The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on January 5, 1955 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Wednesday, January 5, 1955
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEW8PAPBR OF KOBTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 239 Blytheville Courier BlythevllJc Dally Newi Mississippi Valley Leader Blythevlllo Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 5, 1955 TWELVE PAGES Published Dally Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENT! Fight Looms For Control Of Russia Two Factions Near Battle For Supremacy EDITOR'S NOTE — Is the top about to blow off the "committee rule" that succeeded Sta- lln as the grovernlnp force in the Soviet Union? Two former Moscow correspondents, who regularly read and analyze the Russian press, appraise the possibilities in this article. By TOM WHITNEr And WILLIAM L. RYAN Associated Press Foreign Staff Moscow's recent pronouncements suggest that two distinct factions in the Soviet hierarchy are struggling for supremacy. The argument- may yet have to be resolved The Arkonsos Legisloture School Problem. Top Issue Facing Arkansas' 60th General Assembly EDITOR'S NOTE — Thi. !* th« first of a three-part series dealing with some ot Uw chief problem* ftcifir the approaching Lcjt/jlaUve session. By LEON HATCH LITTLE ROCK (AP) — What is the No. 1 task facing the 60th General Assembly, which convenes here Monday? An attempt to single out any one'situation as filling that designation would be' difficult, and perhaps impossible, but there's no doubt that problems concerned with schools and cphnnl f inanninrf Mt 1-111 Id v?i»-itr ViirtVi f\r\ nmrlini-ltt'ri \\r-t school financing would rank high on anybody's list. The cry of more money for schools is nothing new. It is heard virtually every legislative session, but this year the need seems imperative. But perhaps that's they way it seems every two years. In any case, organized school forces, backed by an influential lay group, have asked the Legisla ture to appropriate around 42 mil lion dollars a fiscal year for publi< education. This 12 million dollar increase above the present allotment o state funds is needed, the schoo people say, to supplement loca by another places. Unmistakable purge in high references in the Soviet press to serious heresies and factionalism within the Communist party hint at a showdown. Foreign policy seems definitely involved, particularly to the extent that it Is concerned with plotting the course of world communism in the immediate future. Thus world peace—or the lack of it- may depend upon the outcome of such an internal Soviet struggle. Stalinists vs. Conservatives All signs seem to point to this sort of division: On one side—the Communists of the Stalin school,, devoted to the principle of dynamic communism Which has produced such dangerous situations as the Berlin blockade and the Korean War. On the other side—the Commu nlsts of more conservative and cau tious leanings who believe tha time is on their side and they play the waiting game while build ing internally. This sort of ap proach led to the Korean and Indo Chinese truces and to a surf act slackening of world tensions afte: Stnlin's death. The Soviet press, reflecting the views of the Communist leader ship, has been going through strange series of reversal ever since Stalin died. From a peacefu tone. It has gone over to one ol belligerence on the Internationa: scene. Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov's statements bristle with threats and bluster. Oulck Switch Yet. with confusing suddenness, the Soviet press then switches to a tone of hurt dismay that Premier Malenkov's proposal for a big power negotiation of Far Eastern tensions received so cool a reception In the West. All this Is accompanied by creasing prominence for the first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist party, Nikita Khrushchev. His name is appearing in authoritative statements with rising frequency and importance. By Leninist definition, Soviet foreign policy simply is an extension of d nines tic policy all keyed to the ultimate goal of a world dominated by Soviet communism. Thus twists in Soviet foreign policy can reflect indecision and even disputes inside the Kremlin walls. For the first time since before Stalin's death, the Soviet press refers to the blood purges of the late dictator nnd praises the methods by which he maintained .the "steel unity" of the