Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana on April 10, 1894 · Page 4
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April 10, 1894

Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana · Page 4

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Logansport, Indiana
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Tuesday, April 10, 1894
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John Gray's "CORNER" ON FIVE CENT GOODS. LOOK IN OUR NORTH WINDOW AND SEE HOW MANY USEFUL ARTICLES YOU CAN BUY FOR FIVE CENTS. WE WILL SELL YOU MORE GOOD GOODS FOR A NICKLE OR A DOLLAR THAN ANY OTHER HOUSE IN THIS PART OF THE STATE. COME AND SEE US. DAILY JOURNAL II. Henderson & Sons OF FURNITURE, AND UPHOLSTERS. Ho. 320 Fourth Street, IOGANSPORT, IND - JPACTOBYJ - Hos.5,7an<l9FfflliStreet F. M. BOZER, D. D. S, DENTIST. fH "Hale Painless Metnod" used in tne fllllng of leetn. •nee over state National Bank •inter Fourth ana and Broadway FREE READING ROOM, Open Dally and Eveninu, 616 Broadway. Welcome to All, TIME TABLE 'HIM Wl OMINIO PAHEMHI IUK LOGANSPORT MS£SuS&35n t£b#:.:::~.::.::.:. ii» p £ wMT»omn>.' ,.1038 am Hirer IM-r., iKWaiuporfc wmt Bid* Jt*tw««B Iio«an»port and Oblll. Uff BOUVD. 4HMBO(W)ao,LMra.«IMpt8aDd»7. •• " - aotmt). MMaodattou, Mm. «xo«pt Bundw, JOO a m Mtnnodiaoa, antre, " " Idftam The Pennsylvania Station. ennsylvania Lines. Yraina Bun by Central Ttm* AH 1-oLi.ovr* : Dullr. t D«llr, «*o«tJ« Sn I sod Colombo!. ...... •19.80 » m • 8.00 » m andM«wYoik...*U.80am » 8,0o« J*and Cln«lniiatr.'>13.M>pm • l.»D d and Colombo* -•»•» P» IJ-S 0 * —t and New York..* 3.90 p m • 1.1» p m jod 1"""- ~,t 1.901 m t '.«5 p m ~ .™.ZI;: « uo p m * lift p m MdinteittediaM..,* alOpmi »ia.Mp m i andMatunoud 12JOpm flLOOan __J«AS)SSStlon. "I-—"-!•« — MafUn Acoomodstlon.»,._.. A A. HtODLLOnttH, 1.00pm f».4Spm 6.M p m t 9.40 a • <lo«rtA«eirt. lofBUport, Ind. VANDALIA LINE. I«MT« Ijocaiuport, lad. r«x m JTOETH. aon.mgA.it tor 8 FOl TM1 fODTI. «SS3M*n»'OM, HTUK Hi ^ ana for mU mformattai - the wfek Dy the Price per Annum Price per Month $6.00 . 60 THE OFKICIAL PAPER OF THE CITV. FEntered us s<woml-clnss mntter at the Logansport Post OfUce, February 8, H to nun C, KDQEWORTH, Agent, MMAMVW'OMVt W» TUKSDAY MOliNING, APRIL 10. BRICK'S POSITION. Senator Brloe says that 50 cent wheat has come to atay; that other products will be reduced in proportion and that wages will alao decline He considers this a normal condition, brought ahout by free trade agitation tho republican conditions being bolstered and unnatural. Senator Brlce omits mention of the capitalist in his description of this return to normal conditions and when it ia remembered that the capitalist who formerly could buy one bushel of wheat with hli hoarded dollar can now buy two it ia seen that by the simple depreciation in wheat and other commodities he is twice as wealthy; that is, his millions have twice ai much purchasing power. And this ia the purpose of free trade. The poor man is made "twice as poor," tho rich man "twice as rich" by the change. Under the cry that "protection makes the rich richer and the poor poorer" the leaders of democracy fought their battles and led their own followers into bondage. It teems plain now to many who were blinded. There is an object lesion which is more Influential far than the ory of demagogues. Cleveland IB not a Moses and the Children of Is rail have been taking the back track. From present indications they are do- Ing the "about face" and MoKlnley will be the true Moses. WELPON WEBSTER announces hie candidacy for mayor in this issue of the Journal. Mr. Webster is wel known to the people of Logansport. Ho has been prominently identified with public movements. He was president ot the Trades and Labor Assembly for some time. He was nominated for mayor by the republicans at the last general city election and came within eight Totes of an election though the city was 350 democratic. It was generally believed at that time that be was elected but counted out. The figures show th»t this was probably the case. He was nominated for representative by the republicans at the last county election and ran ahead of hit ticket, He is a faithful and true citizen, honest and capable, and will fill with credit the position to which he aspire*. CHARLES H. STABR announces in this issue bl« candidacy toe mayor, subject to the republican nominating convention. Mr. Starr came to Logan sport thirty years ago and entered, the employ of the Fan Handle company. He was promoted from time to time and finally was put in charge of the car department. At one time he was nominated by the republicans for joint representative, Cass and Miami, and in that race carried Cass county by 26 majority. Mr. Starr is a steady, Industrious citizen, a good, careful business man, a man of convictions and character who