Page 7 article text (OCR)
R R. R. The most certiiln and Baft' Remedy in the world that instantly stops the most excruciating pains. It Is truly the great CONQUEROR OP PAIN and has done more good than any ftnowu rouiedy. FOR SPRAINS. BRUISES, BACKACHE. PAIN IN THE CHEST OR 811) K, HEADACHE, TOOTHACHE, OR ANY OTHER EXTERNAL PAIN, a few applications rubbed on by the band aot like magic causing the pain to instantly atop. CURES AND PREVENTS, Colds, Coughs, Sore Throat, Inflammation, Bronchitis Pneumonia, Asthma, Difficult Breathing, Influenza, •hfumHthm, »ur»lxl«. ScUllca. Lumbago. Sm'llln* of th« Joint*, I'nlnn In lliu-k, Chr*t or IJnilis. The application of the READY HKUKF to the part or parts where dinicolty or vnln r.-dsts will tfToM «uw uiiil conifer:. ALL INTERNAL PAINS. PAINS IN BOWELS or STOMACH, CRAMPS, SOUR STOMACH, NAUSEA VOMITING, HEARTBURN, NERVOUSNESS, SLK EPL ESS- NESS, SICK HKADACHK, DIAR- RHCEA, COLIC, FLATULENCY, FAINTINH SPELLS are relieved _in- stautly anil quickly cured by taking Interuully H. half to a teaspoonful of Ready Relief in half teaspoouful of water, MALARIA. Chills and Fever, Fever and Ague Conquered. Thorp Is not n remedial «t;ent In the world that •111 cnre Fever und Agwitnd Hll ottwr Mularluos, Billons, and other Fevom, aided by Railway's Pills, so qnluklr HS Rndwuj's Kwuly Relief. Price 50c per bottle. Sold by druggists. DADWAY'S A PILLS, for Hit ore of ill dl«oril«rii of th» STOS- ACH, LIVEB. BOWKLS, KlDJiKYS, DLAUnKU, MtBVOlS DISEASES, HEADACHE, COJiSTII'A- TIOH COStlVENKSH, 1NDI8KST10N, DYSfKP- IA, BIUOI/SXE88. FEVKB, 1NFLAMMATWS OF THE BOWELS, PILES, »»d ill derwite- Mtiti of Ik* InUriul Vl»cer», Purely TtRcUble o»Ul»ln» 00 mercury, nUertU or DELETE- BlOtS DKTJOH. Price 36 c«nM per bo*. Sola by all Drool"*- BADWiY * CO , 3» Worren St., N. Y. Or-Be «ore and Mk for BADWAY'S. Catarrh COLD IN THE HEAD rillitid InitiMlj b» »n» «ppllc»tlon ol Blnw't Catarrh Powder PAWNBROKERS' SHOPS. Sv. F..THKH CUHKK, *c'y U> the Bl. Kcv. Bi»bop ..ntlMj. «o IM 1 «»n '"• held is 'null'! '".n, my „, „ ne.. BirncyCatarrhal Powder Co. I M -VSOSIO TKMIT-K. CHICAGO. - Sow'ercrinUc.rel.1 s or ,llrn-t Dy us. Sold by R K. KpM5lln«. J. I; llnnson and r, Loxiinspurt. Iml. WANTED NY LADY, wl.ii.lni; tu nuikii $-K r»'r wpfk miietly ftt 1i»r own lionii'. mMn-ss wii i «nu ( J .mi""!"-. Mlw I.Lrtlle 11. I.i«im. .loh.'t, I 1 Tht oT..rlsbi'»alKl» itnaitwlll w you to investlgale If ?»o can. span- otiljtKu Hours 'i da?. KN to tiiiJi- orders In evi-ry town iiml tltr; no d,.|lvprnic: «<»»! WJIK--.S from stiirr; I.M.T wi'kly: no ciiult.'il i>-M"li-"l: «»rK jt">r roiiml. .-tiite *KH. Ci.K.N UltuA, Itnclii-sltir, N. V $ -r ii A A WKKK piildluliUilKSiirulKi'iitste i .).\)\) s.-il tin- Hiipld I>l»ti WaMi,T. \Viis1i- e» ami drM tlieni In two nilniitt-s mtlunit wKt/ov- th« hiit»l». No ejiwrlciiee iirej-ssiirv; sells iit sluht: p.Tinaiifiit iw.tlrlcn, Addtws W. P. llctf- rlSon A C.j., WITH No. 14, aoiiimbos^ (Jhlo. __ SALESMEN 'Vi,r PAID WKKKLY. I'K , ; msmo.Nstoiioon MKN. SPNCIAI, ISDI; .h- MKNTS TO HKdINNKIW. KXCI.HSIVH TKK- B1TOKY (ilVEN IK UKslHKD. Wrltn iit onw for terms to The Hawks Nursery Co , Rocties er, N. Y. 1ANTAL-MIDY Tlieso-tlny Capsules arosupertoi I to Balsam el Copaiba,/ ICubcbs and Injections. I They euro la 48 bourn tho IBADIO dlaeoscs irlthout nil Ireulenca 80LDBYALLCM They Aro Very Numerous In tho National Capital Rl«np|)<>lntc(l Otll™-S<-cU<TH Aru IhP IK'fl Clli'iitn (if "Your |1ii<!U'"."llnw thi« Illisl- PinvtibmkiTs in thts city mnko u f.Ti'iit ilcul nf nioin-y. '1'hry fn-t. ricli riipiillyiiiiil ivtiro from luishn-ss. Con- scquor.tly there itivini old ustiililislioil linns of li'^rali/.cd fiv-rljnuti-rs lu!iv. Tills i;ilv I'"" :l llniitin^T l'"l >ulutio " which cuii bo HIct'iHHl unto nothiiiK 1 •upon tin: iMiaitioi.it KIVO tho popuhv- tion of ;i Mississippi river town forty rears u^ro, \vhon our nativo-borii iiml importnl yuoniiinry wi-ro following tho st:ir of. empire \vostwaiil. As an fxnmplo of that porioil it niuy be suid thut Ki-olcuk, tluin culU'd the lisituCity of I own, luulnlloivtiiiK'popnliitioiiof.W,- (K)0 pwm'.c 1 . rii-arly all <if them urrivinp and ili'p:irtiii(r daily in tin: oanvus-eov- i-ri:d wiif.'i'iisualli'd "prairie soliooncrs." 