The Upper Des Moines-Republican, March 4, 1931 NO TAX REFORM BILLS YET PASSED THE LEGISLATURE IOWA GENERAL ASSEMBLY RECESSES WITHOUT HAVING ENACTED TAX REFORM MEASURES. Des Moines, Iowa, March 2.—Friday noon, February 27, the Iowa general assembly recessed until March 9th, without having enacted into law a single one of the tax reform measures recommended by the joint legislative committee. The nearest approach to an enactment is the increase in the Inheritance tax, which passed the senate and house, but with amendments ny the latter, which make action by the senate again necessary. It is expected to bring a million additional revenue to the state. The senate passed the county assessor bill by a narrow margin, but the house has not yet acted on it, though M has been amended and recommended lor passage by the house committee, out is liable to meet defeat in that body, according to those who claim to know. The income tax bill, carrying a three fer cent corporation tax, passed the house by a substantial majority, but has been in the senate committee for a week, and the committee last Thursday voted to recommend the measure tor passage, but with forty-six amendments, and It will not come up for dls- eucslon in the senate until that body meets again March 9th. Amendments proposed would reduce the tax on corporations three per cent to two per •ent, and raise the exemptions of single persons from $1000, as proposed by by the house, to $1200 and of married persons from $2,000 to $2,400. Amendments would also make change in the allocation of taxes on foreign corporations and exempt dividends from taxation, as well as dividends upon which tax is paid at the source. The tax on personal incomes is left the same as voted by the house—one per cent on the first $2,000, two per cent on the next $2,000, three per cent on the next, Jour per cent on the next and five per cent on all above $8,000. Many predict that the income tax bill will meet with defeat in the senate and county assessor bill in the house. There are members of the senate who say they will vote against the income tax bill unless the house passes the assessor bill, and vice versa. The bill to tax gasoline filling stations was defeated, and neither house ttor senate committee have even recommended for passage the amusement or bill board tax which were calculated to raise an additional million or two of dollars as state revenue. 20 Bills Become Law. A total of 737 bills were introduced In the Iowa general assembly before it recessed last Friday, 519 being introduced In the house and 318 in the senate. Of its 419 bills the house has passed 92, and also acted favorably on 21 bills from the^senii^^p&ft ' ably on seventy! ia that body and 21 from tne house! or 81 In all. Governor Dan Turner has signed 18 hills, eleven of which originated In the senate and seven In the house. He has four senate and five house bills In his office that were not signed when the legislature recessed, and eight more are In the hands of the enrolling committee, making 17 bills passed by both houses and not signed at time of re- •ess. Two measures went direct to tee secretary of state, not requiring tee signature of the governor, the constitutional amendment bill and the one •xing date for the special election. Suit to Test Amendment. As briefly mentioned in this letter last week H. U. Matthews of Ottumwa an employee of Representative Simmers of Wapello county, has nied suit to enjoin Governor Turner and Sec- fretary of State Greenwalt from calling the special election to vote on the feroposed road bond constitutional amendment. The plaintiff alleges that the estimated $300,000 cost of submitting the amendment woluld work a hardship Upon him as a taxpayer: that the amendment resolution was in violation of Article IV, Section 4 of the constitution in that It denies the state of Iowa a republican form of government by suspending executive and judicial powers with respect to amending the constitution; that it contains eleven separate amendments under the guise of one; that it violates the federal constitution by depriving individuals of then- property without due process of law; that It constitutes a proposed general revision of the constitution by means of other than the required revision by constitutional convention; that is provides for suspension of the entire constitution for a temporary purpose and for an indefinite length of time; that it contains numerous inducements to the voters for suspension of the constitutional debt provisions In violation of Article VII; that it attempts to provide for the Improvement of