The Upper Pea Moines-BepuMican, Decembef IT,1980 HAQOARD «i BACKUS, £fitered as Second Class matter at the post office at Algtmn, Iowa, under the c : act of Congress of Marth 3. 1ST9. Issued Weekly. : Subscription Rates in Kossuth County: One Year, in Advance , * $2.00 flbt Months, in Advance 1.20 S"hree Months, in Advance . .60 Subscriptions Outside County, $2.60 per year, strictly in advance. Subscriptions continued until paid for and ordered stopped Display Advertising, 30c Per Inch Composition 5 cents per inch extra. GREATEST STORY EVER TOLD. Christmas is the world's greatest holiday. Every civilized nation, and there are few that are not civilized holding belief that Christian religion Will next week observe the birth of the Saviour, Jesus Christ. The Christian faith, the story of Jesus, is without doubt the greatest story ever told and the faith in Christianity held by the people of the world is the finest thing that could possibly befall any world. "And there were shepherds in the same country abiding in the field, and keeping watch by night over their flock. And an angel of the Lord stood by them, and the glory of the Lord shone round about them: and they were sore afraid. And the angel s'.'id unto them, Be not afraid; for behold, I bring you good tidings of great j 0 y which shall be to all the people: For there is born to you this day In the city of David a Saviour, who Is Christ the Lord. And this Is the sign unto you: Ye shall find a babe wrapped In swaddling clothes, and lying in a manger. And suddenly there was with the an...gel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God, and saying, Glory to God in the highest, And on earth peace among men In whom He is well pleased. "And it came to pass, when the angels went away from them into heaven, the shepherds said one to another, Let us now go even unto Bethlehem ,and see this thing that is come to pass, which the Lord hath made known unto us. And they came with haste, and found both Mary and Joseph, and the babe lying in the manger. And when they saw it, they made known concerning the saying which was spoken to them about this child. And all that heard it wondered at the things which were spoken unto them by the shepherds. But Mary kept all these say- Ings, pondering them in her hea.rt. And the shepherds returned, glorifying WHEN RAILROADS PROSPERED. The railroads of the country are complaining that they are being hard hit. Passenger and freight business Is not what it used to be before the advent of busses and trucks that haul passengers and freight all over the country. For a good many years the railroads had things their own way. They were Independent and while they advertised service, very often it received little consideration. The public does not forget and but little sympathy is expressed by the public because of the railroad troubles. A few years ago, a visit to the passenger depots, when trains were about due was mighty interesting. Usually a large number of travelling men were present and the discussions of public matters, busines and other subjects along with stor; telling made the visit worth while Today, about the only persons founc there at train time is the agent, a mai messenger, expressman and an occa slona) passenger. Traveling men now drive their own cars, go and come when their business Is finished, and are rap- Idly forgetting the "happy hours", formerly spent waiting for belated trains Traveling men are generally an intelligent and observing bunch of men anc their opinions were often sought on matters of business, politics and current events. It is only another evidence of the change going oil in our modes of living and business. Observations, Political and Otherwise of State Interest (By J. W. Jarnagln.) and praising God for all the things that they had heard and seen, even as it was spoken unto them." WONDERFUL IOWA WEATHER. Iowa and the north central part of the United States usually enjoys fine fall weather and this autumn was perhaps finer than the average. It has been a blessing to the poor as little fuel has been necessary and stock on the farms has been able to forage their TALKING ABOUT TAXES. Exerybody is talking about the high taxes. The next legislature is under obligation to the public to take some action and a state Income tax will probably be passed. Taxes are higher than a cat's back and who is to blame? We yell about the high taxes and then turn around and vote for some Improvement that costs millions and kick when we have to pay the bill. Iowa's school tax is about forty-eight per cent of the whole tax it Is said and living, resulting in a big savings in feed. During November dandelions bloomed on the lawns, people went about without heavy clothing, there was but little sickness and business as a rule was good.' Every one of these pleasant days shortens the winter and if the mild weather continues until thf. holidays the winter can not cause much suffering. After New Years, we expect a January thaw. In February we watch for the ground hog and look forward to the breaking up of winter and the advent of spring. Nearly everyone enjoys a month or six weeks of snug winter weather. It_Jo_.