Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on July 3, 1947 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

Hope, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Thursday, July 3, 1947
Page 1
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Eight H0M IT A*, HOPE, ARKANSAS Wednesday, July 2, 1947 -P Leaders fed by idrges legion, July 2 — (/P) —Angry oemaiids mat Ifiesi- i produce eviuence tnat lotjoyists miluenced s rent control action ex- a new political battle to- )jct\vt-(_n tne uemoeiatic Whue 1 U(J.e lawmaKers. on iiiO piesiaeiu to order m 01 any lODDyists ne Ulsirs gauty of ' suuvetSive' ihut;B, oenuior Wherry UNtb) Hepubncuri whip, said that u «iSuman has no conciete evi- 16 to back up ms cnarges "no jc to apoiogi/,6 to Congress." nis mcbsate to t,ongit_ss when ifeuea tile. ieiit control bill Mon ii $01'. Iranian saia tne "rea Lib lobby" nad aispiayed i iies& aiarcgaid of ine public LIC ' t>y anempting to "weiiKen control anu uo away witn ne ary aid to housing, f ODjetlea pamcuiarly to a sec permuting is per cent rent in at's wnen tenants and iaim S sign leases tor all ot Ibid, fueaiuenl ast-.ect for a con investigation ot wnat he tied ihfi "urazen oxidations" o bytsts, cottic*ficiing mat "nothm, ilu be Tiiofe" ciemly .subvcisiv. 'representative govcinment' rf et^oits to "bjock piogiarns i to tne neccis ot our cm Scholarship Record Set by Hope Girl .jnator Bjck (K-Del) challenged Pjoiesioxni s ugiu to senu uun- ifcjsifa message with a wll he 1*,Signed, anu the hot cross-fu o ate orougnt Wheiry to his, tout yoiteraay to assart that Mr "' "" s aauon had reached ' a poll tic ally snouted that the presi ,ts message constituted the use .'t'jow aowii political methods.' demanded mat it Mr. irumaa - nuotmation on ''subversive he submit it to the Jus- ^jepartment to nrmg one guilty 01 sub- acuviiy," \vneny said. Bt^bveisive — no is pjtung them jn tne coiner wua Cummu- ifsss * 10 me subversive means —Photo by Sarony, Inc., New York Patsy Ann Campbell Miss Patsy Ann Campbell, daughter of Mrs. Robert A. Campbell, New York City, formerly of Hope, was graduated with distinction fiom Barnard College, Columbia University in the June class of 1947. . . • .-. ' Miss Campbell was graduated f 1 6m Hope High School in June 1343 and attended -George Washington University, Washington, D. C, her freshman year. On the basis of her past record she was awarded scholarships from Barnard college and from the Leopold Schepp Foundation amounting. -to $3,000. She was recognized as an outstanding student in her of the conference — convened both Britain and France reportedly were icady to go ahead with Marshall's suggestion in the event Russia rejected the compromise. Marshall made his proposal i na Harard University speech June 5. Russai rejected the original French and British proposals under the Marshall program on the grounds that they would constitute interference with the sovereignty of European countries. Official French sources reported that French Foreign , Minister Georges Bidnult entered today's session with full cabinet endorsement of his efforts to save the con- lerence from failure. In Geneva U. S. Undersecretary of State William L. Clayton told a news conference Marshall's offer coud be carried out even though some European countries refused to participate. •'• British quarters were pessimistic about the . chances for agreement among the three-'. fol'eicn ministers. French circles forecast an end 'to the conference today. On Monday, Molotov had objected that earlier British-French proposals would lead to interference with individual nations' economic plans. He suggested committees to :ind out what European countries needed and what they could expect 'rom the U. S. and to define the program's relationship to the United Nations Economic .Commission Eor Europe. In his statement late yesterday, Bidnult denied any intended inter fercnce in participating countries internal affairs. He proposed t( make European reciprocal aic purely voluntary and to , give the J. N. commission' a Idok-in on' the planning. . -. -,'' ; .r'f:j ,'. '^SfA; major subject, English tion and maintained a said the chief executive has ngut to lequeot action by oon- ' in the nrst place, but 'the OI; should be cached to the politi- nianeuveang and ward politics h as displayed in tin. message ' us yefau-iaay " f nfttOi Hattn (D-NM) replied K fltftt^^'eveiy senatoi has the iignt Bj tot criticize the president o- r the - 'tMted States, but by the same f il is just as proper" for the executive to euticize Con- Composi- •'Dean's rating throughout the three years at Barnard. She will continue to reside in New York City and intends to continue her writing in the field of advertising after a few weeks' vacation at Shelter Island, New York. of Molotov , Senators Ferguson (R- said they know of no real and icevercomb (R-WVu, said they know of no estate lobby. real I has, never approached me," told the Senate. Uses Probing Wifnors Hitler's Alive . „,..