PotmosHome Demo Club Organized The women of Patmos community met at the home of Mrs. Arnold Middlebrooks for the purpose of organizing a Home Demonstration Club in Patmos. The meeting began at 1:30. Miss Dixon discussed the making of Christmas Cards and showed several examples. We elected the following to serve as officers for the year of The Japanese have long been noted for their imitative qualities, and now they're even-imitating America's worries. The Tokyo parade, above, shows some of the 40,000 workers, representing 17 different CIO unions, who marched through the city's .streets protesting against the limitation ot their average monthly wages. Snow, Sleet, Rain in Many Ports of US. By The Associated Press Snow, freezing rain and sleet :Cell over a wide area of the country today as temperatures in most parts of the midwest climbed from their sub-zero levels of yesterday morning. A •band of light snow extended northward through Missouri, Iowa, Minnesota, most of Illinois and Wisconsin and parts of Indiana and Michigan. Freezing rain made motor travel hazardous in the lower Missouri and lower Ohio valleys while rain also fell over parts of the gulf states. The mercury, which dropped to nearly 30 below in parts of Minnesota yesterday, was generally in the 10 to 20 above mark Rochester rdported a low today of 19 above as compared to a 22' below 24 hours ago. Pellston, Mich., had the nation's lowest reading, •! below, and temperatures were near the zero mark in parts of the Da- kptas. and 'Nebraska'. Temperatures Were below the seasonal normal in the eastern states and .they also were slightly lower in the Pacific coast and in parts of the gulf states.' " 0 •"••" •"" • • • 1948 ton; President, Mrs vice-president, .Dorscy Bol- Mrs. J. C. It might be more accurate to Gibson; secretary-treasurer, Mrs saying that \vage increases in the end, the sole cause of Kay thiil industry's resistance to wage demands in the .(all of 1945 and last spring had more public support than it likely will receive in the next round. Some sections of industry are are high prices. We don't think many people believe that any more. It dptsn't stand to reason that they re to blame for the steady moii- th-f.o-month rise in the cost qf .P iiu iibti ot con iiKUnes p t Iv loud Inis, Umo, '- C comob out \vith soinc-aOcu detailed figures on profit increas Continued on Page Two b Years Ago Today Doc. 10, 1027 Sav-It Self-Service Store opened here under management of F. C. Lockwood -and owned by D. F. Goif arid company—"Six Hawaiian Artists." featuring hulu hulu dancing will appear on the Queen theater stage tomorrow— Frank Turner was constable at Spring Hill—Mr. and Mrs. D. M. Buford entertained members o:£ the Emanon club — A. J. Middlebrooks; reporter, Mrs. Ocie Rateliff. After the business part of the meeting was over, the group enjoyed several games with prizes Gibson, Mrs. Mrs. Harold going to Mrs. J. C. Oscar Rider, and Payne. The meeting adjourned to meet at the home of Mrs. ton, January 12, 1948 o- Dorsey Bol- .Canning Plant Meet to Be Held Dec. 11 A meeting of all farmers business men interested in and the establishment of a local canning plant will be held at the County courthouse on Thursday, December 11 at 2 p.m. The potential operator of this plant will be on hand to contract with farmers. This man has been in the canning business for the Mrs. C. S. Lowthorp and Mrs. E. ipast seven years and comes to McWilliam party—Hit s gave a pre-Christmas recorded tunes were "Are You Thinking ol Me," "Sweel- l;eert of Sigma You Happy". Chi", and "Are Hope highly recommended. It is expected that this meeting will determine whether or not Hope will have a cao.ning factory in 1948. Jap Gals Are Worried Over Marriage By DUANE HENNESSY Tokyo, Dec. 10 — (fPt — All the Japanese girls who are hunting husbands are mighty worried because every last one of them will become a full year older, come January first. In Japan, a new calendar year adds a year to everyone's age. A bab" is considered one year old the day he is born; and if he happens to be born the last day of Decem Reports Red VFW,Auxi!iary Dedicate