highways in Nebraska; that it proposes an amendment containing within itself a repealing clause; that it replaces beyond the power of the people authority to amend the constitution for indefinite time in the future. The petition further sets out that Mr. Matthews and all other tax payers would be injured by the calling of the special election, which it is alleged would cost $300,000, and declares it an unlawful expenditure. The plaintiff is an employee of the Simmers Oil Company of Ottumwa, and is in fact but a figurehead in the case, the real instigator of the suit is Leonard Simmers, who lead the fight in the house against the adoption of the law providing for the voting on the amendment. Simmers is himself a lawyer and will be one of the attorneys for the prosecution, assisted by Allan Herrick and W. B. Sloan, Des Moines attorneys. Owing to the fact that Attorney General Fletcher gave the house an adverse opinion on the constitutionality of the amendment, he has asked to be excused from appearing for the defense, and Attorney H. H. Stipp, of Des Moines, one of the seven attorneys who signed an opinion answering Fletcher, and declaring the amendment constitutional, has been employed to defend it. Trial of the case will be started this week in Des Moines, in the Polk county district court, before Judge Halloran. It is expected that the case will be decided and an appeal be taken to the state supreme court the latter part of April, and a decision by the higher court is expected by June 4th, enabling the sheriffs to give proper notice of the election before June 16th, the date set for voting on the amendment, if the supreme court holds it constitutional. Opinion is divided on the outcome, but many think the law invalid, and some doubt the validity of the law under which the case is filed. Annual Salary for Supervisors. Senator Irwin, of Clinton, has in" J " fixing an annual sal- a?(Tl75 l r-'-'VVr,-<!.r' ,**»** **»**•&. W»4 CUllJUtU. PIU- plyi, instead of per diem allowances for members of county boards of supervisors. In counties of less than 40,000 population he would fix the salary at $1500; between that and 50,000 population at $2,000 and over 50,000 population at $3,000, and cutting the mileage allowance from ten cents per mile to six per mile. Another bill debated hotly in the senate last week would fix the mileage allowance for privately owned cars used by public officials at Six cents, excepting sheriff^. After several hours of debate this measure was returned to committee for further study. $25 per day and exepnses, when the state had available men for that purpose Just as capable at $10 per day. The investigation promises to drag along for weeks at big expense to the state. The battle was over an amendment by Senator Stoddard of Woodbury to limit the first appropriation for expenses to $5,000. To Give 4-H Clubs Help. An amendment offered by Representatives Ditto of Osceola county and Mead of Howard county, and passed by the house last week, would permit county fairs to use state aid money, now used for purchasing grounds and buildings, to promote boys and girls club work. This applies only to counties having fairs. Another bill, not yet acted upon, would give state aid to Four-H club achievement days in counties without regular funds. Economy Measure Deferred. Representative Felter's bill proposing a reduction of the salaries of all state officials and district judges to the basis of two years ago, before the 43rd general assembly gave the secretary of state, auditor of state, treasurer of state, attorney general, secretary of agriculture, secretary state fair board and the district judges an increase of from $500 to $1000 each, drew warm debate last week, and action was finally deferred recess. The Warren claimed that present economic conditions demanded economy and said there had never been any dearth of good candidates anxious to accept the position at the old salaries. Representative McCaulley of Calhoun county warmly defended the raise in salary and stated that salaries in Iowa were lower than in any other state in the union on an average. In view of the general assembly's stand in retaining their own expense allowances they are not likely to cut the salaries of other officials. / Governor Demands Economy. Governor Dan Turner last week called to his office the heads of all departments of state government, and the house and senate committees on appropriations, and put it squarely up to them to find ways to reduce expenditures in all departments, stating that it was imperative that they work out such economies of operation in