Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on September 1, 1952 · Page 4
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September 1, 1952

Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 4

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Monday, September 1, 1952
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i, mi artinneit Arkanaaa FUBUSIilira COMPANY KoWtlt fiiarliM. Frestisrt _ FeaucM JttM 14. IM» Intend M the put ottlc* *t Art, « Second-cuss Hall atitUr. "MEMBER or THE AMOCIATCD mm ThiAHOcUtcd Press Is exclusive* entitled to Iht uw lor republlcation ot all news dtapatches credited to It or not otherwise credit** m this SSer ««» ,uo the local news published here n. All rlfhls of republicition ol spsdil dl»- ps)tth*s herein are aUu nacrvtd. _ IUBSCMPTION IATH , Mr WM* ·UU r,u.t in 'waihMM. *nM. Mails'* ttt? Ark., .na Adalt coatf. otoa. oe* saoaui · fhTM mc'Btha til MHllhi - ··»"'. fwte iwmtte ·£ momm r ** r " The integrity of the upright shall guide them : but the perver*ene»a of transgres- ton shall destroy them.-Proverbs 11:3 labor Clay §" Today h Labor Day-- the occasion for l^laree t*rt of the laboring force of the Country t« Uk« a holiday. There will be ft»tivitie« spread well over the country, If the nation takes a breather from its usual fait and furious business pace. · This' Labor Day is being observed in the midst of » period of inflation, where the duller is worth only half, or less, of its gnetime value, end where the cost of living SB rapidly expending. We in thin country ate operating a war economy and · peace economy together for the first time in our history. In reality we are conducting a war, with tremendous outlay of expenditures called for. At the same time f e are trying to keep the civilian economy gofni,' at top speed. It is some job! · i Previously when we have fought a war, we have rolled up our sleeves, made what adjustments we had to, and gotten down (o the job of winning at any cost. Things ire different today. Now we art putting fieri and equipment in the field to fight the enemy and continuing to operate as inuch as usual M possible here at home, |lsregarding the war and all it means. f So this Labor Day finds the United ftates in a unique position-- in the midst »f both pence and war. We have record numbers of employed, and "good times" fin a wide front. However, those who live tm a fixed income are finding inflation , hard to bear-- the Intake in so many in- liiYicts is go far below the need. f ThoneW'ttn labor and earti thl'blir- «er pav checks are fortunate indeed. True, xhey find everything they, buy, and taxes {too, much costlier, but 'with the greater in- i-omes most of them have, they can stand 3t. The folks who don't have increased in- 'comes. while at the same time finding the iprice of everything they buy skittering to jnew heights, are the ones who are hard {hit. They are the ones the present state of affairs hit hardest. f Celebrating Labor Day will be those iwho appreciate the opportunity they have ·to work. Many of them enjoy their labor, .-would be lost without it. These are the , : 'people Labor Day means something to-- ·the men and women who work to live; but 'who also find in work a satisfaction not known elsewhere. Labor Day is this day, a time when the nation stops and pays tribute to their skill and their ability and then- willingness -- even eagerness -- to do the job better. These are the folk who have built America, : · · -- -* - · · Zorin, "Russian, hatchet man who 'staged the Red coup in Czechoslovakia, has replaced Malik in the U.N. But there is no sign that the hatchet is buried. - * In attending the national plowing contest, Stevenson and Eisenhower have their minds more on making political hay. - * -- j The general who wrote secret informa- ; tion in his diary and let the Reds steal it I now has a job in the Army Historical · Office. The Army doesn't want talent like that to be wasted. THE WASHINGTON Merry-Go-Round Bf DBEW fEAllON (Wh.lt Drew Pearson ii on a brief vacation, the Waihlnfton Merry-Go-Rounti ii being written by several dlstinfutahed guest columnists, today's being Charles F. Brannan, secretary of agriculture.) Washington--It's at this time of year--with autumn just ahead--that the mlndi of city people are most likely to f a back to rural origins mid to