party. Articles in important Journals on the ISiii anniversary of Stalin's birth I are dotted with such references, i Pravda., official Communist^ newspaper, carried a six-column editorial Dec. 21, by an outstanding party propagandist, which twice referred to Stalin's service In ridding the party of heretics. Twio he mentioned. "Trotskyi.sf.s." Remedy for Heresy: Terror The last time that sort of thing occurred In the Soviet press wa Just after the notorious "Doctors Plot" of January lf)53. when doc tors were accused of plotting th See RUSSIA on Page 5 Surging Stocks Feel Goverment Brake WASHINGTON (AP) — The government put out a moderately restraining hand toward the surging stock market today, calling for purchasers of stocks to put up at least 60 per cent cash instead of the previous 50 per cent. The action, announced by Federal Reserve Board late yesterday, was promptly protested by the New York Stock Exchange president, Keith Punston, as restraining "the proper function of the market and the free interplay of the basic law of supply and demand." Effective Today The increased "down payment" is effective on stocks bought today and hereafter. The stock market has been advancing steadily for more than 1, months, and since the Novembei elections it has been surging aheac with almost unprecedented speed. The Associated Press average ot GO stocks stood yesterday at $156.40. a level topped only by the peak of $157.70 on Sept. 3, 1929, shortly before the big Wall Street crash. There were no federal cash minimums Jn 1929. The government has no authority to regulate stock prices. A 1934 law authorizes the reserve board only to "preventthe excessive Use of crc'dJt" in the stock market. The theory behind the action is that P. hike in the cash requirement will cut down on speculative buying. The requirement could have been raised to 100 per cent. Not Major Factor New York brokers generally agree that speculation on margin is not a major factor in the present boom. The ratio of money bor- •owcd by brokers (o lend for mar- fin trading i.s only about 1 per cent of the value of nil securities listed on the New York Stock Exchange. In 1929 it wa-s nearly 10 per cent. According to the latest available j land, University of Tennessee ath- 84th Congress Convenes Amid Expressions of Cooperation \AMED PAGE — Mrs. L. W Walters of Osceola has been informed by Sen. John L. McClellan that her son, L. W. (Billy; Walters, III, has been named a page for the senator in the United States Senate. He leaves for Washington Friday accompanied by his grandmother. Mrs. D. P. Crouch, who will remain with him until Congress adjourns. school district moneys and assure an adequate minimum program, including the long sought "floor 1 under teachers salaries. The Legislative Council, which serves as the Legislature's prf season Budged Committee, regretfully refused to allot more than the present approximate 30 million dollars yearly, • ^ Where is the money coming from?" the council wanted to know. The council, however, recommended that the General Assembly j see if school funds could be in- j creased. The Legislature will pass j on Council recommendations. It's difficult to see how the Gen- j era! Assembly is going to effect j any increase in funds without j ra:sintf present taxes or adding! new ones. i There's been a leveling off in : the last year and a half of tax j collections from which school funds are derived. Revenues haven't started declin- g appreciably, but they haven't j been rising as they had for the i past decade or more. I And around five million dollars j vlnch was made available for j ichoois two years ago by some j deft financial juggling won't be on: ,ap again this year. j A number of possible sources /or new school revenue have been sug- j ;ested. A "temporary" increase in; he sales tax is one; income tax revision is another. : At request of the Legislative j Council, the State Education De- f jartment has submitted a proposed I e\ ision of the present minimum j school budget law which contains ! the complicated formula by which ! mobiles and (4) a man charged with stealing a doe. local districts qualify for state aid.! fa fa o School sources said the suggest- j And, to add to their labors, tu-o this week, and who, in their flight boys are alleged to have stolen a car in Pine Bluff shortly after BRIDGE WORK STARTS — Work on widening of the narrow steel bridge at Varbro got underway this week and construction of the temporary bridge which will carry traffic during the widen- ing work is nearing completion, The bridge is one of the seven Highway 61 spans in Mississippi County due to be widened this year. (Courier News Photo) Crime Blooms, But Briefly, During 24-Hour Period Here Mississippi County law enforcement officers spent a rather busy 24 hours yesterday ,,,..