The Indiana Progress from Indiana, Pennsylvania on June 17, 1880 · Page 2
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The Indiana Progress from Indiana, Pennsylvania · Page 2

Indiana, Pennsylvania
Issue Date:
Thursday, June 17, 1880
Page 2
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fwttmw <s EDITOK. AND PBOPRIETOR. NDIANA, PA, JUNE 17, isso. Kailroad Peril. A day or two ago while Superintendent Davidson was in his office in Hartford, Conn., busy in the performance of his duties, a girl well up in the teens boldly stalked into the office and demanded a pass. The demand was made in a tone of voice that did not admit the possibility of refusal. "What?" eaid Davidson. "A pass," she replied. "On what ground do you found your claim?" suavely asked the Superintendent. "On what ground?" she queried. "Yes; on what ground?" was the answer. "On the ground that I, went over your road three months ago, and—" "A good many went over the road three months ago, and a good many are going over it now, but they have to pay," interrupted the good-natured railroad official. '•Hear my story, won't you," answered the girl snappishly. "Oh, certainly. Go ahead. "I went over this road three months ago and I paid 83, and it was too much. The Company cheated me, and I want to get a pass to New Haven." "But," expostulated the Superintendent, "I can't give you a pass." "Well, then, how am I going to get to 2sew Haven." "I don't know, I am sure."' "If vou don't give ine a pass I will make trouble"." "There, that'll do. You can go now," said Davidson. "Can I?" (sarcastically). "But I won't, though, until-you give me a pass;" and she stamped her foot savagely. "I'll hand you over to the police, if you don't." "You Trill, will you ? And I'll have this railroad arrested." "Go ahead, and get right out of this office," and the Superintendent arose from bis chair, and the persistent young woman, foiled in her attempt to "dead beat" a passage over the road, scented danger and slid through the open door, breathing threats against the official in particular and the Company in general. As she landed on the sidewalk she turned and shook her fist at the building, remarking, I'll go aad get Policeman Cowles and have this railroad arrested." The warrant hasn't yet been served, thouhg "Sid." is on Asylum street ready to "spot"' anything crooked. • • • What Justinian Said. rhongh tangled bard life's knot may be, And wearily we rue it, Che silent touch of Father Time Some day will nurely undo it. Then, darling wait; Nothing is late In the light that shines forever. Ye faint at heart, a friend is gone ; We chafe at the world's hareh drilling ; We tremble at sorrows on every side, At the myriad n-ays of killing. Yet say we all. If a sparrow fall, The Lord keepeth count forever. He keepetb. count, we come, we go, We speculate, toil and falter < But tbo measure to each of weal or woe, God only can give or alter. He sendetb light. Ho sendetb night, And change goes on forever. Why not take life with cheerful trust, With faith in tha strength of weakness ? ?he slenderest daisy rears its head With courage, yet with meekness. A sunuy face Hath holy, grace, To woo the sun forever. Tor ever ^nd ever, my darling, TOS— Goodness and love are undying ; Only the troubles and cares of earth Are winged from the first for flying. Our way we plow In the furrow "now ;" 5ut after the killing and growing, ihe sheaf ; Soil for the root, but the sun for the leaf, And God keepeth watch forever. Just after we passed through Logansport, an excited man, with a pale face, bristly hair, and green spectacles, rushed up to me and demanded, without waiting for the formality of an introduction: "What does Justinian say?" I said, "Huh?" and lifted my face to his •with a look of sweet surprise. It didn't inelt him a particle. He was just as savage as ever about it. "What do the men of an older civilization say about it?" he cried. "What does JEschylus say?" Then I got mad and began to talk square truth to him. I said: , "Hedoesn't say anything; he's dead." This appeared to amaze him, and he looked s6 shocked that I was sorry I had broken the news to him so abruptly. At last he said, with an accent of incredulity: "When did he die?" "Last Thursday morning," I said, and I never blushed. The fact was, I didn't expect to be cross-questioned on such a simple statement of broad, generally accepted fact, and when he pinned me down to the date, it suddenly occurred to me that I didn't know exactly when the old pagan did die, and I felt as uncomfortably cornered as