Page 1 article text (OCR)
BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OP NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 241 Blythevlll* Courier Blythevlll* Dully Newt Mississippi Valley Lud«r Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, JANUARY 7, 1955 TWELVE PAGES Published Dally Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS Military Plan Gets General Acceptance But President's Address Fails To Still All Critics of Cuts WASHINGTON (AP) — General applause for the military sections of President Eisenhower's State of the Union message failed today to still voices in Congress questioning the wisdom of military manpower cutbacks. + Many Democrats and some Republicans said they will await fur- thur details before making up up their minds about the proposal to trim strength from the Army, Navy and Marine Corps. And Sen. Russell (D-Ga), who will head the Senate Armed Services Committee, said he may reestablish a special preparedness subcommittee with broad powers to Inquire into defense policies and opera t Jons. Most lawmakers agreed with the President that this country and other free nations must continue to spend many billions on defease for years to come. And none appeared to disagree with his proposal for 'balance and flexibility" In the armed services with emphasis upon air power and 'new weapons, especially those of rapid and destructive power." Directed Policies The former general said it was "at my personal direction" that the military policies were formu- Women Weaker Sex? Ha! Live Longer, Stay Healthier CHICAGO (AP) — Wome not only have a six-year Ion er life span than men but a; parently live more hale ar hardy lives, A nationwide survey released t day showed men patients outnuir bered women patients by 77,72 late In 1953—642,156 men to 564,4: Women. This was despite the fact tha an average of one sixth of all pe sons admitted to hospitals pregnant women. The women outclassed the me healthwlse in every age bracke Even in the childbearing ages 15 to 44 years there was an cess of 13,233 males in the 6.53 registered hospitals covered in th survey. Results of (he survey, made b the Bureau of Medical Economi Research of the American Med cal Assn., came as a big surprise Voluntary health insurance plan show more females than male Utilize this service. Frank G, Dickinson. Ph. D., bu reau director, said it was believe when the survey started that n more, than 40 to 45 per tent the patients would be males. Men Sicklier "The evidence of higher hospita incidence or morbidity rates males strongly implies" that the are the sicklier and more hosp] taltzed sex," he said. The breakdown in other ag brackets showed there was an ex ce.ss of 11.353 mates in the group of 14 and under, an exces of 51.185 males in the 45-64 yen age group and an excess of 1.94 males in the 65 and over group. Females made up slightly mon than half the nation's population— 50.3 per cent. However, the survej showed that males made up 53.: of the hospital patients. There were 98.605 more male: than females in Veterans Admin istration hospitals. However, nongovernmental hospitals women exceeded men by 64,631. The AMA Journal commentec editorially: "If this survey has demonstrated that males rather than females art the weaker sex. part of the expln nation mast be found in fedora hospital practices. Another specu lation is that the factor of child sex ratio of hospital patients bj bearing is more than offset in the cupatloiml hazards may play male veterans. Accidents and excess of 11,400 boys among parole, but they hardly explain the tients under 15 years of age. This survey has established that males are the more hospitalized sex." B47 Sets Two New Jet Marks BUFFALO, N. Y. WJ — An Air Force B47 bomber has broken the distance and endurance records for jet aircraft by staying aloft 47 hours and 35 minutes and covering 21.000 miles. The record-breaking flight was revealed by Secretary of the Air Force Harold E, Talbott in speech here last night honoring Dr. Clifford C. Furnns, new chancellor of the University of Buffalo. The Air Force In Washington said the, flight was made last month by a six-jet B47 that shuttled bock and forth between England nnd North Africa and finally landed at Fail-ford Royal Air Force Base near London. The average speed was about 445 miles an hour, the Air Force sold. The previous endurance record achieved by a B47 jet was 24 hours am] one minute In a flight last summer. A propeller-driven B60, the "Lucky Lady," had flown 23,108 miles In 1!H9, But the B50 took 04, hours. I ated, and he added: "In my judgment they will give our nation a defense accurately adjusted to the national need." Sen. Jackson (D-Wash), who has Democrats Ponder Ike's 'New Dealish Program Warm Response WHERE'S THE LINE? — The usual Jong lineup of state automobile tag buyers was conspicuous by its absence in City Hall this morning but there was still a sizeafcle lineup of persons wait- ing: to buy drivers' license. The line here is queued up in front of the drivers' license desk while there was no line at the automobile tag desk. (Courier News