Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on December 1, 1952 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Hope, Arkansas
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Monday, December 1, 1952
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Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor Alex. H. Washburn Local Government Is Going to Have to Use Tax Reserved for It I reported after the first meet Ing of the Joint Tax Revision Com mittee, in Litlle Rock November 17, that it was their unanimous opinion Arkansas had to begin solving its tax problems at the assessor's office in the courthouse. And that's what the commitlee put in writing at its final meeting Saturday. I might add that among those present was Charles Murphy, Jr., of El Dorado, who's scarcely .a candidate for the breadline. Here arc the lop five recommendations to Governor-elect Francis Cherry: 1. .Property Tax. It shall be reserved to local units of gov- crnmcnl. 2. Slate Tax Commission. It should be created by constilu- tional amendment, with exclusive responsibility' of administering the stale assessment laws. This agency should consist of three members, to be appointed by the governor with the consenl of the senate to serve staggered terms of six years each. 3. Assessors. They should hold office for a four-year period, but should be appointive — not effective. Applicants for the office would be required to take an examination given by the state commission, those passing the examination being certified as cligibles to a County Selection Board, which would make the actual appointment. Members of this local board would be: County judge, chairman of the county board of education, and a representative of the cities selected by the mayors of all incorporated towns within the county. 4. Basis of Assessment. Property should be appraised at full (100 per cent) market or actual value. 5. Rates of Taxation. Rates of each level of government should be determined by popular vote, such rates of levy to be within constitutional limits hereafter to be adopted. Taxpayers shall be given the right to appeal on all budgets. Penalty. If a county refuses to equaliz6 s assessments within a given period of time or follow standard.'methods of appraisal as prescribed by the state commission the latter shall have the authority to withhold all state aid from all levels of local government receiving aid. There were other recommendations, too, but it was the overwhelming opinion of the committee that they were valueless without property tax reform and should be sacrificed if necessary to accom- :.• plish the latter when it is actually taken up by Governor-elect Cherry and the 1953 General Assembly. The fact is, when you investigate tax rates in Arkansas and compare them with either the national average or those of 'comparable neighbor states you discover soma- thing that persuades you our state is at the end of her rope unless she attacks the property question. Arkansas citizens themselves suspect they are covered up with too many state taxes. Factually this is true. In 1951 state taxes took 5.8B per cent of Arkansas' income, but only 4,14 per cent of income for the nation as a whole, But the local property tax burden in Arkansas is light. It figures only $13.68 per capita (1950), against $47.76 for the nation. It was 1.73 per cent, of our income, but 3.6 per cent of income in the whole country. For instance, the f per-capita yield of the local property tax was three times ours in Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas: and double ours in Mississippi and Tennessee. Although the property levy is already in effect reserved for local use (the state no longer extends , an ad valorem tax) It is a tax that p is not being adequately applied What we have here is a picture pf local units all over Arkansas calling for aid from a state so overburdened that it in turn is con tinually seeking help from the fed era! government. In 1951 Arkan sas drew federal grants amount ing ,to 32 per «ent of the stated general revenue-— higher than any state in America except one, Wy oming. The committee doubted that Ar i, kansas was as poverty-stricken a 4he local level as these figures would indicate. The cold truth is, the state gov ernment is out of s.oap when i comes to finding more, "state aid" lor local use — and.., in turn, the federal government is probably going to crack down on the business of helping states that don't collect taxes at home. We've been going on the assump- »on that -state -aid" 1* a «ure-aU for local tax n c blemfj and the collapse of the state program a couple of years ago was a ruoe shock. While in Uttle Rock on these tax committee meetings — put entirely aside from them — I looked into |be state aid business as it pertains to the public schools. I'll tell you tomorrow what I found — and niter that I'm pretty »u*e most of will agree we're wasting Hope 54TH YEAR: VOL. 54 — NO. 41 M«r Af HAM !