The Upper Des Moines-Republican, Jatitiar^ 7,1931 flpptf ge| Jftoinel -Htjmblilan, ' HAGGARD & BACKUS, Publishers. featured fit Second Class tnatter At the postofice at Algona, Iowa, under the it : act of Congress of March 3, 1870. issued Weekly. : :: Subscription Bates in Kossuth County: Oft* Year, in Advance - $2.00 SIX Months, in Advance * _ 1-20 Three Months, in Advance _. r .* -80 Subscriptions Outside County, $2.60 per year, strictly in advance. Subscriptions continued until paid for and ordered stopped Display Advertising, 30c Per Inch Composition 6 cents per inch extra. MONEY FOB PAVED ROADS) Iowa is spending millions of dollar* on paved roads. At first it was sale that ft road bond of $100,000,000 would do the business, but if the road program is carried out, Iowa will by 1933. have about $681,000,000. This money Is mostly spent on primary roads, while towns and cities have been compelled to spend millions of dollars to take care of the automobile traffic and the Citizens of these cities and towns were paying out their money for automobile licenses and gasoline taxes and the only thing they have received in return was an allowance of $200 per mile for maintenance of primary roads passing through the city or town and $200 will not keep up a street. The proposition seems unfair to citizens of cities and towns and while they may use the primary highways the same as tourists and others, this same traffic uses the paved streets in the towns, •which were built and paid for by the 'property owners and it certainly seems unfair. Iowa receives annually over twelve and a half million dollars from automobile licenses, about twelve million from the gas tax and two and a half million dollars from federal aid besides property for secondary and other millions derived from a direct tax on roads. It is high time that the state of Iowa sees the injustice of this and permit the cities and towns to receive a Just apportionment of this tremendous amount of road money. The cities and towns have done much to help bring Iowa "out of the mud" and with some help from this source the burden that has been afflicted on real estate taxes in cities and towns could be somewhat relieved. COOLIDGE ON ADVERTISING. Calvin Coolidge, who will go down in history as one of the greatest presidents, criticized only because of the honesty of his convictions and person- Tax Equalization (By O. W. Brown, Cresco Twp.) We now have In Iowa a surplus of primary road funds in excess of that needed to complete the plans as outlined to date, The disposition of this surplus will come before the legislature soon to convene at its regular session. It now appears that three parties are in the field reaching for the surplus plum: number one, parties concerned Ui the secondary roads want their share of the surplus; number two, the cities and towns want their share, and number tihree, the Good Roads Association and the state highway commis- S A brief outline of the manner in which the secondary roads have been robbed of their rightful funds will bring out the Justice of their claims al peculiarities, writes articles for a " nd ^ e cause O f the surplus accummu- large syndicate which, are published latlon To ^g^ w jth the federal aid , in many of the daily papers. Much is post roa d ac t passed by congress in being said about people buying goods jgje, was Intended only for aid to post , as much as possible in order to stimu- roads, the bulk of which were in the late factories and help the unemploy- secondary system. The Good stated for factories that the first essential to produce good mer ' tern could receive prljnarv Bys . federal aid. Ped- chandise. But, he says, that is not eral ftld [of p^,. r^g was thus almost enough. It is Just as essential that eliminated. Congress has been quite they create a desire with the public uberal in its appropriations for fed- for their goods and the only way to era l aid, which together with the cur- acquaint the people with their goods is tailment from expenditures tnrough JudJdous advertising ^ levspapen, read by everybody. Goods on the secondary road funds, calls that are not worth advertising are not for ft return of t ne share of the fed- era j a j(j justly due the secondary road worth selling he said. The producers need consumers and S y S tem. Another item adding to the they should do then- share toward op- building up of the present surplus is ening up channels to relieve the un- the seizure of the auto and truck 11- wnployed. THE NEW