'J'lu: floating [K)j>ii!;Hi<»i nf toivns tliun in thi.- Midway i'hi isancu of tho conti- iHjnt ooiisistod almost wliolly of honest people seeking homos beyond or beneath the western huri/.on. Tin- llotitiiiK 1 popiiliitioii of Wush'niir- ton consists mainly of fjvnteel and re- spoctal.le sidvonliivors who imairini- that t!icy:iro seukinjr their fortunes, but who'are really seeking fedora 1 offices. They lirin;; with them inonoy, line r:iii!ior.t, \vutelies and jewelry. Thov follow tlu! olliohil will o't.lie \visp until their money is all ^'one. anil then some of thcii-siiiHTllnuus ulothinjj [foes to the pawnbroker. As the wardrobes of the i.llieeseeUers ;;TUW smaller, and as the- Muiney obtained t.hei-eby diniin- isiies nnd vanishes, recourse is had to rinps, watch chains und watuhes whiuh are almost never redeeiiu'd. Inasniueh as tho ideal pawnbroker never loans more than one-ten til of the intrinsic value of these things, the profits at "cU-uriiiff-out sale.s" must necessarily be vorv large. Consequently the radiant smiles of tho pawnbrokers are verv wide, in inverse ratio with tho pea'kedness of the features of the unhappy members of our float in;,' population, The business here is subject to strict laws of congress, and ritfid rules and reyulalions by our commissioners. Every pawnbroker is required to keep a book in which shall be written, at the time of each loan, an accurate account and description of tho froods, sir- tic'le or tliiiiff pawned or pledged, tho amount of money loaned thereon, the time of pledging- the same, the rate of interest to bo paid on such loan, and the name and residence of the person pawning or pledging- tho .said poods, article or thing, together with a particular description of such person, including complexion, color ol eyes and hair, and his or her height and general appearance, « . The law provides that goods in tho hands of pawnbrokers shall not be sold until after the expiration of one year from tho tlmb ' the article is pawned, »nd then only after being- advertised for six days previous to the date of sale. A section unknown to many persons -who pawn articles is suction ten of' the act, which' provides "that tho surplus money, if any, arising- from any snch sale, after deducting the amount of the loan, the interest then due on the same and the expenses of the advertisement nnd sale, shall be paid over by the pawnbroker to the person who •would be entitled to redeem the pledge in case no such sale hod taken place." But, at the expiration of a year, neur- ly everyone of the unfortunate end J!F, CAM.H ON HIS " i;SCI.E. ' rashlv importunate victims are over the plains and far away: so that tho pawnbroker usually retains the entire proceeds of every public sale. It is a frame in which the pawnbroker cannot lose, but is bound to win every time. fin morning recently I saw a hiuul- KOine young man leaving the olUec of our detective corps, and. although the weather was exceedingly cold, the yonn" man was not wearing an ovei- 'coat. It was the absence of that necessary garment that caused him to visit, the' inspector. The young man was tho owner of an overcoat, and the fact fiat lie did not wear it lliiit day was because ho had loaned it to "his uncle." The weather the day before had been warm and the young man was in need of funds. He wanted a small amount of eash and a great deal depended upon his getting it. His overcoat was about tho most valuable and least useful article he had at that time, and so ho pawned it. _ Night came on and instead of a continuance of the mild weather, the cold winds appeared and played hido and seek nliout the young man's sack coat. The following morning there camo a remittance from another part of tho country, and tho one whohad suffered for the want of his overcoat hud tho money necessary to redeem it; but whon he went for it ho learned to his surprise that lie couiif not gi-r. r.is com much loss than forty-eight hours from tho time it was pawned. A note from tho chief of detectives, howi-ver. op erutQd as. a sort of Mi.~poii.-ii.