would fill the office with credit if he should be choten. ••LITTLE BBODY" has had an election. The State oasts only about 30,000 votes. Two years ago the democratic candidate for Governor had a plurality. Thii time the re. publican candidate hat 6,000 plurality. Two years ago the democrat! had one branch of the legislature. This time the legislature in all Its branches stands 103 republicans, 6 democrat*. This is a fair indication of the sentiment of the country. SENATOR HIIX addressed the Senate yesterday on the tariff bill and attacked the income tax, announcing that he would attack other features of the bill later. He roundly scored Gresham, and the president, for appointing him, in a reference to tho Hawaiian policy. His speech indicated that there was a probability of defeating the Wilson bill, especially if amendments asked for were refused. THE DEMOCRATS HAVE FIVE MBMBEE8 OF THE COUNCIL AND WITH THE MAYOR'S VOTE CAN CONTROL THE BODY—Pharos, May 6th, 1892. * ^z EARL OF KIMBERLEY. oreikt Urltmln't X«w Keorutary for For* elirn AB»lr«. The earl of Kimberloy, who succeeds Lord llosobery in the most responsible position in thr British cabinet, tluit of secretary of foreign affairs, is nearly hovunty years old, having boon born January 7, ISili. and lias lia'd lonf? experience in publiu life, ilo was 0110 of the csirly political associates of Mr. Glaiistone and has helped him in shapiTi.T and uari-y ing-out policies np to'tho pruscut. At tho early a"i- of twunty-six he was appointed under sucroury of state for foreign affairs ami held the position under Lords Aberdeen and Pahnerston until 1850, -when ho was appointed envoy at EAIU. OF KJMBKI1LKY. St. Petersburg. He returned from Russia two years later and resumed his place in the foreign office in Lord Palmorston's second administration. In 1868 ho was sent on a special mission to the north of Europe with a view of obtaining some settlement of the Schleswig-Holstein question, and in the year following was appointed under secretary for India, He shortly afterward succeeded the late earl of Carlisle in the lord lieutenancy of Ireland, resigning on the fall of Lord Russell's second administration. Ho held the office of lord privy seal in Mr. Gladstone's administration from December, 1888, to July, 1870, and that of secretary of state for tho colonies from the latter date until the retirement of Mr. Gladstone in 1874, On Mr. Gladstone's return to power six years later he was reappointed secretary of state for the colonies. In 1883 ho was made secretary of state for India, remaining in the office three years, was reappointed on the formation of Mr. Gladstone's third cabinet in February, 1886, and again reappointed last year. BEFORE THE COUKI UK ULAIMb Btanj- Notnblo and Curlonn Uomundi Upon Uncle Sum (or Money. Anything- like a complete history of the claims which have at various times been broug-lit against the United States government would fill many volumes. Not a few are now or have been in the past prepared by cranks and knaves, and in many cases, it must be admitted, these seem to have as much chance for satisfaction as some of those which, to all appearances,' are legitimate. One. of the most peculiar is that of the Childs family, of Philadelphia. In 1777 congress sent spies to Montreal to report upon preparations then being made by the British government to subjugate her rebellious colonies. The men were appointed by Oen. Washington and a George W. Childs was one of them. The general gave them certificates to the effect that their wages •were well earned, but the compensation promised Mr. Childs by the continental congress was not paid, and his heirs petitioned the fifty-second congress for 12,000,000, which they affirm to be the principal and interest due them. Another interesting claim is that of Richard W. Meade, of Gettysburg. At the 'time when the 0nlted States pur- phased Florida they agreed to assume all the claims which American citizens had against Spain. Among these claims was one for $373,879, which had been allowed by Spain to Mr. Meade, and which, under the terms of the treaty, should have .been promptly settled,' Mr. Meade was unable to obtain from the Spanish government the proofs upon which his accounts had been settled in Spain, and without these tho United States courts refused to act The case has been before congress nearly a score of times and has been reported favorably nearly every time, but it w»s never acted upon by both housei of the same congress. Tho original claimant died years ago, and, according to Kate Field's Washington, if evet the heirs are able to get their claim through they will be the richer by several million dollars. One of the most curious claims ever put into a congressional bill was originally presented by Mr. Weaver, who is now better know as a recent presidential candidate