IB JIFBB ATtnVM i - .« to*. Afeft Mi tew «. M*feH «« TEXAS: ' WMMr ft**ttnt *h*w*f« MM ud Blent) Mil* M»y*ntt«re «&••»*. I'm* _HO*At mtterwl thtudmtmu te ««tt«n» «Mt Tn«*dar. FuU Wit* Auockted PYCM and Wide World News Service (AND THE DINNER HOftN) FINAL EDITION INf i ay IN* I r i r mi WH' II Uj Iff XI ana f VOL. 73 NO. 2<6 PARIS, TEXAS, TUESDAY AFTERNOON, MAY 12, 1942 EIGHT PAGES ESTABLISHED 1M» Nazi Attack In Crimea Repulsed By Red Annies Day And Time By W. N. F. Nazi Push Begins flWHCATION FROM THE Rus, ij*n front is that the Nazis have launched their long-waited o£~ iauive. If this is the case, the decision may not be long coming on the European battle lines, for it is generally conceded that Hitler-'must defeat Russia this summer or face dafeat himself. Soviet communiques on the fighting are to the effect that the push has been halted, at „ temporarily. The Nazis, on tether hand, claim that many Idrons of dive bombers are attacking Soviet positions tie Kerch Peninsula. , The Nazis are driving toward -the Caucasus oil fields, for it is oil which Hitler must have if he JHf to continue his war against the world. One opinion often heard is that unless he can get to this oil by summer, he will indeed be finished so far as a continued aggressive war is concerned. It may be some time before the true picture of the battle in the Caucasus region can be told. This is not unexpected, since with so inany men involved in so many 'different sectors of the battle r area, it would be manifestly impossible to get an accurate picture at this stage. Too, there may be a great deal of see-sawing in this engagement. The Russians know this is Hitler's do-or-die push, and that he will throw everything possible into the fray in an effort to crush the Red Army. Therefore the Russians have not been caught asleep. They are ready for the best Hitler has to offer, and the battle may rage for a long time before t'ither side can call Itself the victor. Tliis is why there may be much see-sawing. With so much strength on both sides, it seems inevitable that there will be advances and losses; attack and counter-at- i^tack. A stable front will be. of F course, out of the question. Such a front disappeared, in fact, when ihe Nazis began their blitz tactics of break through, encircle and annihilate. Joseph Stalin has readied his people for this battle, just as he readied them for the German invasion. How well he has prepared, only he knows. This goes for the British and the Americans, too. As a matter of fact, Stalin has been more than silent on his plans and other items which would be of interest not only to his enemies but to his friends as well. For instance, no one knows how many men the Soviet has under arms, or how many it has trained in various stages, awaiting the call to the colors. No one knows haw many factories the Soviet Ur.ion has producing war materials, what they are making, or in what quantities. Certainly no one knows where they are, Stalin seems to proceed on the theory that the only safe rule where valuable knowledge is concerned is to keep it to yourself. At any rate, he is doing this. The Nazis are claiming that the drive has been marked by the introduction of new and improved weapons. The Russians have charged that the Germans have used poison gas shells in the Crimea, and Prime Minister Churchill has taken occasion to f \varn Hitler that Germany will be attacked with poison gas bombs if Germany uses gas against Rus|: sis. ; The Nazi claim of new and Improved weapons calls to mind the • so-called "nerve-gas" and other j' fictitious new weapons which the 1 Germans used against the Emden ; fortress in their push across Belf gium into France. Perhaps the I Nazis have deigned to call poison i gas a new and improved weapon. : It may be improved, but it is not f new. 1 Naturally the civilized world hopes the Nazis have not resorted to the use of poison gas against the Russians. From that front it would be just a step for the Brit- jsh to carry it against the German people, as Churchill has warned. And then Germany would carry it to the jam-packed cities of Britain. Next the Japs would begin using it against the American and British forces in the Pacific area, and this in turn would force the use of gas by American forces, as a protective measure. Then the world would have a picture of horror and death, with the principal sufferers being not the men at the front but the civilian population back home. «^ In all likelihood such Axis attacks would be directed against the home front in an attempt to break morale and cause a collapse of armed resistance. It wouldn't do this, of course, but the Axis likes to try this sort of tiling, and cares not one whit for who suffers so Jnog as its armte* push ahmd. SCOUT - OBSERVATION PLANES IN PRODUCTION Ready for delivery to the U. S. Navy are these Seagull (SO3C-1) s c o u t-observation planes lined up outside the Curtiss - Wright Corporation's Columbus, O., plant This i» the first authorized publication of pictures of the planes designed to serve as "eyes of the fleet" Adaptable to wheels or floats, the Seagull can be launched by catapult from cruisers or battleships. , Gas Company Franchise Ordinance Is Protested Lane Corley Presents Proposed Amendment At City Council's First