The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on November 26, 1930 · Page 2
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 2

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, November 26, 1930
Page 2
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The tipper Des Moines-Republican, November 26,1930 HAGGARD & BACKUS, Publishers. JBntered aa Second Class matter at the postoffice at Algona, Iowa, under the .. : act of Congress of March 3, 1879. Issued Weeily. Subscription Rates in Kossuth County: One Year, in Advance $2.00 Six Months, in Advance — 1-20 Three Months, in Advance -60 Subscriptions Outside County, $2.50 per year, strictly in advance. Subscriptions continued until paid for and ordered stopped Display Advertising, 30c Per Inch Composition 5 cents per inch extra. WILL THEY EVER LEARN? There is perhaps more crime today than ever before in the history of our country. Banks are being robbed In broad daylight, people are being held up on the highways and robbed, stores and filling stations are common victims to the whims of those who want money without working for it. The worst feature of this theft wave is that ninety per cent of the robbers are young men, often boys in their teens They start their career in a desire for money and usually a dislike for work. One step and they are on their way to the gallows or prison. If one successful job is pulled they will undertake others and one crime leads them to another one, usually larger and more serious. In the end they are captured and no man can follow in the footsteps of crime and escape the clutches of the law. After that, reprentance, disgrace, imprisonment. Hopes for the future have vanished. Loved ones are in disgrace and despair. Old hardened criminals, who have had the above experience, invariably discourage crime and say there is nothing but grief for the unfortunate fellow who falls from grace. When the young men of today realize that nothing but trouble ever follows crime, that a very small per cent ever escape the law and that honesty and hard work are the only things that ever bring true happiness, then perhaps they will stop, look and listen when temptations for easy money are presented to them. THE NOEBL PRIZE. Sinclair Lewis made deadly enemies of many Rotarians, Kiwanians, etc, when he wrote "Main Street" and "Babbitt." Now that Mr. Lewis has 'been awarded the Nobel prize for the best literary effort many of the folks who recognize themselves in his writ- Ings are taking a shot at him. It is safe to say that all of the local Babbitts and ministers, to say nothing of the doctors, all of whom Mr. Lewis has held up to ridicule in one or another of his books, have 6 very poor opinion of the judgment of the committee awarding the Nobel prize to Mr. Lewis whose books have been among the best sellers In the world for a number •ol "years. JW. Earlq Hall,'the 1 young /managing editor of 1 ' the Mason City Globe-Gazette, takes this opportunity to state his opinion in the matter as follows: "Selection of Sinclair Lewis as recipient of the Nobel prize for literature arouses one's curiosity as'to what is involved in the judging. Not even the most enthusiastic of the "intelligentsia" has ever contended that Mr Lewis' products have a literary merit. "Main Street" developed a large sale because middle westerners were desirous of seeing how wide of the truth an account of small town life could be. "There has been a descending Interest in Lewis' drivel from that time on, as evidenced by the fact that not a -hundred thousand copies of "Dodsworth" have been sold. It was assumed that another literary smart aleck had lived his day until the Nobel judges came along and bestowed upon him their gift of $46,000. And gift is the word, for if there was ever a turning over of money without consideration, this transaction was it. Mr. Nobel must have done at least a half turn in his grave." TIME FOR CHRISTMAS BUYING. Just about one month and Christmas will be with us. The moderate weather this fall makes it seem impossible that the holidays are so near. At no time in the past have our stores been better stocked to supply the demands of the public and never were the advantages for cheap buying so numerous. The moderate weather may have slowed up the sale of many winter garments of clothing and other necessities, and as a result our merchants in all lines are offering merchandise at reduced prices rather than carry the stock for another year. The bulk of business is usually done before the first oi the year and then it was the custom to hold the clearance sales, but this year Is an exception and today, clothing, dry goods and many other articles are on sale today. A dollar will buy more today than at any time for many years. Readers of the Upper Des Moines-Republican will profit by reading carefully the many bargains that may now be secured from our merchants. THANKSGIVING. Tomorrow is the day set aside by the nation for the people to desist from their usual occupation and to return thanks to the Almighty God who has privileged us to live and enjoy life in this, the most wonderful nation on the globe. Every citizen of this