Section Two. **1B UPPER DBS MOINES. 44th TEAR THE REPUBLICAN, 38th TEAR ALGONA, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 12,1930 VOL. 28.—NO. 22 BLISS OF AMES SPOKE AT OTTOSEN Discussed Possibilities of Partn Belief Through Cooperative Effort. HATCHERY SCHOOL TO BE AT LONE BOCK. Farmers Should Start Poultry Records This Month. Entomologist to Discuss Nose Fly Eradication. (By E. B. Morrison, County Agent.) R. K. Bliss of Ames, director of extension work for the state of Iowa, spoke before a well-fllled auditorium at the Ottosen consolidated school last Friday evening. The Four-H club of Ottosen held their annual organization meeting and club folks and their parents from neighboring Kossuth townships were invited. Director Bliss outlined briefly Four- H club activities and stated that since almost four and a half million have left the farm during the past ten years it can scarcely be expected that every farm boy and girl will remain on the farm. Yet club work Is a process of selection and training of the best boys and girls of the best families along agricultural lines and thus develop and preserve to agriculture and for the future farms some of the best of the coming generation. Extension Activities. He also discussed extension activities In general, defining duties of the extension service as being to make available to the people of the state and to take practical Information that the state institutions have to furnish to he Individuals who help support them and who cannot receive the benefits of such Information, research and experiments direct. The possibilities of farm relief through cooperative effort and rural organization were discussed, characterizing the urban mind of today as highly organized In contrast to the highly Individualistic state of rural nilnd which through generations of self-re- .llance on the part of farm operators makes rural organization today a slow process, slowed down somewhat, also, by social problems, communities of varying nationalities and similar problems. Friction is absurd among farm organization, all of which should travel by parallel rather than crossllne routes. , •''..-. , .,: 'Mr, Frank, of the University of Wisconsin, who addressed the American County Life meeting at Madison, was said to have noted two future possibilities for agriculture: federated operation of farming or feudalistic operation of farming. Cooperative Effort. The first by cooperative effort in farm management and community development or second by corporation farming. Where extension organization working with organized farm communities, it disseminates informa- (tlon, Hut does create information. Thus, minus such public organization ns the extension service, farm bureaus, Wallaces' Farmer, general Information on farming would be less available and more difficult to be obtained by the farmer and his children, yet corporations could still benefit by general Information by getting It for themselves in spite of the loss of public organizations. Thus, through the training of juniors in club work and through the development of arm organizations, those engaged In agriculture may find considerable assistance for the future of rural America. The Wausousta town- Steck Congratulates L. J. Dickinson. Obtumwa!, Iowa., Nov. 5.—Senator Daniel F. Steck, democrat, informec of his defeat for reelection at his home where he Is recovering from a breakdown suffered in the closing days of the campaign, today issued the following statement: "I sincerely appreciate the honor of having represented Iowa In the United States senate and the opportunity It afforded me to serve the people and the Interests of my native state. "I am not surprised but disappointed in the outcome of the election yesterday. I went Into the flght with a full appreciation of the odds and am proud of the fine vote given me and the unselfish support, of my many friends over the state. "I have done my best to represent Iowa fairly without regard to partisanship and have no regrets nor apologies to offer on any stand I have tak en or any vote I have cast. "I have extended to Mr. Dickinson my congratulations on his victory and on his wonderful opportunity for service to Iowa and the nation and I want the people and press of Iowa to know that I deeply appreciate his fine and friendly atttltude during my term in the senate and the campaign just closed." RULES TO SHIP PHEASANTS IN MAIL State Law Requires Mailer to Make Affidavit to Accompany Fowl. IS NOT A POSTAL REGULATION. Shipping Without Affidavit a Violation of State Law and Punishable By a Fine. ship club girls served an excellent lunch after the meeting. Hatchery School at Lone Bock. What makes a good egg? That is the question which will be uppermost in the