-, 8-AI0on«i (la.) Upp«f Dti Moln*r Thurtday, Sept. 19, 19S7 fle$ ubme$ ~ CHANC1S ON THE FARM Chances are growing ever smaller that " Iowa's farm boys will find opportunities on the farm when they reach farming age, say Robert Osterbur, Iowa State College farm economist. The number of farms in Iowa and in the United States has been decreasing for several years. Mechanization and labor-saving equipment have caused farms to grow larger and fewer in number. Normally, Osterbur points out, more people are born and raised on farms than are needed to replace those who leave the farm. Some of these "extra" people have to find jobs off the ; farm. This situation interests n o t only farmer! and future farmers, but also educators, govern» ment credit, extension and soil conservation agencies, and others connected with agriculture. Research is currently in progress that is • Intended, to shed more light on what this situa- • lion will be in the future. • For instance, In Clarke County, Iowa, there were 1,281 farms in 1950, but by 1955, there -were 1,146, a-drop *>f 135 farms. By taking ; several factors into account, such at increasing farm size, decreasing total acres of farm land, movement of farmers to cities, retirement and death of farmers, etc., predictions for the future of Clarke County farming have been made. By 1975, it is figured there will be 819 farms in the county. This is a decrease of 462 from 1950. During this period of decrease, 1,105 farm boys will reach farming age in Clarke County. Of these, only 431 can expect to 1 become farmers. This is about two out of five. The other three will have to find work off the form. The Clarke County estimates also indicate that the average farm size, which was 215 acres in 1955, should be a little more than 399 acres In 1975. Of course, Osterbur points out that these figures are estimates based on certain conditions. If these conditions change, the actual figures will change, too. Also, the calculations do not include the increasing numbers of part- time farms and farms used primarily as places to live. These are causing a gradual, though small decrease in t h e amount of commercial .farming land. * * * , LEGISLATING RACE PROBLEMS The entire controversy centering on civil rights and integration of schools, could well make us pause and inquire — can we legislate solutions to race problems? Living in this area we face none of the problems around whjch the civil rights and school integration battles hinges, however. Originally there seemed to be an attempt on the part of some states and their representatives to sit in judgment upon other'States where »»lhe problem is more serious. But even while the debates were going on, it developed that civil rights and school integration was not a problem for the south alone. Northern cities and communities all of a sudden found that they, too, had problems. The north has been interested politically in the Negro, but to put it bluntly has cared little about him economically. Sometimes th^re is a point where national legislation cannot solve local problems. Perhaps the matter of school integration is one of them. Left alone, the south has been gradually working out its own solutions and with a minimum -of trouble in the process — less trouble we might add than has appeared in Washington, D. C. and Chicago and Levittown where the same national legislation also applies.' The do-gooders In Congress meant well. But there is a big difference between passing a Jaw in Washington, and having it work out in actuality in every other area of the nation. Sometimes local control and local solutions are • far-more practical than anything Washington ;can legislate.. I 111 E. Call Street--Ph. CY 4-3535— Algona, Iowa Entered as second class matter at the postoffice * at Algona, Iowa, under Act of Congreif of . March 8. 1679. , : * ^^~l"^ - n-mrr~i — •~nni.ni. • »i « m ;_n , , .u,... .j. .,..„.,... j...j. - j.^ T _ n _.j_^___ ir _^. r . r . "-•— . Issued Thursdays in 105 1 * By •SUB UPPER PBS MOINES PUBLISHING CQ, '„ _& JJ.WAUA& Managing C. S. EI&ANPBB. Advertising Manager i la RATES Uf KQW/TH CO. RATS* OUTUIPB XOWUTH MM ttw* e ^^™»ff^WipBTW iMwP TOPBIP t Jplp SpWll f'v<**»*-iifp"*»«<p***T—**«» 4$9 AJIB SQUMTV WBWWAPBH ADVERTISER WAKES UP A major motor company, whJeh Had been using TV advertising extensively, recently decided to find out how beneficial its millions pumped info the TV programs were, and made an astounding discovery. A 10-city survey was conducted in which 2600 TV set owners were queried within 30 minutes after five top shows went off the air. The first jolt was that only 10.3 percent of the owners had seen even the shows in question. Thus, with only 270 viewers to question, the company got another jolt. It found that 31 percent admitted they left the room during the commercials. Then they foOnd that of those remaining in the room, 23 percent more could not remember a single detail of what they had seen or heard on the commercial. Thus out of 2600 set owners with which they started, the auto firm wound up with a few over 100 viewers who retained anything of the TV message. The