Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on December 3, 1947 · Page 24
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 24

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Wednesday, December 3, 1947
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HOPE STAR. HOPE, ARKANSAS ffU ay Overhaul age and IfHour Law NORMAN WALKER * t t ^Washington, Dec. 1 — (IP) — Con- the groundwork for rJi broad election year overhauling '" Jbb oft the wage-hour law. (That is the law which .cslab- fshed the 40-hour week and the sM-Cent hourly friinimam wage for ri Corkers engaged in interstate com- '&; 'if . t ~ JSolh business and labor have ,i flooded a House labor subcommittee With ideas for changing the .Bine-year law, passed in the heyday of the New Deal. But those Jderis conflict sharply. , 'The committee expects to sift all roe suggestions and come up with ; 'some kind of a bill early next year. * At lengthy committee hearings business generally has called the law "outmoded" and demanded its jsepeal. Labor has classed it "inadequate" and demanded wider benefits and coverage. ! Everybody concerned has debated the piinciples on which the law Was enacted. AM have pretty well agreed those ipnnciplcs were these: 1. There should be a "floor" omdor wages, or a minimum Amount an employer could pay a worker so he could meet life's tare necessities. : 2. Employers should be penalized Jfor working anybody longer than *) hours a week, by having to pay -.one and one-half times regular pay tales for the extra hoars. Employers told the committee the minimum wage idea is all 1 wrong. They said H is inflationary 1 ito the extent that it provides a . i fixed wage for some workers who jnaay not be worth that much; And llthey said it interferes with collec- (fiye bargaining ^s for laislng Ihe minimum wage from Us nresent 40-cent level toi 75 cents, as both Ihe AFL and <JIO have asked, employers for the ,*nost part contended that would "prove especially inflationary. They said thai raising Ihe wage for lower-paid workers would mean a pay raise "all along the line." "Labor ngucd thai by keeping wages f<om sinking below a cer- taan level purchasing power as kept sip They said the "floor" for wages protects Ihe "employer who wants lo pay a decent wage" from a competitor who may be willing to save coils, and make more profils toy wage-culling •The unions say the 75-cent wage minimum is needed to compensate for Ihe increase in living .costs since the 40-cent minimum was established. * : Argument is even hotter on the 40-hour week and overtime issues. The employers say: 1, There is no proof thc required Overtime penalty pay causes employers to "spread the work" in tune$ of depression — that is, keep the same number of men on their payrolls inslead of firing some and working the others longer hours. \. 2, Thei e is no sense in keeping a penalty on employers against <ising their workers more than, 40 (hours a week when the national .goal now is greatei pi eduction to «hmmate shoitages and bring down prices, • Tn defense of Ihe 40-hour week and oveitimc pay, unions say: 1- In times of heavy production, this pait of the law permils workers to share in increased profils; In slack times, it is moie profitable for business to hue additional ^employes rather than concentrate toe woik in thc hands of a few overworked workers 2 A worker is most efficient working only 40 hours a week, wilh the lemamder left for leisure and rast. Nol all employers nor all unions nave agreed with Ihese positions. Some employers have asked for exemptions for thqir industries. Unions have asked for lemoval of aome of ihe existing exemplions. A general plea among employers is lhat, if the law is to lemain on the books, Congiess should clar- «y many piovisions to avoid ar'gu- Jnent about whether their particular woikers come undei the law. French Seek to Pass Strike Law ••«n ar ! S ' ,?£ c ? ~ (/p >~ A 10-hour jUent filibuster" by Communist deputies was broken eaily today 11 } h ? National Assembly was called back into session to enact a stringent anti-btuke law request- t* by Piermei Robeit Schurnan to We : naUon t ' toppages Paialyzing One slopnage was ended this morning when police cleat ed sit- down sinkers from six power Plants in the Paris area, permitting subways, to resume operation after seivice had been suspended flnnn»n veral ^ OU1S More than 2,«». 000 workeis lemamed idle Jnl The Communists' "silent filibust- wn a £ aU K St Schu "ian's anti-strike out, which is aimed at breaking the Communist gijp O n the French labor movement, ended when Re£1$ n an P a £ ds ? Jected Commu- Wst Depjty Raoul Cdlas fiom the assembly chamber ..if 1 v t S thei Communist deputies *m?tv a l° C i up!ed the otherwise empty chamber with Galas fol- hlm out Calas made no ef Calas, refuted to leave the sneak- =ftL r ° itr ? n ye*tciday afternoon after a vote of censure against him for uigmg ajiny jesevists to c £5 to Fi°' nply wuh Sovenment orders calling them to the colors The vote alio dnected his tempor- ar £. expulsion fiom the assembly. The tumult in the chamber over the incident became so gieat that Assembly Pi evident Kdouaid Hernot was forced to suspend the 305- 9i? Jds 'J >Uyed on the rostrum other Communist deputies oc- ^i he chamber through the They said they wanted to sure Hemot would >iot recon- Wth ° Ut their denied tnat he was "incil- the army to revolt," but "si.rn- called on soldie»s> not to fire the Deople." The goveinment ._ up 300,000 reservists in -, two weeks. guards made a full show of ja eje«Ung Caias. A guard si spmjgd with a letter from Pother Is Identified by Big Toe Wednesday, December 3, 1947 Los'Angeles, Dec. 2 — (IP) — Superior Judge Leo Frcund, who inspected the big Iocs of a man and boy in his court-, room, has decided the man is the father of the boy. Miss Mildred Goldberg, 40, sued to establish palernily of her son and asked Ihc cpurt to observe what