the various departments that taxes may be lowered. The heads of all departments, on motion of Senator McDonald, of Cherokee, were asked to report back some cuts in their budgets. Governor Turner pointed out that the appropriations asked were larger than ever before and said they could not be allowed, and suggested it might be necessary for the legislature to make "arbitrary reductions of from five to ten per cent all along the line." Tills is in line with a bill introduced by Representative Elliott of Scott county requiring all tax levying bodies in the states, including county supervisors and school boards, to make five- pter, cent • reductions; in their-leszies-_f£i£_U}a—n^wfc—two- or three years. It is how likely that a fight will be made to cut down appropriations for new buildings and repairs at state institutions to the limit, with a strong probability of an attempt to reduce the salaries of the teaching staff and officials at state schools. Governor Turner in a broadcasted speech Thursday night said the Elliott bill for reductions by all taxing bodies was Criticize Hiring Chicago Sleuth, Large crowds -tally attend the Investigation of charges against the State University ot Iowa, being con- dicted by a joint senate nnd house committee. Frequent clashes between attorneys for the committee and the state board of education, and between members of the committee and attorneys keep the interest at fever heat. Friends of the University charge the investigation has taken ihe form of a "prosecution" rather than an investigation, and a red hot debate took place In the senate last Thursday afternoon over the bill to make an appropriation to pay the cost of the Investigation. This was caused by a charge by Senator Wilson of Polk county, that the committee, In secret meeting, had hired a Chicago detective used by the Cedar Rapids complaining witness, at POOR COA WONT BURN UNWILLING CREDITOR! SIMPLY ROAD PROJECTS FOR COMING YEAR Township Trustees Met with County Board on Last Thursday. ROADS ABE TO BE IMPROVED & GRADED. Trustees and Board Acted as Board of Approval for the 1931 Road Construction Program. The township trustees met at the court house with the county board of supervisors last Thursday and acted as a board of approval for the 1931 road construction program. The following Is the list of roads to be improved: until after the South Sections 4 and 5, Greenwood, county member two miles. West sections 22 and 27, Grant, two miles. South sections 29 and 30, Union, two miles. West section 8, Union, one mile. South sections 16 and 17, Ramsey, 2% miles. West section 20, southwest section 17, Portland, 1% miles. West section 20, 22 and 32, Wesley, three miles. South sections 6 and 7, west sections 8 and 17, Prairie, four miles. South sections 31, 32 and 33, Hebron, three miles. West and southwest section 27, west section 34, Seneca, 1% miles. West South sections 11 and 12, Whittemore, 2 miles. West sections 17, 20 and 29, LuVerne, ?.% miles. South sections 21 and 22, west sections 21 and 22, LuVerne, three'miles. South section 16, Wesley, one mile. West sections 10, 15 and 22, Cresco, 2% miles. West sections 10, 15, 22, 27 and 34, Lotts Creek, 5 miles'. South section 5, Buffalo, one mile.' South sections 23 and 24, Penton, 2 miles. South sections 5 and 6, Burt/ two miles. South section 30, Fenton, one mile. South section 2, west section 12, Fenton, two miles. West section 25, Irvington, one mile. West sections 22, 27, and 34, Sherman, three miles. West section 4, south sections 5 and 6, Swea, three miles. t sections 39 and 32^-Kagle, two sectio'n 3, Swea one mile. West section 13, Swea, one mile. South section 27, Swea, one mile. West section 36, south SW% section 36, Grant, west EH sections 1, 12 and 13 Harrison. West sections 13 and 24, German through 25 and 36 Ramsey, west 1 and 12, Portland, south 1 Burt, south 5 and 6 Portland, through 11 and 14, south SWA, 14 and south 15, Plum Creek. West SW& 16, west section 21, Burt, 1% miles. Roads to be Graded. West section 34, Irvington, west sections 3, 10 and 15, Sherman, four miles. West section 8 Irvington, one mile. West section 5, Cresco, one mile. West section 19, Cresco, one mile. West section 31, Cresco, west section 6, Riverdale, two miles. South SW'/t section 17, south section 28, 29 and 30, Riverdale, 3H miles. South sections 19, 20 and 21, south SWM, section 22, Garfield, 3% miles. Through sections 26 and 35 Plum Creek, two miles. West sections 8 and 9, Plum Creek, one mile. Through section 35, west sections 24 and 25, Union, 2^ miles. West sections 8 and 17, Wesley, two miles. South