big TV spenders will learn what many longtime merchants have known all along; no one walks out of the room when the local press Is delivered, and no one can read the complete paper in 30 seconds. * * * GONE FOREVER Waseca (Minn.) Journal — When a radio or television program leaves the air it is gone forever. There is no chance to go back and review what has been heard and seen. A friend may tell you of a new gadget advertised on the air but he cannot refer you to a picture or descriptions which you can peruse at your leisure. They are gone forever. Division is a factor that must be weighed when considering the coverage of this medium. The family cannot view a certain program on channel 4 or 5 or 10 or 11 without eliminating simultaneous programs over the many other channels. Thus many of the commercials are not only gone forever, they cannot linger in the minds of people who never heard them. Thus Advertising Age has prepared some statistics on the people who don't watch TV: Ed Sullivan, 62.8 per cent do not watch; Bob Hope, 67.3 per cent do not watch; Groucho Marx, 60.2 per cent do not watch; Badge 714, 84,5 per cent do not watch; Dr. Hudson's Journal, 79.3 per cent do not watch; Dr. Christian, 85.3 per cent do not watch and Golden Playhouse, 84.7 per cent do not watch. ,., v These are the top shows. Those down • the scale probably have 90 per cent or more who do not watch. Like Editor Pie Johnson of Blue Earth cays: "If the Blue Earth Post and Register reached only five or ten per cent of the homes in the trade area, local merchants wouldn't even speak to us." TRIBUTE IN FAREWELL » t ' Whiltemore Champion — Hundreds of friends in this community are sorry to see Rev. .Wm. Veit and Rev. Gerald Zensen leave Whittemore, for these two gentlemen have been very popular among members of their parish as well as with all citizens in general. After having served his church for so many years and because of ill health, Rev. Veit felt it was time he should retire. His popular sport is fishing and perhaps he will spend more time with the rod and reel. Rev. Zensen's hobby is photography and has a full equipment to-take and finish pictures of the finest quality. He also organized the Little German Band, has played with the town band, is an excellent after-dinner speaker and is witty in ad- libbing. While Whittemore will sorely miss Revs. Veit and Zensen, we feel sure they will be received with great welcome in their new homes. STRICTLY BUSINESS ADLAI WAS RIGHT , Indianola Tribune — It's still a little early for Adlai Stevenson to laugh over the Eisenhower Administration's willingness to suspend nuclear bomb testing; as yet it isn't entirely clear that the tests are going to be suspended or on what terms. But Adlai is entitled, at least, to a good, broad smile. In the course of the campaign last autumn he recommended stopping tests and was roundly denounced by Mr Eisenhower, us, and others for endangering the nation's safety to win votes. Mr Stevenson retorted by saying he favored continuing experiments with rockets and other missals intended to deliver the bomb; all he wanted to do was to stop scaring people and poisoning the sir with deadly radiation. If Russia should break an agreement to stop the experiments, he said, we should know about it promptly through our instruments of detection and could resume our tests immediately. The Presidential election is safely in the background. The votes have been counted and Mr Eisenhower is in office for another four years, returned by a margin of historic proportions. Adlai Stevenson is abroad, his political future devoid of promise. Nothing is to be lost now in conceding that he was right on a major issue of the last campaign — the danger to the. health and the lives of millions of people from the fallout arising from continued tests of nuclear weapons. Among those who scoffed at the dark foreboding* of Mr Stevenson was President Eisenhower. Perhaps he was under the compulsion of political "The pheasant, filet mlcrnon and sqwiS are all fine, madam—So are the thai guards I'm wearing, itr!" GO KOTGRBA — NIXON LOSING FAVOR? — the other day he had asked the A strange, quiet shift is takfhg President to be relieved... place in the White House attitude Sen. Estes Kefauver's investi- toward Vice President Nixon/,, gative committee will scwjn look It may be the beginning of a into possible "excessive profits" political avalanche that could "of farm machinery firms, smother Nixon's chances foi 1 Junketing senators and con- presidential nomination in the gressmen will spend an estimat- Republican party in 1960. ed $2 million this year on them- Recent developments: selves and families .., But the 1. President Eisenhower has' expenditures will remain secret become more chummy with Sen. from he public. William Knowland of California,,, the avowed opponent of NixorT for presidential nomination. 2. The President is pained by . Nixon's private criticism of Ike's » } wishy-washy stand on Civil Rights, the federal school cons-, truction bill and other matters. 