The Houston Post from Houston, Texas on August 18, 1915 · Page 2
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The Houston Post from Houston, Texas · Page 2

Houston, Texas
Issue Date:
Wednesday, August 18, 1915
Page 2
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-V, HOUSTON DAILY POST: WEDNESDAY MORNING, AUGUST 18, 1915.' k v,-r:,;rc;',". ::'-V,v "r-w ,--;N mrjiarjuTjuuuui-rri'ii-ri-i .' omwwwiwoMii EIGHTEEN LIVES IS THE "After the Storm TEXAS CITY DEATH TOLL W hnvo tlio largest and best assortment of New Grades of Rubber and Khaki Hoot for all occasions $3, $3.50, $4 and S5. See Ui for Boots. 315 MAIN Hardin Lumber Co 3700 Texas Avenue BRICK SHINGLES LUMBER IMMEDIATE DELIVERY. Phones Preston 1389-1087. Our Prescription Business Grows greater and greater the best proof that this department has the confidence of the doctors of Houston. You'll run no risk with your prescriptions, if vou seud them to Phone Preiton 161. Into my hand, teihng me to clutch them and to keep try head. After feeling the telepraph wires in my hand 1 cooled off a hit. and did what lie told me to do. although nearly costing me my life, as I turned a complete somersault before lie pot me to the telegraph pole for which I had stat ted. "Then he said. i think I will have to get a rope. 1 am going to shore and try j to get one, sliouiiiig to v alsh, wno was en higli ground to start for a rope, which he did. Jelle immediately followed Walsh, thinking he might he exhausted after his struggle in the water. 'When they got toward the shore they saw that the man with the rope had already gone away, thinking. I suppose, that t was too far gone to be saved. Walsh, knowing not what to do, grasped the coat strais from the saddle and fastening them together hy the buckles made a life line about eight feet long. Then Jelle swimailng out and Walsh following the) came out for me again, being the third time Jelle tried for me x PULLED TO SAFETY , WITH A ROPE. "When going oat aftir me toward me, bringing the rope with him. and giving me the rope, and telling me' to fasten it around my wrists very tight. He then told nie to leap from the pole and told me Walsh would pull me toward him. whi h 1 did, and Walsh I. ad a hard time pulling me because of the current being very swift. It took all his strength to get n.e on high ground. !! r ai hire high ground I was com-plelel exhausted, Jelle and Walsh having to carry me ail the way in to the shore, wlil.-h was about iOO yards. "When we got on shore our horses were gone Having thrown all our heavy clothing away we started for the neareit store to get some dry clothes and stimulants, w hich was furnished us very generously by the dry goods store in Dickinson. "We then proceeded to the Cottage hotel, where we rested up, and Burkhart was very sick from the effects of the struggle. His Ijands. which the doctor at the hote.1 dresned, were badly torn from holding on toihe telegraph wires. "We stayed there about an hour and then left for League City- and there we tried to get shelter, hut could find none, for the storm -had turned things upside down. We walked from Dickinson to League City, anl there we got news that the water was flowing over the hrldge at Web.-ter and we could not pass. .So thinking that tli- railroad tra k would be the aafest we started on toward Webster. THINKS JELLE DESERVES A CARNEGIE MEDAL. "We went along the railroad track and arrived safely at Webster. We then started along the railroad track and met many automobiles going along the trestle, and they said they were trying to get to Texas City and Galveston, and asked ua If we knew anything about the conditions In Texas City. We told them that conditions were very severe, and that it was Impossible to get anv further than Dickinson. An automobile picked us up In Webster and took us on into Houston, where we arrived safely about 3:S0 Tuesday afternoon." Keferrlng to the splendid rescue work done by Private Otto Jelle, the doctor who came up with the boys from Dickinson said: "This fellow Jell deserves a Carnegie hero medal If ever a fellow did. ' He did good work last night when ho picked those boys up from that telegraph pole, and 1 want you to print besides that ' Jelle wa the first man to swim across the channel at Golden Gate park. Yes, Indeed, Jelle deserves that medal." ,UGHl A DOSE OF NASTY CALOMEL It Salivates! It Hakes You Sick and You May Lose a Day's, Work. A Tou'rs bilious, al ugglah, constipated . and believe you need vile, dangerous caJ- emal to start your liver and clean your ; bowels. Here's my guarantee ! Ask your drug- E" 1st for a 50 cent bottle or Dodaon's Iter Tone and lake spoonful tonight. 