she termed were similarities in formation of thc big toes of Edward W. Pollinger, 39, a market operator, and the boy, Matthew, 7. Judge Frcund didn't say whether he considered the big toes in making his finding yesterday, but he did declare Pollinger Ihe falhcr and ordered him to pay $140 a month for the boy's supporl. o Says Way to Man's Heart Is in Kitchen Bv CLAIRE COX Chicago, Dec. 2 —(UP) —Girls who spend Iheir time in the nation's bcauly parlor and dress salons in an effort to make themselves attractive to men are just wasting their time. Marjorie Davis, 17-year-old 4-H club member from Hickory Hidgc. Ark., a farm community of 556 persons, says Ihe girls would get better if they'd spend more time in the kitchen. "After all" she said. "The bcsl way to a man's heart is still through his stomach. The girl who looks good may be able to atlract a man but she's got lo be able to cook in order to keep him." The grey-eyed, brown-haired high school senior qualifies in both departments. Her smile and healthy good looks should be enough lo catch any man's eye, and a $200 college scholarship she won Iho homc- makinp at the national 4-H club congress is proof of her domestic abilities. "Don t won-;;," she laughed. "Don't think I've been wasting my time." Mar.iorie has prepared and served 1,045 meals during Ihc past six years, made 25 pieces of clothing and canned 1,782 jars of food. • .Her abilities have won her many 4-H club awards during thc period. And just lo prove she knows whereof she speaks, she produced a piclure of "Clint," a 17 year-old neighbor boy, who ap- parenlly possesses a discerning eye and a keen appelitie. Art Student- Takes Own Life in Class Philadelphia, Dec. 2 — (#>) — A 14:,vear-old Junior high school boy 'shot himself to dealh at an art class today while a classmale looked on loo terrified to stop him Detective Sergeant George Kirkcs reported. 'After the shooting, the boy, Donald Peabody Sargent, got up from his seat in about the middle of the classroom at the fashionable sub- ruban Bala-Cynwyd and walked to within a few feel of thc class instructor where he fell to the floor Dorolhy G. Biles, the instruction fight, sought to quiet thc boy's 22 classmates who were thrown into an uproar as smoke from the discharged pistol sifted through the room. Running from Ihe room to summon aid, Miss Biles met Principal George W. R. Kirkpalrick who was on his way to the room to question the Sargent boy about a report he had told classmale Henry Claylon that he was going to end his life. The bullet was fired from a .38 calibre revolver and entered the center of the abdomen. The bullet came out thc back and struck another pupil, Willard Snell, bill ils force had been spenl and the Snell boy was nol injured. The Sargent boy was quoted by Dirkes as lolling Henry Claylon •I am going to shoot myselt. I haven t any friends and I .iusl don't seem to have anylhing lo live for." George W. Richards 3rd was sil- ling direclly in front of Ihc Sarp.enl boy. He said Sargent tapped him on the shoulder and when he looked around, Donald was pulling the gun out of his coat. Herriot entered thc chamber wilh Ihree men. Thirty-six others took up positions on the stairway outside. Two hundred more, hel'meted and armed with rifles, were at oilier points in the building and 300 olhers were outside. ' Calas at lirst said he would not leave except "by force," but when the colonel made the regulation y ree . Bequests to Calas to go with mm, ihe Communist deputy assented and walked slowly out of the chamber, followed after a few moments by the other deputies, including Communisl leaders Maurice Thorez, Jacques Duclos and Frl rC h M ?- rty ' They san « tht ' wa t anthem on the u .vFi h h tu^^ 171311 anli-slrike bill. vymcn the Communisl deputies arc llRhlmg so bitterly, would give ihe government power for thr.v months to fine and jail strike agi- lalors, and lo apply doubly stiff penalties for sabotage. One deputy supporting Sehuman declared: "The government and the majority of the assembly, as well as the majority of the frecnh "-onle. are determined to fight in- o? ?•• , comr nunism in France ^the finish. back-to-work "I S01ne unioas - ine n ' but thc coal ll ins the postal employes and "' but IhcVokl n,in t s r>. virtually 1 00 per c,nt Was widej y reported. on rajl »'»es. At Arras, tols forced flrcs in serv; ce resumed, the com P an v announced one whn l topp)ed this morning when it struck a torn up rail the company called it "subo a«e "' T o 1 Sen1 ^ ca!-s"over «n caus ed bruises to number of uassen- face VALU ROBISON'S DECEMBER RAD Come in and see thei many outstanding values we areoffering'Sn merchandise for all the family. You'll find KUBIbUN 5 tull of items for now and Christmas. Buy now while we have a good selection. PANTIES Ladies and childrens in rayons. White and Tea Rose 49c LADIES SWEATERS Large group of smart sweaters you'll find all wool sweaters in both solids and patterns. Button and .slip over styles. Complete range of sizes. 2.98 values 4.98 values 1.98 COTTON Unbleached quilting cotton. Size 72x90. Buy now 69c BLANKETS Single cotton blankets. Size 66x80. Plaids 1. SKIRTS Childrens wool and rayon in plaids and solids. 5.98 values. /2 Price NEW PRINT Solid colors, pink, red, blue, green, yellow and- white. Fast color. HOSE Rayon hose, full fashion, two shades. Sizes 8-jr to 10i yard STOCKINGS Ladies cotton ribbed stockings. Complete range of sizes. 25c COATS Childrens fall and winter coats Values from 5.98 to 12.98 Price oz. feather proof stripe ticking. Buy now. Only yard LADIES BOOTS Light weight rubber boots. In sizes 5 to 10. Buy now BLANKETS Part wool and some in solid colors. Size 72x84. A real buy for PANTS |% 15 C C* C* I /^ ^^ A T" IP A 1 f DRESS and COAT SALE A large group of ladies fall dresses, Jr. and regular sizes. Good selection of styles. A nice group of fall coats and suits in good fall styles and colors. Mens heavy, genuine moleskin pants. Made to really wear. !