Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on September 3, 1952 · Page 4
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September 3, 1952

Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 4

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Fayetteville, Arkansas
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Wednesday, September 3, 1952
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3, mi Oiimri *.YBTTCTIU.E DEMOCRAT FUBLUHIHG COMPANY aUbtrta JUM 14, IIH . at lh« post office at rayetttrtUt, SfCond-ClasTatall Matter. __ Vk* «. Wrlta. Edltst _ ' MEMBER Of THE AtWOCIATED PREM Uw Associated Pr«a Is «cluslv«l ".titled 1 lo the use for republkatkn of all n«wj (^patches tnditatl to it or not otherwise credited !n this paper and also tha local news published herein. All right* of republic! lion of special dis- fsjlcbti btrtln ara also lenrved. _ SUMCBIFTIOM RATH SUIl '·*· In WMhlnft*". ·»«·. tMTArk. nd Ad.lr count,, Ota*. Oft month ... fhiM UK-nun ,,__,,.-._ ·» atonthi ;~ -- HiartH A«d* Uraan of Cbt»lark«i Lei JU therefore follow after the thing* which make for peace, and things wherewith or* may tdify ·notncr.--Roman* ' What To Do? Wi-w«W gurprlned to, learn, by read. inri copy of the Wall Street Journal, that the : bta**t business in the,United States ii'tht Metropolitan Life Insurance Company. Like moit, (f asked to name the big- iest buslnes*, n*me» such an General Motors, DuPont, Bell Telephone or U. 8. Steel would niVe come to mind. Not §o at ·II. writes Llhdley H. Clark, Jr. It's Metropolitan. : Some companies top it by big nwrirlns from the standpoint of gross revenues, but It has assets of $10,900,000,000--which equal more than 11,000,000.000 above the Bel! System, which is second in si?e. America has just pone through the biggest life-insurance buying spree in its history, nnd this b) not the only life ir- purance company with money to spend. It '. isn't alone in not .knowing exactly where to put that loose cash, either. At the end of June, the Journal reports, Mmei-icans owned $266,000,000,000 worth bf life insurance, some $12,000,000.000 wore thnn they held at the end of 1951, · |ind $113,000,000,000 more than thev had lust seven years ago. About $50,000,000,900 of this life insurance is with Metro- ; jpolrtan--in fact, one of each five Ameri- (gns Is t Metropolitan policy holder, Clark . fays. :i Not having too much of the green stuff ilto luolt out for, most of us aren't extraordinarily troubled with what to do with What we have. But with nearly $11,000,- JOOO.QOO available in assets, such a qucs- ; tion can become a major issue, "What to |do with-the money?" can easily be a problem of major concern. £ It. ought to give us somethinf to think about, at any rate. If you had no much ; money you didn't know what to do with it, : Jhbw would you proceed ? frhe Price of Things ·; Although the Bureau of Labor Statis. Itfcs reports record high retail food prices, Hhe fanners didn't get more for their prod,' !ucts during the month ending- August 15. TlTie Agriculture Department says in its ^monthly price report that prices received iby farmers for 34 commodities averaged - the KB me in mid-August as a month -. jearlier. Any price increases which farmers .received were counter-balanced by decreases. { Farmers received more for poultry, dairy products, hogs, small grains, h.iy : jind potatoes, but less for truck crops, cattle, calves, several fruit crops and sweet potatoes. Other items stayed about where · they were July 15. : In the same report, the department Mid farmers were paying about 0.33 per ! cent more for the things they buy than a | month ago. ': ! Important information, this, to those ! bf us who live in an agricultural state. i : Washington, 1). C. can't get too ex- S 'dted over these coastal hurricanes. The · brg winds there come in filibuster season. "Armed Services at Odds on How to Divide Funds"--headline. Our hearts bleed i few them, and our pocketbooks likewise. THE WASHINGTON Merry-Go-Round Br DBCW PEARSON While Drew Pearson Is on a vacitlon, the Washington Merry-Oo-Round is being written by several distinguished guest colunlsts, today's being Stanley Andrews, technical cooperation administrator In the Department bf State. Washington--There are many weapons which the free world can use to fight Communist aggression--military, political and economic weapons. But I believe history may well demon- strtte that the most effective weapon we have In the struggle against Communism is the point 4 program. Like most things of fundamental greatness, Point 4 i« very simple. It helps people to help themselves--by teaching and sharing America's scientific knowledge and technical skills with the peoples of the under-developed areas of the world. Point 4 is not a product of our defense effort and It Is not a substitute for defense, but Point 4 is no less a source of strength for the free world. Some of the countries with which the VS. is cooperating through the