Jim Anderson, so I lied boldly, broadly and unblushingly. But it was an awful strain on my tender conscience. I wasn't used to it. "Well," the bristly man said, returning to his subject, "what did he say before he died?" I said he didn't say anything to me. And I was prepared to stick to this, for he didn't, and I can prove it. I wasn't there. "Well," the man persisted, "he said something, anyhow, and you know what it was." So I said that I believed when Dr. Virgil was going to cut his leg off, he told him "Dulcyest de quorum. East Peru propatery mortuus est." This seemed to satisfy or disgust him; L couldn't tell which. I guess it only disgusted him, for he went on down the car and I heard him ask the conductor who •wrote the Junius letters, and the conductor said "A dollar and eighty-five cents." Tlie Strasbourg Storks. Before going farther away from Strasbourg we want to take you back for a moment to speak of the storks, for which that city is famous; they are very tame, and make their nests on the chimney-tops. People whose houses are selected by them, as their resort, consider it a great favor and a sign that good luck will attend them. They fly about with their long legs and wings flapping in the ah- in a most awkward way, and look very queerly to us sitting on the tops of those quaint, old houses, on a great bank of stiaw, or walking leisurely along the roof. They are often to be seen in the streets, and they enjoy the full privileges of the market places, as doves do with us. These birds are found in the same way in Holland, anc are seen somewhat at Munich, and should be looked for by all travelers, they are so entirely foreign. »•• Flome time age, it will be remembered Mr. Gladstone and others, basing their opinions on certain passages in Homor and in various ether ancient and more modern authors.concluded that the absence of accurate color terms indicate a want of color perception. But such careful observers as Cohn, Virchow uud Almquist have found that the color senses ia "uncivilized nations is well developed, even though they mayhaye no words to express the different shades Swedish meteorologists have f urnishec material for- unlimited speculation by preparing a catalogue of the auroras se«n during the space of more than three centuries—that is, from 1536 to 1877. The record shows that in the period from 1722 to 1799 auroras were observed en 4,245 nights. BE OP GOOD GSDEER. The Aunt's Will. An old woman, long a sufferer, lay back on the cushions of an invalid's chair, while )efore her stood a young girl, whose face showed signs of sympathy with her sufTer- "Aunt Jane, you're not comfortable." "Who told you I wasn't?" said the little shrivelled old lady, as she fairly glared at aer niece. "I know you're not," said Edith, patiently. "Your chair wants to be raised a little more. Shal II—" "No, you shan't! Go and tell Ann to come here; she shall fix me comfortable." Edith rose to obey, walking out of the room with a perfectly calm face, and her head, was as erect as ever. "Urnph," said Jane, looking i er her, she's a smart one—she knows just what I want. Sometimes 1 think she means what she says—that she really loves me and wants to show It; but bah, what an old fool I am! she has the same smooth, slippery ways of her father. He could work his way into anybody's heart; he did into my poor sister's and afterwards broke it. Edith can do the same—work her way into anybody's heart; but she won't into mine—she won't into mine ! A penny of my money, any more than will keep her from utter starvation, she'll never handle. Ann shall be the fine lady, and Edith will have to rk—work is good enough for her father's daughter," said the old lady, shaking with re. Ann and Edith were orphan nieces of Jane, left to her care by two rasters. Edith's mother, before her marriage, was Jane's favorite sister; but she didn't' marry to suit Jane, and to the latter lady's entire satisfaction, the favorite, but never-to-be- forgiven husband, turned out to be a very aad man. He came to a sudden end himself, after sending liis wife to an early grave, and Aunt Jane took little Edith, to educate and make a lady of her, as her mother was be:ore her, and then to leave her almost penny- ess, and send her adrift on the world to do for herself because she was her father's daughter. "What can I do for you, aunty dear ?" ' 'Don't you see anything that you can do for me?" said irritable Jane. "Don't you see 1 am not com ortable ? The back of mv chair wants raidag. Strange that she iduld see it!" Ann's pretty, wax-doll