Photo) Red Officer Warns Russia Would Return US A-Attack I Co munis t party newspaper Prav-i "The most fashionable di.sea.se in l da. Broadcast at length by Moscow j the West nowadays Turns Quickly To Disagreement WASHINGTON (AP)—Dem-! or.": :f s nonrtercd today how to cope politically with what their leaders called a "New! De?lish" domestic program i laid hefore Congress yester-1 ctey by President Eisenhower. Thn President appeared to have put the opposition party on the d^ff.'n^ive with a 53-mimne State of the Union mess a 30 in which he either asked action or laid tne j groundwork for future requests on I 33 foreign and domestic problems. The fiiv-t reaction to the President's call for "unhesitating cooperation" between the Democratic- controlled Congress and the Republican executive branch was one of outwardly warm acceptance. But while there was ready ? ment among lawmakers of The Arkonsos Legislature /955 AssemWy Bills Will Run the Gamut From News to Nudism EDITOR'S NOTE — This is the third and last of a series on matters likely to come to the attention of the Arkansas Legislature at its approaching session. By LEON HATCH LITTLE ROCK (AP) — The 1955 General Assembly, which opens its 60-day stand here Monday, is due to get bills dealing with everything from nudism to news. Rep. Dewey Stiles of Hot Spring County has announced he tvill introduce a measure designed to hall nudism—at least except as a strictly private practice—and the sale of nudist magazines. Rep. Carroll HolLensworth has •rep-, i said he will offer a bill to aid t-hf both; ilow of public information by less tradition and human fondness for payday are disregarded. The measures the ones which apropri- ote for salaries and expenses of House and Senate members and employes. Before the two houses adjourn March 10 amid song and cxpres- parties with Eisenhower's plea to I strengthening a present law which | s ; ons °\ fellowship, hundreds oi "let the general good be our yard- was intended to prevent secret ses- " er mils W1L ' stick on every great issue of our 1 sions of pubic boards and commis- By EDDY GILMORE i otherwise identified, made the as-1 does not have an edge on Russia LONDON (AP) A Soviet ] senion in an article in the Soviet I in atomic or hydrogen weapons. officer declared today that i not the United States ever been critical of the planned Army dropped a hydrogen bomb On reduction, said there appears to — be "conflicting Pentagon on had opinions" at the this. vVe had an atomic monopoly on massive retaliation but that did not stop the Korean War and we were unprepared to fight it," Jackson said. Jackson said "there IB a defi- iltc need" for a thorough congressional inquiry into this and related subjects. Sen. Flanders (R-Vt), an Armed Services committeeman, said he could "go along" with all oi the Elsenhower defense proposals except possibly the cutback In ground orces. "They will have to show me how we can safely defend Europe with atomic cannons or other new weapons replacing military manpower," Flanders said. Sen. Long (D-La), on the other land, said he would support a reduction in the military forces. 'I've always been convinced we could have more fighting capacity with less men and money," he said. Need Details Sen. Gore (D-Tenn) .said the Ei- enliowcr proposal "sounded good mt he did not give us details we nust have." Rep. Vinson (D-Ga). who will head the House Armed Services 'ommittce. said "I find myself in general agreement with the presi- ient's message concerning our na- ional defense. Obviously, we will t'ant to examine closer the de- ails involved in his program." The President promised to spell nit details for defense plans in wo messages he will send Confess next Thursday. One will ask extension of the raft, due to expire June 30, plus new version of military training n tended to expand nnd strengthen he reserves. The other will offer selective pa> loosts plus fringe benefits. The Pentagon has already lounced Eisenhower will ask tha p to 100,000 draft-age youths bi Mowed to volunteer for six months f training, after which they Would •e obligated in a reserve unit fo: ine years. This would free them rom the draft. Bills embodying a modified ver ion of this plan were introducec cstcrday in both the Senate and louse with bipartisan sponsorship nd strong back of the American icglon. • atomic radio, his commentary was en- j fever," said ihe officer. "This disitled: | ease has infected a considerable D -- ,, .H - - . rn 1,1 "What American atomic maniacs i number of highly placed officials Russia, the Communists WOUld j snould n0t forget ." Us well as ministers, generals, field retaliate by dumping one onj The broadcast was for Russian i mar^a's -and others i n the U.S.A. America. j home consumption. It told the So-1 and Britain. Lt. Gen. Gritchin, who was not i viet people that the United States "No Monopoly" "But it appears that the U.S.A. does not hold a monopoly cf either atomic or hydrogen weapons," he added. Gritchin said Washington spokesmen 'were trying to persuade their rountrympn that the American Air Force could deal .a lightning blow