/2 Price OVERSHOES Mens 4 buckle overshoes. For cold wet winter days. Only 4.98 OVERALLS Boys Blue Buckle overalls, 8 oz. sanforized. Sizes 2 to 16. r. SHIRTS Mens work shirts, part wool, Navy color. Really worth 3.98. Now OVERALLS Mens Blue Buckle overalls. High back styles. 8 oz. sanforized. 2.69 Mens winter unions, heavy weight. Ecru or white. Full cut. Buy now 2.98 KHAKI PANTS Hawk Brand and Dickie, sun tan pants. Sizes 30 to 50. Were 2.98 1.98 PANTS HUNTING CAPS Mens hunting caps with ear flaps and they are lined. In brown. 1. Boys part wool, navy blue pants. Heavy weight. Were 2.98 now only JACKETS Mens leather trimmed jackets, full lined and real 10.98 values. BOOT SOX Mens heavy, part wool sox. Grey with colored tops. A value 59c BOYS JEANS Blue Buckle jeans, 8 oz. sanforized. Sizes 2 to 16. Real values. 1.98 SWEATERS Mens and boys sweaters in solids and patterns. Slipover and coat styles. Long sleeves and sleeveless. Most sizes. Mens 2.98 values Boys 1.98 values One group One group 1.98 98c Leather Boots Mens black lace leather boots. 16 inch, retan leather. 7.98 WE GIVE AND REDEEM EAGLE STAMPS Geo. W. Robison HOPE The Leading Department Store Co Nashville Our Doily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor Alex. H. Washburn — ft Was Government Which Started This Inflation Development this week on the Wiilation Front: CIO demands a third round of wage increases for its 6 million members. Tne national administration wants legal authority to freeze wages and prices and to ration cosi-of-living items. No one tninks he had any part whatever in creating the inflation threat. Says Labor Secretary Schwcllenbach: It "simply is not Iruc" lhat wage increases .brought on price Cjpirals. Says President.J. Q. McClintock of the Chicago Board of Trade: Blame lor high prices of gram belongs to government purchases for export, rather than lo speculation. Saj-s Waller S. Hallanan, chairman of the National Petroleum Council: Government allocation ox petroleum supplies would result in no more production but would mean confusion — casing one shortage while creating another -j'sewhcrc. Thc government rightly views with alarm a situation m which, no mailer how wages are marked up, the more rapid rise oi prices siead- ily wipes out the standard of living lo which Americans were accustomed before Ihe war. But thc solution is less economic interference by law—not more. It was government itself which laid the foundation for the present domestic emergency when, some vears before tne war, the admin- /^flration devalued the dollar and encouraged every line oi business to raise prices. That brisic policy has nol been changed 1 to tins good day. First tne war intervened, causing the inflationary spiral to go far beyond government's intention back in the clays when we were merely trying to get out. of ,the depths ol an economic depression. But immediately tne war was over every natural caulion indicated tha't we should expect a downward drill ,jT» prices, causing wages to buy "noro lor the dollar, instead, u was the avowed policy 01 government to hold onto every control which would keep our economy al trie high wartime level. Thc nation's business, since there was no official prospect ot a return to thc law ol suppiy and demand, inched prices suli higher, and wages attempted to go along with tne new order of the day. The people rebelled, ana, through 'the congress, knocked ouc rationing and-price., controls. '& J^ut the bureaus of government are sliil pursuing their wartime economic policies; mere is no return to free trade— and wages are neipless to Keep up wuu prices, as is always Ihe case in an milauouary cuais. Since il was government control which got us into ail this no large group oi Americans are ever going to believe tnat adui- Uonal government control will bring a solution. It can omy bring disaster. .Q \Ve. nave got to fight our way 'DacK to a normal peacetime level, and with caution we can come •"twi irom the dangerous heignts ~y gradual steps in safely. BY JAMES THRASHER Tims to Get Uoing Lasi spring President Truman or- derea t,jup construction curtailed sharply lor reasons oi economy and ueeausc of material shortages. Bnoruy anerward he appointed a live-man committee oi "practicai- flmndea businessmen," lo use then- own phrase, who were lo maite a study of Ihe country's merchant marine and shipbuilding problems. Their report is now in, and the President has passed it along to Congress and tne appropriate de- partmcnts "in ihe- hope that it will prove helpful." Essentially the committee has repeated the recommendations incorporated in the Merchant Marine Act of 1036. This act set up _a shipbuilding program—thrown entirely out ol gear by the war- on thc scarcely disputable basis that a modern, first-rate merchant marine and an adequate, progressive shipbuilding industry are cs- suntial to our national defense and pcaee time economy. The President's advisory com- millee has abo urged a four-year program, cosling $600,000,000 for Ihe construction of 46 passenger vessels and a number oi high- speed cargo ships and tankers. The , ( first group would include two 50,- v-.'OOO ton liners for North Atlantic service. There are 32 ocean-going vessels being built in nine private yards. Half of them are for foreign owners. Britain reportedly has 125 passenger and passenger-cargo ships now under construction. The United States has two. France, Spain, Sweden and Italy all are building more than we are. There should be, in Ihe commil- •jylee's opinion, not less than 60,000 ~" workers engaged in shipbuilding in this country in any peacetime year. There are now less than half Continued on Pane Two o 20 Years Ago Today Dec. 4, 1927 E. E. Austin, D. L. Paisley, R C. Stuarl, N. P. O'Neui, H. M. Stephens and C. N. Trimble of the Hempslcad Educational Board visited Minden, Lu. schools to j*y sludy their methods— Hope Overland Co. begins construclion o/ new building at corner of Hazel & East Second streets— Hempstead organized a basketball association and adopted rules which called i'or junior players not to weigh less than 120 "pounds nor more than 135 pounds—Postmaster J. A. Davis listed instruction for mailing Xmas cards—Hit times were "Save Your Sororw", "Five Feet two, Eyes of .Blue",. "Sleepy Time Qal", . and. "Sweet Child". Hope Star 1 \ f. 