__ Bolzano. Italy, .Taly 2 —W)— Si U ,A?Uccl officiqlg today wcie in* *" 'n-iVi^tifiiUmg recurienl rumors ltA s*tbai Eva Braum, Adolf Killer's : ,»'Sn.ifetress, had appeared on var- t', %<ius occasions recently in the Alto Adige area of noithem •• (in Rome, Allied piess offi- fcejrs denied several days ago ^ 'that loero wa^ any truth to the f repoits but said they would m- s'r,' **. i Eepoits circulating heie to(J^y sajd a woman I'escmbling \S3va Braun and speaking with ^ , Gei man accent went to a savings bank at Fondo, jn the Tjento district, last week to eas* a 50,000-JUe (about $135) check. She was J eported to have displayed papeit. ibs>ued at Innsbruck, and inscribed \vi$h the name Eva Biaan " Continued From Page One "The Soviet government certainly; cannot .venture along this path and continue to support its proposals put forward at this conference on June 30. "The Soviet government, while favoring the development of international collaboration on the basis of equal rights and mutual respect for the interests of the contrae:irij{ parties, cannot lend its assistance to anyone in arranging his affairs at the expense of other countries of less strength or size. This has nothing in common with normal cooperation between states. "The Soviet government considers that the Anglo-French plan to set up a special organization for the coordination of the economies of European states would lead to interference in tiie internal affairs of European countries. "The Soviet government rejects this plan as being altogether unsatisfactory ...and incapable of yie'.cl- •ing any positive results." Molotov assailed those parts cf the British-French proposals whicn dealt with Germany as tending to take nway the "justified reparations" claims of those Allied countries which sulfered from German aggression. The compromise undsr discussion was oifercd yesterday by Bi dault in an effort to keep the con ference alive. The conference was called after U. S. Secretary of State Marshall had suggested that Ea ropean nations should agree amont, themselves on a plan for Europear reconstruction for which the Unit e'd Slates would consider granting ._.. u . .^ . _ BidaiUt suggested .theJformatioii a general coopevatlojtV;/.eomniil- tec 01 European nations'; "with, .sfx sub-committees. This co'mmipjfee would draw up a .continchtalve'cb nomic balance sheet as a basis7fo: asking American help. The: balanci sheet would list not only needs, a in the Russian plan, but resource* as well. ' . • ' The committees would report bj Sept. 1, and the report would b turned over to the commission "fp observations." U. S. Taking No Steps Geneva, July 2— (/P) —U.S. Undersecretary of State William L.. Clayton said today that "so far as I know the United Stales is taking no steps" if the three-power conference in Paris- breaks up with- 1 out; agreement of the Marshall aid- for-Europe plan. , . .Clayton, who conferred with top British officials on the Marshal plan in London before coming herfii" told a news conference that his government was "waiting for Europe to lake action" on the American proposals. Asked whether he thought the United Nalions Economic'(Jornmis- . sion for Europe, which meets 'hare i July 5 should be used to implement 1 'the Mrashall plan, Claytbji said. :'•,'. "That is for Europe to. decide'.. Dispatch is hiu'hy important. It would seem to me that . tn,e commission should be selected by'Eii- •ope, but the selection sho'ujd ''not )c exclusive, so that if it appe,a,rfid progress was not being;'jrrta.de olher means could be' substituted;" Clayton heads two delegations' 3n Geneva. One is the 15-natiori. Eco' nomic Commission' including: the U. S. and Russia. The b'the't.'is ,thp International Trade Conference "pf 8: nations, not including ' I which is attempting to ; forrri an'.'.Jn- :crnational trade organizatlcjtti write a world trade 'jcharte'r," arid conclude a multilateral agreement for. reductions of tariffs and other trade barriers. . . . •'. . '.''.','. Clayton said the Marshall ' p)an co.ild be carried out, 'even if 'sophe .slates in Europe chose to r'crnidn outside. He said he hoped 'Russia would participate in' the world trade conference proposed for Havana this fall. '''•" aid. Before today's session the fifth SOLON'S MOTHER DIES Memphis, July 2 — (/P)—, Mrs... Mollic Speck, 84, of Frenchman's Bayou (Mississippi county), Ark., died here yesterday.. - : Survivors include three sons and 12 grandsons, among the latter Leslie E. Speck, 'Arkansas state representative from Mississippi county. The showpiece of all 1947 cars I t*" V hj^i i j $eaddmdfy& E & * Tb0 Champ ion...The Commander ejflra*l<wg-wheelbase Land Cruiser new postwar dream cars i ; RYONE knows there is no mistaking a postwar Studebaker tor any other automobile. You can identify this showpiece of all the 19-47 cars a block away. It's this year's dream car, too, in riding comfort, handling ease and brilliant performance. Self-adjusting brakes—"black light" dash dials—wide-vision windows—it's a completely new car in features as well as style,! 4-jKS L^* ",'•/ ARCHER Hope, Ark. " -.--.:• "; ••• i{ :„f Vi" Vii ••'• ; A i- -' '•• '• •' ft '•' :•.•••';•.''•'•' •'." .•' 212 SOUTH MAIN PHONE 1080 ways Retail Stores • • 631 Department Stores (and 97 Farm Stores) serve '; '\;.. thrifty shoppers in' every part of ^America. ^ Serve them ' 1 ''capably, serve: :them courteously . . .and save them money. Catalog Departments *t In'the Catalog Departments of these stores, Wards customers can widen their selection, and choose from the same .vast variety of merchandise found in Wards big Catalog. Mail Order Houses • 9 huge Houses, strategically located, give prompt service to all the families who order by mail, from the millions of catalogs Wards distributes every year. * • • Many of these Mail.Order customers onake their selections in one of Wards 225 Catalog Offices, served by capable salesgirls who handle all the details of ordering. cl Service •' • • Each'oFWar'tls"Catalog Office's and Store-Catalog-Departments is. "wired" to.serve by phone. Merchandise ordered by p.horie can be called-for, or sent direct to the hornet Written by A. Montgomery Ward and still the guiding principle cf 'our' Company In this ' 75th "AnhlvtMory ytar; ••a* WATCH FOR THESE SPICIAL ANNIVERSARY SAVINGS J *. ''! They're our very special wa^fii|d^b^4ins<du»Diamond ^nniversary'l; They're a group of timely offerings of fine new merchandise at SHARP CUT PRICES! So watch for the ads with this "75th Anniversary'.! circle! *•" v Our Daily Bread Sliced thin by The Editor — Alex. H. Washburn Fourth of July Second Tax-Cut Bill •i4'i Television by 'Phone America comes to another Fourth ol July—and one good look at the rest oi the world manes us devoutly thankful for the Providence that put our ancestors on this remote shore and gave the.m the wisdom to build a sou Die, sen- governing nation. Strictly speaiung the Fourth of July is a aate for the celebration ot- :cedom. We broke away from Great Britain and became un irme- ,-g-iendent nation. But history is full v *bf» so many revolutions whicn brought their people little but unrest and misery tnat tne American Fourtn ol July became worid- lamous as the one revolution wnicn was truly successful. All tne elements lor a great and enduring, nation met on the Atlantic snore—a site sufficiently remote from the Old World to allow a struggling people to get started, men of character and ideals calculated to work well witn ..