Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana on October 4, 1896 · Page 9
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October 4, 1896

Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana · Page 9

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Sunday, October 4, 1896
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THE JOURNAL. GOV. JOSIAH GROUT. NEWLY ELECTED EXECUTIVE OF GREEN MOUNTAIN STATE. Ua II»« a W»r Record, Al»o On* ut the M»r, »nd H»» l.atMy Sflcome a S CfOifal Farmer—Ho IVai One" a WMt- •ruer. OSIAH GROUT, the newly elected governor of the Green Mountain state.was borr. on a Vermont farm May 2S, 1842, and spent his early years in the laborious pursuits incident to the life of a farmer's son. He attended district school in the winter and later went to an academy, where he was pursuing his studies when the war of the rebellion broke out. He went to the front at once, enlisting as a private in Company I of the First Vermont cavalry. He was elected second lieutenant when the company was permanently organized. April 1, 1803, he was made a captain and the same date was seriously wounded In action. He still carries the bullet ho received in that battle. In 186-4 he raised a company for the Frontier cavalry regiment, organized to repel the St. Alban's raid, and was JOSIAH GROUT. appointed a major of the regiment. At at the close of the war Major Grout returned home and resumed the study oil law Jn the office of his brother. General Grout. He was admitted to the bar in ISC",, and practiced law in partnership with his brother in Barton, Vt, at the same time assisting in editing the Barton Standard. In 1S75 oc moved to Chicago, where lie practiced his j$'ofes- sion for three years. He then moved to Moline, 111., and was elected supervisor of Rock Island county. He declined a proffered nomination to run for congressman and in 1880 returned to Vermont, settling with his fa'mlly in the I-IInman homestead, where his wife was born, in Derby. After leaving Chicago Mi-. Grout abandoned the practice o£ law and turned his energies to farming. He owns one of the largest farms in Vermont. He was elected to the legislature in 1S72 and 1874 and the latter time was chosen speaker. After his return from the west lie was again sent to the legislature in 1SS4, 1SSC and 18SS, serving as speaker the last two 'terms. He was a state senator in 1892 and has been vice-president and president ot the Republican League of Vermont. . Mr. R. B. Zimmerman, of Warren, has what is probably the highest swing In Texas. The frame Is made of pine logs seventy-eight feet long, which are set in the ground eight, feet, making the swing seventy feet high. The cross piece Is six by six Inches, heart, and is fastened to the top ot the . upright pieces In such a way as to be as strong as If the frame was all of one piece. On the north side of the swing is a pole forty-two feet high, at the top of which is a pulley". 1 ' The, person who wishes to swing is 'straped in, if he or she desires, and then takes hold of one end of rope, the other end of which is run through the pulley and fastened to a team of horsen. The horses are started- off and the swinger Is pulled to the top of the pole. When the top Is reached he drops the rope and is at once launched into space, sometimes going as high as 100 feet on the opposite side from the pole. One turn at the swing is generally enough to satisfy one for that evening. Since the erection of the swing Mr. Zimmerman's house has become a resort every evening for the young people of War- Ten,' and parties, 'frequently. come from Hyatt and other neighboring towns to enjoy an evening In "the swing."— Dallas News. ^ __ Him Donii't OlijiM;f. T.he summer girl aaya that one to sixteen is about the ratio of the- number of klwes a man asks for compared to what he takes— but she doesn't say this coroplalnlngly.