'If u docan't . start jour liver sod .straighten you right up better than calomel and without griping or makiu tou sick 1 want you to fa back to the store arid get your monejaf Take calomel today am tomorrow you will feel weak and alcUiirid nauseated. Don't Iom a day's work. I Take spoonful of harmless, vegetable DodJtm'S Liver Tone tonight aad wake up feeling treat Its perfectly bar mi ess. so five it to your , children any time. It can't salivate, se let them eat anthing afterwards. A-d- Vou can find just the Footwear needed for such weather. Our MEN'S Low Shoes are on sale and there are sue It Oxfords as Button, Blucher or English Patterns u Patent Colt, Gunmetal, Tan Russia Calf and Vici Kid in all the very newest styles. Specially dC 40 Priced at iPJitU BUCKLEY'S "Sent Upon Receipt of Price.' PHARMACY TWO DEATHS AND DAMAGE FOUND AT SYLVAN BEACH Two Reported Drowned, Houses Swept Away and Heavy Loss Suffered in That Vicinity. Morgan's Toint suffered considerable damage from the storm of Monday night, two lives are reported lost in that vicinity. All of th.e flat land Is said to be under water and a number of houses are said to have been swept aw.y. W. C. Boddeker and L. L. Valker. made a run to the Point Tuesday. They saw many evidences of the severity of the storm. Houses were blown down, and the water had risen to a higb point. "We found n number of houF-s- that had been tot. pled over by the gale." said I Mr. Boddeker. "and many roofs that had t,een lined off. in the vicinity if Mor ga.n s l'n nt. It was our lntenttm to go oeyond .Morgan s Point, on down to Sea-brook, but we found the water over the bridge four miles beyond La Porte, and turned back. "We didn't learn what fatalities there had been at Morgan's Point. We were told that the Black family was sale, that James Black had been rescued from his place after the water had risen and cut off his escape. A. M. Brlggs and his son, we were told, had been drowned. "We came upon F. G. Reed, who, with his family, has been staying with W. T, Dwire. Mr. Keed said that they were driven out of the Hwire place at Bay oaks, witn tne L'wtres, Dy tne storm and that all of them had to wade water waist deep in order to reach a place of safety. TELEPHONE CO. SUFFERED A LOSS AGGREGATING $100,000 Situation Due to Storm Host Serious in "History of Company Half of Lines Out of Commission. According to Manager T. S. Prentice the damages suffered by the Southwestern Telegraph and Telephone company in the storm of Monday night will aggregate SlOO.OOd. and even this conservative esti mate may not cover the loss. Since about 5 o'clock- Monday afternoon all toll lines have been out of commission and there have been no circuits whatever. The city condition is the most serious In the his tory of the telephone company, about half of the 20. oou city lines being entirely out oi commission. A man was sent on the Houston and lexas central early Tuesday morning to uauas, and there is hope that a circuit will be made with Dallas by 10:30 tonight. There is very iittie probability that communication with Galveston can be established before Wednesday morning. The calls from Houston and Dallas and a tew other cities to Galveston and other coast towns from Monday noon till about 6 o'clock when the lines failed averaged near 200 an hour. In the city work is being pushed to completion, and Mr. Prentice gives it a his opinion that by Tuesday night more man nan wie iroumea lines will be in working order. With some the trouble Is In the central office, while with others the fault lies in the cable box. "The condition," says Mr. Prentice. "Is the moat serous ever confronted by us and our losses the heaviest the company has ever suffered, but we hope and believe that by Wednesday conditions will again be normal. ANQLETON WAS UNSCATHED. But Crop Loss In Vicinity Will Be a Heavy one. (Houston Pott Sprcial.) ANGLETON, Texas, August 17. Th hurricane that reached this place early yesterday, blowing continuously throughout the day and all of last night, has now subsided, with ; very little damage, excepting crops, which, will be almost en-tlrely lost. With the exception of a few