pleasant times associated with the harvest season. It's a good time to think about what agricultural abundance means to each of us. To the farmer, the harvest is what he has worked for all year--the fruit of a year's labor. But it's just as important to the city dweller, for each of us depends on his very existence from a hare of the produce of the farms and ranches of the nation. In one sense, you live on a farm. For every reader of this column and for every other man, woman, and child In the United States, there Is In this country the equivalent of jy« acres of harvested cropland and about seven acres of grassland, producing the food which he consumes each day and much of hii clothing, too. Now let us for a moment Imagine that we could set aside In one tract the cropland and grassland that works full time for one average American. This approximately 10 acres of land It located In various parts of our country, with · grtat diversity of crops and animals, a wide rang* of climate and soils, and requires many different cultural methods. The care and management of that theoretical tract of land Is of paramount importance to you, so let's see how your 10 acrts are getting along. * * * Firtt, let's note that you have fewer acres thth you had 20 years ajo. There are 30,000,000 mott Americans than there were then, while our total agricultural land has expanded very little. Therefore the average harvested cropland hit shrunk almost two-thirds of an acre, and grassland available per person has decreased proportionately. Twenty years from now there will be less acreage for each of our citizens. But, at the same time, crop yields per acre havt risen more In the last two decades than In any other period of the M years for which we have records. Yields are about 45 per cent higher than In 1930, compared with only a five per cent increase In the preceding 20 years. Yields' from pasture lands and from poultry and llve- stotk also have risen remarkably. Therefore, your- acres--though fewer--are producing substantially more than the larger acreag* produced for your father; and you, the averaf* American, are eating not only more food than in 1932, but 11 per cent more food than you ate in the boom year 1929. If you're like the average person today in eating habits, you are consuming more meat, milk, fruit, vegetables, and many other producU than you did In IMS, .all of which are the equivalent of many pounds of grain md grass. Increases In the production of meat and the so-called protective foods have given you a better diet. Compared with 1921, you are consuming nearly 10 per cent more meat, 12 per cent more fluid milk, almost 30 per cent more eggs, and substintlally more green vegetables, At the same time, gross farm output per man hour has increased 72 per cent since 1932; and less manpower Is needed to operate your 10 acres. One farm worker can now produce enough food and fiber for himself and 14 other persons. Twfnty years ago he could produce only enough for't.lmsclf and 10 others. As a result of this efficiency, you buy more and better food with about the same percentage of your Income, after taxes, that you ipent in 1932 for food--when food prices wen near their record low. * '* * But of equal, if not greater, Importance to YOU, 20 years ago your acres were being seriously damaged by erosion and depletion. Today there Is still some deterioration, but the chances are that your acres are among the four out of five farms now In soil conservation districts. Your acres are getting Hi times as much lime and fertilizer as they were getting two decades ago. Electricity has increased the productivity of your 10 acres. When the Rural Electrification Administration was established in 1915.,only one farm In 10'had power-line electricity. Now only one in 10 is without It. Farm-credit programs have Increased the farm operator's ability to produce on your acres and have helped to reverse the long-time trend toward tenancy. Three-fourths of American farms are owner-operated today, compared with SS per cent two decades ago. (Remember that when you hear vague charges about "creeping Socialism.") Price-support programs enable the farmer to produce abundantly on your 10 acres without the fear that his abundance will produce price collapse. Farmers today have about twice the power to purchase