-»pne ano.ther, and a people of botii '"courage ana discipline . . .courage- to face a wilderness, discipline so that by living at peace with themselves they might live at peace with neighbor nations. 'inus auotner I'ourm 01 July renews the picture America holds before the world. Hope Star "A* . cm tei| *!<!•. \/OI /(Q Kir> VOL. 40 - NO. s '°' °* Consolidated January U.'lfl* HOPE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, JULY 3, 1947 (AP)—Means Associated Pr«j (NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n. PRICE 5e Lewis Reported Getting Juicy Coal Contract By HAROLD W. WARD Washington, July 3— (/P)— John L. Lewis is well on the way today toward getting the best wage contract in the history of his United Mine Workers — who otherwise vvould extend their current vacation into a full-blown strike next Tuesday. The way some operators figure the tentative settlement reached late yesterday by Lewis and top executives of "big steel" mine owners and northern commercial producers, the soft coal diggers will get a 44 1-2 cent boost in their basic hourly pay rate. The "pattern" increases negoti ated by rival CIO unions in other basic industries earlier this year have been around 15 cents an hotir. Four European Nations Are Caught Between Russia and West Under Marshall Plan It is hard not to imagine the Democratic South giving plenty o' encouragement to the Republican The big question however, is: How many mining remaining, companies will accept the agreement? It is no secret that a big segment of the industry was staggered by the concessions made to Lewis by the' eastern producers. The midwest, far west and southern mine owners—left out of the secret, top-level settlement negotiations—went into hurried huddles By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER A. P. Diplomatic Reporter ~ Washington, July 3 —(/?)—. .Four nations — Poland, France, -Italy and Czechoslovakia — appear destined today to get caugnt in the middle of the expected conflict between Russia and the western powers over the economic organization of Europe under the Marshall plan. The breakdown of the Paris conference yesterday and Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov's assertion that the Marshall proposal means the division of Europe left little doubt among diplomatic authorities here that such a conflict would develop. Tney said it would have repercussions in every part of the continent but that tne squeeze almost certainly would be most intense, in four countries for these seasons: Poland— the Polish government already has notified the State Department of its adherence to the Marshall plan. Yet Poland is in the Soviet's sphere of influence majority as it starts HH seeonu|to map their strategy before the iiattemot to write intn law over UMVV policy committee assembles here Saturday. Some off these operators de Continued on Page Six _p Many Sections Piano Big July 4 By the Associated Press.. The frivolous again will bo min- Jled with the serious tomorrow os Arkansas staycs its first full-scale postwar Fourth of July celebration since Pearl Harbor with everything from dedication of a Veterans Memorial Park to the ever- popular iamily picnic. Governor Laney is scheduled to be among the guest as the young democratic clubs of Arkansas dedicate their "Vets Haven" Memorial Park at Lake Catherine near Hot Springs. Hot Springs' celebration also, will include 'midgef auto faces and a Red Cross water pageant at Lake Hamilton. Lake Village will stage its water carnival and beauty pageant, and' to write into law over '• President Truman's veto a bill to i educe tne income tax. The new proposal vvould cut taxps ,on the lowest-bracket incomes 30 per cent, ana 10'A per cent on the nighost. Surely tnis is a modest proposal considering the extravagant wartime lax level from which to date we have i .ceded hardly at all. Vll America joins the president iu Wishing the budget of tne armed forces maintained, but Mr. Tru• ••^•rnan is in tne opinion 01 many very much in a minority regarding the position of the whole federal budget. He has resisted all enorts to bring down the cost of domestic government—and brougnt down H must be, even if it takes a slash in revenue to bring it about. All Nations But Spain to Draft Marshall Reply Paris, Jujy 3 — (fP) — The French foreign office announced today that 22 nations will be invited to a meeting in Paris July 12 to discuss European economic cooperation as outlined in the Marshall proposal. The countries invited will include Austria, Turkey, Albania, Ireland and all former enemy states except Germany, it was announced. A foreign office spokesman said the invitations would l»e sent to Parish embassies tonight. . The French foreign_ ministry 'an- j and Russian troops operate there in support of their occupation forces in Germany. Poland is in great need of American help and is especially eager to get direct relief at once. She laces a grain delicit ol 200,000 tons by October. If Molotov's Paris statement is taken at face value, the Soviet government is expected Continued on Page Six • o Balkans Key to Life of UN Says Britain