--.and last night as they came up w in California, (3) two escapees fro ith (1) a stolen automobile, (2) three men believed wanted escapees from the State Industrial School for Boys who stole five auto- ed mortification would increase the j break-ins were reported in Blythe- Neyland Says He's Talked With Wyatt NEW YORK Wl - Gen. Bob Nev- reserve board figure?, total cred- letic director, said today he has it extended to customers by brok- discussed "informally" the Temies- er.s and dealers increased from . see football coaching job with Ar- amount of required local suppor of the state program but woUl penalize a school district whic failed to meet minimum require ments. In discussions of school legisla tion, no definite action has been taken toward prospective racial in teg-ration despite the U. S. Supreme Court ruling of last May tha segregation is unconstitutional. Current Arkansas law runs head on into the high court decision The state has a statute which specifies that Negroes and whites attend separate public schools. The court ruling- would be paramount but there's been no indication that any repealer of the state law will be offered at the approaching session. Two school districts already \ have integrated under the court's I broad ruling despite the state law. . SI. 655. 000, 000 on Feb. 1. 1954. to I Kansas Coach Bowdcn Wyatr but I Like the elementary schools, the $2,202,000,000 last Nov. 30. It was possible the action might even stimulate market activity. Some officials conceded the boost n margin requirements might be ,aken by many investors us idi- .•aiing the government thought the narket would continue to advance. Cherry Names Land that reached. "I talked agreement has att-yesterday afternoon," Neyland said. "We came to no agreement. We had no formal discussion about the job." Neyland. wh6 is here attending the annual NCAA meeting, told a reporter he planned to talk with other coaches about the Tennessee coaching vacancy. "No one has been hired — and no one has been eliminated." Neyland said. "I doubt I will have any announcement to ma-ke this week." Wyatt, also, in New.York attending the NCAA and football coaches association meeting, is said to be Tennessee's top choice ns n suc-j cessor to Harvey Robinson, who] or, today was named state Land j was fired last month after direct-! ing the Vols to a 4-6 record In I 1954. I been I state ~ su PP° rte d colleges probably | will get some attention from the • ! Legislature. w y~ i There have Oklahoma Honey-Blonde Named Maid ot Cotton MEMPHIS, Tenn. I/P1—A willowy Oklahoma honey-blonde, De Lois Faulker, is the 1955 Maid of Cot ton. The 20-year-old blue-eyed lass from Sallisaw topped 21 other cot- tonbelt beauties In the contest las! night. She'll make ft six-month tour of North America and Europe as good will ambassador for the cotton Industry, Inside Today's Courier News . . . Walnut Ridge Easy for Chicks, 79-40 . . , Dycw Wins Ovrr Marmaduke . . . Maryland Looim A.I Threat to Nut Ion's Cage Leaders . . . Sporta . . . pnjre* 8 and 9 ... . . . Ladtjfn-ky Case Given Focus to Futurr Democrat Probes of Administration . , , page 2. . . ... A PKTllOM PoMof . . . M- Commissioner LITTLE ROCK (/PI — Jlmmle Red Jones, Columbia County tax collect- Commissioner to succeed Claud A. Rankin, who died Sunday. The appointment wa,s announced'' ., — ~T. I " by Gov. Francis Cherry. Some que- : /WcCOfTiiy m Farm Act been Legislative Council speculation whether Arkan- 1 sas wasn't keeping up too many four-year colleges in addition to the University.