The Evening Times from Sayre, Pennsylvania on August 25, 1939 · Page 1
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The Evening Times from Sayre, Pennsylvania · Page 1

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Friday, August 25, 1939
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evening Times JHE WEATHER Mostly cloudy and slightly cooler tonight. Saturday generally fair. pULL EASED or THB ASSOCIATED PRESS and UNITED PRESS ' Eer U F.tetot SnnilaT LARGEST HOME DELIVERED PAID CIRCULATION IN THE VALLEY. VOL, XLVII NO. 124 HUH AEB NUED iffl Mill, fill PACT ROOSEVELT STILL SEES HOPES FK PEACE . o .. o " War Not Certain President Says At Press Parley Optimistic Statement Follows His Appeal to Hitler to Avo'd Conflict THREE COURSES Suggests Direct Negotiation, 'Arbitration or Conciliation Procedure WASHINGTON, Aug. 25 (AP) -President Roosevelt said today he did not regard the present European situation as certain to result in war. The chief executive, discussing the critical foreign situation at a press conference, made this statement when asked whether he would call a special session of congress to act on new neutrality legislation. Speaking to reporters only a few hours after he had addressed peace appeals to Adolf Hitler and Polish President Ignace Moscicki, Mr. Roosevelt said he had made perfectly clear before that he would not call congress unless it was reasonably certain war was imminent. Saying there had been some confusion over the word imminent, he declared it carried the connotation of certainty and then went on to say he did not believe the present situation was certain to bring hostilities. Every one devoutly hopes that war is not certain, he declared. Asked whether the hope of which he spoke was based on any (Continued on Page 8, Column 6) T T LONDON, Aug. 25 (AP) Determined to conserve her gold resources for possible war needs, Great Britain today withdrew market support for the pound sterling against the United States dollar. The pound dropped sensationally in its dollar relationship from $4.68 to $4.38. Despite pressure, the British stabilization fund until today had teen able to keep the pound in 1939 at $4.68 Vs. Last September it slumped to the "Munich low" of $4.60. The London gold price rose to a record figure of 150 shillings, sixpence per fine ounce, an overnight increase of two shillings one-pence. ERGUNDW RUSS-NAZI TREATY BRINGS CHANGE IN JAPANESE POLICIES TOKYO, Aug. 25 (UP) Japan nas decided to abandon her European foreign policy as a result of the new Soviet-German pact, Kozo Ota, cabinet secretary, announced today. The announcement said that a meeting of the cabinet agreed to jettison the policy "previously being prepared" in regard to Europe, where Japan has cooperated under the anti-Communist alliance with Italy and Germany. In the future, the announcement said, Japan will, pursue an independent foreign policy based on the government's moral views without regard for the international situation. ' The government was understood to have taken the attitude that Germany violated the anti-Communist alliance by concluding the non-aggression pact .with OVER 5.000 DELIVERIES U. S. READY FOR If III II Series of Proclamations Will Be Issued on Outbreak of Hostilities to Maintain Neutrality WASHINGTON, Aug. 25 (AP) A series of government orders and proclamations was nearly ready today for issuance the moment war should come in Europe, so as to protect the United States from the shocks of the conflict. The draits, prepared at meetings' of high federal officials, cover steps to be taken for the financial markets, commodity markets, shipping, airplane services, communications, and the like. They are authorized under the neutrality act. Some of the orders would apply to problems which did not arise at the time of the World war. Short wave radio transmission, it was learned, would be controlled by government attaches. Because short wave transmission goes to Europe, its operation might be regarded as unneutral. Such stations would not be permitted to broadcast matter likely to be regarded as unneutral by one side or the other. Comparable supervision, however, would not be exercised over the medium wave stations operating principally for the (Continued on Page 5, Column 3) s TO ROME, Aug. 25 (AP) Two classes of Italian reservists were called to the colors today, bringing those under arms to a total of six classes. The classes called today were composed of those men born in 1903 and 1913. They were unofficially estimated to add about 500,000 men to the 1,300,000 already under arms. Russia. After the cabinet meeting, Foreign Minister Hachiro Arita visited