By FRANCIS W. CARPENTER Fight Raging to Save Levees on Mississippi Grand Tower, 111., July 3—(£")— "'he fight between man and river ontinued unabated south of St. •.outs today in an effort to save emaining levees while army engi- aeers and soil conservator? esti- nated flood damage along the rag- ng Mississippi and its overflowing noataries in Missouri, Iowa and llinois to be at least ?500,UUO,OOU. R. H. Musser, regional conserva- or for the U. b. Soil Conservation ISrvice, said at Milwaukee that survey compiled from field office •eports and aerial reconnaissance showed that enough soil had been wasned Downriver to cover 325,000 acres six Inches deep. nounced earlier a British-French decision to invile all European states, "with the provisional exception of Spain," to take part in drafting a reply to the proposal advanced by U. S. Secretary of State Marshall for European economic recovery. The communique called on the European countries to "draw up a European reconstruction program in which the resources- and needs of eacn country will be coordinat- ca, in a manner that each of the European countries will so decide freely." Xne communique made no reference to Soviet Russia, nor to the failure yesterday of Russia, Brit- Continued on Page Two Technically-minded people ought to read Collier's magazine lor July 12, on the newsstands today, for. an excellent article, "Television Gets a Box Office." .-:-Y, I.t verifies what: this writer has '"•'been saying, on the pessimistic side, .for several years—television • -is '' hat ^coming into the average American home "for free". Your correspondent has always figured television would be most practical in the theaters, which couKl stand the transmission cost (many times that of standard radio transmission). Now this article in Collier's discloses Zenith Radio's successful application of television to a .combination radio and telephone f-Hranmission system. Radio carries r most of the image, but the "key" -that clarifies the picture and makes it good comes over your home tclepnone wire. You order a first-run motion picture, or sports broadcast, from the telephone company, it Hashes on your home television set—and the bill comes to you at the end the home. And that's how it is. Crow Seeks More Paving on Highway 4 Senator F. C. Crow today announced the possibility of paving Highway 4 to the Nevada County line by next summer following a personal survey and request to Governor Ben Laney, The project takes in about 4.7 miles. In his survey M r - Crow found 45 occupied homes, many homes near the highway, six feeder roads, a sawmill, school bus and mail route and a single public bits.. He — _. J r-* , —- askcd the governor to have the the ahnaal fishing rodeo will be highway department work the 4.7 reeled off on .the White river at Au- miles of paving in with the 2 miles gusta. from Highway 67 junction now un- The three-day holiday weekend der construction. ...... promises to be a good one lor nsn-| The Senator was notified by. let- ermen throughout the state. Water ,-ter today that Governor Laney conditions are as good as they .would ask the Arkansas' Highway, have been j all season on jnost riv-1 Commission to "program the.. 4.7 "~-- ' miles of paving;" Mr. Laney pointed out that asphalt could be put down only in hot weather and that Senate Clears Way for Tax Slash Bill; House Delays But Almost Certain to Pass Washington, July 3 — (/P)— The new Republican-backed bill to cut income taxes $4,000,000,000 annually was approved 18 to 6 today by the House Ways and Means Committee. A shift of Democratic votes In favor of tiie measure brought immediate predictions that tl\p House and Senate could override another presidential veto. The bill is identical with the measure vetoed by President Truman June 10, except that .the effective date of the proposed tax 1 reduction is changed -from .July 1, 1947, to January 1, 1948. Speaker Martin CR-Mass) set a new House showdown vote on the measure for next Tuesday. Ways and Means Chairman Knut,, ... . 0 . , . ... . .son (H-Minn) author of the legisla- . Mf ?.^ h !!<L' &SMr°lS!' a e ..1 v : Uon, said that under the tax* cutting bill federal revenues in the fiscal year starting yesterday, vvould be $39,900,000,000— "enough to pay at least $5,055,000, on 'the national debt." The committee action came in er fluctuated between the 103-year ligh of 40.3 and one tenth of a foot ess. Harry F. Wahlgren, U. S. Meteorologist, said a gradual decline was expected in tne next 48 lours. High water from the Missouri and Illinois rivers was keep- ... , ,-, ,, ,, . ing the Mississippi high, lie added. the face of Democratic predictions G. Whiteside Dies Suddenly at Washington Washington, July 3 — (/P)— Gar- May, Garrson Convicted by Federal Jury By NORMAN WALKER> Washington, July 3—(/P)—EJ gressman Andrew J. May and, ex - munition making GarL brothers, Murray and Henry.^e convicted today on charges ojUt ng for their own profit May's w :ime influence as chairman of >{ House Military Committee. Defense counsel promptly . Grand Tower itself was cut off from land following breaks in the Degognia levee and several other communities were partiall inundated. A small section of the Chester, 111., business district was under water. Food supplies were being brought here by boat and most 01 the 1,000 residents expected to remain since most of tne town Was located on high enough ground to .escape the river. Residents of Dupo, 111., eight miles southeast of St. Louis, apparently had won their fight to save the town from the flood water. Army engineers ordered the 2,300 residents out of town Tuesday but many persons returned, threw up a temporary sandbag embankment that another veto awaits the measure, which would reduce -income levies for 48,000,000 taxpayers by from 10 1-2 to 30 per cent, depending on income level. Chairman Taft lijnio) of