Reading Monday Proposed ordinance which would grant a 25-year, non-exclusive franchise to the Texas Cities Gas Co. to operate in'Paris, which was read for the first time at the regular meeting of City Council Monday night, was protested by Lane Corley, 102 S. 31st. Corley protested the adoption of the proposed ordinance and then presented to the Council a proposed amendment to the ordinance. Following lengthy discussion of the protest .and the proposed, amendment, Council, on motion of Alderman J. R. Young, seconded by Alderman T. C. Hodges, placed both the proposed ordinance and Corley's amendment suggestion on the second reading at the next regular meeting of Council, which will be June 8. Pay City $75.000 As provided by the proposed ordinance granting the franchise, Texas Cities Gas Co. would pay the City of Paris a total of $75,000 for the franchise and as a rental charge. This amount, according to the ordinance, would be paid by the company as follows: $15,000 cash, and annually thereafter, in advance, $2,500 for length of franchise. Other major provisions of the ordinance are similar to those in the ordinance passed last year which granted a new franchise to Texas Power and Light Co. These major provisions include: Franchise is non-exclusive; is School Children Aid In Campaign Begin Clean-Up Work Tuesday After Delay By Monday Rain Work of Paris school children on the clean-up campaign now in progress, delayed by the rain Monday, was scheduled to start Tuesday afternoon, it was announced by Frank O'Brien, chairman of the principals' committee of the clean-up campaign. O'Brien and other civic leaders Tuesday urged all citizens of Paris and the areas just outside the city limits to join in the campaign to rid the city of rubbish that might contain water and so become potential mosquito breeding nlaces. Ward Prork. city sanitarian Tuesday pointed out that weed cutting is an important phase of the mosquito control 'work and reminded Parisians that the weeds in the city's vacant lots and alleys have grown rapidly recently as a result of the heavy rains. Property owners should cooperate with the mosquito control project by cleaning their lots of weeds. Prock said. Dr. E. Goolsby. city health officer. Tuesday reminded citizens to place all rubbish they collect from their houses and yards in the street curbings so trucks can collect and dispose of it. School children will aid householders in the rubbish clean-up if desired, as well as cleaning up" the city's vacant lots and alleys, according to O'Brien. Workers Numbers The following work classification numbers are the last called at the field office of the U. S. Employment Service at the Fair Park Coliseum: Wnite laborers: 10.S81. for 25 years; is subject to all provisions of the city charter; city retains right at any tune to alter, reform or amend any provision or right in ordinance; company given the right to use all streets , alleys, highways and public places to supply gas to general public in Paris; company is liable for any personal injuries caused by company's negligence; company must use modern safety equipment in general use in 'the state; city, after 30 days notice of intention, may cancel franchise if company does not comply with any or all provisions of ordinance; on expir- See COUNCIL Page 2 Col 5 Women's Army Corps Approved Senate Passes Bill For Auxiliary; Now Goes To White House WASHINGTON, W) — Legislation authorizing establishment of a Woman's Army Auxiliary Corps was approved by the Senate Tuesday and sent on to the White House. Responding to pleas of Senator Austin (R-Vt), the assistant Republican leader, for speed, the Senate approved, 38 to 27. the women's army bill previously passed by the House. Before passing the measure the Senate rejected, 37 to 26, an amendment offered by Senator Maloney (D-Conn) which would have restricted service to the corps to within the boundaries of the United States. The measure would authorize establishment of'a corps of up to 150,000 volunteer women to relieve soldiers from many noncombatant duties. General Marshal, Army chief of staff, has informed Congress there were many jobs that women could do better than men, including detailed work in the air raid warning services. Hitler's Spring Offensive Is Hard To Gel Underway In Other Years, He Got What He Went For By Blitzing BY »E VPITT MACKENZIE Wlde*WorId Ww Analyst The heavy German attack In the Crimea probably represents an effort to drive an enterina wedge to enable Herr Hitler to embark on his delayed spring offensive' through the gateway, to the Caucasus where lie the seas of oil on which he yearns to float to glory. The four-day-old battle is still under way, but the business-like manner in which the Reds reportedly have flung the enemy back in the early stages is a further demonstration that the Muscovites are swinging into this critical year with great striking power. This is the third time within recent days that the Bolshevists have displayed their readiness t;< deal with emergencies, projected German attacks in the Ukraine and Leningrad sectors having been upset at least temporarily by lightning Russian thrusts. The Reds' persistent attacks against the uneasy German lino throughout, the winter, and their ever-ready counter blows at Nazi insurgency, certainly are makine the going tough for Herr Hitler's spring drive. The fuehrer is ready for the race (well, he says he ??. anyway) but the Russians just won't give him time to dig in his spikes and get a good start. Third Spring For Fuehrer This is the third spring for which the Nazi chief Jias prepared offensives, and always before this he has got into action with the first flowers and the earliest birds. He hurled Germany's massive weight onto Norway and Denmark on April 9 two years ago. Last year he struck on Ann] 6 at Yugoslavia and Greece. This year here we are at May 12, with summer already trying to crowd out spring, and the fuehrer hasn't yet fired a big gun in anger, so to speak. These Red tactics of beating the German offensive by not lettin,.