barns, outhouses and awnings the town went through the storm unscathed. The wind reached lta highest velocity between 1 and 2 o'clock this morning, when it -was blowing about (5 miles per hour, with the barometer reading 276. The last of the pleasure seekers who were sojourning on the beach arrived here aafely yesterday before the storm was under way. The town is completely ahut off from the outside world, via telegraph and telephone wire. The Houston and Brasoe Valley train, due here at t:40 a. m. from Freeport and Velaaco, has not ar rived at the present writing, 4:20 p. m. (Continued From rat One.) collapse had etlmated a larger Iom of life a due to tho wrecking of thla truc- lure. Report to the affect that aa hlth aa a total ct 150 civilian and soldiers lost their lives wtmi to b In error and dua to unconfirmed rumors circulated among persons taking flight rrom lexa t early Tuesday morning- me neaviesi portion of thla loaa on the baala of the alleged iMrger figure was attributed to loss of life among the soldiers, but the orderlv manner in which the troop evacuated' their oamu under the supervision of General Bell and hla officer seem to liHe abided any material nvnMtii among the troop, despite rumors to mo on ti ir . 1!0 BUILDINGS WERE WRECKED AT TEXAS CITY. Mr. I Diodes estimates that possibly l-'-O buildings were wrecked at lexas t-lty. These for the most part were small frame residences or atrucrures and only four business structures were wrecked, he de clared, these being the Thompson building and four frame business building, which he could not identify by name. Th business and property damage at Texas City will run under $100,000, asserted Mr. Rhodes. The Thompson building alone was valued at $35,000. Louse to the Texas City refineries will approximately amount to $75,000. while the loss to the Texaa City Transportation company will approximate ."0.0o0. These losses cover damage to warenouws, iiji. etc. Total loss to the Texas Citv company and its allied concerns may rcuch as hign aa $:00.000. comprising damage to Its small shipping and other facilitlea. Colonel Moore In hia statement mentions three large oil tanks lost and the cotton compress badly damaged. He further re-1-ort damage to the pier and piers and docks, but declares that these cn be readily repaired and put in shape for utilization. WATER HAS LEFT TEXAS CITY. Mr. Rhodes further reported damage to dredges, one which he believed to be the government dredge being In oretty bad shape when he left Texas Cltv, and another, a contractor's dredge, having blown ashore. Other dredges, he .declared, sustained some damage. Two steamers, whose names could not be ascertained, lie declared had blown ashore. They were believed to be from Galveston. The storm at Texas Citv reached Its fury at ft p. m. Monday and waa violent from that hour until 10 p m.. when it abated until about 1 a. in. Tuesday, when it was again violent until ilbout Sam. During the most violent part of the hurricane bay water to a possible depth of six feet waa 4 1-2 to feet In-the streets of Texaa City. Tuesday afternoon there were a few inches of water within a radius of three blocks In Texas City, but otherwise the cltv had been cleared of the deluge. At the height of the storm refugees declared they were forced to wim in going from house to house. The rise of the water was gradual from about two feet tide at 10 o'clock Monday morning to a maximum of 12 leet at . a. m. Tuesday. BELL SAVED HIS DIVISION OF ARMY. Possible heavy loss of life among the soldiers of the United States army di vision stationed near Texas City wss prevented by the precautions of Major General Bell. At 10 o'clock Monday morning General Bell ordered the bay shore camps cleared and sent the army animals such as mules and horses of the cavalry, artillery and commissary departments inland with details. At 2 o'clock Monday afternoon General Bell ordered the camp broken and for the majority of the troops to proceed inland. About half ofr the trops sought refuge in Texas City which is General Bell's headquarters and the remainder proceeded as far as LaMarque. Thus some 1800 men ramped Monday night on the road at LaMarque. Very little if any water went over the shell road during the night where the tempo rary camp was made. At noon Tuesday General Bell ordered these to' return to Texas City, -deciding that the danger was past. Tlu? army