minds of flock owners, poultry breeders, hatcherymen and produce dealers who attend the annual fall poultry school to be held In Lone Bock in the theater on November 20 at ten a. m. The meeting is being held for Kossuth county poultrymen by the Cotton and Krause Hatcheries and the farm bureau cooperating with the extension service of Iowa State College. W. R. Whitfleld of the poultry extension service, will be present to help those attending the meeting solve some of their problems concerning production of better eggs. The goal Is* not more eggs but the same number from fewer hens and fewer "seconds" and pool- quality eggs. Selection of good breeding stock will result in large, well shaped eggs providing adequate feed Is supplied. Proper feed Is needed for good quality contents of the shell as well as good size and shape. These and other problems connected with egg production and marketing will be discussed. Willis Cotton and Mr. Krause of Lone Rock are cooperating with the arrangement for this meeting and will serve free lunch at noon. Start Flock Records. November Is the beginning of the poultry year for those who keep records. The calendar record forms recommended by poultry specialists in the extension service at Iowa State College and used the past year for the first time are available at the county farm bureau office. Those who did not start the new record on November 1, may start later, preferably by December 1, transferring their records to the calendar record. These calendar records consist of a separate sheet tor each month on which is a place for various records of expense and receipts, timely information for the flock owner during that month, and other data. The form is easy and simple to keep. Keeping a record on the poultry flock gives the owner the satisfaction of knowing how much profit his flock Is making or losing, enables him to see where expenses can be cut down, helps him and defects In his system of Humboldt Republican: Several pheasants killed during the open season have been shipped from the Humboldt postoffice. There are certain legal requirements that must be observed. Under article 1781 of the Iowa game laws and under the caption of "Transportation, regulations and restrictions," the law says: "Any person, firm or corporation de- Siring the shipment .or .transportation of any fish or animals shall deliver to the common carrier to which the shipment Is offered, a statement under oath, in duplicate, showing the name and address of the shipper, the date and number of his license, where and by what officer issued, the name and residence of the consignee to whom the shipment is made, the kind and number of fish or animals in the shipment, that the same have not been unlawfully killed, bought, sold, or had in possession and are not being shipped for the purpose of market or sale and that such shipment does not contain a greater number of fish or animals than may be lawfully shipped in one day. One copy of such affidavit shall be retained by the common carrier receiving such shipment for the period of twelve months thereafter, and the other shall be attached in a secure manner to the package or container of such fish or animals." Several parties have shipped pheasants and ducks through the local post- office this fall without complying with the provisions of the law. This law is a state law and not a postal regulation. It is not against the postal laws to ship game without the proper affidavit and the postal department and its employes are not transgressing the law when your packages of game or fish are accepted for shipment. But the shipper is liable to the state law for violation when he makes such a shipment and if the matter is taken up he will get into serious trouble. Also the postal employes like to see you comply with the state as well as postal law when you deal with the post office. ARE YOU ON TMCKER LIST Householders Receive Many Articles That Were Not Ordered. DO NOT PAY FOR UNORDERED GOODS. Do Not Use Any Merchandise Thus Received. Do Not Return but Hold Until Called For. Dickinsons Leave for Washington, D. C. Senator-elect and Mrs. L. J. Dickinson left Saturday for Des Moines for several days and will leave this week for Washington, D. C., where Mr. Dickinson will resume his duties. Congress will not convene until next month but Mr. Dickinson has much committee work to look after before that time. He will probably not return to Iowa until next summer. feeding, breeding and management and enables him to produce the same number of eggs from fewer hens, thereby decreasing his expense and Increasing his profit, Nose Fly Eradication. Fred Butcher, entomologist of the Iowa State College extension service, will explain nose fly eradication methods