The Pittsburgh Gazette from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania on July 17, 1841 · Page 2
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The Pittsburgh Gazette from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania · Page 2

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Pittsburgh filailir8a?elte O'The Pittsburgh Gazette" is published DAILY and WEEKLY. The Daily is SIX Dollars per annum, in advance. The Weekly, tohtairi-ing most of the matter of the Daily, TWO Dollars per annum Lit advance, ot:$i at'thenh?f the year: SEVILLE B- CRAIG, Editor. SATURDAY AFTERNOON, JULY 17, 1S41. , fty For carefully corrected Pittsburgh I'rices Current, mid Bank Note List,' as well as for Business Card, zee fitst page. ', John Basks. We ask the attention of our readers to the excellent letter of this gentleman to the citizens of Mifflin County. The editor of the Advocate this morning sneaks of our article of Thursday last as l,un- nsuallv lonov' Well, we admit it was long, but we made it so by giving full and fair extracts from our own paper and the Advocate, so that our readers might clearly understand the question. We had no desire to deceive or mislead them, and therefore would not con sent to tear one portion of an article from its context, and make it bear a signification entirely differen'. from the true one. The infidel who took up the following passage "The fool has said in his heart, there is no Cud," and, by omitting the first seven words, made the psalmist say 'there is no God," was earlier in the perpetration of that fraud, hut not more cunning than the editor of the Advocate. That editor, this morning, extracts the following passages from our paper of the I st of July, the day after the nomination of Mr. Ilobinson. "We can scarcely believe that a Convention professing to be a W hig assemblage would pre-f'er a Porter man to a long tried Whig -like Judge Brackenridge, or Mr. Shinn, or even Wm. Little.1' l-But it so happens that he heat them all. Now that docs look a little suspicious, ant any man who believed that the editor of the Advocate was an honorable man, and incapable of falsehood and misrepresentation, might think there was some slight ground for his charge against us, viz: that we asserted that Mr. Robinson was, at the time of his nomination, a Porter man. Even, however, these detached sentences, when carefully examined, prove no such thing-. was in honest hands, and under good guid-ance. Mr. Robinson, we arQsure, must feel deeply mortified by the position in which he is placed by his friend no, not his friend, his advocate, Mr. Parkin. . When we first stated that Mr. Robinson was a Porter man last summer, and added that he might have since changed, and expressed our belief that the Extra-pay Convention would scarcely have nominated an adhering Porter man,the Advocate editor 'jumped up and swore' (asserted) that our statement was "totally false,''-', and that we "knew it to be false," and then labored to prove that we had descended to tlie baseness of making use of a respectable man to gull and Impose upon others. Such a charge, coining from such a creature, one who had impudently meddled in our politics before he was : naturalized, we could not submit to. Our first article contained not one statement but what is now admitted to be true to the letter. Nothing of which Mr. Robinson had a right to complain; so that his own advocate must be held responsible for all the mortification which he may have endured. U. S. Bank. We find the annexed remarks, in relation to the probable fate of Mr. Clay's Bill, in the New York Tribune and the N York American. The Proposed Bank. A letter in the Tribune of this momino-, from Washington, renders certain, what heretofore has only been surmise that Mr. John Tyler elected by the Whigs to carry out Whig principles, and who was personally most strenuous as a delegate at Ilarrisburgh, that Mr. Clay should be the candidate of the party, because lie was the personification, so to speak, of Whig principles, will not by "any possibility" sign a Bank Bill on the old model that is such a model as Jiamil ton designed, and Washington and Madison approved, and Marshall pronounced constitu tional !- N. Y. Amir. We, however, give the first sentence of the article, which our neighbor lias so basely used, and we also give the sentences which lie detached from the context, together with the two preceding and the subsequent one, so that our readers may see that that editor has acted a most dishonorable part a part only equalled in baseness by that of the atheist who would prove by the Bibb" that ulh'cre. is no God." The following is the first sentence of our article of July 1st: "Mil. Wm. O il. Robinsox This Post Office candidate for the Senate had been a Imco- We regret the necessity which constrains us to state that, unless our private advices from Washington mislead us and we do not think such can be the fact the doom of tiik Bank Hi i.i. is sealed! It is likely to be defeated in the Senate, and very probably has been ere this. The deplorable difference of opinion be- , J tween certain eminent Whirrs regarding