The Algona Ppper Peg Moineg, Algona, Iowa, Feb. 25,1937 er Be* IBof tie* «»oa«w«» « M *»,- 9 N °rth Dodge Street A w. HAGGARD A R. B. WALLER, Publishers fjM*i*4; M Second Class Matter at the Postofflce at MUena, Iowa, under act Of Congress of March 3,1879 Issued Weekly NOTIONAL •19 SO ASSOCIATION Member Iowa Press Association RATES IN KO8SUTH CO.: Oae Year, in Advance $L60 tJW»r Des Moines and Kossuth County Ad- Vance In combination, per year $2.60 SUBSCRIPTION RATES OUTSIDE KOSSUTH One Tear In advance _ $260 Upper Des Moines and Kossuth County Advance In combination, per year $4.00 ADVERTISING RATES Display Advertising, per Inch 350 Want Ads, payable in advance, word „ Ze "Let the people know the truth and the counter is safe."—Abraham Lincoln. If the rumors reaching us are true that O. J. Ditto is not going to be a candidate to succeed himself as state highway commissioner, the name of A. H. Bonnatetter of West Bend sounds pretty good to our ears. Our reasons are simply this. Alex has spent several terms in the state legislature, with positions of importance on both the appropriation and ways and means committee, among others. During his sojourn there, both republicans and democrats alike came to respect his militant, fearless and honest leadership. Elected first when the democrats were far In the minority, Bonnstetter was soon given the utmost consideration by members of the opposition party—a tribute in Itself. Knowing Mr. Bonnstetter, we know that if he should be named to the commission, he will throw every ounce of energy—and It's all honest energy— into the job. The commission would have a man able to call a spnde a spade, deal fairly with every poblem, and possessing a reputation without a blemish for honest leadership in public affairs, in the person of A. H. Bonstetter. And he has something of a reputation for economy from his days in the state legislature. HIGH COST OF OVERLAPPING GOVT. The yells are many these days at the expense of government Although most of the critcism seems to be leveled at the federal government, It is really not the federal government, but the state, county, city, township and school district that is causing the real tax burden. The only direct federal taxes anybody pays is a federal Income tax—if they pay a federal income tax. And, the many other functions of government •re running into each other every time they turn •round; at the expense of the taxpayer. That our state government is somewhat careless with the spending of money seems to be evident So far, nobody has Jumped up in the legislature with the bright idea that there might possibly be some way to save money. If they have, we haven't heard •bout it On the other hand, everybody has some excellent ideas about how and where to spend more of It But the legislature is only a small part of the ways and means In which the tax dollar filters away. The biggest part of anyone's tax dollar Is •pent right in your own county, township and school district In the case of the school district where the mc/iey goes is right under everyone's nose- especially if you have a consolidated district The expense of county government is high; Kossuth county is fortunate in that respect, however, hav- tag a large county, with therefore a lower per unit cost But there must be a means of reducing cost of government and the place to begin is close to home. For those who are afraid that either dictatorship or Fascism or Nazi-ism or Communism will get us by the throat we suggest the following ways to prevent it: 1—Consolidate various units iof government; eliminating and weeding out the smaller boards that are today out-of-date and unnecessary. 2— Eliminate Ihe practice of putting an office- bolder In a "soft spot"; let him do some work himself; stop hiring relatives or friends on public payrolls who are not needed. 3—Educate ourselves to demand a high type of public officer to meet certain standards of intelligence, honesty, ability and experience. But then—perhapn we're getting a little ahead «J ourselves; after all, nobody goes to Heaven un- Child Labor Laws Harmful Northwood Anchor: What are we going to do with our boys and girls under eighteen if all the states pass child labor laws preventing youths from working until they have reached the age named above? Assuming that school will take up the greater part of their time until then what is to become of them during the long vacation seasons? And will It not be a greater crime against youth to prevent useful work until they are men and women grown? In child labor legislation we seem to be going the same way we do in hundreds of other instances—going from one extreme so far to the