nation owes this to himself. We may not have prospered in a financial way as we had hoped, we may not have enjoyed the health and happiness in every sense to whlcch we feel that we were entitled, but these things were no doubt due to our own individual transgressions. We are living in a time of peace, there is an abundance of food and life's necessities, our children are enjoying every opportunity for securing knowledge in our well equipped institutions of learning, we are Dlessed with the hope and promise that ;he future holds better things in store for us. With no pestilence, famine or war, with peace on every corner of the' lobe, what more should we ask? : Thanksgiving, the day of thanks, j should bring forth a prayer from every individual for the blessings we now enjoy and for the future guidance of our nation. , ..'_.. " Washington News By Fred Holmes, Wash. Correspondent for the U. D. M.-R. OTHER EDITORS News and Comment. Capone has been mentioned for mayor of Chicago. That would make old Blue Beard fj'rin. An exchange says the human appendix is of little or no use to the owner, but a bib' assat to the doctor. Hank hold ups are not alone for Iowa. Bandits are doing their stuff in nearly every state- in the union. It has been many yours since a dollar would go so far in the .stores as it does today, if you have the dollar. Governor-elect Dan Turner is going to be busy for a time picking good men for the various appointments he | must make. . One big puzzle is how they can make gangsters and bootleggers pay an income tax and yet they go along without being arrested uml punished. The people around Council Bluffs are all "het, up" over the appearance of a gorilla. After reading the Tarzan stories .some one should be able to make up with it. Leave it to some of the old pioneers to tell about hard times. WH are living in a paradise compared to the hardships endured by the men and women who settled this country. Senator Glass, democratic .senator, Insinuates that he does not propose to have any republican president dictate to him and rebuked seven democratic leaders who offered to assist the administration in constructive policies. Fred Stanek got $1,000 for husking about thirty bushels of corn quicker and better than anyone else. Tunney got a million for knocking the block off of Dempsey in less than an hour. Who wants to be a champion corn Jiusker? NOT GOOD AUTHORITY. Clint Hill in the Mitchell County Press: Brother Earl Hall of The Mason City Globe-Gazette, devotes a half column to a vigorous denial of the charges'of gross rowdyism and drunkenness that have somehow got spread against the American Legion convention in Boston. He was there taking part in the affair, and he saw only one case of intoxication, and he saw a report stating that hotel damage totaled less than $500. For all we know he's right. The boys may have spent their time between program sessions rehearsing their Sunday School lessons. But from what we've seen of Earl when he's away from home, this report on the rough stuff lacks authority. He just wouldn't bo where it was. We recall attending a newspapermen's convention once and coming home and denying some good natured raillery about the conduct of editors away from home. We were telling someone in a crowd that there wasn't a drop of liquor in sight, nor a whiff of it in the air. In the crowd was a grinning chap who turned out to be a traveling salesman and he opened up with some salacious tales of tha? convention that, were entirely new to us We hadn't, it seemed, got as much out of the convention as some of the other brethren. Of course, we've nev- ei seen brother Hah as far away from homo as Boston, but we suspect thero may have been some excurricular sessions of that convention he did not attend. THE NEW TAX PROPOSALS. Ed. Smith in the Winterset Maclisonian: Now that there is no political campaign in progress we think it quite improbable that the taxpayers can be longer fooled by this sort of replacement bunkum. Wisconsin, a state wholly in the hands of so-called "prof.Te.j- sives," lias, including this year's estimated revenue from .state income tax, collected about 154 millions. During this same income period, the average h.nd tax per acre only lacks one cent per acre of having doubled. If any of the uiti'.'ti'on states havim; an income tax have by that method lowered property Uixe:;, surely the advocates of an income lay in Iowa can give us the citations. A state Incoui',' tax, without a gu<r- anteed offset in favor of the property taxpayer, can lay claim two definite results. It's a winning campaign slogan based on the cunning sophistry that we can shift our tax to the other fellow. It will furnish more public money to gratify the appetite for further increases in public spending. And we will stake our all in the prophecy that any income tax law provided for by the next general assembly will not reduce the property levy by one mill, after a period of two years' time. It hasn't so worked in any state where tried, and Iowa tax spenders are not materially different from these of the I'ineteen states Unit havo played politics with the income tax. The great opportunity of the tux committee and the legislature is not in finding more money to spend but in curtailing expenditures and in levying the tax burden by better administration of taxing laws. November 24.