Detroit Free Press from Detroit, Michigan on September 24, 1939 · Page 7
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Detroit Free Press from Detroit, Michigan · Page 7

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Sunday, September 24, 1939
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- d S PART ONE Oxcart Taunt Irks Dickinson He Dares Critics to Attempt Recall By James M. Haswell (Fred Press Lansing Bureau ) LANSING, Sept. 23Gov. Dickinson in a belligerent mood invited his critics Saturday to circulate petitions and try to recall him from office. The GOVernOr denied that he's a pessimist, or follows an "ox cart philosophy,'.! It's his duty as a Public leader, he said, to discuss the faults of humanity, to warn younger folks about the moral dangers and pitfalls surrounding them, and to thoroughly understand evil in order to fight it. G.O.P. Speech Chafes Him The "oxcart" reference showed he was stung by the recent speech of James F. Thomson, Republican chairf an, expressing faith in the ideals of youth, and hopenot fear of what youth will do. Praise won't bring improvement, Dickinson argued. "It is pleasant and easy," he said, to point out the splendid achievements and the fine prospects to the millions of our young people who should be praised. It isn't so easy to call attention to those temptations that lead them along other lines. Probes for Inner Christianity "It is easy for a pastor to call attention to the fine-looking vested choir, the gilded pulpit and the complete church equipment, but It isn't so easy to call attention to those inside the church rolls who are pointed to by outsiders and purposely used as a type of average Christian. "Nor is it easy for the minister to explain why church members are at the Sunday ball game, when young boys and girls ask. "It is easy to point to the $S,- 000,000 tax receipts from the liquor traffic, but it isn't as pleasant to point out the evils growing out of this same traffic, which fills the prisons, asylums and other institutions. 'The church cannot be raised in Its spiritual influence by continually praising the attractiveness of the buildings. Perfect rhetoric in sermons will not sustain its usefulness when its members are not living Christian lives, Sees No Uplift in Praise "Nor can our young people, much as we admire them, raise the social life to a higher plane by praise, when the pitfalls are pulling so heavily the other way. "I cannot see that we can correct any of these evils without acquainting ourselves with the evil Itself and thoroughly understanding it. "The only way this can be done is to speak openly and speak the facts, but the facts should always be backed up by authority. When you do this, it cannot be called pessimism nor can it be called oxcart chatter. It is plain duty to those who are in authority or leaders. What I have done has been with this one thought in mind. Seeks No Detriment to State 'If the effect has been detrimental to the Republican Party it would he a favor to me to have ita leaders thoroughly analyze and point out where. "If it has been detrimental to the state, I would welcome recall proceedings. But as long as I am Governor I shall shirk no responsihility of calling attention to anything that will suggest removing pitf ails particularly from our young people who are responsible for the future and any time that I am holding the office of Governor or any other responsible position and cannot follow this course, I will consider it my duty to eliminate myself." Leland Spinning Wheel Keeps Home Art Alive LELAND, Sept. 23Mrs. Martin Bugal, Leelanau County pioneer, still makes a part of her familys clothes complete from shearing sheep to dying the finished socks and sweaters. During childhood, Mrs. Bugal sheared sheep. When she was married, she acquired a spinning V, heel and learned to card, spin, twist and knit. Today, she has a herd of 45 sheep. Home-made socks will last five years, if heel and toe are re-knitted at the end nt three years, Mrs. Bugia has learned. Mrs. Bugia makes her olkn.dyes, using a formula containing onion leaves for yellow and a brew from Indian weed for red. Last General Store Closes; Euchre Players Out in Cold POVAL OAK, Sept. 23The boys are seeking a new place in which to hold their daily euchre game now that the last general store in southern Oakland County has been succeeded by an antique shop. "There aren't so many euchre Players left either." adds Eugene Clement, who operated the store at ?,02 Center here for 48 years. 'Out of 28 of my old customers who have been coming to the store almost since it opened, Only two are leftPeter Fo 'ger and Paul F. Lang. 