- There may be efforts at consolidations or eliminations— although it is certain that graduates and partisans of any school Would resist loudly any attempt to get rid of their school. One proposals scheduled for introduction would set up a central board of control to supervise all state-supported higher educational institutions. The proposal is not new. but, heretofore, it has not materialized into a legislative bill. stion still remains ns to how the term will nm. Jones said the sale of tax-forfeited Innds wauld begin tomorrow WASHINGTON, i,r> — sen. McCarthy R-Wis. said today that unless something ts done tn boost farm The sale was postponed from Mon-j income, the Republican party may; day because of Rankln's death. I face disaster in the 1956 elections. Legislative Council Suggests Budgets for State Police, PSC LITTLE ROCK Ifl — The Arkansas Legislative Council, in a flurry of jRst-mJnutc activity prior (o the convening of the 1955 Genera Assembly Monday, has come up with recommended budgets for the State Highway Department and the Public Service Commission. The Council recommended a 40- milllon dollar annual budget for Jie Highway Department contain' :ng a flexible provision to allow the department to spend 10 million dollars on road maintenance dur- ng the final year of the budget •equest. The flexible provision would cover emergencies such as lamage from weather. An increased annual approprln- lon of $207,800 to cover >a pro- >oscd addition of 11 new employes o the staff of the Public Service ~mission received Council approval. The PSC currently IB op- ir/itlng widor A JlfJMOO ft yenr .pproprlntion for 39 employes. PSC Chairman Lewis Robinson said more personnel for the PSC's Utilities Division would cut down the number of experts that would be hired for rate hcnrings. The Council recommended that the Legislature appropriate $25,000 annually for experts rather than $45,000 appropriated by the 1953 General Assembly. It was recommended that the PSC's maintenance appropriation be Increased from $35,000 to $78,545 annually. Included in the proposals wns a. provision to require the three commissioners and the PSC attorney to work full time at their state Jobs. The Council also proposed that the tow allowing utilities to rnisc rates under bond be amended. Purpose of the bond is to guarantee refunds to customers if the state Public Service Commission rejects or reduces the Increase, Tim legla- intors snfd the present utility taw Una been "abused," Arkansas Farm Commodity Prices Continue Fall LITTLE ROCK &• — Commodity] prices received by Arkansas farmers, declining for the third succes- slve month, dropped 1.5 per cen from Nov. 15 to Dec. 15 according to the Crop Reporting Service, Except for last January, it was the lowest level of the year. Commodity groups contributing to the decline and the per centage decreases include; Meat animals, 2.8 per cent; cotton, 2.2 p?r cent; dairy products, 1.8 per cent; and poultry and eggs, ville last night. Sheriff William Berryman said this morning his office is nolding three California men for investigation following- their arrest here ves- terday on charges of public drunk- eness and driving while intoxicated. to Osceola, stole five automobiles. Deputy Sheriff J. T. (Buster* Wig-ley of Wilson who was pursuing the boys at the time of their arrest, identified them as Steve Martin, 11, of Blytheville in'-l James Julian Rodonhisler, 16, of St. Louis. ; Chain of Thefts ; According to Deputy Wigley the j The three men were identified by the sheriff's office as Earl C. Hastell, alias Russell Dayton, Ed May and John Vargo. All three their homes as being in Los geles. Sheriff Berryman said the three ! are being questioned concerning the i9M Plymouth station wagon they were driving at the time oi their arrest after one of the men, May, s alleged to have admitted the ve- licle was stolen. He said he plans to contact California authorities today regarding the status of the car. May, Sheriff Berryman said, was arrested yesterday by city poiic:? on j a public drunkenness charge and j prominent retired Mississippi riaskell and Vargo were ••uresi.eG County farmer, died at 3 a.m. to- ft ter by sheriff's deputies on charges of driving while intoxicated and public drunkeness. At Osceola last night. s John R. Evans He Was Retired Farmer Who Came Here in 1922 John Randolph Evans. 