—The white house conference on Child Health and Protection which President Hoover addressed at its opening this week is the outgrowth of a movement instituted by him a few months after he assumed pffice. A great, engineer with a great affection for children is likely to do something for them if the opportunity comes his way. President Hoover, with his well-known liking for boys and girls, was bound to attempt measures for the protection, conservation and improvement of the young lives whose course will coincide with that of this nation in coming years. The wisdom of his heart is fully backed by the intelligence of his mind, and the White House conference on Child Health and Protection will have the interest and support of every mother and father and every friend of children. * • • Following the democratic example, President Hoover and the permanent officers of the republican national committee conferring with him have decided that it shall be busy all the time instead of remaining largely inactive and concentrating its activities on the few months before a presidential election. The results of the elections have convinced the republican managers that the uninterrupted sessions of Mr. Shouse's executive committee and its skillful and steady propaganda contributed effectively to democratic success. When so many other factors helped the democrats, it is easy to exaggerate or impossible to estimate, save by conjecture, the effect of official iteration and reiteration of republican sins. . I :.:£,' * * » Reorganization of the republican machine has been urged upon President Hoover by some leaders high in the party who are looking ahead to 1932. There is a feeling in the republican high command that Senator Fess of Ohio, will resign as national chairman after completing the job for which he was chosen—piloting the party through the congressional campaign. Speculation over a successor to Fess already has begun, and in this the name of Robert Lucas of Kentucky, now chairman of the Republican organization, is heard most frequently. * * * The question of -Muscle Shoals has suddenly come to life again. There are reports which agree that controversy over Muscle Shoals will play a large part in the deliberations of the lame duck session of congress which meets next month. The long controversy over the question and the fact that the proponents of government development may attempt to force a special session unquestionably account in part for the revival of. interest. It is perhaps this revival of interest, rather than the mere rediscovery that power is running to waste on the Tennessee river, which accounts for the importance which Muscle Shoals fias assumed on the eve of a new session of congress. * * * The republican floor leader, Senator Watson, is optimistic that the Muscle Shoals controversy, at present a formidable obstacle to completion of legislative work in the short session, may be compromised. The legislation providing for government operation of the vast power project in Alabama is deadlocked in conference between the two houses, with the house conferees steadfastly standing against federal operation and for President Hoover's views. There has been suggestion in many quarters that the president, who has expressed himself in opposition to the Muscle Shoals bill, would himself compromise if forced into a corner on the legislation. Senate leaders do not anticipate any such action. * * * Speculation concerning the forthcoming report on prohibition by the Wickersham commission continues to enlist much public attention. Last week it was stated in "well-informed circles" that the commission was opposed to repeal and also to any government dispensary system, but was divided on the question of some modification of present restrictions. According to later word from "authentic sources," the majority believes that prohibition has not had a fair and complete test and a further trial will b» recommended. It is also said that the commission stands seven to four for some modification 01 the Volstead it?. . while favoring the present general plan i of enforcemnt. | * * » According to the latest rumors in circulation here, President Hoover will continue to embrace the dry side o" the prohibition issue on the theory thnt the law deserves further trial, and will be supported in this stand by a majority report of the Wickersham commission. The rumors are backed by the fact that the Wickersham commission has eliminated repeal or modification of the Eighteenth Amendmen' from its deliberation; that Mr. Hoover is convinced that the next republican convention will have a good-sized dry majority of delegates, regardless of the eastern wets, and that between coming out for some alteration of the Volstead act and standing pat Mr. Hoover is under heavy pressure from the drys to choose the latter course. * • « In announcing a program of filibustering for the lame-duck S'-ssion of con • gress which is to convene in December, Senator