other extreme that we may do more harm than good. Surely there must be ways of accomplishing desired results without going to such limits. * • • High Incomes Should Pay Webster City Freeman: Well, the big shots in Industry, including the movies, who pull down enormous salaries can well afford to pay stiff income taxes. Why shouldn't William Randolph Hearst, who tops the list with a salary of half a million dollars, contribute liberally to the support of the government? Then there are Mae West, salary 1480,833: Marlene Dietrich, who earns, or rather gets, $368,000 per annum and who threatened some time ago to remove to Europe to escape heavy taxes. Irene Dunn's salary is $208,055 and little Shirley Temple gets $66,000, and Shirley Is probably the best drawing card of any of them. Walter Chrysler gets $185,643; E. I. du Pont, $100,199; and there are hundreds of others who are paid more than $100,000 per year. When Uncle Sam lays heavy taxes upon these people he is certainly observing the principle of taxation according to the ability to pay. • * • Romance and Recklessness Go Together Spencer Reporter: Offhand, there would seem to be little relation between marriage and reckless driving—but listen to Ray Ingels, director of motor vehicles, state of California: "Department records show many single men, formerly listed as habitual violators of traffic laws, who became model drivers after they were married. Perhaps the greater responsibility," continues Mr Ingela, "curbs their reckless tendencies." .Or perhaps there Is another reason. With marriage, for instance, a man's driving technic may undergo a decided change. Before, the task of -manii ' " JBI MARRIED WOMEN WORKING To The Editor: As to whether a married woman should work. That question can't be answered by "yes" or "no." In times of depression, the natural the answer "no." that the number of verdicts brought In by the juries against the insurance companies closely approach 100 per cent. To offset this tremendous drain on their resources the Insurance companies boost their rates, and by the law passed by the people themselves the automobile owners have to accept it without any redress. It would be marvelous if we could have a "fool proof system whereby an accident .on the highway would be swiftly settled so that the th « suffer no Weekly News Letter of the State Legislature Activity (Legislative News Service IPA) raised or maintained from the pro- Des Moines, Iowa, February 22, 1937—With some 45 or 46 legislative days behind It the 47th General Assembly is almost to the half-way mark. Contests Even-All STATE OF THE NATION AS REFLECTED in headlines: "Fanny Brlce's Perfect Man Has Old-Fashioned Undies." "Mary Astor Wed—Mate Says No." "Bachelor Tax of $50 Head Proposed." "Blond, Full of Hope and Innocence, Sees Ru- blnoff's Etchings." "Schoolboy, 10, Carries Pistol." • * * Albert Elsele, writing "The Post Chaise" In The Blue Earth Post, has the following to say about writers on farm problems: "There is one nice thing about writing- from the farm—there is hardly any danger of any one beating you to the draw. The reason is, of course, that there are very few farmers who are cracked enough to follow the writing game. There are plenty of editors who came from the farms and who fondly believe that they are familiar with the farming scene, but the plain truth is that when a man leaves the farm he ceases to become an up- to-the-minute authority on it." • * * Rev. M. A. SJostriuid of the First Lutheran church answered a telephone call last week, and heard an inquiry as to whether or not they'were having "English" servfce\ at the church the following Sunday. Rev. Sjostrand said yes they were: in fact they've had nothing but English services in the past five years. He wonders how long it has been since his inquirer went to church. We- should have had a report*-r prt-wnt when the Misbach boys found out that they were going to fit John Haggard for a suit. • « * Now, now! The Iowa State Bank New* reprinted a joke about Game Warden Pierce that this column printed a good six months ago. Corne on over, boys, we've got a joke book with plenty that haven't been introduced in print. And then there was the telephone call to a local drug store from a girl asking if Milk of Magnesia would hurt her sick dog. They told her no. We'i] try and get another story for next week. » • • Scientists say tliat the amplified sound of the brain at work sounds like the roar of an express train ... we wonder where they took their tests. In Chicago a guest was shot dead at a party. The dsad part is the only news out here. # * » By the way, Mahatma Ghandi was the tint bird to start these