YEAR. Old 1930 went out with a grouch. Many things went wrong during the year, and many people throughout the nation were down-hearted and disappointed. It will no doubt be a year long remembered. Not only were agricultural districts affected but the eastern manufacturing districts as well. Similar conditions existed all over the world and much worse than in America. Perhaps we felt them more because of the wonderful prosperity we have enjoyed in the past. It was a hardship unexpected. The world has bad-its lesson and the trend is now s,, .The year. 1931 came e, Ihe weather throughout the nation was wonderful and a blessing. Perhaps after all the experiences of the past year will be for the best in the long run. Conditions can not continue as they are for long and a change for the better is to be hoped for and expected. We have all had the experience and success eventually crowns the man who can come back after being knocked out and win the the battle. The fellow who lays down is done for but none of this exists in Iowa. We have the resources as well as the disposition and it will not be long until all will be well. Washington News By Fred Holmes, Wash. Correspondent for the U. D. M.-R. Swea City Gas Fight Comes to End. Herald: Fourteen cent gasoline ended In Swea Ci(ty Friday when the Johnson Chevrolet company stopped dispensing at that price and the town is again paying 17 Vi cents which includes the state tax. A raise in southern Minnesota oil stations took place last week and gasoline is selling there this week for 18.1 six-tenths of a cent more than the price here. Clarence Johnson of Uie Johnson Chevrolet company reports he did a rushing business while the low rate was in effect, but circumstances arose which prevented him from continuing it. Meanwhile he is being complimented for the valiant attempt he made to keep the price here on the level of other towns in this region. News and Comment. Now if we will profit by the mistake of 1930, 1931 will surely be a bette year. If Europe would repay that ten billion dollars they owe America it would put this nation on easy street. Parents try t.i make the Kkiciu 1 ? be lirve in Santa Claus and '.he kictlie try to make th3 old folks thirk the do. Prof. Einstein, who is visiting Am er a, is probably a brninv Man. It fcas theories upon theories t':at nobridj under-'cands. They say that over ninety per cen of the wealth of this country is held by less than ten per cent of the people. How did they get it Scientists have found a butcher shop in Arizona which they claim is 20,000 years old. Among the relics were soup bones from the mastodon. This country is hard up because we have too much food. China and other eastern countries are hajd up and they have no food. Guess we are not so bad off after all. Twenty-six bank robbers were sent up for life in Iowa last year and three were killed. It begins to look as though there is nothing to this busi- Washington, D. C., January 5.—Professor John Dewey, who recently wrote to Senator George W. Norris, republican, of Nebraska, hi the hope that the latter would undertake leadership of a third party, asserted recently that creation of a new force in American politics need not await a decisive issue because the issue was already here and was one of the choice between government resting in the people or hi th& hands of powerful economic groups seeking special privilege. Professcjr Dewey, in addition to being a professor of philosophy at'Columbia University, is the national chairman of the League for Independent Political Ao- tion. * • • Senator Borah of Idaho, like Senator Norris of Nebraska, has rejected the idea of a third political party. The Idaho senator has frequently been mentioned in the past as a possible Hon.* of a. now politlcal'.pai'ty. He. has, however, remained a republican and, according to a statement issued by him he intends to remain in the republican party. One by one the progressive republicans who have been at outs with the Hoover administration are announcing then- firm determination not to abandon the G. O. P. for some new party allegiance. Presumably this means, too, that they will not support democratic candidates in the 1932 election. * • * Senator Nye's turning up of the evi- ence that Robert H. Lucas, executive ire'ctor of the republican national ommittee, was active in the attempt o defeat Senator George W. Norris. epublican candidate for senator in Nebraska, was the result of pure per- istence. No one else has ever pursu- d the