•»*, l>rau 1*17 ConiolMatml Jon, It, mt Star WEATHB* AltKANSAS — _ ensional rain: eohtfnuM cold this afterho«iu night, Tuesday " tonight. HlHh8!"l«wad Rainfall .ft HOPE, ARKANSAS. MONDAY, DECEMBER 1, 1952 Tax Committee Recommends Several Changes LITTLE ,ROCK, Ml—One of the constitutional amendments propos ed by the Arkansas State Tax As sesfors Association Convention! which opened here today. The Arkansas Democrat said that early arrivals to the conven tion predicted that the proposed j amendment to make the county tax assessor's office appointive in stead of elective would receive the most opposition. | Another proposal—for forming aj under fire, the Democrat said. ] sion—also probably would come 1 under fire, the Democrat said.c The Tax Committee's rocommcn 1 dations were disclosed Saturday. In a -report to be submitted to Gov. i elect Francis Cherry, the commit tee recommended that constitution j al changes to revamp the state's property tax structure be voted upon by the people in 1954. The committee also made ten tative recommendations on income, corporation, corporation franchise, sales and cigarette taxes. The Committee said the properly tax proposals were the key the tax revision program asked by Cherry. Recommendations from the com mittee included: 1. The creation of a three-member state tax commission by con stitutional amendment, with the 1953 Legislature determining pro] cedures Until the porposal is plae ed on the ballot in 1954. 2. Make the 'county assessor position appointive instead of elective, and for four year terms. 3. Reservation of the property .ax to the exclusive use of local units of government counties, municipalities and school districts. 4. Appraisal of all property at full 100 per cent "market, or actual, value." 5. A popular vote anually on budget needs rather than a mill ago rate of each local government unit; taxpayers to have the right to appeal the budget figures before the election. 6. Changing the-tax calendar to provide for assessment and collec tion of taxes within the same year. 7. Give the tax commission au thority to withhold state aid from any local branches in government in counties which fail to equalize assessments within a given per iod of rivises to follow appraisal methods prescribed by the com- Cohtinucd on Page Two BACK AGAIN —.Trunk Mur- dress Winnie Ruth Judd has again been captured for the sixth time at the home of her guardian in Phoenix, Arizona, This time she escaped by cutting a hole in a bathroom screen. — NEA Telephoto. M«mb«fi Th« AmcUUd Pntt I, Audit »untu of Clrtul«tl««t Av, Ntt PolH Clr.l. « MM. Endlnn S»P». SO, W» — »,»»4 Wreck Injuries Prove Fata! to Hope Man Herbert Lewnllcn, ngcd 43, an electrician for the Texas-Eastern Company, died about 3 p.m. Sunday of injuries suffered earlier in a highway accident west on 07 near the weght station. State Trooper Travis Ward aald a Jeep driven by Lewnllcn was sideswiped by a car driven by Theo Primus, Negro of Bodcavv ,, .,,.„.„. a „,. umiy area. The Jeep skidded about 40 will be brought to F'nlcon for bur- Hormone Treatment Changes American From Man to Woman, Danish Physician Reports L. M. Duke, 41; Formerly of Bodcaw, Dies L. M. Duke, about 41. a former resident of Bodcaw, died Sunday fit Ills home in Waterproof, Louisiana. Funeral services were to be held at 3:30 p.m. in Louisiana. The body feet and overturned, throwing Lew- alien clear of the wreckage, Ward said. Primus' nuto traveled about 150 feet, overturned three times and crashed into a telephone pole. W. C. Butler of Hope riding with Lewallcn, escaped serious Injury. Primus also escaped injury, but his brother, George was shaken up and two other occupants, Jessie White, Negro, suffered a broken shoulder and John White suffered a severely cut hand. Union, Bus Company Try to End Strike LITTLE