The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on January 7, 1955 · Page 8
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 8

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Friday, January 7, 1955
Page 8
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PAOB EIGHT BLYTHEVILLE (ARK.)' COURIBR NEW1 FRIDAY, JANUABT T, 19M REVIEW- FORECAST Irrigation Saved Corn, Helped Beans But Little By D. A. BROWN and R. B. BENEDICT University Extension Service university xvAictiaiuii .aci utt The effect of irrigation on corn yields was studied at the Main Experiment Station, Fayetteville, in 1953. These experiments were expanded in 1954 to include the irrigation of soybeans' and sorghum as well as corn. Basic applications of nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, and lime were'applied before seeding in the 1954 work, with an additional 120 pounds of nitrogen applied to the corn as a side- dressing, according to soil test recommendations. The monthly rainfall distribution during April through August, 1954, was 3.40, 4.42, 0.49, .0.82, and 1.13 inches, respectively, for a total of 10.86 inches. Fourteen inches or water were applied by irrigation, 2 inches each on June 15, July 8, 15, and 28, and August 10, 18, and 28. The total water received by the crops In June, July, and August was 3.49, 6.82, and 7.73 inches, respectively. The irrigation water applied represented 80, 88, and 18 per cent oj the total water reaching the crops in each of the months. The crops received a total of 24.86 Inches of water during the five months from April through August. Yield data resulting from irrigation are given in the accompanying table. Daily temperatures were above 99 degrees F. on 14 days between the period July 5 to 25, and 15 days in the period August 10 to 30. These high temperatures reduced the effectiveness of irrigation moderately on corn, and to Effect of Irritation on Crop Yields, Main Experiment Station, Fayetteville, 1954 Crop and Variety Irrigated Not Irrigated Increase Yield per Acre Corn (bu. shelled corn) Texas 28 65.86 00.00 65.86 Sorghum (tons of forage) ' Atlas 21.27 6.24 15.03 Sart 27.86 5.14 22.72 Tracy 25.44 ' 6.60 18.84 Soybeans Dorman (bu. seed) 6.81 3.66 3.15 Ogden (tons of forage) 1.33 0.42 0.91 Lee (tons of forage) 1.78 0.52 1.26 a very serious extent on soybeans. The low yield of 6.8 bushels per acre of soybeans represents the effete of high temperatures- upon crop growth even in the presence of adequate soil moisture. The earlier variety of soybeans (Dorman) was harvested for seed, while the later-maturing Ogden and Lee varieties had to be cut for hay because of poor seed set. While these high temperatures did not noticeably affect the efficiency of irrigation on sorghum yields, there was the indication that the temperatures materially affected the rate of water loss from the soil. Irrigating at intervals of from 8 to 12 days did not maintain optimum soil moisture levels in the soil during the periods of high temperatures. It was indicated that the interval between irrigations would need to be only 4 to 6 days in order to maintain a high level of soil moisture under such high temperatures. Missouri Farmers Considering Sorghums Again Should combine type sorghums be grown by Missouri farmers? Why have so many farmers in the state tried these sorghums and after ft year or two abandon the crop? Can changes be made in production practices that will make this crop feasible and profitable under Missouri conditions? Wm. J. Murphy, extension field crops specialist at the University of Missouri, says these are some of the questions farmers ask when considering growing grain sorghums. Farmers are naturally attracted to a grain crop that will lend Itself to harvest with a combine. Combine type sorghums do not yieid with corn on good land but on shallow, low organic matter soils their extra drouth resistance will, over a period of- years, produce average yields that will be greater than that obtained from corn. The feeding value, pound for pound after grinding, will closely approximate that of corn. According to Murphy, growing of combine type sorghums in Missouri on a practical basis year after year must either involve a gram drying system so that the harvest can b'e made in season or else arrangements must be available to transfer the crop direct from the combine to someone who does have drying; facilities. There are instances in the state where drying systems have made combine type sorghums a profitable crop—and in some exceptional cases on land that will actually return more bushels of corn an acre. A farmer in one of the