the propiieiy oi eoiiiiuing to me JianK me umram-meled power of establishing branches in the States, is the rock on which we have split. -Mr. Clay -and a very large portion of the Whigs concur with him considers it the lesser evil to postpone the creation of a Bank at present rather than surrender for ever the power of Congress to authorize brandies, and thus efficiently regulate the currency. On the other hand, Mr. Archer of Va. will not vi to for any Bank; Messrs. Rives and Preston do not feel authorized, in view of the political attitude and presumed wishes of their respective States to vote for a Bank with power to place its branches in hostile States; and Mr. Merrick of Md., is disinclined to vote for Mr. Clay's Bill. So the very strong- probability now is that it will never go to the House. We have said that we regret this; but, if the Whigs are true to themselves, it will prove but a transient misfortune. Six or seven of the Loco-Foco Senators most unequivocally misrepresent their constituents for instance, Perry Smith of Ct., Silas Wright of N. Y., Mou-ton of Leu., Tappan and Allen of Ohio, &.C- These cannot hold out and hold on for ever. But immediate relief is almost certain. Ten nessee is now represented in the Senate by one shared with me the amusements and incidents of boyhood will long have a place in my affections. Many of them have gone to other States, and to other climes, and not a few have sunk into the silent tomb, whither we must soon follow them. Ta meet once more, after an absence of many years, with those who still remain, and to join with them in the commemoration of our national freedom, and to renew our vows to the Constitution, and best interests of the Country ,would indeed be highly gratifying. But other engagements and other duties demand my presence at home, and I am therefore compelled to decline the honor which you have extended to me.' ! I cannot close this brief note without adverting to that part of your tetter which refers to American labor and industry. When we contemplate, that it is industry which provides and prepares the rich harvests, the green mea dows, and adorns our hills and valleys with herds and flocks, and makes tlie husbandman independent' and venerable when guiding the plough in the furrow; that it is industry which covers our rivers, and lakes, and seas with all the abundance and ornaments of civilized life; that it is industry which beautifies all with el egance and variety, by the successful applica tion of the arts, we must indeed admit that it is a subject of the. deepest importance to the American People. I hat the Lmted States contains within their limits, resources amply sufficient to enable them to become a omul manufacturing country, is a universally acknowledged truth. The expediency of encouraging American industry is also a truth too obvious to require either com ment or proof. Notwithstanding all this we see the interests of our own industry neglected and declining, while the wealth of our country is most prodigally expended in the purchase and use of those articles of forei gn manufacture, which our own citizens are fully competent to furnish. Thus it is that the country is deluged by the profusion of foreign importations, and the people; deceived by the appearance of plenty. One jrreat evil of this policy and practice is, the introduction of a prepossession in favor of foreign commodities, which is altogether Anti-Amcrican, and which is one great cause of that distress w Inch is now the subject of general complaint. American, industry is an object of too much importance to be neglected. In its prosperity, all classes of the community are deeply interested and tlie efforts of public men are always usefully employed, irhilc promoting and improving domestic industry . This should be done by kxampi.e, as well as ey pkk- cept, and I believe the day is not far distant, when creri public man will feel it to he his duty and his pride to .ippear dressed in cloth of Jim erica n run nujucture. You will accept my best wishes for yourself and each member of the committee with whom you.net, and also for the people whom you represent. Yours &c, JOHN BANKS. From the Baltimore American. vtvurntji-ScTJcntl) Congress. Washington, July 13, 141. UNITED STATES SENATE. The President pro tern, laid on the table a report from the War Department respecting the rait in Jved Kiver. Mr. Walker presented a petition from. Mis sissippi, praying for the passage of a Bankrupt Law. Mr. Kerr presented a resolution to change the daily hour of meeting to eleven o'clock, which was laid over. - REMOVALS FROM OFFICE. The Senate resumed the consideration of the resolution of Mr. Buchanan, and the amend ment of .Mr. Manffum. "The first effort of Louis XVIII, on his restoration was to re-establish the slave-trade. Before twelve months were past, he was flying for his life to the protection of strangers. On the second restoration the trade was again revived. All representations of its horrors, ag gravated as they now are by the lawless rapacity of the foreign traders, were received with mock acquiescence and real scorn. And where lhe Rourbons