ROCK, UP)—Union and company officails meet here today in a third attempt to end the 2- week-old strike against the Arkansas Trailways Bus Co. , Federal Mediator Charles A. Wheeler said last night that .Robey W. McClendon, company vice president and general manager, and F. A. Purcell, deputy president of the Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen would hold their third meeting since the strike began Nov. 18. Forty drivers and six mechanics struck company depots at Little Rock, Hot Springs and Texarkana in a wage dispute, idling 30 buses on runs between Memphis and Texarkana. The drivers are seeking, among other benefits, an increase from 5 cents a mile to 6 cenls; the mechanics are asking an hourly wage hike from $1.33 to $1.75. Two previous meetings have ended in a deadlock. Loco I Soldier Is in Radio School CAMP ROBERTS, Calif., Pvt. Howard Stevenson, son of Mr. and Mrs. David Stevenson of Route 1, Hope, is now attending Radio School training with the 7th Armored Division, at Camp Roberts, Calif. Private Stevenson is training at Camp Roberts under the Army's most advanced basic educational setup, the Division Faculty s tern. Ownership of Ex-Slave's Land Decided LITTLE ROCK I/P) — The Arkand sas Supreme Court today decided for the second time ownership of Union County real estate which descended from a former slave.s The Court held, as it had before, that two linos of heirs of "Old Joe" Edwards, the slave, were entitled to share the property —the descendants of five children of the slave marriage of Edwards and Patsy Gant and the descendants of five children of another slave marriage of Edwards and Susan Wroten. Mary Johnson and others of the Svsan: line 1 ' of :35..j-:poBsonsv.,*p- pealed from Union Chancery and Probate decisions holding that Lossie Daniels and 76 others of the "Patsy line" would share the property. Today's Supreme Court decision was similar to one handed down Jan. 9, 1950, when the Court originally set out that both lines were heirs of "Old Joe." * At that time the case was sen back to tho lower courts with in structions that, since all heirs were not then represented, possible in terventions be passed on. The court today noted that 55 persons intervened as descendants of the "Patsy line" in addition to the original 22. There were no interventions by additional persons claiming descent through the "Susan line." The Susan heirs sought to reopen the entire case on the ground of newly discovered evidence. This evidence was rejected as insufficient by the lower courts and the Supreme Court agreed. The Supreme Court opinion contains frequent references to "jumping the broom", a phrase indicating a recognized liaison between slaves. The Court commented that marriage in ' the legal sense "was impossible for slaves." Tho litigation started after the death of J. W. (Jifn) Edwards, a son of "Old Joe" and Aveline Edwards. J. W. Edwards had no direct descendants fend the Court, in both today's opinion and the earlier one, held that his share of his father's estate passed to the two lines of collateral heirs. Today's opinion, wrilten by Associate Justice Minor W. Millwee, did not indicate the size of the estate. Theopia Primus driver of an auto involved in a wreck in which Herbert Lewallen was killed, waived a preliminary hearing in Municipal Court this morning on a charge of involuntary manslaughter and was bound over for grand jury action with bond fixed al $1,500. Trooper Ward said his investigation showed that Primus was driving about five feet on the wrong side of the black line. The Slate Officer said Primus was charged with drunk while driving and negligent homocidc. Mr. Lewallcn had lived in Hope about 25 years and for the past four and a half years had been electrician for the pipeline company. Prior to that he was chief electrician for Hope Municipal Water and Light Plant for twenty years. He is survived by his widow, Mrs. Edna Lewallen,- a daughter, Carolyn, his parents, Mr. and Mrs J. W. Lewallcn of Sherdiun, two! brothers, R. L. of Benton and Andy Lewallen of Wichita, Kansas, and, three' sisters, Mrs. Autry Wilson of Hope, Mrs. Gertrude Colvin ol Long Beach, Calif., and Mrs. Tdm England of Wichita, Kansas. Funeral services will be held at 3 p.m. Tuesday at the First Methodist Church by the Rev. Virgil Keely, assisted by Howard White. Burial will be in Rose Hill Cemetery. al at 12:30 