division probably sustained a heavy "loss, not In men. but in tents, canrr equipment, horses and mules, as despite precautions, a number of the animals were drowned. Reports that General Bell had ordered camp broken and each man to look out for himself upon the approach of the water is denied. HAVE HOPES FOR CITIZENS OF GALVESTON. At Texas City hopes were entertained that no serious loss of life occurred at Galveston. Efforts to communicate with Galveston from that point were unavailing. Bodies of eight women were found washed ashore at Texas City Tuesday afternoon, evidently from Galveston. These bodies were found in a radius of five blocks and It Is not known how many might be found along the bay front. However, the situation is not like 1900 when hundreds of bodies of Galveston's dead washed ashore at Texas City and people of Texas City find much encouragement In that in hoping for the best aa regards Galveston. Mr. Rhodes declares that he is of the opinion that any heavy loss of life at Galveston on a basis of the last reports could only have been occasioned by collapse of some large building where citizens had taken refuge. He 1 confident that despite the mist from wind and wave he Tuesday afternoon perceived the Southern Pacific elevator at Galveston and the depot still standing, and the majority of the Galveston citizens not otherwise provided for should have taken refuge in that vicinity unless the couple of feet of water from the bay which reached that section of the city. Monday afternoon frightened them away. REFUGEE PARTY CAME FROM TEXAS CITY. A refugee party which left Texas City at 8:30 Tuesday morning with a wagon and team reached Houston Tuesday af ternoon. This party consists of Frank Marks, manager, for the Houston Packing company, at Texas City; J. W. Ma jor, manager for Armour's; O. A. Rattis- .. .. . . S . ... -J .... 1 . 0. I ' rt . CarvAunt cau. inaiiaBci mi '--. . - -e .- E. Myer. company H, United States en gineering corps; C. H. Tisdale and wire. Miss M. H. Cross, Melton Dorr, F. B. Kattlsseau and four small children of the Tlsdalea and the Marks. This party spent Monday night In the building of the Artesian Ice ana tjoia storage piani u-i Texas Citv. They estimate from 350 to 500 people were saved from the water by seeking refuge there. Mr. Kattlsseau declared that one man reached the building with one of his children and when he reached it found that ills wife who was taking care of another child had disappeared. Whether they were washed away and drowned or dragged into another building could not be established. The Rattisseau party were of the opin ion that a larger number of persons were drowned than the number estimated by General Bell, but confessed that they were by no means in. a position to make a definite estimate is to the losses of life. i 1 I'- NEED FOOD FOfl '. OVER 6000 PEOPLE, ' Mr. Rhodes estimates that Texas City Is at present in need of foodstuffs for 5000 people for three days, and needs this at once. General Bell Is Issuing rations to both soldiers and civilians at Tsxas City from his supplies there and will continue to do so until the supply Is exhausted, This it is feared will be within two days. The general .has asked -the war depart ment for authority to secure more pro visions, but It probably will be a week before he could possibly make arrangements to provide provisions sufficient to feed his men and the civilians. Therefore. Immediate, aid from another source Is desired. , - 1 Martial law Is belnr inforced and order maintained. Mr. Moore, in his statement, I declares that visitors will not be allowed in Texas City for tho next few days, only those who prove they can have Interests there will be allowed to enter the city. Mr. Moore further, In his statement, saya that the uncompleted government dyke at Texas City suffered considerable damage from the hurricane. SOME RODE MULES TO ESCAPE THE WATER. A few men got out of Texas City Tuesday afternoon, some by rldlnt mules, snd came to LaMarque, about half a doirn miles inland, fcarlnt the storm would continue through Tuesday night. Thcv were brought to Houston on the International and Great Northern special. Several hundred of the soldiers reached l-a.Uuiue Monday night, bringing with them horses and wagons, moat of those who got away coming across the prairie before the water got high. They were unable lo tell much about the situation. The