'J»A '~/> v ,£ 'Vj 1 ' ">*? v- rtu « i i»»Bnin«w rUNBQHVT,i Arkansas: Mostly cldttdy tM . ernoon, tonight and ! ; Friday^ < sto>al tain this afterno&fr st extreme east portloft tonight, }<•* tonight, Friday tartly, ,'cl< Htfle temperature change, u 49TH YEAR: VOL. 49 — NO. 44 Star at nupe lUVVj fna 1937. Consolidated January It, 192» HOPE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 4, 1947 Many Oppose House Passage of Aid Bill By WILLIAM F. ARBOGAST Washington, Dec. 4 — (#•)—Emer- Sency help for Europe and China )cgan ils journey through the House today with an opposition cry that "all we give in thc way of aid may eventually be used against us in one way or another." Jlep. Leo Allen (R-I11) called upon his colleagues to defeat the $590,000,000 measure immediately at issue and give searching scrutiny to future foreign spending proposals lest "the industrial plants built with our money x x be used to manufacture the implements of war for Russia to use against us." Allen, chairman of the Rules Commiltee, was scheduled as the first speaker at the opening of House debate (10 a. mi CST) He made public the text of his ad- drers in advance of the session. At least two days of heated debate face the bill before it collides "head-on with a roadblock of amendments designed to reduce its financial authorization and to restrict its application. Present plans call for a final vote next Tuesday or Wednesday. Speaker Martin (R-Mass) has expressed the hope it can reach President Truman by the end of next weak. Bui between Ihe lime the bill passes the House and thc time it goes to Mr. Truman it must hurdle a Senate-House conference commit- lee, for the House is considering a different bill than the one the Sen- Chicago, Dec. 4 — (#>)—Two Arkansas county agricultural agents — John Stephens of Crittenden county and G. E. Tanner of Nevada county — received distinguished service awards at, a meeting of the National Counly Agcnls Associalion hero yesterday. Similar awards were received at a meeting of the County Home Demonstration Agcnls Association by Mary Britzman of Craighead county, Ark., and Johnny Belts of Miller county, Ark. . Associated Pfew INEA)-—Means Newspop«r Enterprise Aw'n. Nevada, Miller County Youths Receive Awards Now We'll Have Streamlined Ham i__ _ Pans, Dec. 4 — OT—The government, armed with a new and drastic anti-strike law, made some dents today in the Communist- propagated strikes which have virtually strangled French economy but confronted fresh violence on the fashionable riviera. A mob seized the post office in Cannes. Another throng was diiven back by rifle bulls and truncheons of mobile guards at the postoffice in Nice where Ihe Central Labor Committee called ageneral :;trike. The government was striving to reopen struck mines. Rail traffic leaving Paris reached 80 per cent Affairs Commitlce and $597,000,000 by Ihe Senate — and in Ihc coun- Iries that would receive it. The Senate .voted to toss the lifeline only to Italy, France and Austria. The House committee added China and suggested that $60,000,000 be earmarked for that country. Continued on Page Two Report on Highways in This District A report of condiiions of highways in this district as released , by A. G. Rives, district superintendent: nigiuvay No. 4: Dierks to Hope —Fair. Washington to Nashville— Under construction. Detour provided. Hope to Ouachita County line—Not recommended in wet weather. Gravel haul in progress. Drive with caution. Highway No. 10: Delight to Waldo—Fair condition. , 5 miles south of Prescott under construction. Traffic maintained. Highway No. 24: Lockesburg to Ouachita county line—Fair. Nashville to Blevins—Bridge out. Detour provided. Prescott to Junction £53 —Road under construction. Detjur 67 to Gurdon #53 to Junction No. 53 and No. 24. Highway No. 26: Junction No. 24 and No. 24 to Anloine—Fair lo gopd condition. Highway No. 27—Junction No. 27 and No. 71 South of Ben Lomond lo Mineral Springs — Fair. Gravel operation. Drive with caution. Mineral Springs to Kirby— Good. .Highway No. 29: Blevins lo Louisiana line—Good. Gravel being placed irom Lewisville 'to . Braa- ley. Observe warning signs. Highway No. 32: Oklahoma line to lied Bluff—Fair to good condition. Foreman to Ashdown— Under construction. Detour maintained during wet weather. Highway No. 41: DeQueen to Horatio—1 mile South of DcQueer, under construction. Use present No. 41. Horatio to Texas line- Fair to good. Highway No.. 53: Little Missouri River to Junction No. 53 and No. 24 & Junction No. 53 & No. 19 to Bodcaw—Traffic should drive wilh caution between Little Missouri River and Junction No. 24. Observe signs. Highway No. 55: Fullon lo Mineral Springs—Good. Highway No. 67: Texarkana to Clark county line —Heavy maintenance repairs from Texarkana to Clark county line. Traffic should walch for caution signs and observe all Iraffic regulations. Shoulders in some places soft and very dangerous. Highway No. 70: Oklahoma line lo Hoi Spring counly line — Fail- to good condition. Oklahoma line to DeQueen—Under construction. Detour provided. Kirby to Dierks— 'Fair lo good condition. Observe 1 warning signs. Highway No. 71: Louisiana line lo Polk county line— Good condition. Highway No. 73: Junction No. 73 and No. 4 to Saratoga—Poor. Not recommended for travel in wet weather. Highway No. 76: Junction No. 76 & No. 19 to Junction No. 76 & No. 4 —Poor condition. Not recommendod for travel in wet weather. Highway No. 82: Texarkana lo Columbia counly line— Texarkana to Garland Cily under eonslruc- tion. Delour provided. Balance good. Highway No. 84: Kirby lo Clark county line— Fair to good condition. Highway No. 108: Junction No. 108 and No. 67 Paup's Spur to Junclion No. 108 and No. 71 Index—Good. Highway No. 160: Red River levee lo Spring bank ferry— Fair condition.' •!