p.m. Tuesday. He is survived by throe brothers, "• P.. I. W., and J. T. Duke, nil » Hope, four sisters. Mrs. Fred Gnrrett of Hope, Mrs. D. C. Galloway of Monroe, La,, Mrs. I. W. Webb of St. Joseph, La., Mrs. N. J. Beaslcy of Ncwellton, La. AFL Engineers Strike, Ground East Airline NEW YORK (UP) — AFL flight engineers went on strike against Eastern Airlines at 6 a.m. today, grounding all the line's constella lion and supcrconslcllatlon planes. The 160 flight engineers struck after n breakdown In negotiations for n new wage'agreement. Tun flights in and out of three metropolitan airports had been cancelled at 10 a.m. today and the line said 13 more flights would be affected today if the strike con tinucs. The lino's DC4's and Martin 404 planes do not carry flight engineers and were operating on schedule. Affected were all the line's Con stellation and suporConstellation flights between Laguaridn, Idle wild and Newark airports here and Memphis, St. Louis, Miami, New Orleans, Louisville, Sun Antonio, Brirningham, Houston and Sun Juan, P. R. Petroleum Is made entirely from hydrogen and carbon. ,*»>« — — American Named to UN Organization PARIS, Wl—The United Notions Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization—UNESCO — today named Dr. John W. Taylor of the United States as Us acting director general. Taylor, 46, is on leave from the presidency of the University of Louisville, Ky. COPENHAGEN, Denmark I/PI Christine Jorfionscnn 2(1, nn altrac live blonde, awaited hnpplly today her final release from a Danish hospital where she underwent nor mono treatments awl surgery changing her from a man into n woman. She will return home soon to the Bronx section of Now York City, where she grew up as Geor ge Jorgensen, Jr., son of a cm-pen Icr. ' The change took about two years. During that time, between trips to the hospital, Christine was able to study color photography. She hopes to pursue *lhat profession in the United Stales. '•I'm happy to have become a woman and I thihk many more people who are unhappy as I was before Should follow my exam pie," she told a reporter at Rigs Hospitalet, the Danish stale hospt tal here. Dr. Christian Hamburger, Danish hormone expert who directed tho countless injections his patlonl re coivotl along with surgical opera lions by several loading Danish surgeons, refused to describe Miss Jorgonsen's treatment in detail. He confirmed, however, that her treatment znd her change from man to woman would be completed soon and that she would leave thij hospital then. The boj-lo-filrl transformation was revealed in New York last night In a copyrighted article by the New York Dally News, which said Christine in n letter to her father said the process had taken two years. After serving two years in the Army at Fort Dlx, N. J. Jorgen then received an honorable discharge and enrolled in a New York medical institute to study tho workings of sex glands and hormones the News said. During a U-lp to California, tho youth met a doctor who told him of sex conversion work being done in Denmark and three years ago he went there, ostensibly to study color photography, and put him self In tho hands of Dr. Hambur ger, the W[ews said. " Thfi NeWiT'sald Jorgensen wrote home: 'Nature mode the mistake which I have had corrected and now " am your daughter," She enclosed pictures of herselt in girls' clotl cs—a pretty, very fcmlnc-looklng bolnde. Charles Book Charles "Butch" Beck of Shovor Springs Is attending the National 4-11 Club Congreaa at Chicago this week. Young Bock Is attending as high coring individual member or tho rkansas Dulry Judging team, Ho as six years 4-H Club work with cmonstratlons In. dairy, farm and ome e|ectrie, safety, and pasture lannlng. He. has taken part In lost county 4-11 Club activities, le was county electric winner this SANTA REMINDS YOU! . *tW« we now M rqp, lut iteks will b ' w Local Soldiers Arrive in U, S. SEATTLE t*>— The Navy Trans port Marine Lynx arrived here yes terday with 29 Arkansan* aboard. The ship brought back 8,162 pas sengsirs from the Far East. Listed aboard the ship were: Cpl. Julius J. Johnson, Rosston. Pfc. Andrew P. Scott. McNab. Po rents to Discuss Cub Scouting The second meeting of the parents of cub age boys will not be held tonight as originally scheduled on account of the weather. Parents will be notified by card and children will be notified through the school when the