on the people's party ticket It was afterward rein- trodnced by Mr. Smith, of Illinois. The bill proposed to pay to federal soldiers the difference In value between the gold dollar and the depreciated currency in which they were paid during the war. This depreciation ranged from 25 to 31-2 cents on a dollar and it was estimated that it would take about 1500,000,000 to satisfy the terms of th« bill. Mr. Joseph Wheaton is recorded as a gallant soldier In the revolution, who. served throughout the war. During 1780-88 congress passed an act guaranteeing half-pay for life to every officer who stayed in the service to the end of the nght for liberty. Maj. Wheaton never received one dollar of the money promised. Moreover, during the war of 1813 this gallant officer' used thirty thousand dollars of bis own money with, which to purchase army supplies at a time when the army must have perished without this aid. He was then acting as assistant qnartermaster- general. This money likewise never was returned to him, although congress doubtless intended that it should be,... ' •....*.' Some time after the major'* death a bill for the relief of the daughter finally succeeded in passing both honijMof.. atnurnw durlnr the s»m« s«*lon, but' by a fatal reference, was made not to the treasury but to the interior department, and the daughter died in poverty, although the undoubted heir to plenty. in Georgetown there lives an old lady whose husband was ;v soldier in tlio northern array. During the war tho federal troops used herfrmn as a camping-ground and her live stock and other movable property as their own. The damage is put at $20,000, but she will probably never get her money. There aro -said to bu more than 1.5,000 claims, acknowledged to be perfectly just, dating from revolutionary times to the last war, which cannot get a satisfactory settlement from congress. Ono of the oldest is that of Janius Bell, a Canadian, who spent a fortune in building and fitting out throe vessels for the Yankees during tho revolution. Ho was afterwards arrested for treason, his unspent property confiscated and his life spared only through the clemency of tho English king, who, it is said, was tho man's cousin. Bell was released on parole, and at the close of the war returned to this country. Pointing to Washington's proclamation that whosover assisted us in our struggle for freedom should bo rewarded if WQ were successful, ho asked for aid. He died without it very poor.— Memphis Commercial. PREPARING METAL FOR SHOT. Anxutc In Smnll Quantittal It MU«d with the I'lirn Lcud. The metal for making shot has to be very carefully prepared. Tin is very commonly found as an alloy of lead, but if there is so little as one pound of tin in six tons of lead the material will not produce shot; it will only yield oblong slugs. Pure lead will not make Bhot. It must have with it a proportion of arsenic. The latter roust have something the same effect upon lead ns lard or butter has on pastry; it makes It brittle. To begin with, the metal is put into a pot with thirty pounds of arsenic to each ton of lead. The mixture is heated to a cherry red, which signifies about two thousand degrees Fahrenheit The alloy thus prepared is made into pigs of one hundred pounds each. One of these pigs is melted together with one thousand pounds of pure lead, and thus.is obtained the material required for the shot. Not long ago a sensation was made in the newspapers by writers who asserted that game killed with shot that were loaded with arsenic must be poisonous. Of course, nothing could be more absurd. The effect of this mineral on the metal is to cause the latter when melted to form itself naturally into globules like quicksilver. When the man at the furnace wishes to ascertain whether his molten stuff is heated to the right temperature, ho throws a little of it upon cool iron. If correct it splits into a lot of rolling globules, resembling mercury. All being in readiness, he skims off from the top of the melting pot a quantity of the impure stuff that floats on the surface. He puts a layer of this in the bottom of one of the saucepans. When partly cool it is of a putty-like consistency. It is very porous. Now the operator holds th« saucepan over the central shaft, which is boxed in with planks all the way to the bottom of the tower. Looking down one can see a faint shimmer of the water in the well far below. The workman with his ladle pours some of the pure lead alloy Into the pan. It makes its way through the porous stuff on the bottom of the utensil and forms a little drop at ev«ry opening in the perforated bottom. The drops fall down the well, followed by oth«r« ai fast as they can form. Being liquid drops, they are absolutely spherical when they leave the saucepan. The man keeps on adding melted load with his ladle as fast a* it is required, so that the shower of metal drops is continuous. By the time they have fallen one hundred feet or more through the air they have cooled and hardened so far that the impact of the water does not alter their shape.