Brookhart says lie .speaks for most of the republican Insurgent croup as well as himself. His legislative schedule, partly good and partly bad, includes the Norrls lame-duck resolution, the Norris bill for government operation of Muscle Shoals, the f:n" debentures plan, anti-labor injunction legislation and liberal appropriations for federal aid In road building. Unless all this is attended to after his desires, he and others will favor nr extra session, which President Hoover would be compelled to call if protracted and obstructive debate of these measures prevented the passage of the supply bills. * • • Everybody must admire the magni- flcient courage of Senator Smoot. Hn is willing to stand alone amid a wicked world in consistent defense of the true faith of high protection. Most of America's great industrialists are against him. Financiers differ with him. Our leading authorities on economics and government are almost unanimous in holding that the Hawley-Smoot tariff was a mistake in time, in rates, and in effect. But none of the things move Senator Smoot. Instead of admitting Judge Lovrien to Move to Spencer. Judge Lovrien of Humboldt, whose term BS judge In this district expires December 1930, will move from Humboldt to Spencer and be associated with Attorney Ruder, one of the prominent lawyers of Clay county. A report from Humboldt. says: "Judpe Lftvrien is best known here for his legislative nctivities and has been for many years a familar figure in legal, agricultural 'and business circles. He will bring his family, consisting of his wife and six children to Spencer to lire after the close of the present school rear. "Attorney Rader gained his first wide distinction in the Sipes murder trial and associated with J. Hamilton Lewis in the Griffin will trial. He is active in politics and was one of the first in the district to recognize the possibilities of Ed. H. Campbell for United States congressman and Dan Turner for governor. He has served as commander of Glen Pederson post No. 1, American Legion, and has been a member of the legal committee in the second district of the American Legion. The Four-Cent State Gas Tax. Grand Junction Globe: while we are on the subject of taxes and tax reduction, why not remind our legislators when they leave for Des Moines this winter that it is restriction and not, increase that we are in need of. Those who have proposed the four-cent gas tax are not meeting with any considerable favor in the press of the state. A four cent tax would break the camel's back. If the republican party in Iowa desires to go down to utter defeat in the election two years hence, they can easily accomplish this end by imposing added burdens on the tax payers. '• I Early Iowa (By C. A Halehtns). for a moment that any of the tariff taxes are too high, he maintains that they are not high enough. But for high rates, he argues, many more men would have been out of work today, and he apparently believes that if all the schedules had been jacked up sufficiently prosperity would by this time have returned in full flood. * * * Congress, when it meets December 1, must have its latest style "co-operative" clothes on if there is to be avoided a special session of the Seventy- second congress in the spring. Enough "fighting" subjects are due to come before the congress in one form or another, to swamp the three months' short session, which closes March 4, 1931. * » * The success of Dwight W. Morrow in New Jersey illustrates the importance of personal strength in the candidate. The candidate who has the confidence of the electorate almost invariably can count upon a large independent support, enough to put him at the head of the poll, provided the parties are anywhere near equal in strength in the election. Had there been two ordinary candidates running in- New Jersey this year, the democrats would probably have carried the state. Had the democrats oi New Jersey named a strong candidate for senator this year, the contest would have been close. But Alexander Simpson, the democratic nominee, did not make a favorable impression on the voters and Mr. Morrow did, and that tells the story. * « » Senator Watson, republican floor leader, will make an effort to have the senate first dispose of President Hoover's recess appointments over which there are several fights scheduled, before it devotes any time to legislative matters at the coming session. Watson's hopes were expressed at a conference he and Vice President Curtis had with President Hoover at the White House on the program, policies and procedure of the republican regulars in the senate. If he obtains .sufficient support to carry out this plan. Senator Watson believes he will be accomplishing a great deal toward speed- ins up the work of the short session and obviating the possibility of a special session of the new congress. * * * Contending that the federal farm board "has returned no tangible benefits to the farmers", a group of mid- western delegates headed by F. L. Hummel of Kansas submitted a resolution to the convention of the National Granges petitioning congress to abolish the board at the next session. Generally conceded