New Home The ne\\? home of the Veterans of Foreign Wars and Auxiliary, was formally dedicated last night in ceremonies which presented the Rev. Northey Jones, Episcopal minister, in the feature address, ^^^^^,^^^^^^^,^^^^ Dec. 8 all stores had been virtually stripped, Stockholm, Sweden. Dec. 10 — (ff) — The newspaper Morgontidningen published today a story by its Moscow correspondent saying that a buying panic hit the Russian capital by member and guests Special recognition went to the parents -of itwo Hope war heroes The coiiespondent Birger Lund- m whose memory the local oigani- beig now is in Helsinki on his' zatlon was named Pelcy R arns ey way home.Hisi copyrighted story ; and Nolen Cargile declared that the buying rush was ' — & caused by a rumor that the Soviet government intended to exchange paper money soon — Dec. 15 was the date he said "informed" persons gave him — and at the same time abolish rationing. He said Russian citizens feared their paper rubles might be rendered worthless in the exchange. (Georgi Malenkov, a member'»of the Politburo in Moscow,' said in a' iqport jesterd^y that conditions had been cicated foi the ''abolition during this year of rationing in the Soviet Union.") (The Malenkov report added that "the Soviet state already has car ber he becomes two years old next day The information about the worried ladies scurrying for year's- end husbands comes from one Masao Sasaki, a 33-year-old bachelor who works in a private mating agency operating under the name Marriage Salvation." and some of the girls, Sasaki says, really want to be saved. Sasaki had overlooked the new year-age angle until one'of his clients— who was losing that doll- like shyness that made Japanese women so charming before the war — told him to hurry up and get her a husband. 'I'll be one year older with the new year," she said, "and one little year can ruin a girl aspirant's ambitions. "By gee!' said Sasaki, who turns a sharp bit of postwar English these days, "I never thought of that. Maybe thats why I'm so busy right now.' Sasaki thumbed his index cards of applicants ready to pay solid ried out a series of measures for then pointed to' dreams that stir abolishing multiplicity of prices the mind - s o£ men—Columbus, the with the purpose of .preparation for pa grlrns and our westem pioneers. nnhiuhpri in P, ^H! 7n e rteportl The GI also dreamed of his home published in Pravda, did not ex- an d familv a<5 VIP nrpnarnri fni-thp plain what the measures were.) f£ & tA"w^%™*A tht war a part of his dream came true, he said. Eventually he found himself back in Hope—his Eutopia— a dreamer still with partial fulfillment. He dreamed of a meeting, of this house and of "things that will come to pass." "Dreams are the structure of Christian Character—continue to dream," Dr. Jones concluded. o • Egged On! Forsyth, Mont. —I;?)— George Tillit was driving home with 15 dozen eggs on the truck seat beside him when the vehicle hit a bump, A quick census of 'the scrambled situation showed five dozen broken in his lap. Ten dozen still in their shells. —A vet 30,377 Arkonsans, Dependents Are Receiving Benefits Little Rock, Dec. 10 — (/P) total of 30,377 Arkansas war erans or their dependents were receiving pensions at the end of November, the Veterans Administration regional officer reported today. New 'pension cases received last month totaled 287, and 963 cases were still pending at the months end, Barnes A. Winn, regional manager, said. Honorary memberships to the weie presented to Mr W. M. Ramsey and Mrs. Mae Cargile. Corsages were given to the ladies. Master of Ceremonies Syvelle Burke introduced officials of the organization and presented Talbot Fcilds, Jr., who read a letter..