northern counties who has a large farm and operates an extensive winter lamb feeding program has found that the use of combine type sorghums and a, drying system enables him to produce his grain crop with less labor and, sorghum crop, he can readily interseed rye between the rows in late summer. And, Murphy says, the rye and sorghum plants remaining after combining make excellent forage for lambs during late fall and winter. Little research on these combine type sorghums has been conducted in this, state simply because the early work clearly indicated thn problem of saving the grain after it was grown. Variety information comes largely from Kansas and Oklahoma, neither of which generally recommends combine type sorghums in the eastern third ot their states because of the storage problem. Murphy says it appears that Martin's is one of the best varieties, having relatively good yields and early maturity with an open type head that aids in faster drying in 'the field. Other good varieties include, Colby's Wheatland, Westland and Midland. Red Ian, Redbine 60 and Redbine (J6 have good yield but are somewhat later in maturity which makes their use in this state questionable. Recent sorghum hybridization developments may make it advisable to reassess the place of these corn- cine types in Missouri within the next few years. The discovery ot male sterile sorghum plants has now made practical the production of sorghum hybirds on much the same basis as hybrid corn is now produced. Large increases in yield over regular varieties is reported from the Texas Experiment Station wherr the majority of the developmental work is being done, Murphy says. There is a distinct possibility that hybrid varieties will be developed that will give greatly improved yields over present varieties under our conditions. Combine type varieties with increased yielding ability would, of course, make it morq feasible to invest in necessary drying equipment. These possibilities and the new competitive position of combine type sorghums in relation to alternate crops cannot be fully nssessed until sufficient testing of these new hybrid varieties has been done under Missouri conditions. "STONE CANCER" Because of a rumored collapse of the famous Colosseum, the Italian government is examining a phenomenon known as "cancer of the stone," which is said to threaten the historical monuments of the whole world. WARNING ORDER IN THE CHANCERY COURT, CHICKASAWBA DISTRICT, MISSISSIPPI COUNTY, ARKANSAS Alma PInley Rains, Pltf. vs. No. 12,877 T. L. Rains. Dft. The defendant, T. L. Rains, is hereby warned to appear within thirty days in the court named in the caption hereof and answer the compla int of the plaintiff, Alma Finley Rains. Dated this 23rd day of December, 195-1. SEAL GERALDINE LISTON, Clerk. By OPAL DOYLE, D. C. Elbert Johnson, Atty. for Pltf. Max B. Harrison, Atty. Ad Litem. 12/24-31-1/7-14 choose o JOHN DEERE-KILLEFER WHEEL-TYPE! Free yourself of that time-consuming, backbreaking job of loading and unloading your harrow at disking time. You'll get around faster ... do better work with a dependable John Deere-Killefer "H" Series Wheel-Type Offset Harrow. In seconds, smooth, positive hydraulic power raises the harrow high and clear, on its own rubber-tired wheels, and you're ready to go. There's no lifting ... no adjustments to make ... no delay. The "H" Series is of fixed-angle construction; gangs are set in the proper cutting angle for best disking at all times. Weight is well distributed for deep, uniform penetration over the entire cutting width. Available in 5-1/4- to 7-1/2-foot cutting widths. See us for details. MISSCO IMPLEMENT CO. South Highway 61 Phone 3-4434 JOHN DEERE Dealer/** QUALITY FARM EQUIPMENT Temperatures to Vary The weather maps below give you toe U. S. Weather Bureau'o long-range forecast for January. It is not a specific forecast in the usual sense but an ESTIMATE of the average rain or snowfall and temperatures for th« period. MUCH AIOVE NORMAL AIOVE NORMAL NCA> NOIMAL IELOW NORMAL MUCH IELOW NORMAL County ASC Plan Stands Approved First Period For Filing Requests Is To End Feb. 15 The 1955 Agricultural Conservation Program for Mississippi .County has been approved and requests can now be made for cost-sharing on approved practices to be started before Aug. 1. 