>:••• Premier Robert Schuman's cabinet considered raising salaries of public employes and the council of mimslers seemed ready to approve raising minimum pay throughout i j ai l ce> a focal issuo in ihc strikes led by thc Communist-dominated General Confederation of Labor The National Assembly beal down Communist opposition before dawn and passed Schuman's law redefining sabotage and increasing penalties. The use of fraud, threats or violence in starting, spreadinf and prolonging strikes bec'ame an offense. In central and northern France, the back to work movement' was Saining. Officials at Lille said only 4,uOO textile workers remained on strike compared lo 125,000 a few days ago. A new syndicate of mstal workers was being formed in Paris elimmalmg Ihe Communisls. Several automobile factories in the capital called their employes back to work tomorrow. University to Ltlile Rock, Dec. 4 — (ff>)— '-The Elements of Economics" by Lode Tarshis of Leland Stanford University, which is used as an economics textbook at the University of Arkansas, may be investigated by an impartial and competent group " The investigation was suggested here yeslerdav by Dr. Lewfs Webster Jones, president of the university, after the book had drawn ::ire Irom the Warren Townsend American Legion 'Post at Hot Springs on grounds of "un-American" teach- At Marianna, Execulive Director John L. Daggett of the Arkansas *rce Enterprise Association approved an investigation, said the association had called attention of Us members to the book several months ago. q.ioted a review of ihe book and declared: "If the reviewer is even partly correct it is not a proper texl lo be used in our slale supported institutions." Dr. Jones, in a news conference expressed general personal approval oi Ihe tcxl but added: I do not want the university to be drawn into a controversy over use ot a text I am perfectly willing to meet with the (Townsend) Legion post and discuss al lenglh the contents of the book. If the post is not willing t 0 accepl my judc- menl, I suggest that we submit the question to any impartial and competent group." a A . S /V, ch Agrol 'P s D r. Jones sug- gesled the American Economic Association and ihe National Association of College Presidents Nashville Youth Crushed to Death by Father's Truck Nashville, Dec. 4 — (#)—A seven- year-old boy was crushed to death beneath his father's truck here last night. Brooks Reese said he did not see his son, Gibbs, When the latter attempted to jump on the running board of the heavy truck near the Reese hc-me. The boy fell beneath the wheels, •o Molotov'sPlan for Germany Brings Confusion JOHN M. HlGHTOWER London, Dec. 4 — (/P) —The Big I Four Foreign Minislers conference entered its second round today wilh western diplomats apparently confused and uncertain as a result of Soviet Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov'g latest maneuver on the German peace treaty. The Russian leader proposed yesterday that his!.country, the United Stales, France and Brilain should submit to the Foreign Ministers council within two months "proposals for the fundamentals of Ihe peace Ireaty lor Germany." His suggestion drew the immediate fire .of French Foreign Minister'Georges Bidault, who said Washincion Dec 4 — m— that if the four agreed to such an Russia's lishtlv- mnnntJi V arrangement they might just as wen adjourn the London meeting Even pigs now have the New Look. This new 1948 model porker , was shown at the International Livestock Show in Chicago. A rstreamlined sow, called Minnesota .No. 1. it is the result of nine years' development at the University of Minnesota. Farmers pre• diet it may become a betier "mortgage-breaker" than any other breed in history. The pig, which gives more pork for less feed, is longer and leaner, wilh its body expanding toward the hind quarters. George Slater, of Augusta, 111., holds a rod to show the streamlined silhouette. Washington, Dec. 4— (f?)— Senator Flanders (R-Vt), called today for a "real" voluntary meat rationing program and declared that any American who refused to abide by it ought to be branded "a social menace." The Vermont lawmaker told a reporter that is his answer to Secretary of Agriculture Anderson's stalement lhat he does' not see "how we can go through the .spring without price controls on meai: n Flanders reiterated his opposition to price controls on any commodities — and to President Truman's request for standby power lo impose them. "If I go for any controls on meat, it would-be rationing as a last resort," the senator said. of a Senate. -- — subcommittee which recommended enactment of hold-m-reserve authority to ration But Flanders declared today he wants the voluntary method given a lair trial first. And he added that ne does not consider the Truman administration's "meatless Tuesday" as anywhere near an adequate program. Flankers said he has in mind a voluntary rationing program which would fix the maximum number of pounds ot meat each person :;hould eat a week. "Under such a program," the senator continued, "anyone who ate more ought to be branded un- American and a social menace 'Serving quotas should be fixed, too, for hotels and restaurants, and He is chairman House economic f ny i K 1 ld not go alon e oug o be labeled as trying to wreck our economy." The Mississippi River system of Inland waterways hais approximately 600 operators of boats and ~ ES . ranging from single ves- lo large fleets. sels 103 Arkansas Prisoners to Get Furloughs Liltle Rock, Dec. 4 — (,<P) —Lucille Anderson, sentenced