92, and their escape, abandonded it at Little Rock stolen another at Little Rock, abandonded it at Brinkley, srolen another at Brinkley abandoned it nepr Bussett, stolen another at Bassett, abandonded it at Wilson and test night stole a 1950 ford which they were driving a', the time of their arrest. Deputy Wigley said that che car stolen 1 in Wilson Is owned by Lo~ j ran Abbott. He stated that Mr. Abbott heard the boys drive off in his car. Mr. Abbott notified Deputy Wigley who telephoned ahead to Osceola. citj police before taking off in pursuit of the stolen vehicle. The boys were arrested by Osceola police in downtown Osceola. Held for Uog Theft Deputy WigJey also reported thai Jess Medlin, about 25, of Procror, Ark., is being held in the count; See CRIME on Page 5 "ity police arrested Csceola o; the four toys who broke out of the Indus- rial School at Pine Bluff earlier 41 New TB Tcrses Said To Be in Area day in Chick?. sawba Hospital following a three-week illness. Born in Columbia, S. C.. Mr. Ev- moved 10 Mi7?:?sippi around nr.s 3BTO, coming to RlytheviHe in 1922. Hommarskjold ts Leaders }'ma But Democrats Set to Probe Thoroughly WASHINGTON (AP) — Congress, back under Democratic control after two years of Republican rule, convened today with the new majority party talking of cooperation with t h e Eisenhower administration but set to push probing fingers into many of its activities. Amid the geniality attending the opening of the session, both parties were mindful that the record of the next two years will weigh heavily with the voters in the 1956 presidential election. The Democrats were already shaping up inquiries into the controversial , Dixon-Yates contract, which many of them view as a public vs. private power fight, and into the administration's handling of security risks among government employees. Other investigations are on tap for later. Ike Sp«aks Tomorrow President Eisenhower will coma before the legislators tomorrow to present his legislative program in the customary state of the union message. Some parts of it already have been disclosed informally. Among them: a new military manpower program keyed to building up a big ready reserve of trained young men; postponement of tax cuts scheduled for spring under present law on business income, liquor, tobacco, automobiles and some other items. Preliminary to the formal convening of Congress at noon, many of the members attended a special church service with the President. In the National Presbyterian Church, they heard prayers for their guidance, for the nation, for the President, for peace. There was also a special petition for efforts to obtain the release of American prisoners held in Red China. Eisenhower on his part has pledged coopera tion with the Democratic-run Congress. And such party leaders as Sen. Lyndon B. Johnson and Speaker Ray burn have promised the Democra ts will not oppose simply for the sake of opposition. The incoming Democratic House speaker has said that body will go to work first on Eisenhower's expected proposal for a three-year extension of the Reciprocal Trade Agreements Ace, together with ad- diuonal tariff-cutting powers. While Democrats in general likely will support that proposal, Rayburn toid a caucus of Democratic representatives yesterday things were done and said by Republicans in last ypnr 1 ? pre-election cam- See DEMOCRATS on Page 5 Weather He had extensive farm holdings here, but retired 12 years a^o and since that time had made his home at 1500 Ash with his wife, Mrs. Ara Brand Evan?, and son, John Randolph Evans. Jr.. who survive. H? w,>5 a member of First Meih- odist Church. jCommum^rPr'e^ Lou " est 3G ^ northwest to- Other survivors ] Minisrrr Chou En ., aj an(J yjce For _} night. He also, leaves ji son, Charles; eicn Minister Chane Han-fu. Pei- Evans, Shrrvcpon, La.; five' pine radio said. Forty-one new cases of tnbercu- i cir;lighter?. Mrs. E. L. Bowie? sis were discovered in nortneapt. O?rc3l;i. Mrs. Jack William?. Scat Communist broadcasts heard Jn -, MISSOURI — Showers and scattered thunderstorms south, rain central and freezing rain changing 0.9 per cent. Oil bearing crops increased in [irice from mid-November to mid- December, up 1.8 per cent. Feed grains and* hay Increased 1.7 per cent and food groins were up 1.4 per cent. Nationally the Index of farm prices .declined two per cent during the one month period that ended Dec. 1£. Ske, Officials Attend Special Church Services WASHINGTON - President Elsenhower and other government officials attended special church ervlccs today find heard prayers or Divine guldnncc for the new Congress. There was a special peti* Ion on behalf of efforts to obtain !ie rclonsc of American prisoners lold by Red China. lississippi County last year, it; tip, \V;i--b.. Mrs. 0. O. Elkins. Mrs. r as reported today. This report, Co nnabel Fill po: nly that area ,iorth of Luxora and] 1st of Big Lake. This figure, she stated, is higher isn in previous years. Mrs. Francos Gammill, executive secretary of the county TB association, stated that the association is paying for an average