goods made by other people, like you, than they had in 1929. Farmers are better able to educate their children, and buy r.utomobllcs, tractors, refrigerators, and thousands of other things that keep city people on the job. Research has Increased the efficiency of your 10 acres. The development of hybrid corn, alone, boosted output about $7 per year for every man, woman, and child in this country. We gain about half that much each year from disease-resistant c«real. Research, price supports, farm credits, extension education, crop Insurance, forestry, flee- "That's Fine-But Don't Misuse It" I « ' They!! Do It Every Time i~«. By Jimmy Hatlo fioOP OL 1 FIDCLW REAUiy WENT TO S*T FOR HER NEED/ fWL /AND BASED HER ftTO A VERX NICE JOB-- FRiCiro 6TILUCTTA TOAOSTOt iVt BtEM TCLUJ6 XXJ ^ ABOUTSHe NEEDS A 006 V JP FIOELI* »** VW ft*Dt»! AHD you Mtmneo /BOOT MIRIM -»§TAWT R3R ME- ITHOUSKT THAT rnuLtTTA f BEEH 6IVIMS KlO. I GUESS )WD FIT (Nl HERE-OW WU START Ot h /MOWS LATER-...NCW rrs STILLETTA WHO IS DOlMfii THE ASrJ5~E4SlM6 FIDELIA OUrT r^s^^» '-- -- - MeN7 * uy ' FCCLM WlLLINlSHORSC B WEREOy TRANSFERRED TO THE SHlPPlJ6 DEPY SMEJWU. BE REPUC60 By STtOETM TaAOSTOOL, ""O I* TO BE OVEN AH REAM OF 20-NO-. .zs RXLAW A wcexY* «- 5f^^f '^a»r Unification--those are some of the farm programs that have helped increase the food and fiber produced on your 10 acres. * * * Yet you have had to pay very little for all these benefits. This year, for all the farm programs, you will have contributed about two cents out of each of your federal tax dollars. That's all you pay In taxes to be sure that 2Vi acres of harvested cropland and about seven acres of grassland are kept efficiently at work for you. The total cost of all farm programs this year will be considerably smaller than the gains we realize e/ery year from hybrid-corn and disease-resistant cereals alone. These benefits also, help your grocery bill. Only about 48 cent out of every food dollar goes to the farmer, who spends a large part of that in production costs. The remaining 52 cents goes for marketing--for transportation^ storage, wholesale and retail handling. Yes, your acres are doing very well for you-and they must continue to do well. Our population Is growing rapidly, and the chances are that In another quarter century we will have 35,000,000 or 40,000,000 more people. Your 2^4 acres will then have shrunk to about 1% acres and your'share of the available grassland also will have decreased. That Is not cause for pessimism, however. Studies by the Department of Agriculture indicate that farm output could conceivably be boosted by a fifth within a few years, in an economy geared to high-level production. A higher-level diet could be provided through greater emphasis on livestock and poultry. To do those things, we must all make the belt use of our resources and continue to improve the productivity of our acres and animals. , Suppose that neglect of our land resources or the human resources on the land should raise the price ot meat, dairy, and poultry products just one cent a pound. That would cost consumers more than $1,000.000.000 a year--or about the came as the cost of all federal farm programs. This is a good reason why all of us have a stake in the programs to keep farmers economically strong and increasing the production on our acres. Questions And Answers Q--Does the size of the seed control the size of the filant that will grow from it? A--No The California redwood, growr from a very small seed. Q--How did the. United States Navy unit Scabees receive its name? A--The name Seabee is taken from the first letters of the official name, Construction Battalion. Q--Who has the power to adjourn Congress? A--Only Congress. Q--At what age did Verdi compose the opera "Falstaff"? A--Eighty. Q--Does Europe have any active volcanoes? A--Yes. Vesuvius. Q--What plants besides rubber trees also yield some rubber? A--The guayule plant, the manihot tree, landolphia shrubs, and Castilla trees. Q--Which states are bounded by four straight lines? A--Colorado and Wyoming. Q--What honor was accorded the actress, Charlotte Cushman? A--She was the first actress whose name has been placed in the Hall of Fame. Q--Why are the Virgin Islands important to the United States? A--As a military and naval base in the Carribbean Sea and for guarding the Panama Canal. Q--Which states lead In leather manufacture? A--Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin. VIII VINCENT WESTON listened to Louise as she told him about '·tor longing to paint. I "And Cousin H a r r y wouldn't .even let you continue y o u r art studies?" I "It wasn't entirely his fault," «he said. 