Point 4 program lit directly in the path of Soviet expansion. In most of these underdeveloped areas the threat of Communism is not a military threat, and it cannot be met with military measures. Ouni are no defense against poverty, ignorance, and unrest. In the underdeveloped areas the only sure defense against the spread of Communism and other forms of tyranny is a powerful, concentrated attack on disease and hunger and thtlr evil consequences. P'jlnt 4 is our weapon for this attack. * * * Point 4 is a new kind of diplomacy. Point 4 diplomats are dungaree and blue jeans diplomats--teachers, health officers, engineers, farm demonstration agents who work directly with the people in the villages and on the farms. Point 4 is a people-to-people program* U.S. technicians working with technicians of other countries arc not concerned with political prob- lebs. In the 'midst of antl-U.S. disturbances in Iran, American and Iranian technicians continued to work side by side, trying to do a job that means more food, clean water, lower infant mor'.jlity, fewer deaths of mothers in childbirth. Our work with the peoples of the Point 4 countries Is very similar, In fact, to your own ncople-to-pcople efforts, Drew Pearson--the Friendship train, the Tide of Toys, and the letter-writing camoalgn between the people of Italian descent in the United States and their relatives In Italy which helped swing the 1947 Italian elections for democracy. Point 4 has been called Idealistic. If Point 4 Is Idealism, It Is hard-headed, practical idealism. There arc sound economic reasons behind Point 4. Rising national income, more productive agriculture, and greater Industrial activity make other nations better customers for United States' products and commodities. They create markets for American businessmen and jobs for Amcrl- *can workers. Beyond self-lnUrett, the motives for Point 4 are ambeddtd deeply in our American democratic tradition. The peoples of the underdeveloped areas of the world--In Asia, Africa, the Middle Xa.it, Latin America--are awakening after centuries of impotence and subjection to outside domination. In the ISth century they were largely passed over by the industrial revolution and the political revolutions of France · and America. The billion human souls in these underdeveloped areas are waking up to the potentialities of life In the 30th century. Many of them have recently gained national independence. They are learning that hunger, disease and ig- norance'need not be their everlasting heritage. · H Is In the tradition and the history of America that we help them. Point 4 is the vehicle on which scientific knowledge, technical inventions and material progress becomes traveling companions with our ideals, our hopes and aspirations for achieving real brotherhood among men. * * * What has Point 4 accomplished? More than 1,000 TCA technicians arc overseas working with some 20,000 nationals in 35 countries. The native "counterparts" of our Point 4 workers arc being taught the skllis and knowledge of American technicians. For the basic principle of Point 4 is to train the people of the participating countries so that each country can take over its own programs. For example, tha Etawah agricultural project In India is now run entirely by Indians. In Liberia, Frank Pindcr, an extension agent from Florida, has helped the Liberia farmers produce a cash crop by providing 24 cocoa seeds for two cents. Point 4 workers have reduced crop losses in Lebanon by showing the Lebanese citrus farmers modern ways of picking, chipping and marketing their crops. In Ecuador, Colombia and other Latin American countries health workers have almost eliminated the dread tropical disease yaws. A new disease-resistant rubber tree has been developed In Latin America. Malaria is being brought under control in the near East. Perhaps I should close this guest column with a prediction on "the shape of things to come." I am willing to predict that the American people and the peoples of the free world will turn more and more in the years to come to the Point 4 principle not only as a potent weapon against Communism, but because technical assistance is the ".Uplomacy of the future." Even the Russians "Places, Everyone!" They'll Do It Every Time EDEDIAH . WOULOTT EVEM KEEP A PIS6KW WALLET WAT DlDKlT HAVE A PCOI6REE- --. By Jimmy Hatlo WErJ IT COMES HIS 04UeHTB?, IT SEE-MS MY OF TOE VILLAGE LOAFERS WILL DO CWKJB3S MKET^TOET arc imitating Point 4 while their propaganda attacks it. And one more prediction; Buz Sawyer, the famed cartoon-strip character who is helping fight the locust plague in Iran will trap the blonde Russian agent, kill the locusts, and discover uranium in Southern Asia. How Time Flies Thirty Years Ago Today (Fayettevillc Daily Democrat, September 3,1922) Everybody in Fayettevllle will labor Ijjbor Day but post office employees. Stores and banks Witt keep open as usual and all other industry is scheduled to continue the even tenor or