at targets in the'U.S.S.R. without fear oi retaliation. "The zealous American atomic maniacs should not forget that the the ag- I time," signs uf .disagreement were i sions but which has worked some' what less than perfectly, Traditionally, the first bills to bo offered to the Legislature — 60th biennial session in Arkansas' • 119 years, of statehood—will be House Bill No. 1 and Senate Bill No. 1. They'll be the first passed too un- Building, Street Work Held Fast Pace in '54 Mayor E. R. Jackson toted up a few year-end figures today and came up with a pair of conclusions that building in Blytheville rolled right along in 1954 while street work continued at a rapid pace. Figures show that the "paper 1 value if building in the city during the year reached the $1.4 million mark. These figures are based on esti- DWI, Speeding ionds Forfeited William P. Bear forfeited a bond f $111.75 in Municipal Court this lorning on a charge of driving •hile unddr the Influence of liquor In other action three persons orfeited bonds of $19.75 on charges speeding. They are: George Greer, ichard Daynall, and Alonzo King. Pines totaling $15 against Charles eals on charges of operating a mo- vehicle without a driver's 11- ense and without a state license ere suspended, Inside Today's Courier News . , Rig Seven Schools Favor Admission of Chicks . . . Still No Inal Decision Made . . . Blythc- lllft, Lcachvillc In Semi-final :ound of NEA Tournament . . , ports , . , PnffCfl 6 und 7 ... , , The Test of Mvlnff . . . Editorials . . . Pnire 4 ... . Farm News and Review Fagot 8 and 9 . , . , , TV for '55: Spectacular* Here To Stay — And Get lUgger P*/re 12 ... WyattSays Decision DueTonighl LITTLE ROCK ',?) — Arkansas football coach Bowden Wyatt toll! the Arkansas Democrat today that he will decide tonight whctlior tti accept an offer as head coach at the University of Tennessee. In a telephone interview with Democrat Sports Editor Jack Keady, the coach said, "I must roach some decision tonight. You can expect something" before Sunday." Wyatt is in New York, where he is attending a meeting of the National Football Coaches Association. At Fiiycttcvillc, President John Tyler Caldwcll of the University of Arkansas told newsmen that Wyatt had telephoned him that he would have his decision ''by night fall." Wyatt told Keady that he still has not made a decision on accepting the job at Tennessee, where he played his college football. motes of cost .submitted by the builders themselves and in some cases are as much as 70 per cent below actual cost. The totnl here also includes some 5250,030 for the Central Metal Products building, erected out of the pockets of BLythevHIe taxpayers and for which no building permit was needed by special decree of the i.I ay or. The city also kept its blacktop- pint,' machine busy during the year. It put down just short of three miles of new blacktop in '54. Heading the list of blacktopped streets were Elm with 4,000 and j Walker Park's drive with 3,000 feet. \ McHaney Road has 2.503 feet. | Other figures showed 706 gas per- j mits. 157 plumbing permits and 14F electric permits were written. Simon, Eighth. Shivers, Keith and RosmoncJ streets all got, new conts of gravel during the year. Two-hundred feet of ne\y walks, an equal amount of new cement streets nnd 2.0CO feet of curbing and gut twins were done by city forces. All told, it added up to a misy year on the loca! public works scene. Soviet Union possesses . all be submitted. Some will be perennials offered at every session and promptly slap- down; others will represent distinct innovations. Some will be the product of careful thought and preparation; others will be hastily drawn and full of loopholes. Most important perhaps to their See ASSEMBLY on Page 3 .ong in appearing. Farm Plan Criticized Key Democrats criticized the President's plea for continuance of flexible farm price supports, called his report on economic conditions "too optimistic." attacked his local-federal "partnership" program of national resource development, turned thumbs down informally on proposed revision of the Taft-Hartley Labor Act, urged a larger boost in the statutory minimum wage than he suggested and disagreed with his indication that he does not believe Alaska is ready for statehood. sa rb7o k !ng S fo e r n ESniower'ffor'- WASHINGTON (AP) - President Eisenhower's propos- eign policy objective of attaining j al to raise the nationwide minimum wage from 75 to 90 cents a "durable peace," but what was j an hour had a generally good reception in Congress today but perhaps an ominous silence from i some senators were chary about a companion recommenda- 90 Cent Minimum Plan Well Received means necessary to rout gressor." Referring- to U.S. planes shot down near Soviet frontiers in re- , operatlons evidently would be- cent years, the Russian officer ! achieve, military manpower reduction while maintaining the armed forces in balance. The first of the Democrats' prob- etx " tion to include more workers. Eisenhower's renewed _ request promised the Communists i .would continue to shoot them down. He concluded by