'There was so much to do, keeping house." "He could have hired a maid," said Vincent. "It makes him feel that he Is somebody. That's why he keeps you at home and give! you no freedom. Jealousy, per- ihaps. In his heart he's afraid of 'you, afraid of your mind, afraid j he will lose you. Not really loac iyou--you aren't the type who [would run away, but he doesn't Iwant you to be mentally indepen- jdent of himself for fear you might [judge him." I "Not that bad really," Louise said mildly in defense of her hus- 'band. "Probably Harry'a father : was the same way--It's the way he was brought up." 'True. It's a family tradition. But why do you put up with it?" "It. won't do me any good to rebel, Vincent. It would only break up my home, and I don't want to live in in itmotphttt of constant quarreling," ·You'd raflxr kill your own totil --that stmt rebellion is eating out your heart." "No.* LoulM «nfl«d it the «- dtod little man, her husband's cousin. "I'm not really rebellious now. At Ant I was, I hated Harry whan I b*fin to And out whit rw was rwlrj like. But gradually I'v* b»- CMM reslgwd. The anger has gone. I know that Harry cant help himself. He btlltvt* Ira Is i ifooid husband. Thtra art many ·Mn Ilk* h* Is, unable to appreclata knlm or tiltnt In i woman. They JMV* to f«tl their power-feel that they an* superior In their own ham. Tfcit I couM d* anything better than he, makes him feel inferior to a woman." 'He's afraid to give you a chance to show what you can do," Vincent said. "He knows you are better than he is." 'I feel very sorry for him," said Louise. "I think I still love him too. In spite of everything." · · · were walking down Fifth Avenue on a lovely spring day. The streets were crowded because · suffragette parade was scheduled for that afternoon. "What makes women want to vote?" Vincent demanded impatiently. "French women get what they want without voting." "You're 11 Ik i n g like Harry," Louise chided. "But today so many American women cam their own living they feel that they need the vote to protect their rights." 'All this makes them unlovely --When women demand something. If they are attractive they can always get what they want. And if they're not attractive, what does anything matter to them anyway?" "It's for those women the Suffragettes are fighting--to save unlovely women from being con* stantly downtrodden." A distant sound of music, a sudden surging of the crowd, told them th* head of the parade wits approaching. Vincent and Louise found a p l a c * at the curb and watched the approach. A hush fell on th* chattering crowd. Men In all ranks of life stood with saber faces while the long lints) of M- rlous, purposeful women pissed by, Suddenly Louis* gave i gasp, Vincent, looking at h*r sharply, saw that h*r ayes w*re filled with tears. He took her arm with · (tntto solicitude. "It's nothing," she Mid shakily, "I Just saw Aunt Ella, She's fiv- m her life for th* suffragetM cause. I used to laugh it h*r--ak« WM so horribly enthusiastic--but when I saw her now, SB staunch and unyielding, sb* looked really --well, heroic." · * · COME hours later. Aunt Ella ^ dragged herself wearily along the corridor to her hotel bedroom. She sat down stiffly and carefully as her back felt brittle. It had been a glorious parade and the end ot their long, earnest striving seemed in sight. The Constitutional amendment had been ratified, the papers said. But strangely enough, Aunt Ella was not exhilarated at the thought of success. She was, all of a sudden, realizing her condition. She was an old woman, wearied before her time by untiring work for other women. She had hosts of acquaintances among her fellow- workers but nobody who seemed really to belong to her. Her only living relative now was Louise, and Louise was probably absorbed in her family. What a glowing, intelligent girl Louis* had been. ' It had seemed too bad that th* child should settle down and fiv* up aJl her ambitions. But now Aunt Ella began to w o n d e r whether perhaps