to life imprisonment in 1939 for the murder of Eldon Cooley near Hot Springs, is among 103 Arkansas prisoners who have been approved bv the stale parole board for Chrislmas furloughs in reward for good behavior. # She would receive a 30-day leave from the women's reformatory under the board's recommendation to Governor Laney. v *The board, meeting here yesterday, also recommended four rgeg- uj.ar furloughs and three commutations of. sentence and granted'pa- roles to 44 prisoners. Those paroled included: Raymond Pruitt| Mississippi county, sentenced Nov. 6, 1933 i'or first degree murder and serving 30 years (previously commuted from life imprisonment.) James L. Curry, Jefferson county, sentenced March 10, 1944 for robbery, servind 10 years. Henry Gulley, Drew, Sept. 27, 1940, murder, 21 years. -Benny Hays, Sebastian, May 31, 1947 forgery and uttering, two years. Eugene Keller, Greene, Dec, 3, 1945, forgery, five years. U. S. Minor, Ouachita, Sept. 1, 1U44, grand larceny, seven years. Charles Purlle, Jefferson, March 20, 2944, burglary and grand lar- centy, 10 years. Clifford Reed, Crawford, May 31, 1947, grand larceny, one year. Abraham Ridgle, Columbia, Nov. 18, 1943, second degree murder, 12 years. T. W. Tanner, Columbia, Oct. 21, 1046, assaull lo kill, three years. George Tecr, Sebastian, May 25, 194G, grand larceny, three years. Bennie Townsend, Hot Spring, Oct. 30, 1940, second degree mur- acr 21 years. Vernice Trice, Jefferson, Jan. 31, 1947, grand larceny, two years. at once because it is the fundamentals of the germ an peace settlement that they are supposed to be discussing here. Neither U. S. Secretary of Stale George C. Marshall nor British Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin made any comment, so Molotov announced that, lacking support, he would withdraw his proposal. Soviet officials said later he had had no intention of trying to break off the London meeting. His exact purpose, however, re- niained a mystery to French, Brit i-sh and American authorilies, whc . Ie Con Take Care of Themselves When Chips Are Down Forcing Them By HAL BOYLE New York — Climb a _.. Officers Administered Oath of Office Officers of the newly incorpor- fh « T of Oakh "ven, formerly the Soulhweslern Proving Ground residential area, were administered oath, of office last night by County olfieials Robert Turner and Cecil W C 1.1 V Cl*. B. E. McMahen was sworn in as mayor, Otis Burns, recorder and Cecil O'Steen, E. L. Archer, Jr I'red Kobertson and Roy Suuon as aldermen. Short talks were made by Mavor McMahen and instruclion on what to do in case of a fire was outlined by SPG Fire Chief Roberts. 51.5EO.OCO .IN TIRES Athens --(,4V- To augment Greece s transportation system ihe American Mission for Aid to Greece will purchase 33,000 tires and 20,- UOO tubes valued at $1,450,000, for Irucks and buses Irom the U.S., Great Britain, France, lnd ! a' and South Africa. Imporlalion of an additional $100,000,000 worlh of tires and tubes for passenger ears is expected soon. f . »• • 1 ^AlilJU U J.llgllL oi stairs in an elderly brick house in Greenwich Village. Open " door and you come into the -i and workshop of a lady of coin bhe is Dorothy Romaine, wnu learned how to be an interior decorator by being a janitor. borne years ago tragic circumstances compelled her to earn a Jiving by taking care of two houses. Previously she had been an artist aitist who couldn't paint," crau approximately 10 miles big results with small means is northwest of Kaiserslautern, con- thrilling. • centraled Ihe search in thai area. ?n Ihe "An arlist has Ihe s'range and Radio Signals, apparenlly eman- e home personal power of seeing things as atin fi from th e missing plane re- ourage. , a piclure. When I entered a room P lle d to flares which were dropped , who I could see the elements that made b y a superfortress circling over ur dec- it blurrsd. drab nr nnharmonious. tile s P ot where the lire was ob- • — •*-» v.iivjuaiii{5 iuvv,*.* juiiijj.3 and eliminating useless and ugly things I learned to put harmony, charm and personality into a room. ^f ., ~~i T c"7r V"" """•"••-'" ycnuu "I found lhat bcaulv is not mere- 01 my life, she said, -I had lo j ly a matter of cost "but of taste." (' f*a 11 I'rtn i-v-t i- .... i,. . U ,,*._: .. i r^ i ,, _* *•*•"•"• **** as the put it. "It seemed the blackest period blurrsd, drab or unharmonious. me s f" But by simple changes in Ihe jux- served. of objects, new color 1. Crowds excited by rumors that the ruble was about to be devalued have forced many sloies to close in the last' few days because of frantic efforts to turn paper money shared Bidault'-s view that the fundamentals of the German -peace Ireaty are an immediate'concern of thc current'.conference. 'Some Western observers speculated that ' Molotov's suggestion had merely been put forward casually. Others, suspicious of every Russian move, sought for deeper and more devious motives. Among the theories advanced by the lalter group was the possibilily that Mololov believed that should he commit the western powers o a report on the German treaty fundamentals two months hence he would delay any move on their part to set up a government in western gGermany. Establishmenl of such a government in the American, -British and French occupation zones has been regarded as likely Should the ! Big Four fail to reach any understand-' ing at their.'present sesgitm,•"••'>•••'".0 Another "theory''- cdn'Se'Spng''-"'Mitfo- tov's purpose was that* he might be trying to by-pass a tentative Big Four agreement under which the small nations which fought Germany would be consalled during ihe preliminary slages of treaty drafting as well as during Ihe peace conference. A third speculation was that Mololov believed the western powers would put forward tougher treaty proposals than Russia, and that this would work to Russia's advantage inside Germany. The Austrian independence treaty, which is the first item on the agenda for today's session beginning at 3:30 p. m. (9:30 a. m. here s the old queston of German CST). The main stumbling block here is the old question of German assets in Austria — of which Russia wanls more lhan the western powers think she should have. from savings bank accounls lesull- ed in an order to limit individual withdrawls to 200 rubles daily. These spectacular rcpoits— coming out of Russia itself—gave such a sudden new twist to the Krem- Russia Troubled by Surge of Panic Buying _„.. ..... «>,»MWMAWAI-A *i/t*u ua muttf fury mounted against partition^* Palestine, - , ,, Lf*y?