*. '. the Des Moines, Iowa, December 15.—T an enthusiast for Iowa and her instl tutions, It is a little embarrassing have an "outsider" butt in and poln out our weaknesses but that is jus what has happened. It all come about through the publication of "survey" made by one R. C. Williams director of the department of researcl" of the state department of public in structlon of Wisconsin. In a recen address Mr. Williams stated that "mor than half of the teachers in the on room rural schools of Iowa were nei to their schools, while one-fourth ha never taught before. While 12 per cen of those teaching in elementary de partments of graded schools had no taught before, more than 40 per cen had taught seven years or more. Th teachers in rural schools, senior high schools and junior colleges remain in their positions the shortest time, whil county superintendents and elementary principals have the longest tenure More than one-half of those teaching in junior high schools and three fourths of the senior high school teach ers have college degrees." Figures on Taxation Results. The Iowa tax paper gave $110,754, 929.08 for the state, school, county and city governments through general pro perty and moneys and credits taxes this year, according to the annual report of the state board of assessmen and review. This amount, collectec on levies made in 1929, was approximately $7,000,000 higher in the aggregate, than the total collection in 1929 on 1928 levies. It is expected that the total state, county, city and school tax for collection in 1931 wil be slightly lower than that collected this year. District school taxes collected this year led the list. The amount collected war $47,738,163.08. County taxes were next with a total of more than $30,000,000. City taxes amounted to $15,117,965.24 and the tax for state general purposes brought in $10,134,375.62. Candidates for Speaker. Six of the seven candidates for speaker of the 44th general assembly on the republican side, each served as chairman of an important committee in the 43d general assembly. Johnson of Dickinson, was chairman of tho committee on the board of control Simmer of Wapello, cities and towns; Rutledge of Webster, dairy and food; Toregson, of Worth, enrolled bills; Hollingsworth of Boone, judicial and political districts; Forsling of Wood- jury, judicial. J. H. Johnson, of Marion county, speaker in the 43d, seeks a similar position in the 44th. Frosling, at the head of the powerful judiciary committee made an enviable record. During the session after the principal bills had been introduced, I. C. Kar- ;ack, reporting the proceedings of the egislature for the associated press, af- er Intel-viewing Horace S. Dugan, leg- slatlve index clerk, as to the number of bills introduced at that time, sent ut the following associated press report: "The house judiciary committee 5f which L. B. Forsling of Sioux City, s chairman, has handled 149 bills this ession and reported nearly all of them the house. This achievement is ated by Dugan as one of t^ best£x-J ^sca^ 0 " 1 ^ set but they are costing an enorrin price and Iowa tax payers will pay most of the bill, one way or another. Those having an idea that a state income tax will be a cure-all or shift the burden to other shoulders have a guess coming. As long as we spend money lavishly, we are going to have high taxes, whether we have a state Income tax or not. te, the driving of automobiles and constant rush into which the world has entered. News and Comment. Now some one who has the time and brains might invent a pee-wee foot ball game. About the best news from Washington last week was to the effect that ••Dolly" and "Alice" had buried the hatchet, A new fad among girls is to tint the finger nails. Grandma used to do that every Monday when she put bluing in wash water. To hear some fellows a repeal of the Volstead law will cause rheumatism, belly ache, and the blues. If that is so, let's have it. Talk about Chicago gangsters, but New York must be pretty rotten when six judges resign, members of Tammany, when an investigation starts. In China they are starving for wheat and here we have more than we know what to do with. Why not trade them a few million bushels for firecrackers. Clay county is voting paving bonds today. With all of Spencer's boosting spirit for their big district fair they have been "dead ones" on the road question. The Hubbell "bull" of Des Moines won the grand championship at the Chicago Live Stock show. A good many think the Register should have been given first place. President Hoover is