Louis* had been wise a f t e r all. Louise still hid something to live for, while sh* herself faced empty years, now that her work for Woman Suffrage was done. "I wonder," she m u t t e r e d , "whether Louis* Is really hippy. Would I haw been better off It I'd married and raised · family and been what they call · normal woman? I t h o u g h t that it was worth any sacrifice to get rote* for women--but maybe -- probably-the women that come after us will take It all is a matter of cours* ind never give « thought to us who really laid down our lives for them," Aunt Ella brooded uneasily, massaging her tired ankles. Thin she cam* to · sudden decision. Til go and see Louis*. Ill mak* rare for myself whether sh* Is happy--whether her choice wis s* wlM. I'll IN If I tint Justify my own lit*, it least to myself. Whit's more, I'll sjo tomorrow and I wont tall h*r I%i coming. Then she CMl pnswr* *ny alibis. Matter Of Fact BT JOSEPH ALSOP New.York--The profound nation jl issue that goes by the name of Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy has now come close to producing an open break in tb,e ranks of the Republican party. Because of the McCarthy issue, the Wisconsin Republican organization has bluntly asked Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower to cancel a planned and much desired speaking date at Milwaukee on September 5. And the general has acceded to this astonishing request. The immediate '.background is simple enough. In brief, three compromise measures have been offered to the Wisconsin Republican leader, Tom Coleman, who was Sen. Robert A. Taft's Midwestern manager. These three measures, now rejected, were as follows: . First, Coleman's man the Wisconsin state chairman, Wayne Hood, was named executive director of the Republican National Committee whtn the committee was reorganized under Eisenhower's* leadership. This was intended to assure the Wisconsin Republican organization that it would be fully recognized at all times by Eisenhower. Second, Eisenhower took his DO- sition on McCarthy personally. Gen. George C. Marshall, whom McCarthy has accused of treason to the United States, stands almost in a father's relationship to Eisenhower. Eisenhower could not ignore these facts in honor and it would have been politically idiotic to try. Hence, the general denounced the McCarthy attack on Marshall, and came out strongly against the character assassintion and witch-hunting which are now, understandably, summed up under the heading.of "McCarthyism." But having done these things, Eisenhower also said that he would support McCarthy if the latter was duly renominated for the Senate by the Wisconsin Republicans. Third, to avoid any further in- dorsement of McCarthy, Eisenhower planned to do his speaking in Wisconsin while the senatorial primary there was still going on. With a hot primary contest in fu.i swing, it would have been obviously improper for the general to choose between the contestants. Until Tuesday evening, the Eisenhower staff was confidently scheduling the September 5 date in Milwaukee. The man who brought the word that these conciliatory measures were not good enough--who jr. fact requested Eisenhower not to come to Wisconsin--was none other than Wayne Hood, Eisenhower's own appointee to the important National Committee post. There is no recent precedent for this kind of open flouting of .1 presidential nominee by one of his own subordinates representing a state organization. The Wisconsin story, is all of one piece, however, with other recent signs.,and portents. Col. Robert R. McCormick, owner o? the Illinois Republican machine, has now called for the formation of an "American party," presumably to serve the Republican party as a sort of political septic tank, just as Henry Wallace's Progressives served the Democratic part/ in 1948. Certain former supporter? of Sen. Robert A. Taft are trying to run ex-Rep. Hamilton Full, 01 ail people, as the "American party's" Senate candidatt in New York, '.3 defeat'the capable Republican, living Ives. Finally. Senator Taft himself has been asking Eisenhower to surrender to him on several basic issues, as the condition of Taft's active support of the Republlc«r ' national ticket. Early report» of this unorthodox and Wghly un- Republican activity of "Mr. Republican" have been formally denied. None the less, the reports were and.