-.of commendation from Lt. Gen. Ira C. Aker. Mr. Feilds then introduced Dr. .Northey, Jones. Di Jones completely captivated Wi «u*dien,t:e in v » dedicating' the Kpme to* the "Dreams" of members and eventual fulfilment. He started with Sir Thomas Moore's "Eutopia", a dream that all mankind seeks with variations, Russian Protest to Treatment of Citizens Ignore By CARL HARTMAN Pans, Dec 10— (/P)— Fi ancc ruled today that the terms of a Russian note protesting treatment of Soviet citizens in France and breaking off French - Russian trade talks were unacceptable. The French chaige d'affaires in Moscow, Pierre. Charpentier, will be instructed to return the note to the Soviet government, it was' ari- nouncd. In Moscow, a French embassy spokesman said the five members of the French repatriation mission ordered put of Russia yesterday had received .their exit visas and would depart today or tomorrow. They were expelled after the French had ordered the Russians' repatriation mission from France,, charging its members with subversive activities. The government's decision not to accept the Russian note was reached in a cabinet session with Piesidcnt Vincent Atniol piesiding The ijovcrnment communique said: "Having examined the.text of a note concerning repatriation missions and current commerical negotiations given Dec. 9 by M, Gousey, vice-minister of foreign affairs of the U. S. S. R., to M: Charpentier, French charge d' affaires at Moscow, the cabinet judged that the terms of this note, made public even before the French government had officially received it. were unacceptable, and his decided to ask M Charpentier to return it to the Soviet government." Russia's breaking off of the trade talks, announced yesterday by the Moscow radio, dashed French hopes of getting 300,000 tons of 'oadly needed wheat. A commercial mission had been waiting in Pairs for Visas to go to Moscow and complete details of a deal under which France would have supplied Russia with .manufactured goods in exchange for the soviet wheat. France's ruling on the Soviet note does not constitute a "rejection" in the strict diplomatic sense. Rather, the French declined to consider the note because of the terms in which it was coached and because it was'broadcast by Moscow before being delivered. The note accused the French go- veinment of acts "hostile and con- tiaiy to the spuit of alliance and mutual assistance " It also accused ,the French of.,-'"unilaunaly annulling'" the two-year-old SoViet- irench icpatriatlon agreement to exchange each olhei's nationals A cabinet spokesman' 171 said French actions 'throughout these differences, with Russia and been "extremely correct." He added that Francois Mitterand, minister for veterans affairs, would explain in a radio address tonight how * ne government views the whold problem of getting French citizens back home from Russia and returning Russians from France to the Soviet union. The French have protested that while the Russians have had latitude for their repatriation mission work in France, the French mission was strictly limited in its activities in Russia. Three Killed in Plane Crash in Oklahoma Konawa, Okla .Dec 10 — (/P) — Throe men weie killed today in a pro-dawn airplane crash near here. Raymond Reed of the Reed Flying Service at Wewoka reported the small plane took off from theie for Duncan at 5 a m. (CST). The ciash occurred a shoit time latei. Ine plane buined. Two of the dead were named by the Oklahoma patrol as Ollie Bon Martin, Prague, Okla , and C S Tucker, Wewoka, Okla. The third man was not immediately identified. Everybody Likes a Good Book But Problem Is Which One to Give for Christmas cash fees for the" right' sort mates. Mostly, they're people of financial difficulty as the result of the war. The old, solid families still do their own matchmaking. He read aloud: "Wanted, wife — one with 500,000 yen ($10.000) assets. Appearance disregarded. Applicant. . . 40 years old, open-hearted and trying hard to reestablish his business. 'College student — has exhausted all resources for education. On brink of abandoning same. Wants assistance. Age 24. Will tolerate wife up to 26. One woman wanted a husband with a three-room house in Tokyo. "Hopeless," said Sasaki. 