its ways, according to report. The first public official act of the local Ku Klux Klan, following the Klan's public notice of its organization, is the presenting of $50 to the employment of a matron at Frisco station. The regular meeting of the salesmen of the Otark Grocery Company was held at noon Saturday at the Washington. Following a business session, dinner was served at one o'clock. It. H. Gregory, formerly of the company's force, now of Muskogee, was a guest at the dinner. · Twenty Years Ago Today (Fayetteville Daily Democrat, September 3,1932) Building of the first Methodist church in the city, a frame structure on East Center street, in 1830, will form the basis of the second episode of the Methodist Centennial Pageant to be given soon at the Greek amphitheatre. A truck loaded with 100 bushels of apples was stolen last night from its parking place on the square, 1 and was found on a by-road near the Junction. The Better Homes and Gardens club will hold a mock trial at Prairie Grove tonight. W. E. Lark will be tried for moving into the community and not improving his property. There will be a round table discussion on how to improve the community. Ten Years Ago ttttr (Northwest Arkansas Times, September 3, 1M2) Blanks for medical and hospital obstetric and pediatric care for wives and infants of enlisted men have been received at the county health office. Expectant mothers are eligible for obstetric, medical and hospital services, with the government paying the physicians according to a fixed scale. Medical and hospital care tor infants one year or under whose fathers are in the service also are available. Sherman Lollar, former Fayetteville American Legion junior league star who has been playing with Wichita in the Ban Johnson league this season, will catch for the Ozark Grocers in their final play-off came.at the Fairgrounds Sunday afternoon against the Washington Transfers. * Questions And Answers Q--How many eyes has a New Zealand tau- tara? A--Three. It has a rudimentary third eye In the center of its forehead. Q^Is the hoWied toad a toad? A--No, a lizard.- Q--What is Peruvian bark? A--The bark of the cinchona tree used to' make quinine. Q--What does the pyramid on the back of the Great Seal of the United States symbolize? A--The Union's lasting strength. Q--What American helped establish the Canadian postal system? A--Benjamin Franklin. Q--Did the United States retain Corregidor after the Philippines gained their independence? A--No. Q--Has the United States ever had an Admiral of the Navy? A--George Dewcy, hero of Manila. By Edna G. Robins Cormjhr 1W If NEA Strriet, hie. S up now?" Somebody's birthday?" H a r r y Weston had come home to find his wife radiant In her rose-colored party dress. A general air of festivity 'pervaded the house. { "No, not exactly," Louise replied .smiling mischievously. "Just a lit- Itle surprise party." ; Hnrry was mystified, but not un- itll his wife had served the dessert at dinner did Louise let her fam- 'ily into the secret. ! "Aunt Ella is responsible for the {celebration. I had a letter from iher this morning from San Fran- jcisco. She thanked us for entertaining her so kindly, and then she [wrote--well, I'd better read you what she said." 1 Louise rose and took the letter jfrom the mantelpiece. Opening it Ito the second page, she began to read. 'Louise, dear, you're my only relative, sn of course most of my little savings will go to you. But I don't want you to have to wall till I nm gone to enjoy them. I hnve much more than I need for my wants., And so 1 am enclosing a check for $10,000 which you arc to use In whatever way you think ; will bring you the most happlnci , There wns a general gasp of ·astonishment. Then each of h*r listener! tried to mnkc helpful suggestions tor disposing of the nwney. "Gee, with that we could «t an automobile, I should think," Ted |offercd hopefully. ·Oh, Mom, couldn't we fa away this summer on a ml trip)" Eleanor so expressed ker MMlnfi "We could put In I new twnaca with Kimt of Uw money,' Harry a*** atowly. Ha was waiting to IM If MssjtiB; wwM ttun DM ehtch over to Mm, Thai wssi Ma MM of UM jjroDer thlnf for a «»« to *o, and yet he hesitated to tell her so. Louise listened w i t h a serene and non-commital air to what they said. No one suggested that she spend the money jusf on herself. * · · HE next morning Louise went out soon after breakfast. She went to the bank and opened her first account. Her pleasure in It was marred by a certain regret that she should have had to get the money as a gift. Harry had started an account for Ted years ago, but he had never considered that his wife needed one. After leaving the bank Louise took a trolley to New York. She returned late for lunch, satisfied with her efforts. She found that she. could not keep the family in suspense until the end of dinner. She looked at them benignly and f e l t a little sorry for them, knowing that her plans would take away the appetite of at least one of the group. "They're nothing but children, nil three of them," she thought. "And why don't men ever grow up?" She turned with a smile to Elanor. "Well, my dear, I've settled your future for the next few months at least." "Oh, M o t h e r , what do you mean?" "1 enrolled Miss F.ltanor Weston In a business school for a atcn- tarlal course." "Oh, mother, where?" "In New York, on West IM Ted's voice cern. ·I've engaged a housekeeper.' "A housekeeper! Why do you want a housekeeper? You aren't going away, Mather, are you?" ' expressed real con"Not exactly.' 