face wore a very tuimble, grieved expression. "Aunt, my papa was not a sharper. If have not inherited a faculty fcr seeing everything so that I can play my points, 1 can't help it. "There, there, child; I know there is nothing tricky about you. Raise my chair, and then you may go." The very humble, grieved expression died out of Ann's face, and there was a sneer in the smile that flitted over it as see stood behind Jane's chair. Ann mads a great show of affection for her at times, but Edith placed no value upon it, for she knew just what it was worth; she knew that Ann was selfish, deceitful, caring for nobody on earth but her- eeM Poor Edith loved her aunt, and craved her love in return. She never blamed Jane for being prejudiced against her; she only allowed herself to think how good the old lafly had been to her; she felt so grateful for her home and education. "Edith," said Jane, when Edith returned to the room, "I thought you said my chair was too low. I'm very uncomfortable since Ann raised it." And Jane fidgeted about. . "It is raised just a trifle too high," said Edith. "Oh, of course; you think Ann never does anything right," snapped Jane. While aunt Jane was talking, without asking her permission, Edith turned the screw of the chair half way, and placed the hard-to-be-pleased old lady at her ease. " Never a word against Ann, : ' murmured Jane to herself and when Edith was leaving the room, she called: "Edith." Edith turned quickly, for she detected a mildness in her aunt's tone that was never there before when she addressed her. "Nothing; you may go," said Jane, as if she had bravely conquered her better feelings. Ann was standing on the balcony when a splendid pair of horses were drawn up at the gate, and a handsome young man handed Edith out of his wagon. He held her hand longer than he ought to, Ann thought, and the expression of his face, as he bent his head and said something in a low voice to Edith, set Ann's heart beating wildly with jealousy. Ann was in love with Henry Jones, the gentleman who had just now driven away from the gate. Mr. Jones was a gentleman who made very frequent visits of late Ann attributed these frequent visits to herself- but that look oc 3 when he held Edith's hand ju(,t . the happy expresssion on Edith's fc .ere was no mistaking it. ' . "But, "never mir she'll never have him if I can help it^" t.._Jght Ann, as she pre- I pared herself to meet Edith. '•Mrs. Ansou, uo\v I'll give you prcof that what I've been telling you about Ann is true!" cried old Lucy, Jane's housekeeper and adviser, bursting into the room. '• Let me draw your chair over to the window. Lean your head out a little; the girls are talking on the balcony below." "You are a deceitful creature, you are!" It was Ann speaking in angry tones, and Edith listening intently. "You know you are deceiving Henry Jones; you are making him believe that aunt will do handsomely by you; else he never would have proposed to you. Mrs. Homer told me that he dare not take any but a rich wife home to his lady mother." "Ann, I told him that you were aunt's favorite; that when she- died you were to have everything, I nothing. He said that made no difference to him. I told him 1 knew better; that I ku ew a poor wife would stand in the way of his worldly prospects, and it was because I loved him truly that I couldn't marry him. He wouldn't take that for my final answer, and oh, Ann, I fee IBO happy! I never can be anything to him perhaps but it is so nice to have someone love me! Don't grudge me his love, Ann: you ilon't know how I prize it! You have had so much love. Aunt loves—" "Oh, who cares for aunt's love! The old thing is only living to torment me. If she were only dead, and 1 were only mistress here, we would soe who Henry Jones would want to niarry!" "Oh, Ann, how can you speak so of aunt ? I love her, though she will not let me show it, for what she has done for me. How much more ought j-ou to love her! Think how we might have been thrown on the world but for aunt's goodness." '•Oh, that's what you're always preaching, and much thank's aunt gives you for it. I never made any bones of saying she's an old nuisance, and she's going to leave me all her wealth!" A week after the above conversation aunt Jane lay breathing her last. "And you love aunt, don't you dearie ?" "You know I do, aunt. I wish I could be buried with you !" cried Ann, burying her face in her handkerchief. "Of course you. love me—of course you wish you could be buried with me; I know you do !" and Jane's dying eyes fairly glistened. "And