intimate details of the campaign 'unds as assiduously as the young snator from North Dakota. Here is he election almost two months past and Mr. Nye is still digging into the Campaign in Nebraska and Pennsyl- r ania. All previous campaign fund instigators quit when the election was over. But Mr. Nye has hardly bogun. Except for the fact that he has another job of investigating the oil-shale charges, this year's election investigation would probably still be going on when the 1932 election was about to begin. « • *. George H. Moses, United States senator from New Hampshire has expressed the opinion the senate should take no part in the controversy between Senator George W. Norris, Nebraska and Robert H. Lucas, executive director of the republican national committee. "This dispute, as I see it,' Senator Moses said, "is not one o which the senate, as the senate, should take cognizance. The matter is ori' for the national committee to settle My present opinion is that Senate: Norris will not be read out of the re publican party and Mr. Lucas will no be deposed from his office in the na tional committee. In other words, th< status quo will be preserved." * V * The controversy between Senato Norris and Robert H. Lucas, executiv director of the republican nationa committee, is confined solely to th senate, in the opinion of Speake Longworth. The attempt to read Nor ris out of the republican party will no be extended to insurgents in the house said Longworth. * • » Administration leaders in the senat are facing the problem of getting som fifteen pieces of legislation througl the mill to prevent an extra session A scant eight weeks remain to con gress after it gets back to the grind next Monday, and if the dread bogej of an early meeting of the new con gress is to be dispelled all appropriation bills must he passed. Four or more other measures either are viewed as essential or have been advancec the price of any cooperation, or ev- absence of resistance, from those senators who are not convinced an ex- ,ra session would do harm. * • • Continued deadlock over Muscle Shoals legislation, instead of the ex- jected acceptance by the present con- ress of a compromise bill, now seems inevitable. Senator Norris of Nebras- a, principal champion of government peration, and one of the senate con- erees on the deadlocked measure, said ie would oppose to the limit the pro- josed compromise whereby private ompanies will take the power ut the] cense fees of cars and trucks on the farm and turning them over to the primary road fund. The justice in making some allowance for farm auto and truck license fees was recognized at the time the primary road law was passed in the legislature in 1919. That law provided that when the primary roads were graded, drained and graveled, or otherwise surfaced the secondary roads were to receive funds from the primary road fund to improve said secondary roads. In addition to the foregoing promise a two mill levy was made on all property both town and country as a compensation to the secondary roads for taking all the motor license fees for the primary road fund. The two mill tax on town and city property for secondary road purposes was the bait to induce the farmer to give up all the farm motor license fees to the primary road fund. To date, the Good Roads Association and the state highway commission have been able to dodge the payment of the pledge in the original primary road law. The two mill tax on. all property stays with us all. To get rid of that two mill tax is one of the objects of this article. The plan to get our just dues from the motor vehicle license fees is to permit the county treasurer to retain all the farm auto and truck license fees for the use of the secondary roads in the county. The cars and trucks on the farms in Iowa are fairly well distributed according to area In each county. For the state of Iowa for 1929 the total number of cars on farms was 217,129, number of trucks 28,473. For Kossuttt county for 1929, the number of cars was 3,489, and the number of trucks 624, making a total of 4,013 motor vehicles on farms in the county. The 4,013 vehicles at $18.00 each gives $84,208.00 as license fees that would go to the second road fund. This $64,208.00 .'is equivalent tio five and one-half mill levy on all taxable property in the county. This not only does away with the two mill levy, but would do away w,tth an additional three and one-half mill levy. Another item adding to the surplus primary road funds