'She's 27, with parents and four brothers.' He shuddered. "The whole family wants to filter into the bridegrooms house.' Sasaki said he gets mates for about 20 per cent of his applicants. Two Vehicles Damaged in Accident An accident yesterday afternoon south of Hope on Highway 29 resulted in considerable damage to two automobiles, State Police reported today. Nobody was hurt. The vehicles were driven by Dorsey Logan and Elmore Williams, By HAL BOYLE New York — (/P) — Everybody likes to curdle up with a good book. But the problem at Christmas is — what book to send'.' • Unless you've gone duck hunting with your boss a lot of times, for example, you should be chary of sending him '•How to disappear for an hour" or "It beats working." It never is wise to count on an employers sense of humor Just to help Santa Claus along we've again compiled ojr annual check list of lit'rary offerings and suggest Doris for Duke — Property Any housewife — "A Woman of 'The Egg and Rita Hayworth and Orson Welles — -Hoii! e Divided. Andrei Vishinsky — "The Quiel Hour ' Societal y Mai shall Moneyman. Peggy Hopkins Joyce — "Marriage is for Single People." Andrei Gromyko—"Back Home." Joe Louis ~" " ' "" Fall.' The Harder They Secretary Snyder —"The Treasure Bag." ' Errol Flynn —"Wolf Story." Professor Einstein — "Romping Through Mathematics.' Henry Wallace—"The Left Hand is the Dreamer ' All presidential aspirants — "Soring in Washington." Mrs. Dwight Eisenhower — "My Three Years with Eisenhower." Margaret O'Brien —"Age Cannot Wither French Strikes End; Hopeful for Peace Period By REMEERT JAMES Pans, Dee 10 — (/P) —A month of labor strife and Commumst-en- mneeied strikes ended today on the deadline of a government ultimatum, and foreign diplomats Said Fiance could count now on at least a month of industrial peace to patch up the damage. The Communist-dominated Gen- 2ral Conledciation of Laboi (CGT) sovvcd to the government's demands last night and oidered the stiikcis back on the goveinments terms of settlement. About 1,500,000 woikeis still wore out when the settlement was reached, but the strike movement, had beencollapsing rapidly. Between 2,000,000 and 3,000,000 men were idle at'its peak'. The loieign diplomats said they expected a new Communist onslaught on the nation's economy before bolstering American aid might make such an attack too late to-, be effective. These sources said, however, no move would be made to engender widspread strikes at least until after the first of the yeai. because, first, the workeis need a few weeks pay to buy food, second, the mem- orv of this hard-fought stilke wave wo~uld be too fresh, and third the Chiistmas holidays would not be a good time for such activity. The foreign obseivers said they detected doep bitterness in the CGT's statement bowing to the government! & terms', particularly in the charges- thaf the government s reactionary and 13' toadying to lie Americans. Theyr also noted hat the CGT openly appealed to Aroikers to piepare for "future ombat that will be severe " There were no official figures ivailable on the exact number of voikers who returned to their jobs oday, but CGT leaders said all .vent back; Not even the most optimistic 'renchmen thought labor peace Continued on Page Two Jap Soldiers Bayoneted Americans Yokohama, Dec. 10 — (UP1 Forty Japanese soldiers bayoneted Aviation Tuggle, April 16, Ordnanceman Robert Jr., Brown wood 1945, as the flier Tex. hung virtually unconscious from a stake following a beating by 15 men, a war crimes defendant testified today. Muneo Enomoto, on trial before a U. S. Army commission with 45 other Japanese for executing three navy airmen who parachuted from a torpedo bomber over Okinawa, gave a detailed account of the mid- nisht execution, Enomoto, a lieutenant at the time, testified he had "reluctantlV ordered the bayoneting because he didn't want to be "punished for defying the will of higher officers,' The other two Americans, LI Vernon L. Tebo. 1512 E. Gonvalle.. St., Pensacola, Fla., and Radioman Warren H Loyd, Forrest Hill, The night watchman at Fort Kno\ — Fiee Gold' Thomas E. Dewey — "Great Expectations. ' I The College of Surgeons — "In- The side U.S.A Mohandas K. Gandhi — "The Salvador Dali Focus. Senator Taft — •Slightly Out of •Where I Stand," R " b . e '' Senator Taft — "Where I Stand," Ihe people who saw flying discs i by Harold Stassen — Nothing So Strange." Harold