Zanesville Times Signal from Zanesville, Ohio on November 23, 1924 · Page 35
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Zanesville Times Signal from Zanesville, Ohio · Page 35

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Zanesville, Ohio
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Sunday, November 23, 1924
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Page 35
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V rr iheHomeWorK nvenii The; Flying Automobile to Be fAe Carl who invented ENVELOPES? of the Future The Firing Motor Car of the Future, as Predicted br Casn- E. Y. Rickenhacker. The Machine Would Be Equipped with ^ Folding Wings for Flight and with Pontoons for Water Travel. living: at a distance from a large city, greater degree of safety than BOW is possible oa the streets and highways. "I; would not take a great str tec of i'Ksgiaation to foresee municipalities re?r- n!st!.-g the height of buildings to uniformity, the streets to be bridge*!, in crdtr to form one vast landing- field in J UST when envelopes were Invented no one can definitely say, bat the honor is claimed by a. number of persons. In 1653 3L de VaJUyer, cnder royal patronage, established in Paris a postal system for letters in post-paid en- 1760 for the transmission of two Impoi* tant government documeats- However, it is probable that envelope* were nos in common use until nexAy a hundred years later, according to tie Paihfisder. In 1S25 Lamb Mentions for the traveliDgr salessr-ar., Mho now uses the center of each cityfor 3\ing ir.a- I elopes- In the office of the Brhuh See- the envelope, and ia "Harry Lorre- the motor territory. Recent glider trials he! highways to cover his throughout Europe have shown ways of increasing the lifting Bower, while reJ'Jcsng tlie spread of airplane usiEgs. Further. It has been demonstrated that -with properly constructed \vings and properly designed motors it is possible to fly almost any type of faselagc. "The development of automatic safety devices to control ivght will decrease the liability of accidenV says Caps. Escken- backer. "To-day riving is no more dar.- frerous than motoring on the streets nnd highways--sojnetimes I think _it is not as dangerous. However, peop!e have a. fejr of flying: that will ha-vc to be overcome, just "as '.hey had to o\ ercome their 1c.ir of traveling- twenty miles n hos;r in the horseless carnage of twenty years ago. "Saie in time 01 war, there is 3:0 nee 3 for^tunt Hying- and that is the o-!y really cangerons parr in l:v.r.g. It is a good b:t hke driving through, heavy tna6ic_at sbrly miles an hour--everv one Ioes!i"i have the skiil to do it. "Rigid rules will L-e la;U UO-A-S lor fly- chines. Tne landing fields or tops of the buildings coald be connected with the street level by elevators so that a machine alighting could descend to the street and be driven about as an automobile. At the end of the business day it would be driven back tc the elevator and lifted to the roof to take off for the homeward d-ght. "Such a forecast is more than pare fancy. It is founded on present progress ia automobile and airplane design.'' retary of State is an envelope which in- closed a letter dated May 16, 1696, -written by Sir William Tarnbull, then Secretary of State, to Sir Janies Ogilvie, of London. In 1714 Bishop Burnett made use of the word ·"envelope" in referring to a. wrapper or cover of a, cciEJKanica.- tion. There are preserved in the British Museum, attached to the letters, the envelopes which were used in 1755 and f An Improved Nursing Bottle had BO filtering effect, this would preserve the milk a good deal better from T TTK flying automobile will be Use car of the near future, according to Captain E. V. Rickenbacker, Uncle Sam's famous ace of the world war. This new model of motor car, it is predicted, ·will be made v.