having his troubles with congress. It is up to him to find Teddy Roosevelt's big stick if he wants to put anything over. It's a h 1 of a note but some of the most popular movies are "Hell's Heroes," "Hell's Angels," "Hell's Harbor," and "The Doorway of Hell. Hell seems to be popular in Hollywood. Will Rogers, the funny guy in the movies, who syndicates wise cracks that many dallies print, didn't know congress was in session until after Notre Dame cleaned up the southern California University. •The president accuses the senate of playing politics and some of the old eedate members of the big house say the same of the president. There is gome truth perhaps in both accusations and the public is beginning to realize that we have entirely too much politics i» this country' Examination for LuVerne Postmaster To fill the vacancy in the position of postmaster in LuVerne, the United States civil service commission has announced, at the request of the postmaster general and in accordance with an order of the president, an open competitive examination. To be eligible for the examination, an applicant must be a citizen of the United States, must reside within the delivery of the post office for which the examination is held, must have so resided for at least two years next preceding that date for close of receipt of applications, must be in good physical condition, and within the prescribed age limits. Both men and women are admitted. Under the terms of the executive order, the civil service commission will certify to the postmaster general the names of the highest three qualified eligibles, if as many as three are qualified, and the postmaster general will select one for nomination by the president. Confirmation by the senate is the final atcion. Applicants will be required to assemble in an examination room for srholastic tests, and will also be rated on their education and business training ancl experience. The civil service ccmmission will make inquiry among representative local business and professional men and women concerning the experience, ability nnd character of each applicant, and will assign ratings upon the evidence secured and upon the work done in the examination loom. Nothing will be permitted to appear in the evidence upon which ratings are assigned which might even suggest the political affiliation of any candidate. Full information and application blanks may be obtained at the post office for which the examination is held, or from the United States Civil Service Commission, Washington, D. C. The vacancy occurs on January 7, and applications must be on file December 29. The salary is $1800 per year. ningham of Washington, D. O., farm- ,er member of the Federal Reserve Board, has prompted the suggestion by 'numerous friends that Hon. *=•«•• Moore, prominent banker at Cedar Ran 0 ™™ 1 °* Sipes Now Asks For a Parole, Webb Record: According to daily papers, Jack Sipes, who murdered Daniel Detling at Spencer in 1925, has applied for a parole and will be granted a hearing within a few weeks. It Is further stated that because the prisoner's conduct has been good and because the prison is crowded that parole may be granted. As we see it, the parole of Sipes would be a grave mistake. It would be an affront to the decent law abiding citizens of this section of the state, the great majority of whom think that Sipes should serve out a long sentence. It would be an encouragement to other knife and gun toters to use their weapons at will. Sipes murdered Detling without hesitation, knifing an unarmed man who was trying to escape. Two juries found him guilty. Until he can restore life and bouy- ant youth to the young man from whom he took it he should suffer the penalty of his crime and be kept from mingling with other people whose lives he might also take on slight provocation. dative corn- In the senate, where there ar« wo judiciary committees, the number f bills handled by-judiciary commit- ees was 153." Redistrictingr State a Big Job. Unless a bill now pending in congress, sponsored by Thorston, congressman from the Eighth district, is passed, increasing the total membership in the lower house, Iowa is scheduled to lose two congressmen by virtue of the census just completed. If this must result it means that two of the present members must be eliminated. When the matter is suggested all eyes intuitively turn to the First and Sixth districts and to the Third and Fourth, with the Second the "meat in the sundwich." Politics will dominate action whenever opportunity presents an opening and that is why 38 democrats in the house and seven in the senate make matters so uncomfortable, because these members may hold the balance of power if republicans get into a tangle in trying to save favored members. Take the Sixth district for example. Poweshiek county elected a republican to the legislature and Wapello county