Emperor Hirohito at Hayama and it was believed that he communicated the cabinet decision to the emperor. There were numerous conferences among national leaders, including cabinet and non-cabinet members, on the serious situation for Japan precipitated by the German-Russian pact. A dispatch to the newspaper Yomiuri from London reported that the British ambassador here had been instructed to ascertain the feasibility of opening negotiations with Japan on the entire Chinese situation. Dispatches from China indicated improvement in Japanese-British relations at Hankow and Tientsin. PICK 0 IS US EVERY DAY BUSINESS US ESI SINCE FALL F 183? State College Survey Reveals State Trend Upward for the Third Consecutive Month; Gain Is General STATE COLLEGE, Pa., Aug. 25 (UP) Touching the highest point since November, 1937, business in Pennsylvania gained in July over June, the third consecutive month that increases were noted over the year's low point reached in April, the Pennsylvania State College's business survey showed today. July's index of industrial activity rose to 76.4 per cent of the 1923-25 level, a gain of 1.6 points from June to July. This was 14.4 points or 23 per cent above the level of July, 1938. During last month, manufacturing activity rose nearly 24 per cent; anthracite production 13 percent; bituminous coal production 32 per cent and crude petroleum production 11 per cent. Building contracts awarded were nearly $26,000,000, a gain of 53 per cent over those of a year ago and the highest for any month in the past four years with one exception. July carloadings in Ihe Allegheny district increased 21 per cent over those of last year. Steel ingot production at Pittsburgh was 20 points higher than a year ago while that in eastern Pennsylvania was 12 points higher. U. S. ARE WATCHED PHILADELPHIA, Aug. 25 (U P) Customs officials ordered regulations today on foreign vessels leaving here with cargoes for Europe. Complete mainfest lists were requested by customs authorities before foreign ships were issued clearance papers from the Philadelphia port. The regulations were ordered when several vessels loaded cargoes considered "unusual" in view of the present war crisis in Europe. One of the ships leaving here yesterday was the Danish freighter Bonita, enroute to Bordeaux, France, loaded to capacity with coke for use in blast furnaces of the munitions industry. A Norwegian tanker, Solstad, the British tanker, Coco, and the Italian tanker Birmia, cleared the port loaded with oil. Scrap metal was aboard the Norwegian freighter, Ferland, headed for Italy. Previously the freighter Goslar, of the North German Lloyd line, left unexpectedly with sufficient coal to carry her to Germany, although originally scheduled for New Orleans and gulf ports. It was also reported by shipping companies that vessels still were sailing to Gdynia, Poland's outlet to the Baltic sea. PORTSMOUTH, N. H., Aug. 25 (UP) Preparations for the final lift of the Squalus progressed so rapidly today that navy salvagers predicted the sunken submarine with its 26 dead might be brought to the surface early next week. A test blow was to be mpde this morning in the forward compartments. If they are found to be airtight the next lift will be only a matter of days. Should the tests reveal an air leak, however, the lift would have to be deferred until late next week. VESSELS s PROCEEDS RAPIDLY SAYRE, PA., FRIDAY, AUGUST 25, 1939 r Polish Gun - Functioning; like a piece of well-oiled machinery, a Polish anti-aircraft squad Is shown at gunnery prac. tice near the western frontier where the first blow is expected to Sail in the event of a German attack. mm ASSERTS IS WARSAW, Aug. 25 (UP) Poland believes that direct negotiations on equal terms are the best guarantee of freedom, President Ignace Moscicki declared today in response to a message from King Leopold of the Belgians, urging peaceful settlement of Poland's quarrel with Germany. ' Foreshadowing Poland's reply to President Roosevelt's message urging negotiation for mediation, the President said: "Poland was and is of the opinion that permanent power cannot be built upon the blood of those who are weaker. "Poland always has believed and continues to believe that the best guarantee of freedom are direct negotiations but only when the rights and interests of both parties are respected." Meanwhile the Polish army was brought to full strength while wo men ioined men thorugnout the country in digging air raid shel ters and trenches in parks and in the outskirts of towns. Mobilizations had ceased and it was assumed that all of the first line reserves had been absorbed into the army, bringing