'We've been having our euchre games for about 20 years now in fact, I kept the store open during late months just to have a place to play." When Clement came to Royal 0:,k, it was a small country towti connected to Detroit only by railroad and a narrow dirt road. Clement started a bakery when a sister on Nine Mile Road complained she either had to bake or go to Detroit for bread; none was available in Royal Oak. . ,- - , , - 44 , ' .7a-r-e-. - - . - .. , rf ,--T c-77"--77- ...... - - ' ' .w.-141till .,. , , . .t. A A A,- i f- ', I it' ''', t,',' ,-1, ,-,- .- k , ,. , ', . -- ' ! ' '-si, -' ,., s it, I A, A 4 ' , i ,' , -..- '''' . , '- , ' th, 0. -, - P's.''. ;.''-1. t .N4 ' 4 ' 'e, , ' . lt, , ,,, I 4., t, '! 4 , , ' - t ' .k,',,'4" ' e - t kit, ' ' , . : . ,, ' , . 41,,,.. r 4 , , ' . A '' . , , , . .... , . , , . , . - t . - , .44:,p, . , ' "i I . ., , 1 , , 4 t Nt Q . 0.,., ,' , It'N ' . : :4 !'',,,i'i '14 '' : I ! .t ,N - r' 7,4'0,, , .,. ,,,-,, ',4,,k. t . ' t , , , .. t ''fil !,.ki t.:,, 'I i ,, . ' i ., )1- ,2't , , ...,,,b,! , !-' . '.ii .. I ri ,.., .., Ad . i,.. ' . . ... .... .., 1., tc '' klk '',4 i '. , ' '. . ' . ( 1 4 4, f . 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' 't , t l' ; ' . . 4 i '. 1 1 ' -.tt, ' ., I : 77..,.,,,,..;,,..., -, . ., ,,, : ,. : . , 1 ; .,, , t . .! , ,,. . ..,, i ' ''.,. ., ; , . , . , , : . . . :' ,.' , , .,. , ,,, , , , , , . . 1 , , X ' . , : . . , ;- 4,.. 5. ' 1 4 , , 1 , '' , 0. i ....,". ' , : 1. .4,. :,,,...4,.. k.,,,,g.,. , ?,,, i, ,,, , . . . . 44,,,,,,,,, k,: ' ' ,, . ' !' : ,-. , , I - : , , : .:. , , ; : : -,' '''" .1 ' , - : 1 I, e . : : : : : , :. k, ,, -: (, 7. . ". : ',' ' ' ''' ,4 , . , , , ,,,2,1,, 4,. tt,t; i'''..., , t is ,,,, ,,,,,v..0. , 244 , Michigan conservation officials offer farmers their most dramatic lesson in soil erosion and its cure by first showing what happens on a downhill planting. S. B. Thomas, county agricultural agent in Livingston County, demonstrates how rich topsoil collects in the Fair Time Recalls Old Mummy Hoax Cotton Was Plucked from Jackson Giant JACKSON, Sept. 23September and County Fair time renew the chuckles of older Jackson residents in recollection of the famous hoax perpetrated here 20 years ago. It is on Sept. 5, 1919, that an alleged mummy was d'ig up in the back yard of a City patrolman, Oriel Nierman, at 734 North East. The figure was 12 feet long, and had a wooden stake apparently driven through its heart. A Jackson physician, after ex-, amining the giant, expressed the theory that the man had been a freak due to a malformed gland. Coroner John Pulling solemnly pronounced the man dead and suggested that he had been murdered. News of the mummy traveled rapidly, and in only a few hours newspaper men poured into Jackson. Prof. Campbell Bonner and four University of Michigan anthropologists examined the figure. They departed without comment. It remained for Charles Tibbetts, Jackson reporter, to expose the hoax. In his close examination, he actually plucked cotton from the body. When the Jackson County Fair opened the next week, the Nierman mummy was placed on exhibition. Some gullible persons paid 50 cents each to see it, but adverse publicity caused NVilliam Burris, fair manager, to order Nierman to close his exhibit. Although Nierman resigned from the Police Department the same day his show closed, he's never changed his original story that he dug the mummy from his backyard. Pickert Suggests Tests for Cyclists as Aid to Safety A driver's examination for children who ride bicycles was suggested by Police Commissioner Heinrich A. Pickert, as a means of cutting down the number of accidents involving bicycle riders. While he admitted that he didn't know whether the suggestion would Trove practical, Pickert said something would have to be done about the situation. "It seems that one out of every four children is riding a bicycle. They are a danger to themselves and a menacc to traffic," Pickert said. Farmers for miles around, many along the Six Mile Road in what is now Detroit, began coming to Clement's. He added to his stock and a few years later when Detroit began supplying Royal Oak merchants, Clement had built his bakery into a general store. Farmers still came to him because he had warm bread. "I liked those years behind the counter. I knew all my customers intimately and knew all their Joys and their sorrows. They were honest people, too. I lost ' very little in bad debts and I would trust anyone." When Clements came here, it was no' unusual thing for Royal Oakers to walk home from Highland Park, about where the Briggs Body plant is today. Regular street car service was maintained from downtown Detroit to Milwaukee Ave. From there. a small street car ran to Highland Park. "But service was ao poor. it was often quicker to walk," Clement recalls. Farmers Get Dramatic ,'''k;.; Slump in Production Shocks Growers. s into Joining Federal Soil Saving Plan By