elected one of his republican nominees. Monroe county elected a man who was defeated in the primary, but who came out as in independent and defeated both the republican and democratic nominees. Ma- l:aska, Jasper, Keokuk and Davis counties chose democrats in the house and Jasper and Wapello each elected a democrat in the senate. Thus it will be seen from the standpoint of republican representation In the legislature that the district is not in a very favorable position to exert influence in shaping district boundaries. Other districts are similarly handicapped but not so seriously, from a republican standpoint, and that is why the redis- trictinR of the state assumes so large a political problem. Observations of Game Laws. Hon. Ed. M. Smith, secretary of state, and a close student of activities and interests of state wide moment, has some ideas touching state game laws as shown by a survey of the recent open season for pheasants. He says that "certain it Is that an armed invasion of northern Iowa cornfields on open dates is not desirable. So long as everyone is making suggestions, we will make ours. Permit the trapping of pheasants under state supervision, pay liberally for the trapped birds, plant them in the counties not stocked and permit no more hunting until every county in the state is stocked. We have another suggestion. It is that this section of the state has been treated pretty shabbily so far as game and game laws go. Southern Iowa men who still love to spend a few hours afield with dog or gun, were called everything but murderers when they asked for a few days of quail shooting with strict limit of bag. If it is cruel to kill an innocent quail how about the innocent pheasant? Furthermore, the closed season on quail has not increased their number in southern Iowa. In this section of Iowa, we pay to the game funds for the privilege of shooting a few squirrels or rabbits. No wild fowl hunting, no upland hunting, and the major part of our game funds spent north of the Northwestern railroad. One more suggestion, the raccoon, the only wild animal remaining in the woods of southern Iowa, is fast being exterminated by fur hogs and conservationists in wild life are unconerned." Moore May be Sent to Washington. The death of Hon. Edward H. Cun- , pids and former lieutenant J? 0 ™™ 1 °* Iowa, should be appointed by President Hoover to the vacancy. Mr. Moore is popular both in commercial and political circles. Prominent c tizens of Des Moines are ready to Join Cedar Rapids is presenting his claim for the place. Mr. Cunningham was for three terms a member of the I°J» ture, serving as speaker of the general assembly. In after years he located on a farm near Cresco and became active in the promotion of the farm bureau organization. Legislative Seats Contested. Three defeated candidates for fie legislature have given notice of contest. Hall, republican of Wapello couti- tv wants to oust Fabritz, democrat, who was given the certificate of election. Hattendorf, of Osceola county, seeks to determine whether democratic opponent, Ditto, who was declared elected by three votes, was really chosen And now comes the most interesting contest of all. L. W. Hatter of Millersburg, Iowa county, republican, defeated by eleven votes by J. P. Gallagher of Willams'burg, draws the line on the campaign material used against him. Hatter accepted the salary cx- ncn" account and his opponent mucle that the principal Issue In the campaign both in public addresses and in advertisements in newspapers. Here is a sample that Gallagher had insevt- ed in the Victor Record of October 2nd- "If elected to the Iowa legislature I will not file a claim for expense under the provisions of that law known aji the 'salary grab.' Further, I will assist in repealing this law. When the farmers and business men are being taxed until they are walking bow- egged from bearing the burden an in- rease in salary of any officials is on a par with an act of banditry." Hatter Cites Supreme Court. Mr. Hatter cites a decison of the Iowa Supreme Court in the case of Camithers vs Russell, made In 1880, to show that Gallagher is disqualified to hold the position. In this case a county recorder before election publicly promised if elected not to take the fees which accompanied the office but only to take the salary. He was elected but was finally unseated by the court decision holding that an attempt to in- luence the voters by a promise not to ake some of the remuneration for the jffice constituted an attempt at brib- ng the electorate. It was held that his disqualified him for office. The ouse must pass -upon the eligibility of ts members. A number of the members who were re-elected accepted the xpense money. They will hardly vote gainst seating a contestant who was defeated because they used the same rgument that Gallagher did and na- urally they would