-n of ; lie law, and the young man was made happy for at least once in his liJ'a ! '.V being given iin opportunity to secure his coat bol'ore the cold wrather was over. This individual was an exception to the rule, as it seldom happens that remittances come opportunely: or that they come iit a'.l. The pawnbroker or the seeoi-ul-hanii clothing denier expects only about ,m.- victim iu ilt'ty to return and redci-m tl.eir goods. The pawnbrokers are pennitled to charge only ;; per cent, per month, and. where the loan is secured by the pledge of personal property requiring extra care to prevent injury during disuse, a pawnbroker may charge sin.-h reasonable sum for storing or taking care of tho slum; as the commissioners may prescribe. One of the most, experienced men upon the detective forci- here says that he is satisfied that the amount of Interest is too small, as lie can hardly see bow pawnbrokers can manage to got along on the rate,, loaning as they do such small amounts. Tho largest firm in tilt! city, ho says, docs not average the loan of more thun S-HIO to .feiiOU daily, while some others loan only from SH>il to S-HO. But. sine-' tho legal interest is Kll per cent, per annum, and pawnbrokers usually retail; the entire amounts rea!i/cd by their annual s;ik-s, and inasmuch as they ivmain in the business long enough tri acquire V.enty o£ valuable real estate, tin rate of interest, will probably prove siiilicieut to enable them to struggle aii-ng. One of tne sections of the law which has been bitterly coir.pia ined of by pawnbrokers is that clause which requires them to "admit to their premises at anytime any member of the metropolitan police, force of the District of Columbia, to examine any pledge or pawn book or other record on the premises, as well as to search for and tako into possession any article known by hijn to be missing, or WAITING FOR SOMKTHI.NCV To TCHM t'P. known or believed by him to have been stolen, without the formality of the writ of a search warrant or any other process, which search or seizure is hereby authorized." That provision has never been known to work to the injury of any dealer, although it has frequently enabled our detectives to speedily recover stolen property and simplified tho process of trailing burglars and sneak thieves. Tho regulations governing the business prevent the sale of stolen property to persons in business without the police knowing of the sale and boing able to recover the property. Tho Jaw has proved beneficial in that regard, and many stolen articles have been recovered through its operations which would never have been recovered in any other way. Tho poor we have always with us, and this city might support a few pawnshops, even if tho floating- population should bo greatly diminished; but so long as there are offices to be had without the embarrassment of civil service examinations; or so long as there are holes in tho civil service law big enough to drive through with a conch mid four, we will have with us these deluded people. They come unto us and have the freedom of the city as long as they have a visible means of support. They have been coming here annually wver 'since if, «'«s !irnHiunced that "to tho victors belong the spoils." Generation after generation they have come, and by reason of this fact pawn- brokcrage has been here. One of the most successful real estate dealers of this oily, a man who to-day is an exemplary member of society, was formerly in business with three gilded baJ-ls over his door, lie *4iyw "There is one thiTlg about that business which has never been published. probably because nobody ever noticed ft as r'did. Very often when the amounts of money pledged were very large und the pawnbrokers were thriving" 1 observed that the neighboring saloons were doing an unusually /rood business. The poor fallows would pawn their last valuables ,-ind lln.-;i go to the saloons to spend their money. There thov would meet with other Micawbers'who were waiting for somo- tliiiig to turn up. and entertain each olheT with glowing accounts of their prospects. Some day 1 will toll you some unwritten history concerning- the thousands of men who came to \V-ishin-ton din-ing the war seeking commissions as brigadier generals. colonels, majors or captains, but .vho linallv, afler pawning their last trinkets 'enlisted as private soldiers and went to tin.