you, Edith; what are you standing there so white and silent for? Why don't you make time, like Ann ? Why don't vou tell me you love me ?'' "Oh, if you would only let me, aunt!" Edith moaned. "No, I -won't let you, for I know all about it; but you may come here and kiss me once. 1 ' Edith bent over her aunt; the old withered arms were twisted around her neck, until she thought she was strangled. ° "When I'm gone you'll understand this,' 1 murmured Jane; and with her arms about Edith, she expired. In due time Jane's will was opened, and Ann, who had assumed command 01 the house, had to step down. All that Jane was 'worth, with the exception of a miserable hundred dollars a year for Ann, was left to Edith. Ann's feelings can better be understood than penned. Edith was happy; not in the wretched Ann's downfall, but because her aunt's will removed the barrier between herself and Henry Jones. Swmmer Excursions via Pennsylvania Kailroad. Experimental Farm. The famous English experimental farm of Rothanisted, 1,000 fertile acres in Hert- fordshire, twenty-five miles from London, on the Midland Railway, is Described in an interesting manner by Professor Silliman, who has recently visited it. John Benuet Lawes inherited the property in 1834 — a fine old English estate, with its park of oaks and ancient mansion — and for nearly half a century, in company with Dr. J. H. Gilbert and a large corps of assistants, Mr. Lawes has devoted himself to agricultural chemistry on a large scale. He has aho set apart a fund of £100,000 and a section of land for the continuance of these inves- tigations,af ter he is gone. The purpose is to discover what crops are best for different soils, what fertilizers will best assist their growth, and to experiment on such a scale, both as to area and time, that the fundamental principles of farming may be made as plain and sure as those of any other business. In 1855, Mr. Lawes was presented with a laboratory by public subscription, and there Dr. Gilbert and a considerable staff of assistants have been at work since, superintending experiments, making and applying manures, and analyzing soils and crops. Thirteen acres of wheat have been under experiment in plats for thirty- five years, and grass, oats, potatoes, and other crops nearly as long. The results of this long and careful investigation have established that barn- yard manure can only carry the production of hay to a limit about half the maximum that can be reached with mineral manures alone, which have produced five and a half tons to the acre. On unrnanured land, the farm yields fourteen bushels of wheat to the acre : but with barn-yard manure, the yield has risen to thirtv-five bushels, which is as well as the mineral manures can do, - --- •*«&-«- - How Gold Bricks are Mads. Summer excursions, long or short, are now necessities of American life. All Masses indulge in these relaxations from ousiness during the Summer months. The rich extend the time to months the poor content themselves with a much shorter withdrawal from the store, the inanufactury or the workshop. To foster and encourage this feeling, the various railroads of the country have inaugurated Summer excursions to the sea coast, the mountain top, the shady valley and the quiet rural sections of this great cpuntry. Foremost among the Summer excursions both for variety of location, the cheapness of fare, and abundance of natural scenery, are those gotten up and managed by the Pennsylvania Railroad. All tastes can be gratified by these trips over the stern line of the Pennsylvania Road and its numer- sus branches. Eight hours ride from Philadelphia brings the traveler to Altoona and Cresson Springs, in the Allegheny Mountains, and the famous Bedford Springs are reached by the Pennsylvania Railroad to Huntingdon, and thence by the Huntingdon and Broad Top Railroad to Bedford. Leaving the main line at Harrisburg the route of the traveler leads northward over the Northern Central and Erie Railroads to the mountain resorts of Reno vo and Kane, to Watkins' Glen, and the many pictursque localities in the vicinity of Seneca Lake, all reached from Philadelphia by express trains with luxurious Pallman palace cars. Delaware Water Gap, a most pictursque and delightful retreat from the heat of Summer is reached via Trenton and the Belvidere Division of the Pennsylvania Road, which runs along the Delaware river, and presents a constantly changing panorama of enjoyable views by land and water. By leaving the main line, a hundred other points can be reached, where