Lawrence McCracken HOWELL, Sept. 23For the last 40 years, United States census figures have shown a gradual decline in production of Livingston and Genesee county farms. The climate , hasn't changed appreciably, seed is much dmproved, and better tools have improved land cultureso why is the land less productive ? Federal and State governments have been watching this gradual decline with apprehension. It is a condition that is general throughout the country. The Livingston-Genesee conditions are typical of those on 4,500,000 acres in Lower, Michigan alone. Uncle Sam has long known the answererosion. And erosion on a scale only second in degree to the erosion which created the dust bowls of the West and sent the tragic hordes of unwanted and landless farmers into California where their sufferings and trials furnished the material for John Steinbeck's , stark story, "Grapes of Wrath." Offers Homely Comparison "It's just this simple," S. B. Thomas, county farm agent, explains. 'When you buy a new suit of clothing, wear begins immediately. If you go sliding down bannisters, the seat goes a bit quicker, and it isn't going to be long before you're going to have to put away that suit or face the danger of acute , embarrassment when the seat rips. 'Well, Uncle Sam has ripped the seat out of his breeches in a number of places' right here in this state and this county. And in other places, it's dangerously thin it'll take expert patching and care to rnake it last." To demonstrate graphically just what is happening, how it happens, and how it can be prevented, the Soil Conservation Service of the Department of Agriculture since 1937 has quietly been carrying out an impressive demonstration program here. Similar demonstration areas are to be found in practically every state. Another in Michigan is located in Berrien County. Demonstration Under Way The demonstration here is being earned on in an area of 34,000 acres 26,000 acres in northern Livingston County and 8,000 in southern Genesee. About 60 per cent of the farmers in this area are co-operatingall voluntarily and all without government subsidy. About 2,000 or more persons a summer visit the project. Among these are farmers taken on tours by their county agents from all over the state, college students from many Michigan colleges, and numerous high school students, particularly those from the agricultural classes. Most impressive of all is a small test plot where visitors may see exactly what is happening to their lands. Visiting farmers may have looked over all the rest of the project skeptically, but they leave all their skepticism at that plot. The story it tells is too plain and convincing to be doubted. Located on Slight Grade The plot is located on a gentle 6 per cent grade. It is divided into six smaller areas. In one plot, corn is planted with the rows running up and down the slight hills. Another has corn planted with the rows running across the grade. Others are planted with alfalfa and brome grass. The history of the planting of all the plots is posted plainly. At the ends of the test .plots are six-foot-deep pits in which all the water running- off the plots is caught. As the sediment settles, it is gathered into boxes, tested for its nutritive value. and placed in boxes at the end of the plot where visitors may see for themselves just how much soil is lost under different conditions of cultivation. , -For inatance. 70 times as much soil is lost from the plot where ' the corn is cultivated in up and i THE DETROIT FREE PRESS - Lesson in Soil Erosion ,' '4 Fre Pretts Photo sediment pit on Test Plot No. 5. In the background can be seen how corn was planted for the test. Pits are protected by wooden covers from collecting wind-blown earth. Contour planting and brome grass are suggested for eroded slopes. down rows with each row forming a river to help carry away the valuable soil as in the plot where we have grass," R. C. Berymer, project manager, explains. ''Even such a simple remedy as planting the corn on the contour, that is, across the grade rather than up and down the grade, saves much of the soil-16 times as much soil being lost on up-an-down planting as on contour planting. "We've got to remember that the top soil of this area varies from eight to 14 inches in depth. Without top soil, which contains humus, the moisture-holding ingredient, and nitrogen we can't do successful farming corps are stunted and dry up. And nitrogen and humus of any value are present only in the top soil. When that is gone, the farm is gone. Yet, on many farms, we find the top soil 75 per cent dissipated, and the loss of 25 to 33V3 per cent of the top soil is common." Some Cases Hopeless How is the danger to be averted? In many cases, there's nothing that can be done. The top soil is gone. The land