is the doubling up on the truck license due to weight manipulations so that more taxes are squeezed from the farmer to go to the primary road fund. The sum and substance of the matter is this, the farmer and city property owner are being robbed of funds justly belonging to the secondary road system for the purpose of paving the primary roads and then required to pay a high direct property tax to build their secondary roads. Our city and town road and bridge levy is 9.5 mills, townships 21.5 mills. Space will not permit much comment on the other two topics. The cities and towns are entitled to more funds than they are now receiving for the paving and maintenance of the Drimary roads which are routed hrough them. The Good Roads Association and the state highway commission purpose the addition of 1,065 miles of road to the primary road system so as to give all towns having a population. of 150 or over a paved road by the year 1943. This would give to each county about ten miles to conneect up the small towns with the paved roads. This should not be done for the reason that traffic would not warrant it, and the expendiure would be a waste of funds. The bulk of the traffic on our main highways is local. The percentage is about as follows: interstate, ten per cent, Inter county thirty per cent, county or local sixty per cent. It is self evident from these figures that the traffic at a small town would be very light. To illustrate I take from the traffic report of the state highway commission for the year 1927, the count taken in September at the town of Chelsea, Iowa, on the Lincoln highway and located between Cedar Rapids and Marshalltown, having a population of 592: interstate traffic 28, inter county 92, county 161, total 281. Paving is not advisable where the traffic is less than 500 vehicles per day. Here we have a town of 600 population on one of the main highways of the state and not having much over half enough traffic to warrant paving. Furthermore the report of the state highway commission for 1929 shows that about twenty miles of graveling on the secondary roads can be done for cost of one mile of paving. What the small town needs is many graveled roads to it instead of one paved road leading to some other town by means of the primary road.—G. W. Brown. 1 At the National Antwmoblle Shows Chevrolet wins first place for the fourth time First place at the National Automobile Shows—a position granted on the basis of annual sales rolume—is again awarded to Chevrolet. This is the fourth consecutive time that Chevrolet has achieved this honor. And the reason lies in the exceptional value which Chevrolet cars consistently provide. This year, in its bigger and better Six, Chevrolet is offering an outstanding example of the value which has brought it such record success. In fact, no previous Chevrolet car has ever represented such a high degree of quality and advancement, and sold at such low prices as today'*) Chevrolet Six. » New lour prices « Roadster, $475; Sport Roadster with- rumbta teat, 9495; Coach or Standard F!T«Window Cowpe, $545; Phaeton, $S10;Stand- ard Coupe, |S3S; Sport Coupe (ramble •eat), 9S75; Standard Sedan, |6S5; Special Sedan, 9650. Special equipment extra.. Price* f. •. b. FtiMt, Michigan. CHEVROLET SIX Switchboard of the government-operated plants and disnbuteti it to communities. Progressive republican support for Franklin D. Roosevelt if he should be the democratic candidate for the presidency against Mr. Hoover in 1932 was regarded as practically assured as a result of the republican family quarrel gowing out of the disclosure that Robert H. Lucas, executive director of the republican national committee, had financed the secret use of Klan propaganda against Senator George W. Morris, republican, of Nebraska, in the ast campaign. "I could go a lot further and do a lot worse," was the way Senator Norris summed up his position when asked about reports that he would support Roosevelt. The son of the thirtieth president led the great-great-great-granddaughter of the second through the measures if the first dance at a party given by President and Mrs. Hoover for then- son, Allan. The girl was Fanny Homans, niece of Secretary of the Navy Adams, and the dance took place hi the East Room, where, tradition has it, her great-great-great-grandmother hung out the presidential wash on rainy days. President John Adams was the first chief executive to occu- )y the White House. Secretary Hyde and Ssnator Caraway of Arkansas, came