troops at La Marque were thoroughly drenched, having been In the downpour during the night while making their escape. Many women and children were terrified and became 111 and the surgeons rendered necessary aid. Tuesday morning at breakfast In one building It was said JOS people were fed. the army men furnishing the bread. SWAM A MILE CARRYING A TWO-MONTHS-OLD BABY Sargeant Petty, at Texas City. Then Returned and Rescued Mother of Child and Another. Many brave feats were performed by soldier of the U. S. Army during the dangerous hours at Texas City, one es-.. peclally noteworthy act being that Sergeant Petty, who awam nearly a carrying a two-months-old baby, Infant of the express agent at Texas City. After landing the baby safely, he returned and brought in the mother and another older child. Sergeant Petty was formerly of the life saving station at Galveston. Much praise was given to the soldiers for their conduct. MUCH PROPERTY LOSS WILL RESULT IN INLAND TOWNS Damage to Merchandise and Injury to Cotton Crops Was Reported From Many Sections. Property damage and severe injury to the cotton crop Is reported to The Post from inland towns In this section. At Elgin, the Christian church and large warehouse of the Sellstrom Hardware company were demolished and minor dam age done elsewhere. Damage to property and merchandise at Rosenberg amounted to $3000. Shiner reports the cotton crop prac tically wiped out in that section, as Is the case at Hallettsvllle. Bastryso and Sealy. At Sealy. W. L. Gray's general mer chandise store was unroofed and his goods badly damaged' Minor property skrhage was done at Teague, Caldwell, volumbus, Flatonla, Lockhart. Yoakum and Gonzales, heavy cotton loss being reported at these places also. At Eagle Lake the fuel tank and smoke stack of the Laglv Lake Rice mill were blown down. At Waller much minor property dam- aea was done and a large corn crib belonging to W. V.. Ellis was demolished while a galvanized iron door, weighing 400 pounds was torn from his barn and carried 100 yards by the gale. TERRIFIC GALE WROUGHT DAMAGE IN HOUSTON Much Injury to Property Done by "Wind Which Struck City Early Tuesday. With people still speculating as to the fate of Galveston, their attention was early Tuesday morning called to the conditions surrounding their own city, and the prospects for relief towards morning. These conditions proved to be more serious than was anticipated Monday evening and night. But soon after midnlfht, the center of the storm, as predicted by the weather bureau, began heading towards this city and gathering momentum as it came. When it did reach here early Tuesday morning, it made Its presence felt aa never before, and for hours after midnight,' it raged, causing destruction to everything that stood in Its pathway. Before the hurricane had finally spent itself, there were hundreds of broken plate glass windows in the business dlsr trict, many ruined signs, cornices blown down, and roofs of frame buildings ripped off. Numerous accidents, mostly of a minor nature In their results, occurred during the night, but, although there were several rumors of Uvea lost, none of these was confirmed. Many times during the night the fire department was called out, mostly on still alarms, but no damage was reported. Had any serious fire ocourred, however, it Is very Improbable that the department could have rendered any assistance, as the gale and driving rain woujd have prevented their operations. As the force ofrthe storm increased in Houston, the anxiety of the people who had friends and relatives in Galveston grew apace and their inquiries became more frequent. Because communication with the Island City had been cut off early Monday night their worried Btate of mind became more Intense. In the business district there was scarcely" a street that was not littered with broken glass from the large shop windows. YACHT VIRGINIA HA& STARTED FOR GALVESTON r .vr ..' Several of Party Havs Relatives in City and Are Anxious as to Their Safety. . The yacht Virginia, belongint to the Texss Company, started , for ' Galveston st J o'clock Wednesday morning, with J. E. Farnsworth, E. L, Noble.yM. CI. Jones, H. W. Dodge. R. A. Houston,- John Garrison, wlfs, father snd mother, and F. K. Dorrence aboard. Severed In the party have relatives In that city and are anxious as to their safety, Mrs;.. Farnsworth Is there; also C. P. Dodge, fsther of H. W. Dodge, and others have friends there in whom they are interested. , IN THE RED L Jjm I I AND GOLD 'La PACKAGE gjT J j 8 MEN IN ARMY WHICH MAY BE FIGHTING AUSTRIA NOW Little Republic of San Marino May Have Declared War on Neighboring Empire, but Herbert Corey Couldn't Find Out. (Copyright. 