- See MACKENZIE, Page 3, Col. 4 Reinforced Japs Make New Attack On Yunnan Front Previously, Chinese Had Driven Column Back To Frontier CHUNGKING, China, (&> —The Japanese have brought up reinforcements and are making a new attack on the Yunnan front 'in Western China, a Chinese com- munique announced Tuesday night. • This followed an earlier report by a Chinese military spokesman that the main force of the Japanese invasion column which had struck deep into Yunnan from Burmajhad been driven back to the frontier town of Wanting but that heavy fighting with Japanese rearguards continued in the Chef- ang and Mangshih areas, 25 to 55 miles inside Yunnan. Arrival of Japanese reinforcements apparently again converted the guard into an" advance guard. Other Chinese forces which had been by-passed in Central Burma, continued their advance in which they captured Maymyo and drove to the outskirts of ruined Mandalay, moving northeastward in an effort to block the Japanese retreat. On the Salween River front in the Shan states of Eastern Burma, another force of Chinese which struck from near Loilem were facing the Japanese across the river. All these Central Burma forces are commanded by Lieut. Gen. Joseph W. Stilwell, N. S. A. The government spokesman said he applauded Prime Minister Churchill's warning to Germany against the use of poison gas and said China might invoke a similar warning to Japan. China has previously charged that the Japanese have employed both poison gas and bacterial warfare against their armies. The spokesman said the Japanese had reached Kalewa. 145 miles northwest of Mandalay, after a northwesterly advance from Mandalay. He said the Jap- j anese were attempting to encircle Chinese troops in that section. Jap Transports, Tanker Are New Allied Targets Nippon Still Paying For Coral Sea Battle As Fliers Track Down Remnant Of Armada WireFlashesFromEverywhere By The Associated Press LONDON.—Casualties in the British empire's armed forces for the first two years of the war were 183,550, of which 48,973 were killed. Clement Attlee, Secretary of State for dominion affairs, disclosed Tuesday in reply to a question in the House of Commons. WASHINGTON — Private cars of Congressmen wen designation as essential Tuesday, entitling the lawmakers in the House and Senate to an unlimited supply of gasoline under the government's rationing plan. LIBERTY. Tex. — The State Highway Department continued to convoy traffic on Highway 90 through the flooded Trinity River lowlands Tuesday, but officials said the slowly rising water may force closing of the Houston- Beaumont route at any time, LONDON — The German occupation forces in the Netherlands executed Tuesday 24 more alleged lenders of a Mcret anti-Nazi organization, bringing to M the number of Hollanders shot for alleged complicity in a plot to pave the way for an Allied invasion. the Netherlands radio announced. The 24 were charged with espionage and possession of arms. BLANCHARD, Okla. — Frar Army fliers from Will Rogers air port base at Oklahoma City were killed and two were injured Tuesday in a mid-air collision of '"'<"> bombers four miles northesat of here. The planes were part of a formation of three which was on a routine flight. MOSCOW. — The Tass news agency reported Tuesday in a Stockholm dispatch that representatives of the German naval general staff had arrived at Toulon, France's great Mediterranean naval base, where Admiral Jean Darlan, chief of French armed forces, was said to have arrived Monday. WASHINGTON. — A United States military striking force of nine million men is being considered in Washington legislative Police Break 4 Criminal Cases Almost 12 persons Arrested, Detained, For Questioning Almost a dozen persons have been arrested or detained for questioning during the past five days as members of the Paris Police Department broke four criminal cases. Charge of receiving and concealing stolen property was filed Monday in Judge Berry A. Davis' Justice Court against Clifton Peterson, who waived examining trial. His bond was set at $1.000. The charge was filed as a result of the recovery of practically all of the property stolen recently from the Paris Junior College workshop. The property was valued at about $400. Search for others implicated in the PJC burglary is continuing. Two youths and a man have been detained for questioning bv police and the County Attorney's office concerning their alleged participation in a recent theft of a bicycle and two truck wheels, tires and tubes. The bicycle was stolen from C. S. Allen, 202 N. Main, while the truck wheels, tires and tubes were stolen from the auto parts yard of Leonard I. Gillis. 