now? "And what is the peace or the prosperity of the countries which have dipped their gumv ait, in human miseries. The three are still centres of revolutionary terrors: Portugal, still covered with the wrecks ot a cinvir, By the Jefferson Cavalry. The Officers of the day: they deserve our thanks for the dignified manner in which they presided over this meeting. By tlie Jefferson Cavalry To the musicians: Accept our thanks for your excellent and enlivening music may your instruments ever be in good i rder, and youee: ready with them to welcome the return of the 4th of July. By the whole company Our Host and Hos-ters: For our cordial reception and polite entertainment we return our universal thanks to the Host and Hostess. . . On motion, J. E. McCube and Hiram Hultz were appointed a committee to prepare these with a trembling throne, a Jacobin constitution proceedings for publication have their share in those things; but the facts are before mankind." For the Gazette. JULY oth, 1541 . The Jefferson Cavalry convened at the house of Amos Holland, Upper St. Clair Township, Alleohenv County, tor the purpose of telebra- and a broken people; Spain torn by faction, watching every gathering on ner inns, u n.-sio-nsofa temuest that may sweep tlie land, Mr. Linn resumed his remarks, and while he ! from the Pyrenees to the ocean; and France, was speaking the Loan Bill was received from j in the first heavings of a mighty change, which the House, which on motion of Mr. Clay was j man can no more define than he can set limits read twice and referred to the Committee on , to the heaving of an earthquake or the swell ot a i mance. hen Mr. L. concluded, the Sen-i deluge. Other great objects and causes may ate resumed the consideration of the bill to incorporate the INITKI) STATES BANK. The question being on the motion of Mr. Wright to amend the bill in the Isth line of Sec. 17, by inserting certain provisions applicable to the contingency of a suspension of specie payments. lie related the circumstances attending the last suspension of specie pay-!:' t, Anniversary of American liulenen- nients, and the speculations which were occa- J denee. sionally thrown out condemning its duration i . v , . J . , , ,. , . i OH1CKKS OF TIIL I A l . nYl.l lie itttTl j nni hr, l:ir t IJXP were fcntrllO- I ed by tacts I Col. J. B. McCABE, President. Mr. Berrien rose to make a few remarks for j Col. Wm. Espy, Copt J. II. Stokkk, John the purpose of showing that he could not admit ! Uiiliuian ana jaines r me, iqr .t.u l On motion, ttie proceed! no's were ordered to be published in two Pittsburgh papers. The company dispersed at an early hour, all well satisfied with tlie maimer in which the day was spent. J. E. McCABE III HAM HULTZ, Mercury copy 1 time. Committee. 7ISIT TO BEDFORD SPRINGS The subscriber intends leaving this city in tlie beginning of next week, (Tuesday or Wednesday) with a good comfortable carriage, for Bedford Springs, to return in two or three weeks, and would be glad to accommodate two or three passengers, on reasonable terms. Applv to JAMES M M ASTI'.RS, Livery Stable, Julv 17 tilt. Fourth street. KMU LAR PASSKNGKll. PACKET. fry1 Foco until last summer, but he then became a chance-made Loco-Foco, who must evaporate as soon as the Legislature assembles in Sep tember, that Legislature will almost certainly choose two straight-forward 'Bank Whigs,' making a change of three, votes in the1 Senate. In other words the Senate will stand at the regular session 31 to til instead of 29 to t-2 sufficient to overbear all hair-splitting. A. 1" Tribune. The Albany Evening Journal states that the motion for the discharge of McLeod was ar gued, on the part of the British Government, by Joshua A. Spencer, Eso.' U.S. District At t.orney, and on the part of tlie State of'N. York, by Willis 1. all, Esq., its Attorney General.' I'cnn a. Inquirer. It should not be forgotten that the Chic Judges of the Supreme Court of N. York, fully sustain Gov. Seward in his course with r gard to Mc Leod. the applicability of this amendment to every case in which it would be operative. As the power to make a provision according to the tenor of this proposition was reserved in the charter, the question merely resolved itself into one of time. The amendment transferred the power from the President to the Attorney General. Mr. W right asked tor the yeas and nays, which were ordered. The question was then taken and decided in the negative Ayes 23, noes 2. Mr. V right then withdrew his last amend ment. And the Senate adjourned. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. The House resumed tlie discussion of the re solution in relation to the Sl'l.LOI) CASK. Mr. Bowne said that the assertion made on this floor that the people of N. York did not complain of the course pursued by the Secre tary ot State, m the case ol McLeod, was not correct. They did complain that their sovereignty had been interfered with, and their soil and jurisdiction invaded, lie noticed Uncharge 1 hat the steamboat Caroline was a piratical vessel,. which he refuted witha mass of satisfactory evidence, and also showed that she was cleared expressly to run for freight and passage between the ports of Schlosser and Buffalo, and that she sailed under the American flag alone, and that that flag was insulted on her first trip from Buffalo, by having been fired into from the Canadian shore. Ldents. J W. F. White and Alexander Gillfillan Secretaries. The Declaration of Independence was read by Hiram Ilultz. Orations were then delivered by Messrs. Henry Larimer and Hiram Hultz. The company then sat down to an elegant and sumptuous dinner after the cloth was re moved tlie following regular toasts, prepared by the committee of arrangements, were received. 1st . The Constitution of the United States. 2nd. The Memory of tlie signers of the Declaration of Independence. lid. The Army and Navy of the United States. 4th. The Surviving Heroes of the late War may they live long to enjoy the blessings which their valor has purchased. 5th. Tlie Memory of William Henry Harrison late President of the United States. (th. The Governor of Pennsylvania. 7th. The Memory of General George Washington. fth. The Memory of General Anthony Wayne. Dili. Success to tlie Jefferson Cavalry; long may it flourish, and triumph o'er tiie foe, and if called may horse and his rider be prepared to go. 10. Here is to him who in time of peace was gentle and kind, and in time of need was a friend to his country indeed. 1 1. Here is the Flag that bears the bird that STEAMER "IZAAK WALTON' fllllK I.aak Walton will leave this port every JL day, for Heaver, at 3 o'clock. V. M., and leave Beaver, at 8 o'clock, A. M., each morning, during the low water. For passage, apply on board. Julv 17 dtf. )0 N A T HAN'S M 1SCKLI.A N Y. ( Wiu-no wmgs from the Brother Jonathan) A new I weekly publication, by the conductors of the Broth- t .i- If.nitltnti t) lirt ixititl.oi L-.,,.l rP. ......... .. the 13th, i" quarto form. A suitable size for binding and beautifully printed. Sul s riptions received and single numbers for sale at BEB FORD'S, 8.) Fourth street, Where may be had all the popular magazines and papers of the dav, hv the vear or single number. July 17. Mr. B. also repelled the charge that those of, whinned the pack of Richard the third. ur citizens, who aided in the Patriot move- io Jere is to the dav we celebrate with joy I of next September. Said proposals to state the a- TO CAPITALISTS. Loan of One Hundred Thousand Dollars for the City of Pittsburgh. "Y an Ordinance, passed bv the Councils on the ! Ct!i of Julv, Kill. "The 'Mayor of the City of Pittsburgh is authorized to borrow, on the credit of the city, the sum of one hundred thousand dollars, and to issue certificates therefor, under the seal of the corporation, of one hundred do'lars each, or more, at the election of tlie lender thereof, bearing an interest not exceeding six per cent, per annum which interest shall be payable half yearly, on the first davs of July and January, at the Bank of Pennsylvania, in Philadelphia, or at the Treasurer's Office, in tlie city of Pittsburgh. The certificates so issued shall not be redeemable by the city, without the consent of the Judders thereof, before the fust day of Julv, eighteen hundred and sixty one.'' Proposals for the above loan, or any part thereof, will be received bv the subscriber, at the Mayor's Office, in. the city of Pittsburgh, until the loth day ment in Canada, were banditti, but asserted we mvei witli smiles we greet our glorious that they were as pure a set of men, and urged I country's bright arrav, it is Independence dav. on Dy tne same m.iy niiiuences mat. impelled Farmers and Mechanics, the mam The New York Tribune states on the authority of private advices at Washington, that the Bank Bill is likely to be defeated in the Senate. 1'enn'v. Inquirer. The Albany Journal states that the withdrawal of Governor Seward from the next Gubernatorial contest in that state, is deliberate and peremptory. Pcnna. Jnpuircr. I our forefathers to throw oft the shackles of British oppression, and give freedom to their country. Tlie hour having expired, Mr. Underwood moved to take up the bill making provision for the Lunatic Pauper, of tlie District, which was agreed to. 1 he amendments from the Committee hav Harrison man, and now he is at the head of the Ticket." The following five paragraphs are taken connectedly from the same article; the third and the fourth are the ones which our neighbor has detached, and used as the Atheist used the words of tlie Psalmist. "It may be that he (Mr. Robinson) has a hereditary facility at changing his politics, and and may hare become anti-Porter lately. "He abandoned Van Buren when he discov- , Bill, are of the most contradictory character. ered that he was a gone case, and now that j One account is, that in the Senate, the matter Porter has become a 'used up man' he may j w,il depend upon a single vote-, and that if it hare abandoned him. be understood that the President desires the "We can scarcely believe that a Convention '; uefeat of Mr. Clay's Bill that sincrle vote will professing to be a Whig assemblage icould pre- ; c, against the measure, and it wilfof course be fer a Porter man to a long tried Whig like Judge ; defeated. This, however, we think irnproba-Brackenridge, or Mr. Shinn, or even Wm. ; ble. We believe that mi (Iip SonMo the TV.ll The Bxk Qt'KSTiox iv Congress The Course of President Tyler. The rumors from Washington, in relation to the fate of the Bank The President has sent a message to Congress, stating that numerous applications have been made, bot h to the State and Treasury Departments, asking for interference and explanations in relation to certain State Bonds. They are from Messrs. Hope &, Co., of Amsterdam; Rothschild fc Son, Gowan fc Max, and other European capitalists. In reply to one of these letters, Mr. E ing said that the Department had no interest whatever in the matter. Pen. Inquirer. spring of wealth and strength in the United States may their rights and labors be respected and protected. V OLi; N TE E R TOASTS. By J. E. M'Cabe, President of the Day. TheFourth of July '7(i, the birthday of Ameri can Independence May it never want patriot " : , . . - i . V. ing been agreed to, the bill passed through the ; 1C i)eas lo cnerisii us memory, auu u, ceie- urate me uicfMiigs it coiiieiieti. By Capt. J. H. Storer, Vice various stages of engrossment and readme. Little. "But it so happens that he beat them all. "We therefore refer to the matter at this early dav, to trirr him an njiportaniti to state when he discovered that Porter was not the 'noble minded Governor' which he called him only eleven months ago." Now, from reading all we said, it appears manifest that, in our very first article, we stated distinctly that Mr. Ilobinson was a Loco Foco in the summer of 1840; that we distinctly ad- mitred that he might have changed since; that I tI,e letter-writers give it as the current opinion ,,, : . I at Washington, that Mr. 1 yier has such con- nc piiiiu --st.un.eiy ueiieve iii-.il a. et;Il enuon professing to be Whig would prefer a Porter is perfectly safe, and will pass bv a considera ble majority. Its fate in the House cannot be counted upon with so much certainty, because we have, as yet, had no discussion and no vote upon the subject in that body. The best advices, however, encourage tlie opinion that the Bill from the Senate will also pass the House. As to the course of the President, we have no authentic information. Indeed, it is quite probable that his views and determinations are unknown, except to the members of his Cabinet and a few confidential friends. Sonic of man to such Whigs as Shinn, Little and Brackenridge, and that we noticed the matter early to give him an opportunity to explain when lie became convinced that Porter was not "the noble minded Governor" which he called him e-leven months previous. Two days after that article appeared, Mr-Parkin distinctly stated that our article was 'totally false;' and that 'we kneic it to be false.' So reckless is he of his character for truth, when he thinks it necessary to disseminate 41 falsehood. Thus, this morning, he impudently says: "The whole tenor ofthe Gazette's article was to convey the impression that Mr. Robinson ! was, when nominated, a Porter man. ' Wh en was a more barefaced or impudent j false hood uttered.- We think we inio-ht leave ' the matter here, but will made an additional remark. ; That editor this morning says: "Whether Mr. Robinson was a Porter man at any time during the year 18 10 is a matter of w consequence to us." Now, if this is true, why did that editor, on both the 3d and 10th of jhiVj iabor to proye U)at Mr. Robinson was a mere dupe and tool of ours, and that the resolution in fa vor of Porter passed in August 110, was dictated by us, "-gainst the pricate inclinations of Mr. Ilobinson."" We are aware that certain whig leaders hoid Mr. Robinson very cheap, and are making use of him, but we do not think that they would set to work to stultify him in a matter which was of "no consequence" to them, as th Advocate now alleges. We can conceive no inducement the Advocate could have in stultifying Mr. Robinson, in relation to a matter which they believed to be of "no consequence." A friend has jestingly remarked to us, that the policy of the Advocate in proving Mr. Robinson to be a tool of ours was to gain him yotes, by letting the Antimasons know that he stitutional scruple.-; on tne sunjecr, as must induce him to veto the bill, should it authorise branches without the consent of the States. This opinion, indeed, has been repeated so positively, that many believe that it is well founded. Our own view is, that before the bill reaches the President, it will be modified sufficiently to obviate his principal objections; and that hence, a veto will be avoided. Our fear is that the bill will be so altered or amended, as to deprive it of many of its most useful features, and thus to render it imperfect. Pair). Inquirer. A Nkw Movement. We perceive that our Loco Foco friends have called a preparatory movement, f r the purpose of of organizing throughout the State, against the contemplated Fiscal Agent or National Bank. Pcnna. Inquirer. The New York American of Monday has the annexed paragraph: Rumors from Washington to-day we know not of what authority say that some concern was felt