SE',i of section 1, Ramsey, south section 6, German, 1% miles. West sections one and 12, Lincoln, south sections 34 and 35, Hebron, four miles. South sections 7 and 8, Hebron, two miles. South sections 21, 22 and 23, Springfield, three milos. West sections 21, 28 and 33 Ledyard, three miles. West section 15, Grant, one mile. North section 11, Eagle, one mile. North section 7, Eagle, one mile. South sections 1, 2 and 3, Seneca three miles. ^^WA vwwvwvyy W One-Stop Service. ONE-STOP SERVICE Ouc cannot deny that the greatest factor in today's business is dependable service. To have tires serviced at one station, battery tested at another, brakes adustcd somewhere else and gas, oil and greasing at still another is trying the patience of any car owner and costs time which no one wants to lose. For these reasons—better service—elimination of wastes of time—saving of money to you, we are organized to provide Tires, Tubes, Batteries, Brake Lining, Oil, Grease and their respective services all under one roof, known as Firestone Gum-Dipped Tires All world's records for safety, economy, and endurance arc held by Firestone. Firestone always leads in new tire improvements and builds more miles into tires than any other manufacturer. Along with quality every advantage Firestone has in world-wide resources—buying rubber and cotton at the lowest prices—is put right back of us for the benefit of our customers. We have the actual cross sections of other tires for comparison with Firestone. All tires are guaranteed without limitations by us and Firestone WE TRADE TIRES They class man as a warm-blooded animal, but he needs additional heat and plenty of it during several long, dark months of the year. F. S. NOBTON & SON sells a grade of coal that perfectly supplies that want. Call up 229 and make the home happy. one of the most vital before the legislature. Senate Would Fix Truck Lengths. The fight between the trucks and railroads cropped out frequently In the debate in the senate last Thursday over the proposed regulation of trucks, and charges were made against proponents of the committee bill that they were Inspired by the railroads. The committee bill fixes the maximum length of trucks at 33 feet, and for truck and trailer at fifty feet. Amendments were offered to reduce this standard to 26 and 45 feet, and another amendment offered as a compromise, fixed 30 and 50 feet, but both amendments were voted down and the 33-50 standard adopted by a vote of 44 to 1 after the amendments lost. The bill also regulates the height, width and amount of load, and is the first regulatory law introduced in Iowa. Senate Delays Fish & Game Com. Is the senate going to defeat the new six-member fish and game commission, voted by the house? It looks that way. The house passed the bill by an overwhelming majority, but the senate committee recommended it for indefinite postponement. After a warm debate, action on the committee report was deferred until after recess, when friends of the bill said amendments would be offered. One thing seems certain, the bill will not pass the senate in Its present form. Quarantine for Social Diseases. Any physician failing to report to ~ „.„. the board of health a case of social South SWW i disease would have his license revok- Burt, 1% miles, ed for one year, under a bill by Repre- South section sentative Long of Mason City and pass- mile, ed by the house Thursday. The bill South section By You carry no spare battery. Protect the one you have by our inspection l £ n °l ODgeP dependa £! e trade ifc in ™ " Firestone battery, known for Duh ^'str^^^f Q^J- Se1baAtterieS aro of four classcs > thc Su P 7> ^ tanda f d and Sentinel. A price for every pocket book. Come in Brake Lining Good brakes are one of the best forms of insurance today. High speeds and sudden stops make it necessary to have good lining whether two or four wheel brakes. Firestone woven brake lining is made in standard and heav dut eks schooling on brakes provides for quarantining persons so afflicted and is considered one of the most drastic of its kind ever voted. The highway patrol bill by Representative Ellsworth of Hardin county, under which a highway patrol of 35 men would be created, and which the general assembly has voted, was Introduced in the United States senate and house this week by Senator Brookhart and Representative Robinson. The resolution asks for government aid in the suppression of crime on the highways. Would Cut Official Mileage Fee. Members are beginning to receive tejegrams and letters from 'county supervisors and officials protesting against the reduction of the ten cent mileage fee for use of privately owned motor cars for official business to six cents per mile. After considerable heated debate In the senate, the bill was referred back to the committee and action deferred. It is likely the members will hear from officers back home during vacation, but it seems certain a reduction will be made, possibly to eight cents. Claimed an Abandoned Car, Swea City Herald: A Chevrolet found on road .K north of Swea City last week was claimedrby Vernon Black of South SWW 26, south section miles. 