is good only for trees, if that. -"On other farms, the remedies are simple," Thomas says. "Maybe, relocation of a fence so an eroding hillside wil be made a part of the pasture, thus permitting the grass to hold the top soil, will be the answer. Or strip farming. with strips of grass and alfalfa between strips of corn, beans and cultivated crops so the flow of water down the hillsides is Impeded, may answer. "In many places, the land must Erosion Threatens Livingston Farms HOWELL, Sept. 23Wholesale abandonment of farms as an inevitable sequel to long-neglected erosion, results in loss of buying power and boosts taxes, says County Agent S. B. Thomas of Livingston County. Farm after farm in this county has been abandoned," Thomas explains. "The top-soil is gone in many places. Farmers who hung on for several years, trying to raise crops on the barren sub-soil, were forced to give up in despair." "The houses, barns, and improvements on those farms arE a loss. Thus we have fewer taxpayers, and taxes on productive farms are forced up. We have fewer customers for Detroit's automobiles, fewer customers for local merchants. We all suffer." "A farm doesn't have to be entirely denuded of its top-soil to reduce the buying capacity of its farmer. Tests show that the soil washed away is far richer than the average soil in the plot. Thus a farm apparently may have sufficient top-soil and yet lack the richly productive type necessary to make farming profitable." "I can show you farm after farm in Livingston County," says County Agent Thomas, "where the rows run up and down the hillshills much steeper than the six per cent grade on the test plot. Invariably at the top are the red marks of the sub-soil, where you will see stunted beans, potatoes, or whatever crop is grown. These farms are already dangerously eroded. Similar farming practices will mean their ruin and more abandoned farms within a few years. "However, it isn't only the soil on the hillside that is lest. As the top-soil goes, the up and down rows create tiny rivers which carry the sub-soil and scatter it over the top of the rich top soil on the low lands. Thus that soil, too, is ruined." trrTningryt 4 .4 i. be retired from agriculture. Plantings of red and white pine are being made in some areas. They will eventually increase the value of the farm although they bring no quick returns. White spruce can be harvested for Christmas trees within a few years and some are planting those. Urges Intensive Farming But the eventual answer must be mpre intensive and careful farming of smaller areas. Instead of breaking up 20 acres, the farmer must break up 10. But he must put the same amount of fertilizer he planned to use on the 20 on the 10. And he must spend exactly as much labor on the 10 as he would spend on the 20. The 10 acres saved can go in grass and save the soil. "And the 10 acres carefully and Intensively farmed will produce just as much as the half fertilized, carelessly tended 20. We've got to learn to be better farmers, use the better seeds available, reduce the needless labor of harvesting preparing and plowing unnecessarily large acreage, and thus Increase net profits on smaller creage. Either that or there will be precious little farmland left for those who, come after us." Progressive farmers agree. So impressed have farmers on the edge of the government demonstration area been with results that they are now voluntarily setting up a Soil Conservation District to put the thing i they are learning into effect. More of these districts throughout the state are inevitable. The plan followed is entirely voluntary. A government agronomist, engineer, and soils expert go over the farmer's land and submit a plan. He suggests changes and these are discussed with their relation to soil conservation. Such things as diversion ditches are dug without charge by government workers. The farmer pays nothing for advicehe gets no pay for cooperation. And through use of his farm for demonstration purposes, thousands of other farmers ard I earning elementary principles about saving their farms. Relief Due in California After Seven Days of Heat LOS ANGELES, Sept. 23(A. P.)Southern California received some relief from high temperatures today, but the weather bureau thermometer rose above 100 degrees for the seventh consecutive day. The reading at 11:30 a. m., WaS 101.2 but at noon it was back to 98. The weather bureau predicted "definitely cooler" weather tomorrow. The record-breaking heat spell, during which the temperature here has not gone below 75 for a week, was charged with responsibility for 88 deaths in this vicinity and more than a dozen elsewhere in the State. Robot Teaches Rookies How to Drill in Canada MONTREAL, Sept. 23(U.P.) A robot instructor has replaced the old-time drill sergeant at barracks here. The Royal Canadian Regiment, one of the units in the Canadian active service, now in training at the barracks. has obtained a gramophone and a large number or records of march tunes and is using them to train the recruits to keep in step. A public-addresa system amplifies the music. !Nobel Peace Award Unlikely This Year ! COPENHACEN, Sept 21 ! (A.P.)The newspaper Berlingske Aftenvis, in a dispatch from Stockholm. said that it vas un; likely any Nobel Peace prizes would be aarded during the war. It was pointed out that none was , awarded during the Worli War. SUNDAY, 1.