to have small chances of convention approval, the resolution was referred to committee for shaping before being placed before the convention for final action. Regardless of whether the republicans or democrats gain initial control of the the next house of representatives, the spcakership will be in constant peril. "Although it has never been done, the speaker may be removd at any time by a majority of the members, and a successor elected. In view of the close balance between the parties in the honse at the Seventy-second congress—now standing at 218 republicans and 21(i democrats, with one Farm- cr-Labor—leaders on both sides are giving close study to the possibiltles. * * * It would seem that bridge has been effected by business depression, for Secretary Mellon's receipts from internal revenue taxes on playing cards have fallen off heavily. In the fiscal year 1629, the treasury collected the tldv sum of $5.375.804.20 from taxes on cards. In the year 1030 revenue from that, nuartor was only $4,819292.50. The figures for the third quarter of this year Muly, Alienist and September) show that the slump continues. Plav- ing card taxes fell in that period by about $115.000 as compared with 1929 Ohio makes more plaving cards than all the rest of the country put together. * • * President Hoover is believed by Capt&in Joel T. Boone, the White House physician to be in pood physical condition on the eve of the openine of congress and able to carry on vigorously. The practice, bwnin soon after his entry into the White House, of playing medicine ball with a few friends each mornmf? before breakfast, has continued. Except for about sixty-five pounds which he dropped within the first few months after his Inaurmra- tion—and this is held by his physician to have been benefliclal—his weight Is unchanged. He has grayed about the temples and new lines have apneared in his face, but Dr. Boone believes he is in better condition phvs- icallv than he was two vears ago. when ho had just completed his elcc|lon campaign. Let the U. D. M.-R. estimate on your next job of printing. Adam Smith. the English economist, said one hundred and fifty years ago> "The poorest part of ft country Is always settled firsts" and in no country or state has this saying been better exemplified than In the settlement of our own state. Up until 1856 there was not a foot of railroad In Iowa. From lack of transportation facilities it Is almost compulsory that the first settlers should confine most of their efforts to stock raising, as stock can be driven to market, even over poor roads or where there are none. The Illinois Central railway was one of the first roads to enter the state at Dubuque in 1861 ttut it got no further than Iowa Falls until 1869 and was not completed through to Sioux Cit.v until July, 1870. The building of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul railway was begun during the period of the Civil War but the Iowa and Dakota division had reached only as far as Calmar until 1869. It was built through to Algona in 1870, where it stopped until 1878, and was that year completed to Canton, South Dakota Untli the building of the railroads west from the Mississippi was begun all of the principal market towns were along that river. McGregor was the principal market town for northeast- cm Iowa, and wheat was drawn from as far west as Clear Lake and LeRoy Minnesota. Any one can see what a handicap such distances would be to raising any kind of grain, except the supplying of local needs. in any new country three things are absolutely necessary, water, fuel, anc building 'material. These three things are found along most streams of water, and particularly was that the case of Iowa. Most of the houses in earh Iowa were built of logs, many times of one room only, very seldom with more than two. Those of my readers who have been to Call Park and have seen the building there must not take that as a fair sample of the log houses of early Iowa. That is a palace compared with many of the log houses, that were built and occupied for many years when the state was new. The house ori my father's farm was occupied by the renter when we came to Clayton county in May, 1855, and we lived in a small log house on an adjoining farm until fall. The house was twelve feet square, the roof was sloping to a level with the chamber floor. My brother was born in that house. The family being small, only three, at first, we got along very well during the summer. One winter, afterward, a man, his wife, seven boys and a man boarder lived in that house. Of course there was only one room below and the chamber was so low that no grown person could stand upright, even under" the peak of the roof. My mother used to stand on her knees to make a bed for me on the chamber floor. At first there were no mills to saw up the native trees into lumber. I am puzzled myself to know how the first roofs were made, for fcur years after there were mills that sawed boards for the roofs, shakes were used lor or Instead of shlpgles. A shake is a. thin piece of wood a few inches wide and 24 to 30 inches long, split as thin as possible usually from led or black oak as they were usually straight-grained and more easily split. However, I doubt if a shake roof was ever made that would not leak. For years after lumber was rafted down the Mississippi river, bringing lumber from the Wisconsin and Minnesota lumber camps, native lumber was used for most of the material for houses and barns. Sills, joists, studding, rafters, rough siding, roof boarr.