—N. Y. Journal. WELLS IN THE SAHARA. Highest of all in Leavening Power.—Latest U. S. Gov't Report Baking Powder PURE surface, and immediately afterward a river rushed forth, yielding 8S3 pillions a minute, double tlic quantity poured out by the famous well of Crenelle, at Paris. The joy and gratitude of the inhabitants can be understood. When the engineers first begun to sink in the »a.nd the village graybcards shook their heads over the likelihood of their trials bringing forth what to them was the greatest necessity of life. With true Moslem fatalism, they considered that the filling- .up of the old wells was an act of God, and that it was useless for men to oppose the ways of Providence. "Our children are weak," said one of the chiefs. "If Allah, the worker of miracles, does not help us in ten years the Wad Kir will be deserted and our gardens buried in the sand." The people would then perish of thirst But when this unexpected river foamed over the parched ground the joyful occasion was celebrated by singing, dancing- and Arab "fantasias" of every description, and "The Fountain of Peace" was the name given by general consent to the first artificial well bored in this oasis. Since that date numerous other wells have been sunk in the same region with equal success, if possible with a greater amount of astonishment and with no less rejoicing. Thus in October, 1885, there were in this irrigated district 114 artesian wells belonging to the French settlers and 498 belonging to the natives. Including the few natural supplies of water, these wells yield over 56,000 gallons of water a minute, or about 141 cubic feet a second.—Dr. Robert Brown, in The Story of Africa. PAPER MONEY IN CHINA. Algerian Village™ Wild With Joy Ow Unupected W»ter SuppllM. One of the most striking evidences, not only of the advantages which the native Algerians have derived from the French possessions of their country, but of the eas« with which large area* can be rendered productive by means of artesian wells, is seen in the oasis on which the ancient town of Toug- gourt is built. In 1856 this, like many other oases in the desert, had become more ar less uninhabitable, owing to the old wells having become filled up, and the water necessary for the irrigation of the gardens reduced in amount. The consequence was that the people began to migrate in search of more hospitable quarters. These facts being brought before the Algerian authorities, an attempt was made to tap the supplies of water which were known to underlie so large a portion of northern Africa. 'After five weeks of persevering labor the confidence of the engineer was rewarded by a tvater deposit being reached at a denth of less than 200 feet from the Currency Known In the Howery t»nd Over a Tlioin»nd V»ri HBO. If we are to attach any value to the statement made by Klaproth in the Asiatic Journal for 1822 the invention of bank notes belongs to the Chinese. At the commencement of the reign of Hian-Tsoung, of the Than? dynasty, in the year 807 of the Christian era, and on the occasion of a great famine, the emperor decreed thut all merchants and wealthy persons should deposit the whole of their gold and silver in the public treasury, aud in return there were delivered to them notes called "ley thsian," or "flying money." Three years afterward .this paper money was called in at Pekin, but its circulation continued to be authorized in the provinces. In i A. D. 906 the paper currency was revised by another emperor, merchants being permitted to deposit their bullion in. the exchequer, and to receive in exchange notes called "running money." In 1021 this currency represented a value of nearly three million ounces of silver. Whether these bank notes were printed from metallic plates has not been ascertained; but, taking into consideration the statement made by the Jesuit missionaries, that what is known us "block printing" had been practiced in China from the very earliest yearm of our era, it is extremely probable that the ancient Chinese bank notes were impressions taken from engraved blocks of wood. In what manner th« mediaeval European banks of deposit mada acknowledgement of- their indebtedness is a mystery. Th« first banks of deposit and exchange were established in Italy, very possibly on ancient Roman lines. The early Italian "ban- co" was simply a money-changer's desk, or counter; and when the financier was unable to discharge his pecuniary obligations, his bench, or counter, was hewn in twain, and by roetonomy the insolvent financier was said to be "banco totto," or bankrupt. As for the bank note, it seems to hare had a