27 mile. 2, Greenwood, 33, Greenwood, on on Carl Marshall Taken on Liquor Charge Carl Marshall, who lives near the M and St. L. depot, was arrested by Sheriff L. E. Hovey last Thursday and charged with maintaining a liquor nuisance. A gallon tin of alleged alcohol was found in the house. Marshall was brought before Justice L. A Winkel but waived preliminary hearing and was bound over to the grand jury under $500 bonds and was then released on his own recognizance Marshall was gassed during the war and has been unable to work because of his health. He is the father of three small children. Two children died of flu a few months ago. Ask Your Editor wdyard. Mr. Black saye somebody stole the they rta removed t3ie tires. car from him, and before on the they About It, Llvermore Gazette: Some towns have adopted an ordinance prohibiting the throwing of handbills, pamphlets or posters in the yards and on front porches. Housewives, upon whom the labor of picking up the litter in the front yards which the posters cause, will hall with delight such an ordinance. This will be no hardship on advertisers. They still have'a very convenient means of getting information to their patrons, as any newspaper 100 Per Cent Alemite-ing Q .. our Curtis hoist, Alemite lubricants and efficient help you can feel sure your car will run smoother and easier after our one hundred per cent Alemite-mg. We pride ourselves in giving you the best work m the city. At the same time have your car cleaned wish? ed and oil changed We handle all grades of Polarme and Iso^vfs, a so Pennzoil, a very high grade pure Pennsylvania oil. Vulcanizing, Accessories, Battery Recharging, Alcohol, G. P. A. Glycerine ctnci. Jr rGSiioiiG. ** * We Save You Money and Serve You Better TIRE SERVICE CO. " Vic " -Mac" I *™™«™™^^ n ;;;. n . n ^ Emmetsburg Farmer Would Cut Salaries Whittemore Champion: D. N. Luse of Emmetsburg, quite well known in Whittemore as a farm bureau worker, and an organizer for the Corn Growers' association, sent a communication x> an Emmetsburg newspaper last week n which he seeks to lower all salaries mid to county agents, county officials ind school teachers. Mr. Luse con- «nds that many of these salaried people are earning more than they could possibly earn In Iowa's basic industry, arming, and that they should keep n a level with those who foot the bill, te does not think that it Is right that he farm bureau should be financed y county funds, while the farm union nd grange are not subsidized in like manner. He estimates that the farm ureau Is costing the people of the ;ate in taxes about three-fourths of a nilllon dollars per year. In Palo Alto >unty the farm bureau receives $3,)0 per year from the county funds, hlle in Kossuth county, due to great- population, they receive $5,000. Mr. use says that our schools are not man will be pleased to explain to them, etter than they were twenty-five years ago, but that they are costing twice as much. Mr. Luse, who is a farmer has addressed Whittemore audience, at different times. Burglar Breaks into the Greenberg Shop, The office of Joe Greenberg was entered late Monday night last week and five dollars In quarters was taken from the till. There were a few dunes and nickels in the till but these were not taken. The thieves broke In the back door to gain entrance. They did not touch anything else. Officers have no clues. Tony Goeders Was Awarded Certificate. Tony Goeders recently was awarded a certificate from the New York Life Insurance Company stating that he was one of the salesmen who had sold one or more policies a week for the ast two hundred weeks. Tony is a io-getter and a live insurance man. Infant Daughter of Frank Stebritz Died. Funeral services were held Friday morning at St. Cecelia's Catholic church for the two months old daughter of Frank Stebritz. The child passed away on Wednesday of last week from pneumonia. The mother died a few days after birth. Burial was in the Catholic cemetery in Algona with Father T. J. Davera officiating. 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