it to a figure between 1,500,000 and 2,000,000 men. The troops were disposed facing the German frontiers, ready for any eventuality. Mayors of all cities and towns, including Warsaw, appealed not enly to men but to women to volunteer for the hard physical labor of digging air raid trenches, and at dawn women were using shovels and swinging picks alongside their men. ill NEW YORK, Aug. 25 (UP) A firm tone developed on the stock market today and trading became more orderly. Opening steady in leading issues the market held its own through morning dealings. Around noon most stocks showed gains ranging to more than a point. Best gainers were Chrysler at 75 up VA Bethlehem Steel 55!,2 up 3.4', American Smelting 415g up IVi; Kennecott 33 "z up l5s; Stars Roebuck 75 up 1; Phelps Dodge ZlVi up Hi and Hercules Powder 73 up 2V2. A few issues registered losses of sizeable amounts, but they were in a minority. General Cable preferred dropped 4l,i points to 50. American Brake Shoe was down 2 points and Ligget & Myers preferred lost a similar amount, RECT PARLEY PAC IUL4RKET IS FRMFR I NIHIL Til ORDERLY Pointing, Toward Germany The War Crisis In Brief By UNITED PRESS BERLIN Hitler in war council; Nazis say Polish army eager to attack; deny receiving Roosevelt's peace , appeal. WASHINGTON Roosevelt messages Hitler and Moscicki urging direct negotiations, arbitration and mediation. LONDON Eritish take faint hope from Roosevelt message; merchant ships commandeered, fleet at battle stations, crowds sing in streets; dollar-sterling trading suspended; bomb shelter ready for royal family. PARIS Italy advises French to urge Poland to give in to Germany; war factories and personnels requisitioned; Dala-dier plans emergency cabinet changes, speaks to nation tonight; troops swamp railways. WARSAW Women and men dig air raid trenches; Polish army believed to be fully mobilized. MOSCOW Supreme Soviet council called for Monday; Molotov to explain tieaty. DANZIG German training warship arrives; frontier quiet and closed. OTTAWA Canada to mobilize trade and industry for self defense and aid to Britain. TOKYO Japanese denounce Russian-German treaty, will act independently. FRENCH TAKE OVER PLANTS WORKING ON GOVERNMENT JOBS PARIS, Aug. 25 (UP) The government requisitioned factories working on government contracts today as Italy reportedly urged France to advise Poland to give in to Germany. It was understood the French government had urged Poland to remain calm but there was no indication it had changed its determination to aid the Poles in the event of a German attack. The Italian suggestion, an authoritative source said, was made by Count Galeazzo Ciano, foreign minister, through Andre Francois Poncet, French ambassador to Rome. Foreign Minister Georges Bonnet conferred with the Italian ambassador here today. The extent of the French recommendation to Poland, it was understood, was that the Poles do nothing which Germany could construe as an act of provocation. In addition to requisitioning the factories, and their personnel, the government decreed a moratorium on debts and negotiable instruments of reservists called to the colors. Premier Edouard Daladier decided to await general mobilization by Germany before convoking the cabinet to decree general French mobilization, although France was rushing troops up to reinforce the Maginot line by the hundreds of thousands. Daladier addresses the nation by radio tonight (4 p.m. EDT) on the emergency that has France mobilizing with all haste for war. The general view was that little hope remained for peace. REPRESENTED EVERYWHERE DAMAGE 1 STORM S 51010 LANCASTER, Pa., Aug. 25 (UP) Damage was estimated at more than $10,000 in southern Lancaster county today as result of freak electrical storms which swept the area, flooding fields and highways and crippling communications. Mr. and Mrs. Charles Ferry and three children were left homeless when lightning fired their bungalow at Quarryville. Jessie Aukamp, 12, was reported in fair condition at Lancaster General hospital after being stunned by a lightning bolt while sitting on the porch of her Quarryville home. Lightning destroyed the barn of Isaac Smoker at Intercourse. Smoker's season's crops were ruined. SANTIAGO, Chile, Aug. 25 (U P) The government announced today that loyal troops had dominated an attempted revolt by the Tacna artillery regiment. The uprising was put down "immediately," the government said. Army, air force, navy and Cara-binero leaders reiterated their support of the government, it was announced. CHILE QUICKLY QUELLED IN THE WORLD Formal Pledge Of Protection Given to Poles Alliance Emphasizes British