-ith folding wings, so that ·when on a straight stretch, of road they can be spread and the machine will take to th* sir. The present-day tendency to lighten the construction of automobiles through the extensive use of aluminum alloys, without sacrificing the safecy factor, and the great progress made in airplane construction as the result of recent experiments with motorless gliders, as weE as motor gliders, are the two factors that ·will make this possible. This combination automobile-airplane, as Captain Rickenbacker describes it in Here Is a Model of the Flying Automobile Roadster, Built by Allen H. Russell, of Xntfey, N". J- collapsed, automobile ·which convex AUI.C. .. - -- - , · . . Imagine the convenience of being able ens from the present-flay a* W HEN an infant sucks milk through the nipple of a ni!k bottle, air must cater the bottle, iroi»! somewhere, to take the place of ti.e milk--or the milk can't lca-.e. In the conventional nipple, this air has to leak :! j'.rough th« same hole that the nnik comes out of- Two-way traffic on a single-track road is HO mere impracticable tlan this. To overcome this, a new type of milk bottle has been designed. At the lower *ru the bottle is pierced with a large hole: and around this hole is placed a circular shoulder of glass. Then it is ?impie to tarn a regular nipple inside out and hang it over this shoulder, so that i; projects within the.bottle. The hole 11 this nipple is smaller, even, than that through v/hich the baby is accustomed to get his milk; and the exposed inside of the nipple is filled witk clean cotton. The net result is that no miik leaks out, but with every pull that baby gives on . . . .. . - tie regular nipple, air leaks in. The spring split ring, to wmch it is connected cdvanteges are not -restricted to the *»: * SinaU flexible coiled sprung. Tne smooth, regular feeding which the_ bottle is primarily aimed to provide, but include qoer," published by Cbmles Lever ia 1S37, is this quotation: "The -waiter en- ured -wjth a small note in an envelope." It is claimed th*s envelopes were ased in Frasce before they were introduced in England, and there seems to be good ground for the claim. Whea they first came on the French market they *ere very dainty novelties ind were made from the most expensive and delicate papers. They were used only by the wealthy, and were considered a fad. They were used by the public in England in a limited way between 1S30 and 1839. It has been claimed that about 1830 a bookseller in Brighton, England, by the name of Brewer, made envelopes by hand, the action of germs in the incoming- a«r; and thai he was the first manufacturer of envelopes; but there are quite a number of others who claimed to be "Srst" in this l«ne, including manufacturers in New- York, Boston, Philadelphia and Louisville. However, there is no one KOTV living who can testify on the subject, and no authentic records are available* for proof. Before envelopes were introduced th* custom, was to fold the letter sheet ^to make it answer the purpose of an envelope and, then seal it witff wax. On all folded note and 'letter pages the fourth page w»s left- unruled, the object being to use the unruled page for the outside of the letter on which to write the address- While the unruled fourth, page no longer serves its original purpose, file old custom on rujed folded note and let-. ,,_., ter paper of leaving the fourth page un- so that it is always in readiness, yet not ruled stilj prevails, though probably^ very interfering with free use of the hand. " ~ " * ~ to drive around in the city, as is done cept in its decreased sue. Popular Science Monthly, will have a body nowadavs, and, then when you start for be" narrower and shorter. ' hydroplane some other town and get on a straight weight, and wili_ be or a shaped similar to rhe present hull, making it both, a. water and r car. body will to reduce a modified streairi- land of vrav or eTter a nearbv pasture,.to un- line design. . . f--- _ _ _ _ * _ .-. " _ » » 1 A-.1*-- I- S. t. ... . .! machine. The wheels will protrude suffi- fold tie wings on the machine and take lighter and smaller, but with, aooutj.b. eiently to permit the machine to be driven to the air! It wi'I mean quicker trans- same horsepower as is used 10-0*-. on the highwav after the wings have been noT-tatioi for the suburbanite, for people through, the use of the sec " * ' ' "The wings will fold b A "Horseback" y the position of the nipple with reference to the milk when the bottle is t'pped 'f you don't believe it. The in- vcutor believes that, even if the cotton Smoke Bombs for i JIG * *»i£j.