1915. by Herbert Corey. RIMINI, Italy. July II. The 1000-year- old republic of San Marino Is at war wit., Austria or Is not at war with Austria. do not know. I tried to find out. but I was not let. How could it go to war with Austria?" laughed the Italian offloer who placed me under arrest here today. "It only'haa an army of eight men." We urged that It had been reported in the United States that Han Marino had formally declared wur against Austria, in apite of the disproportion between the two. san Marino nas dui u.uot peuyin in all. it covers but 24 square miles, and those square miles are upon the top of hill 2500 feet high, which one reacnes bv a glorified goat track. Vt'e defended Its military theory. It Is true that It ha but eight men In Its standing army. But Its detractors should not forget, we said, that It has a national guard of 60 others. The United States depends upon the same system, and in about the same proportion. ve resented ttiese jeers. Has Kan Marino gone to war? asked the ohlcer of other officers nearby. We had evidently impressed him. They shook their heads In dissent. "If It has. we haven t heard of It id they. "It is true that S00 men have volunteered for service in the Italian army. That is permitted, you know. But if it had gone to war we should have been told." SOME INTERNATIONAL ETIQUETTE UNSATISFACTORY. Our demand that we be permitted to visit San Marino opened an Interesting question of international law. We were most unwelcome visitors at Rimini. That city is In the war zone, and foreigners are prohibited. But San Marino Is an in dependent republic has been Independ ent ever since Pope Urban recognized It In 18J1 and the Italian officers were In aouot as to tneir authority to forbid citi zens of one neutral country visiting an other neutral country. They solved the promem most Ingeniously. tou can vistt an Marino," they said. 'We do not forbid you. We wish to make that quite clear. 'Unfortunately," they added, "the dili gence for San Marino does not leave Rimini until 8 o'clock tomorrow morning wnereaa we regret tnat you must take the train out of Rimini at I o'clock this afternoon. We compromised on that. They grace fully put away our compliments on the manner in which they had evaded a legal entanglement. They Insistently declined our admiration. To the vory last to the moment when they turned us over to the policeman who put us on the train they maintained that they had not In any way obstructed our quite legal desire to visit ban Marino, it was merely that we did not have the time. To conaole us they took us about Rimini In what passes in Kimini for a hack. They showed us he graves of Slgtsmondo Malatcsta and his wife, Isotto. We admired Slgtsmondo xcessiveiy. He seemed to have been the Carnegie or tne ruteentn century. 'Slgtsmondo , said trie officers, "de sired Immortality for his wife and him self. So that he created a court here to which he attracted poets and painters ana saints. POET8' AND SAINTS' BONES ACCUMULATED BY FORCE. A vary praotlcal man, this robber rhelf- taln. He held that poets who would not come should be made to come. When he heard of a- good, lively versifier a Kip ling of the Middle Ages he sent out a posse with an invitation. . It was quite Immaterial to his patron whether the poet came in happiness or In chains. It occurred to Slgtsmondo that his court would be all the better for a flavor of holiness, that flavor having been notoriously missing from the Malatesta menage for the several centuries they had held Klminl. So he' ordered his men-at-arms to catch him a mess of hermits and prophets. The current supply being unequal to this demand, he robbed various . graves and transported the sainted bones to his court. One suspects Slgtsmondo must have been a .most unpleasant neighbor, but these reminiscences redeem Rimini. Otherwise one would only remember It as a town of flat stone houses and dusty empty streets upon which a fierce white sun beat down. That is not quite aecurate. It was here, 209 years before Slgtsmondo' time that Giovanni Malatesta the Lame Eutto death his