vote to sustain him. \nd herein lies a perplexing proposi- ion. The salary expense account will oubtless figure In the selection of speaker. Of the seven republican andidates, all took the expense stip- nd, except Forsling of Sioux City. If et theissiie..before ' ~ would the courts tionality, as emped In Carroll county, it would at least set aside a controversial point. The supreme court in Tennessee decided a similar case In favor of the enactment, stating that _ For Him Cigars, Cigarettes, Lighters Pipes, Tobaccos, Pouches and any kind of Smoker's Articles, Don't buy before seeing our line, Hub Recreation Parlor Algona, Iowa Where a gentleman meets his friend, any legislative body has a right to provide for the payment of the expenses of public servants, while the supreme court in Kansas, and that In Oregon, decided Just the opposite. Special Taxation Bills. The tax reform committee and the board of assessment and review have agreed upon the essentials of a bill to be presented to the 44th general assembly as the basis of legislation to be sought in the solution of the tax problem. A county assessor will be recommended to supplant the present township and municipal system. The plan outlined In the proposed bill will provide for an increase of $10,500,000 in taxable income. The report recommends and carries drafts of bills for the following tax acts: A personal income tax with graduated rates, which, on the basis of 1929 federal income tax payments in Iowa would yield $6,000,000 per year. A corporation franchise tax, modelled after similar tax lafs in several other state with rates calculated to yield $2,000,000 per year. A per square foot tax on billboards which it Is estimated would produce $250,000 annually. A per pound excise tax on oleomargarine from which the annual revenue of $250,000 is anticipated. The increase to be recommended in present special taxes are: An increase of fifty per cent in the state tax on cigarets and all other forms of tobacco. This would produce about $2,000,000 annually, the investigators figure.- .A modlfi- tahefitanee taxation to increase the have joined hi a unanimous report to the 1931 legislature. Members of the legislative committee are Senators C. F. Clarke of Linn county, chairman; C. L. Rlby of Cedar and George W. Patterson of Kossuth; and Representatives Harry M. Green of Pottawatta- mle, J. H. Johnson of Marlon and Marlon R. McCaulley of Calhoun. The tax board consists of Louis H. Cook, Des Moines, cnalrman; Dr. J. W. Reynolds, Creston, and John W. Foster, Guthrie Center. Some renewed Interest is aroused in the utilization of corn stalks by processes worked out by Dr. O. R. Sweeney In his laboratory at Iowa State Col-» lege by the Issuance of patents In the name of the state of Iowa covering substitutes for lumber. It Is not" expected that the state will reap large profits from these patents but It prevents thulr falling Into private hands which might create a monopoly. Whatever revenue comes Into the state treasury will be used for further research and experiment In the farm waste program. Insulating wall board, synthetic hard wood, and two mould- able compounds for making a material similar to bakelite have been patented. Another patent taken out by Dr. Sweeney in the name of the state is one whereby antiseptic hypochlorite can be made from common salt by use of the electric current. _ A Pleasing Christmas Gift to Your Friends revenue by from $1,200,000 to $2,000,000 per year over the returns from the present tax. The two units have worked together for nearly two years and You'll rove! in the goodness and tastiness of those celebrated home baked holiday goodies. At low prices touched with the spirit of Old Nick himself. Holiday Specials Is a Choice Box of Chocolates The finest creation from candy land. Perfected in the highest art of candy making. "Candies Worthy of the Name." Special gift packages filled with the most delightful sweets. At the Algonquin Confectionery J. F. BEHLMER, Prop. 101 East State Street AJgona, Iowa. Home Baked CAKES A wonderful assortment of wholesome, creamy and spicy layer cakes. PAN BISCUITS Their rich goodness melts on your tongue. Buy dozens of these. Purity Fruit Cakes 60c $1.00 $2.00 1 Ib. 2 Ibs. 31bs. in fancy box Algona Bakery LEWIS WILSON, Proprietor. WVffJWWVV^JVWWWWVV Electrical Wiring and Contracting BEAMER TIRE & ELECTRIC CO. • of West Union, Iowa Electrical Contractor on Your New School Building Wo arc in a position to offer you expert electrical service on anything elctrical that you may have need of. Call or see Vcrn Pratt at the high school building and he will take care of your electrical needs. The work is real and the price right and will stand any inspection. Beamer Tire & Electric Company Algona, Iowa Vern Pratt, Manager, at school. House Phone 682.
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