next meeting will be held. BACK ON JOB LONDON, W*—Winston Churchill went back to work today after a 78tb bif(May dinner with bis fam JJy and a-40-pxmod cake ffcf $& 4ougbty Lady Remember Games Are Won in Final Minutes and Leap Year Is Not Over Yet By HAL BOYLE NEW YORK, UP) "Dear Mr. Poor Man's philosopher: "Leap year is almost over, and I haven't been able to land my man. It looks like just another Ions cold lonely winter for me. "What can I do? Help Help! Help! Signed Desperate Maiden" Don't worry, desperate lady. Many a fish is netted just at dusk, many a ball game won by the last one up to bat. This is the time in leap year that separates the real women from the weaklings. Any girl can find some kind of lost male stray to lead to the altar In June. But that is like going out to catch a whale and coming back with a sardine. If your bachelor has managed to stay off the hook this long, the chances are he is tough, canny and durable—something worth really fighting to get. And when you do land him you'll feel all the prouder of ^he game struggle be made to get dway. What you must do now, dear lady, is relax. You still have 31 working days left, so don't be nor vous. Look over the whole problem. What mistakes have you been making? Many big business deals are lost through over-eagerness. Have you been frightening your prospect this way? You can get a squirrel to eat peanuts out of your hand but if you try to grab him he will either bite you of scamper away — or both. Remember, many bachelors are like squirrels. But take heart. Time is fighting on your side. In winter a bachelor's resistance is lowered. He is therefore more susceptible to colds and falling in love. All year long you have probalby been telling him be needs you, but he didn't really believe it What you must do now is to prove that you were right. To do that you must make him helpless. Take him out skiing and get him to break an arm or leg. Do your best to encourage bun to catch pneumonia, too. At the very 1*4* you «M t*ilt flim into ing ho has an ulcer. A girl who can't give a man an ulcer isn't really trying. The main thing is to get him, flat on his back, weak, forlorn, and feeling sorry for himself. If you can also get him to run a fever, all the better. More men propose marriage when they are delirious than under any other condition. Your role Is that of the minister angel. You bring him goodies to eel, pat his pillow into shape, assure him that no man in history ever went through such suffering or endured H more bravely. Let him tell you the sad story of his life and hard times, remind him that Christmas is near, and ask him how he lost his faith in Santa Claus. This will make him cry. Wipe the tears from his eyes and murmur: • "I, too, once knew Santa Claus and lost him. Oh, why must people be lonely apart' In this harsh world? Can't they be lonely together?" Now you both are crying. Put his head on your strong shoulder. He is weak and weary and feeling sentimental. And when a man's sentiment is up, his judgment is down. H is time to land him. Tell him how swell you are doing at your job, and how you simply love to work. Pull out your bank, book and show him how much you have saved, then put the question to him fast: "Honey, do I have to spend all that money on myself? Wouldn't you like to have someone to buy you pretty things and always be there to rush you aspirin tablets when you feel bad?" That's it. If he has any ambl. tion in him at all, he'll ask you on the spot to marry him. , What if he doesn't? Well, if I were you, - desperate lady. I'd pick up a chair and bust his otter tef, and walk out of his life forever. Who wants a slug like him anyway? Chances are that in 1 to 59 you'll find 1 a better man who really appreciate* a good girl who is only trying to help a fellow ftad a fln#f way o4 We, Annual Auction Starts Tonight at City Hall The second annual Lions Club KXAH Radio Auction will be held tonight beginning at 7 p.m. Broadcast pf; the auction will bi from City Hall Auditorium, am the public Is Invited, Bids will bi accepted from, the floor as well a by telephone. Here is the way the auction wll work: A piece of merchandise wil be described. in detail. The ator who donated }t, the, retail price o the item, along with other facts Then bids will be accepted lo phone (or from the auditorium) The highest bidder gets the mei chandise, and it will