wife, Franceses, and his rother Paolo. The world Is the richer for the tragedy. ' It was on that grim tory that Dante based his poem of "Franceses da Klminl." , More .might be told of Rimini, for this Is truly mstorlo ground. It was near here that 'Caesar crossed the Rubicon, according to tradition. The stream is known as the Urgone now. Slglsmondo the enterprising, erected a stone in honor of that aehlevsment, which stone a worn and battered post still stands in Rimini's streets. In 27 B. C. the Roman government erected a magnificent triumphal A winner gets ing bat CIGARETTES EXTRA good tobacco that's why they "go so good" arch of travertine In gratitude to Augustus for his restoration of the Via Flam-Inla. The figures of Jupiter and Venus, Neptune and Minerva, still look down from this arch upon Rimini's little people. There is still turbulence in this land. Upon the house walls we saw rude scrawls of "Viva l'Kivoluzlone" which the military had vainly tried to daub out with paint. One may get in nearer touch with Caesar at San Marino. There the clocks still mark a six- hour day. as was the habit In ancient Home. There Is not a clock In the republic which shows more than six hours upon Its dial. Law everywhere Is based upon the Roman code. The Code Napoleon, still In use in Louis--lana. Is merely a modern adaptation. But in Ban Marino they are unswerving In ! their allegiance to the past. Their law la the Roman Code Itself, handed down unchanged through the centuries. DEMOCRATS IN 8AN MARINO. Unless one has completely fallen a vie-, tlm to the charms of cathedrals and auins San Marino Is the most Interesting spot In Italy. It Is the most completely demo cratic country in all fc-urope, witn tne pos sible exception of the still older and poor er renubllc of Andorra in the Pyrenees, It is the most level-headed little land In the world, perhaps. Reaflting that Its strength lies in its weakness, it refused to expand when Napoleon offered to ex tend it boundaries. It is the one remain ing survival of the Italy of the Middle Ages, when every city s was against everv other cltv. and towns were built on rocks to discouraged visits. It was of such scattered and warring and anachronistic fragments that the movement which began with Garibaldi built modern ltal-In one of his times of defeat Garibaldi took refuge there. One regrets to Rain that he was ungraciously received. The burghers of San Marino had become selfish In their freedom and feared complications. It was founded by Saint Marlnus In 36 A. D.. according to tradition. In those -days the men who wished to worship ac cording to their conscience could not be content with merely finding a place in a wilderness. It was further necessary to find a place In that wilderness which could be defended from those who worshipped according to a different formula. The rock of Monte TlUino answered every requirement. It stands 2500 feet high, with heerly precipitous aides, so that one sees it lor miles across this nat. warm iana So stiff Is the ascent that the diligence takes five hours to do the 12 miles from Rimini. In the distance one may see the rock of San Leo. Today San Leo's chief interest Is in tne lac t mat In its castle the Imposter Cagllostro died a prisoner, San Marino's authenticated history dates from 885. During those 10 centuries It has been for the most part free. Boys armed with cobblestones could defend Its ladder like approaches against men in armor. ALDERMEN GET II A YEAR. Today It is a self-respecting, self- sua talnlng republic. There are no rich peo ple in San Marino, but there are few poor ones. There are no beggars, for there are few tourists to toss pennies. Its sole revenues come from its imnort taxes, which are collected by Italy at the Italian frontier on goods imported into can Marino, anil amount to about S12.000 a year. The cosev of running Its government Is absurd. Members of the Great Council of in members are naid II a year eacn. Tho 12 members of the Small Council of 12 chosen bv lot from tne ureal uouncii, are paid no more. Even the two capltanl regentl, tne OBtensioie ruiers oi mo ro omie, are only nam w a year eacn 'hers is little cost Of maintenance for roads tnat are cut in tne roca. xne winu sweeps them clean each day. i uii yimoi ivu oan . 