at a meeting in the LuVerne hall, Friday evening, November 14 at eight p. m. The most satisfactory results have been obtained where extension men, local veterinarians and farmers of a township or community have cooperated in this work. Farmers in communities where work has been properly handled report their horses in better shape to stand work, as well as' much relief from the nose fly pest. In some localities unfavorable results have been experienced In attempting Fort Dodge Messenger: What almost amounts to blackmail Is being practiced openly under the guise of business arid with the apparent sanction of the law and without discrimination as to Its victims. Have you received Christmas cards, or other goods through the mail with a politely worded request to remit a dollar or more as the case may be? Have you received follow-up letters praising the goods loudly, urging immediate payment, possibly presenting a heart-rending tale of blindness or other disability or hard luck, or play- Ing up some patriotic or religious sentiment? Have the follow-up letters gradually changed In tone to thinly- veiled threats and abuse? If so you are on the sucker-list in the unordered goods racket. Some one has sold a list pf names, Including yours, at a few dollars per thousand, to an enterprising gentleman > whose susiness Judgment is of considerably higher order than his business ethics. You do not have to buy. You do not have to pay. You do not even have •ft send the goods back. Don't be alarmed at threats; don't be misled by 'ake distress; don't waste your philanthropy on unworthy perversion of reli- jlon or patriotism. Buy the goods on- .y if they seem to be worth the price and if they appeal to you and if you actually want them. Even then, consider whether you prefer to patronize distant unknowns of doubtful dependability or the local merchants who serve you and pay taxes for your local mprovements. All you are required to do is to hold trie goods until a properly accredited representative of the sender calls for them. Turn them over to him, have riim receipt for them, and the incident js closed. The main thing is to be sure not to use any of the merchandise, for if it is used, you can be held liable for Dayments, The present laws rule that postman has effected delivery if tie lays it on your doorstep or places It in your mail box. You have not ordered it, seen it, selected it. Yet it' ,s wished upon you; If you use it you become a purchaser; if you do not remit you are subjected to a campaign that is at least very annoying and that is likely to take the unpleasant form we have described, amounting almost to blackmail. Don't pay for unorder goods. Buy Blizzards and Some Hard Winters in Iowa (By C. B. Hutching.) Webster defines a blizzard as a dry, Intensely cold violent storm with high wind and finely driven snow. During the seventy-five years that I have lived in Iowa we have had hard winters without blizzards and blizzards when the winters were not very severe. The term blizzard has been in use, I believe, about sixty years, I am sure that I never heard the expression until after the blizzard of 1873. To begin with I think the winter of 1875 was as hard a winter as Iowa has ever experienced. Of course much of the state was not settled at that time and not so many people were affected by it as during other winters since. It was long, intensely cold, with much snow, but I was too young to remember whether there was any storm that might have been denominated a blizzard, had that term been in use at that time. However, there was one thing that happened during that winter which has not been duplicated In severity-five years. There was a heavy rain storm accompanied by much sharp lightning and heavy thunder. The rain freezing on top of the snow for some time in eastern Iowa made the 7 whole country like a skating rink, and sliding down hill was the best ever. A person did not need a sled. A board curved a little at one end made the finest kind of conveyance. Just across the road only a few rods from the school house was a high rail fence on the scuth side of which snow had drifted as high as the fence. Some of the scholars obtained a wide 16-foot board and the bank making a good starting place, the teacher, sometimes, and the scholars at all times, as many as could be seated, piled on and some one giving the board a shove, . away they would speed. as you need, from merchants of established standing in the community. Algona Folks Visit in Liverniore. Gazette: Mr. and Mrs. A. L. Peterson and Mrs. Lou Simpson came from Algona last night to take in the Presbyterian lunch and renew acquaintances. "Pete" said when he could feed his family at twenty-five cents a head, these close times, it was