The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on December 1, 1943 · Page 1
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 1

Bakersfield, California
Issue Date:
Wednesday, December 1, 1943
Page 1
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YANK BOUGAI .,-• Temperature* High yesterday. ~ Low today. _—. 48 - Baintall Season (airport) __^__ .14 Year ago (airport) , .45 Season (Land Company).....— .55 Year ago (Land Company)— .76 Forecnut Fair today. Clear and cool tonight and Thursday with heavy frost In the morning. EDITION Vol.56 TWO SECTIONS BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIA, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER I, 1943 14 PAGES No. 105 LUES DEMAND UNCONDITIONAL ENDER JAPAN AT MEET [Dropped on Soups . END BUYING REINS.ON GRAPEFRUIT JUICE, CANNED SAUERKRAUT WASHINGTON, Dec. 1. (/P) i'ou'll be able to get more )eef for your ration points ind grapefruit juice, canned auerkraut and ready-to-serve ".bups Without any points, beginning Sunday. This good news for housewives came from the Office of ' Pi-ice Administration today. ^Nt^if^ .;• •bows\'uie' greatest number of point eductions made at one tithe since he start of rationing. There are 15.''• Along with grapefruit juice, ither citrus juices were given a zero noint rating. " . ' Reduced in rationing value from £ ne to 10 points were green and vaxed beans, soy beans, all varieties f canned dry beans, including pork nd beans, carrots, spinach, dry ••ozen beans and certain other frozen Yults and vegetables. The entire list of rationed beef ems, from hamburger to porter- ouse steak, was cut one to three Mnts a. pound. Three processed food items were 'Used in point value. These are jmato soup and the two tomato "sauces—those sold individually arid with cheese in combination packages. One new item, mixed dried fruits, as added to the list of rationed oods at a value of four points a ound. Probe Figures or A said the new processed food ''idjustmehts follow an examination ,C the latest figures on consumer uying trends during November. The nal production figures for some immoditles and better estimates for hers, and expected increases in vilian supplies of some canned ods that will result in release <;f oclcs by the War Food Administra- Reduction for canned and bottled |.«-!getables include a cut for green waxed beans from 8 to 5 points ,r a number two can; carrots from to 5 points, spinach from 19 to 12 oints, and baked beans from 11 . 10. / - ' , It was pointed out that while sup- ples of veal, lamb and mutton also •e expected to'continue fairly good urlng December, the point value of ;iese meats was cut substantially r November and few decreases are issible this month. \ Two-Point Slash > Several of the choicer pork cuts ' etaln the two-ppint reduction made 'iu' days ago. 'Some adjustments made, however, on other items, jpplies 'of which are insufficient >' -warrant continuation of the two- Jj'.int reduction. All hams and most bacon cuts are ,, Continued on Pace Two Index to Advertisers . Page [ Vbrams, Dr v R. ?..... -------- ........... 4 1 vrvin Theater .... ....................... —.11 .- Jakersfield's Newest Book Store 4 ! Booth's „. ......... ......:...«. ------ - ............. 11 (Crock's !.: .............. .......... ............... -. 2 litizens Laundry --------- ..- ............ .10 I loffee, Harry ............ . ..................... 2 ( iulliton, John W ....... . ................... 10 Side Cleaners ......... - ............. 2 . : ;-A; /M;...::..;.-...., ................... — 6 , r Federal •..-...-. ..................... — ........ — 3 Firestone Stores ...: ......... ....... ........ 3 Flickinger-Dlgier .......................... 13 Fox Theaters ............. . — ....... — ,.11 Granada Theater .................. .. ....... 11 Ivers JFurniture . .............. ----------- 4 ^ck arid Jill Shop — .......... ------- 10 Vttrpe. E. F.... ................................. 4 .im, T ...... ~... .............................. -..10 . liller's i Spic and Span Market.. 3 r.ilontgomery Ward ......... ,. ...... — 5 Kthi Boiling Co ................ -------- 10 pan-American Bazaar ------- , ------ 4 IHSic £!o -------------------- 4 > Theater ------------- , --------- 11 Theater „._., — : — . ----- ....... 11 Itoe, Tow- 8~r.~. ------------------ 6 ., ----- 10 . ______ , ____ 6 — 9, W 11 bedaker. A. E ' i 'Cemetery heater t Due as OPA Slashes Points on Beef 4 F.D.R.,Churchill Pledge to Back China; Chiefs Speed to Iran for Stalin Meeting President Roosevelt Prime Minister Churchill Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek REPORT NEW YMLDINGS TO CRUSH SOLOMONS NIPS WASHINGTON, Dec. 1. (JP>— American forces suffered 3772 cas- ' ualties in landing operations on the Gilbert islands, the navy said • today in a communique. Preliminary reports indicated 1092 men were, killed and 2680 wounded. At Tarawa, where United States Marine l6sses were described as the heaviest in any operation in. the Pacific, 1026 were reported killed in action and 2557 wounded. By Associated Preus Possibility of an American pincers maneuver to crush Japanese resistance on Japan's last major holding in the Solomons was seen today in a Tokyo, announcement of new landings by United States forces on Bougainville island. The Tokyo radio said invading troops came ashore in six large landing barges at Cape Torokiua under cover of a bombardment by cruisers and destroyers. It claimed Japanese defenses had "annihilated two companies" of the landing units. Whether it was the same landings which Admiral William F. Halsey, Jr., commander of south Pacific forces, announced November 27 could not be determined in the absence of any word from allied sources. The possible new thrust in the Solomons came as Australians captured Bonga to deprive the Japanese of still another hold on the Huon peninsula of New Guinea, and the Chinese indicated a general improvement in the battle for the "rice bowl" city of Changteh in northern Hunan province. Allied air activity continued along the widespread Pacific front, while allied light warships, probably destroyers, ventured north of Vitiaz strait for the first time to bombard the Sio harbor area on the northeastern New Guinea coast. The Tokyo radio reported more than 10 allied bombers and fighters raided Hong Kong today. LEADERS MEETING HERE?—This luxurious summer palace of the Shah of Iran, in the mountains seven miles north of the capital, Teheran, may be the meeting place of President Roosevelt,.Prime Minister Churchill, Russia's Premier Josef Stalin and possibly China's Generalissimo Chiang-Kai-shek as they lay plans for momentous new war moves against axis. FLASHES REOPEN PRISON CAMPS FOLSOM PRISON, Dec. 1. U7.R) The California board of prison directors, still debating disposition of the case of Clyde I. Plummer, suspended warden, today announced that prison farm and harvest camps from Chino and San Quentin prisons probably will be reopened, with Folsom camps to be permanently closed. PAIR ARRAIGNED LOS ANGELES, Dec. 1. UP)— Manuel Berkowitz, 40, and John Kully, 43, were arraigned on 24 counts of grand theft in Superior Court today as the result of asserted fraudulent. land sales and oil deals totaling $25,000 in Tulare and Kern counties. Kully pleaded guilty to two of the charges and was ordered to appear for a probation hearing December 16. BerkowitK pleaded innocent and his trial was set for January 14. Reveal Seabees Built Isle Airstrip as Japs Battled By FRED HAMPSON WITH UNITED STATES FORCES ON BOUGAINVILLE, Dec. 1. OR— Navy Seabees added to the glory of Solomon island construction miracles by laying down a Bougainville fighter airstrip right~\under the noses of the Japanese on Empress Augusta bay. The Seabees went to work with survey .crews November 3, just three days after invasion forces lanBed, and broke ground. November 6 with Japanese only a, few hundred feet away. They not only had to dodge enemy fire but work in swampy ground ia well in throwing back the jungle and fabricating the sand and steel mat carpet for our airplanes, . "I don't know how the boys do it but they do," said the Seabees leader, Commander Austin Brockenbrough, Jr., ol Richmond; Va. "Their morale ia \terriflc. They refer to themselves as the best d—n outfit in the world and I