repose, comfort and health can be abtained by all classes. At the same time all the most popular and attractive sea-side resorts on the Jersey Coast can be readily and pleasantly reached by cars' on the Pennsylvania Railroad. At the depot of the company, in West Philadelphia tourists from inland localities will find cars in waiting to transfer them—at a cost of six cents—to the depot at the foot of Market Street, from which point Cape May, Atlantic City, Beach Haven, and Seaside Park may all be reached within two hours and without change of cars. The traveler continues his journey from the West Philadelphia depot to Sea Girt, Spring Lake, Ocean Grove, and Long Branch, all of which points are also reached in about the same time and without change of cars. In this way a vast extent of country, richly endowed with all natural charms and health giving properties, is opened to the enjoyment of persons of even moderate means. The excursion rates are most moderate, and cover such a period of time as will satisfy even the most exacting, and living accommodations, at ah 1 points, can be obtained in such shapes as to fit all purses. The Summer excursion programme of the Pennsylvania Railroad was never so extended, encircling ansl complete as for the summer of 18SO, and no doubt the travel will be correspondingly enlarged. When a person can enjoy a Summer vacation on the mountain or by the ocean side, almost as cheap as living in the City, or in the inland town, it is folly to tread the pearls of comfort and health under foot. This blessing the Pennsylvania Railroad puts within the reach of all by theirenter- prise and liberality. At four o'clock the furnace lid was raised and the circular tongs lowered by Stephen Militor to grasp the crucible. It was the critical moment, and all eyes eagerly watch the workman. The tongs slip a little; Militor. grips more firmly, crushes them down among the living coals, and the iron band closes like a vice around the iron pot. The iron hook is lowered, grasped the hooks below, and steadily rose the fiery treasure. "Steady," cried Militor, and the crucible, with its precious, bubbling fluid, was raised up and landed on the iron 'platform. The mold was ready, and the seething vessel was gradually worked to it, tipped over, and the moulten mass poured in. When half- fnll the mold cracked like a rifle-shot, but the pouring continued until the last drop was drained from the crucible. In a few minutes the brick was tossed r>n the floor, grasped by the tongs, tumbled into a tank of w'ater, which boiled, hissed and foamed over and around the mammoth brick. Bucket after bucket was poured in, and soon the monster was cooled. Thus was cast the largest gold brick that we are aware of in the world, all from a mine as yet unsurpassed in riches. The brick weighed 8388.96 ounces, valued at $54,202. It is 19x6 inches on the top, 3£ inches deep, representing 885.937o cubic inches of solid metal. The 1-orgie jrisnenes. hrough, but these are a mere handful cornered with the wriggling masses which >res3 on, off into deeper water. At the rap they encounther the open space into he bag, and also the treacherous wings which turn them into its gaping mouth, 'ressed on by overwhelming numbers in he rear, the head ones enter and the last jnes follow, and lo! they aie caught. As soon as they find themselves trapped, they ;o down into the bottom of the bag and try o find aperture large enough to escape. The fisherman haul the] pound, as I said before, by means of puss lines, and bunch he poor things all up in the part of the net or bag nearest to the 'pocket.' * "Of course you don't know what a Docket is," said Captain Frank as he twist- id off a two ounce chew of '±Site Light,' and so, I might as well tell you now. Before the pocket was got up, by some enterprising Yankee, the fish used to be kept in ;ars as much as possible, where many died. L/ike 'nough no vessel would come after tke scup for weeks, and when they did they would load them to the water's edge and then crack on sail for New York. The isherinan had no other disposition to make of the porgies. Cars wouldn't begin to lold them, and thousands upon thousands of cartloads of beautiful scup have .1 seen spread about on the Island. They make a ine but expensive fertilizer. Such a swad of the fish had been carted to New York ;hat year I speak of that there was the worst kind of 'stink' there, and the fishermen lost piles of money. New York's our main Market of course. They ship fish from there all over the United States, and even 'cross the