the Senate Republican Policy Committee told reporters the Senate will take up the tax legislation immediately alter a pending measure for'uni- fication of the armed forces. rett Whiteside, 62, an aide to Arkansas members of Congress for almost 41) years, died last night at his home here after a heart attack. Friends said he awakened last night complaining of a severe pain. Before a doctor arrived, he died. Wmteside • wrote the: United State's declaration of war for both tne first and second world wars. During the latter years of his service on VThe Hill" he became known as the "97th senator," a nickname bestowed upon him by senators themselves. At one time he .modestly admitted that he had known as many presidents, legislators and cabinet members as anybody m Washington. His hometown, Nashville, Ark., named a school building alter him and irequentiy urgedlimi toViun lor the Senate, his answer: "it is. dif- This is contingent, of course, "cult tor a _ poor man to run lor Lake Success,July : 3 - OT - Brit, ?£ «£ ^^ a _ railroad tracks ers and lakes, the State Game and Fish commission has reported. Speed boat races will be added to fishing as attractions at lakes I the Highway Department's pro- Nirnrod and Norfork, and a wild | gram f or more blacktopping o By JAMES THRASHER More Than a Day Off To most of us a national holiday of non-religious character is simply a day off. Few attend any public ceremony which has to do with the origin or meaning of the event. And it is a safe guess that a ma : jority doesn't even give a private thought to that origin or meaning. This is particularly true of tlia Fourth of July. Millions of Americans will be devoting the day to enjoyment of life 'and pursuit 13! . happiness in a free land. Many ol' them, perhaps, will be vaguely thankful that they have a job to get away from today and go back to next -week. But how many will give any thought to the occasion which this holiday celebrates? We are enjoying the blessings of life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness today because, 171 years ago, 56 delegates to the American i . Continental Congress signed a Dec- jv\V laration, in the midst of a precarious revolution, which stated that those blessings are the un alienable rights of all men. We are enjoying them because, 13 years later, the government of the United States began functioning under a Constitution in which those rights and blessings were guaranteed by law. Nor is that all. We are enjoying life, liberty and the pursuit o£ happiness because millions of Amert leans have fought and hundreds of * thousands have died to defend those always been American citizens rights, and because there have willing to devote a part of theii energies to protecting them anc making them more inclusive. Two years ago millions of Amor leans again were fighting to pre serve those rights against a serious threat to their continuance. Today that danger is. past. But threats will arise again so long as Americans as a nation, passive, take the blessings of liberty for •V granted, or misuse them, or remain indifferent when the unalienable rights of men are denied or destroyed elsewhere. This is not to advocate making a solemn holiday of the Fourth of July. All the fun and fireworks are fitting to the occasion. But at the same time we might ask ourselves if, as citizens and individuals, we are truly worthy of our legacy of freedom, and if, as we enjoy that legacy, we are doing "^cafg^l/Vu^enl^^e'^ C ° uld be » Ut Smi^pools 011 througnolt^^ that - if the . request stale arc expected to be crowded, I £ JJ. PP J™,^ ' and Recreational parks to be ££ t ^oie ^ ^ ^ .^ tj aseball doubleheaders are cheduled at Little Rock and Hot springs. Sandlot games are in the offing elsewhere. State, county and city offices, of course, will be closed Friday. Some county offices and stores will remain closed through the weekend. The kids can buy fireworks again this year, but in cities hav- ng anti-noise laws, such as Little Elock, they'll have to buy them and shoot them outside the city limits. A public fireworks display will be leld at Little Rock's Fair Park. Qn the unpleasant side, the Fourth of July usually brings con- jested highways, automobile accidents and other mishaps. Police lave issued pleas for careful driving and other precautionary meas- ain told the United Nations today they might as well "tear up the charter — and pack up" if they could not settle the Balkans trouble as recommended by the United States. Sir Alexander Cadogan, British delegate, lining up solidly with the United States proposal for a commission to watch the Balkans indefinitely, said in a statement to the security council: "If we cannot apply proposals such as those submitted by th'e h commission .(the-Balkan investigation commission) arid now in the United. Stales res61utiori, we" had better, tear up the charter —• and pack up." . Cadogan referred to the recommendations by the investigating group and the United States proposal for the security council to set up'a commission to remain indefinitely in the Balkans and .try to smooth the differences'.an that unsettled zone. "It seems to me that, here we have a : danger i point," : Cadogan continued. "'It•• is just such a case as the United Nations was designed to meet. We have practical proposals, which can perhaps be perfected and elaborated. We must try them." Truman Journeys to Monticello for Address Washington, July 3 — (/P)— President Truman left today by automobile for Charlottesville, Va., where he will make an Independence Day address tomorrow at Monticello, horn oef Thomas Jefferson. Mr. Truman will spend three nights in the vicinity of Charlottesville, returning to Washington Sunday afternoon. A large party, including more than half a dozen aides, accompanied him or drove separately to tiie Virginia City. -o- A- it. anything to