<i "Fightuig ;js raging inAih'i H* WJ-» f\tf * .4,. f .J A Z _! _** •• 1 Ut . , >-,¥• itreets, ' said Associated/ i orrespondent Carter L, Davids in By EDWARD E. BOMAR economy is blc at horn „ ..„, bank runs and panic buying Moscow and other cities. Well based reports, some of „>*:,>, 'to the world in 23 lan- radio said: a telephone report ^ u ,.i v U<D scene. "The roads are .impassable* because oi roadblocks, stoner?an< damaged cars. All traffic*'/ti itopped." , t ^Vj While bolh Arab anct Jewlrti eadcis pleaded for a halt to othi wave of violence in the Midd East, other outbursts were repoi ed. In Baghdad, Iraq, a m< -p'rin'.Tc demonstrators set fire to the u^s#; wave of lnf . 0Ir . ma } I on office. Egypt -bannedfli v^nB public demonstrations after *'vio*|-' '" lence by a mob of 15,000. A bbnM! exploded in the Jewish quarter ,bf*i Beirut, Lebanon. \ t>^ An Associated Press compliatioij'? k for the three days of\i rioC throughout Palestine showed dead—15 Arabs and 10 ~ inlo durable goods. 2. A rush to withdraw money cautious Ifa'weighing the likely ef- Moscow's juheeasing propaganda against American plans to aid western Europe has hammered the' theme that (a) the capitalist United States is headed for an inevitable depression while, (b) the Soviet economy is secure, Now, however, there appear to be grave doubts among the Russian people themselves, «, De u? iled a c c o u> t s reaching Washington said the residents of Moscow seemed to consider as true rumors that the Kremlin would decree a new currency tomorrow and lhat later new >v and^higher. T>rices' would be °rde|jm'J^tfiJ8fectj' ,* ' »w»«u .fcw **L u UL> u*>v4 *w vc vra^^WM, the Arabs' strike protesting) jiatu- tion in its third and last day. HuiS dreds have been injured, ' "*" Outside battle-torn Ramie. «„»-, ish tioops were turning back trot- i, ie from Jerusalem, Insids Ac city,"i Davidson reported the new rioting,?;. was touched off when two Jewish*"-!, ms convoys, led by armored < po-> ~i lice cars, were attacked by Arab^j mobs, Fighters of Hagana, the underground Jewish militia, drove ol!" the attackers, iwqunding at leas** four Arabs, Three Jewish paesen-U ?ers in one convoy >vere ; —'•—•—' -*-** QU* w *ii utiv ww»* v v*J vvtti d 1I1J VUCU^ **\p an initial atta'cH by the jnob./A?- second wave.came soon afterward;';' Unofficial rooorts^from the^'clt*^ ear was . t ^^ i % °^^ "" **i'' '** MW '**«»*UO Vli the luble or, raiding prices for consumer goods would be a harsh blolr to savings. Together, such aclions would have the same effect as in- ilalion in Ihe forms made familiar in China and olher countries. There, _ inflallon is measured n terms of foreign currencies and prices have assumed aslronomical proportions. In Russia, however, the ruble has an arbitrarily decreed value of 20 American cents, although foreign diplomats have been permitted an exchange rate of eight to the dollar. There is no free convertibility, as .in. the case of French Jrancs ana dollars and and dollars. As received here fiom sources a position lo_know, the mforma- buycrts \ SDre 5' up a shops to of Jleed or. intrinsi g e By week's end one of Moscow's principal department stores, Mos- jlorg, shul ils doors and posled for re- Other establishments closed for inventory Rescue Parties Try to Reach Missing Plane Frankfurt, Dec. 4 - (m -Ground Ru^sfan embassy tn»r rescue parlies battled snow, fog f uc ?h infonmtfon hm.« and dense woods today in an effort • information,here.' lo reach Ihe spol where an Atneri- besieged, the reports said The reporls of Soviet difficulties brought the comment from the ve have no can C-47 transport plane, missing since Friday with 20 persons aboard, is believe lo have crashed in rugged country in the French zone of Germany. A 50-foot line of fire -— apparently burning oil — which was observed last night by rescue aircraft approximately 15 miles Russia and insisted lhat the ruble gaining rather than losing i»^i«uion 01 objects new color An advance rescue party trying to patterns, redoing old pieces of reach the spot by ground was last furniture, choosing lovely lamps recorted about twn milps fmm it>: clean rooms, scrub stairs, stoke furnaces. I was dumb with endless fatigue and despair." "^ KUH . f.™ aespair. career. She still specializes in help- iioLibling her spirit most was the ing people of low-budget incomes lact her labor gave no outlet to who "need beauty in their sur- ne creative force she fell wilhin foundings" bin haven't time or lal- Ilf*P_ l(-ll-\f+^,J_JI. 1 !'.._. — -**u. i v»i tjj. uu&L UUi wi. v«oi.t;. Gradually Mrs. Uomaine converted this hobby into a fulltime She still specializes in help- .'