to words a day or so ago about Christmas cards. The senator said he had been informed the secretary sent his greetings under the free mailing privilege given cabinet members for official business^ The .secretary replied that they were noi personal cards but the official holiday greetings customarily sent by the department to the various officials o: organizations and agencies that cooperate with the department. President Hoover revealed a human side of his nature Christinas after noon when the White House was vis Ited by several hundred newsboys. One of the boys had been boisterous in the president's presence. The lad apolo gized, but Mr. Hoover said: "That's al OTHER EDITORS right. There are who laugh." still too few of u It has been disclosed at the Whit House that President Hoover woul participate in dedicating the Marior (Ohio) memorial to Warren G. Hard ing if he were invlited. Plans fo dedicating the memorial have been held up for a long time and no dat for the ceremony has yet been sel Mr. Harding became president In 192 and died in 1923. He appointed Mr Hoover secretary of commerce at thi beginning of his term. Records of the number of pilgrims and worshippers welcomed at Washington Cathedral during 1930 indicat- that the great edifice rising on Mount Saint Alban now ranks consistently with the Capitol, the Washington Monument and the Lincoln Memorial as i center of tourist interest. With sev- ral days yet to be tabulated, the to- nl number of visitors for the year is already in excess of 277,000. The count made of persons entering the Beth- ehem Chapel, the first portion of Che athedral to be completed and the cene of daily services. Since January 1927, well over 1,000,000 worshippers nd pilgrims have attended. IJIIPTY PEWS AT CHUKCHES. Austin Daily Herald: Pastors in a number of churches have been obliged to acclimate themselves to preaching to empty pews at evening service and it is only by dint of courage ana perseverance that they rentinue week ft- ter week. Time after time, ministers ask themselves: "Why those empty pews?" "Why but a handful at evening services?" Oftentimes the choir members outnumber the people in the pews. Theaters, athletic events, radios, rard parties, motor r&rs and books have heen given in mar.y cases as explanations of s?-.u\t audiences at Sunday evening church reiv'ces. No dou'it nil of these rontnbitie to church delinquency, but they are not sufficient explanation, for ihcre is sufficient ti'-e for all even without the five day W3ek which some agencies are now advocating. Besides only a small percentage of the population patronizes Sunda; evening movies. Many have no motor cars and many do not follow sports. Many do not play cards, nor do the publishers report booming book sales. Sunday is a long day for those who can cast aside their week day cares. Granting that late rising Sunday morning has become a national chiu- acteristdc, there is still time for dinner the Sunday papers, the radio and all that. Sinday evening church si-rvn.es last little more than an hour. In the winter when "being out in the open £.!r" is impracticable, it, must simply De a poor budgeting of lime thnt keep; :nany Christians from evening church attendance. Theater men would close up shop gas stations would be locked up anc broadcasters would refose to send ou radio programs if they received no response. Yet clergymen persist ir what they feel is their duty hi offering evening services. Perserverance has won many a battle, and if the evening services ever do win back public favor the world should be better foi it. College Students Say Drinking is Increasing Atlanta, January 2.—The Nationa Students' Federation of America, b majority vote favors modification o the prohibition law. Balloting yeste- day at the sixth annual congress or the basis of one vote for each college or university represented gave 66 votes for modification, 23 for repeal and 38 for enforcement. By a vote of W to Ifi, the students said drinking is increasing in their colleges. BJackford Park May Go Back, It is reported that the Blackfords have intimated that Blackford Park located in the souhwest part of Algona may revert back to the original own- ors unless the city makes more improvements in the Park, Algona and he county have several fine parks now hat are in good condition for picnics and other gatherings and the general opinion expressed upon the street in- licates thatf many taxpayers oppose the paying out of more money on this ark and that