— Somervllle Journal. TREE THAT SPLIT A ROCK. A BotRiilcul Siuupion or California Cruckeil » HaulUer. The wonderful force of the roots of growing trees Is demonstrated on a hill in Mill Valley, where a laurel tree has split a huge boulder into three pieces. The tree is of the type common in many parts of California, but there arc several queer things about It and its surroundings. The place where the tree grows is a most unusual one for Its species, which naturally requires considerable moisture. The fact of the tree taking root in a barren rock Is also unusual in California, on account of the long, dry summers,during which young sprouts usually perish unless there is considerable moisture in the soil. The exact location of this botanical curiosity is a few hundred feet east of the trail to the top of Tamalpais. The general appearance of the tree is most unusual and undoubtedly it Is very old. At first glance it looks like an oak, but a most unusual one. The upper branches fire twisted and turned in all directions and a largo portion ot. them are-dead. In reality the tree looks like those In the Dore illustrations of Dante's "Inferno," An examination of the tree and Its surroundings shows that the boulder Is one of the largest stones in the vicinity and cannot weigh less than 500 tons. The location of the tree Is almost exactly in the middle of the stone and about five feet from the end of the split. This ritt in the rock is about fifteen Inches long and at one end is only a few inches wide. At the end where the tree Is it Is at least three feet. To prove that it was the tree that caused the split there Is a crack in one of the halves of the boulder showing that the force of the growing roots wa« so much that it cracked the rock where it could not movelt. Miss Eastwood, a botanist of the Academy of Sciences, gave as her opinion that the strange natural curiosity was the only one of its kind in tho state. She says that in all her studies she has never seen its like here, although in localities where there are summer rains tho phenomenon Is not unusual. And yet .even under tliose conditions she never heard oC a laurel growing as the one in Mill Valley does. In Miss Eastwood's opinion there must have been a small rift in the boulder to begin with. Possibly it was • tight enough to hold water. In the "fall of the year- the- seed of the laurel blow into it and in the spring of the year came to lite. The walls of the rift then acted as sunshades and also kept tho water from being evaporated too rapidly, so that the young shoot was able to struggle through the long summer until the winter rains came. Or it may bo that there was an unusually rainy summer that gave \lic tree Us start In Hie. After the tree was a year old It was enabled to take care of Itself, and then showed it« ingratitude to the rock thai had protected it.—San Francisco Call. 1 BEN, WEYLER'S INHUMAN TORTURE OF NEUTRALS IN CUBA, 1 ZANZIBAR'S NEW SULTAN. Molinniinitil l>ln Seyvl'l Serin, to Suit thn iHl.Tiii Population. Hamond bin Mohammed bin Seyyid, the new sultan ot Zanzibar, is a puppet that will fall in with any suggestion the English government of the islands has to make. He is better suited to the purpose o£ the British conquerors of the country than Said Khalld would have been. The latter entertained odd notions of being a real sultan, and the British do not like real sultans. Dispatches from the Island say the people If there is anybody who believes that Spain is entitled to the slightest dlp- jlomatic consideration or is to be regarded as a civilized nation, he should go to the town of Sagua la Grande and ride thirty miles southward to the ruin 'of the Oyalita plantation, which was the scene of the most horrible of all 'the atrocities that have taken place in 'the island of Cuba since the accession Jof Gen. Weyler. I At Oyalita, in the latter part of February, the forces of Quintln Bandera skirmished with two Spanish columns under the command of Col. Arce. The Insurgents took up a position about the j'lngenio," or sugar mill, of the Oyalita plantation, and retired southward, after having inflicted a heavy loss on •the Spanish troops. As soon as the insurgent column had marched away from the "ingenio," the Spanish infantry made a general charge on the sugar 'house and its surrounding buildings. There were no less than twenty- three "paciflcos," innocent-non-com- batante, plantation hands and their families, employed on the estate. The foreman was M. Bernardo Duarte, a French citizen, brother of the proprietor. i On the approach of the Spaniards M. Duarte locked himself in his house, a small, two storied "frame building,-lay down on his bed and wrapped himself disintegrated by the flamea. The other, bodies in the pit were reduced to charred' skeletons. The negress and her child'had' evidently been the last 'thrown in. There were other bodies, they told me, in the- debris of the central part of the building, which had fallen in, but I had not time to look for them. I