- 24. 1939 Mexican Relics Reward Scout Royal Oak Engineer Conquered Wilds I ROYAL OAK, Sept. 23An old Spanish watch presented him by PreSident D i a z, 15 geologists' maps, and detailed records of mineral deposits and the terrain from Mexico City to Acapulco bold .' for George P. Good, of 909 N. I Main, the memories of the first survey trip over what was once the wildest stretch of country on ' the continent. Good acquired the relics while surveying the land for a proposed -1 railroad from Mexico City to Aca- pulco in 1892 after two previous expeditions into.the Mexican wilds had met with failure and death. .e, . He did not learn until he reached Mexico City that one previous ex' ;1 pedition had been wiped out by . 11 Mexican band its and another ' :11 turned back by the bandits and '.It , i! the elements. ih: 1 i After a conference with Diaz, A., 1' with whom Good later became a kg l , close friend, he set out with two t V41 body guards, an interpreter, letters of introduction to village offi.,-,Na cials along his route, 10 camp men, '. 't Itl and a train of mules ladened with -"-3 food and copper coins. Most Hazardous, lie Says Despite trailing of precious metals which led him to every outpost in South America, Africa,1 China, Japan, Australia, and North' America, Good considers his Mexican expedition the most hazardous of his long years as an internationally know geologist and mining engineer. Blocking his way in the wilds were uncharted streams, mountains, savage bandits, wild hogs, mountain lions, and the elements. A few days out of Mexico City a cloudburst struck with all the fury possible in tropical climates, washing away supplies and equipment. For days after the deluge, Good says, his company subsisted on tortillas alone. After failing to sight any persons for days, they suddenly met a group of priests carrying a full rigged ship, eight feet long, across the Sierra mountains on their sl.oulders. Behind thein a thousand pilgrims followed in what Good termed an annual Holy celebration. Besieged by Bandits Still deeper in the wilds, Good and his men made camp behind a barricade, when bandits appeared from the surrounding hills and laid siege. For five days Good's party was surrounded and slowly starving because of their inability to get out for fresh food. On a dark night, one of the men sneaked away to a village. There he telegraphed Diaz of the plight of the party and the President dispatched troops to rescue them. When he entered the Mexican wild lands, the Royal Oak man was a strapping explorer weighing 175 pounds, but the rigors of the trip had taken 60 pounds from him. He emerged ravaged by Spanish fever, neuritis, and nervous shock. However, Good declares that the trip was not all hardships. For a time he stayed with Don Jose Pinez, one of the wealthiest men In the world. Living in the country shut off from the rest of the world, Pinez owned a gold mine which had been in his family for generations. The money was deposited in the Bank of England, but Pinez never bothered to discover his worth. Pinez mines produced only gold that was assayed at better than 1100 a ton. Spanish Watch 14 Gift After completing the survey, Good was congratulated by Diaz and as a token of his esteem was presented with an old Spanish watch which not only records the time, but also gives the month and date of the day. Despite the rigors of his adventuring, Good is a strong healthy man. He will be, as he expresses It. 86 years young Sept. 25. He has retired, but often sits at his desk, which he claims was the first one to be used by John D. Rockefeller before his rise as an oil tycoon, and pores over the reports and clippings of his active days. Fight Over Money Leads to Slaying Murder Charged to Ferndale Suspect ROYAL OAK, Sept. 23Gene Harlow, 35 years old, of 2342 Wolcott, Ferndale, was held on a first-degree murder charge Saturday after the death of La Velle Shank, 22, 57 Fairwood, Pleasant Ridge. Shank died in Royal Oak Private Hospital of stab wounds. Arraigned Saturday morning before Judge Earl N. Nash in Ferndale, Harlow demanded examination which was set for Sept. 28. He was remanded to the Oakland County Jail without bail. The wounds were inflicted early Thursday morning when Harlow and Shank quarreled over money. A slashed artery near the heart caused Shank's death, hospital attendants said. More than 200 stitches were required to close his wounds, it was said. Roy Fearnley. 