increase and insure Most of Nation to Have Good Weather for 4th Washington, July 3 — (JP)— Foi most of the nation July 4 will Jae sunny and warm, but the Pacific northwest probably will have show ers and quite cool temperatures. That was the word from the weather bureau today in a revise-: nationwide forecast for Independ ence Day and the weekend. Temperatures probably wil country .soaring to the 90s Frida> range in the 80s in most of th afternoon in the southern, centra and southern plain's states. SAFETY NOTE Kansas City, July 3 — (JP)— Th white cars driven by traffic an safety department police will hav extra passengers tomorrow. Interns from the general hospiti will ride in each car to take car of any Fourth of July casualties Weather Bureau Warns of Storms Off U. S. Coast Miami, Fla., July 3—(UP)— A torm which should bring heavy ales off the middle and north Atlantic coasts was warned of to- ay by the U. S. Weather Bureau ere in a special advisory. The dvisory said: "A frontal disturbance is devel- ping about 150 miles south-south- ast of Cape Hatteras, N. C. at 0:30 a. m. (EST) the center was ear latitude 33.5, longitude 75, ap- iarently moving north-northeast- ivard at aboat 18 miles per hour. Strongest winds are about 40 to 4f mph. "Further increase in intensity if ndicated as it moves northeast vard over the Atlantic Ocean. "Vessels are cautioned agains' leavy gales off the middle anc lorth Atlantic coasts during the next two days. Small craft alonj he North Carolina capes shoulc •emain in port today and tonight.'' wall. stroger earth Several small streams south of 5ti Louis which were filled by leavy rais Sunday and Monday and prevented by backwator from flowing into the Mississippi have gone out of their banks sending more families from their homes and flooding some highways and railroads. The Red Cross reported 10,940 persons homeles-s in Missouri and 2|972 in Illinois. About 48,000 were affected in Iowa, Nebraska, Mis- s,ouri and Illinois by the floods. engineers said .-most of.-, the . _,._,. igL levees.between St' Louis and Cairo, 111., vvould hold if there was no more rain. All dikes were in critical condition, they emphasized,'because .of prolonged high water.. . BURNS PROVE FATAL Little Rock, July 3 —(/P)— Elmer Lee Pennington, 28-year-lod Fordyce war veteran, died at a hospital here yesterday of burns suffered Tuesday when the gasoline tank of his truck exploded near Fordyce. Barbecue Stand Entered and Robbed Jimmy Cook's Barbecue stand on South Hazel was entered and rob bed of approximately $13 in smal' change sometime last night, the local police department announce; today. The stand was entered through a rear screen which the robber cut. So far as known nothing else was missing. Police are investigating. Communist Controlled Hungary Was Saved by $35,000,000 Train Ride at Expense of U.S. upon House passage, since all tax measures must originate-in that hamber. The House has sched- led a vote for next Tuesday. Taft said he expects Senate ac- ion also next week. The Republican majority on the louse Ways and Means Commit- ee consented to the few h'purs de- ay in voting on request of Democrats who asked a little jtime to itudy the legislation. ; The bill differs from theX measure vetoed by President Truman fune 16 only m a change ol the effective date from July 1'to next January "1. - ... . ,;•'•• Chairman Knutson>;(R-Minn) >told reporters: "We . Will) approve the measure this afternoon." Speaker -Martin : (R-Ma'ss) has 'orecast passage of :the bill by the House next.Tuesday.-A House vote ias been sef for that'! date. Rep. Doughton (D-NC) ,'. ranking Democrat on the committee, requested the delay after-,the committee had considered,/ the measure »for. an hour; Iwh'ind.-.'£ doors.. '. " ';• ••/'"'.- r ; --' : ' KnufsOn commented that the decision by Republican leaders to go a^ead with the new tax bill "apparently took many members by surprise." . • Some Democrats predicted that Mr. Truman again would veto the tax legislation and doubts arose Continued on Page Six . . —— —^ o- Red Touch Is Making Life Tough at Sea By ROBERT C. RUARK Scripps-Howard Staff Writer. At sea, July 3—There was a scuffle and a clatter and a commotion in the crew's mess. "Sounds like somebody ran a knife into somebody," I said. "I hope so," the junior third assistant engineer replied, seriously. 'Id like to stick a couple back harping on my the Senate.' A columnist for Little "Rock newspapers for many years, Whiteside wrote of: Wasnington events as he saw them from nis job as a congressional secretary. He came/to Washington in 1907 as secretary to me iate. Kep. Ben Cravens .of the fourth Arkansas district. He later served in the same capacity lor Rep. Otis Wingo and m 1921 went over to the Seriate; side ot the capitol as secretary to the late senator Thaddeus Caraway. After the senator died, Whiteside continued as secretary to Mrs. Hattie Caraway, who succeeded her husband as senator. After Mrs. Caraway was defeated lor re-election in 1944, Whiteside remained on Capitol Hill as an aide to the committee on enrolled bills until his retirement. He retired from this job when the Republicans took control of Congress last January. Recently, he had been engaged m writing a book "My 40 Years m Washington." ' < notice of appeal and sentence .. deferred pending the outcofti -' that action, May, who received/.t™ verdict calmly, commented that/J was "only round one." i?£'d The 72-year-old former' rilettj cratic congressman from ^Jp*** tucky was accused of accep more than $50,000 in bribes " ting war department favor _. Garsson brothers' $70,000,000 tlons empire during the wart, A federal jury that heaic weeks of testimony., delibei., only one hour and 60 miriutesj fore returning its verdict."i'ne'nL imum penalty for each would-v six years imprisonment and.SitO; fine. , "*^j Jury Foreman George Ei "V solemnly intoned "guilty'" to" J u of the three counts of t the Infl ment charging that May and Garssons conspired t baefrar" government. Then, in response to a c deie request, all seven men and'* women jurors were polled. '_,_ answred "guilty" to all chars against the defendants. ) V 'JJ Charles J. Margiotti, head o&t deiense counsel, said ha would, peal -within five days. was an •»t *«"•?