Stassen — "How to Fig- Princess Elizabeth—"Proud Des- lire the Odds." tln jf-". ., , Gargantua— '"People are Funny." lommv Manvilln — "Orrlnnl nf Wir.ct^,, r>u i. :n "Tho 9avr,r> mmy Manville — "Ordeal of the Union." Richard—"Knpck on Any Door." Truman, Stalin and Attlee—"Gen- Uemans Agreement." Ex-Postmaster Bob Hannegan — "Do You Know Your Baseball'." Your mother-in-law •— "An adversary in the House.' Winston Churchill —"The Saxon Charm.' Post-war profiteers—"Big Fat. Shirley Temple— "Second Growth." J. Parnell Thomas — "Villainy Delected." . f-vpsy Bose I.ee — "Behind the I Silken-Curtain. ^ John L. Lewis — "The Big Hair-j Jimmy "Pe'tr'illo — "The Other Col Sloopnagle — "Speaking! James A B Fariey —"Green Mem- rrankly. lories." Maj. Gen. Meyers — "War Knew It." as I Johnnv Meyer — "I Remember Distinctly." Hirohito — "Admiral Story." Cuiiey — iiians.' . Trygve Lie — Kinds.' Frank Sinatra - Y. arief enlly were beheaded soon after a interrogation, anatagonized Tuggle appar- the Japanese during his interrogation when he 'looked up at enemv planes flying around and rolled his long mustache." As soon as the flier was secured to the stake I heard some voices yell out 'Hit him'," Eno moto said. "Then about 15 men took part in beating the flier. Thej went up to him and with closec fists beat him across the *ace Each man averaged about foul blows. "I did nol do anything to stop the beating." Enomolo said he personally hac given the order for the bayonet ' practice." It took a full two minutes for the first man to comply, the former officer said. Then the soldier finally "came up in a half run and delivered his bayonet thrust into the left side of the Britain Gets More Money From Fund Washington, Dec. 10 —(IP)— Brit- un has drawn $100,000,000 more Irom its newly unfrozen loan from the United States, leaving it only iSOO.000,000 of the original $3,750,- UuO.OOO credit. British toTake Measures to End Holy Land Wa By JOSEPH 6. GOODWIN Jerusalem, Dec.-dO *zfyb*>%l -ommissionec Sit Alan Ck COfii, ham warned today that the BrifSfi would take severe rneasi igainst both Arabs and Jew8 Palestine unless they halted , communal strife which has ctfst ives in 11 days. SIK Jews were killed today in" .atest outburst of Arab ani against the United Nations' dcei t° Divide the Holy L&hd into L arid Jewish states. The attack, tt place on the Jewish settlement Gcvtilot, neaf Gaza, on'the soul ern coastifpolice drove cffl the lackers with gunfire. " /~ r •* Unofficial repprts told of.'atta^ on tht'ec or four other Jewish tlqments in the southern >~" dcseit area, , ',, At Karatiya, In the Negeb in Aiab house was blown " four Arabs were killed. -,-... souices said Hagana, the JeWi militia, dynamited the house \U cause Arab fire from it killed thfc Jews four days ago. ^ In Jerusalem's old city a7 \*» -sli constable was stabbed, in^tw aim by two Arabs who atolejhli gun. At Jerusalem's Jaffa S'gate, Jewish bases were stoned, A JeW'' Ish taxicab was fired and its driver i stabbed. ( , At the port of Haifa, two hteaw explosions wore reported A J« policeman was stabbed and^ other Jews were slain by gunfirWi Three Jews and three Arabs wejr" injured, reliable informants said-. An Arab house was fired. Intermittent gunfiie and grenade esplq-f sions continued through the earlys afternoon l Father Uriel, a Spanish „.. was wounded in the stomach in Haifa shooting. The British mandatory OT „, iment issued a communique saying!,* attacks of Jews-on Arabs, Arabs'" on Jews and upon security lore "* by both "have caused grievous lo of life and extensive damage; property," It expressed deters tion to maintain older so joL. Britain Detains tire mandate,.;* ing: j * - *S "The high c0rhmissi<meju,i gives warning'the comrnu orders must oease\befdre,,_ suffering and* loss are 'occa'a to A treasury report disclosed withdrawal today, the It was the first time Britain has used any of the money since late August. At that time the remaining balance of $400,000,000 was foraen temporarily because of Britain's inability to meet certain terms of the agicemont, made in July, loan 1843. These terms required the British to