46, witness to the fight, is at liberty on bond until the hearing. Farmer Electrocuted as Charge Wanders OKLAHOMA CITY, Sept. 23-- (A.R)--R. M. W. Cody, 45 years old, was electrocuteA on his farm following this freakish sequence of events: The steering gear of a truck broke on a hilltop in front of the Cody home. The truck crashed into a 4.000-volt utility pole. One of the wires fell nn metal roadside sign 200 feet away. The sign charged a barbed-wire fence. The fence set fire to grass near the Cody home. Water which Cody threw at the blaze hit the fence and conducted the elei-iricity to hs tociy. Treasure Hunter 'I ,,-'. .. - - ' ''. ', ',, , , , . 1 ' 1.. r ..'"'''Ir.- ,, N. '' , , - k - ' ' ,' i .. , -- , ,. : ' 1 ' ' ' . . . -P'''' I , ,;,... . , ' 1 r ,,,- , 1 , ) , , ;' ' t,..1- ,,,-.---: - ( .. GEORGE P.- GOOD Fr,' Preys Photo Explorer for precious metals all over the world, now at 86 at Royal Oak he sits among his souvenirs. Records Show Events to Make Grandpa Blush ANN ARBOR, Sept. 23--Despite the mustache, frock coat and serious expression Grandpa wears In that University of Michigan class picture you have of him. he wasn't always the gentleman and scholarno matter what he tells you now. For example, back in the '60s , the Junior Class held its annual I "Exhibition." Irreverent sopho- ' mores seized upon the event to: Issue an annual mock program which they distributed to members of the audience. In '62, O. F. Drury, W. B. Hendr3rx and E. D. W. Kinne were among class members taking part. The sophomores in their mock pro. gram referred to them as Our Fool Drury, Woe Begone Hendryx, and Endless Drawling Windy Kinne. They drew expulsions for that. But in '64 the sophomore program contained this reference to the Junior Class: Now view the young as off the stage they pass, And ask how Nature made so vile a class." By 1870, the program had become so bad that many sophomores were suspended for their part in Issuing it. And in 1873, 47 students were suspended for bolting classes to attend a circusa little matter Grandpa may never mention. Now what was that you were saying about Jitterbugs andswing music, Grandpa ? Theme of Dinner Will Be Harmony An industrial relation a dinner to be held at 6:30 p. m. Thursday In Hotel Book-Cadillac and sponsored by the Detroit Board of Commerce, the Employers' Association of Detroit and the Michigan Manufacturers Association will present several notable speakers. The dinner is in the form of a preview ofthe 1939-40 program of industrial relations as outlined by the industrial department of the Y.M.C.A. Harry Newton Clarke, counsel on industrial and personnel relations, will speak on the Y.M.C.A.'s Industrial relations program and its objectives; D. D. Decker, of the Wolverine Tube Co., will lead a round table discussion to show how application of the plan develops industrial relations, and C. R. Dooley, of the Socony-Vacuum Oil Co., will speak on what part it plays in management. Old-Fashioned Meal Furnished by Traffic It isn't often that Selman Robinson, of 2633 Hastings, can have an old-fashioned Southern meal, but an accident on Saturday provided him with his Sunday dinner of 'possum. Two policemen driving a scout car a few blocks from Police Headquarters accidentally struck and killed an opossum Saturday. As soon as Robinson, who washes cars In the police garage, heard of it, he dashed to the officers and asked for the prize. He got it. Utica Judge Helped Capture First Armored Plane in 1917 UTICA. Sept. 23As armored bombers of capacities the world hardly dreamt of 25 years ago are spreading death over Europe, Maj. J. Gordon Rankin, now a justice of the peace here, recalls the excitement created in the World War when a group in his command captured the first German armored warplane after three days of intensive fighting. Reports of the appearance of the German armored plane had created consternation on the front as solliers speculated as to what an airplane safe from machine-gun fire would mean to trench fighters. The Stars and Stripes, A.E.F. newspaper. camel a report on "a new type armored German plane of monstrous proportions." The United States Army Air Corps was determined to capture one of the ships as engtncers eagerly awaited a chance to study its construction. Maj. Raoul Ltd-berry. America's first war ace. lost his life in attempting the capture. Finally -one was forced clown. The German pilot tried desperetely to reach tus own lines and 7 Soviets Weigh Baltic Question Communism Started in Polish Areas MOSCOW, Sept. 23 (AP.) Moscow's attention centered