68 N. Main. Police Tuesday morning arrested a local white man accused of having stolen $50.39 Monday night from « Lamar County man. Investigation of the affair was in progress Tuesday morning. Meanwhile, the County Attorney's office was questionine six Paris white youths accused of having broken into the home of Mrs. Mr.ry C. Johnson, on Hishway 271 just east of the city lim- ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Australia. (/P)—Japan apparently still was paying a disastrous price Tuesday for her defeat in the Coral Sea as General MacArthur's headquarters announced that Allied fliers tracking down the scattered, hiding remnants of the great enemy invasion armada and other units had damaged two, and probably three, more ships. This raised the count of Japanese losses in the six-day battle in the sea gateway northeast Of Australia and in its sequel, a ceaseless search of island hideaways, to 23 or 24 ships in the eight days from the start of the Coral Sea battle through Monday. Nevertheless, Japan's plans have only been delayed and the threat still hangs over Australia that she will try again to smash southward, Air Minister Arthur S. Drakeford warned. Two more enemy transports— casualties numbers 22 and 23— were hit Monday in the Solomon Islands, which enclose the Coral Sea on the north, a communique from General MacArthur's headquarters announced. The possible 24th Japanese casualty was a large tanker on which, the communique said, air /aiders registered two hits or near misses in the Deboyne Islands of the Louisiade group, a cluster of tiny islets in the Coral Sea off the southeast tip of New Guinea. An Army spokesman said the Louisiades definitely were not occupied by the Japanese, explaining the enemy had landed a few stores and supplies from boats and planes but apparently no ground forces. _ The only enemy actions mentioned in the communique were two apparently feeble air attacks, one with slight damage to an airdrome at port Moresby, the Allies' New Guinea stronghold, and the other, with no damage, on an airdrome on Horn Island in Torres Strait between New Guinea and the mainland. It was also announced that Emperor Hirohito had granted an imperial rescript to Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto,. commander in chief of the Japanese combined fleet, for having "crushed heavily the American-British fleet." See POLICE, Page 3, Col. 1 3 British Destroyers Sunk By Nazi Bombs In Mediterranean LONDON, UP) — The British Admiralty announced Tuesday that three Britsh destroyers had been sunk by Gorman bombs in the Mediterranean. The destroyers xvere the Lively, Jackal and Kipling. More than 500 officers and men from the three ships were saved. Complements of the three ships were believed to total about 600 officers and men. During the attacks British Beaufighters destroyed one of the Heinkel bombers and damaged at least seven, the communique said. Hull Indicates I). S. Ignoring Vichy Attitude Implies That French Government Is Not In Martinique Deal WASHINGTON, W—Secretary of State Hull indicated Tuesday the United States was not particularly interested in whether a French government headed by Pierre Laval recognizes or does not recognize any agreement which may be reached with the French high commissioner on Martinque. Hull was asked at his press conference whether it was true that the collaborationist chief of government in Vichy had notified the United States he would not recognize any arrangement for the safeguarding of Martin^e unless it was submitted to Vichy for approval. The secretary replied he had nothing on that subject excepl to say that this government was not undertaking to follow any phase of the MartinqUe itself. Suspense and uncertainty were injected into the question of Martinique and other French overseas possessions Tuesday by the sudden decision of Chief of State Marshall Petain to cut short a riveria vacation and hasten back to Vichy. State Department officials said they had no information which would shed light on Petain's move, but in other quarters it wa; suggested that Axis powers migh be exerting pressure on the Vich> government to undertake some desperate action in retaliation for ! the Madagascar occupation and what they called the American "threat" to French western hemisphere possessions. It was recalled thai; pro-Naz Pierre Laval's sudden return to power in Vichy a month ago was accompanied by reliable reports that he was considering a gran- doise campaign to "reconquer' (presumably with German assistance) the French colonial possessions now in British and Free French hands. There still was no official wore of the reaction in Martinique to the American proposal. Dr. Bentley Named Dean Of PJC Succeeding Newton Search Underway For False-Whiskered Bank Robber MATHIS. Texas. f/P>—A widespread search was underway Tuesday for a false-whiskered bandit who robbed the First State Bank of Mathis of approximately $6.000 at the point of a blue- barreled gun. The man forced three employes to lie on the floor Monday after a fourth handed him a pastoboard box crammed witli S10, S5 and