3. An old, close friend of the President, Alfred Gruenther — whose philosophies don't always coincide with Nixon's — indicates he may be interested in the* nomination. FROM' THE FILES OF THE 4. The overthrow of "Modern ALGONA UPPER DES MOlNES Republicanism" in the recent Wisconsin election d a m a g e.djc Nixon's prestige the President's — thus conceivably hurting Nixon's chalices [ isidency, should he be I ... Republican SEPT. 23, 1937 *. * * al Burl, badly Elza Woltz car Sunday Ella town, ran into the 5. Polls over the country indicate a rising popular appeal the two au , tos were diminishing appeal for Nixon. The fact remains, though, that Richard Nixon is the smartest, farmed ._. __ , suffered a severe injury to nil back Mpn- forenoon while plowing mains: Can these overcome disfavor be? lugs on the tractor wheel hit him in the back, tearing two ribs HIGH COST OF TALK-Pres- 1O ° Se fa ^ bac . k ' . sure from the grassroots may A transient, William Gleason. force Congress to outlaw fill- was sentenced to 12 days in jail busters next year... ner e Monday night on a charge Economy - conscious constitu- O f larceny. He was apprehend- ents have raised the roof over ed wni i e trymg to steal mer . the cost of Sen Thurmond's re- chandise from the Chrischilles cent 24-hour talkathon... It fill- stor e Annex Friday during the ed 96 pages of the Congressional county fair Record -v at a cost of $7,776 to *j * * the taxpayers in printing costs Another transient. George alone .., Allen, received a 10 year sentence °— after entering a plea of guilty to 'EMPTY' SAVINGS — Presi- a charge of robbery in district dent Eisenhower said his budget court. Allen held up the Deep was cut only $1 billion by Con-. Rock station here Sept. 2, was jress and will ask the lawmakers arrested in Fort Dodge, and tried 'or the approval of "deficiency" in short order. Appeal bond in bills to cover this amount. the case was set at $3,000, and Congress has no alternative Allen taken to Anamosa to serve but to pass them... Thus, with the sentence. A buddy, not all the hullabaloo about eco- i named, who was also in on the nomy, there will have been no' holdup, decided to fight the aving to the taxpayer... MAN IN THE~HQT SEAT Surgeon General Leroy Burney case and the matter was to be "taken up by the grand jury. * * * Here's a gem that ran in the to do so, however, between October of last year and June of this year he has seen the ominous issue in a new light. .» * * Most feUa wilt prob«Uy live through ttw Asian flu *pid*mi< - if tk* warning* eioyt it haven't scared them to death. * * * II evtryen* follow* Ike'* advise te *p»fld ma j>ut$ spare change in g vote, say it will be a ease of "a penny is a penny urned." will be the scapegoat if an Asian TJDM which had been clipped flu epidemic doesn't materialize from a Kansas newspaper—The this fall or winter. '•* men who do a town more harm It was his decision to give nix than gpod may be classed as fol- otrug firms the go-ahead for all- JOWJB; 1. Those who oppose inv- out manufacture of the new flu prbvement; 2. Those who run it vaccine -.. This, then, commit- down to strangers; 3. Those who ted Burney to launch a so-called never advertise their business; "scare" campaign to assure ade- 4;, Those who distrust public- __._A_ _. _ * "« JL I__ _'_- .'.. . _ «. . * . quate sales of the vaccine. spirited men; 5. Those who show If the flu epidemic fizzles, no hospitality to* anyone; 6. Burney will be blamed for Tho*e who hate to see others overplaying the danger of the make money; 7. Those who op- germ in order to "cover up" his pose every movement that gamble with the drug firms. doesn't originate with them- IncidentaUy, this writer has selves ;8. Those who put on long authoritative information that the faces when strangers speak of vaccine is only 89 per cent ef- locating in their town; and 9. fective — not 60 per cent as "of- qphose who oppose every public ficially" claimed. enterprise which does not appear """Q**" of personal benefit to themselves. MANAGEMENT PROBE — How do you, as a resident of With an eye toward the 1958 your community or town, shape congressional elections, the U n after answering each of the Bemocrat'Controlled rackets com- nine charges? mjttee, will aim its big guns in *, * * g few weeks against big man- "Sawdust" the Chesapeake dog agement which favors the Repub- of Dr, and Mrs A. W. Amunson, Jiean party. Ex was poisqned for the second y, the committee — time within ten days this week fcy Sen. John McClellan and died Monday night. His life Of Arkansas — will look into was saved the first time, but the "unethical" measures used by person who had a grudge against management to keep employes the dog, or maybe all dogs, suc- from unionizing . . . ceeded the second time. - Secretary . ,„ bwf jowl, Her round o| Agriculture E*ra Benson again or'«m steak, ?7c; dried beef, pines to leave the Cabuwt -. -Only *0c *pM*i*e; r miBoed ham, I8e; Ufrfi's vaisteftee that he stay has dean bacon, 38c; coffee, 19c; kept him on...Benson revealed fancy sweet potatoes, 4 Ibs. 15c; tokay grapes, 3 Ibs. 23c; an<3 a bushel of fine Jonathon apples for $1.29 were Just t few of the food specials foelnf dffwed in local stores. Behind The Movie Sets wrrtt BtJODY MASON Hollywood, Calif.