be dollvcrc tonight. There will be several hundre dollars worth of merchandise to b auctioned, including many level Christmas presents, food, clothlnj toys, etc. It is hoped that the auc tion may be completed in two n hgts, to.night and tomorrow nigh from 7 until 10 p.m. All proceeds derived from th auction will go into a fund to pro vide Christmas packages for un derprivllcged families. The Boar of directors agreed that not ove 15 per cent of the proceeds might be used in the Lion at Club sight conservation project — that is providing glasses for underprlveleged children who need eye care, "Butch," 15 years oC ago, is the on of Mr. and Mrs. Charles Bock. He. Bock has served six years «s •1-H Club leader and directed tho 052 county traclor driving and mintemmco contest, Th<f*; r twenty-five club members nih"toiir leaders traveling to Chi"Mo by Pullman arrived Sunday nornlng. The delegates' address vhlle at Chicago will bo tho Conrad lilton Hotel where most activities vlll be hold. Butch wi|l arrive buck i Hope Saturday afternoon, rotary of Labor IflUuricei) day Urged the CIO t6 n« quick merger; with tn,6 At sent the incoming ftcpumL tlonnl administration with ,i union front. Tobtn sounded the speech prepared for opentl slons ot tho ClO conVont 700 delegates remained t ^. over selecting a successor:].! late CIO President Philip Walter P. Routhcr, president of ,tho million^ CIO United Auto Workers, ' gordud as' having the in for tho CIO presidency backing CIO Executive" Idcnt Allan S. Havwood,'. far from conceding defo'' Tobin said organized' danger of its gains Unite year Democratic regime dermined by the new -It administration. Doirlocrat net member won on to flay, "The past gains ot.the^/L working men nnd Women jeopardy. Their future 1 proire in doubt, This i is »''tlmo'fw>V ranks and present k.,uhi(6d; against labor's enemies,, T il: time, more than any • otHc unity in tho American labor t mcnt," U. S. May Give Miners a Raise, (INS) —*Tno" gov- einment may issue u two-way order today or tomorrow suspending price ceilings on soft coal and approving a $1.00 a day nay hike for 375,000 minors. A solution of tho smoldering bitu mlnous coal Issue appeared Imminent us former Price Boss Ml- chuel V. DlSallc began work today on a two-week survey which may determine the Into of federal price and wage controls. Coincident with DlSallo's arrival Sunday from Dayton, Chip, reports circulated that a compromise plan is under study to relax rostlrctlons on civilian uso of stool. DISallo said ho will attempt to "keep an open mind" In preparing his report to economic stabl- llxor Putnam In tho future status of controls, He Indicated, however, that ho docs not favor their elimination, he said that some prices have fallen, but the consume^, price Index "Is not any lower tffljjn when controls were Imposed." President Truman has been tin- dor considerable pressure In recent wuoks to kill tho wage-price program which was put Into effect Jan. 25, 1051 staff experts of the Office of Price Stabilization rcpor tedly have recommended such ac tion, Discussing his assignment, Salle said he will seek to deter mine "where there has been a slackening of economic pressure that would warrant dropping con troln," He added, significantly; "So far I don't know of any.'* He pointed out that the program was instituted because of the rapid rise in prices which followed the outbreak of the Korean war In June, 1860, .These levels,-be still i Plans All for Arrival of I Santo Claus Plans for'tho arrival? of Sjj Claus and' the Christmas,^ |r wore discussed at the rc»War day morning Merchant's "tittt at tho Hotel BarJowv Mt tho latest' commuhtca'tf Santa's, North Pole h he is due to .arlve^ Jn „ day afternoon, Deeernbc about MO,,,,,,. l)e town Hope and will hand, and gum to tho kiddle*. ' ' —* A ho will,. follow ' tn.fi be announced' Arrangements; a, for a daily telephone c from radio »>tipn a "" i at the North Pole „ to Santa from jocal cl bo road to Wm, 'fhM which ha» boon arrani Retail Merchants, will; cast daily from KXAR m. Two mall-boxes ' downtown (or the dl tors to Santa Claus „,_,, lers will bo picked\tjpl to tho 'broadcast oach'i< Tho Retail Merchants, first, second, and third, the boat decorated hon quests that tho Ch4mb meree bo notified'as s home is decorated, Thi be m first, *" ' ' third. «,,, -„ •

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