claiming • the American Air Force suffered a tremendous defeat in the Korean War. Because of this, he said, the United, States decided it must rearm West Germany to create a t military machine for war on land. with this military program, ; when it is laid down in detail. Sen. I Russell (D-Ga^ incoming c.hair- j man of the Senate Armed Services Committee, said he was "serious- Bid Dates Set Haines To Speak i At State Meeting Courier News Editor-Assistant Publisher H. A. Haines will be a brief speaker and a member of a lour-m.au panel this afternoon when the Arkansas Press Association convenes in Little Rock. Principal speaker on the APA's program will bo United Press Wash- ingtcn bureau chief and autnor, Merriman Smith. Losing GOP Team Spent More Than Demos in Last Election LITTLE ROCK—Bid dates for seven additional construction ,iobs at Blytheville Air Force have been tentatively scheduled, it was announced today. The jobs and tentative bidding dates follow: Construction of approximately 27,000 square yards of asphaltic concrete paving for storage and motor pool areas, Januarv j ly considering" .setting up a preparedness subcommittee to help with the job. In what amounted to a chorus of agreement, Democratic leaders said Eisenhower was stealing past I Democratic thunder in his propos-1 als for extending health services, adjusting the formula for old age • pensioas. a promised new school aid program, extension of the Small Business Act and a proposed hu^e h:^h\vay building program. Democratic Position Sen. Lyndon B. Johnson of Texas. the Democratic leader, said the Pre5ident used a "Democratic premise" in his message, adfiing for changes m the Taff-Hartley law to advance its "basic objectives" did not appear to have much more practical chance of achievement than last year, when Congress rejected his revision b'il. Sen. Ciemente iD-Ky), the assistant Democratic floor leader, said, the new Democratic Congress will raise the minimum wage." He declined to forecast how much. Joiner Youth, 6, Struck by Truck Shuwnee Student injured After Alighting from Bus JOINER — David Glen 6-year-old Shawnee grade „,,,_ Welch. school i Sen, H. Alexander Smith (R-N), outgoing chairman of the Senate Labor Committee, which will han- Sen. H. Alxander Smith (R-NJ) die the legislation, included the 90 cent figure in a bill he introduced, and said he would fight to have it enacted. That would be a 20 per cent boost over the present minimum, fixed in 1949. Some Want SI Sen. Hill f D-Ala), prospective new chairman of the committee, indicated a lower figure might be more acceptable, although a number of oth?r Democrats have called for SI or more. Hill said he would have no objection to a boost equal to the rise in the cost of living since 19-19—about 13 per cent. The 15 cent hourly increase recommended by Eisenhower would give an automatic wage boost to an estimated 1.300,000 workers, most of them in the South. Some Southerners appeared unfriendly to the whole idea of an increase, partly on the ground it would, indirectly affect farm labor costs, sm the lender, said (hat on domestic mat-1 °£ , a P ic ^ u P alighted from a school bus one: ters the President's message "might well be termed New Deal- ish." Sen. Clements CD-Ky>, assistant AFL President George Meany CIO officials also termed it in- 25; construction of parachute and j leader, was "glad to see the Pr.esi- dinghy building and communication building, February 17; construction joining: the Democrats on so many fronts." He said proposals of one igloo and two small storage j for reciprocal trade extension with buildings, February 24; rehabiliia- \ tariff-cutting powers, the school tion of three hangars, March 3; re- ! ronMruction program and the hlgh- habilitntion of four shop buildings j er minimum wage all were part and a warehouse, March 9; rehabil-i of "Democratic pn Station of railroads. March 9; and ! Echoing the sami about $3,716,184 last year, they were .fighting unsiic- WASHINGTON WWThe losers spant about $800,000 more lhan the winners In the 1054 national election campaign for control of Congress. Reports filed with the clerk ol the House showed .today that four Republican national organizations spent when ccssfully to keep their thin margin in Contjre.ss In last November's elections. That was about 28 per cent more ,han indicated spending for nn- ,lonnl Democratic groups, who saw their candidates take over control of the House and the Senate Ibis week by n slender mnjori- y. The Democratic figure includes spending by national labor political amounts in Democratic campaigns, with hardly a trickle to Republican candidates. The Demon™ Uc-ln bor spending •oportcd so far was $2,822,031, but the figure ivns not quite complete Political Action Committee—tins not reported on the last two months of 1954. Both the Republican and the Democratic-labor groups reported almost exactly the same total deficit for the year: about $266,000 each. Republican spending was divided thus: Republican National Committee. $1,803,774; Republican Congressional Campaign Committee, S10fi,072; GOP Senate Campaign