• V?*IWIM*WHW, am tne employes compensa.,--. mission, said today of her ,'former secretary: "I think he awlully fine man," Whiteside leaves his widow, one daughter, Mrs. A. S. Gardiner, Jr,, of- Washington, and' three grandchildren. Funeral services have been tentatively set for Saturday in Washington. there, myself." I hate to keep Young Prince of Iran Having School Problems New York, July 3 — Of) Prince Hamid Reza Pahlevi of Iran, younger brother of the king, was back in New York today face-to-face with the school book problem he flew the Atlantic to avoid. The 15-year old prince arrived from Paris yesterday — amid reports he tried to miss the plane after it landed at Gander, Nfld. On June 24, the curly-haired lad left St. George Preparatory School in Newport, R. I. and the following day hooped aboard a commercial airliner for Paris. He ran away, the prince told an impromptu news conference at La Gjardia Field because "I like it better in Tehran." Abdol-Ghassem P a n a h y, Iranian consul general, said another of the prince's older brothers, Abdo, had discussed plans for entering the errant student in a military academy "to be taught strict discipline." Would the king be angry with him for his flight^ "Maybe," the young prince replied with a shrug. By HAL BOYUE New York — (/P)^— The new Communist custodians of ancient Hungary took over a country rescued from financial chaos by a $35,000,000 train ride with Uncle Sam at the throttle. The followers of the hammer and sickle, now in power, have conveniently overlooked that little detail, but some among the Hungarian masses must remember. It was right out of a Hollywood script — that train ride last August that saved Hungary from total collapse by the timely return of ils entire gold reserve —22 tons of the precious metal. I was the only reporter aboard he train, and I'd like to tell a few angles about the trip that weren't pointed out at the time. The Hungarian government's store of gold has been captured by he American Third Army in Austria, and removed to Frankfurt for safekeeping. When the Hungarian pengo soared to fantastic inflationary levels, it became evident that only solid money could save the country. The American government agreed to return the Hungarian gold reserve to back a. new currency — the florin. The hope was that by this act being returned. > "We are very grateful to the American government," he .said. "This is the first step toward Hungary's ' reconstruction." Our trip was supposed to be a deep secret, but once we crossed the Hungarian border crowds lined the train at every station. They knew that the gold we brought again would give them a money that had meaning. But at one way stop a middle- aged Hungarian asked us: "Why are you bringing back gold now? You are only handing it over to the Russians." We assured him that the gold would be turned over to the Hungarian government itself, not to oc cupying Soviet officials, and he merely shrugged and said; "No matter who you deliver it lo, the Russians will get it out through the back door." The train was repeatedly delayed by the Russian engineer who had taken over at the border. He gave no reason for the halts. We reached Budapest at dusk, several hours behind schedule. "It is a simple mystery," said one of the Hungarian ^officials aboard. "The Russian's had' no intention of letting you arrive in own background, but when papa went to sea there was a certain camaraderie between the officers and the men. I learned a lot of thincs from my mates. We weren't buddies on the ship, but ashore we were equals, and on the 12-to-8 watch, when I was rassling the wheel, the second mate and I were conversational chums. There is little today but anger between the men who supervise the ship and the men who work for the supervisors. Contempt, really, is a better word than an- Armitage to Attend Dallas Meet July 6-12 The Board of Directors of the Chamber of Commerce have authorized the secretary, Charles A. Armitage, to attend the Southwestern Institute for commercial organization secretaries at Dallas the week of July 6-12. This institute is ;held each year and consists of courses in the various functions of Chamber of Commerce work plus lectures by some of the nations outstanding business men. There are also' several round tablp and informal discussion groups held for. an exchange of information and successful methods used in promotional activities. Mr. Armitage attended the institute last year for the elementary course and, having passed witn a rating of ' excellent, will be enrolled this year in the advanced course. At that time, he told ttw'i ho will file a motloh Tjr a' ment ot acquittal, irrespecu> the jury's d.ecjsion, a mot arrested, tfafoidniti and a •, for a Margiottilsjyepjiiest „ . and Trial -Justice T 'Hqjji Schweinhaut said that bit" '' defendants will be contini r _. til this matter is-settled 1 ."'i May licked his lips sever, as the jury was" being-fpol at the .conclusion portets: "Well, this is one. Murray, ly, "IX' Continued SVeBra Gels Funds From County America could keep "a Window broad daylight, when the whole city ._ ._ ii ........, •_ i,_!_ T^...._.: I--.,. . * ,--_•_.--'_*!open to the west" in this Russian- occupied nation. The gold was loaded aboard three baggage cars at Frankfurt. Tnere was a kind of victory symbolism in the train itself. It had been built by Adolf Hitler as a present for Benito Mussolini but taken over by the fuehrer for his own use after he decided his Italian all" no longer deserved expensive favors. There were thirty-three can military guards train. Ameri- aboard the Several times during the journey Dr. Nicolas Nyardi, then an undersecretary in the Hungarian ministry of finance, went into the b?