sit-down strikes. Remember when he wrapped his sheet around himself and wouldn't budge? * « • Gents should give room To gals who presume. * * * A at>w sign in u restaurant that intrigued Our Girl Friday was the one reading "If our steaks Mem tough ask us for a sharper knife." • * • Killing nix on a V. 8. battlevhip during peiic*- tUae maneuvers is big news ... but it would Uke 8,000 in war to even dent the front page. Faiuouk Ltuit Liae-^Lef s bore u hole ill the bottom of the boat and let this water out. Not Bad, Nut Bad. "Dick" Exchange: As Ex-Senator Dickinson says, our future would now be secure if somebody could only figure out a way for people to spend their time between the CCC and becoming eligible for old ago pensions. affectionately about a companion's neck. After the ceremony, the man not only has both bands free to operate his car, but he may be assisted by sharp directions from the back seat. Whatever the explanation, it is pleasant to know that Cupid can be an aid, as well as a detriment to safe driving. • • • Repeal Damphoo! Laws Humboldt Independent: There is a bill in the present legislature providing for the removal of what is known as the "blue laws" from the statutes. They prohibit nmny things known as "pastimes" in the state. These laws are violated every Sabbath in practically every portion of the state. They are against public sentiment and serve no purpose except to create contempt of law among the young There was a bill In the last legislature for their repeal, but it was killed by a wave of protest emanating from mistaken sources. • • • Proposes Higher Taxes Webster City Freeman: Gov. Kraschel's inaug-- ural address to the general assembly gives no encouragement whatever to those who have advocated a lowering of the tax load. To the contrary however, the governor presents an imposing list of proposals that if adopted will involve heavy additional expenditures. • * • Thn Iwiue in the .Motor Strike Eagle Grove Eagle: There is but one issue being put forward in the General Motors strike That is exclusive recognition of the John L. Lewis union. The Lewis union does not have the sanction of the American Federation of Labor. Lewis' group has been expelled by the A. F. of L It is stated that a majority of the employees in the General Motors plants are opposed to the strike. The auto industry as a rule has treated its employees fairly. It is the best paid large industry. The average wage of the workers in the auto industry is over $36 per week. The average in the other large industries is about $5 per week. A minority group has caused the shut down, and demands exclusive rights for collective bargaining for their craft. If this group wins the General Motors strike, they say they will move in at once on Ford and Chrysler. Fhe rnoit successful labor organizations are the railroad brotherhoods. They are not affiliated with the American Federaation of Labor, at least not all of them. They do not demand the closed shop Not all employees belong. The brotherhoods have so conducted their affairs that it is to the advantage of the employee to belong. Most of them do. John Public is not concerned about which union wins in the General Motors strike or which side. John Public wants the employees to have decent wages and proper working conditions. He will pay more for his cars without complaint to bring this about. The government cannot take sides with one group of men against another. It may be the desire of the Lewis group to prolong the strike until the government takes over the plants. The public does not want politics running the automobile industry • « • Property BighU in the Ducard Northwood Anchor: It looks at the timt this is written as if the federal government, through its labor board, has taken on a lot of power On January 15 it ordered W. R. Hearst to re-employ two men who had been discharged and to give them back pay. This weans, in effect, that an employer who supplies the capital, the plant the plans of work, and takes all the chances of success or failure, is force-j to tolerate employees entirely out of sympathy with his scheme. On the other hand, hundreds of men have been on strike for more than ten weeks, costing the general pub- lice millions of dollars. They can quit work if they wish to, it seems, but if an employer discharges them, the federal government can force him to put them back to work again Isn't there two sides to this thing? Doesn't unlawful assembly, assault and battery, the seizure of another's property demand thiU something be done in the interest of innocent sufferers? # * • The Legislator* and the Girls Uunbury Heview: According to a picture of the