was also told that the bodies of two other women and two little girls were thrown into the burning cottages and entirely consumed. Beneath the "ingenio" there is a collar, where were the furnaces that heated the great iron sugar boilers. There was also 'a little bakesmop in this cellar, I went down a short flight of steps to .the chamber where the furnaces were, and here .1 found the remains of a Chinaman, one of the coolies employed about the place, perfectly preserved, in a mummified state. I examined the body very carefully. There were wounds of the machete about the back and legs, as though he had been driven into the cellar, but none of them -was fatal. The body was writhed in intense agony and the face fixed In an expression of extreme horror. Parts of the clothing were einged, and there was every indication that the man .had been driven into the cellar locked In, and forced to die from the'-heat of the burning ingenio above. The flesh was turned to parchment and each muscle and line of facial expression was intensified by .suffering. In the little passage that led to the bake shop lay the body of another fore this cyclone of wcuk, dirty, blood thirsty little Spanish soldiers? The case of the Duarte estate ha: been presented to the French consul and prompt riisavowment of the assassination of M. Duarte, with a comfortable solace to the nearest of kin, is likely to follow. On the 2d- of May I rode -with the force of Major Manolo Menendez neai the town of Soledail. At evening we passed by a little hamlet of half a dozen houses. The peasants recognized us as Insurgents and came out to meet us In great excitement. This was their story: The Spanish guerillas of Las Roda.s had passed through the town that morning and, linding no insurgents to fight with they halted before the house of Desiderio Vida, a man of thirty, who supported his mother, his wife and a family of small children by his labor as a farmer. The captain of the guerillas entered the house with three of his men and addressed Vida in the presence of his family with abuse and profanity. "Thou art a Mamblse. Come, scoundrel, tell us what thou knowest ot tho Mambises." Vida protested that he knew nothing. Calling him a traitor, a shameless one and a Mamblse, they dragged -him from his house and took up their march, leading him, arms tied behind him, off among the cane fields until he was lost to sigut of his home. His neighbors dared not follow, and there -were no witnesses of his murder. Desiderio Vida was led from the roadside into a little grassy arroyo or gully. Here he .was cut down and his body was left, to be found, after the departure of the guerillas, by bifl neighbors. He had been buried already when I got there, but. I saw the place where lie fell, tho hollow in the tall grass, and the blood that stained the plants as thickly as w.hen you have slaughtered pruches irom uic isiuuu *i? me iituirn. r,» a ~--. — 0 -—• - . n-nii. are pleased with tho new sultan, which small children were di'hen from their to quite easy to imagine, Inasmuch as i houses ana cut down in «™ *™ the sultan has nothing to do with the people or the people with the sultan. The inhabitants of Zanzibar were pretty well convinced by .-the recent bombardment that whatever the English thought good would be best tor them, •Whole fields of tobacco In Kentucky, abandoned •b*car,8* of HAMOUDV'-'TH'E NEW SULTAN. ind Mohammed bin Seyyid willdoubt- ess rule acceptably to the people and the British war ships in the bay. Tlie Wooillnndi of Kiironn, Russia has 503,000,000 acres of forests. In Sweden and Norway the for-, est area covers 62,000,000 acres; in Austria, 45,000,000 acres; in Germany, 34,000,000 acres;, in Turkey, 25,000,000 acres; In Italy. 14,000.01)0'acres': : In Switzerland, .1.700,000 acres; In France, 22,000,004 , tcres; in. Spain,. .8,000,000 acreiy *nd -in 'Great- Britain., '' •t-ra*. ''' ' ' /n the French flag. The troops burst in the door, dragged M. Duarte outside and cut him to pieces with their machetes on his own doorstep. The Hag was soaked with blood. An indiscriminate, slaughter ot the plantation hands and their families was now begun. Men, women and ta) manner. The "ingenio" and all the surrounding buildings, the storehouses and the cottages of the plantation ne- groes, wore set fire to, and the bodies of the victims, dead or dying, were thrown among the flames. Only one escaped, a Chinese coolie,- who succeeded in making the