1 Louise felt naughty, but ah* certainly was en- ioylng b e r s t l t "I'm going to school, tool" The two children stared at her, then broke Into excited exclamations of surprise and amusement. Only Harry went on eating his dinner quietly. His.thoughts were In a turmoil. He felt that Louisa had escaped him; then, more bitterly, lie realized that she bad never bt- longed to him. T OUISE WESTON, avoiding her husband's' eyas, was explaining her plans to the children. She was going to an art school on West 10th Street "That will be for three or four days a.week. Then, because we haven't room enough in the house for a studio, and the painty smell Isn't nice to have around anyway, I've rented a room that can b* fixed up as a studio." ·Oh, Mother, what funt" Eleanor cried entranced. "Will you have parties there Ilk* a real artist?" Ted asked seriously. "Well, maybe. But Ml b* w«*k- Ing very hard trying to be a real artist myself." Louise glanced hastily at Harry. He looked wklt* and hurt uti skk StMCl." ·And will 1 have to fo lo New York every day?" ·Yes, I'm afraid so. But It's · very nlc* place. I know youll like It." "And wnst alaa did you dol" «anor aaktJ aaitrly. Matter Of Fact »y STEW AST ALSOP Washington -- Flam (or two hufe emergency projects, comparable to the Manhattan district, are now betas carefully reviewed on hlf h government levels. The Manhattan district, as the world re- mwnbers, gave this country the firtt atomic bomb. Yet In many wayi, the tasks of these new pro}- ecti will be even more critically important. . The plain, bleak truth ii that we now seem to be moving into a revolutionary new world situation. By 1954, in the opinion of many of the leading governmental experts,' the Soviet Union will have the power to deliver, a crippling atomic attack upon American tar- lits, while we shall no longer have the power to retaliate in kind. The purpose of the new projects, if they are launched, will be to prevent this fearful new situation from arising-. Two projects are needed because there are two problems. First, this country mutt be provided with an effective air defense. And, second, our waning retaliatory air striking power must be restored. Slow, unnoticed changes have produced these dire needs. The simplest way to illustrate these changes is the story of what has happened to our retaliatory striking jower. In this respect, we have probably already entered "the air gap," as the planners call the once theoretical period when the air - and- atomic balance between the United States and the Soviet Union would begin to change sharply. In brief, it is an open secret that the operational B-36« and other aircraft of our strategic air force do not constitute an unlimited air armada. They are numbered, in fact, in the very low hundreds. On the other hand, estimates of probable average losses of these planes in missions against Soviet targets are now being continuously revised upwards. There is considerable dispute about percentages of loss, with the air planners themselves on the optimistic side. But seemingly well reasoned forecasts place the losses at between 30 and 50 per cent of aircraft per mission. Quite aside from the effect of such losses on pilot morale and efficiency, losses anywhere near than figures will obviously leave us with.too few weapons for the job. The big planes and their highly trained crews cannot be replaced at any such rates as these. If such rates of loss are in fact to be inflicted on us, the task of crippling the Soviet Union by retaliatory air attack cannot be carried out. The reasons why these formerly theoretical loss estimates are now seeking to be theoretical are both plain and simple. First, the Soviets, whose targets are almost all very remote from their frontiers, are organizing a complex and powerful air defense in depth. Second, they now have an estimated force of 8,000 modern jet interceptors, mostly MIG-15J to form the backbone of this defense Third, the experience of our B- 29s against the MIGs in Korea, has licated the effectiveness o{ the at heart It ukhit take all Uw pteMurt out of h«r work to krww tfcat she was upset- llng him. "I know It* w h i t Aunt Hla wanted me ta do," sht explained. "And It's only fair to htr to |tvt It a trial. If It fctant work cut, I CM tlwan Ito It up." Soviet air defense agalnct the type of offensive operations which we have hitherto contemplated. Night attacks at high