pond.' "Well, the pocket came to our relief. This is nothing more'n a yard made of twine, strung on poles close to the trap. They puss up the trap, and .loisting the fish out of it with a 'bull net' dump them into the pocket, and there they <cep 'em sometimes as late as October. The pockets have made the fisherman Dretty independent though. Now, 'less he ;akes a notion, he won't sell you a scale if the market don't suit him, for you see he can keep 'slong as he is a mind to. They ran a risk in doing this however; sometimes the twine becomes rotten and lets the fish all out, and then again, and oftener, a jealous fisherman draws a sharp knife across a yard or two of the netting, and this, you know, answers the same purpose. Gales" of wind, too, uproot, the poles like the Old Harry. I know a man, Captain Bill Gad Rathbun, he lives down in Noank, in this state, that lost, a few years ago, over §3,000 worth of porgies out ot a pocket in one night by some enemy of his'n slitting the twine. 'Twas a terrible mean trick, and spoilt his season's work. He was a holding the scup for a rise, you see. "Noank and New London smackmen do the heft of the porgie freighting to New York. They either buy the fish right out or else take them on shares. The smacks cany, on an average, twenty tons of ice. They haul alongside the pocket, which is puss'd up. and hist their Jce'out on deck, and then the work of loading begins. Every barrelful of porgies requires a shovel-full of coarsely pounded ice, and the fish are stowed the same as in the vessel's hold. The poor scup wriggle, and slide just like water, and quickly find their level. By the time the craft is filled chock-a-block all the ice is used up, and sail is at once made for market. Fuck s About tlie Snn. "How about the porgies fisheries Captain!" said a reporter to an old piscatorial veteran. "Well I'll tell ye wot I know about the bizness," said the jovial captain, "and 'taint much, I've been fisin' for sixiy years and in fact have been on the water so long that l.simie times fancy I was born with an eel spear in one hand and a crab net in 'tother. These porgies we've got here, this is our third'load this season, cama from the Watch Hill pounds. The fish usually 'strike on' about the 20th of April, they did a bit earlier this year, and I took my first two loads to Fulton Market, New York. The first one or two trips you can get into York pay big, as everbody is crazy for scup, and we get fancy prices. But after the first catch so many craft go there with them that they git up a glut there, the price drops, ye can't sell 'em, and likes not 'less you cover the Health Commissioner's eyes with a good sized greenback, he will order you out of the slip and to the outside of Sandy Hook to dump the tainted fish overboard, and then yer see we lose money. Porgies will keep, well iced, about five days in a vessel's hold in mod'rate weather. "Well, to begi» over, along in the last of April the schools of porgies 'strike on' oa the New England coast' to spawn. Nobody knows where they come from 'ceptin' offshore, and nobody knows where they go to when they leave. We don't see 'em again until the next spring. The first ones are usually taken at Watch Hill and Block Island, and then in a day or two the fellers down in Seconnett and Nimpshy begin to rope 'em. Some times they don't come very plenty, and then agin' the water is lined with 'em. The fishing for them is done principally by the people along the shore, who own the pounds, although once in a while you will find a fishing smack that owns an interest in one of the traps. "Ye know what a pound is. don't ye?" Upon being assured by the writer, that he did not, Captain King continued, "well, a pound consists of a line of heavy poles, young trees almost, driven directly off shore sometimes a half mile and sometimes more. When they have been extended far enough a kind of a circle within a circle of poles is driven on the ends of the string. This is gen'ly say 200 feet across. Now go back to the shore an' put on yonr 'leader' which is generally an inch mash' net. Twine we call it. The leader reaches nearly to the bottom from the surface of the water and runs off to the circles of poles which is the trap proper. Twine (netting) is strung on these poles, and forms a deep bag capable of being ptissed (pursed) up, in any portion of it. The bag where the leader enters it is left open on either side, and a multitude} ol wings of twine keep any fish 'from getting out if he once gets into it. Yer see ther porgies at this time of the