—We expect to learn many things about teenagers, and their problems, in the near future. As any- newspaperman can tell you, if you .find yourself on unfamiliar ground, your best authentic source of information is a recognized expert who specializes in that particular field. You may get an answer to a legal problem from a general source of information. How- eve'r, a professor of law can ex* plain that law as it applies to a specific case, or cases. He is thoroughly familiar with a sub* ject he has studied for years. * • • Which brings us to ihe "teen* age problem film." Let's say that current box-office receipts indic&te a marked public interest in this type of film. A producer may purchase the best teener script available at the time, if it has a large entertainment potential. However, the writer, lacking proper time for extensive research, may have based his story on premises that lead to interesting, but faulty, conclusions. * * * For this reason, we are looking forward to viewing an offbeat production produced and directed by William F. Claxton for Regal Films, to be released through 20th Century-Fox. The ititle of this feature is, "Young and Dangerous." If anyone is qualified to turn out an excel-, lent juvenile delinquency offering, it is the talented and versatile Mr Claxton. In the many fine pictures he has made on this subject, notably for the FAMILY FILMS series, Mr Claxton has researched the topic from every possible angle. As for his ability to be completely authentic and yet turn in highly entertaining screen-fare, this series alone should attest to his qualifications. • • * • Made to the exacting specifications of the Missouri Synod of The Lutheran Church, the Claxton-directed segments of this series of visual sermons are so entertaining that they could exciting action easily be released as top-fiotch " "•' '" '"• •"" "•"":• • theatrical entertainment. Furthermore, these pictures were shown to the nation's foremost juvenile authorities, receiving their praise for authentic presentation. Better still, they were created with such s y m p a t hy afid understanding that institutional showings to groups of delinquents won their enthusiastic appreciation and approval. Fronl our humble viewpoint, this amounts to making the outcome of a baseball pennant race pleasantly acceptable to the fans of EVERY competing team! Add id Shis pre-es.tabliih«d background a generous production budget and a cast composed of Lili Gentle, Mark Damon, Ann Oorah, Eddie Bihns, Danny Welton, Ronald Foster, Dabbs Greer, Frances Mercer, George Brenlin and William Stevens. And, since past performance plays an important part in any favorable prediction, we note the fact that Wm. Magginetti is the associate producer while cinematographer John M. Nicholaus, Jr. is director of photography. Just to cinch our peek into the Mason crystal-ball, we find that many members of Mr Claxton's present crew, including assistant director Clancy Herne, were with him when he made his finest pictures. DAVIS Gourmet STOVE MAT ft PLAQUE To tell you more would tip you off, completely, to our system of picking winners! Suffice it to say that we've placed "Young and Dangerous" high on pur tiny list of films that we MUST see. Surely, an open-minded, factual approach to the heart of our nation's number-one social problem is a constructive step forward. The very nature of juvenile delinquency ties in 'to Tat,, and Monday Limit—l ptlr to * Customer • pete ftrami M? end fcMtrtlfot! Mafcw e practical sjeve or table mat and dee- orativa waft plaque all In en*. Pair Includes one mot with table of watghft and measures and on* with lablt of meat cookery. 7 by 7 inch site. Beautifully lithographed on metal—injulolive backing. Recessed hole provide! easy hanging. DAVIS PAINT ASSOCIATE STORE *• 1957 NATIONAL DAIRY CATTLE CONGRESS. manufacturer*. WATERLOO, IOWA i** 1 .'• •' ' Jr •** L. . • . A TK • .*'•• i--* * -ssrssrs. . :. stt m UBUIOUS . . '; DANCING WATERS, Direct from New York's Rndio City •**" ,,,nki ^ Mutic Hal1 ' 2 ihow8 J EXPOSITION ^ daily: 3 p.m. flt 7 p.m. ^r Gate admission 50c; children under 12 free* Hippodrome Show: Gen. Adm. 7Set Re*. Seats $1.50; Box Seats $1.75 MORE IOWA PROSPERITY Few people realize how much the brewing industry is helping to boost our Iowa prosperity these days, / | In three items alone; the industiy Is pouring over $83,300,000.00 per year into this state, These items include $30,471,000,00 in Iowa payrolls,, $27,500,000,QO in general business costs, and $25,362,798,00 in taxes, In addition, our farmers' incomes are boosted by Mejhuge volume of grain purchased for the making, of beer. All this added wealth flows "steadily into the stream of our Iowa income—reaches out into every part of the state, to benefit all of us, Year in, year put, every county and community can feel the benefits as the brewing industry Continually adds to Iowa's growing prosperity, . helping to build Iowa (/ United States Brewers Foundation«-low« Division-8H liberty Bldg., Des Moines EWr: '
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