woods near by with six Mauser bullet holes in him. i This is the story ot the Oyalita massacre, as it is told without variation by peasants of the .neighborhood. None of the "paciflcos," as I have- it from officers who werd there, took part in the skirmish between the troops and the •insurgents;'.but. lay,'overcome with fear, in their houses as long as the firing continued. ! On the 6th o£ May I rode with the cavalry squadron ot Col. Robado and MaJ. Saenz over the field of the massacre. It was a hurried ,y'isit, for a column was then after us, and I could de- 'vote but thirty minutes to a study of jthe remains that still exist of the butchery. The sites of the cottages and outhouses • were gray heaps of ashes. Of the sugar house itself, a tin. roof still remained, covering- a mas« of ruety "machinery and charred timber. 1 In the tract underline groat driving wheel I cbnrite,!' the- charred remains of seven of the victims; uppermost of all, wedged between, the wheel and the masonry, Uy the body of .a negro woman, with a baby in her arms. .The clothing had been -burned'away, but the charred flesh remained, with a portion of her leather slippers. Of the body that had been., most exposed to the flames the bones were visible. The. negress lay In an almost natural position, clasping the infant tight to:.ner> breast with a hugging, clutcWng'.em- : brace- that death had, only'InteiiJiiaed. .The bodr «1 the child was? but little the- ground until he was Insensible. He was brought to by tapers lighted and stuck in his nostrils and ears, and then put to death by nameless tortures." In riding over the- island, through Matanzas, Las Villas and Camaguey, I have always inquired for the latest Spanish atrocities. The answers have always been: "There w.ere four pacifl- cos shot outside of the towns two week* ago," or "Last.month ten men were shot," or "The guerillas cut down old Jose So and So, and left his body by the high road." It would be a fair estimate to take every town in the island of Cuba that is big enough to have its name on tlin map and count It. as having ten pacifl- cos murdered without cause by Spanish troops or guerillas to its credit, I have not counted 'how many townships there are in the .island of Cuba, but I know these murders if estimated or taken account of, if that were possible, would make an astounding number. These murders are all on the head of the present captain general, before whose time they were almost unknown,. G ROVER FLINT. HOW ALLSPICE GROWS. Somctlitnr About the Be»nllfal Fime«to Tree. The pimento or allspice tree is cultivated in the West Indies and Jamafca. This beautiful tree usually grows to * height of about thirty feet; it has a straight trunk, much branched above, and covered with a very smooth brown bark. The leaves vary in size and shape, but are always of a dark, shining green color. During the months of July and August the tree is in full bloom, the blossoms consisting of Tery fragrant, small, white flowers. When a new plantation of pimento trees is to be formed, no reuular sowing or planting takes place, because It is next to impossible to propagate the young plants, or to raise them from eeds in parts of the country, where they are not found growing spontaneously. Usually a piece of land is selected either close lo a plantation al-. ready formed, or in part of the wood-' and where pimento trees are growing: in a native state. The chosen piece ot land Is then cleared of all wood except these trees, and the felled Umber is allowed to remain on the ground for the purpose of protecting the very young )imento plants. At the end of two years the land-is .horoughly cleared, and only the most- •igorous pimento trees and plants ar« eft standing. The plants come to ma- :urity In about seven years. In favorable seasons the pimento :rop is enormous, a single tree often ,'ielding a hundred or more pounds of the dried spice. The berries are picked vhilc green, because, if left ou the tree intil ripe they lose their pungent taste ind are valueless. The green berries are exposed to the sun for a week or .en days, when they lose tbeir green color, and turn a reddish' brown. When perfectly dry they are put in bags and casks for exportation. The odor and the taste of the pimento berries are thought to resemble combination of those of cinnamon, nutmeg and cloves—hence the familiar name "allspice."