tihe city fund might e placed to much better use than on 'ie park mentioned. See y»«r dealer belew KOHLHAAS BROS. Distributors, Algona Frank Fisher, Titonka Roderick, Auto Co., Lone Rock Wesley Auto Co., Wesley Service Motor Co., Burt fc «* fc. Ma*. Roy Moulds Was Reappointed Inspector. Secretary of State Greenwalt has re- appolnted Roy Moulds of this city as one of his automobile inspectors. Mr. Moulds has served in this capacity for several years and is a good sensible official. This week he is at Mason City assisting Max Studer of Manly, who is a new appointee to become acquainted with his duties. Mr. Mould's territory has been changed and now includes Sioux City but he will continue bo maintain his residence in Algona. LUVEENE NEWS. Dr. T. L. Williams was a business caller in Fort Dodge Thursday. Mrs. Donna Allen is the new operator at the local telephone exchange. Cecil Huff was a business visitor in Des Moines the first of the week. The Methodist Ladies' Aid society met Wednesday afternoon at the town hall. Vera Tiede returned to Detroit after spending the holidays with her father, Fred Tiede. L. L. Anderson of Alta and J. W Smith drove to Minneapolis Tuesday on business. Mrs. William Marty is receiving treatment at the University hospital in Iowa City. Frank Green, Jr., of Algona is visiting at the home of his grandmother, Mrs. Joe Blumer. Tom Hamlow has moved his household goods to Fort Dodge where he and his family will make their home. Miss Dolores Woito resumed her duties in Onawa this week as a teacher after the holiday vacation spent here. Otto Bunkofske has returned to the home in Humboldtj county after vis- ing here with friends the past ten days. Mr. and Mrs. L. L. Anderson and children of Alta spent several days last week here at the parental John Smith home. , Mr. and) Mrs, Aaron Steussy went to Omaha Wednesday wher they met her brother-in-law and will accompany him to Florida. Miss Sarah Blumer returned Saturday to Waukegan, Illinois, after spending the holiday vacation with her mother, Mrs. Joe Blumer. Misses Lottie and Jennie Mason accompanied Mr. and Mrs. George Thompson of Ledyard to Clarion Sunday and visited with relatives. Misses Esther and Marie Frltzemeier returned Saturday to NapervUle, Illinois, after visiting the past two weeks at the parental F. C. Fritzemeier home. Among those from Renwlck in attendance at the funeral of Mrs. Bert Grant Friday afternoon were Mr. and Mrs. Lee Potter, Mr. and Mrs. Georger Stoddard, Mrs. P. H. Thiel, and Mr- and Mrs. Ray Feltis. The members of the Evangellcaf church met Thursday at the town hall.. The following o'fflcerb were ejected:' 1 "' Superintendent of the Sunday School,. Florence Hof; second superintendent,. Henry Marty; secretary, Paul Knopf; librarian, Wayne Lang; Sunday School pianist, Luella Blumer; church pianist,. Mary Knopf. Mrs. Albert Grant was buried in the LuVerne cemetery Friday afternoon. Services were held in the Methodist church hi charge of Rev. H. A. Reyman. Mrs. Grant was 49 years of age. She had Been ill for some time with heart trouble and passed away Sunday at the family home near Emmetsburg. She leaves to mourn her husband, five children, several brothers and a sister. Mrs. Grant was a sis- ber of Frank and Herbert Smith of LuVerne. ^yvwvwwuwuvwwvwuwvwvwwus Heaters Hot Air and Hot Water Heaters for All Cars Alcohol and Prestone Freezing Solution Prestone $3.50 per gallon. ose 1. To pay doctor bflls, 2. To refinance your car Mid reduce payments, I. To buy livestock or chickens. 4. TO GET OUT OF DEBT — by grouping scattered bills where one uniform small payment can be made each month. PAYMENT SCHEDULE I 50—Reusr I 3.99 a Month 1100—Hep.y $ 7.0J > Month $200-Re|) t y M4.10 » Month MOO—Kept? »2UO • Month Your furniture, auto and live* Itock may t» used at uccurlty. Wt will b* glad to talk with you (confidentially, ot courw) about ar> ranging § loan to m«et your need*. Set CUNNINGHAM & LAOY Algona Phone 698 Representing Federal Finance Co. Pet 1929 6 cyl. Cliev. coupe 1926 Chevrolet sedan 1929 « cyl. Chcv. couch '29 Model A Ford coupe '26 Chevrolet coupe. KOHLHAAS BROS. Phone 200 Algona, Iowa. At Private Sale BIG TYPE POLAND CHINA BOARS Forty head of March and April Boars. The bi«husky kind from large litters. Immune and priced to sell. H. H. GREGORY & SON Rutland, Humboldt county, Iowa, ^^^^ffffffu^fffff^^,^^^,^^^,^.^.^.^.^.^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ 16-20*-tl !
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