- were made of native lumber, most!" oak as were shingles for years. Beside the Mississippi along its eastern borders there are several rivers in Clayton county. The Turkey and the Volga in the southwest part, mostly, the Upper Iowa in the northeast corner and a number of creeks, al! of which eventually reach the Mississippi. These numerous streams, as everywhere else, where streams are numerous, are in a rough country, much of which never has been used and never can be cultivated. The eastern and southern part of Iowa is much rougher containing much less good land in proportion to the whole surface, than is found in the northwestern part of the state. Lansing, McGregor, Guttenburg, Dubuque, Clinton, Davenport, Muscatine, Burlington and Keokuk were the principal towns on the Mississippi, and to show their importance as market towns, only one or two of them were as small or smaller than McGregor. I was in McGregor on the 22nd day of May, 1861, with my father. It was on that day that three companies of the Third Iowa Infantry, Co. C of Clayton, Co. D of Winneshiek, Co. E and F of Fayette county met at McGregor and took the boat for Keokuk, where the regiment was mustered June 8th. The McGregor paper afterward stated that there were five hundred teams with wheat in the town that day. Railroads having been built west from all towns mentioned, except Lansing and Guttenburg, I believe they have all more or less lost much of the importance they once had, and none more so than McGregor. It is very doubtful if there are 500 teams with wheat a year now in McGregor. ANTHRACITE A BITUMINOU5 There is as much difference in coal as there is in people, and as much care should be given to its selection as one would devote to the choosing of an employee. F. S. NORTON & SON can highly recommend Blue Star Coal through long familiarity with its record for heating quality. Call phone 229. ES.NOKTON^MNf 6 ^LUMBEPw AND COAL^s . £T orpkovtex'229 -Jke. YARD THATSAOES AND SATISFIES* In the Olden Days of Modesty. Exchange: Another place hi which some silly false modesty is fast being discarded is in livestock terminology. Nowadays a bull is spoken of as a bull rather than "or—er—-animal"; and a boar is a boar; likewise a stallion is a stallion. This writer remembers that when he first came to work in the Press office twenty years ago many farmers were reluctant to put "for sale" ads of such animals in the paper. There was always a girl reporter on the paper, and often she would be tending office when farmers would come in. If they had a "stock log" or a "male cow" to advertise, they would hem and haw around, then finally ask for one of the men folks. The ad would be given and received in ow, embarrased voices. Why a bull happened to be less polite than a cow a talk about is hard to tell, but it was. Young Men Return to Germany Recently. Titonka Topic: George Swyter, Bernard Onken, and Carl and Glaus Meyer, four young men who came from Germany a few years ago to make their home in America left Tuesday for a trip to their old home in Germany to visit relatives a few weeks. They will motor to New York where they will take a liner for Germany, leaving New York November 26th. Presbyterian Church. May the Thanksgiving spirit prevail among us in word and deed, seeking ever to emulate the Christ in our modern life. The morning sermon theme, "Until the Time of the Gentiles be Fulfilled." Evening sermon theme, "The Hungry Soul." The Sunday School is open to all who will enter with us In study. The Y. P. S. C. E. at six-thirty is a call to the youth of the church to worship. The church is a mighty good place to spend an hour with your family, try it.—J. L. Coleman, minister. Buy Yourself a Radio at Hobarton \Vbrthtj Purpose 1. To pay doctor bills. 2. To refinance your car and reduce payments. 8. To buy livestock or chickens. 4. TO GET OUT OP DEBT — by grouping scattered bills where one uniform email payment can be mude each month. PAYMENT SCHEDULE f 50— H«i>»jr S 3.55 a Month 1100— Keimy $ 7.05 t Month }21IO— Rtuiy 114.10 • Month »800— Repay 121.10 1 Month Your furniture. Auto and live- ftock may b« usod as vucurity. We •will U iilad to talk with you (con- naentlally, o( courws) about nr- rmnyiDg > loan to mwt your u««d». See CUNNINGHAM & LACY Algona Phone 698 Representing Federal Finance Co. Des Moines Wne/7 Thoughts turn Homeward At Thanksgiving, as et no other time of the year the thoughts of the American turn homeward and to things which make home more enjoyable. «• It ii oui hope- that telephone service haj added to the well-being and enjoyment of your home this year and that it will continue to do *o in the years to come. We wish you a happy Thanksgiving, NORTHWESTERN 6EU TELEPHONE COMPANY

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