- front where, they disappeared in the ranks of the almost nnm- ber'l'ess blue-coated hosts." SMITH D. FRY. TIDAL AND STORM WAVES. Wcljflit of a Million Sovereign.. The weight of ii million sovereigns, newly minted, is 10 tons, 14 hundred, weight and 15 pounds. A mil ion pounds' worth of fresh coined silver pieces of British money weighs over 151 tons and 10 hundredweight.. Horrn mill Kiii-tliqiiiiltr Surcet-Kitrttor. ilhttiry HlllowM In Mhlovcitn.. The only tiling to which, strictly .peaking, it. is correct to apply tho name "tidal wave" is belter known, perhaps, as the "boie" or "eager;" the li name is "mascaret.' 1 This is a wave act u;i.i; c <U-i'i veil from the .regular ocean tides twice a day. and is seen rushing impetuously up certain great rivers like the Tsien-tang, the lloogly, tiiii A maxim and l.ti I'lata. Owing tu I!,,, struggle: Del ween the outlhuvin^r fluvial current and the incoming sea, tlic lattei- rises up in a solid wall of waicr, with a foaming crest and often with destructive might.. In tile Tsien- taiig this Piuud sometimes attains a height, of thirty feet, says liiiyut; in the Amazon, according to the same authority, live separate bores lifted! feet high have been observed within ;t distance 'if two hundred miles. Kven in the Seine the wave occasionally attains an elevation of live ur six fee!. ()( course, ; he magnitude of such phenomena varies with the moon's phases and with the season of the year, just as tho tides themselves do, obviously a visitation like this work's ;] rent, mischief along ^ow. shores, and in China, where it is experienced, the boatmen embark in their craft and anchor nut, in the stream when the bore is due. in order to avoid disaster. /,;trge vesseis, too, ;nv moored fi'o/n bow ami stern :i.t a distance from land for tile same reason. l-'or hick of a better name another affair is a Iso commonly termed a "tidal w.ive," although it is in no way related to the titles. Karthijiiakcs in tile West Inilics. Kast Indies, among the South 1'acilic islands and elsewhere near the ocean are once in awhile attended with an upheaval of the sen, which sends sometimes one, sometimes several, trc- ineii'lons billows npon adjaccntshores. On .May fl, IS77, for instance, the I'erii- vian coast was devastated by a severe seismic disturbance which nearly ruined C'a'. lao and several adjacent towns. With the first shock the sea seemed to recede slightly from the land, and then it returned, about ten or fifteen feet higher than before, at Ciillao. On this particular occasion eight such waves in close sin-cession were witnessed at the great I'eru- vian se.aport. C'obija reported a wavo thirty-five feet high, and Mexillones one sixty-live feet high at tho same time! The sea, thus added greatly to the damage otherwise done by the earthquake. Much shipping, moreover, was washed ashore, and the old United States steamer Wateroc, which had Ifei'ii stramled by a simil.-ii- occurrence in 1KOS, was now washed still further up on land. It will be observed that both the bore and the surge created by an earthquake do their mischief alongshore, not in midocean. The watery mountains which are encountered in the latter region are veally storm waves, not tidal waves. That Is. they are raised, like any other wave, by the action of the wind. Heavy gales are, therefore, their first cause. Hut every one who Juts closely observed the sea, oven from a stable stations on the beach, knows that no two of these uplifts are of the same size, but thut a great diversity exists among them. Sometimes two or more running in the same direction rnorg-e in one, and this union means » much bigger wave than those in the neighborhood. Each billow represents a certain amount of force acting aeainstgravitationaswell us having a progressive tendency, and union of the masses really mean* combination o.f force. But owing to the progressive motion of a storm system across the ocean, the wind changes its direction, so that there is a constantly shifting tract within which the surges come from two directions at once.. They meet at an angle, not squarely, and at the place of intersection, of course, they rear tlteir crests higher than ever. In some instances, no