<?- gage cars to be sure the gold hadn't fallen out on the tracks. Ho was could see you Americans bringing us our gold." And Communist newspapers in the capital in inspired articles immediately told the Hungarian population that only strong Soviet pressure had brought return of the gold reserve. The happy Hungarians threw us a party and gave everybody a bundle of the vanished pengoes as souvenirs. Then we went right back where we came from —and there were no train delays on the way out. Well, anyway it was a nice ride, the scenery was lovely and now the Hungarian Communist government has 22 tons of pure capitalistic gold in its proletarian treasury. But they sure drew down the shade still dazed that every ounce was on the window looking west ger. To a man—the master, with 45 years of sea experience; the chief mate, with 15; the chief engineer, with 19 — the officers aboard the S. S. Express say that the non-licensed personnel who go to sea today are the most incompetent, disinterested, highly paid, best fed, most luxuriously quartered, and plain no damn good of any seamen ever to sign on a ship. They say they are worse than in the war, when the waiter went to sea, and the shoeshine boy went to sea, aiming at high wages and good living and exemption from ihe draft. The chief is down in the engine room all day long. He says none of his non-licensed people know a petcock from a plumber's friend. The mate rends his hair and curses. The old man remembers when he sailed as master for $125 a month; as deckboy for $12, dodging boots and curses from the mates. Much of what used to be regarded as ship's work today is overtime. The mechanical aids to seafaring are so numerous now that there is very little hard work aboard—none of the back-breaking toil of as little as 12 years ago. Yet there are instances of deliberate slowdowns— instances where eager youngsters get the old take it easy, Sonnie. from the sophisticates. Take it easy or else. There is no doubt that the Communist toach is heavy in the National Maritime Union. At the end of each trip a delegate from the crew is chosen to go to the NMU "leadership schools," and they come back charged to the scuppers with Karl Marx. There is a gradual swing back to thp Pre- Russian alliance feeling— that it is hard to be a good union man. Continued on Page Two Ford Withdraws Recognition of Foremen's Union Detroit, July 3 — (O>)— The Ford Motor Co. today withdrew its recognition of the Foreman's Association of America, an independent union, as bargaining agent for 3,800 striking supervisory employes. In a letter to Robert H. Keys, FAA president, John S. Bugas, vice president and director of Ford public relations, said: "Our experience with the Foreman's Association of America has forced us to the conclusion that management unions in this company are unsound in principle and unwoikable in piactice." Under terms of the Taft Hartley labor law, Ford would not be required to recognize the foremen 1 ?' union after Aug. 22 when the hew act becomes eifective. Although the company has had no contract with the foremen since May 9, it repeatedly expressed willingness in the past to deal with those foremen who belonged to the union. The strike began May 21 after Ford declined an FAA request that it represent all supervisory em ployes in Ford's plants. A check for S300 was serif'toa by Mrs. EarUel«cWiUiams/c& S home demonstration J *c6unpil Is; retary, to Mfg. 1 ' B, C.> Har^ Mabelvale, 4-H Rouse, Chairman. Tiie $300 was i _._,.„., Hempstead f County' home demc stration women to furnish , aV " room .'- "-- "•-•-•• ' " " House versity aie available'. Hempstead''couni is one of the first, if not I counties > in the state to T money to furnish a room, /-vj The money was raised by' sqle of recipes fpr chances'«. blue satin, down comforter; b; bazaar,, held during National Hi. -„ Demonstration Week; by the i»aW of cook books, and by the - sale <£, sandwiches a^ the Expermient Sta'4; tion on Adult Visiting Day,. Jian 27, The comforter, wnich'was ' away on Adult' Visiting brought $135j- the bazaar, }„„.._., the foods booth at the Exp'erirnen Station, $91.28; and the cook ho $98,22. Most ; -of the cook-;t money was made prior to De ber. 1946, 4, i ^jiv^u- The Hope well Club got the'iqg forter when Sheriff Claud Sut drew the club name from the',1 names in a hot box, as a pi the Visiting Day program. Hopewell club women had inves $11,90 In the comforter, inclu* $5.00 In club funds. The Ul Hill qiub made the comforter *ans raised $13.60 oh the recipe*, ,C clubs that invested $9.00 oc j in the comforte? were 'Baker,* ', ton," Rocky Mound, and , "" Infant Given Even Chance to Live Clarksvllle, July 3 — pound seven-ounce girl . . Caesarian section after the of her mgther has "an, even'c,,^, to live, "F physicians said today** The infant's mother, Mrs. A,C| Kreipke, i< 31-year-old wife, 'i farmer, died in her $'•*$>: truck yesterday en route to," iital. Dr. 1,James M. Ttolt " ed the baljy, which,,had pected July 4, was, bprn. or six mmut^g alter tfee death. „*• K , It was believed of a heart attack, , ,. Artilicial respiration aftd ; ere useii£for> a halfjiour," were youngster before a that the birth had b MARKETS TO CLOSE By The Associated Press Domestic security and commodity markets throughout .the Unite?} States will be closed Friday, July 4, and Saturday, July 5, with the exception of the giain exch'aoge* which will operate as usual on Saturday. Star Will Close All Pny FfM*y« The Staff; al> day FrJ. the Fourthj be no ' noon, Saturd paper, al iu

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