a bet he could not overlook; and having seen the advertisement in the Gazette, he responded. Incidentally he was interrupted at his supper continually by his friends giving him orders for photographs from his Algona gallery. Gas Gun Expert in Algona Last Friday. A representative of a large safe and vault company was in Algona last Friday with the view of selling the banks gas equipment to protect them from bank robbers. His company installs gas guns in banks which work so that no one Is injured but keeps the robbers from seeing, in order to escape. The guns discharge the gas and in just a few seconds the bandits are incapacitated, as it covers a great range or territory. He also had a "billy" or blackjack which was also a gas gun. It worked on the principle of a Colt revolver and fired a shotgun gun shell loaded with gas. The weapon is used by a great many policemen as it enables them to cope with five or six men at one time. The gentleman, who was here, demonstrated what a few grains of the tear gas would do after being ignited by a cig- aret. Sheriff L. E. Hovey and this writer will vouch for Its effectiveness as they were unable to keep the tears from flowing. Algona Men Are Again in Funnies. A. L. Long was the recipient of a comic paper from the Fon du Lac paper sent to him by Louise Frazier, the daughter of Rev. and Mrs. W. A. Frazier, former Congregational minister here. The cartoon was one drawn by Wood Cowan and was the familiar Mom 'n Pop series. The essence of the story was the dilemma of a wife who wanted to vote not decide between and she Ab, who could she thought was so handsome and Theo. Chrischllles, who was so good to his this work which has led to the adop- mother. Therefore she put crosses be- tion of a program of eradication which could be taken to interested communities through the cooperation of the extension service and local veterinarians, thus assuring as far as possible favorable results from the work. Mr. Butcher's talk will be illustrated by charts and pictures. Similar meetings will be held in other localities in the near future. side each one's name so that one of her favorites would be elected. Ab is quite swelled up because of the fact that some people consider him good looking. Chris has appeared as a reviewer of books in many papers, but this was the first time he had ever joined the ranks of Mutt and Jeff. Last week Chuck Nicoulin figured in one of Wood's cartoons. go, soon attaining railroad I was only eight years old and small for my age. I had a wide oak shingle, which I used instead of a sled, and lying down on the shingle, as boys do now on their handsleds, I went down one hill and part way up another. When I stopped I would take the shingle under my arm, go to the top of the hill, turn round and slide back part way up the hill from which I started. , The timber along the Mississippi river In Clayton comity, where he lived, from 1855 unf/il 1869, was about six miles wide on an average. Most of the timber was oak, white, black, red, pin. and burr, also hard maple, ash, basswood, butternut and black walnut. It was called the Mississippi timber to distinguish it from numerous groves of timber, between that river and the Turkey river. These groves varied in size 'from an-acre or two to a good many acres. There were |two such groves on my father's farm, one not more than a half acre, the other several acres. The trees in those groves were usually poplar, pin oak, sometimes burr oak, red, black and choke cherries, and around the outer edges hazel nut bushes and sumac. When we first came to Iowa in 1855. deer, prairie chickens, wild ducks and geese were plentiful but during the hard winter of 1857, on account of the depth of the snow and the crust made by the February rainstorm, and the depredations of the wolves, the deer became almost extinct. However, the Civil war soon coming on, for four years, they were hunted but very little and again increased in numbers and after the war I have seen deer run through my father's orchard, which was half a mile from the timber. The winter of 1863-4 was a very hard winter, much snow and very cold, so cold that I remember seeing It stated in the papers that the thermometer was ten degrees below zero at Memphis, Tennessee, very cold. The winter of 18C7-8 was I was teaching my first school that winter, three miles west of Elkader. In the school room there were sixteen seats the teacher's desk beside and I the one .at had only fifteen pupils. I built my own fires and one morning, it was afterward reported that the thermometer registered forty degrees below zero, the coldest morning that I have ever remembered. It was a still bright sunshiny morning but Gee whiz arctics had not then been invented, and I had