* » » i=* _ - ^ i -- -- -- -^ _ , r Ridinff Device S^l^mi^Sc^i,^^ JLVJLU.lJ.lg J-Tt/T A\^V, * he ^ off , hc ground st a moderate I T is aften said that horseback riding mediate arrangement of a pair of coiled is one o£ the best exercises in the springs for resilience. _ world. Xot everybody, however, owns ^^ZTi"^J^fjS % 3Z ... , - , - . , bicvcle frame, and the resilience of the *. horse, or would dare to ride one in these spring^ the rider gets many simultaneous muscular movements, every one of which has a meaning of its own for heahhful exercise and the reduction of supemuous im; \.tj.i vi* I..;*- ^---- -- -- ,, · "take-ofT speed. The twenty-nve-ioo,. soari that it is possible to ouild on t-e present-day motor car--twelve and one- «a!f foot v.ings on each sieie--wiii ce days of multitudinous .motors. Hence the usefulness of a contrivance developed by John J. Cooper, of Stamford, Conn.," which, the inventor claims, gives Ji equivalent benefit by "inducing muscular action, of the abdomen, legs, shoulders, neck and back."' In. effect, the apparatus is a stationary and -wheelless bicycle, with the usual saddle and handle-bars, the fork in front being prolonged sufficiently to reach "the ground--i. e., the floor--where its lower ends are pivoted in brackets so as to be movable. The pedals, actuated by the rider in ordinary fash:oii._drive s. sprocket-wheel that has a hub off the center, and which is thus made to revoHe eccentrically, jouncing the indoor horseman up and down. With this movement the fork is adipose tissue- The inventor lays special the lighter ana more efficfentlv built irachine. of 1940"Consider what such a roacnine wih n who vorks '-" tne ciu". :\eral miles fartlitr a^ay f the city anc spend less smri Troll- T\Or-v- J--V jlV- a and he points out that there is less cooling action by the air on the milk. Certainly there "arc less air bubbles in the milk." A Handy Eraser A DEVICE for holding an eraser always ready for instant use, yet out of the way, is the invention of a Chicago man, Merrill 51. Hunting. Is. is especially adapted for use by typists, bookkeepers and draftsmen. To look about for an eraser when one wants it momentarily is a bother. But this contrivance holds it fast to a finger, few of the younger generation can tell It is held on the middle finger bv a whv this is done. -" *' 1 -"--- "- --'1 - 1 - =·· : *J Envelopes were first made b-hand and the usual method of manufacture^ -was other end of the coiled spring engages this: A tin .form -was made the shape of theT not. unfolded blank, the paper having; been cut into lozenge-shaped pieces. " TRis tin form was laid -on per-, haps twenty-five pieces of paper and "a. sharp shoemaker's knife- followed round the edses of the tin form, thus «ottin|t the blank. The blanks were then creased with a boae folder or thimble. The blanks were gummed by overlapping and applying- the gum with a brush. This Trork was done in small "bookshops^* (U they ·were then called") oa rainy days and -when there was no other work to be done. When envelopes were first made the sealing flaps were tmgummed "ind *eA closed by applying at the point of" ffift sealing flap* a wafer of sealing wax. About 1840 "there appeared on - the market envelopes "with a smalt "lick of" from" about half an-inch square-at. the point of the sealing flap, ^and this very soo^ supplemented the, isafep of wax. When» however,, as a still f urfsr. improvement sonje. manufacturers 1egan to gam? the The Device Holds the Eraser to the Finger Without Interference with the Free Use cf the Hand. He T HE idea--its origin attributed to the cuttlefish--of creating an obscurity in which to hide has been, for maritime use, greatly developed since the war. One method, with which Uncle Sam's ravy has recently been experimenting, is to drop from a living airplane a cor.tinu- with a rivet the "stirrup" that grips tne oxis series of small phosphorous bombs. The latter, being: made of wood, float, and. on the surface of the sea. form s. long disk-shaped eraser. _ _ _ ,, . . . . . . _ Normally (as t!ie drawing shows) the whole of the sealing: amp..many protested eraser rests against the palm of the hand, against it; and while -willing: to moisten so that it does not interfere with the use the small spot of gum,"-for sanitary^w*- of the fingers. When, wanted for use, sons "tney were not -willing to- "Kefc" th» Colored Pictures Sent by Radio .