SI bills. Cashier J. W. Nelson said. He then ran out the back door and fled in a pickup truck. DR. IMOGENS BENTLEY Selection of Dr. Imogens Bentley as dean of Paris Junior College to succeed J. H. Newton, who has resigned, was announced Tuesday by Henry P. Mayer, j president of the school board. j Dr. Bentley. who joined the PJC faculty 'in 1934, is the only teacher in the Paris system hold- i ing s Ph.D degree. A graduate ' of Paris High and PJC, she received her BS degree from F-ast Texas State Teachers College and MA and Ph.D degrees from Peahody in Nashville, Term. The ne\vly-<-iPc1ed dean started teaching in First Ward School here. Dr. Bentley also taught •ev- J. H. NEWTON feral years in Paris High before j joining the English department a (the college. ! Dr. J. R. McLemore, president ; of PJC, said Tuesday Dean Nevv- i ton will continue to teach the remainder of this term and the first j six weeks of the summer semester j before retiring. Dean Newton asked the school board for retirement under the state teacher retirement plan. After serving more than 20 years as superintendent of Cooper schools, Mr. Nowton came to PJC Jin J929 and was made d«an in 11932, Frustrate Drive Toward Caucasus Rich Oil Fields Soviet Dispatches Say Germans Were Trying Offensive By ROGER ». GREENE Associated Press War Editor Russia's armies were reported Tuesday to have crushed a big- scale German attack in the Crimea, frustrating a Nazi drive to- wafd the great Caucasus oil fields after four days of heavy fighting. Soviet dispatches said the Germans apparently -were trying to develop their first full-fledged 1942 offensive. A bulletin from Adolf Hitler's field headquarters said German and Rumanian troops, supported by strong Nazi air force units, opened the attack on the Kerch Peninsula last Friday. "The battle since then has been in full swing," Hitler's headquarters said. A Berlin broadc?st quoted a German military spokesman as saying the Crimean action -was "the first great offensive operation since the winter defensive." While a Soviet mid-day com- munique reported that "nothing important occurred last night," indicating that the German assault had stopped at least temporarily, a Berlin military spokesman declared: "Hell has been let loose over the Bolshevik positions In the: Kerch Peninsula." "Squadron after squadron of German planes is racing over the Bolshevik front, where Junker* 87'g are carrying out dive-bombing attacks." German sappers and infantry were said to have landed behind Russian lines under fierce fire. Germans Quiet Berlin military quarters acknowledged the importance of the Kerch front but shied at describing the new action as the start of a German spring offensive. * Military advices reaching London said the German onslaught collapsed against the Red Army's stubborn defense and that counterattacking Russian troops drove the invaders back into their original lines with heavy casualties. German infantrymen still held an advanced point in one sector, it was said, but now are being fiercely attacked by the Russians. London military qusrters said reports that a German army of 2,000,000 troops had launched an offensive on the Donets River front, in the Ukraine, were "completely unfounded." Commenting on the Kerch Peninsula battle, a British spokesman said the Nazi thrust may have been at least the prelude to a major offensiv-s because "the .Germans realize they must clear the Kerch Peninsula before advancing from Taganrog on to Rostov." A German communique indicated that the Russians were attempting to land sea-borne reinforcements to check the assault, reporting that German planes sank two Soviet transports totaling 5,000 tons and several small vessels in attacks off the Kerch Peninsula and off the southeast coast of the Sea of Azov. A Nazi broadcast said the drive was marked by the introduction of new. improved weapons. In this connection, Tass, the Soviet news agency, charged last week that the Germans had used ooison gas shells for the first time in the Crimea: and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill sternly warned Hitler in his broadcast Sunday that Britain, would attack the Reich with poison-gas bombs if Germany used gas against Russia. The London Star Tuesday published a Vichy news agency dispatch quoting Bucharest sources as declaring that a new type of German land mine had deceived the Russians into believing the Germans were using poison gas. Actually, the dispatch said, the new-type explosive "causes a considerable decrease in pressure and neutralizes oxygen in the air over a radius of 300 yards." A Gorman spokesman again denied that Hitler's armies hid resorted to this outlawed form of warfare, asserting that the coming battles would prove the Germans needed no gas. Shepherd, Texas, Hit By Tornado. Hail j HOUSTON, Tex. r^*:—Virtually I every house at Shepherd, s town I of about 350 population in San ' Jacinto County, was damaged and horses and cattle killed by R tornado and h!>!'s*'"> 7 m fh*t hit the village at 4 a. m. Tuesday. Sam Davidson. Justice of the peace there, told the Chronicle. Alfnoup'i !">me persons were j iniured slightly, no one was t*- | ported killed. Damage was estimated by D»- ivid5on at * J.
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