nothing but leather boots to wear, nor had any of the children. I had, as I remember, my first pair of rubbers that winter, but as everybody knows, they were no protection against the dry cold weather. The winter of 1868-9 was long, with with much snow, especially in the western part of the state. I have a very vivid recollection of the latter part of that winter, as we moved from Clayton county to Kossuth county, starting on the 9th day of March. In the eastern part of the state part of the snow had melted and we started out with a prairie schooner drawn by a span of horses. We had no trouble during the first four days, but the snow kept getting deeper and deeper and four miles the other side of Clear Lnke the team tired out and the wagon with goods had to be left in n fanner's yard and father borrowed n sled, a long sled, with no box, just a board lying lengthwise on the beams, and my father, mother, my two sisters, one ten and the other seven and myself, twenty, rode into Clear Lake on the evening of the 13th of March. We stayed In Clear Lake over Sunday nnd Sunday afternoon, with Mr. Thnyer Lumber's team I took the sled back nnd drove the wagon into Clear Lake. It was stated, at Clear Lake, that only one team had been driven from the lake to Algona that winter, and we met that team on its return trip, Monday afternoon between the lake and Forest City. It was driven by a man by the name of Fonda, living at Monona, in Clayton county. We came through Forest City and stayed over night at Buffalo Center. It was the lost house on the route until we reached the east line of Kossuth county, a distance of twenty miles. The 16th of March was a Bright, sunshiny day, but a regular winter day. I have often shuddered^ thinking of what might have happened, had a blizzard come up such as the one which began on the j sixth day of January, 1873. Driving straight across the prairie, the snow was packed so hard that there was not the least trouble from the horses breaking through the deep snow. I should have stated that my father hired some sleds at Clear Lake, unloaded the wagon . and drove them through to Algona. He had to have two sleds because a second load was brought through for him by Wm. C. Hazen, who was Algona's first dray- man, after the Milwaukee road reached Algona, during the summer of 1870. I was at Iowa City in school during the winter of 1869-70. It was rather severe and during one storm, which might be called a blizzard, a man by the name of Smith, a former resident of Clayton county, whom I knew, living in what is now Lotts Creek township, was frozen to death. The winter of 1870-71 was father was building I! very mild. My a house on section nine In Irvington township and the frame was raised on January first, and I was helping to shinglQ it on my birthday, January llth. The next winter 1871-2, I was again at Iowa City at school and have no vivid recollections of it. In the fall and winter of 1872-3 I was teaching in the Algona schools. There were then three departments. In the fall term Miss Blair taught the primary and Miss Emma Paine the intermediate. Miss Paine afterward became the wife of Dunton Smith. In the winter the intermediate was taught by Miss Lizize Reed, who became Mrs. Horton, who was so long librarian in Algona. The 6th day of January, 1873, at noon, was as fine a winter day as one would wish to see, bright and sunshiny, with the eaves at the school .house dripping water from the melting snow. At four o'clock the worst blizzard that ever struck Iowa, I believe, was raging. My parents and sisters were in New York for a winter's stay and I was keeping bachelor hall and teaching. When I got home that evening I found two of my old Clayton county school mates, and third party, who did not dare to try their journey home, in Lotts Creek, the storm was so furious. They stayed till the storm abated. This was, I believe, the most intensely cold blizzard that Iowa has experienced in seventy-five years. The next morning, Miss Blair, her niece, Miss Ida McPherson, who became Mrs. Geo. Hall of Wesley, the 'jarittor, whose name I forget, a scholar and myself, were all who reached the school house which stood on the ground where the new school house Is now being built Warren Ranney, who lived in what is now Fenton township, trying to reach his home where he had left his wife and child and fearing for their safety, made strenuous efforts to reach them, leaving his team with one ol the neighbors, who tried to persuade him not to make the attempt to reach them, was frozen to death. (To be Continued.) PHILCO Balanced Unit —Battery Radios— Contain all features of highest price radios, Automatic volume control, Philco tone control, 8 tubes, which a 2-volt A-Battery operates