-are wholly correct. It should not be difficult for Eisenhower to reassure Taft about his stand on the Tail-Hartley act. As for the other surrender terms, it is impossible to see how Eisenhower can accept Taft's views on policy. And it would be downr'^ht shocking for Eisenhower to 'appease Taft by promising to freeze out Gov. Thomas E. Bewey of Nsw York, who did so much to obtain the nomination for. the general. A long projected New Y o r k meeting between Eisenhower and Taft has now been considerably deferred. -Moreover, this suggests that Taft means to be obstinate in demanding the pounds of flerll which cannot be given to him. Behind these all but incredible phenomena, in turn, is a struggle that has been going on ever since the Republican convention. To put it bluntly, Republican National Chairman Arthur SummerfMd, Sen. Dirksen of Illinois, 1 W a y n e Hood and others in the o'ficiil Republican machine, have been trying desperately to get Eisenhower to run as a sort of pseudo- Robert A. Taft In this, they have been seconded by pressure from Illinois, Ohio, Wisconsin and Indiana, seemingly organized by Coleman of Wisconsin, and perhaps stimulated, through Coleman, by Taft himself. Meanwhile, Gov. S h e r m a n Adams of New Hampshire, other pre-Chicago Elsenhower backers and most- members of Eisenhower's personal staff have. been equally desperately encouraging the general to run as Dwight D. Eisenhower, and nobody els'!--in short, as the man nominated by the Republican majority at Chicago. This divisive struggle is tte main cause of the uncertainty of the Eisenhower campaign to date. Altogether, it is sometimes hard to believe that Republicans are not the nearest thing to lemming! in human form. For what could be stronger proof of a politic]! death wish, than this obvious willingness of many Republicans !o lose this vital elertion, rathe- than win it in Eisenhower's way instead of their own way? Dorothy Dix Dear Miss Dix: The subject of shorts is one I have never seen discussed in your column. Through the warm months my husband and I have a continuous argument about my clothing. I am much more comfortable doing housework in shorts, or a sunback dress, but he objects strenuously. He insists that I wear a full complement of undergarments and a regular housedress all year round, whether working in the carden, doing housework, shopping, or picnicking. I'm a mother of three children, in my early 40's, certainly have enough self-respect to know when I am decently dressed, but I don't feel that I should be overburdened with clothing for simple, everyday- tasks or trips. RACHEL G. Answer: We are living! in an era of the undress movement which, like most movements, can be very pernicious if carried to extremes. There is, however, a great deal of sense in keeping cool through hot weather and eliminating much of the burdensome clothing- that beset our forebears. In the privacy of her own home or garden, a woman should be able to consult her comfort when it comes to dress; public appearances, even if only at the store or on a picnic, require considerably coNmnnm on PACK FIVE Who Lives Where Anmmrto Provlout Punt*' JOTfln HOU2OKTAL 1 The lion's 4 "Only a bird In a gilded 8 The hen's . 12 Poem 13 Demigod 14 Indian coin 15 Light carriage '16 Greek statumsn II Railroad depot 20 Century plants Jl Weight measure 22 Obtains 24 Underweight 2« Soldier's home, army ITJEdl* 10 Home of miny Cubans 32 Cylindrical Miff dlih 35 Rubber M Legal matters 37 Us horn* is In the skjr »»Rdll* floallngpT 40 Mix 41 Chemical salt 4irundimmUI MPrintlnt 4»im*d » Self-titem UDnvtanail obUqiMly IIRlnf H Profit UTDes* live in smill hills of «*rth MHIrellnf 17 Golf VERTICAL IThey live in kennels 2 Revise 3 Denials 4 Fasten 5 Air (comb, form) t Foreigner to those living in Mexico 7 Goddess of the dawn t Finger and toe 9 Within (prefix) 10 Snicker · 24 God of '40 Pieces Ot thunder quartz 25 Harness part 41 Move \ 26 Opera singer sideways (pi.) 27 Rebounding 42 Greek letUr 28 Brain passage 43 Soon *·» 29 European 44 Let It stand blackbird 4» College 11 Russian news 31 Snuggle official agency 33 Seaport in 47 Curved 17 Rag Morocco molding 19 Melodic 38 Mountain 48 Short letter 23Natural fat ridges sOImlUle..,

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