agree with I them." T ' • ;, . This, he said, Is what the construction battalion had to contend with: Insufficient coral, almost daily bombing alerts and freo^uent bombings and shelling of'the soft, .boggy ground; extreme difficulty in making roads to carry heavy equipment', necessity of building a.drainage ditch entirely around the field which actu- .ally is an island now, and constant threat from dud bombs in the' undersurface. . - ' The Seabees worked every daylight hour and often in,to the night. They got little sleep because of night artillery fire directed at the field and bivouac areas. But they finished the job. At one time, bomb disposal people marked off an area containing a bomb and Seabees continued to work around it while the explosive was being dug out. Another time the Seabees were clearing ground that had not yet been Included in the American lines, Gripsholm Arrives at N.Y.Pier EXCHANGE VESSEL READY TO DOCK WITH 1500 REPATRIATED AMERICANS The diplomatic exchange ship Gripsholm, with several former Kern county residents aboard, arrived at her New York pier today, bringing safely home nearly 1500 Americans interned by the Japanese for nearly two years of war. Relatives of Bakersfield persons on the exchange ship are Mansel B. Hoffman, who had charge of customs collecting for the Chinese government, brother of K. G. Hoffman, manager of the Kern County Chamber of Commerce; Dr. Claude A. Buss, formerly executive assistant to the United States commissioner in the Philippines, brother of Dr. William C. Buss, chief assistant county health officer; Miss Margaret Wyne, teacher in China, sister of Miss Eveleyn Wyne, local teacher; and Miss Bena Bartel, teacher, and Miss Emma Bartel, nurse, sisters of Miss Marie Bartel, clinic supervisor at Kern General Hospital. The 18,000-ton liner, which anchored fcr the night off Ambrose Light in lower New York bay, proceeded cautiously up the harbor and arrived oft the pier at 9:40 a. m. (E. W. T.). The actual docking was expected to take about a half hour longer, and several hours might pass before the first passengers depart. As the ship turned around in the harbor mist, the passengers were obscured from the view of anxious officials, Red Cross workers who handled the arrangements for passengers and customs and immigration officials. The ship carried 1223 United States nationals, 217 Canadians and some Latin-Americans, A naval public relations officer^ said that the Canadians were passing through the port through joint arrangements with Canadian authorities and would be moved directly from the pier to waiting trains. NAZIS STIFFEN RUSSIAJNES GERMANS TRY TO RESTORE SHATTERED DNIEPER HOLD MOSCOW, Dec. 1. (&)— German forces, struggling to restore their shattered Dnieper river lines, have intensified their counter-attacks in the Ukraine and have stiffened their resistance in White Russia, advices from the front indicated today. By capturing Korosten, which the Red Army evacuated Tuesday under orders to adopt a more favorable line of defense, the Germans scored their second major success in tho Ukraine since they began their heavy coun terattacks early in November. Despite the German reoccupatlon of the strategic railway junctions of Zhitomir and Korosten, the import ant lateral railway line connecting Leningrad and Odessa still is cut at Ovruch and Yelsk, both firmly in Russian 'hands. In the north, the Germans fought back fiercely on both banks ot the Dnieper south of Zhlobln, attempting to maintain a bridgehead in the Go "mel region, but except for the IOKB Of . Korosten, the Red Army continued its gradual progress on all sectors along the 600-mile front. Japs Deny Sinking Ally Hospital Ship By AssiK'lultd Proas The Tokyo radio, in a broadcast recorded by the Associated Press, said today that Sadao Iguchi, spokesman for the Japanese board of Information, has denied that a Japanese submarine sank the Australian hospital ship Centaur on May 6, 1943, and that the. Tokyo govern ment has rejected an Australian pro- teat over the incident. .. At the same^ time Iguchi said the Japanese government had lodged a second protest with the United States, Great