btau- ienalt, each member had a pretty stenographer at hia side. It must be pleasant to be u lawmaker and be able- to combine business with pleasure. Wcbater City FrecHU/i: Yc-l many people wonder wiiy ;>o many old codgers want to be members of the legislature. Each member of the house loo, now has a stt-uogrupher, and strange aa it may setru all the stenographers are girls. The party division of the Iowa House of Representatives after nearly seven weeks of the 47th Iowa General Assembly is still a tie—54 Republicans and 64 Democrats. Nine contests for House seats In as many counties failed to change the line-up, although two of the contests were decided after acrimonious difference of opinion as to the law and the facts as expressed on the floor of the House. Albert Beltman, Republican member of the House from Story county, a factor in Democratic organization of that chamber, by reason of his bolt from his own party ranks at the finish cast his lot again with the Republicans and aided in the seating of William N. Judd of Clinton county over Milton Peaco, the Democratic former representative, in the final contest to be decided. In none of the nine contests was a member who had received a certificate of election unseated. The successful members were J. H. O'Neil, Van Buren county; R. G. Moore, Harrison county; Lloyd Woods, Clarke county. Democrats, and Robert D. Blue, Wright county, Ed R, Brown, Polk county, J. T. Dykhouse. Lyon county, William N. Judd, Clinton county, F. A. Latchaw, Muscatlne county, and Dean W. Pelsen, Hardln county, Republican*. • ' Whopper for the Hopper Probably the largest bill ever filed In the Iowa General Assembly made Its appearance last Thursday under the general title of the Motor Vehicle Revision act It contained more than 200 typewritten pages, and in excess of 600 separate sections. The measure not only revises and recodifies entire state motor vehicle laws, but the law of the road. In addition, it adds many new provisions, rejects outmoded and obsolete sections, alters others, and Incorporates new sections into the law. The principal change in the proposed motor vehicle code is the separation of the motor vehicle deportment from the office of secretary of state. A new division of state government is created to control and regulate motor vehicle traffic and operation. It Is in charge of a commissioner appointed by the Governor at an annual salary of $l,20«. Under Uii» department will be grouped also the control of the state highway patrol which will he increased from the present number by 50 this year and another 50 next year. A speed limit is injected into the bill providing for a maximum of 55 miles an hour during the daytime and 45 miles an hour at night. At present there is no maximum speed limit. Drivers permit fees are raised from 25 cents to 50 cents but are good for two years instead of one. as in the present act. Considerable space is devoted in the duction of the leased premises. House File 119 also Is an Important measure for a good many hard- pressed foiks. Its boon is in the fact that the first half of the 1937 taxes may run on unpaid without penalty to July 1, 1937. after which the penalty, when paid, is credited on the amount of the second half taxes and interest is charged only from April 1. The bill Is the product of Representative Love of Adair and has a recommendation for passage by the House committee on County and Township Organiza- or three employed men in one family, while across the street alt two or three wanting jobs. I never yet saw anyone hand a Job over to someone else because circumstances had worked an Injustice. Why expect It of women? I am a married woman. For 29 years I have worked shoulder to shoulder with my husband In our business. There was too much for him to do, yet not enough to pay for hiring a clerk. When I could not manage It all, I hired a girl to help. As a result of our careful planning, we were able to educate our children, and now that I am left alone, I know enough about business to make my own way without being a burden to my children. I believe that all things being equal, woman's place is In the home, and I hope the day hastens when housekeeping and homemaking will be put on a par with other things requiring brains and Initiative. There are some women who will never make good housekeepers, but are adapted to business life. Why force them into something they will never do well? It Is my idea that most women work for one of three reasons: (1) They wish to help their husbands; (2) they must repay debts of education for themselves, or help their children to gain education, or (3) they must support themselves as best they