one to two months according to use. Be Sure to Hear Its Marvelous Tone Liberal Trade Allowance Sold on Terms Farmers General Store R. O. BJUSTROM, Prop. Phone 1F11, Hobarton, Tax List Larger Than Usual. The Upper Des Moines-Rcpubllcan Is printing the offical list of delinquent taxes In this issue and all taxpayers should examine the list and make sure that tnelr name does not appear. The tax list Is always an interesting study and is supposed to indicate the prosperity or otherwise of our citizens. The Kossuth county list this year is a little larger than usual and originally contained 1279 pieces of property, but after being placed in the hands of the printers about one hundred persons paid up, leaving something less than 1200 finally published. The list is to be published next week also by this paper and was published last week in both of the other official papers, so no one should be left in ignorance of who is owing their taxes. The tax sale of property remaining delinquent after publication will be held on Monday, December 1, at the court house in Algona. Man Injured in Fall from a Tractor. Four Corners, November 12. Special: Harry Wood, farm hand for the Etna Mitchells, met with a serious accident Friday when he fell from a tractor as he started to get off to remove some cornstalks which were collecting In the machinery of a corn picker. The machine was in motion and catching Wood's clothing, pulled him in. He received a bad cut near the chin, one rib was broken besides mapy bruises. He was taken at once to the Kossuth hospital, where he remained for several days. Mr. Wood considered himself fortunate in not being killed as his clothes were completely torn to pieces and he probably would have been pulled in next if the machine had not been stopped by Mr, Mitchell, who was driving the tractor. Mr. and Mrs. Don Smith and sons, Craig and Donald, and Mrs. H. R. Cowan drove to Fort Dodge Friday and visited with relatives Saturday. ^^^wvwwwww^^ Poor Situation is Acute in Wisconsin. Charles Post who is employed by the Algona Steam Laundry, handed us some clippings taken from the Appleton, Wisconsin, paper in regard to the unemployment situation there. Ona day last week there were seventy-eight jobless men and women in Appleton and only five Jobs. A continuous line of careworn men and women and young boys had filed in and out of the poor commissioner's office all day and were turned away. The situation in the Wisconsin town was growing acute and the charities were working overtime to get money for the poor for the winter. This seems to be the situation all over the country and many movements to obtain money for charities are being made all over the country. Old Timer Has Visit at Liver more. Gazette: Our old townsman "Deck" Denlson of Minneapolis, former general freight agent assistant on this division of the M. & St. L., was on the rear platform of that new-fangled motor car that made its maiden trip here yesterday, and the editor managed to get a characteristic handclasp and a "Hello, Bill," from him. Deck ii an old time railroader, who chased stock over these prairies and herded them into the stockyards at all time competition was acute and an a<?eiit had to carry something better than soda water on his hip to get the business. If you talk it over with him nr will tell you that "them were the clay.s" and he probably sat on the rear platform of that motor car with antagonistic feeling akin to what an ox-driving freighter across the plains must. feel for an machine. automobile or a flying Owens Are Visiting in Wisconsin. Titonka Topic: Mr. and Mrs. L. M. Owen, of Algona, drove through Titonka Monday morning on their way to Sparta, Wisconsin, whero .bey will visit and look after business mutters for two or three weeks. Mr. Owen is a traveling salesman and has for Ills territory eastern Wisconsin, southern Minnesota and northern Iowa. While in Sparta they will make their headquarters with a daughter who lives there. During their absence from Algona, Mrs. Elizabeth Amesbury and daughter, Clara, will occupy their home. Lose $2,000 in Frozen Potatoes. Swea City Herald: C. O. Peterson and George Moore, the Eagle lake potato kings, estimate a loss of $2,000 from damages to their crop by freezing. The remainder of the crop of some 7,000 bushels has been sold to Replacement Parts Wo cany a large slock of replacement parts, such as Federal hearings. A large assortment of Hete Proof oil and compression rings, and the well known Jine of Niehoff ignition points, brushes and coils. Also a large assortment of gaskets and fan bolls, heaters and Prestone. USED CAR BARGAINS I of the day and night, when railroad Horr & Oolson of Mason City.
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