-.GLOBED pi*TM t^lu. b/ yS^S^^^S^^C^ L y radio were shown reecntly ior tne ^ WuP . Thjs gn " ~ ' "" An Electric Lighter for Firss first time. Captain George A. Tay- es the effect as s^own on the original Colored pictures ar tne process in. Kadio Digest. The colored picture for transmission by radio is photographed through screens on to metal plates in the ordinary way for printing in -die three_primary cojors-7-yei- low, red and blue, tach plate is printed in black ink and the print is enlarged so that when acid etched on a metal plate it will hare deep etchings between the screen Ines. The plate is then placed in a cylinder moving -with a needle conurg in contact with the metal parts untouched _by the acid, and such contacts are transmitted b radio over any distance in the simple "dot and dash"' method, the "dot and dash"' being easily picked up as in ordinary reception bv radio, ar.d made to establish contact by means of ar. ink-marker on to a cylinder moving at the same speed as that at the transmitter. The receiving cylinder, however, is co~- ercd -with paper so that, at the receiving station the "picture is received in black as transmitted. It is then reduced to the their glory"of color. He also esi)la:neu a process bv which drawings can_ oe shown being- made at a distance, ar.n now line, a distance of only a few yards separating each bomb from the nest one. -- -- --,,-- . - i The bombs, their fuses set off automat- a pressure of the thumb turns it into enure flap. Aiter some time .. icaliy as thev are dropped from the plane, operative position, the coiled, spring readily- dice was overcome and. envelopes with liberate clouds of white smoke which form yielding for the purpose. gummed flaps rapidly came into favor. a vzll impenetrable to the eye. The smoke resembles a dense mist, behind which warcraft may maneuver unseen. It may be employed in warfare for other uses, but the object sought in any case is eonceaSenient. Sir.oke screens were commonly used darusg the great war. Phosphorus, emitted from so-called "smoke boxes." -was utilized for the concealment of vessels seeking escape from submarines. But the notion of employing airplanes to throw curtains of artificial mist across the sea, the-"- actual makin-- - » To Make Ball Pitching Perfect D L URIXG what may be called the '·off"' season for baseball, i; Is necessary that a pitcher s'-a':! keep in Dract.ce. For this purpose and also for the regular training oenoe. a ew Yorker.~Ado!ph O. Schonbcrg. has .mcr.tr- ed a "pitchers target cbia I N rural sections where it is de custom to let fires go out during the night, and where wood is depended upon entirely for fuel, an apparatus described in Practical Electrics may be found iery useful during the Winter time. 'When residing in the country the iv~the method above described or by_uis- -vnriter made one which worked perfectly, charging a chemical vapor directly from ^g aODaratns |g constructed of the fol- the flying machine, is altogetaer new. ^.^ Aerials- Three binding posts, cne %-inch induction coil, four dry cells, a block of wood 4x6s%, a match, a switch, and the necessary wire to make the connections- Mount -two of the binding posts on the block opposite each other, and with the aid of two pieces of shon: wire make a spark gap. The third post is mounted about TOO inches back from the center of these toro. Through the hole of this post a match is placed and securely clamped so that its head will fall in the spark gap between the other two iindrag- posts. Make all the necessary connections to the coil and battery. Before retiring at night kindling^ and wood are placed in the fire box of the stove. A piece of paper is trailed from The object: of the pitcher, engaged in practice, "is to hit with the thrown ball that part of the target which is contained within the rectangle. Every such hit counts as a ''strike."' T.'hen the ball hits the target anywhere outside ot^the jrect- ancrle it counts as a ''ball."' me object in "view, of course, Is to cult;-, ate accu- racv and control. 