Detroit Free Press from Detroit, Michigan on January 14, 1957 · Page 1
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Detroit Free Press from Detroit, Michigan · Page 1

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Monday, January 14, 1957
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1 r i i ROZEIS Cloudy, cold, snow. Low 0-4. high 10-14. Detail on Pare 3. HOURLY TEMPER ATMtF.S 1 niVMi Sum. 8 10 o m. J n. m. 10 n. m. 7 Horn. 5 rt m. lo 7 n. m. 8 12 mid. n. m. 1) R n. m. 7 lam. 4 d. m. 10 8 o. m. 7 !i m. METRO FINAL MONDAY, JANUARY 14, 1957 On Guard for 125 Years Vol. 126 No. 255 40 Pages Seven Cents TVO (TDOm m llTD S!(ftftTTT) THE FBI STORY Tough Chief Rids Bureau Of Hacks . Hoover Set Strict Code Of Conduct for Agents In 1924, J. Edgar Hoover was given the task of rebuilding the Federal Bureau of Investigation. How he needed out the political hacks and turned the Bureau into the world's greatest law-enforcement agency is told in this installment of the series by Don Whitehead, Pulitzer Prize winner, based on his new book, "The FBI Story." BY DON WHITEHEAD President Calvin Coolidge announced on April 2, 1924, that Harlan Fiske Stone, New Hampshire-born Republican, New York attorney and former dean of the Columbia University School of Law, would succeed Harry Daugherty as attorney general. Five weeks after his appointment, Stone accepted the resignation of William J. Burns as director of the Bureau of Investigation. The old era had ended. Stone had been looking around for the right man to put in charge of the Bureau of Investigation. He mentioned this at a Cabinet meeting. Herbert Hoover, then secretary of commerce, discussed Stone's problem with his assistant, Larry Kichey. IJichey said, "Why should they look around when they have the man they need riftht over there now a young, well-educated lawyer named Hoover?" The day after Burns resigned, 29-year-old J. Edgar Hoover was summoned to Stone's office. It was May 10, 1924. Stone was over six feet tall and weighed more than 200 pounds. He looked to Hoover at that moment as if he'd been carved out of solid stone. "Sit down," Stone said, scowling. The scowl was a habit. HOOVER TOOK a seat. Stone peered at him over his glasses, then said abruptly, "Young man, I want you to be Acting Director of the Bureau of Investigation." Hoover realized the magnitude of the compliment. He knew in that instant that Stone had rejected the arguments that he was too young for the job. Far more important, he knew that Stone did not hold him responsible for the policies, mistakes and corrupt actions of those who had directed the Department of Justice and the Bureau of Investigation in the past. Finally Hoover said, "I'll take the job, Mr. Stone, on certain conditions." "What are they?" "The Bureau must be divorced from politics and not be a catch-all for political hacks. Appointments must be based on merit. Second, promotions will be made on proved ability and the Bureau will be responsible only to the Attorney General." The attorney general scowled and said, "I wouldn't give it to you under any other conditions. That's all. Good day." Found Bureau in Disrepute IX THOSE first months. Hoover leaned heavily on Stone for support. And he received it. The Bureau was in disrepute. Demands were being heard across the country that the Bureau be disbanded and its work distributed throughout the other departments and agencies of government. Hoover believed strongly that the Department of Justice should have lawyers and accountants trained in collecting evidence. He recognized that the government's cases too often were not presented properly because the evidence was gath-red in a haphazard fashion by untrained agents. Yet the collection of evidence was the basis fcr proving innocence or guilt. STON'E AND Hoover had no difficulty agreeing on basic policies for the Bureau. Three days after Hoover's appointment, it was agreed: 1 The Bureau would be a fact-finding organization, and its Turn to Page 6, Column 1 You'll Find: Amusements 31 Ask Andy 5 Astrology 15 Bridge 24 Comics 38-39 Drew Pearson 23 Editorials 8 Industrial 30 Jumble Word Game 35 Metropolitan Memos 32 Movie Guide 32 Karnes and Faces 18 Radio and Television ..7 Sportsr 25-29 Want Ads 32-36 W omen's Pa pes 19-21 TO HAVE THE FREE PRESS DELIVERED TO VOIR HOME PHONE WO 2-8000 Whitehead Strike Ends SINGAPORE UP, Seven Hundred workers of Malayan Airways are returning to work Monday after a 21-day strike. They walked out when the company refused a Christmas bonus. 