Britain and Australia for alleged attacks by allied submarines and aircraft on 10 Japanese hospital Bhips during the past two years. ' UNITED NATIONS HEADS ACCOMPANIED BY MILITARY, NAVAL, AIR FORCE ADVISERS; MME. CHIANG FLIES WITH HUSBAND TO ATTEND CONFERENCE; MOUNTBATTEN, STILWELL, CHENNAULT, MILITARY COMMANDERS PRESENT Dispatches received In Lisbon from (ho Middle Kast today wild President Roosevelt. Prime Minister Churchill and Premier Josef Stalin huve opened a momentous conference In Teheran, Iran, and that Gen- oralissimo and Mine. Chiang Kai-shek also were in the Iranian capital. Tho Lisbon daily Oseculo pub- llshed a dispatch quoting tho inter-Information agency of Ankara that the "big three" leaders were meeting in Teheran whore they had been joined by Laurence Steinhardt, United States ambassador to Turkey. It gave no indication as to whether Chiang would participate. I5y 1IKNKY T. GORKKfJ., linilpd rre»» Staff fjorrcspoiidi'tit CAIRO, Thursday, Dec. 2.— President Roosevelt, Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek have completed a momentous five-day conference at which they agreed on plaus. to iYiree unconditional surrender upon Japan and stop -her at. me vast territorial empire acquired in the hist three decades. The historic meeting was announced today after the big three of the United Mates, Great Britain and China had departed for undisclosed destinations. _ ' "The three great allies expressed their resolve to bring unrelenting pressure against ir brutal enemies by sea, land and air," said a communique heralding a future offensive --------- *to heal the Japanese to their knees, Observers believe the conference* presaged imminent, closely co-ordinated drives designed to divide the Japanese fleet and shatter the shaky supply lines which maintain the outposts of the enemy empire. The President, the British prime minister and the generalissimo opened their meeting— the first Mr. Roosevelt and Churchill have held with Chiang—on November 22. They were flanked by the top men of the American, British and Chinese armed forces. For live days the galaxy of allied chieftains lived and their ALLIES SIEP 3ITALYJILES BRITISH ROAR ON AS , ALLY AIRMEN CLEAR SKY By WES GALLAGHER ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN ALGIERS, Dec. 1. (JP)— The British Eighth Army slashed forward beyond captured Sangro ridge with the heaviest air support of the Italian campaign, allied headquarters announced today, and marked up advances all worked in a "military perimeter" ringed with barbed wire, complete with air-raid shelters, slit trenches, nntl-alrcraft batteries nud lire watchers. Make Announcement When Mr. Roosevelt, Churchill nnd diking were safely on their way, the announcement of the historic war council set forth the objectives of the allies: i— .1 i- r 1 i •> ,!!«„ jccnvcs or uic nines. along the line ot 1 to J miles ,. ]t is thoh . puriK) se that Japan In fierce haml-to-hanil lighting. (The Algiers radio said the Eighth Army had captured Lanciano, 0 miles beyond the Sangro and only about 18 miles from Pcscara. (Custel Frentnno and Casoll, the latter at the southwestern end of Sangro ridge, also were captured, the Algiers station said in a broadcast heard by Reuters.) In the central sector American troops of the Fifth Army dashed forward 3 miles west of MonUiqulla through dense mine fields nnd great twisted masses of barbed wire. It was the first time in the Mediterranean warfare that barbed wire had been used KO extensively by the Germans in the manner of the First World War. "It 'is apparent that the Germans are not overlooking any trick, old or new," a military commentator said. Liberator Raid Liberators of the Fifteenth All- Force swung into action in a raid to the northern tip of the Adriatic which hit Flume itt, first aerial blow of the war. The strategic port, captured by the Germans from Yugoslav Partisans in a violent battle soon after the Italian armistice, has been transformed by Marshal Erwl i Rommel into one of his most important bases for Balkan opera- tipntj. British warships in the Adriatic also blaated German positions supporting General