year are sculling along the shore. By and by they strike the leader, and it puzzles them. They swim •away from it, but as this is the contrary direction in which instinct teaches them should go, they .turn back. Then they attempt to get around it in shore, but here the water shoalens up too rapidly, and. at length the whole schools darts off shore to get past the obstruction. Oocsionally a rent in the leader suffers many of themj; to pass The sun is 320,000 times as large as this :arth.' The sun is 400 times as far off as the moon. A lady who weighs 100 pounds here would weigh 2,700 pounds if on the surface of the sun. The heat given off by the sun would melt 287,200,000 cubic miles of ice every second. The diameter of the earth Dears the same relation to its distance from the sun, as the jreadth of a hair to 125 feet. A railroad train traveling without stops at the rate of forty miles an hour, would get to the sun in 203 years. The sun is believed to become some 200 feet smaller every year. This contraction would be sufficient to generate the enormous quantity of heat which it radiates. Another theory is that comets and ma- teoric matter falling into the sun may be its aliment to offset the tremendous loss which combustion certainly involves. It would require the combustion of thirty feet of coal over the entire suface of the sun every second to generate the same heat. The nearest star is 250,000 times as far off as the sun. It takes light eight minutes to como from the sun, but it must ha,ve required 50,000 years to come from the farthest visible stars. When the eleven-year storms on the sun occur, the magnetic needle on the earth is variable and sometimes considerably deflected. The earth is flying around the sun at the rate of 1,000 miles a minute. The sun and all the stars are moved through space, accompanied by their planetary systems, at the rate varying from 20 to 200 miles a second. ' Some cjf the sun spots (craters) are 100,000 miles in diameter, and one of them would easily swallow up the whole of the planets, Jupiter himself only making a mouthful. Maecller's curious and brilliant speculation is that the star Alcyone Is the centra sun of our universe, and that our sun anc the visible stars are swinging around it in orbits measured by millions of years. Something Frisky. "Got something frisky ?" he asked, as he walked into the stable and called for a saddle horse, '•something that will prance around lively, and wake a fellow out of his lethargy. I used to ride the trick mule in a circus, and I reckon I can back anything that wears hair." They brought him out a calico-colgred beast with a vicious eye, and he mounted it. Before he had gone t,wo blocks the animal bucked, crashec through a high board fence and plunged into a cellar, tossing his rider over the top of an adjacent woodshed and landing him on the ragged edge of a lawn-mower. They bore him home, straightened him out and three surgeons called in and reducec his dislocations and plastered him up with raw beef. A few weeks later he called at the stable and said if they had a gentle saw-horse with an affectionate disposition, a bridle with a curb-bit and martingales, and a saddle with two horns and a crupper to it, he believed he would go up in the haymow and gallop around a little, where it was soft, and it wouldn't hurt him if he went to sleep and fell off, as he did the other day. BRIEFS. —San Franciseo is opening up a large msiness by shipping live stock to the Sandwich "islands. —The total product ot precious metals on the Pacific coast since 134S. is stated at 2,138,001,136. —'Ihe German Empire lias 21 universities, with 1,250 professorj, and more than 17,000 students. —Moodv and Sankey are to pay for he education of twelve Creek Indian iris at the Northfield Seminary. —Edward S. Stokes and the widow of James Fisk, Jr., chanced to sit at the same table in an Atlantic City hotel. —The rails used by companies within a radius of six miles from Charing Cross, London, would form a single me of 750 miles. —In Lord Liverpool's cabinet, in 1819, eight of r-he eleven members sat n the House o( ^.ords, and all but two iad the title ot x,ord. —A. G. Burgess of East New York las produced a new seedling which he calls Wistarea Giyantea. It bears much lowers than the old sort. The task of transforming Rome into a modern eity has proved a very co&tly affair, and the undertaking is now at a. halt from lack of further lunds. —California's production of gold for ihe month of July, 1879, wa*$ 678,100 In Nevada the production wus, for the