there as to the movemens on our borders ofthe hunter's lodges, an the uneasy patriots call themselves, who want to regulate Canada. We hope Gen. Scott may be charged with bringing them to order, if there be any cause for uneasiness. Front the Ilarrisburgh liUrdligt nrer. AN EXCELLENT LETTER. We published in full last winter the abk speech delivered by John Banks, in Congress, in 13o, in favor of domestic manufactures and a protective tariff. We have the pleasure this week of laying before our readers the following letter from the same sterling advocate of our country's interests, to the committee of arrangement at Lewistown, who had invited him to attend their celebration ofthe fourth of July. This letter needs no comment. Like every thing which emanates from John Banks it is plain, clear, business-like, and explicit. There is no mystery, no non-commitalism about him. He at once comes to the point, says, what lie he has to say in such a manner that no one can be deceived as to his meaning, and always, in our opinion, says just the right thing His late letter pledging himself, in effect, to one term, has been universally admired, not only for its lucid style, but for its democratic sentiments, contrasting as they do most strongly and favorably with the adverse sentiments and practice of his opponent, Mr. Porter. Reading, June IS, Is 41. Doctor T. A. Wokra LL, Sir: Late List evening, I received your letter, inviting me to attend at Lewistown, and join in the celebration of the approachino- 4th of July. . . 3 - I assure you that it would afford me oreat pleasure to visit that part of the county of my nativity, and unite in the celebration of American Independence, with my old friends and the companions of my 3 011th. Wherever the active pursuits of life may place ine, rnv heart will st ill be moved by the warmest attachment to "Old Millltn," as the place of my b.rih. The recollection of my early associations will ever be pleasing. The friends and companions who The following tables, prepared for the New York Express, shows the progress of popula tion 111 this country for six different periods, embracing fifty years. It will be observed that more than half the free colored inhabitants are in the slave States. COMPARATIVE VIEW. Of the Population of the United States in 1830 and ?40. Census 1830. Census 140. Whites, 10,-")-2(i,y4S 14,1.-v7." Free colored, 3l!,.")9!) 3S(),0;f) Slaves, 2,000,043 2,4SG,3(iS Naval service, 5,318 G,10() and was passed, 114 yeas, 45 nays. A communication was received from the Secretary of the Treasury, asking for further appropriations for the War Department; and a report from Mr. Hassler in relation to the progress of the manufacture of weights and measures. Warlike nejes from Texas. By an arrival at New Orleans from Galveston, the Commercial Bulletin has received Texas papers to the 20th ult. The San Bernard had returned from Vera Cruz. This vessel, it will be recollected, con- mount offered, and the terms on which such amount would be taken. JAMES THOMSON, Mavor, Mavor's OHice, Pittsburgh. Pa. Julv 1 1th. l.'UI. July lfi. ICII dtl.JthS President. Libeitv of speech essential to freedom of thought and action, the true badge of Democ-racy; dear to freemen and formidable only to tyrants. By John Gilfillan, Vice President. The memory of Benjamin Franklin, dear to Pennsyl-vanians. Bv Capt. Win. Snee. The federal consti tution the people will sustain it against, force, factional excitement, or interested partv spirit. j By Lieut. Samuel Black. The army and 1 Navv of the United States may they never j veved Judge Webb to Mexico, as the authori- ; -"g's usiuuainajs w.i- ties at Vera Cruz would not permit him to ! ol,s a ?ood ono' land, and rudely ordered him off. Some of By Capt. Samuel Morgan. The orators of the Texian papers think this last insult about the day young and talented May they be as much as they ought to bear from Mexico, ! vu'ull. t.iu.-u, piove a uic&Mug to meir couu- and recommend an immediate war by sea and tTi'r and die thu stern unyielding advocates of j land. One of them feels quite sure that in four , CV L'l!crt-T'TT . T months from the start, the troops would return ; H'rani Hultz The Jefferson Cavalry , with the acknowledgment of Texan indepen- i i,,a J 1J,, c,,J"y luc "ir vaioi so KIHIY'S 3irSETrI A new Periodical for ( hildren. The Editorial charge is to be committed to the author of Peter Parley's Tales, whose reputation is a sufficient pledge to the public that the present uiulertakinjt will be conducted in a manner to claim a share of patronage, especially at the hands of Parents, Teachers, &e. Subscriptions received, and single copies for sale at BKKr'OKP'.S, 3j fourth street. Julv Jli iTTUItOPEAN AGENCY. The undersigned J having removed from Pittsburgh to Philadelphia, respectfully informs the public and his constituents, that he will still continue bis agency, and will receive and pay over moneys, legacies, annuities and hereditary property, in every part of Knglund, Scotland, and Ireland, and in the I riited States and Canada, lie w ill not visit Europe annually as he lias heretofore done, but will in future transact such business ,is lie is desirous ol being engaged in through his bankers and agents in Europe and America. Any receipt or payment of moneys in Pittsburgh or neighborhood will be attended to bv Messrs. Kings, Iligliv & Anderson, No. 11 Wood street, Pittsburgh. "JAMES ST 1' ART, F.uropean Agent, Phil'a, July 1 1. Philadelphia. deuce wrnnned on in the ppntrnl flnr t;lrun riclllv" deserves i i --- J ....... . , .'