163 AnntocUlV S M T W T F S 1 2 5 4 5 62.89101112 22 25242536 l27?S2950y lOCTCW Olivers OWN OtlDBYf tf?ST SUCCESSFUL CESACEAN OPER TK4 IN TMtS COUNTRY EPCVVGAJ k C2.t x n rci:5 e 17 is ie Ex-Spouse Of Wife Shoots Him Invades Home On Wedding Night BE A VERTON A young bridegroom was shot to death on his wedding night by the former husband of his bride. Galdwin County Prosecutor George C. Johnson said Harold S. Lidster, 32. had confessed he fired three bullets into Clvde L. Priset, 20, as h! slept at 3 a.m. Sunday. "I didn't mind Esther marrying again, but was angry because she had promised me she wouldn't," Johnson quoted Lidster as saying in his signed confession. LIDSTER surrendered voluntarily to sheriff's deputies after he had barged into the home of his former wife and into the bedroom where Priest slept. Johnson quoted Lidster as saying he had intended to kill his " 80-year-old former wife also, but couldn't get a shot at her as she fled to a neighbor's home by jumping from a window and racing through the snow. - Mrs. Priest had opened the door in answer to Lidster's pounding on the front door. Lidster turned over to Sheriff Victor Edick a 9-mm German Mauser he said he had used on Priest. Mrs. Priest, who had been married twice before, denied she had promised Lidster she would not remarry. LIDSTER SAID the first he knew of his former wife's plans to remarry was when he met the wedding party in a tavern Saturday night. Angry words passed between Lidster and Priest before Lidster, a Dow Chemical Co. worker, left the tavern. "I didn't like it and th more beer I drank the more I disliked the idea of her marrying again,' Lidster told the prosecutor. "Finally it got the best o. me and I went to do something about it." Lidster and Esther have two children, Joyce, 7, and Robert, 6. The children have been with their mother since the couple was divorced about a year ago. Lidster and Priest are first cousins. Priest was a truck driver for a Three Rivers Company. Johnson said he would recommend a first-degree murder warrant against Lidster Monday. Did Marie Get Kidnap Story From Novel? LOS ANGELES (JP) Police Chief William H. Parker spent a rainy Sunday reading a novel, The Fuzzy Pink Nightgown," as part of his investigation of the Marie McDonald kidnap case. The book about the kidnaping of a sexy movie actress came from Miss McDonald's home. There were some similarities between incidents in the book and blond actress Marie's story of being abducted, Parker said. PARKER said: "We're at the point now of trying to compile a specific list of variations between Miss McDonald's version when she was questioned in the hospital at Indio and the version she gave I before police movie cameras dur ing her re-enactment, as well as differences in other statements she has made." Make a Smooth Sale in the Free Press You're skat ing on good, solid ice when you rely on Free Press Want Ads to sell u n n e e d- ed winter sports equipment. Round up the skates, skis, or sleds you don't use and collect cash for them In a hurry. It's simple to place an ad. Just call WO 2-9400, ask for an ad-taker, say "charge it.'' FREE PRESS WANT ADS IT f- X I - t f i . i i f - I ; FULL CONFESSION to the fatal shooting of a 20-jear-old Beaverton bridegroom was made at Gladwin by Harold Lidster (in white coveralls). Lidster admitted slaying the youth, who married Lidster's former wife, Esther, just eight hours before he was killed. Lidster signed his confession in the presence of Gladwin County Sheriff Victor Ldick (seated, right). State Trooper Gary Leitz (in uniform) and Prosecutor George C. Johnson. t .J m 3Irs. Esther Priest ,0 Clyde L. Priest Broken Promise By Reds Reported BERLIN UP) A private West Berlin intelligence orgam-;of the art zation said Sunday Communist; Vast flprmanv has failed to live The prize. up to its promise to reduce its the nation's top literary honors, armed forces by 30,000 men. i carries a cash award of $1,000. The Fighting Group Against Formerly presented by the Li-Inhumanity said it has figures brary of Congress, the award is which show East Germany's now made by tne Yaie iiorary. Army, Navy and Air Force to-! James T. BabbYale University tala 117,500 men, a reduction of librarian, announced the commit-only 2,500 from previous figures. 'tee's decision. 1 I - ' - I I AS EMILY WATCHES Toboggan Party Ends In Death of Mother A 43-year-old Detroit mother family car while, her horrified family watched during a Harrr son Township tobogganing party. Fan Thro ics Acid at Star TOKYO (U.R) An admiring fan threw acid in the face of one of Japan's top songstresses Sunday night because "I can no longer stand her pretty face." The hydrochloric acid burned 18-year-old Hibari Misora on her face and shoulders. Doctors said, however, they did not think the burns were severe enough to damage her career. olice said Akiko Katori, 19-year-old housemaid, hurled the acid as the singer went to her dressing room from the stage of Tokyo's Kokusai (International) Theater. Tate Wins Poetry Prize New York Timet 8ervte NEW HAVEN Allen Tate, poet, critic and English professor at the University of Minnesota, ha3 been awarded the Bollingen Prize in poetry for 1956. Sunday that Tate was selected , ' in consideration or tne acnieve-ment of his poetic work both collected and current, and his lifetime devotion to the high defense considered o n e o f was killed Sunday under the Mrs. Irene Serenberg, of 18446 Kelly, was riding face down on a toboggan being towed by the car of her brother-in-law in front of his home at 35331 Beacon Hill. , The brother-in-law, William H. Booth, Jr., 40, a writer-producer for radio station WJR, was taking turns towing the family for short toboggan rides. WATCHING ON the lawn of his home were his wife, Jean, 36; Mrs. Serenberg's husband, Howard; her daughter, Gayle, 17, and a friend, Gary Ressina, 17, of 14616 Rochelle. All were waiting their turn to ride. The toboggan was at the end of a 50-foot rope and Booth said he was driving about 15 miles an hour. The