Committee, $373,810; and lllzcns for Eisenhower Congressional Committee. Democratic and labor groups reported this spending; Democratic National ommlllcc. $l,343.74fl; Senate Campaign Committee, $251,469; Congressional Committee, $58,916; labor's League for Political Education (AFL), $485,081, and the CRTs PoMiicnl Action Committee, $61)3,>U7 (through October). •ograms." ,e note. Chair- rehabilitation of swimming pool,; mnn Paul Butler of the Democrat- March 10. j ic National Committee found Ei- Invitations for bids for the van- senhower "going over to the Demous items of work' will be issued | ocratic program. about a month before each bid- "" ' ding date except in the case of the paving. The invitation for the paving bids was issued Jan. 4. Ten contracts for work at Blytheville Air Force Base have been awarded, according to Colonial Brown, aggregating S5,756,COO. mile north of here. Deputy Sheriff J, T. 'Busteri j Wigley of Wilson, who investigated i aa ^ ( l uale the accident, said the extent of the | Now exempted from the mini- child's injuries is not known but | mum are a11 retai! trade and serv ' he is not believed to be critically • 1CC n *orkera, fanners, salesmen injured anc * °' ncrs - Anc * 110 J° os n °t di- According to Deputy Wigley I rectl >' affecting interstate corn- merce are "covered." On the question of extending y a pickup truck driven j coverage beyond the 24 million by N. Koury of Steele, Mo., when workers now covered, Smith said he attempted to cross Highway 61 ! in an interview: young Welch, son of Mr. and Mrs. George Welch of Joiner, was struck by after alighting from the bus. Deputy Wigley stated that Mr. On (he Republican side. Sen. See DEMOCRATS on Page 3 of the accident. "I can't anricipate now who should come into rhe program. Koury failed to stop for the school j That will require deep and serious bus and that charge? rieainst him ' study." are pending further investigation ; Eisenhower called only lor in- 1 elusion of 'many others.'' Weather ARKANSAS—Generally fair this afternoon. Increasing cloudiness nnd slightly warmer tonight. Saturday, mostly cloudy with occasional rain. MISSOUKI—Mostly fair this afternoon and tonight; Saturday increasing cloudiness and warmer; low tonight ncnr 20 north to 25-30 south; high Saturday 40s northeast to 50-55 elsewhere. Minimum this inouihiiL—29. Maximum ypstcrtli\y—46. flimrlsc tomorrow—7:07. Sunset toclny—5;05, Mean temperature—37,5. Precipitation Inst 24 hours to 7 n m. —none. Precipitation Jan. i to rtnte— .0-}. This Pair Last Year Maximum yesterday—55. Minimum this morning—28. Prwlpftntlon Jnnunry 1 to find tiono. Air Force Releases First Catalogue Of Plans for Projected Academy NEW YORK OB—The. Air Force let the public in today on its plans for a "West Point of the Air"— which soon will join the U.S. Military Academy. Annapolis and the Coast Guard Academy in training officers for the armed forces. The catalogue for the projected Air Force Academy outlines the program of instruction In its description of the course labeled "georgraph 101-102," to be given in the, freshman year, the catalogue states, "Particular emphasis Is placed on the comparative potentials of the United, states and the U.S.S.R." In describing work, to be undertaken In a course in "airmanship," It says. "Upon completion the cadet will bo qualified to plan and net as navigator on a polar flight." Lt. Gen. H.R. Harmon, superintendent of the academy, due to _ j open in temporary quarters at I Lowry Air Force Base, Denver, next uly, invited newsmen to a seminar at Columbia University today to discuss plans for the school. Set up under the same law that governs operation of West Point, the Air Force Academy is expected to go into permanent quarters near Colorado Springs, Colo,, in 1957. Only a freshman class will be enrolled this year, with new clas.sc.s entering each year. Not until 1958, when there will be a four- year student body, will the academy engage in varsity level athletic events. The academy will not be a flying school, although some graduates will go on to become pilots and all cadets .will be taken aloft for training In navigation, etc. Its primary Job will be to give a.young man the foundation In social sciences, the humanities and science necessary for "a lifetime of service to his country, lending to readiness for responsibilities as a fu- ture air commander." Entrance to the academy ultimately will be on the same basis as entrance to West Point, but the first class will be limited to 30 men because of limited space at Lowry. Admission will be through competition among men nominated by members of Congre-ss and from other sources such »M the regular Air Force and sons of Medal of Honor winners. Congressional nominations for the first class mu^t be received by the Air Force by 5 p.m, Feb. 18. Applicants must be at icBfit 17 years of age and must not have reached 22 by July 1. They must be cltlzen« of the United States and never have been married. They must pass qualifying examinations. Graduates of the academy will be commissioned second Id:uten- nis and will be rated as aircraft observers.