.' " , from the capitol. The later accounts seems to confirm the previous statements, that Arista is willing to favor a commercial intercourse between northern Mexico and Texas. The Santa Fe expedition was on the eve of departure. Pcnna. inquirer. PAPER HANGINGS WAREHOUSE. IIOLDSIIIP fc BROWNE, MAM FACTl'llKRS AND IMPORTERS OF PAPFIl ll.iXGI.XG8 A XV BOIWEKS, By a Guest.-Tlie fair ladies of the United J"' '''' i,,arM:l M,wl 00lwecn M anu tn E-lret',s- Our arms m time of war shall be their 17,0GS,112 Total, 12,G(i,9-0 Increase in. ten years. Whites, 3,050,327 or about 35 per cent. Free colored, 67,470 21 " Slaves, 477,325 23J " White Population. Free States and Territories, Slave States and Territories, 1830. G,G-",7(!0 1840. Inc. pr. ct. 0,555,022 4,0:50,053 30 Deaths Doings. -Dr. William James MacXere.n,one ofthe 'United Irishmen' of 1708 and exiled from his native land for daring to love and defend her, and for the last forty years a resident of this City, died on Monday in the 70th year of his age. He held the office of Resident Physician for this city under Gov. Clinton: also under Gov. Seward until he resigned it a few days since. He has left a vast circle of friends to cherish his 'memory. A" Y. Tribune. Several of the Philadelphia Banks have offered to pay their loans to the New York Batiks in advance. Pcnn a Inquirer. An important sign. A Southern paper states , that there are at this time iri North Carolina ' alone, more factories of various descriptions, i than existed 30 years ago in the whole union. I Pcnna Inquirer. 2G 3,060,548 Free Colored. Free States, &c, 137,322 170,704 24 Slave States, vVc, 1-2,270 215,305 18 Progress of Population, in the United States since J 700. Whites. Free Col'd. 3,172,118 50,511 1700 S0O 1-10 1-20 130 1840 4,312,841 5,,-G2,003 7,sGl ,00G 10,520,248 f 14,180,575 110,072 180,446 238,101 310,500 380.009 Slaves. 1,101,304 J, 53,004 2,000,043 2,480,308 In the census for 1840, the county of Carter, in Kentucky, and the Parish of Lafayette, in Louisiana, are estimated. IThe white population of the United States is now greater than that of England and Wales in 1831 the latter was then 13,804,574. The wish of McLeod. We Iearri, says the Albany Advertiser'from Mr. HilIyer,one of the New York Deputy Sheriffs, who arrived from Utica this morning, that McLeod remains for the present in the custody of the Sheriff of Oneida county. What further course of proceedings will be taken is not yet determined. McLeod, it is said, is anxious to go to a jury forthwith; should he determine upon this course, the application for a writ of error on the judgment of the Supreme Court, as intended by his counsel, will, of course, be abandoned." Pcnna Inquirer. The following statement is from Bell's (London) Messenger 'THE SLAVE TRADE. 1 he vengeance of Heaven on individuals in most instances, put beyond hu man discover', lint tor nations, there is no judgment to come; no e'reat af t r reckoning IS WIKOiV, States defence; their arms in time of peace shall be ' our reward. i By George R. Beam.- May the men of this illation be blessed with strength; the women with manj- child ren, so as to be able to populate the west. ' By James Donnelly. May the youth of our riationjbe as highly distinguished for their learning, as they are for their civil liberties. ' By Robert R. McClelland. Our National ; birthday: I - "Go tell the wr rld a world is born, Am t'aer orb oives linrht; Another sun illumes the morn, ; Another star the night." ! By Francis Snee. May our co be blessed with its orators, and the addressed us to-day have the post assigned them their merit deserves. ; By Jaines Wicks. The fair of our land: United and free, may they ever be Strangers to trouble and strife; Bloom like the rose, have plenty of beans, And each get a companion for life. By a Guest. Vox Populi! Vox Dei! est tenon ti puellas. By J. B. Stilley. Jefferson Cavalry may their swords never be drawn in a bad cause, and ever victorious in a good one. By C. Hopkins. This day we celebrate, as it returns, for its be intr tlie dav on which our forefathers declared the ir indonendonce re- i SOlvea to suiter vears of privation, seven of 1-1 r , , . . . 