Bernard L. Montgomery's advance. The Fifth Army, meanwhile, also lunged forward in several areas. Near Laneiaiio (Tho London radio, in a broadcast recorded by Unltert States government monitors, .quoted reports from the Italian front today as saying that the British Eighth Army was within 2 miles of Lanciano, an important German defense center about 18 miles southeast of the Adriatic port of Pescara.) United States troops o£Lieutenant- General Mark W. Clark's Fifth Army pushed ahead 3 miles west of Montagulla to gain more high ground on the hill-ribbed central front. . The advance of General Sir Bernard L. Montgomery's warriors was made with the support of the Brit* ish destroyers QullUan and Loyal, shall be stripped of all the iHlandH In the Pacific which she has seized or occupied Binco tho beginning of tho first World War In 1914, and that all the territories Japan has Htolen from the Chinese, Formosa find such as Manchuria, the Pescadores, xhall — ----be restored to tho Republic of China. "Japan will also be expelled from all other territories which she has taken by violence arid greed. The aforesaid three great povern, mindful of the enslavement of the people of Korea, arc determined ihnt in due course Korea Rhall become free and Independent." Map Jap Defeat To achieve those enda, tl"-> A-B-C combination mapped the ways and means of defeating- Japan. Mr. Roosevelt .ind Churchill promised Chiang to throw into tho war against Japan all their resources consistent with their determination to defeat Germany as soon as possible. Though 111, Mme. Chiang Kai-shek flew thousands at nille.s to attend the conference with her husband. Despite the strain of the trip and a vigorous schedule during thfti, meetings, phe was reported "much better" when she departed than when she arrived. The list of participants in the Intense round of conferences, consultations, luncheons and dinners comprised a military who's who oC the United ' States, Britain and China, with such notable exceptions as General Douglas Mac-Arthur and Admiral Chester W. Kiinitz, who already are directing offensives against Japan. Prominent among them was Admiral Lord Louis Mpuntbatten, appointed allied commander in southeast Asia. Talent Abundant . Diplomatic aa well as military talent was abundant. W. Averell Harriman and Sir Archibald Clark Kerr, American and military ambassadors to Russia, came to Africa for the meeting. So did Ambassador Joha G. Winant and Foreign Secretary Anthony Kden, who were among the JLondon delegation. After the three-power meeting, Continued cm Page Two "BIG THREE" SCHEME FOR DEFEAT OF NAZIS By .MERRIAM SMITH United Fcoss Sta££ Correspondent WASHINGTON. Dec. 1. (UPJ— Next official word on important allied military conferences undoubtedly will involve President Roosevelt, Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet Premier Josef Stalin in a meeting to develop;plans for the final defeat of Germany by- co-ordinated attacks from west, east and south. With tho United States-British- Chinese conference on Pacific strategy out of the way, Mr. Koosevelt and Churchill have left Cairo for a new rendezvous and continued conferences. This was learned officially, along with the fact that there will ba future communiques. Lisbon and other dispatches reported that Mr. Rooaevelt and Churchill already were at Teheran, Iran, near the Russian border, and had begun their long-sought and ContlnuuJ on Page Two First News of Historic Cairo Talks This edition of The Californian brings the first authentic news of the mo- inentous conference of the four allied leaders in the Middle East, It is the first definite word of what was accomplished at the meeting at Cairo between President Roosevelt, Prime Minister Churchill and Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek, In line with its policy to bring to its readers the first authentic news of world events, The Californian ha* held its final edition until 4:30 p. m., the release date^j set by Washington officials \ : ^1 for the historic ne\ys» of the ." ^ Cairo conference. ' * it- //.'' i'*i - U >< 5lV ?,,A

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