altitude have always, thus far, been the main reliance of our strategic air planners. But a quirk of the world weather pattern causes the cloud cover to lie very low over the whole Soviet, land mass at least 90 per cent of the time. Nine days and nights out of 10, there are no clouds in the higher atmosphere over the Soviet Union, where our strategic aircraft have been designed to fly most efficiently. The speeds of our planes are not great enough to evade the MIG-lSs. And the Korean experience has shown that the MIG can be vectored by ground radar to any enemy plane not protected by cloud cover, although the MIG lacks built-in searching and finding radar. In addition, after lone denials, our air planners are at last beginning 1 to admit that the Soviets are producing a true night-fighter, with its own searching and finding radar to complement the ground control radar. For all these reasons, the existing, almost universal complacency about our retaliatory striking power threatens to become a total illusion. Maybe, as the air planners assert, we can still do a lot of damage today, but the power we have now is a rapidly wasting asset This is no place ta detail what needs to be done to reverse this appalling trend, which is undermining the absolutely central assumption of American and Western policy. Fortunately, there is much that can be done. There are new weapons; there are new tactics, and there ara combinations of the new weapons and the new tactics. The guided missiles especially, in all their dreadful variety, offer an almost sure promise of redressing the balance. , But here we run Into the familiar American power of self-delusion. We have felt, and still feel, mighty comfortable just because we have an overwhelming stock of atomic bombs. Wa have not faced the fact that the most devastating bomb is worthless if it cannot be delivered.'By the same token we feel mighty comfortable when our leadens blandly tall us that we "have" this or that new weapon. We do not face the fact that mere possession of a prototype will get us exactly nowhere when the chips are down. Prototypes are all we have today, in the categories of weapons needed to restore and maintain our retaliatory striking power. A tremendous concentrated and over-riding effort Is needed to procure us more than prototypes in a reasonable time. It will be an uncomfortable effort. The discomfort will be increased by the equally necessary, parallel effort to restore our own air defense. Yet the question is: Shall we accept discomfort now, or find ourselves quite probably living in a total nightmare a mere two years from now, in 1954 T For the "air gap" is likely to be complete in 1954 if uncomfortable preventive measures are not immediately taken. Dorothy Dix Dear Miss Dix: I could love m y j husband very much if he gave me a chance, but he holds himself aloof and acts as if it were ridiculous to show a little affection toward me. I try to discuss this situation with him, but it seems to make him irritable. I know there is no one else in the picture. I keep up my personal appearance, do all my household duties, and try to be cheerful even if things go wrong. I don't expect him to to in ardent lover and I don't have a lot of silly romantic notions, i do feel, though, that there should be a little happiness aside from the routine, everyday things. Before we were married he was quite different; then he did act as though he cared for me. We hava been married two years. He is 55, and I am 30. I have four children by a former marriage and they keep me occupied but I still would like more attention from my hur- coNrnrmm on PACE Fiy« College Doys Answer to Previous Puzzltl ·OUTONTAL 1 College in Cedar Rapids, Iowa 4 College in Houston, Tex. 8 University In Nashville, Tenn. 12 Curve 13 Region 14 Opposed II Pouch U Massachusetts Island U Component 120 Birds' homt» hi Bom |22 Makas mistakes 24 Italian city 26 Gnat Lake 27 Am WOni for nnamonanra :; r SSHM uacranwn s auora ncjL ion 53 One who (suffix) 56 Act 57 Short sleep VUTtCAL 1, institute in Cleveland, Ohio 2 Type ol college - - ' txaminatlon 23 Opponent 40 Small pincer 3 Peculiar 24 Ostriches 41 Put in . 4 Indian qu**n 29 Mentally harmony «· 5 Persia sound 42Performinc«*.' 6 Middle 20 Sea eagles « Dtmc-nitrativ« 1 Consume 27 Statement - pronoun *«» 8 Visages 28 Create 44 Heraldic band! fl Writing fluids 2t Musical 48 Destror «J, 10Let it stand syllables 47IctlandKJ 11 Sets of tools 31 Swiss songs «· myths *sW 33 Norse legend»4»Profoun4F. 17 Imagined U Encounters 31 Dress SO Spread to dry N. y. 34 Accord 35Unlv«i --J* Fslrbs * Dry, · 'ITDlitrlt 39 Turns 40NuUsr 41 Pitch 42 Coral 4} Had cos* 4lTm». unt ab.) suffering i cauie tan's ie in hkatptit, rd trslty of near banki rlbuto «nct 1 Island MMH imttrla Wwth mm i r ie i i a. · IS 18"" a io h U V I? 12 U i H n i H H r i i ii K '§ h ft 5 ¥ i n \ » U iff i W 7 It ft 11 ^ d fl V '$( 1 4 n $ W H si I f *. 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