doubt, tho enormous storm waves which mariners describe result from cross seas, lu the dny time it is an easy matter, with'a sharp lookout, to perceive a billow which overtops its fellows at a considerable distance, and there is often time to change the course of the vessel so as Lo take it "head on;" but at night it is seldom possible, to make the diseovtiry In time. Fortu- na.tely. waves of suilie'.ent height to do such iiann as was done to the Norman- nla are exceedingly tin frequent, and their height is usually, no doubt, overestimated. There is another class of storm wave deserving mention, though it seldom works any serious ihnnage, The evelones, like those from the West Indies, sometimes raise a swell that precedes them, 01-extend.-, outsidcways, being perceptible three or four liitn- dreirmiles away, where there is only a. li.rht brco/e, and if such a swell encounters a coast a. strong undertow results, One single surge which rushed inland four hundred feet at, Uaracoa. Cuba, December-I, H?rT. was attributed at tlii' tiino to a three days' "norther." y y. Tribune. — Herghcm, tho'Dutch painter, had a sco'uling wife. Ho v\as la/.y and she was thrifly and insisted that he should keep at work'. 11 is studio was over the kitchen, anil from time to time Frail J!eT' r ueiu poun.led tin- toiling with a pole" she kept, for that purpose and liei-ii-hem respondo-l by s'.imimiig, to assure her that he was awake and attending to business. ..-In California :i defendant ir.l.sbftnd was adjudgod guilty of cruelty lucanso ], e diJnot provide wau-r at hi" house, neither would he repair the house to t; it comfortable. W HY HOOD'S? Because Hood's Sarsaparilla is the best, most reliable and. accomplishes the greateitcurea. HOOD'S CURE* Tick! TicK ! r 'Many A message liKe t^is Was senf Froir\ hamlets and cities all oVertlje land, Tronigrocers\Jfio catered to public demand;, .^ToFAIRBANK&Co., CHICAGO.^"- ^YourSANTA CLAU5 50AP has been proven thftbesf" [Ship double m/ order last written^ be quick" k-And the messenqer runs and .» L i • 11 •., ^ l^ tljewires still Try SANTA O.AUS SOAP yourself, and you will see why it is so popular. MAUK O.NLV 11V N. K. F/URBANK & CO., Chicago. IfChristi Ready in ...a few days... Came to Chicago JOURNAL READERS LOOK OUT FOR IT- Greatest Sensation OF THE NINETEENTH CENTURY- THE FAMOUS EDITOR OF THE REVIEW OF REVIEWS WM. T, STEAD OF LONDON The most remarkable figure of reform in modern civilization, whose books have been sold all over the Euglish-*peakiug world BY MILLIONS, Has Written this Book for Americ SELECTING CHICAGO AS THE TYPICAL CITY OF CORRUPTION AND OF GREATNESS Truths are told as they have not been told since CHltlST CAME TO PALESTINE. And the evils known to modern life are sketched like vipers arid their chief abettors are named openly without regard to person or consequence?. Supply yourself at once with this great book. Send in your order at once, as this will be the iuo»t advertised book, by the denunciations and laudations of the press, that bag been Issued in this country. STRIKINGLY ILLUSTRATED SPLENDIDLY BOUND NEARLY 500 PAGES The Journal Is pleased to announce that it has secured a large number of copies of the first edition of this wonderful book, which will be shipped as it is off the press, and will be sold to Journal reader* at as low a price as possible, together with one coupon elipped from this paper. No ono should miss reading this great book which contains startling f»ct» never before presented in such a graphic manner. Watch for the coupon which will be started as soon as the books arrive. Tht Best Shoe* £oj Uie L^a^L >f W. L. DOUGLAS $3 SHOE 6EKTLEUEIL SS, 84 and S3.BO Dress Sho*. 83.0O Police Shoe, 3 Sole?. S2.6O, $2 for Workingmeiu 82 and $1.70 for Boys. LADIES AND MlSSg, $3, $2.50 82, $1.76 CADTION—If liny <Jo«lpr ofr<-r» you w. I.. i>o«(;r»» • horn at • rrduord ]'iib»> ir Ml)'« lie h«» Iheu. wilft- on» (ho u»iiie »l:iniii»(J OB the bottom, p"l l >^^ J. 3, WINTERS. Is tho best remedy for all complaints peculiar to women. A MllI'lCAL BOOK worth OI-LAUS, srtitfor 10 cent* In Scaled Envelope. |1 Per BotUc nt al Size sent liy Letters for wlviof M»rk«« ••Consnltlnif DcpsrUjient ua seen by our physicians only.