same month, gold $331,100, silver $420,SOO. —The Edison Company has obtained from the French Government permission to establish telephone communication between the various quarters of Paris. ' —The trustees of the Rev. J. H. Hartley's church, in Cincinnati, have asked him to resign, on account of his iiabit of borrowing money and never paying 1 . —During the last ten years 2-33 miles of street car rails have been laid in England and Wales, at a cost of nearly §15.)00,000, exclusive of the outlay on horses, engines and rars. —About ten cents' worth of damage was done to a fence by a boy wich a knife, at Galosourg, 111. The owner maimed the boy for lite by kicking him, and had to pay $12,000. —The increase ot specie in the National banks from October I,- 1878—the return next proceeding specie payments—to Febiuary 21, 1880, the lust full report, was $67,750,000. —The Governor-General, Princess and suite will leave Ottawa for Quebec. They will spend some time ttsh- ing on the Sagueuey, but the summer programme is yet to be •'leclded upon. —A shirt contains about sixty yards of machine stitching and thirty yards of basting, and for this work i^d. is paid. A lady worked for a week for (id., working on an average five hours a day. —A recent official return of the national debt of Great Britain puts the exact figures on the 1st of April last at £778,078,850 ($3,890,394,200). In 1878-9,. £803,126, was paid off and £6,588,123 added. —Since'Tebfuafy the sale of one cent stamps at the city post-office in Washington has increasee from 90,000 a, month to 300,000 a month—showing that much printed matter. is being mailed. —Othnial Gager has been clerk of Norwich, Conn., for forty years. He has filled eighty-eight volumes of 731 pages each, or 64,328 pages in all, and a neater set of books, it is said, has been seldom seen. —It is calculated that 30,000 passen gers will sail .for Europe this season. Allowing an expenditure of only $500 to each person, which is very low, we have a total of $15,000,000 that will be sent out of the country. Dr. Peck of Indianapolis has amputated the legs of a young girl on account of decay in the bones, produced by excessive rope jumping. He 'advises parents and teachers to prohibit this play under all circumstances. —Five generations are living under one roof in Rehresburg, Berks county; George Staudt, aged 87 years; his son George, over 60 years; George's daughter Mrs. Susanna Himmelnerger, and her daughter, Mrs. Alice Brobst and. child. —Train agents on the Chicago and Northwestern Railroad are required by a new set of regulations to keep clean, act decently, talk in a low t»ne, not work the cars more than once in thirty miles, and never throw books in a passenger's lap. ' —Of all the nations liviag under the scepter of the Czar the Jews are the best educated.. The proportion of Jews in Russia is one-Jew to every twenty Russians; while in the colleges the proportion of students is one Jewish scholar to every six Russians. —The electric light will be again used at the French Salon this season,, although the jury of painting protest strongly against £his mode of lighting as too unequal and glaring, injurinsr almost invariably the effect of painting and not improving that of sculpture. —Three large personalities have recently paid probate duty in England— the Dean of York's personal property, $2,500,000; Mr. Julius Beer's. $2,000,000, and the late Duke ot Portland's, $7,500,000, in addition to his vast landed estates In and out of the metropolis. —Naturalists who have been exploring Borneo assert that In the stems of certain plants found there are galleries tunnelled by a specie of ant, and that the presence of the ant is essential -to existence o/ the plants, for unlesa at- taked by the insects when young the plants soon die. —"The Temple of Glory of Russia" is the name of the building which it is proposed to erect in St. Petersburg, on Yasllievsky Island, just opposite the Winter Palace. The form ot the building will be similar to that of the crown of Vladimir 31onomach, a brave prince of the eleventh century, and the internal arrangements are to represent the history of Russia. —The Comptroller of the Currency reports the total number of national banks organized since November, 1879, at forty, with a capital of $5,312,070. Total number of banks gone into voluntary liquidation m the same period, nine, with a capital of $1,300,000. No banks have failed during ihe last nmo months. Currenoy outstandinz* $362,077,542.33. TV,

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