tonight on the Soviet Unions future relations with small Ba 'dates and on economic reorganization of the three-fifths of Poland designated the Russian zone of occupation. On the diplomatic front, speculation was stirred by plans of Karl Selter, Estonian foreign minister, to come here for conversations with Russian officials. Speculation has centered especially on possible border revisions. Before the World liar, Estonia was part of Russia. On the Polish front. huge Polish estates were being divided among former tenants and servants. In the occupied zone the new life was being inaugurated in numerous ways. Tonight's General Staff communique said that during the day Russian troops continued their ad. vance thvough Poland .toward the demarcation line established by Germany and the U.S.S.R.. occupying the towns of Gorodok in the north and Stryj in the south. The Russian troops took over a number of towns west of Brest-Litovsk and continued operations to clear out small groups of Polish troops, the communique reported, adding that , southeast of Kovel, 8,000 Polish officers and men had been captured. and 2,000 horses. several railway trains and sundry military equipment seized. - Hungarian Troops Establish Their Diplomatic Relations By Elmer W. Peterson MUNKACS, Hungary (Near the Polish Frontier)Sept. 23 (A. P.) Russian and Hungarian troops established formal contact today in this district high in the Carpathian mountains, ending another phase of the Red Army'a occupation of a part of Poland. The Soviet's red flag with its hammer and sickle waved in the breeze beside the red, white and green banners of Hungary in dramatic scenes that a month ago would have been impossible. Relations Established Planting of the Russian flag along the entire frontier coincided with a renewal of normal diplomatic relations between Russia and Hungary. Harmonious relations were suspended by Russia after Hungary announced last January that she had agreed to sign the anti-Comintern pact. Meantime, it was reported that the Germans had ,abandoned Beskid and IIiisok passes in the Polish-Hungarian Carpathians in preparation for the establishment of a new division line which will give the Soviet authority over the entire frontier. A final group of 8,000 Polish soldiers crossed the frontier short. ly before the Soviet Army officers appeared. Bearded and hungry, the retreating troops brought stories of rearguard action in their flight to the border. Horror Stories Told Climbing the Polish Carpathl. ans, they said they were forced time and again to fight off roving bands of Ukrainians. Many of the wounded died because of lack of medical care, they said. Fourteen officers who killed themselves in despair. the soldiers reported, were buried in shallow graves with hasty military honors. New tales of horrors from the Polish interior left the refugees grim-faced. Ignace Albert Wmecki, Polish priest. said that 40 Roman Catholic theological students at Lwow were executed Sept. 17 by the Ukrainians. Woman Fights OH Two Purse Thugs Pauline Miareckl, 35 years old. of 5634 Kopernick, successfully fousght off two men at 8:35 p. Saturday to prevent her purse from being taken from her, police reported. The victim said that the men knocked her to the ground and then escaped in a car when her screams frightened them. After being treated by a private physician the woman told police that a woman and a baby were in the car the men used in their escape. Five other women reported to police that their purses were snatched Saturday night. The victims were Edna Root, 34. of 2363 Rieden, $6; Pearl Didcia, 17, of 2428 St. Aubin, $2; Nellie Carrick, 45, of 2930 E. Vernor. 20 cents; Annie Jones, 48, of 3011 Lyeaste. $9; Minnie Thatcher, 43. of 2931 John R, $3.50. , save the ship from enemy study. He succeeded only in coming down in No Mans Land between the lines. Both sides withheld their fire as the plane crew scurried to safety. But then the fight began, both sides carefully avoiding dam. age to the prize for which they battledthe armored plane which stood as a tangible trophy for the winner between them. For three days. there was carried on there as bitter fighting as the war paw," Maj. Rankin relates. There were continual local attacks and counteroffensives without cessation. The Field Service of the Fourth Air Park, First Pursuit Group, which I commanded. vas called up to help retrieve the plane. -Finally. the Americans forced the dogePd Germans back inch by inch. We went in with the infantrymen. hooked a truck onto the ship, and sped away behind the American lines with our pri bouncing behind us. Then the Americans retired to their former positions The plane would hardly be considered 'monstrous today." -- ,- - - ! aa A aaa?aa O.

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