Serenberg family car was parked in front of the Booth home. Suddenly the sted swerved out of control and careened into the left rear side of the parked car. Booth said he was driving and didn't feel any bump. Macomb County sheriff's deputies said they were not sure whether or not the tow rope broke. Tlje family rushed the uncon-scioui woman to Mt. Clemens Hospital. Mrs. Serenberg. injuries. BOOTH COLLAPSED at the news. He will make a statement to the prosecutor Monday. The Serenberg family had been invited by the Booths to spend the day at their home. The sledding party followed a family dinner. rtrf In the Ftrrt In isilr elrr. lattoa! Th Itetrnit Fr Pre deliver Tour dTeruiinc t Micbizan'i largest audience. Grand Jury to See I Audit Data Today $25,000 in Canceled Bonds Gone, Records Mixed Up BY RALPH NELSON Free Pre Staff Writer A just-completed audit of tlje books of the Village of Inkster will be released Monday to Circuit Judge Theodore R. Bohn's graft grand jury.' It charges loss of $25,000 in canceled bonds, and shows evidence that purchases were paid for twice, Inkster council- men said. I Councilmen who led the fight to get "an independent outside audit" of the books last summer said the audit revealed that the accounts were "in terrible shape." "We feel that a review of the auditing firm's r"port by the grand jury might have pointed results," Councilman Leon Carroll said. With Councilman Joseph Jo-zak, Carroll pushed through the first outside audit of Village books. The detailed probe of the Village's accounts in general government, and its water sup ply and sewer systems, was made by the firm of White, Bower and Prevo. "The audit was hampered be cause the books, records, accounting methods and office procedures were inadequate, innacurate and generr"y unsatisfactory," the report stated. THE FIRM began work Oct. 10. Copies of their findings, covering more than 200 pages, were distributed to Village Pres ident Donald Olson, Treasurer William Rafferty and the Council. The audit reported that "the general ledger, the most important single record of a municipality, was nonexistent" for the year ended June 30, 1956. The auditors revealed that they had asked that Walter A. Mar- OP) Informed sources said Sun-kin, an accountant who has han-iday Sultan Sir Ibrahim Ox Johore, died the Village's financial af- j 83, Malaya's oldest reigning mon-fair3 for several years, provide ; arcn wil1 abdicate when Malaya j achieves independence from Brit-Turn to Page 2, Column 1 lain in August. Gal Bows to Man, So He Likes Japan There's Love Trouble in China, Too. Page 2. LONDON (AP) A British journalist touring Japan who sent back word that he was so impressed by Japanese women that he intended to lot of explaining. Frederick Ellis described Japan as a "man's paradise" in a dispatch from Osaka last week. He said the men "Boss, with a capital B. Women ate near-serfs self-effacing, devoted women-Fridays, whose job it is to serve their masters." Ellis told of going to a dinner "Japanese style that is, sitting cross-legged at a 15-inch-high table, eating often excruciating local dishes like rice wrapped with green seaweed." THE JAPANESE wives stay home, he said, but Geisha girls were quick with a light when he reached for a cigaret, kept his wine-cup full. And, he added, "Women here know their place. They chatter when chattered to. Never interrupt, never disagree with men. "Their sole task is to keep men happy. They must be not only decorative but entertaining ... oh, for service of this magnitude in Britain, where Low of Zero, Hidi of 12 Predicted Earmuffs will be the uniform of the day Monday as the tail end of a blizzard continues to lash Detroit with low temperatures. The mercury will range from a lo"- of near zero to a high of 12, the Weather Bureau predicted. Sunday the range was from 3 the lowest mark of the season to a high of 11 degrees. At Sault Ste. Marie the mercury shivered down to 30 degrees below zero. Zero temperatures extended as far south as Iowa. A light snow was expected to hit Detroit Monday evening, but western New York State and northwestern Pennsylvania were expected to get up to 10 inches of snow. Winds Monday will be light westerly, the Weather Bureau said. Sultan May Quit KUALA LUMPUR, Malaya- 'Orientalize" his wife faces a women ( unhappily) equal men." The Daily Express carrying Ellis' story had hardly ccme off the press when Mrs. Ellis wrote the editor a snappy reply- "JUST WAIT until Freddie comes hom" she said. "I have been his wife for 1 years and have always had to recognize the 'superiority of the male' the Ellis .nale. "Women 'know their place indeed. I know mine tip-toeing 'round the flat the morning after he has been out on a party with other 'superior males.' ". . . He lets the 'serP know when he is ready for his tea, biscuits, orange juice, and the morning papers. And heaven help the serf if everything is not to his liking. "I can't see the difference between being a Japanese wifr or married to a journalist. The Japanese wilt never goe3 out to dinner with her husband and neither do 1. But at least the Japanese wife who waits on her husbtnd has the pleasure of seeing him. I hardly do, except at the weekend." it i r i 6

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