1 1 1 v. a v.,,-... interest Is In its political system, unless one is frankly on the hunt for the old and the picturesque. , Every man in the republic nas a vote, unce a year ine Great Council is elected. The Small Council elects six of Its IS members as candldatss for the position of capltanl regentl, and twice a year two are cnosen bv lot from the six. Their Induction Into office Is an Interesting ceremony, frankly a survival of mediaevallsm, and abound ing in sold lone and auaint processions. The' system must be held to have proven Its Worth. There are no official scandals in San Marino. Almost every one of consequence gets at one time or another during his life a chance at the chief honors. Because they axe abundantly prac tical; the Infrequent cases , at law are heard before a Judge chosen front a distance. The San Marino theory la that in so small a community no Judge could be found who might not be swayed by neighborhood prejudices. years ago some one gave nan jnarino battery of field pieces. It proved a white elephant. The gun could not be rtreri from th hill excent with he nap. talnty that - the projectiles would land upon tne territory or tneir neignoor, 'ine Great Council considered the matter for many anxious nights, and finally solved the question by giving thesguns to Italy. The standing army is m effect a police force and the national guard la merely a device to keen the standing army from too srreatly feeling its osts. If it has da. 1 olare war against Austria It waa forced MlfTMjv f;I 1 'em! if ' Favorites Have been gath in mends right off bv the thousanos ever since they hit town. Why? Easy answer: Favorites contain just thvkind of all-pure tobacco that most men like. Try them or not it's up to you. But while you're waiting to make up your mind, there are thousands of men getting a heap of enjoyment from smoking Favorites! COTTON WORMS are getting busy in some localities. Better prepare for them while poison is available. We offer PARIS GREEN. LONDON PURPLE and POWDERED ARSENATE OF LEAD, and will be pleased to have your orders. TfCAWtftNuN BON IDS Investors may now obtain long time bonds of unquestioned security to net S pes; oent to 6 per cent on the Investment. A selected list will be mailed upon request. NEUIIAUS & CO. STOCKS. BONDS. NOTES. WE MAKE YOUR TITLE SAFE Hpuston Title Guarantee Co. MINOR STEWART, President. Phone Preston 1154. Second Floor Lumbermsne Bank Blda. PATENTS Obtained and trademarks and copyrights registered. Writ for Inventor's Guide Book. Offices st 709 Kres Bldg., Houston, Texss. Phona Preston 4790. HARDWAY & CATHEY Better Be 'Safe Than Sony STEWART TITLE GUARANTY. CO. Ground Floor Stewart Bldg. The Commonwealth Trust Go. Does a Qsneral Trust Buslnssa, Handles All Kinds of Msrketable Bonds W. E. Richard, President. M. O. Hsrgravs, Treasurer, E. B. Blanton, Mgr. Bond Dept. Real Estate snd Rentals In Charge of R. O. Franks. . REOTOPRYEW.. No Orders Solicited and No Shlpmcrna ' saa in violation of Texas Lawa. by th conflict between modernity unrl an anachronism. It may have been re- garaea as aesiraoie to witnnold from Austrian fliers a neutral spot upon which they might alight and submit to Internment rather than to capture. But has San Marino this nlnnoint of a republic deelared war? We could not find out.. STORM STRUCK AT NOON, " Hempstead Suffered Considerable Dam. ' age In Monday's Storm, (Houston Pott SptcM.) ! HEMPSTEAD, Texas, August 17. The" gulf storm struck this place yesterday- afternoon, the wind blowing briskly from the north, . and increased in -velocity until about 9 o'clock this morning when the : storm center seemed to pass the wind bee oomlng clm for about an hour, then a stiff blow sprang up from the south ahdf has continued at a rate of 30 orS5 miles -an hour all day. , . So far' there has been no lo nr u. or of stock In this vicinity, although the . yi upvi u uaiimso ib saiu . to no greater than during the 1900 storm. tjr. many buildings are wholly or partially K ...... ,u,iB uis using ine Hotel oval, the ware room of a imtin. .. nlturs establishment, the postoffice build Ing, two empty one-story brick buildings, snd one end and most of the roof of the Edwards garage and blacksmith All the telephone and telegraph llnea are dawn, and , manjr of the weaker and mailer buildings, fences and ornameiaJ trees are all gone. The court house bus. talned damage to the amount of 1600 to $10,00. ., ' i sssa i ii i v ter building. Phone Preston 172. fAdvjilU i 3 ?!

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