can. —A GERLED WOMAN. I financial loss, but since other states ' have tried the compulsory insurance system and found it wanting, it would be very foolish for the State of Iowa to follow this path as a solution. I do not believe that a single Iowa farmer or business man would put up with paying as high as $75 per year for automobile Insurance. You say that this Is not possible. Ask the people of Massachusetts what they had to pay for their Insurance while compulsory auto* mobile insurance was in force. If the State of Iowa adopted compulsory Insurance, and set the maximum rate of a person's Insurance at what he has to pay now, there would not be a single insurance- company that would do business In the State of Iowa. The only other alternative would: be for the state to become the insurance company. Whether this ls> possible or feasible I cannot say, nor am I sufficiently versed on this phase to honestly say that It is the- solutton. It may be more economical for everyone concerned to establish a statewide continuous campaign of instructions with the view of eliminating entirely all accidents rather than exploiting them. F. M. BONDOR, LakewooU, N. J. Read Th« Want Ads—ft Pays tion. Payroll Eyed Premised on the assumption that a good many folks In Iowa are concerned with the amount of salaries that are paid state employees, a 1)111 has been introduced In the legislature requiring the Insertion in the State Official Register of the entire payroll of Individuals. The concise and trim "red book" of the state is likely to assume unwieldy proportion In its format If this measure Is enacted, since In late years with extensive payrolls— liquor commission, state board of assessment and review, old age pension commission, to mention a few that have been Increased by reason of mounting business. Liquor Advertising Newspaper publishers may be given the right to accept or reject liquor advertising in proposals broached to the legislature by Repr. Joe Flynn of Wlnneshlek county. Under the present liquor control commission law it is left tot the commission whether such advertising shall be permitted, but the commission to date has not given Its sanction. Joe believes that liquor advertising is legitimate business for Iowa newspapers and that publishers should be permitted to "take t or leave it and let their conscience be their guide." Includes All Employers The social security act as passed by the special session last December is back with us again, but Is In the House committee rooms having its face lifted. Known as House File 154, the bill as introduced by Representative Beckler of Black Hawk. Strickler of Polk, and Johnson of Hancock, will bring all employers and all employees within the scope of the unemployment act At the present time, only the employers of eight or more are included. Other changes in the House bill provide a different administrative set-up. An appropriation for a state employment service Is provided and this service and the unemployment compensation commission, will each be managed by a director under the guidance of the labor commissioner. A bill passed in the Senate provides for a commission of three men to administer the act, substantially as it was passed in December. The Algona Upper Des Moines, Algona, Iowa. Gentlemen: Tou carried an editorial In your paper several Issues past favoring compulsory automobile Insurance, and requested comments upon the subject I happened to be studying for my a M. degree at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass., the time that Massachusetts decided that it needed a compulsory Insurance law such as you are advocating. Up to the time that this law was passed the automobile Insurance was reasonable and no one complained about it As soon as the law was put Into effect the insurance rates mounted "sky high" and the people could do nothing about It. Graft In the insurance division became so odious that there was a question whether the people could put up with It for even one year. The final outcome was that the law was repealed. The Increase In insurance rates was not entirely due to graft far' from It If one takes the time to' study the insurance rates for different localities he will find that while the Insurance companies state that this or that high rate Is due to the number of accidents In that locality, the actual truth is that the rates are. In proportion to the number of verdicts brought In by the. juries against the insurance companies. And why net? The people controlling the Insurance companies are not In business for the people's benefit, they are In it for the "all mighty dollar." Wherever there is compulsory Insurance It automatically follows Fri.