—Philadelphia Times. •Chinaman with a gash of a machete) in the back of his head. His expres- '($^ sion and t-be contortion ot his body were similar to those of the first, and distinctly indicated that he must have , died under the same conditions. On / L the floor by his side lay a paper scorch If) of the loaves of bread baked for the"*,/ settlement that morning. Though wound in the back of the head wasj, deep and sonic stains of blood re-l mained on the floor, it was evident that \ •he had died by the torture of heat. Three months had passed, and these bodies had dried without the slightest • trace ot decomposition.- They probably 'remain to'this day in as perfect'a state as when I saw them. Among tl^JBPWttty yards from the ingenio I found the corpse .of a laborer who had attempted to escape. His head was completely severed from the body, and the clothing, such as remained, bore traces of machete wounds 'ar.'.l were thickened and stiffened with dried blood. The shoes and hnt had been removed, evidently by poor people living in the neighborhood, wlip '<lo not let such relics go to waste.. Another "pa- .eiflco," I was told, lay in the cqkes -nearby, but 1 did not have time to^ok for him. ........ . ... - - \ 1 saw the grave of M'. Duarte and that. of hia secretary, for t-be Spanish officers had had the decency to bury them near the ruins of their, cottages. The remains of eleven of the twenty-two victims were as-I have described them, and will so. continue until the Spanish government sees . fit to remove them, or so long as the Insurgent government preserves them, as a relic of the. ;mediaeval barbafiam of the war. . ;. , ; ;Can you place .yourself in tn« ; posi- ' tlon negro LTll ' M*- >*»»*» i »flF"*™"™~" —. *-* .' • . •••'-•• ,. ( - . .,• Can you ,im'a'gine yourself falling'be- •onr;le«,;to a.rope. a bullock. His hat remained. There was a cut in the brim an inch from the band where the first stroke of the machete had fallen. It must have cut Ills shoulder. With the next blow the crown was pierced, and ^Jj$jjj$ o£ clotted blood remained, sops**? 1 dry, when I saw them. The peasants told me that Desiderio Vida had no less than a dozen wounds on his 'body when he was picked up by them, and that his left arm wae nearly severed from his body. This is but one of the many murders so frequent In .all parts of the island that they have ceased to attract attention or comment. Here are the details ot another horrible crime, as they come to me in a letter: "A mechanic at Hyde Park, the sugar plantation of Mr. Fowler, the British consul, was said to have furnished the insurgents at the Mayari ar- ,eenal wJth a receipt for a bath to bronze a field piece. The guerillas from Clenfucgos passed by Hyde Park, took the.mechanlc, and, suspending him by - • • ' his head on JfJoxvrr ()?<:oratlon. There is a fashion this summer fo* massing sweet-peas of one color when hey are used for house decoration. At _ recent tea, the library and reception room of the -bouse where it was given were set about with large cut-glas* bowls of white, of pink and of lavender. Nasturtiums and coreopsis lent their flame-like colors to the smoking room, and the tea table was crossed with broad bands of pale-green satin ribbon with large bows at each end. WhH« flowers with -ferns were used. At another tea an immense bowl ot Iav« ender sweet-peas was in the center at the table, and broad lavender satin rib. bon laid near the edge of the table. and encircling it, was caught here and . there with bunches of maiden hair ferns and pe;is. A charming arrangement seen at a breakfast given on a wedding anniversary was effected by, using many fruits. Plate dollies were used on a bare mahogany table i:ud each one was encircled by a wreath of cherry currants with green leaves. In the center of the table were ptaquej of foreign and domestic fruits surrounded by flowers uud leaves. At each corner a green pear bearing the date of tho first wedding and that of Uw anniversary was placed. The date* were exit on the surface of the./i'idit.—• New York Evening Post. & ! Colored Wtn.lom. "Uncle Rasbury, do you think married people are the happiest?" "Why, dat ar' depend altogedder bo*; dey enjoy demselves."—Washingto* Times. ^ ^ A Pity. Speaking of hog cholera, Miss Blunt: remarked the other day, as she bum . to the gtrap: "What a pity It couldn't H*nh Mntenee. • A prisoner In New York got clove* years in prison otber d»y for stealing $2. - ; .''•". ,: "•;';

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