1955, according to H. C. Knappenberger, chairman of. the county ASC committee. During January, temperatures will averase above normal east of the Appalachians and below normal west at the Rockies. HEAVY [ [ MODERATE 1955. The total supply available up to next harvest is 8 percent above the previous record supply. Prices are expected to continue steady the first part of the year and then show weakness as crop estimates can be made on the 1955 prospects and adjustments are made to $2.06 per bushel support prices for the 1955 crop. EXPECTED PRECIPITATION Precipitation dorlnt Jinairj la expected to exceed norm*! ID the eastern put of C. S. Normal amounts Indicated elsewhere. Pemiscot Notes By W. F. James, Pemiscot County Agent Our county extension staff re- on soybeans for 1955. It is reason- cently spent a day along with oth- able to believe that beans will gen- er extension agents of Southeast erally be planted on the acres left Missouri studying the outlook for out of cotton in Pemiscot County 1955. I shall try to give you here ' as well as in the general area. a condensed version of the outlook mostly as applied to Pemiscot County. The general overall economic picture is about the same 1954, with improvement probable than declines. This of course is expected to result in a considerable increase in production. Prices for the 1955 soybean crop j will depend on production and ex- Marketings of farm products may be slightly lower due to production controls. Prices received by farmers may be slightly lower, continuing the trend of the past several years. Prices paid by farmers may also be lower, reflecting increased production. Net farm income may decline very slightly. Land prices are expected to continue their slow decline. Farm family living expenses are expected to continue near 1954 levels. Now let's look at some spe- more ports and are somewhat uncertain. Generally prices for beans are expected to be about the same in 1955 as they were in 1954. If this be the case and a near normal season comes to us, the loss in cotton Income due to allotments can easily be made up in soybean income. In other words, income in Peml scot County in 1955 could be as good or even better than in 1954. What About Stored Beans? Prices for the current crop dropped to S2.51 in September, rose to $2.54' In October and $2.65 by November 6. This increase in price during harvest reflects the cific commodities compared to last year. etlect of an estimated 40-50 percent Cotton ' j of the crop being stored on farms. We have 10,000 less cotton acres' Our county probably stored near with 102,000 acres allotment compared to 112.000 acres ot last year. With the reduced national acreage allotment the national production for 1955 is expected to be considerably less. Increased domestic consumption and exports are expected to reduce the record inventory of cotton In 1955. Nevertheless the supply of cotton will still be large at the end of 1955. Soybeans 50 percent. A price of $3.00 to {3.25 per bushel would likely move a considerable quantity of stored beans into trade channels, thereby preventing further price increases. Therefore the high in soybean prices is likely'to be reached earlier than last year (March instead j of May) and prices are not likely to reach last yeLr's high of S3.55. Wheat Continuing burdensome supplies and lower prices are in prospect Under the 1966 program, Mr. Knappenberger explained, farmers file requests for cost-sharing and the county ASC committee approves the requests to the extent that available funds and equitable cost- sharing permit where the practices are found to be needed and practical. The program year begin* on January 1, 1955 and closes on December 31, 1955. •The first period for filing requests will close on Feb. 16, 1968, after which time the county committee will make the Initial approval of practices with definite units and cost-shares determined. A sign-up period will be announced later for practices to be carried out in the fall. Late request* can be filed at any time but they can be considered only to the extent, that funds are then available. Requests for cost-sharing may be filed at the county ASC office in the court house at Blytheytlle. Under the 1955 program, cost- sharing will be given only for practices for which the request is filed by the farmer before performance for the practice Is started. Cost-sharing will be for practices on a guaranteed basis only there There is no acreage allotment I for the wheat crop harvested In YOU CAN BE PROUD TOO .... \ WITH OUR CLEAN-OP, PAINT-UP, feint fern RED'Special inspection at the same time. 5-STAR SERVICE BRING YOUR TRACTOR IN NOW TO AVOID THE RUSH Schedule your date to'day Delta Implements, Inc. "Service Holdt Our Trade" BIytheviile Phone 3-6863 You're Invited to See and Try JANUARY 8 Better Farming — More Profit For You Tune in tho Notional Farm and Horn. 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