of 10 visits per month to the state sanitarium. i This, she said, includes old cases j and others going for examinations. : snow ext.reme north this afternoon diminishing and ending to-night,: narrow band of heavy snow of 4 inches or more likely; much . • j colder jonicht" Thursday partly 1-ii'icMv.I services will be conriuci-; P™™W& by^.in overwhelming Gen- j , loudy . much co]der SQUth and cen- tial. Minimum this morning—no report. Maximum yesterday—no report. Sunrise tnaionow—7 :OS, S\m.v:t today—5 03.. Precipitation last 24 hours to 7 a.m. — no report. Precipitation Jan. 1 to date—.04 This Date Last Year Maximum yesterday—55. Minimum this morning—S3. Precipitation January 1 to date — none. ed ^Hou" Funer.il Home Chapel | p ™ ! Assembly VOIP a: li p.m. tomorrow by (he Rev ' A r ' u '" — H:*rold Eeeeiisperger. A Chinese language broadcast said the Swedish statesman was Burial will be in Memorial Park i entertained at a cocktail party and Cemetery. Pallbearers will include Tim Bowles, C. W. Bowles, Osceola; Orville Elkins. Jr.. Little Rock. and Joe Elkins, John Logan and Charles Moore. Blytheville. All are grandsonj of Mr. Evans. later went to dinijer for three— himself, Chou and Chang. Chou. Chang, Rfid Chinese Vice Premier Chen Yi and other hi- nese government officials and foreign diplomats attended the cocktail party, Peiping said, Better Learn How to File that Income Tax Form If you're one of the persons who each year have depended upon the "income tax man" to fill out your income tax forms and figure the amount of tax you owe, then you'd better find yourself a new boy. For this year, everybody ts on his own and all the Internal Revenue Department will do for you is offer assistance where It Is needed. This Is the word passed on recently by Olln S. Godwin, state Internal Revenue Service director, who says that effective this year he Washington office has adopted a new policy and that the IRS isn't ;olng lo sit down any more to fill iut tax returns for a handful of ndivldual taxpayers. Instead, the IRS will undertake n cducMfonM program Eo tench i axpnycrs to do the Job them-1 selves. Old Policy Under the old policy of taxpayer assistance the IRS sent out representatives to all sections of the state to answer questions and fill out returns. But. according to Mr. Godwin, such ;m operation costs money and besides, it takes the revenue men away from more important jobs such ns collecting taxes and running down tax dotlg?rs. In view of this, the IRS decided to tackle the assistance program through a method that will teach people to file their own returns. This year, the service will help l,nxpayers who are incapable of hiR out their own returns, but ;hls service will be kept to a min- num. Godwin said collectors will file returns for physically handicapped persons, such as blind, nRcd, crippled, maimed, illiterate and non- English speaking: taxpayers with simple tax problems. . But. the average taxpayer need' n't expect the accounting service offered by IRS representatives of the past when a taxpayer simply walked into his office, dumped a pile of records, on his desk and then sat back while the IRS man figured how much he owed Uncle Sam or vice ^versn. Education Plan This year, the extent of the IRS assistance to most taxpayers will be in the form of an educational program. During the month of January, IRS offices throughout the state will set aside one-half » day a week during which time they will explain the filling out of Income tax forms to any and all taxpayers desiring this service. And In March and April the IRS offices wilt set aside one day a week for the same purpose, Mr.. Godwin said. The program will noe be carried on during the month of February, however. This service will be available to Blytheville and Mississippi County taxpayers at the Blytheville Internal Revenue Service off fee, 400 West Main above the Farmers Bunk, on the following dates: One-half a day (from 8 a.m. to 12 noon) on the four remaining Mondays in January which fall on the I0th, 17th, 24th and 3fst. One day on each of the following dates: the last three Mondays In March, which fall on the Hth, 21at and 28th;, and the first two Men- days in April, which fall on the 4th and Ilth. On these dates, Mr, Godwin said, IRS offices will be open to answer form filing questions but not to fill out forms. New CftM Mr. Godwin also called Sc« TAXES on Pa«e S

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