double origin, partaking equally of the character of a certificate of deposit and of a promissory note or bill of exchange. The acceptor of the note confided to the banker a certain sum in specie, which the banker kept in his vaults, thus saving his customer the expense and the danger of carrying largo sums of money from place to place »t a time when Europe was almost constantly convulsed by war, and the line of demarkation between soldiers and brigands was of the thinnest possible description. Tlip banks of Venice and of Amsterdam issued these certificates and promissory notes long before the establishment of the bank of England; and the earliest notes of the bank established by William Patterson were known as "bills." A merchant who wished to remit a sura of money to a correspondent living at some distant place proceeded to the bank, deposited so much hard cash and received a "bill" containing a promise to repay the sum deposited on demand. The scheme of a bank of England appears to have been frequently de- Awaroea highest Honors-World's Fifr, CE'S a king owder thf onlT Pore Cteam of Taitat Powder.—No Ammonia; No Alum. ^ Used in Millions of-Homes—40 Year* the Standarr bated ilurinsj- tlie commonwealth, \va.s seriously discussed at a meeting of the first council of trade at Mercer's hall after the restoration.—London Telegraph. ______^_ A VERY~ANCIENT SKELETON. PecullarltleH of the V«ry Ancient NMD- tlarUml SknlL In 1857 a human skeleton was discovered in a limestone cave in the- Neanderthal gorgo near liochdal, between Dusseldorf and Elberfeld, Prussia, a»- sociated with remains of extinct mammals. Unfortunately the value of thi» find wan not known to the workmen who made it, and most of the skeleton was lost. Dr. Fuhlrott, however, »uo- ceeded in securing the cranium, both. thigh bones, two arm bones (a right radius and a left humerus), and a hip bone (left ilium). In the same yew these were described by Dr. Schaffi- hausen. All the facial bones were lost The cranium consists only of that por-- tion situated above the roof of the orbits and the superior occipital ridg-es. This skull has become famous, and is known as the Neanderthal skull. When first found its remarkable peculiarities gave rise to much discussion. Many naturalists considered it a special species or even genus; others considered it as intermediate between man and the apes, and at last, in order to find some place for it, it was regarded by many a* the skull of an-idiot The peculiarities that gave rise to these opinions consist mainly as follows: A long, narrow skull, a low, rapidly retreating- forehead, and an exceptional development of the brow ridges (superciliary ridges); theaa are so prominent that there is a depression • behind or between them and tne frontal bone. They, moreover, coalesce in the middle line, making a deep depres- slon at the root of the nose. The bonei are aljio unusually thick, the whole • configuration remarkable and decidedly apelike and brutaL—J. G. Bother* mel, in Popular Science Monthly. Pr. Kilmer's SWAMP-ROOT M-H.McCOT, Van Wert, Ohio. Acted like Magic! Siffend Tears with Kidneys tad Um LIFE WAS A BURDEN! Mr. McCoy 1» a wealthy »D<! Influential clti- tcn of Van Wort, and a man known for mfler. around. 8eewh»the»«y»^- "For yean I was a terrible niflerer with Kidney and Liver trouble, also nerro«« prostration and poor health in general. I waa all run down and life a burden. I tried phyilelani and every available remedy, but found no relief. WM Induced to give Swamp-Root a trial, which acted like magic, and to-day I am entirely enrol »nd M good a man as ever. It la without question tho greatest remedy in the world. Any one In doubt of thin statement can addre« mo below. M. H. McCOY, Van Wert, Ohio. G**paatc« — U» content! of OM If yo« BPO not baiMllM, Dnf- »• n>»Uft>> IH»- GaniulUUon tree. Dr. KIlmwAOo., BlnghMnton, X. Y. At 2>ra«lUI* *»«. mmt «!.»» «•». Dr. Kilmer's PAHIIJ.A. LIVKB PU.M are the best. 42 pi Is, 25 cents. It's the Part of Wisdom. Times msy be hart and money elos* bnt chew thing" haw their compensation. We c«n ieU»ouwatclie» and will, at very close Wnwi «o- f«t the money. Come snd see what jou can do- with little money. I am anxious to sell not only watehw but other foodi. Diamonds, Clocks, Silverware, Spectacles and Novelties. I am •g»ui for the Lytle Safe and Lock Co., Clotlnn«» Ohio. Call and see a small sample. D. A. HAUK, JEWKLER AND OPTICAN. MT orders on the above and will glT« < xa . tSierVwho have not to* time to look anei Uielr iw™ Interest* the benefit of our BOM™" enoe In -SriccaJTioN." Hulses •J" SSeculStors sent tree on receipt olI »t»mD. Correipondenc* solicited. JA HULSK 4 C0.<^»3466 Booker/, Chlcajo. STORAGE. For ttorage in larg-e or small quantities, apply to W. D. PRATT. Pollard * Wilton

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