pay current trade debts to other countries in dollars instead of pounds when the pthei countues> asked payment in dollars. The freeze was lifted this week despite Britain's, continued inabil-. Hy to meet strictly that condition of the loan. Biium's chanceloi of the exchequer, Sir Stafford Oripps, promised that Britain would.resume!dol- Uii pav merits of tiade debts to other countries as soon as possible. Dining the four-month peilod while tne loan was frozen, the British told gold to get dollars they could use for purchases, jn this country. They also obtained $120,000,000 from the international rnon.» etaiy fund m exchange foi pounds. the unsolders j continue, have no option, but tq __ w . v ,, wr , security forces to adopt sevew measures against all those,,Jew" and Arabs alike, who are brealtinj the law." , ^ , i {-. Reports from Tel Avtv sa: Mayor Israel RokaclT of r th'at., " Jewish city was expected to ir this week with Mayor Yussef,..,., kal of all-Arab Jaffa on securit measuies for the battle-torn bordi area between the two cittesi Erf ish tr,oppsj;in thel Border ar«aA* ready were under orders L - •-*-to kill vlolatois of public < A dusk to dawn curfew swas'^ force in the Tel Aviv.-Jaffa'ar'ea.g A Jew was bhot m the back ftn<il killed there a few hoiirs after ?fu was releabed by police whp quek tioned him on charges of carrying arms * ;« yr, In Jerusalme, a Jewish agencj. spokesman said the dead man .was'* a member of Hagana, the Jewish: defense 01 ganlzation. and charged) that Biitish police fired the fa' " shot He complained of the "unri behavior , of policemen, espepU in the lower ranks " l Including at least 134 „„„„„ Aden and another four in $yri the associated press count ol qiL in the middle eapt since th^ c«j munal conflicts began last w stood at 252. Property Jpss'es Palestine alope were estim ' "' ?10,000,000. fliers chest The first thrust •It Takes All - "We Called it Halseys; Marshal Tito —"With Strings Attached." "The Proper The American People — "Peace of Mind.' I believe killed him." The bayoneting by .40. -nien took 20 minutes, he said. "About the fifth or sixth man," Enomoto added, had difficulty extracting his weapon from Tuggle's body, so he. the lieutenant, personally grabbed another rifle and showed the soldier how it should be done. The trial, largest to date in the Far East, recessed until Monday for the translation of. documents. Trading DuH in Rice Markets During Week Washington, Dec. 10 —(/P)—Trading was light in the nation's rice markets last week as the usual holiday dullness became apparent, the agriculture department reported today. Prices, however, were maintained at about the previous week's in its weekly market review, said Cuban buyers inquired for offers for January through March shipment, but that millers hesitated to make commitment because of uncertainty as w the availability of export permits.. Weather was favorable for farm work in most of Louisiana and farmers continued to prepare foi the 1948 crop. In southwestern level. The- department. Many Fans Enjoy Donkey Cage Gome The Lipns club cleared $50 at the PonKey Cage night, the aovernment cle/aved and the players cleared {in? \ keys, and the fans cle^rpj following a rip-roailng game dtew plgnty of laughs one The Kiwanians had suph plajers, as Roy Taylor; £a Taylor. p 4 Fia,nk Pouglas, Hallibuiton. Lawrence MarUnr 1 . len Tollett, Newt Pentecost, J Hay and the incomparable, a" none othei than another Jaqk l — !>o said the Lions but they ably were lying. 1 Roaring loudest for the \\eie Cail Jones, Ben Owe King. Fpy HammonsUB, Byron Hefner and, Paynj ' ' ins. The which Louisiana arid Texas, however, wet soil delayed plowing. The departroerit said rough rice . _ markets weie quiet with r»9St I tempera growers holding remaining stocks extreme coj'th. and until alter Jan. 1. * 'in ee»t.rfj p^W government got thrpugh' the campaign to equip th.e brary. lM '' Nobody thougut much at score. The refereeeg t that high one Won After deliberation it that 11 tp 7 woiUd,flo f The Lions lost in ihe WEATHER Arkansas; Cloudy W,d

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