Declarations That Government 'Means Business'; Tension Mounts to Almost Unbearable Pitch in 'War of Nerves'; Poles Protest Alleged Nazi Violations of Territory; Hitler Summons Henderson for Conference LONDON, Aug. 25 (UP) Great Britain and Poland signed a mutual assistance pact today in the midst of the climactic phase of Europe's war of nerves. With tension mounting to an almost unbearable pitch and with Nazi pressure against Poland increasing hourly as a result of numerous border clashes, British Foreign Secretary Viscount Halifax and Polish Ambassador Count Edward Raczynski met at the Foreign Office and completed the formal alliance. In effect, the pact made formal the pledge of defensive POLES PROTEST WARSAW, Aug. 25 (UP) The government today instructed the Polish ambassador in Berlin to protest to the German foreign office concerning alleged violations of Polish territory. The protest was made as Poland brought her army to full strength and men and women were digging air raid shelters and trenches in parks and outskirts of cities and towns. President Ignace Moscicki meanwhile, responding to the peace appeal of King Leopold of Belgium, declared that Poland believed "di- rect negotiations" on equal terms the best guarantee for freedom. The communique announcing the protest said five frontier incidents had occurred today as compared with only three yesterday. HENDERSON CALLED BERLIN. Aug. 25 (AP) The British ambassador, Sir Nevile Henderson, was summoned suddenly to see Reichsfuehrer Hitler this afternoon as authoritative Nazis forecast German refusal to follow President Roosevelt's suggestions for settlement of German-Polish differences. No one here would intimate the nature of the conversation between Sir Nevile and Hitler, which occurred shortly after 1 p. m. (7 a. m. EST. I earlier uei man bum Ltra saiu me : Soviet ambassador in Warsaw was endeavoring to prevail upon Poland peacefully to give in to Ger- (Continued on Page 8, Column 5) PLATTSBURG 'WAR' IS ENDED IN DRAW; CAMP WILL CLOSE PLATTSBURG, N. Y., Aug. 25 (AP) The second battle of Platts-lmrg, fought just 150 years after 1 Colonial troops made history on the shores of Lake Champlain, ended today on a sodden, rain-drenched battlefield with 36,000 National Guardsmen and 16,000 regulars locked in a bloodless, no-decision combat. i While reports filtering in from the "front" at dawn indicated an invading "black" army of guardsmen had spent the night hammering a slowly yielding "blue" corps of regulars, umpires said no attempt would be made to decide 'who won the war." In a statement marking the end of hostilities, Lieut, Gen. Hugh A. Drum, commander of the first irmy, chalked the whole thing up to training and declared the most important object had been accom PRICE THREE CENTS military support already given by Great Britain and France to Poland. But as a dramatic move in Europe's vast diplomatic struggle the sudden signing of the treaty was a counter-blpw against the Nazi maneuvers, which included conclusion of a treaty with Soviet Russia. Again, it emphasized the British declarations that this government means business when it says it will meet force with force. The agreement consists of eight articles laying down the circumstances in which the two countries would come to the assistance of each other and it replaces and gives formal effect to the provi- ,, . . . Vnrotm M; , Josef Beck Q LondQn spring. All day Europe had been speed- (Continued on Page 8, Column 5) m BUCHAREST, Aug. 25 (AP) Authoritative quarters said today that a non-aggression pact between Hungary and Roumania "is nearly ready for signature." They said discussions were "very far advanced" and that the proposed treaty had been drawn up. Official quarters in Budapest denied that any such negotiations were in progress but declared "there may be something in the future." plished in teaching the men "what it's all about." To the troops, rain-drenched and war-weary after two nights in the field with bare ground for a bed, the cessation of fighting meant immediate return to their home stations and a well-earned rest. Some of the units returned to their base camps scattered over the 450-square-mile battle zone to clean equipment and strike their tents before departing. A thunderstorm which swept the area late yesterday left dead in its wake three Connecticut Na-'ional Guardsmen, members of tile 43rd division, who were struck by lightning. Fifteen soldiers were treated in the Plattsburg barracks hospital for injuries resulting from the storm, and uncounted others were treated at first aid stations, 11 REPORTS HIARIA

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