1 lave alwavs on hand, an extensive assortment of French ami American Paper Hangings, Fire Board Prints and Landscape Papers, of handscnie patterns and superior tpiality, which they offer lor sale on the most accommodating terms; and to which they respectfully invite the attention of purchasers. Pg. Julv 12, 1814. dtf. UNIVERSITY OI' FACULTY OK MARYLAND. PHYSIC, in try ever ones that I'.C'i'I l!KS in this institution commence the i 1st MONDAY in September. The extension ofthe term to G months beinsr required by the present rtate of'inedicine, and having met with universal approbation, the course will be prolonged to March 1st. The innovation being recent, onlv' 4 month's attendance will, for the present, be required. The course will be complete to those who enter November 1st to K'th. Clinical Lectures as usual in ISnlfco Infiriuarv. NATH. POTTER, M. ., Professor or Theory and Practice of Medicine. RICH. W. H ALL, M. I)., Professor of Hygiene, Med. Jurisprudence, and Obstetrics. S A.ML. G. BAKEK, M. I)., Prof, of Materia Med-ica. and Therapuetics. WM. E. A. AlkLW M. D., Prof, of Chemistry. -NATHAN K. SMITH, M. D., Professor of Sur-srerv. and Lecturer on Anatomy. ALEX, C. ROBLNSO.V, M. D., Assistant Lecturer on Auatomv. July 12 dlw&wot. V. R. SMITH, Dean. (;lo. f. gilmori:, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Office, South side of the I lininond, two doors west of'Market street, Pittsburgh. July 12, loll. dly. 1 -KSIGXS FOR DWELLIXG HOISES. ' A series of Select and Oritrinal Modern De- makes all straight, and vindicates the ways of, which were, sacrificed and may the man that fI,rns for Dwelling Houses for the use of Carnenters God to man. They must be punished here: i will not celebrate its return, be ntllieied ..-HI, 7,i it..;i,u, .i.?..-j :,' . . e,0V.VarP?nl"s mil it mWi.cu .,-ii - i n- n j , r i , - .... . u ,uv.,, a ,icu iu me sivie oi minding in the and it might be neither ddlicult nor unproduc- , seven years itch, ride on a slave s horse with- ! United States; with twentv-four plates Bv John i.ui.aiua-ui?rxC, r or sale tt ti:c liookstore ot t , c- KAY & Co., Jul' 1 corner Wood Sc. 3d sts. tive of the best knowledge he Christian's ; out trousers, and without the nriviWe. of faith in the ever-wakino- and resistless control scratching. l.m.',rl..rir i 4. , 1. - '. .1 i f .1 ' T J Vf of Providence, to trace the punishment of this enormous crime even in Europe. It was perhaps the slave Trade that lost America to England, and the crime was thus punished at its height, and within view of the spot "where it was committed. The three great Slave Traders, whom it was found impossible to persuade or restrain, are France, Spain and Portugal. And in what circumstances are the colonies now placed for whose peculiar support this dreadful traffic was carried "on? France has totally lost St. Domingo, the finest colony in the world, 'and her colonial trade is a cypher. Spain has lost all. Portugal has lost all. Spanish America and the Brazils are severed from their old masters forever. And what have been especial calamities of the sovereigns of those countries? They have been all three expatriated, and the only three. Other sovereigns have suffered temporary evil under the chances of war; but France. Spain, and Portugal have exhibited the peculiar shame of three dynasties at once in exile: the Portuguese flying across the sea, to escape from an enemy in its capital, a -id hide its had in a barbarian land; the Spanish d. throned, and sent to display its spectacle of mendicant and deceprit royalty through Europe and the French doublj? un- By S. M. Adams. Fulton blessed the world and may the people of this union raise their voices, open their treasury, and bless the family he left needy. By Hiram Ilultz A general system of education may its salutary influence be more and more felt, until all the children in this great commonwealth may stand on one common platform. By II. Morgan. The signers ofthe Declar-taion of American Independence an unexampled band of patriotic heroes may our Congressional men be emulous, have the same sparks glowing m their bosoms, actuatm them in all our national interests. 3 By John Black, Gen. Lafayette A foreigner, be came to our country to assist the A-merican people in gaining their Liberty may his name ce handed down from n-eneration to generation until time shall be no more. By David Craven Education, the safe guard of Liberty the bane of Despotism, the only sure baseffor the perpetuity and continued prosperity of our country. Fathers, educate your sons. Mothers, educate your daughters By John Long.-Fellow troopers, we have met, and met for what? It ,s celebrate that day that never can be forgotten, that day we never shall cease to greet. ' V "c SFGAK. -? HHns jEW OKLE.VNS SUGAR, Just rc- ceivtd aiid for sale bv Julv 10. JOHN D. DAVIS. 11 V. IHF.TAL. 07 TON'S received per steamboat Saratoga, and J i for sale by JOHN D. D W'lS. Julv 10. " FORT PITT GLASS WORKS. riMIE Partnership heretofore exWinsr under the J. firm of CUBLLXG, ROBERTSOfc Co., expired, by limitation, on tlie first inMunt, owing to the decease ofthe senior partner, Mr. R. B. Curlinp. in May last. WILLIAM CURL1JVG, ALFRED B. CUKLLNG. MORGAN ROBERTSON. HAVING purchased the interest of Mr. William , I urling, in the above establishment, we will continue the manufacture of FLINT GLASS WARE, in all its varieties, as heretofore. The stvleof the firm will remain unchanged. ALFRED B. CURLING, MORGAN ROBERTSON. Pittsburgh, Julv 10, 18-H. d'Jw. . 1 Cifi I'BS. GLUE, for sale at the Drue 10,UU Storeof 11. H. M CLI.I.OI GII, July 7. corner of Wood &. 1th its., Pittsburgh.

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