10 black Iin Tre bct tert- pic: What the Inventors Are (HE interlocking steel iaclr.g princi- turned on and the The Pedals of the Exerciser Pnve a Sprocket V,"heel with the Hub Off Centre Which Causes Ihe Rider to Botmce Up and Down as in Horseback Ridir.g. the other aroun his arms. other be": screwed into ihe -ioor, ·nith for bought, the laces are tightened to fit the foot. After that )t is necessary merely to slide a key a? or down to "lace" or "unlace"' the shoe. Tre automatic laccr s placed on the side of the shoe, which otherwise ressmblss t.:e recu'ar artic'e. *. * * An automatic lighter haa been designer which is attached to a"A con ·^ater^ nea^r p.n1 :na%" be oocratcc f~o*n ary tioor o: th? horn's. A pattr-ted --^-K i£ ;r.stal" -. n: gas to t".e"burner ar.-i'"oroo--es a pilot light. A chair, L=; cor.r.tctc l %Jih t'. is a-^ °(i to ar.;. ftoor -loir^:. y acre _it i- fixed to a -*sj! pint-'- B" ^-.llirr t,' o chain to a hook on the plats the gss .^ to save waste. A telcscoclc star,'', pas been ms--"- that \r~ll ^ol'l o^ant* ir. s. n y po~it on · ~ ro j ». The larger ar.;- j-ea- -- "· « rot. tV -ore position desire-:. I-y. .|i r,o" i^atcs tiie (ia^icr^r 01 t^z s» ; et- \VI:en ro; ;T use. it f-3 -pace. Too;"'. cac"; row o: bnrlc^ ca- T-cr-- a-f tl s.bc-5 the ra 1 A Fire Lighter Which Ignites a Sheet of Paper so as to Set Kindling Wood on Fire and.Start a Coal Store. ll be adjacent to the head of th© match. When the current is turned on the spark -KT!! ignite the match and thas the paper wii! catch fire and trail tip to the kindling the grate to the hesfth", where the lighter :n the stove. The result is a warm rests, and arranged so that an edge of it kitchen when the family comes down. To Prevent Writer's Cramp, For vears. -various mechanical devices Through this plaster-of-Paris model she have been tricU for the prevention 01 writers' cramp in those who have to write constantly. There recently appeared a picture of Paol Vosbarg-, z. German ir.- ventor, usinfc v.hat was described as "blocks of woo-a"' for this purpose. "J tiave seen molds of dental wax used, but their weight :s a serious objection." thrust a lead pencil. With this as -a guide, a mold of ·willow wood of similar contour was made in the artificial limb department of tne Institute for Cripcled and Disabled Men. The mold was hollowed out in, the center, for lightness. The pen^or pencil, which passes through the body 01 the block, is retained in position by -wrapping a few turns of robber baad around the savs Dr. ReeinaW K. Sax-re :n The Journal pen or pencil ^here it projects at the top __ ·. . . r _ _ _ ^ T _ j.^-i _* ~~^~;««..rt^. "-VT!^C 3rf} »t. rhp. nottom. TUG entire atraratus* - "TV* rri^' C be coT.cn:cr.V. carri TJ, e Pitcher Iran-eves His Accuracy r r c- !-y TVftiin;: the Bali So That It Comes -·',: - . ,-,, " Within the Hectangle Indicated , · - -'-c^t. on the Figure Shown Above. 11 the American M^chcal Association Keer.lv. the clerk .n % srsity and Bellevue Hosoltal Medical Col- legs, was verr nrach troubled with pain in her right arm ar.-i 5 and 7-henever she hai -rrach -sritjpg to t'.o. arid after exp_er*- isenr.rs: -srith variotis r-.tthocs to relieve her hand from crarro. I-a f i the apuaratus 33?.J- :i:st cas afforded --er great relief. sr ! by j'Oiiir.g a Vet o'a-txr-of-Paris bard- agrc at the bottom. The entire aparatus, cJ:n-c at ins XTni- per.cil and al 1 , weighs slightly n:ore than one ounce, althocen it is iargs -enough to fiU the hand with the fingers only slightly 'In the use of this apparains, haad *sd Suger motion is elimirjated, the patiest?a hand or the lower end of the wooden mold sliding along the paper, "wipe elbow and shoulder motion are eKipJored ia .-.= Keeriv ir.at-t, ir.e orlglr-al Eocel writing. . ., , , , - - - - - ^xhe device could procaoly be maoe oy ( \

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