.'; i was an artist faced with the neeessity to earn a living, yet in ent to do their own decorating. In the bric-a-brac of dusty auction rooms in lower Manhattan , ye n- ooms n lower anaa M ,, to create —in some i she turns up inexpensive bargains other - sho s;lld - fuld s man of 'ur other," she said. But if one channel is blocked, the creative forae of an arlist must find another outlet. Mrs. Romaine found hers in painling. repairing iurnilure and redecorating the two old houses. "I learned I could make a pic- " ture out of a room." she said. The discovery changed her whole life, and for that she is still grale- ful. "Tragedy makes you go forward." she said. "You have to '— there's nothing to so back tu. You 0 have to be daring"" Little by little she tested ^r;;wing skill by redecorating apartments of her friends. Her problem was to do this without a large expenditure of money, as her friends weren't the type who buy furniture by the vanload j "But every artist loves a chal- llenge," she said, "and, to achieve finds many fine old pieces of i'urni- uire disguised by coats of cheap paint. "Having no money taught me 'hat it isn't the price you pay — il s what a thing is that's important." she said, "and I don't agree with people who bellyache thai life is dismal." Her own creed — taken from thc New Testament — is painted over her fireplace and gives her daily comfort: "Now faith is the substance of things hoped for. the evidence of . reported about two miles from ils objeclive, but radio contact with Ihis group — composed of 20 American soldiers — was losl in midmorning. The parly was equipped wilh jeeps and an ambulance. Other American troops as well as French and German searchers, also were converging on the area. Al Frankfurt airport headquarters of the rescue operations, a C- 47 loaded with food and medicines waited the signal to take off as soon as word was received that the wrecked plane or any of its survivors had been sighted. Officials directing Ihe search , .. . . i ii May Take Away Tax Exemptions to Officers Washington, Pec. 4 — (ff) —Congress will take away at least part oi Ihe lax exemplion given officers of ihe-frmed services, who are retired for disability if it follows a suggestion of the U. S Treasury. :-. A majority of-all officers retired — army, nayy and marines —left — army, nayy and marines —left The 13th annual convention active service because of disability oil dealers o£ Arkansas will The lotal is 35,005. Under present held December 9 at Little' 1 ! Arabs and Jews By JOSEPH C. GOODWIN Hjf Jerusalem, >Dec. 4 —,:(&) — A" vld«l$ -j of 15 bulle,ts{,-and<ith.a Arab'drivejc Continued on Page Two \> Strikes May Rpme,, Deb.,4 -WPpWe id -disorders\ broke' but >**«>** vtw* w -i f^f, w*hv WMV >••* **O today amid persistent rumors, of A impending shakeup in the Ca of the Christian Democratic mier, Alcde De Gasperi. • * The interior ministry reported^ police at Ragusa, Sicily, werj'* forced to fire on demonstrated who attempted to destroy a ship- mcnt of U. S. coal. Striking asphalt miners declared the imports preta diced their demands, ' . ™ ', General strikes in Fraseatl/Ve letri, Albano,, Nettuno and Anzio' Interrupted traffic between ' these'* communities and the cities of ' ,,„,. ,— Rome, Heavy rain MV a planned march on Rome by employed in the wine-growins telh Ramon! zone outside ~ near Castel Gandolfo, the T indent Rome ^V P . news- i. tvi***'-*. j-rw Mua^JCi..* o tdlfVO vyAVll Ihe Republicans and Labor Social" » tits had reached a "decisive. * stage." <f *'.^ paper wlth Socialists (Moderate <t TUef Winging toward an agreemei the Republicans. M| , _ o v;< ,^vf * iV Presbyterian Men of Church Hold Monthly Meet *** ^ ' K..-A* L**/ae R a>l George Peck, Chamber of Com£< merqe President, discussed "**"*-* man Relationship" la§t night . the regular monthly meeting of t Presbyterian Men-of-Ghurch, Mr, Peck was presented program arranged by Frai Larty. —' 0 1 T~Local Oilmen to Attend Arkansas Convention The 13th annual convention "q| regulalions their lelirement pay is entirely tax-free. The rules were termed by the treasury as unfair to officeis retired for age or length of service and who must pay the full tax. It suggested a -restriction of ex- wilh Guy Williams, Attorney „* eral, and Warrpn C. Platt, Qley land, Ohio, heading the }isf speakers, M. S. Bates, state con man and chairman of the stead urges alt IQC, -- —oo—^ ,.. **"vt»\-v*w»* VA CA- aicau <i9auvi^^V*« ufges ail iocs ernpiion on disability pay to the oilmen, to attend, as importer propor ion which coi responds, to problems facing the industry'-^1 "disabihiy for purposes of civihan.be dtspussed. ' * ,'. empluyint'nl." mittee has voted to send out questionnaires to all officers returned for disabilities other than battle said they were almost certain they wounds. were on the right track but could The chairman, Rep. Elslon (R- not declare thev had definilely lo- Ohio) said informalion on present An army listener reported he had received at 4 a. in. a message from the grounded plane saying: "In very urgenl need of help." employment, pay, dale of last phy- he sical examination and last promotion would be sought. The treasury proposal would al- ings not seen.' — . She is proud that she is no the (burden on her grown daughter and "-•• a son, now attending an eastern university. "Th^ children don't have to worry about what they'll do wilh Mama," she laughed. "Inslead uiey wonder what Ihe devil Mama wiU do next." '•'•'- 1.20 Inches of Rain in Hope During Night The mercury went to a "Spring- like" 71 degrees yesterday and was accompanied by 1.20 inche.s of rainfall, the Experiment Stalion imported' today. Low for tbe period wat, §5 degrees. feet retired enlisted men also, but The committeemen of Association will attend % P dinner at Hotel Marion,the Pep. 8. A Urge group j tend from fiope. Stolen Auto He?* f0day $arly this lopaf a much'smaller percentage of'men ^^f "J*»? "*"***W« in the ranks are retired for di$abil- apprehended a negro, „,,., Iderson, lor theft of an au ity. last night negro was in LIFE TERMER HAPPY negro wa? csugq Sydney, Australia — MR— One to slow up for a life termer in the Mount Gambler highway, jail seems contented with the ariangement. A lizaid brought to ^,. when fee the jail 1926 by one tne jaii m iaso oy one o* we v«*t«^w — guards suns himself every day a mejla hag. in the pilsoners' exercise y«d. Ijt lo\v-h,?ing«i§ has been gut on pawle onjy when it was entered Ju a pet r,«*i IK/MA a TM'Wa ^ * 'wor» a LONG M^V 11 WAVE

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