-Sat., Peb. 26-27 Another Smash All-star Program Charles Starrett In Peter B. Kyne's • "THE COWBOY STAR" Oswald Cartoon—New*—Ace Drummond—Novelty Comedy Sun.-Mon.-Tues., Feb. 28-March 1-2 THE 3 STOOGES In "GRIPS, GRUNTS AND GROANS" AND • M$@t TO PAY ti r-, , r-~~- -. .. r / CHESTER MORRIS t LEO CARRILLO \HELEN MACK THOMAS MITCHELL Color Cartoon—Going Places Uderman Colombia Picture Universal News Wed.-Thurs., March 3-4 Doug 1st FiiiMiis,,. ELISSI ISNII adventure piles on adventure to leave you breathleM with delight. Be in the Theatre by 9 p. m. to get in on the full program. "Back to Mother* The much-debated Homestead Act got off to a (low start, jittered .... - --- - -.its way through the Senate for a bill to safety provisions for opera- I day and a half before being stalled lion of school busses. The measure I and finally went back to the corn- is the product of the Senate Motor ' ' Vehicle commission which devoted many hours to its preparation. Senator William N. Beardsley of New Virginia, is chairman of the committee. mittee room for repairs. Just previously, the Senate had voted down an amendment by Senator Mighell (Ida), allotting *6,500,000 of the three-point tax funds to old age pensions, and left the figure at the $5,500,000 mark originally set by Senator Shaw and other sponsors of the measure. Byron Allen, director of the Iowa (iood-bye Mud! Governor Kraschel's farm-to- market road bill passed the senate in virtually its original form by a vote of 44 to 2. Sponsored Old Age pension commission, says by the Highways committee (Mi))- , that at least J8.100.000 will be need- hone. Rep., chairman), it was such '' ed to match federal funds. Thus an excellent measure in all respects "Barney", who might have had even that party politics played no part more than he needed if the Mig- m its consideration. The bill auth- I hell amendment had passed, is now orizes the county boards of supervisors to cooperate with the Federal government and the state highway commission in the improvement of secondary or farm-to-market roads. It contemplates obtain- inc for the state and its several counties the benefit of all funds allotted to be alloted to Iowa by the Federal government in aid of the secondary roads. There is created by the measure a secondary road fund and the disbursement of moneys for construction, rehabilitation and acquisition left some $600,000 short of his requirements. The Mighell amendment may be heard from again, however, when the Senate considers the bill in regular session. Grow> Income Bock The "groas income tax oil!", similar to the one on which Knut«on of Clear Lake based hU campaign for governor four years ago, bobbed up In the House thu week' Davis, Frizzell, Good of Boone, Woods. McNie, Clements, Burma, Johnson of Bucnn V'sta, Bulow and Lookingbill are sponsoring the is provided for in specific language i Part of the motor vehicle license mea * ure fees and the gasoline tax are to be | The biu provides a one per cent used to match the government tax on a " income, in lieu of all funds in the improvement of farm- otner taxes except excise taxes. It to-market roads, but after they are la « x Pe<-tfd to ralv jtiQO.OOO.OOO per once improved, it will be up to the yeiir ' and '" two V ars will replarn ' DELLIS CRANE, line, hot )>••• •• Ik* Swkk payrall fat 70 y*an counties to maintain them. The bill is now pending in the House where its speedy passage is anticipated. More Relief Tenant farmers in Iowa may benefit from u bill introduced in the Assembly by two northwestern Iowa Hc-presentaUvc-s, Yager of Dickinson county and Urec-ssi-n of Crawford county. Their meu.iii' limits the landlord's lic-n to im-lu'J only the crops grown on the leaami premises and such livestock us i. ! hc ' t>i bsi -kers. 'ax >n the opinion of '•••" ' •';• hvrtv with—•• -feet huk- ' " -' swrthcart. per- fc'ct provider X|>'U|IIM bi-uut- ' '" ' 'v 'he nutjc •' • 'iiiti-d with Next Hiiruluy's Chicago Herald ff"*f Speaking for myself and 16,000 other Buick workmen -we're mighty glad to be back on the job! It's been tough to stand by, knowing how eager thousands of people were to get one of these great cars. And it's a grand feeling now to see the wheels turning and the line rolling, and to watch those big, handsome babies pouring out regular as clockwork! There's power in them and style, and comfort-and when you see them made like I do, you know they're packed with good, honest workmanship as well as top-notch engineering. We're proud of those Buicks, and the way you've taken to them, and we're going to get yours to you as quick as we can.
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